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Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 105-111, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379434


<p><b>Background:</b> We evaluated the effectiveness of gemcitabine and paclitaxel therapy in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma for whom two lines of sequential chemotherapy had been unsuccessful.</p><p><b>Methods:</b> A total number of 105 patients who had previously received first-line chemotherapy consisting of gemcitabine and cisplatin or carboplatin, were treated with second-line gemcitabine and docetaxel therapy between June 2006 and May 2015. Of these patients, 15 with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 or 1 were administered gemcitabine and paclitaxel as third-line treatment from 2013 after failure of the second-line therapy. For each 21-day cycle, gemcitabine (1000 mg/m<sup>2</sup>) was administered on days 1, 8, and 15, and paclitaxel (200 mg/m<sup>2</sup>) on day 1. Patients were assessed for each cycle and any adverse events were noted. Furthermore, a Short Form Health Survey questionnaire was used to assess each patient’s quality of life.</p><p><b>Results:</b> Third-line gemcitabine and paclitaxel treatment cycles were undertaken for a median of four times (range 2–9). The disease control rate was 80.0%. After second-line gemcitabine and docetaxel therapy was completed, median progression-free survival and median overall survival were determined as 9.8 and 13.0 months, respectively. The only prognostic factor for overall survival, as determined by univariate and multivariate analyses, was third-line gemcitabine and paclitaxel therapy. Neutropenia (66.7%) and thrombocytopenia (53.3%) were noted as the grade 3 treatment-related toxicities. After two cycles of third-line gemcitabine and paclitaxel therapy, the pre- and post-treatment quality of life scores did not differ significantly.</p><p><b>Conclusions:</b> Results demonstrate that third-line combination therapy using gemcitabine and paclitaxel is a feasible option for metastatic urothelial carcinoma patients.</p>

Palliative Care Research ; : 514-517, 2012.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374720


<b>Introduction</b>: Mirtazapine is a noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant (NaSSA) and the previous reports show that may reduce nausea by inhibition of the serotonin 5-HT3receptor. <b>Case report</b>: A 38-year-old woman with advanced renal cancer with distant metastases was administered by sunitinib and oxycodone. Refractory nausea and vomiting developed during the course and mirtazapine at a daily dose of 1.875 mg was begun. The patient's nausea improved during the next day, and furthermore, by increasing the daily dose to 3.75 mg, vomiting was also improved on the third day. The therapy could be continued without withdrawal of sunitinib and oxycodone due to digestive symptoms. Although somnolence might be induced at a daily dose of 15 mg, the present low-dose mirtazapine could improve digestive symptoms without somnolence. <b>Conclusion</b>: We conclude that low-dose mirtazapine is one effective option for refractory nausea and vomiting during administration of sunitinib and oxycodone.