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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886204


The patient is a 39-year-old-man who had rheumatic heart disease and had undergone mitral and aortic valve replacements with mechanical St. Jude prostheses as well as tricuspid valve repair and a MAZE procedure 17 years previously. He was admitted with ventricular tachycardia (VT) and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. Four months later, he was admitted again with VT, and attempts to manage the VT with drugs were not successful. We performed electro-anatomical mapping and ablation for VT by re-median sternotomy. His postoperative course was uneventful. At 15 months after surgery, no recurrence of VT was recognized.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837413


A 71-year-old female, who had diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure on dialysis, had undergone mitral valve repair and tricuspid valve annuloplasty. Five months after the operation, she suffered from infectious endocarditis and underwent mitral valve replacement. Postoperatively, a total fluid volume of 300 to 600 ml/day was drained from the pericardial tube, and its appearance became milky after the start of oral intake of food. She was diagnosed with chylomediastinum. Despite fasting and total parenteral nutrition for 2 weeks and subcutaneous octreotide administration, the volume of fluid drainage was not reduced. Therefore, we planned lymphangiography treatment with Lipiodol on postoperative day 37. On operation, under local anesthesia, the left inguinal lymph node was punctured under ultrasound guidance, and Lipiodol was injected at a rate of 12 ml/h for 1h. On the next day, the volume of fluid drainage was reduced, and the pericardial tube could be removed 9 days after lymphangiography.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688751


A 76-year-old man with a history of total esophagectomy and retrosternal gastric tube reconstruction for esophageal cancer was transferred to our hospital because of consciousness disorder. It became an emergency operation on diagnosis of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection on enhanced CT. Because CT showed the retrosternal gastric tube ran along the right side of the body of the sternum through the back side of the manubrium, we opted for skin and the suprasternal incision on the left side from center. We could perform total aortic arch replacement without the damage of the gastric tube except that the right side of the operative view was slightly poor. We did not recognize digestive organ symptoms such as postoperative passage disorders nor mediastinitis. The patient was discharged from our hospital on postoperative day 24.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361935


A 61-year-old man underwent thoracic aortic graft replacement and abdominal aortic graft replacement because of a dissecting aneurysm. He presented with a ruptured residual dissecting thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm and underwent emergency thoraco-abdominal aortic graft replacement in February 2007. An inverted bifurcated graft was fashioned by cutting one of the two graft legs and creating an elliptical patch, like a cobra-head. In order to prevent paraplegia after the operation, it was necessary to shorten the duration of spinal cord ischemia. Once the elliptical patch was sutured to the orifices of the internal costal arteries with running sutures, selective intercostal arterial perfusion was initiated by using a cardiopulmonary bypass. After the operation, he did not suffer paraplegia.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361862


A 58-year-old man was admitted because of enlargement in diameter of the descending thoracic aorta. Six years previously, he had undergone graft replacement of the proximal descending aorta due to a chronic dissecting aneurysm. During that surgery, distal fenestration involving resection of the intimal flap of the distal anastomotic site and graft replacement with distal anastomosis of the true and false lumen were performed. Our preoperative enhanced computed tomography (eCT) revealed a thoracic aortic aneurysm 58mm in diameter at the site of distal fenestration. Graft replacement through left lateral thoracotomy was considered difficult because of previous occurrence of methicillin-resistant <i>Staphylococcus aureus</i> (MRSA) empyema after the previous operation: hence, endovascular repair was done using a handmade stent graft to interrupt blood flow into the false lumen. The postoperative course was uneventful. Postoperative eCT showed the thrombosed false lumen and the shrinkage of the aneurysm from 58 to 38mm in diameter over a period of 18 months.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367254


Ninety patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm underwent endovascular stent grafting in our hospital between 2001 and 2006 and two patients required graft replacement of abdominal aortic aneurysms during the late postoperative phase. Case 1 was a 77-year-old man for whom endovascular stent grafting for an abdominal aortic aneurysm and thoracic aortic aneurysm had been performed concomitantly. Six months later, because the abdominal aortic aneurysm had expanded from 68mm to 75mm in diameter, due to a type I endoleak which was detected postoperatively, he underwent open surgery. An occlusion balloon was inflated at the proximal site of the celiac artery until the stent graft was extracted. After positioning the aortic clamp below the origin of the renal arteries, a bifurcated graft was implanted. The postoperative course was uneventful. Case 2 was an 86-year-old woman who had undergone endovascular stent grafting for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular procedure was successful and no endoleak was detected postoperatively. However, 13 months later, a community hospital admitted her in a state of shock due to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. She was transferred to our hospital and underwent an emergency operation. Because insertion of an occlusion balloon into the brachial artery failed, we primarily performed supravisceral aortic cross clamping. After opening the aneurysm sac, the stent graft was removed and a bifurcated graft was implanted. After declamping, we found that the right common iliac artery was occluded, and therefore aorto-right external iliac bypass grafting was then also performed. The postoperative course was uneventful.