Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 42
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921828

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in the formation of immunothrombosis. However, how vascular endothelial cells mediate the formation of NETs has not been fully understood. We stimulated neutrophils firmly attached on the endothelial cell surface intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA) for 4 h, then labeled NETs-DNA with Sytox green dye and the formation of NETs was observed by fluorescent microscopy. The area and fluorescence intensity of NETs-DNA were analyzed to quantify the formation of NETs. The results showed that both PMA and LPS were able to induce firmly adhered neutrophils on ICAM-1 to produce NETs. NETs induced by PMA were independent of neither β2 integrin lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) nor macrophage antigen complex-1 (Mac-1). In contrast, LPS-stimulated NETs were mediated by Mac-1 integrin, but not by LFA-1. After inhibition of actin filaments or Talin-1, the formation of NETs irrespective of the stimulus was significantly reduced. This study reveals the mechanism of the direct interaction between neutrophils and endothelial cells to produce NETs under inflammatory conditions, providing a new theoretical basis for the treatment of related diseases and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins , Endothelial Cells , Extracellular Traps , Integrins , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophages , Neutrophils
2.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 50(4): e20180911, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089571

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Herbicide application is an effective weed control method for mitigating crop yield loss; however, herbicide overuse can cause toxicity in non-target plants. The present study evaluated the effects of glufosinate at recommended dose for agricultural application (0.45 kg ha-1) and at overuse dose (0.90 kg ha-1) glufosinate application on photosynthetic performance and nitrogen assimilation of the rapeseed varieties D148 and Zhongshuang 11 (ZS11). Both glufosinate concentrations significantly decreased the content of chlorophyll and nitrogenous compounds, except free proline, and the activity of glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase, and increased the activity of glutamic acid dehydrogenase in both varieties. When the concentration of glyphosate was 0.45kg ha-1, the nitrogen assimilation of the two varieties decreased, which indicated that the recommended dosage inhibited the nitrogen assimilation of the two varieties; however, the increase of net photosynthetic rate of D148 and the decrease of that of ZS11 mean that D148 is more tolerant to the recommended dose of glyphosate than ZS11. The 0.90 kg ha-1 dosage was toxic to both rapeseed varieties. Overall, our results indicated that herbicide overuse inhibited the photosynthetic rate and nitrogen assimilation in rapeseed seedlings, and it is essential to apply a suitable glufosinate dose based on the variety grown to minimize adverse effects on crops and environment.


RESUMO: A aplicação de herbicidas é um método eficaz de controle de ervas daninhas para mitigar a perda de produtividade das culturas. No entanto, o uso excessivo de herbicidas pode causar toxicidade em plantas não alvo. O presente estudo avaliou os efeitos da dose recomendada para aplicação agrícola (0.45 kg ha-1) e dose excessiva (0.90 kg ha-1) de glufosinato no desempenho fotossintético e assimilação de nitrogênio das variedades de colza D148 e Zhongshuang 11 (ZS11). Ambas as concentrações de glutamato diminuíram significativamente o teor de clorofila e compostos azotados, exceto a prolina livre, e a atividade de síntese da glutamina e de síntese de glutamato, e aumentaram a atividade de desidrogenase do ácido glutâmico em ambas as variedades. Quando a concentração de glifosato foi 0.45 kg ha-1, a assimilação de azoto das duas variedades diminuiu, o que indicou que a dosagem recomendada de glifosato inibiu a assimilação de azoto das duas variedades de colza. Entretanto, a taxa fotosintética líquida do D148 aumentou enquanto o do ZS11 diminuiu, o que significa que o D148 é mais tolerante a dose recomendada de glifosato do que o ZS11. A dose de 0.90 kg ha-1 de glifosato foi prejudicial para as mudas de duas variedades de colza. Em geral, os nossos resultados indicam que o uso excessivo de glufosinato inibe a taxa fotossintética e a assimilação de nitrogênio em mudas de colza, sendo essencial aplicar uma dose adequada deste herbicida com base na variedade cultivada para minimizar os efeitos adversos nas culturas e no meio ambiente.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829936

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of nonodontogenic periapical lesions and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*Methods@# A case of a patient with right upper molar pulp with apical penetration and local occlusion admitted to the West China Stomatological Hospital of Sichuan University was retrospectively analyzed, and the curative effect of microapical surgery and pith preservation was also analyzed.@*Results @#The imaging features of tooth 16 showed periradicular radiolucency combined with local radiopaque lesions around the distal buccal apical area. Endodontic microsurgery was performed under local anesthesia. Soft tissue coverage was observed in the distal buccal apical area during the surgery, and no radiopaque tissue was detected. The distal buccal root apex was cut by 3 mm, and mineral trioxide aggregate was used for root-end backfilling. The postoperative pathological results revealed fibrous connective tissue. One-week recall X-ray examination showed tight root-end backfilling and no periradicular radiolucency; an electrical test of pulp vitality showed positive results. The four-year follow-up showed that there was no discoloration in tooth 16 and no significant difference in thermal and electrical tests of pulp vitality compared with control teeth. Combining the clinical manifestations, imaging features, surgical exploration results and pathological reports, the case was most likely to be cemental hypoplasia. Through the literature review, the treatment and healthy pulp preservation of such cases by endodontic microsurgery under the premise of preserving teeth has not been reported.@*Conclusion@#For maxillary posterior teeth with periapical lesions but healthy pulp, accurate estimation of pulp status, endodontic microsurgical exploration and application of bioactive materials can achieve vital pulp preservation while removing the lesions.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 522-529, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815844

ABSTRACT

To effectively identify the Astragalus and its adulterants based on ITS2 sequence and secondary structure, in this study, 32 portions of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. var. mongholicus (Beg.) Hsiao and Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. collected were conducted ITS2 sequence amplification and bidirectional sequencing, whose results were then spliced by CExpress software remove the 5.8S and 28S sequences at both ends to obtain a complete ITS2 sequence. In addition, 3 ITS2 sequences for each of the adulterants of Astragalus, respectively, Oxytropis coerulea, Caragana sinica, Hedysarum polybotrys, Althaea rosea were downloaded from GenBank. The intra-specific and inter-specific genetic distances were calculated by the software MEGA7 to analyze the difference of each sequence; the Neighbor-joining (NJ) method was used to construct the phylogenetic tree based on ITS2 sequence (primary structure) as well as joint ITS2 sequence and its secondary structure. The results showed that the average ITS2 sequence length of both A. mongolicus and A. membranaceus was 216 bp, and their average GC content was 50.00% and 50.46%, respectively. The similarity of ITS2 sequence length and GC content between the two kind of Astragalus and Oxytropis coerulea was the highest, while the ITS2 sequence length and GC content of Althaea rosea showed great differences with those of Astragalus. The inter-specific distance between Astragalus and Oxytropis coerulea was the smallest, while that between the medicinal Astragalus and Hedysarum polybotrys, Caragana sinica as well as Althaea rosea was great. The phylogenetic trees constructed based on the ITS2 sequence (primary structure) and joint ITS2 sequence and its secondary structure showed that the topological relations of the two phylogenetic trees were basically the same, and both could effectively identify the Astragalus and its adulterants. What’s more, the addition of secondary structure information made end branch of the phylogenetic tree become more in its construction, and the distinguish ability and approval rating were also improved, which further reflected the genetic relationship of Astragalus and its adulterants. This provides some scientific basis for classification and accurate identification of Astragalus and its adulterants.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776622

ABSTRACT

As a major active component extracted from traditional Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F, triptolide exhibits multiple pharmacological effects. Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved intracellular catabolic process involved in cytoplasmic materials degradation. Autophagic dysfunction contributes to the pathologies of many human diseases, which makes it a promising therapeutic target. Recent studies have shown that triptolide exerts neuroprotection, anti-tumor activities, organ toxicity, and podocyte protection by modulating autophagy. This article highlights the current information on triptolide-modulated autophagy, analyzes the possible pathways involved, and describes the crosstalk between autophagy and apoptosis modulated by triptolide, in hope of providing implications for the roles of autophagy in pharmacological effects of triptolide and expanding its novel usage as an autophagy modulator.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacology , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , Podocytes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756572

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility and aesthetic results of plastic and cosmetic surgery incorporating the modified single z-type epicanthoplasty with the horizontal double-eyelid blepharoplasty.Methods A total of 150 patients with epicanthus fold and single eyelid were performed the horizontal double-eyelid blepharoplasty with single Z-shaped asymmetric flap method in one-stage procedure.Results After 3 to 12 months following up,three cases presented mild scar proliferation in epicanthal incision,and then with the swelling subsided and scar removal,the scars were gradually disappeared.All of other patients had no obvious scar after the surgery.Conclusions This is an effective combined surgical procedure.There is no obvious scar in endocanthion.This method could be widely used in clinic.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699936

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a disposable negative pressure syringe to solve the problems in bone marrow aspiration. Methods The syringe was composed of an injector and a self-contained puncture needle.The injector consisted of a barrel,a plunger and a tip.The plunger had its front end placed in the barrel and connected with the tip.The tip clung to the inner wall and could slide along it,and the upper end of the cylinder was connected closely with a negative-pressure sealing cap.A negative-pressure cavity was formed between the sealing cap and the tip,and an anticoagulation layer existed at the cylinder inner wall in the cavity.The blood taking needle was made up of a bone puncture needle and a hub.Results The developed syringe gained stable negative pressure,low time and workload consumption during bone marrow aspiration when compared with the conventional tools. Conclusion The syringe increases the quality of bone marrow aspiration while decreases the workload of medical staffs,and thus is worthy promoting practically.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812567

ABSTRACT

Arisaema heterophyllum Blume is one of the three medicinal plants known as traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma Arisaematis (RA). RA has been popularly used to treat patients with convulsions, inflammation, and cancer for a long time. However, the underlying mechanisms for RA effects are still unclear. The present study was designed to determine the cytotoxicity of agglutinin isolated from Arisema heterophyllum Blume (AHA) and explore the possible mechanisms in human non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells. AHA with purity up to 95% was isolated and purified from Arisaema heterophyllum Blume using hydrophobic interaction chromatography. AHA dose-dependently inhibited the proliferation of A549 cells and induced G phase cell cycle arrest. AHA induced apoptosis by up-regulating pro-apoptotic Bax, decreasing anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, and activating caspase-9 and caspase-3. In A549 cells treated with AHA, the PI3K/Akt pathway was inhibited. Furthermore, AHA induced increase in the levels of ER stress markers such as phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (p-eIF2α), C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP), inositol-requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α), and phosphorylated c-Jun NH-terminal kinase (p-JNK). AHA also induced autophagy in A549 cells. Staining of acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) and increase in the levels of LC3II and ATG7 were observed in AHA-treated cells. These findings suggested that AHA might be one of the active components with anti-cancer effects in Arisaema heterophyllum Blume. In conclusion, cytotoxicity of AHA on cancer cells might be related to its effects on apoptosis and autophagy through inhibition of PI3K/Akt pathway and induction of ER stress.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Agglutinins , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Arisaema , Chemistry , Autophagy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304311

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) and open pedicle screw fixation (OPSF) in the treatment of single level of thoracolumbar fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Databases including Pubmed, Embasem, CNKI were searched to collect clinical trials of the clinical safety and efficiency of PPSF and OPSF for single level of thoracolumbar unstable fracture, relevant proceedings and references were also retrieved manually. Studies from 1990 to 2014 that met the inclusion and exclusion standards were researched. The data were extracted and the methods from the studies were also evaluated. Data analysis was conducted with the Review Manager 5.3 software. Observation targets included operation time, intraoperative bleeding, postoperative bleeding, hospitalization time, the bed time, postoperative vertebral Cobb angle, vertebral body height, pain score and the length of incision operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen papers were finally studied, including 2 randomized controlled trials (RCT) and 13 case-control studies, involving 789 patients. Compared with OPSF, the PPSF in treating thoracolumbar fracture had shorter operation time, smaller operation incision, less intraoperative and postoperation bleeding, shorter hospitalization days, fewer pain (P<0.00001), the less improvement in the change of Cobb angle (P=0.0006). There was no significant difference in the improvement of vertebral body height (P=0.36), the bed time from operation to exercise (P=0.38) between OPSF and PPSF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with OPSF, PPSF is better, safer, and has fewer pain. But there is no evidence that the PPSF is better in the recovery of the spinal height, and they have the same effect in the long-term follow-up for thoracolumbar fractures. PPSF brines minimally invasive to patients with better effect. It is worth further study and clinical research.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286893

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of diallyl disulfide (DADS) on invasion and metastasis of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells and explore the possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MCF-7 cells treated with 100, 200, and 400 µmol/L of DADS for 24 h were examined for cell invasion and migration capacities using Transwell assay and wound healing assay, respectively. The protein expression of E-cadherin, vimentin, MMP-9 and p-p38 in the cells were detected with Western blotting. The effect of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) as the agonist of p38 activity was tested in antagonizing the effects of DADS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DADS inhibited the invasion and migration of MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner, down-regulated the protein expression of Vimentin and MMP-9 and up-regulated E-cadherin expression in the cells. Treatment with TGF-β1 to up-regulate p38 activity obviously antagonized the inhibitory effect of DADS on the invasion and metastasis of MCF-7 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DADS can inhibit the invasion and metastasis of MCF-7 cells in vitro by down-regulating p38 activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Allyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms , Pathology , Cadherins , Metabolism , Disulfides , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MAP Kinase Signaling System , MCF-7 Cells , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 11 , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Pharmacology , Vimentin , Metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the quality differences of medical material, raw decoction pieces, and processed products of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus. Methods: The raw decoction pieces and processed products were obtained from genuine medicinal materials of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus. The reasons for the quality differences were analyzed by comparing the contents of astragaloside IV, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, formononetin, total polysaccharides, saponins, and flavones. Results: With content analysis, the sequence was found as follows: astragaloside IV (medical material > raw decoction piece > honey-fried piece > alcohol-fried piece > salt-fried piece > fried piece); calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, formononetin, and total polysaccharides (medical material > raw decoction pieces > alcohol-fried piece > salt-fried piece > honey-fried piece > fried piece), total flavones (medical material > alcohol-fried piece > raw decoction pieces > salt-fried piece > honey-fried piece > fried piece), total saponins (medical material > honey-fried piece > raw decoction pieces > alcohol-fried piece > salt-fried piece > fried piece). Conclusion: The temperature and supplementary material may play the main roles for quality differences of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of angiotensin Ⅱ(Ang Ⅱ) perfusion on transmural heterogeneity of Cx43 expression in the rabbit model with acute myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR), and investigate the role of rennin-angiotensin system in malignant ventricular arrhythmia induced by MIR.@*METHODS@#Twenty rabbits were randomly divided into MIR group (n = 10) and Ang Ⅱ group (n = 10). MIR model was produced with traditional ligation and opening of the anterior descending coronary artery in all animal. The hearts in vitro in the MIR group and the Ang Ⅱ group were perfused with simply improved Tyrode's solution and containing Ang Ⅱ Tyrode's solution respectively. 90% monophasic action potential repolarization duration, transmural dispersion of repolarization, Cx43 protein (Cx43-pro) and mRNA (Cx43-Cq) expression in subepicardial, midmyocardial and subendocardial myocardium were measured in both groups. The greatest differences of Cx43-pro and Cx43-Cq among three myocardial layers were calculated and shown with ΔCx43-pro and ΔCx43-Cq respectively.@*RESULTS@#After Ang Ⅱ perfusion, 90% monophasic action potential repolarization duration among three myocardial layer were significantly prolonged (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01), and transmural dispersion of repolarization also significantly increased compared with the MIR group (P < 0.05). Compare with the MIR group, three myocardial Cx43-pro and Cx43-Cq expression in the Ang Ⅱ group were significantly decreased (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01), but ΔCx43-pro and ΔCx43-Cq were significant increased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Renin-angiotensin system increases transmural heterogeneity of Cx43 expression in the rabbit model with MIR by Ang Ⅱ, and enlarge transmural dispersion of repolarization among three myocardial layers of left ventricular which induces malignant ventricular arrhythmia.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect and mechanism of curcumin derivative B06 on kidney from rats with hyperlipidemia and type 2 diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty five male SD rats were randomly divided into five groups(n = 7): the normal control group, high-fat group, high-fat + B06-treatd group, diabetic group, diabetic + B06-treated group. After fed with high-fat diet for 4 weeks, the later two groups were in- jected with streptozotocin intraperitoneally to induce type 2 diabetes mellitus. B06-treated groups were given B06 by gavage at a dosage of 0.2 mg/kg . d for 8 weeks. After the treatment, the serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and uric acid were detected biochemically, the morphology of kidney was observed with light and transmission electron microscopy, the expression of collagen fibers was observed with Masson staining, the protein expression of collogen IV and fibronectin in kidney were determined by Immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was showed that the levels of the serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen elevated significantly in diabetic group. In high-fat and diabetic groups, increased glomerular mesangial matrix and collagen fiber and thicken glomerular basal membrane were observed under light microscopy, swelling and fusion of foot process were found under electron microscope; increased green matrix within glomeruli was observed under Masson staining. collogen IV and fibronectin protein expression were significantly enhanced in high-fat group and diabetic group. After B06's intervention, the levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were decreased in diabetic groups, the morphological change of kidney was obviously relieved, Collogen IV and fibronectin protein expression reduced.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Curcumin derivative B06 exerts a protective effect on kidney in type 2 diabetic rats, reduced expressions of collogen IV and fibronectin, inhibition of the accumulation of extracellular matrix and glomerular mesangial proliferation, and then prevention of renal fibrosis may be the mechanism.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Collagen Type IV , Metabolism , Creatinine , Blood , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibronectins , Metabolism , Kidney , Metabolism , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Uric Acid , Blood
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243429

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship between the expression of Survivin and Ki67 with prognosis of pancreatic endocrine tumors (PETs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemistry for Survivin and Ki67 was performed in 25 cases of normal pancreatic tissues and 81 cases of PETs by tissue microarrays and to observe the expression and evaluate the relationship with prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)The expression of Survivin and Ki67 in PETs was significantly higher than that in normal pancreatic tissues (P <0.01); (2)The expression of Survivin and Ki67 in PETs was correlated with tissue grading and the TNM-staging (P < 0.05), but not related with tumor size, location and functional status. In addition, the expression of nuclear Survivin was association with lymph node metastasis (P < 0.05). (3)The high expression of Ki67 was related with the expression of nuclear Survivin, but not related with the expression of cytoplasmic Survivin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Survivin and Ki67 were both expressed in PETs, which were closely related to the clinical pathological characteristics. They could be used as new indicators in the evaluation of prognosis of PETs. The expression of Survivin in nucleus had more diagnostic significance than that in cytoplasm, and that could be highly correlated with lymph node metastasis, which would be used as a new marker of poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Cytoplasm , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Prognosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330346

ABSTRACT

Persicae Semen (PS), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used for the syndrome of blood stasis in China since the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the present study, we developed an HPLC-UV fingerprint analysis method for the quality control of PS. The HPLC fingerprint was performed on Shimadzu Inertsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) at 35 degrees C. The mobile phases were composed of acetonitrile and water using a gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and the detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. The fingerprint method was validated according to the Guidelines for Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection Fingerprint, and applied to determine 41 batches representative herbs collected from Xinjiang of China. The chromatographic peaks were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and nine of them were identified by comparison with the literature and/or reference standards. In order to classify and assess the samples, hierarchical clustering analysis and partial least square discriminant analysis were performed based on the common chromatographic peaks, and the samples were geographically classified into two classes, with six chemical compounds as classification markers which were significantly different between the two classes (P < 0.05).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Prunus , Chemistry , Quality Control , Seeds , Chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236391

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect and mechanism of curcumin derivatives B06 on myocardium from type 2 diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, normal control group (NC group), high fat group (HF group), high fat treatment group (FT group), diabetes mellitus group (DM group) and diabetes treatment group (DT group) (n = 7). The late four groups were fed with high fat food, after four weeks of high fat feeding, the rats from DM group and DT group were injected with low dosage of streptozocin intraperitoneally to induce diabetes mellitus, FT group and DT group were gavaged with curcumin derivatives B06 at the dosage of 0.2 mg/kg x d. The blood glucose and lipid were detected biochemically, blood insulin was assayed by ELISA and the insulin resistance index was calculated, the morphology of myocardium was observed by light and transmission electron microscopy, the protein expression of AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (AMPKalpha) and phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase alpha (p-AMPKalpha) in myocardium were tested by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of blood glucose, lipid, insulin and the insulin resistance index were increased in HF group and DM group, but they were decreased after the treatment with B06. The expression of AMPKalpha and p-AMPKalpha were decreased, but they became increased after the treatment of B06. There were increased collagen fibers in interstitium and expansion of mitochondria in cytoplasm of myocardium from DM group, but they were ameliorated in B06 treatment group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is suggested that B06 may relieve the damage of myocardium from type 2 diabetic rats and the increased expression of AMPKalpha and p-AMPKalpha may be involved in it.</p>


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Animals , Blood Glucose , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Heart , Insulin Resistance , Male , Myocardium , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-450894

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical method and effect of ultrasonic osteotomy in mandibular angle reduction.Methods Under intronasal approach and general anesthesia,30 patients (5 male patients and 25 female patients) underwent intraoral prominent mandibular angle reductions with ultrasonic osteotomy.The jaw bone under periosteum was explored and the mental nerves protected.According to the clinical features of mandibular angle,curved mandibular angle osteotomy,mandible margin osteotomy or outer cotex splitting osteotomy were performed.Results All the osteotomy of prominent mandibular angle reductions could be completed with ultrasonic osteotomy.There were no complications of bleeding,nerve injury and malfracture happened.After 1 year following-up,the outlines of lower mandible were natural and concordant.Compared with traditional osteotomy devices,ultrasonic osteotomy was smoother and more precisely.Conclusions Ultrasonic osteotomy can improve the precise and safty of mandibular angle reduction.but compared with traditional osteotomy devices,it takes more time for osteotomy procedure.Surgeons need adapt to the different feeling and control methods.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of parecoxib on morphine dosage in patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) following thoracoscope-assisted thoracotomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A consecutive series of 100 patients undergoing thoracoscope-assisted thoracotomy were randomized into 5 groups and received PCA with morphine doses at 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 mg given in 200 ml saline (groups P(1), P(2), P(3), P(4), and P(5), respectively). Parecoxib (40 mg) was given in all the patients immediately before the operation, and the mixture (4-5 ml) of lidocaine and ropivacaine was administered into the 3 intercostal spaces upper and lower to the incision before chest closure. PCA was administered for each patient. The visual analogue scale (VAS) at rest and coughing and the respiratory functional parameters were recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, 36, and 48 h after the start of PCA, and the actual and effective button-pressing times (D(1)/D(2)) in PCA were also recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No patients showed signs of respiratory inhibition within 24 h after the operation, and the resting VAS was comparable between the groups within the initial 6 postoperative hours. At 8 to 24 h postoperatively, the VAS scores at rest and coughing were significantly higher in P(1) group than in the other groups (P<0.05), and no significant differences were found between the groups at 36 to 48 h. D(1)/D(2) in groups P(1) and P(2) were significantly different from those in the other 3 groups at 4-24 h, but no such difference was found between groups P(3), P(4), and P(5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The application of parecoxib may reduce the dosage of morphine in PCA following thoracoscope-assisted thoracotomy and results in good analgesic effect without affecting the patients respiratory function and sputum elimination.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Methods , Combined Modality Therapy , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Isoxazoles , Male , Middle Aged , Morphine , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Thoracoscopy , Thoracotomy , Methods , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 517-521, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the diagnostic methods and reasonable surgical interventions for the chronic obstructive pancreatitis due to the inflammatory lesions at the opening of the pancreatic duct.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2002 to November 2010 the data of 28 patients who were diagnosed as the chronic obstructive pancreatitis (COP) was retrospectively reviewed. Out of the 28 patients, it was analyzed that the clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods, surgical finding and surgical interventions of the 13 patients who were diagnosed as COP due to the inflammatory lesions at the opening of the pancreatic duct in the exploratory operation accompanying recurrent acute abdominal pain with increased serum amylase and lipase, dilation of entire pancreatic duct on imaging before surgery. The conditions included pain recrudescence, quality of life, pancreatic changes on imaging and the serum amylase and lipase after surgery were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the 13 patients had clinical manifestations of COP. However, 12 patients had different manifestations on imaging from those chronic pancreatitis imaging due to tumors at the duodenal papilla, ampulla or inner pancreatic duct. Via exploratory operation and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), there were short pancreaticobiliary common channel or pancreas divisum existing in most patients. There was no acute abdominal pain with the increased serum amylase and lipase in the 12 patients who receiving the transduodenal mastoid, ampulla and pancreatic ductal opening incision and plasty, the paramastoideus incision and plasty in the visit.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The imaging character of COP due to the inflammatory lesions at the opening of the pancreatic duct is the dilation of the pancreatic duct without the chronic obstruction in the bile duct. The patients with short pancreaticobiliary common channel or pancreas divisum easily suffer COP due to the stenosis of the pancreatic ductal opening caused by the duodenal mastoiditis or paramastoiditis. The local plasty surgery to correct the stenosis at the pancreatic ductal opening and improve the drainage of the pancreatic duct is an easy and effective management.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Ducts , Pathology , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 328-333, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239745

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the medical community's awareness and practice regarding delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and ten predesigned questionnaires were distributed to ICU practitioners in the affiliated hospitals of Zhejiang University.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 105 valid questionnaires were collected. Totally, 55.3% of the clinicians considered that delirium was common in the ICU. Delirium was believed to be a significant or serious problem by 70.5% of respondents, and under-diagnosis was acknowledged by 56.2% of the respondents. The incidence of ICU delirium is even more under-estimated by the pediatric doctors compared with their counterparts in adult ICU (P less than 0.05). Primary disease of the brain (agreed by 82.1% of the respondents) was believed to be the most common risk factor for delirium. None of the ICU professionals screened delirium or used a specific tool for delirium assessment routinely. The vast majority (92.4%) of respondents had little knowledge on the diagnosis and the standard treatment of delirium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Although delirium is considered as a serious problem by a majority of the surveyed ICU professionals, it is still under-recognized in routine critical care practice. Data from this survey show a disconnection between the perceived significance of delirium and the current practices of monitoring and treatment in ICU in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Attitude of Health Personnel , Delirium , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Humans , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL