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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366847


Since November 1999 we have attempted to use a right heart bypass (RHB) system for beating heart coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which system produce better exposure of lateral and posterior wall of the heart and so enable us to facilitate bypass grafting to these branches. We report on our initial clinical experience with this system and the purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of this system. To clarify the efficacy of the RHB system, we compared the intraoperative and postoperative clinical course, as well as outcome, between patients who underwent beating heart CABG with RHB and patients without RHB. Seventy-seven patients underwent beating heart CABG with RHB (RHB group) between November 1999 and December 2001. In the same period, 88 patients underwent beating heart CABG without RHB. Of these latter, 30 patients needed displacement of the beating heart in order to expose target coronary arteries (OPCAB group). Perioperative clinical parameters were compared between the groups. Patients in the RHB group received more grafts (2.4±0.6) than patients in the OPCAB group (2.0±0.2, <i>p</i>=0.002). There were no hospital deaths in either group. While displacing the beating heart, SvO<sub>2</sub> decreased and pulmonary artery pressure increased in both groups. Nevertheless, the value of SvO<sub>2</sub> was significantly higher in RHB group while displacing to expose the circumflex region (<i>p</i>=0.048) and the distal right coronary artery region (<i>p</i><0.01). The effect of elevation of pulmonary artery pressure in the RHB group was lower than that in the OPCAB group, but it was not statistically different. Water balance during operation was 2, 898±1, 019ml in the RHB group and the 2, 237±807ml in OPCAB group (<i>p</i>=0.002). Body temperature following operation was 36.0±0.8°C in the RHB group and 36.5±0.8°C in the OPCAB group (<i>p</i><0.01). However, no differences were found in postoperative blood loss, required transfusion, duration of mechanical ventilation, ICU stay and hospital stay. No patient had postoperative complications related to the RHB system. The introduction of the RHB enabled bypass grafting to posterior wall vessels with better exposure and under greater hemodynamic stability. Therefore we think it a very effective support system which enable multiple coronary revascularization on beating heart CABG.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366818


A 61-year-old woman had extracardiac unruptured aneurysms of the right and noncoronary sinuses of Valsalva, detected incidentally on electrocardiogram taken for a physical checkup. Two-dimensional echocardiography revealed that the sizes of the aneurysm of the right and noncoronary sinuses were 41×40 and 38×28mm respectively, but the shape of left coronary sinus was almost normal. The aortic valve leaflet was normal and the diameter of the aortic annulus and sinotubular junction was 23 and 27mm respectively. The Doppler color-flow echocardiogram showed moderate aortic regurgitation which resulted in prolapse of the right aortic cusp due to deformity of the annulus. We performed modified aortic root remodeling using a tailored Dacron graft to preserve the native aortic valve. Right and noncoronary sinuses of Valsalva were all excised with a small button of the aortic wall around the ostia of the right coronary artery. The left coronary sinus was left as it was. Then each commissure received sub-commissural annuloplasty and was pulled up. The defect of Valsalva was reconstructed with a 26mm Dacron tube graft, the proximal end of which was tailored to a scallop shape and that correspond to left coronary sinus was excised. The right coronary artery was reimplanted utilizing the Carrel patch method. Although we needed additional CABG to the right coronary artery and IABP support due to vasospasm of the right coronary artery, the postoperative course was uneventful. Echocardiography of the aortic valve before discharge showed a normal function without regurgitation.

Medical Education ; : 39-45, 2001.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-369754


We investigated the effects on medical education of early exposure of undergraduate students to a summer camp for children with asthma. An objective evaluation by the editorial staff found final improvements in the following areas (in descending order of frequency): learning of basic medical behavior (91% of students); cooperative attitude of medical staff in general treatment with the patient and the patient's family (88%); understanding of childhood growth and development (80%); knowledge of childhood asthma (69%); and mastery of basic techniques for therapy and examination (41%). The differences in the ratio of improvement (%) before and after visiting the camp, were (in descending order of frequency): cooperative attitude of medical care staff in general medical treatment with the patient and the patient's family (47%); understanding of childhood growth and development (45%); knowledge of childhood asthma (38%); learning of basic medical manner (34%); and mastery of basic techniques for therapy and examination (25%). These findings suggest that a summer camp is useful for exposing undergraduate medical students to children with asthma and is effective for helping them understand patients and family-oriented pediatric medicine.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365989


Plasma concentrations of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were measured successively during and after open heart surgery (13 cases). Plasma concentrations of TNFα did not increase during surgery but increased gradually after the 1st operative day reached the maximum level at the 7th operative day (128±15pg/ml, which was a 3-fold increase compared with the previous value). Plasma concentrations of IL-1β remained at the previous level during surgery and increased only once at 6 hours after operation. Conversely, plasma concentrations of IL-6 increased dramatically during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) reaching a peak at the end of CPB (260±200pg/ml, which was a 15-fold increase over the previous value) and recovered to previous values rapidly thereafter. Plasma IL-6 concentrations changed rapidly during surgery, while plasma concentrations of TNFα and IL-1β did not increase sharply. This may indicate that IL-6 may play a role as a mediator of acute inflammatory reaction.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365792


In the past 9 years, 37 patients with infective endocarditis underwent valve replacement. The aortic valve was involved in 17 patients, the mitral valve in 10, and both valves in 10, respectively. 35 patients had native valve and 2 had prosthetic valve endocarditis. Bacterial findings were <i>Streptococcus</i> in 20 patients (54%), <i>Staphylococcus</i> in 5 (13.5%), gram-negative in 3 (8%), and undetected in 10 (27%). 10 patients developed aortic annular abscess. After aggressive debridement of all apparently infected tissue of annular abscess, the defects left in the left ventricular outflow tract were repaired by interrupted mattress sutures with pledgets in 4 patients, by autologous pericardial patch in 4, and by valved conduit in 2 PVE patients, respectively. Retrograde cardioplegic infusion from the coronary sinus not only facilitated operative manipulation but also provided superior myocardial protection in such patients. Operative mortality was 11% (4/37). Reoperation was necessary in 2 patients; one for periprosthetic leak, and the other for newly developed severe left coronary ostial stenosis after the first operation, but both died eventually. Late mortality was 8% (3/37). Mean follow-up of 31 months was achieved in all 30 survivors, in whom there was no recurrence of infection and clinical improvement was excellent.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-365202


We studied the effects of the electrolyte composition (K, Ca, Na) and prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> of the extra-cellular fluid on the tension development of isolated canine coronary arterial strips. In 20mEq/<i>l</i> potassium solution, 4.7mEq/<i>l</i> calcium produced coronary artery contraction. This Ca-induced contraction was partially inhibited dose-dependently (between 10<sup>-15</sup>M and 10<sup>-12</sup>M) by prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub>. Above 10<sup>-11</sup>M, intensity of the inhibition did not change. In the presence of 20mEq/<i>l</i> potassium, the reduction of sodium concentration to 12mEq/<i>l</i> increased the tension of coronary artery. Prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> did not affect this tension development. After 5min perfusion of prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub>, Ca-induced contraction was not inhibited. It is concluded that low calcium, high sodium cardioplegic solution may relax the canine coronary artery. Addition of prostaglandin E<sub>1</sub> to cardioplegic solution may reduce the coronary artery contraction partially.