Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 180
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 67-75, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adipogenesis and fibrogenesis can be considered as a competitive process in muscle, which may affect the intramuscular fat deposition. The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPb) plays an important role in adipogenesis, which is well-characterized in mice, but little known in bovine so far. RESULTS: In this study, real-time qPCR revealed that the level of C/EBPb was increased during the developmental stages of bovine and adipogenesis process of preadipocytes. Overexpression of C/EBPb promoted bovine fibroblast proliferation through mitotic clonal expansion (MCE), a necessary process for initiating adipogenesis, by significantly downregulating levels of p21 and p27 (p < 0.01). Also, the PPARc expression was inhibited during the MCE stage (p < 0.01). 31.28% of transfected fibroblasts adopted lipid-laden adipocyte morphology after 8 d. Real-time qPCR showed that C/EBPb activated the transcription of early stage adipogenesis markers C/EBPa and PPARc. Expression of ACCa, FASN, FABP4 and LPL was also significantly upregulated, while the expression of LEPR was weakened. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded C/EBPb can convert bovine fibroblasts into adipocytes without hormone induction by initiating the MCE process and promoting adipogenic genes expression, which may provide new insights into the potential functions of C/EBPb in regulating intramuscular fat deposition in beef cattle.


Subject(s)
Cattle/metabolism , Adipocytes/metabolism , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Clone Cells , Cell Proliferation , Adipogenesis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mitosis , Muscles
2.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 46-60, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Radical nephrectomy (RN) is the standard surgical type for pathological stage T3a (pT3a) renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recently, some studies have suggested equivalence between partial nephrectomy (PN) and RN for oncologic control and have shown the benefits of PN for better renal function. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess oncologic outcomes, perioperative outcomes and renal function between two groups among patients with pT3a RCC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar were searched for eligible articles. The endpoints of the final analysis included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), surgical complications, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Results: Twelve studies of moderate to high quality, including 14.152 patients, were examined. PN showed superiority for renal functional preservation, providing higher eGFR (WMD=12.48mL/min; 95%CI: 10.28 to 14.67; P <0.00001) and lower serum creatinine (WMD=-0.31mg/dL; 95%CI: −0.40 to −0.21; P <0.00001). There were no significant differences between PN and RN regarding operative time, EBL, surgical complications, OS, RFS and CSS. Despite inherent selection bias, most pooled estimates were consistent in sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis. More positive margins were found in the PN group (RR=2.42; 95%CI: 1.25-4.68; P=0.009). Conclusions: PN may be more suitable for treating pT3a RCC than RN because it provides a similar survival time (OS or RFS) and superior renal function. Nevertheless, this result is still disputed, and more high-quality studies are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Margins of Excision , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Nephrectomy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
5.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 354-357, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876563

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) infection in sentinel surveillance in Liaoning Province from 2015 to 2019, in order to provide evidence for the precise prevention and control of HCV.@*Methods@#The HCV sentinel surveillance data of 5 kinds of populations, including dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, family planning outpatients, people receiving physical examination and unpaid blood donators in Liaoning Province from 2015 to 2019 were retrieved, and the HCV positive rates of different years, gender and age groups in the five populations were analyzed. @*Results@#There were 26 000 persons surveyed and 61 HCV positive cases were detected from 2015 to 2019. The HCV positive rate was 0.23%. The HCV positive rates of dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, family planning outpatients, people receiving physical examination and unpaid blood donators were 0.40%, 0.70%, 0.25%, 0.24% and 0.14%, respectively. The HCV positive rates of dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, and unpaid blood donators had significant downward trends ( P<0.05 ). The HCV positive rates of males and females were 0.22% and 0.26%, without any significant difference ( P>0.05 ). The HCV positive rate of people aged above 70 years old was 1.15%, the highest among different age groups. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of HCV infection among the patients with hemodialysis and with invasive diagnosis and treatment is relatively high. The level of HCV antibody of older age groups should be monitored regularly.

6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(10): 617-623, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Acupuncture has been widely used for alleviating pain. However, its mechanisms remain largely enigmatic. Objective: In the present study, we focused on whether the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture is related to its regulation on adenosine and substance P expression. Methods: We established chronic inflammatory pain model in rats through a single injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant, and then we treated animals using daily electroacupuncture. We applied seven bilateral sessions of electroacupuncture (ST36 and BL60, 0.5 to 1.5 mA, initial strength of 0.5 mA, increased by 0.5 mA every 10 minutes, for 30 minutes per session, one section per day) to Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats for seven days. The analgesic effect of electroacupuncture was evaluated by measuring paw withdrawal threshold in rats that received mechanical and thermal stimulation. Results: Daily electroacupuncture stimulation effectively increased paw withdrawal threshold in Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats. Electroacupuncture increased the adenosine level in zusanli. A further study showed that electroacupuncture could decrease substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and CD68 levels in dorsal root ganglion. Interestingly, direct injection of adenosine A1 or substance P receptor antagonists, or dorsal nerve root transection could significantly impair electroacupuncture induced analgesic actions in Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats could and reduce the levels of substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and CD68. Finally, we confirmed that direct injection of adenosine A1 receptor agonist replicated the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture. Conclusion: Our results indicate regulation of adenosine-mediated substance P secretion. Substance P-mediated pathway may be involved in the analgesia process by electroacupuncture in rats.


RESUMO Introdução: A acupuntura tem sido amplamente utilizada para alívio de dor. No entanto, seus mecanismos são muito pouco conhecidos. Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre o efeito analgésico da eletroacupuntura e a regulação da expressão de adenosina e de substância P. Métodos: Utilizou-se um modelo de dor inflamatória crônica em ratos por injeção única do Adjuvante Completo de Freund e, em seguida, os animais foram tratados com eletroacupuntura diariamente. Foram aplicadas sete sessões bilaterais de eletroacupuntura (ST36 e BL60, 0,5 a 1,5 mA, força inicial de 0,5 mA, aumentada em 0,5 mA a cada 10 minutos, 30 minutos por sessão, uma sessão por dia) em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund, por sete dias. O efeito analgésico da eletroacupuntura foi avaliado pela medida do limiar de retirada da pata em ratos que receberam estimulações mecânica e térmica. Resultados: A estimulação diária com eletroacupuntura aumentou efetivamente o limiar de retirada da pata em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund. A eletroacupuntura aumentou o nível de adenosina na região zusanli. Estudos posteriores mostraram que a eletroacupuntura poderia diminuir os níveis de substância P, receptor de neurocinina-1, fator de necrose tumoral-alpha, interleucina-1β, interleucina-6 e CD68 nos gânglios da raiz dorsal. Curiosamente, a injeção direta de antagonistas do receptor de adenosina A1 ou de substância P, ou a transecção da raiz do nervo dorsal, podem prejudicar significativamente as ações analgésicas induzidas pela eletroacupuntura em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund e reduzir os níveis de substância P, receptor de neurocinina-1, fator de necrose tumoral-alfa, interleucina-1β, interleucina-6 e CD68. Por fim, confirmamos que a injeção direta de um agonista do receptor da adenosina A1 reproduziu os efeitos analgésicos da eletroacupuntura. Conclusão: Nossos resultados indicam a regulação da secreção da substância P mediada pela adenosina. A via mediada pela substância P pode estar envolvida no processo de analgesia por eletroacupuntura em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Substance P/chemistry , Electroacupuncture , Adenosine/chemistry , Pain , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1200-1203, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875774

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a method for the determination of furans in tea by headspace-gas chromatographic mass spectrometry. @*Methods@#The 20% sodium chloride solution and isotope internal standards were added to the crushed and weighed tea sample. Furan, 2-methylfuran, 3-methylfuran, 2,5-dimethylfuran were separated by HP-PLOT Q capillary column and then determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry with electron impact ionization mode.@*Results@# In the range of 5-400 ng, good linear relationships were observed in the four furan compounds, with the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.999 2 to 0.999 6. The detection limits ranged from 0.2 to 1.9 μg/kg, the quantification limit ranged from 0.4 to 3.1 μg/kg. The recovery rates of furans ranged from 95.4% to 128.2% when spiked at 5.0, 20.0 and 100.0 μg/kg, and the relative standard deviations ranged from 0.8% to 11.3%. Eighty-one tea samples were determined, the concentration of four furan compounds was highest in black tea, followed by dark tea, oolong tea, green tea and scented tea. @*Conclusion@# Headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry can reduce the matrix interference of tea, and meet the requirements in the linear range, recovery and precision, which is suitable for simultaneous determination of four furan compounds in tea.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach is the most commonly used surgical approach for total hip arthroplasty. In recent years, total hip replacement by direct anterior approach has been applied in clinic gradually, and has achieved good treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of the direct anterior approach in supine position and the posterolateral approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty at Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital from April 2015 to April 2019 were included, including 35 males and 55 females, aged 35-70 years. The patients were divided into direct anterior approach group (n=45) and posterolateral approach group (n=45) by the random number table method. Postoperative follow-up was used to evaluate the Harris hip scores, Visual Analogue Scale scores, initial fixation mass of prosthesis and safe range of the cup. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Ninety patients were followed up for 3-51 months, with an average 14 months. There were 2 cases of intraoperative great trochanteric fracture, 1 case of femoral lateral cutaneous nerve injury, 4 cases of femoral nerve injury, and 20 cases of tensor fascia lata injury. No such complications occurred in the posterolateral approach group. (2) The direct anterior approach group showed significant superior outcomes compared with the posterolateral approach group in the Harris hip scores and Visual Analogue Scale scores at 1 month after surgery (P 0.05). (3) In the direct anterior approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 44 hips was in neutral position, and 1 hip was in varus position. The initial fixation quality of all prosthesis was excellent. In the posterolateral approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 43 hips was in neutral position, 2 hips were in varus position and all prosthesis initial fixation quality was excellent. No significant difference was found between two groups (P > 0.05). (4) The ratio of acetabular cups in the safety range of Lewinnek in the direct anterior approach group was higher than that in the posterolateral approach group (100%, 82%, P < 0.05). (5) These results imply that compared with the posterolateral approach, direct anterior approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty can significantly reduce postoperative pain, promote postoperative early rapid recovery, obtain more accurate angle of the acetabular prosthesis, and be more conducive to the equalization of both lower limbs. It is a safe and reliable approach. However, direct anterior approach has certain technical difficulty and needs a learning curve. And there are some complications different from other approaches.

9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8960, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089336

ABSTRACT

This research aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of microRNA (miR)-106b in cell apoptosis of atherosclerosis (AS). Human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were divided into control group, oxidized-low-density lipoproteins (ox-LDL) group, miR-106b NC+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+ox-LDL group, miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL group, and miR-106b mimics+empty+ox-LDL group. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, cholecystokinin, TdT-mediated biotinylated nick end-labeling assay, luciferase reporter gene assay, and flow cytometry analysis were performed to determine the morphology, proliferation, and apoptosis in HSECs. Moreover, the levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), Bcl-2, p-P13K, and p-AKT in HAECs were detected by western blot. MiR-106b was down-regulated in ox-LDL-induced HAECs. PTEN was the target gene of miR-106b-5p. Overexpression of PTEN inhibited the anti-apoptotic effect of miR-106b. Compared with the control group, the proportion and number of HAECs apoptosis and Bax, caspase-3, and caspase-9 expression in ox-LDL and miR-106b mimics+PTEN+ox-LDL groups were significantly increased (all P<0.05). Moreover, the activity of HAECs and Bcl-2 were decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-106b in ox-LDL-induced AS inhibited endothelial cell apoptosis. Furthermore, miR-106b might activate the PI3K/AKT pathway by down-regulating the expression of PTEN in ox-LDL-induced HAECs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Lipoproteins, LDL/genetics , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fluorescence , Lipoproteins, LDL/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 235-238, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between cyberbullying and depression in college students, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention of cyberbullying.@*Methods@#A total of 3 914 college students from 6 universities in Shanxi Province were selected as research objects. The students’ cyberbullying behavior scale and depression self-rating scale were used to investigate the students.@*Results@#The overall reported rate of cyberbullying among college students was 17.4%. Boys who suffered from online verbal bullying and online fraud scored higher than girls. Students whose parents divorced scored higher than those whose parents did not divorce in all dimensions of cyber-bullying. There was a statistically significant difference in the overall scores of students with different degrees of education and time spent online( P <0.05). Depression was reported in 15.6% of participants. The depression scores of female students were higher than that of male students.College students whose parents were divorced had higher depression scores than those whose parents were not divorced.There were statistically significant differences in depression scores among college students with different fathers’ education levels and different time spent online every day( t / F =2.05, 6.64, 3.91 , 19.52, P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that online speech bullying, online fraud and identity concealment bullying were positively correlated with depression scores( r s =0.40, 0.36, 0.46, P <0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that three forms of cyberbullying were risk factors for the increase of depression in college students( β =0.89, 0.38, 0.38, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cyber-bullying is one of the risk factors for increasing the severity of depression among college students.Strengthening the management of Internet use, promotion college students’ interpersonal conununication and active cooperating between society, school and family are great significance to reduce the occurrence of cyberbullying.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 9-16, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of keto acid (KA) supplements on Chinese patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of KA supplementation on nutritional status, inflammatory markers, and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) parameters in a cohort of Chinese patients with MHD without malnutrition.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center clinical study conducted in 2011 till 2014. Twenty-nine patients with MHD were randomly assigned to a control (n = 14) or a KA (n = 15) group. The control group maintained a dietary protein intake of 0.9 g/kg/day. The KA group received additional KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day). BIA was used to determine the lean tissue mass, adipose tissue mass, and body cell mass. The patients' nutritional status, dialysis adequacy, and biochemical parameters were assessed at the ends of the third and sixth months with t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test.@*RESULTS@#The daily total energy intake for both groups was about 28 kcal/kg/day. After 6 months, the Kt/V (where K is the dialyzer clearance of urea, t is the dialysis time, and V is the volume of the distribution of urea) was 1.33 ± 0.25 in KA group, and 1.34 ± 0.25 in the control group. The median triceps skin-fold thickness in KA group was 12.00 and 9.00 mm in the control group. In addition, the median hand-grip strength in KA group was 21.10 and 25.65 kg in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the anthropometry parameters, dialysis adequacy, serum calcium and phosphorus levels, inflammatory markers, and amino-acid profiles, or in relation to the parameters determined by BIA. Both groups achieved dialysis adequacy and maintained nutritional status during the study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this cohort of Chinese patients with MHD, the patients in the control group whose dietary protein intake was 0.9 g/kg/day and total energy intake was 28 kcal/kg/day, maintained well nutritional status during study period. The KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day) did not improve the essential amino acid/non-essential amino acid ratio, nor did it change the patients' mineral metabolism, inflammatory parameters, or body compositions.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1024, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans.@*METHODS@#We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed.@*RESULTS@#Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8% to 99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6% to 87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Tomography, X-Ray , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 961-964, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823153

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Although the number of injury deaths among child and adolescent has been decreasing during recent years, it is still one of the main threats to the health of children and adolescents, and is a major global public health issue. This editorial aims to explore main risk factors related to injury occurrence in various stages of early life, to identify key preventive interventions following the physical and mental development characteristics of children and adolescents, and to connect within different life stages. To reduce the occurrence of injuries effectively and promote the health of children and adolescents.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 535-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821412

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To to describe the prevalence of cyberbullying and its relation with suicide among college students in Taiyuan,and to provide scientific basis for promoting the physical and mental health of teenagers.@*Methods@#Using the method of multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling, a total of 4 012 people were randomly selected from 2 colleges (departments) in sophomore and junior years of 6 universities in Shanxi Province during May to Jul.2018, and the survey contents included basic demographic characteristics, internet usage, cyber bullying, and suicide behavior.@*Results@#The total report rate of cyberbullying among college students was 19.42%, among which the report rates of cyberbullying vicitimization cyberbullying and both cyberbulling penetration and victimization were 1.60%,11.49% and 6.16%(247/4 012), respectively.The overall reported rate of suicidal behavior was 10.87%(436/4 012).Logistic analysis indicated that cyberbullying victimization,as well as cyberbulling penetration and victimization were risk factors for suicidal behavior(OR=1.82,2.97,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Cyberbullying behaviors of college students, especially those who suffer from cyberbullying or the simultaneous implementation and suffering of cyberbullying, may increase the risk of suicide. Therefore, while reducing the occurrence of cyberbullying, we should pay more attention to the mental health of students suffering from cyberbullying and reduce the occurrence of health-risk behaviors such as suicide.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 506-509, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821398

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between childhood maltreatment and suicide ideation of college students,so as to provide basis for physical and mental health of college students.@*Methods@#Students from 6 universities in Shanxi Province(3 854 college students provided eligible questionniare for childhood abuse and 3 882 for suicidal ideation) were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling from May to July 2018, the Chinese Version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale were used in the survey.@*Results@#Of all subjects,42.4% had at least one kind of abuse experience in childhood and 3.9% had suicidal ideation in the past week. By chi square test,the detection rate of suicidal ideation of college students who suffered physical abuse,emotional abuse,sexual abuse,physical neglect,emotional neglect in childhood was higher than that of college students without maltreatment (χ2=13.78,12.97,17.10,56.56,66.58,P<0.01);Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between each type of maltreatment in childhood and college students’ suicidal ideation(r=0.06,0.06,0.07,0.12,0.13,P<0.01);Multivariate Logistic regression model found that after controlling other influencing factors,physical neglect and emotional neglect in childhood were independent risk factors for suicide ideation of college students (OR=2.18,2.07,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Physical neglect and emotional neglect in childhood can increase the risk of college students’ suicidal ideation. Paying enough attention and care to them in early childhood may help to prevent their suicidal ideation in adulthood.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815550

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between childhood abuse and cyberbullying among college students and to provide theoretical support for early intervention of cyberbullying among college students.@*Methods@#A total of 3 850 sophomores and juniors from 6 universities in Shanxi Province, randomly selected by stratified cluster sampling method, were investigated by using the Questionnaire on Cyberbullying and the Chinese Version of the Child Abuse Questionnaire.@*Results@#Male students reported higher rates of sexual abuse, emotional neglect and physical neglect than female students(χ2=5.22, 4.39, 7.53 P<0.05). The child abuse report rate of college students whose parents divorced was higher than that of those whose parents were not divorced(χ2=86.80, 134.06, 130.18, 175.64, 118.46,P<0.05). In addition to physical neglect, childhood abuse rate of only children was higher than that of non-only children, with statistically significant differences(χ2=9.44, 12.44, 21.18, 21.26, all P<0.05). The scores of all factors and total scores of cyberbullying implemented by male students were higher than those by female students(t=9.35, 5.59, 5.83, 7.57,P<0.05); the scores of all factors and total scores of cyberbullying implemented by only-child students were higher than those by non-only-child students(t=2.79, 3.74, 4.78, 4.40,P<0.05); the scores of all factors and total scores of cyberbullying implemented by students whose parents were divorced were higher than those by students whose parents were not divorced, with statistically significant differences(t=6.99,6.78, 8.04,11.33, P<0.05). Multiple linear regression model showed that there was a positive correlation between the childhood abuse of college students and the implementation of cyberbullying, and regression coefficient differences of all factors were statistically significant(β=0.10, 0.11, 0.05, 10.08,0.06, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Childhood abuse experiences increase the risk of college students practicing cyberbullying.

17.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2019 May; 85(3): 258-265
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-192490

ABSTRACT

Background: Autologous melanocyte transplantation plays an important role in the treatment of vitiligo. Objective: Previous studies have indicated that, compared with melanocytes growing in monolayers, melanocyte spheroids have a better survival in growth factor- and serum-deprived conditions. Methods: Melanocyte spheroids were obtained from human epidermis by repetitive long-term trypsinization and maintained an aggregated morphology for a short period in certain conditions. Results: Melanocyte spheroids were capable of growing into normal dendritic melanocytes in monolayer when they were harvested and reinoculated in 24-well plates. Immunohistochemical analysis of the melanocyte spheroids revealed that they were positive for HMB45, a melanosome-specific marker. No melanomas occurred when melanocyte spheroids were transplanted into mice. Conclusion: Our study provides a promising approach for melanocyte transplantation to treat vitiligo.

18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(3): 404-409, Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003052

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the expression of Id-1 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and explore its correlation with the clinical pathological parameters of colorectal cancer. METHODS: The Id-1 mRNA and protein expression levels of 50 specimens of normal colorectal tissues and 50 specimens of colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues were detected using reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blot. Furthermore, Id-1 protein was detected using immunohistochemistry. The correlation between the expression of Id-1 and clinicopathologic features was analyzed. RESULTS: The mRNA expression level of Id-1 in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues and normal colorectal tissues was 0.96 ± 0.03 vs. 0.20 ± 0.04, respectively; and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.011). Furthermore, Id-1 protein expression was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (0.82 ± 0.04 vs. 0.31 ± 0.02, P=0.020). In addition, the positive protein expression rate of Id-1 was higher in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues than in normal colorectal tissues (72.00% vs. 24.00%, X2=23.431, P=0.000). The expression of Id-1 was correlated with the depth of tumor invasion, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, vessel invasion, and liver metastasis (P<0.01). However, this expression was not correlated with tumor size and differentiation degrees (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The high Id-1 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma tissues play an important role in the process of cancer, and is expected to become a new tumor monitoring indicator for clinical diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis judgment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é investigar a expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal em humanos e investigar sua correlação com os parâmetros patológicos clínicos de câncer colorretal. MÉTODOS: Os níveis de expressão de proteína e mRNA Id-1 em 50 amostras de tecido colorretal normal e 50 amostras de tecido de adenocarcinoma colorretal foram detectados através de reação em cadeia de polimerase precedida de transcrição reversa e western blot. Além disso, a proteína Id-1 foi detectada através de imuno-histoquímica. A correlação entre a expressão de Id-1 e características clínico-patológicas foi analisada. RESULTADOS: O nível de expressão de mRNA Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal e tecidos colorretais normais foi de 0,96 ± 0,03 versus 0,20 ± 0,04, respectivamente; a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P= 0,011). Além disso, a expressão da proteína Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (0,82 ± 0,04 versus 0,31 ± 0,02, P= 0,020). Além disso, a taxa de expressão positiva de proteínas Id-1 foi maior em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal do que em tecidos colorretais normais (72,00% vs. 24,00%, X2=23,431, p=0,000). A expressão de Id-1 foi correlacionada com a profundidade da invasão tumoral, estágio TNM, metástases linfonodais, invasão vascular e metástase hepática (P<0,01). Todavia, essa expressão não se correlacionou com o tamanho do tumor e graus de diferenciação (P>0,05). CONCLUSÃO: A alta expressão de Id-1 em tecidos de adenocarcinoma colorretal desempenham um importante papel no processo do câncer, e é esperado que se torne um novo indicador de monitoramento de tumores para o diagnóstico clínico, tratamento e estimativa de prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Inhibitor of Differentiation Protein 1/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719709

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Determine the frequency and prognostic value of circulating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA copy number in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) patients who were treated with dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin (DA-EPOCH) regimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty newly-diagnosed AITL patients were retrospectively enrolled in the present study. All patients were treated with DA-EPOCH regimen. RESULTS: Twenty-two subjects (36.7%) had a EBV DNA-positive test at diagnosis. EBV DNA‒positive patients were associated with lower lymphocyte-monocyte ratio (p=0.024). Median follow-up was 40 months (range, 14 to 100 months). The overall response rate for all the 60 AITL patents were 71.7% (95% confidence interval [CI], 58.6 to 82.5) with 3-year progressive-free survival (PFS) rate of 30.9%±6.1% and overall survival (OS) rate of 60.1%±6.6%. Not only did PFS estimation differ between the EBV DNA‒positive and EBV DNA‒negative group (hazard ratio [HR], 2.24; 95% CI, 1.15 to 4.35; p=0.006), but also worse OS was observed in the pretreatment EBV DNA‒positive group than in the EBV DNA‒negative group (HR, 2.74; 95% CI, 1.22 to 6.19; p=0.006). EBV DNA test positivity was independent prognostic marker for both PFS (HR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.17 to 4.00; p=0.014) and OS (HR, 3.24; 95% CI, 1.48 to 7.11; p=0.004) after adjusting International Prognostic Index and prognostic index for AITL score. Reduction in EBV copies was significantly associated with therapy-response. CONCLUSION: Circulating EBV DNA level was an important prognostic and monitoring marker for AITL patients who treated with DA-EPOCH regimens which cannot improve outcomes for AITL patients.


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , DNA , Doxorubicin , Etoposide , Follow-Up Studies , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes , Vincristine
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824330

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction combined with glutamine for treatment of patients with sepsis complicated with paralytic ileus. Methods Sixty patients with septic ileus admitted to the Department of Emergency Intensive Care Unit (EICU) of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from August 2017 to January 2019 were enrolled. The Western medicine treatment group (30 cases) received routine Western medical methods including intravenous drip of glutamine, etc. for symptomatic treatment, and the Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction group (30 cases), based on the treatment in the Western medicine group, were additionally given the decoction by nasal feeding and retention enema twice a day, once 100 mL with the course of 7 days in both groups. The herbal prescription of Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction contained rhubarb 24 g (decocted later), sodium sulfate 15 g (mixed with water to take), magnoliae cortex 15 g, orange frui 10 g, aucklandiae 10 g, henan achyranthes root 10 g and radish seed 15 g, constituting one dose, two doses one day given to a patient, making one dose of herbal medicine to 200 mL of decoction for nasal feeding and retention enema, once 100 mL respectively, twice a day for 7 days. After treatment, the changes of survival rate in ICU, the total effective rate and the level of procalcitonin (PCT) were observed in both groups. Results After treatment, the total effective rate in Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction group was significantly higher than that in the Western medicine treatment group [83.33% (25/30) vs. 66.67% (20/30), P < 0.05], and the ICU 7-day survival rate in Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction group was also significantly higher than that in Western medicine treatment group [90.00% (27/30) vs. 76.67% (23/30), P < 0.05]. After treatment, the levels of PCT (μg/L) in both groups were significantly decreased compared with those before the treatment (Western medicine treatment group: 3.38±1.72 vs. 6.43±3.29, and Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction group: 2.39±1.24 vs. 6.78±2.31, both P < 0.05), and the degree of decrease of PCT in radish seed chengqi decoction group was more obvious than that in Western medicine treatment group (μg/L: 2.39±1.24 vs. 3.38±1.72, P < 0.05). Conclusion Applying alanyl glutamine combined with Radish Seed Chengqi Decoction for treatment of patients with sepsis complicated with paralytic ileus can significantly improve the clinical symptoms, reduce the PCT level and elevate the survival rate of patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL