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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761858

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. METHODS: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. RESULTS: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. CONCLUSION: Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Consultants , Coronary Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Heart , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, University , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Life Style , Methods , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Nutritionists , Physical Therapists , Preventive Medicine , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Secondary Prevention , Specialization , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1066-1111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917327

ABSTRACT

Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular (CV) disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of thirty-three authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers CV mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and three additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. METHODS: This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of 33 authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and two general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, three rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. PRINCIPAL CONCLUSIONS: CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers cardiovascular mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Consultants , Coronary Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Heart , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, University , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Life Style , Methods , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Nutritionists , Physical Therapists , Preventive Medicine , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Secondary Prevention , Specialization , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1066-1111, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759405

ABSTRACT

Though clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are an effective and widely used treatment method worldwide, they are as yet not widely accepted in Korea. Given that cardiovascular (CV) disease is the second leading cause of death in Korea, it is urgent that CR programs be developed. In 2008, the Government of Korea implemented CR programs at 11 university hospitals as part of its Regional Cardio-Cerebrovascular Center Project, and 3 additional medical facilities will be added in 2019. In addition, owing to the promotion of CR nationwide and the introduction of CR insurance benefits, 40 medical institutions nationwide have begun CR programs even as a growing number of medical institutions are preparing to offer CR. The purpose of this research was to develop evidence-based CPGs to support CR implementation in Korea. This study is based on an analysis of CPGs elsewhere in the world, an extensive literature search, a systematic analysis of multiple randomized control trials, and a CPG management, development, and assessment committee comprised of thirty-three authors—primarily rehabilitation specialists, cardiologists, and thoracic surgeons in 21 university hospitals and 2 general hospitals. Twelve consultants, primarily rehabilitation, sports medicine, and preventive medicine specialists, CPG experts, nurses, physical therapists, clinical nutritionists, and library and information experts participated in the research and development of these CPGs. After the draft guidelines were developed, 3 rounds of public hearings were held with staff members from relevant academic societies and stakeholders, after which the guidelines were further reviewed and modified. CR involves a more cost-effective use of healthcare resources relative to that of general treatments, and the exercise component of CR lowers CV mortality and readmission rates, regardless of the type of coronary heart disease and type and setting of CR. Individualized CR programs should be considered together with various factors, including differences in heart function and lifestyle, and doing so will boost participation and adherence with the CR program, ultimately meeting the final goals of the program, namely reducing the recurrence of myocardial infarction and mortality rates.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cause of Death , Consultants , Coronary Disease , Delivery of Health Care , Heart , Hospitals, General , Hospitals, University , Humans , Insurance Benefits , Korea , Life Style , Methods , Mortality , Myocardial Infarction , Nutritionists , Physical Therapists , Preventive Medicine , Recurrence , Rehabilitation , Secondary Prevention , Specialization , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-176890

ABSTRACT

“Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation in Korea 2016” is the 3rd edition of clinical practice guideline (CPG) for stroke rehabilitation in Korea, which updates the 2nd edition published in 2014. Forty-two specialists in stroke rehabilitation from 21 universities and 4 rehabilitation hospitals and 4 consultants participated in this update. The purpose of this CPG is to provide optimum practical guidelines for stroke rehabilitation teams to make a decision when they manage stroke patients and ultimately, to help stroke patients obtain maximal functional recovery and return to the society. The recent two CPGs from Canada (2015) and USA (2016) and articles that were published following the 2nd edition were used to develop this 3rd edition of CPG for stroke rehabilitation in Korea. The chosen articles' level of evidence and grade of recommendation were decided by the criteria of Scotland (2010) and the formal consensus was derived by the nominal group technique. The levels of evidence range from 1++ to 4 and the grades of recommendation range from A to D. Good Practice Point was recommended as best practice based on the clinical experience of the guideline developmental group. The draft of the developed CPG was reviewed by the experts group in the public hearings and then revised. “Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation in Korea 2016” consists of ‘Chapter 1; Introduction of Stroke Rehabilitation’, ‘Chapter 2; Rehabilitation for Stroke Syndrome, ‘Chapter 3; Rehabilitation for Returning to the Society’, and ‘Chapter 4; Advanced Technique for Stroke Rehabilitation’. “Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation in Korea 2016” will provide direction and standardization for acute, subacute and chronic stroke rehabilitation in Korea.


Subject(s)
Canada , Consensus , Consultants , Humans , Korea , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Rehabilitation , Scotland , Specialization , Stroke
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100419

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this report was to provide information for patients receiving inpatient rehabilitation after stroke and to identify the possible factors influencing functional outcome after inpatient rehabilitation. Stroke patients (n = 5,212) who were discharged from the Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine (RM) of university hospitals and rehabilitation hospitals from 2007 through 2011 were participants. Prevalence, age, transfer time after onset, length of stay (LOS), functional status at admission and discharge were analyzed. In all stroke subjects, cerebral infarctions (67%) were more common than hemorrhages. Cerebral infarctions in the middle cerebral artery territory were most common, while the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex were the most common areas for hemorrhagic stroke. The LOS decreased from 45 to 28 days. Transfer time after onset decreased from 44 to 30 days. Shorter transfer time after onset was correlated with better discharge functional status and shorter LOS. Initial functional status was correlated with discharge functional status. In ischemic stroke subtypes, cerebellar and brainstem strokes predicted better outcomes, while strokes with more than one territory predicted poorer outcomes with more disabilities. In hemorrhagic stroke subtypes, initial and discharge functional status was the lowest for cortical hemorrhages and highest for brainstem hemorrhages. This report shows that LOS and transfer time after onset has been decreased over time and initial functional status and shorter transfer after onset are predictors of better functional outcome at discharge.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Databases, Factual , Demography , Female , Hemorrhage/complications , Hospitals, University , Humans , Inpatients , Ischemia/complications , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Rehabilitation Centers , Stroke/etiology , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61206

ABSTRACT

"Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation in Korea 2012" is a 2nd edition of clinical practice guideline (CPG) for stroke rehabilitation in Korea, which updates the 1st edition published in 2009. After 1st stroke rehabilitation CPG, many studies concerning stroke rehabilitation have been published and the necessity for update has been raised. The Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention supported the project "Development of Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation" in 2012. Thirty-two specialists in stroke rehabilitation from 18 universities and 3 rehabilitation hospitals and 10 consultants participated in this project. The scope of this CPG included both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke from the acute to chronic stages. The purpose of this CPG is to provide guidelines for doctors and therapists to make a decision when they manage stroke patients and ultimately, to help stroke patients obtain maximal functional recovery and return to the society. "Clinical Practice Guideline for Stroke Rehabilitation in Korea 2012" consists of 'Chapter 1; Introduction of Stroke Rehabilitation', 'Chapter 2; Rehabilitation for Stroke Syndrome, 'Chapter 3; Rehabilitation for Return to the Society', and 'Chapter 4; Advanced Technique for Stroke Rehabilitation'. Both the adaptation and de novo development methods were used to develop this 2nd edition of CPG. The appraisal of foreign CPGs was performed using 'Korean appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation II' (K-AGREE II); moreover, four CPGs from Scotland (2010), Austrailia (2010), USA (2010), Canada (2010) were chosen for adaptation. For de novo development, articles that were published following the latest foreign CPGs were searched from the database system, PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library. Literatures were assessed in the aspect of subjects, study design, study results' consistency, language and application possibility in the Korean society. The chosen articles' level of evidence and grade of recommendation were decided by the criteria of Scotland (2010) and the formal consensus was derived by the nominal group technique. The levels of evidence range from 1++ to 4 and the grades of recommendation range from A to D. GPP (Good Practice Point) was recommended as best practice based on the clinical experience of the guideline developmental group. The draft of the developed CPG was reviewed by the experts group in the public hearings and then revised.


Subject(s)
Canada , Consensus , Consultants , Humans , Korea , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Rehabilitation , Scotland , Specialization , Stroke
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21959

ABSTRACT

This first annual report provides a description of patients discharged from rehabilitation facilities in Korea based on secondary data analysis of Korean Brain Rehabilitation Registry V1.0 subscribed in 2009. The analysis included 1,697 records of patients with brain disorders including stroke, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor and other disorders from 24 rehabilitation facilities across Korea. The data comprised 1,380 cases of stroke, 104 cases of brain injury, 55 cases of brain tumor, and 58 cases of other brain diseases. The functional status of each patient was measured using the Korean version of the Modified Barthel Index (KMBI). The average change in the KMBI score was 15.9 for all patients in the inpatient rehabilitation facility. The average length of stay for inpatient rehabilitation was 36.9 days. The transfer rates to other hospitals were high, being 62.4% when all patients were considered. Patients with brain disorders of Korea in 2009 and measurable functional improvement was observed in patients. However, relatively high percentages of patients were not discharged to the community after inpatient rehabilitation. Based on the results of this study, consecutive reports of the status of rehabilitation need to be conducted in order to provide useful information to many practitioners.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Brain Diseases/rehabilitation , Brain Injuries/rehabilitation , Brain Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Disability Evaluation , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Registries , Rehabilitation Centers , Republic of Korea , Stroke/rehabilitation
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723834

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pain-related behaviors and the changes of CX3CR1 expression in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in a rat model of lumbar disc herniation. METHOD: A total of 90 male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. A laminectomy was performed to expose left L5 nerve roots and corresponding DRG. Autologous nucleus puplosus was implanted on the left L5 nerve root proximal to the DRG without mechanical compression. Sham operation was also done with the same procedure as mentioned above. Thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia were assessed at 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30 days after surgery. Real time PCR and immunohistochemistry after behavioral test were performed. RESULTS: In the lumbar disc herniation rats, significant reduction of thermal withdrawal latency indicating thermal hyperalgesia was shown on the ipsilateral hindpaw on postoperative day 1 (p<0.01) and peaked on day 10 (p<0.05) and maintained throughout day 30 (p<0.05). The reduction of mechanical allodynia threshold, indicating mechanical allodynia, was observed on the ipsilateral hindpaw on postoperative day 1 (p<0.01) and continued throughout day 30 (p<0.01). Real time PCR showed the decrease in mRNA expression of CX3CR1 in the ipsilateral DRG on day 1 (p<0.05) and the significant increase on day 20 (p<0.05). The immunoreactivity for CX3CR1 was also increased in ipsilateral DRG on day 10 and 20. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that lumbar disc herniation induces thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia and upregulates the expression of CX3CR1 in dorsal root ganglion. Expression of CX3CR1 might be associated with subacute neuropathic pain after intervertebral disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Hyperalgesia , Immunohistochemistry , Intervertebral Disc , Laminectomy , Male , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Salicylamides , Spinal Nerve Roots
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We report here on analyzing 3,128 subjects with stroke and who were discharged from the Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine of secondary or tertiary hospitals, and all the hospitals subscribed to the Online Database System developed by the Korean Society of Neurorehabilitation. METHOD: This is a retrospective analysis of the brain rehabilitation registry database for outcome of stroke outcome in the year 2006 to 2008. RESULTS: The male stroke subjects and cerebral infarction were 58.4% and 66.3%, respectively. Cerebral infarction in the middle cerebral artery territory was the most common, and the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex were the common areas for the cases of intracranial hemorrhage. The mean age of the patients was 61.7 years, and the most common ages were 45~64 years for all the stroke subjects. The subjects with cerebral hemorrhage (56.1 years) were younger than those with cerebral infarction (63.9 years). Seasonal variation was observed in the occurrence of stroke; spring (34.1%), winter (27.4%), summer (21.6%) and autumn (16.8%) in this order. There was no significant difference of the changes on the Korean version of the modified Barthel index between the patients with cerebral infarction and cerebral hemorrhage after rehabilitation. On analyzing the two groups of stroke subjects admitted before and after 100 days from stroke onset, the changes on the Korean version of the modified Barthel index and the Brunnstrom stage scores of the early admission group were higher that those of the late rehabilitation group. CONCLUSION: The above findings suggest that 1) the incidence, lesion sites and seasonality of stroke in this database system are similar to those of the worldwide data, 2) the length of hospital stay for the subjects with stroke is about 46 days and 3) early rehabilitation is more effective in improving the outcome of stroke subjects.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723843

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short and medium effect of peripheral repetitive magnetic stimulation therapy on chronic low back pain compared with transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy. METHOD: Twenty-three subjects with chronic low back pain were allocated randomly to repetitive magnetic stimulation group (n=13) and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation group (n=10). Each treatment consisted of 10-minutes sessions each day, totally 10 sessions over 2 weeks. Subjects were evaluated pre-treatment and post-treatment at 8 hours and 2 weeks. Outcome was measured with the Oswestry disability index, McGill pain questionnaire, and daily mean pain numeric rating scale. RESULTS: At 8 hours and 2 weeks post-treatment, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy group showed a significant improvement in the mean pain numeric rating scale. Two weeks post-treatment, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy group showed a significant improvement in the Oswestry disability index. But there were no significant therapeutic effect of repetitive magnetic stimulation therapy group at all period. CONCLUSION: This study showed that repetitive magnetic stimulation therapy may be less effective than transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation therapy for the treatment of chronic low back pain.


Subject(s)
Low Back Pain , Magnetic Field Therapy , Magnetics , Magnets , Pain Measurement , Pilot Projects , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723230

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To find the risk factors of critical illness polyneuropathy (CIP) on intensive care unit patients using early electrodiagnosis. METHOD: The adult patient who were admitted to the ICU and taken ventilator care with endotracheal intubation were included. The time after admission was 48 to 144 hours. In case of axonal neuropathy of peripheral nerve, if affected nerves were in different two limbs or different three nerves were affected, CIP was diagnosed. If some nerves got abnormal results but did not satisfied the above criteria, the patient was classified as peripheral neuropathy group. The days of using neuromuscular blockade, continuous insulin infusion, catecholamine, vasopressor, corticosteroid, benzodiazepine, parenteral nutrition and fact for continuous renal replacement therapy, SOFA (sequential organ failure assessment) score were evaluated to find the risk factors. RESULTS: Eighteen patients were included. Six patients were CIP and another six were peripheral neuropathy. Risk factors for CIP were age, duration of intensive care, days of neuromuscular blockade and parenteral nutrition (p<0.05). There was no difference on mortality rate among the three groups. CONCLUSION: The result of early electrodiagnosis on ICU patients for CIP diagnosis revealed that risk factors of CIP were age, duration of intensive care, days of neuromuscular blockade and parenteral nutrition.


Subject(s)
Adult , Axons , Benzodiazepines , Critical Illness , Electrodiagnosis , Extremities , Humans , Insulin , Critical Care , Intensive Care Units , Intubation, Intratracheal , Neuromuscular Blockade , Parenteral Nutrition , Peripheral Nerves , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Polyneuropathies , Renal Replacement Therapy , Risk Factors , Ventilators, Mechanical
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36923

ABSTRACT

In spite of a refined classification on the functioning or disability accredited by World Health Organization (WHO, 2001), explicit concepts or definitions of health, disablement and its related terminologies of impairment, disability, handicap, activity limitation and participation restriction are generating considerable confusion in Korea. It is very important to understand the new concepts of these different changing terms in all health related fields. International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) has reported diagnosis or mortality statistics, but the report did not cover the health status of living populations or information about non-fatal health outcomes. In order to rectify this situation, WHO developed a new tool for the classification of the consequences of disease, namely the International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities and Handicaps (ICIDH) in 1980. Following several revisions, WHO announced the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in 2001, which was not based on a medical or a social model, rather on bio-psycho-social and interactive model. WHO recommend the use of the two different classifications to provide relevant and updated information on diagnosis of disease (s) with ICD-10 and also on assessment of functioning or disability with ICF.


Subject(s)
International Classification of Diseases , Korea , World Health Organization
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178650

ABSTRACT

Pain-related impairment assessment by the fifth edition of the American Medical Association Guides had many ambiguous points, and therefore, it was not applicable directly in Korea. Several disputable pain disorders were excluded from the list of impairment evaluation, and complex regional pain syndrome was chosen as the first object of impairment evaluation. Scales such as Korean version of modified Barthel index for assessing the activity of daily livings and Beck Depression Inventory for assessing depression were added, and pain severity, pain treatment, pain behavior, etc. were scored. In order to objectify as much as possible and to remove the room for misuse, we develop a new rating system based on the concept of total score.


Subject(s)
Disability Evaluation , Humans , Korea , Pain Measurement , Program Development , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy/classification , Sickness Impact Profile
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178649

ABSTRACT

Quantifying and rating the impairments due to mental and behavior disorders are difficult for their own characteristics. Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMS) is developing guidelines of rating impairment in mental and behavioral disorders based on Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (KNPA)'s new guidelines. We compared the new KNPA's guidelines and the American Medical Association (AMA)'s 6th Guides in assessing impairment due to mental and behavioral disorders to develop new guidelines of KAMS. Two guidelines are different in diagnosing system, applicable disorders, qualification of assessors, application of scales, contents of assessment and rate of impairment of the whole person. Both AMA's and the proposed guidelines have individual merits and characteristics. There is a limitation in using the 6th AMA's Guides in Korean situation. However to improve objectivity in Korean assessment of psychiatric impairment, the new AMA's Guides can serve as a good reference.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Behavioral Symptoms/classification , Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale/standards , Disability Evaluation , Humans , Korea , Mental Disorders/classification , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Program Development
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the treatment efficacy between low and high dose of triamcinolone acetonide in the treatment of ultrasonographic-guided subacromial bursa injection. METHOD: Forty two patients with periarticular shoulder disorders were randomly assigned to receive injection with 10 mg (group 1, 20 patients) or 40 mg (group 2, 22 patients) triamcinolone acetonide. After a single injection, participants were followed up for 6 weeks. Treatment efficacy was measured upon pre-treatment and post-treatment on week 1, 3, 6, using visual analog scale for average pain intensity during 24 hours (24 h VAS), Shoulder Function Assessment scale (SFA), Shoulder Disability Questionnaire (SDQ), and active range of motion (AROM). Participants and the assessor were blinded for group assignment. RESULTS: Six weeks after injection, the 24 h VAS, the SFA, the SDQ, and the AROM (internal rotation, external rotation, and abduction) showed a significantly greater improvement in group 2 than group 1 (p <0.05). CONCLUSION: This study showed that in the treatment of periarticular shoulder disorders greater pain relief and functional improvement were obtained with a dose of 40 mg triamcinolone acetonide than with a dose of 10 mg.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surveys and Questionnaires , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161845

ABSTRACT

To develop an objective and scientific method to evaluate the brain injured and brain diseased persons with motor dysfunction, American Medical Association's Guides to the Evaluation of Permanent Impairment was used as an exemplar. After the motor dysfunction due to brain injury or brain disease was confirmed, active range of motion and muscle strength of affected extremities were measured. Also, the total function of extremities was evaluated through the assessment of activities of daily living, fine coordination of hand, balance and gait. Then, the total score of manual muscle test and functional assessment of impaired upper and lower extremity were added, respectively. Spasticity of upper and lower extremity was used as minus factors. Patients with movement disorder such as Parkinson's disease were assessed based on the degree of dysfunction in response to medication. We develop a new rating system based on the concept of total score.


Subject(s)
Brain Diseases/classification , Brain Injuries/classification , Disability Evaluation , Hand/physiopathology , Humans , Korea , Lower Extremity/physiopathology , Motor Skills , Program Development , Severity of Illness Index , Upper Extremity/physiopathology
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-724269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate usefulness of uptake ratio of three phase bone scintigraphy in assessing the complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type I in stroke patients METHOD: Forty three stroke patients were diagnosed as CRPS type I based on their symptoms and confirmed by three phase bone scintigraphy. Uptake ratio was calculated by dividing the radioactivity count on the affected side by that on the unaffected side in each phase. Mean uptake ratio was compared among the groups classified by the clinical diagnosis and by the response to treatment. In addition, uptake ratio was compared before and after treatment. RESULTS: Mean uptake ratio of the wrist in blood pool phase was significantly higher than other parts of the body (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference among the groups classified by the clinical diagnosis nor by the response to treatment. The changes of uptake ratio were variable after treatment, but only the uptake ratio of the wrist in blood flow phase showed correlation with the degree of swelling. CONCLUSION: Uptake ratio of three phase bone scintigraphy was not correlated with clinical findings.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Humans , Radioactivity , Radionuclide Imaging , Stroke , Wrist
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-723412

ABSTRACT

We developed a new, affordable, and easy-to-use natural-fill cystometric device to overcome the limitation of conventional cystometry, long been criticized for being unphysiological. The device was composed of one transurethral catheter, one rectal catheter, two digital manometers, and a portable computer. The transurethral and rectal catheters were connected to manometers, which were then connected to the computer. Three persons with neurogenic bladder were recruited for testing the device. To shorten the test duration, we gave patients 500 ml water before the test. As urine filled inside the bladder, the transurethral and rectal catheters transmitted respectively the intravesical and abdominal pressures to the digital manometers. The pressures were stored within the portable computer and turned into graphs indicating pressure changes. The natural-fill cystometry is thought to be a physiological test that is affordable and convenient because of its simple structure and small size.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Humans , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Water
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