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1.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(1): 15-25, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360558

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a highly selective alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonist, which is the main sedative in the intensive care unit. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and adverse events of DEX in maintaining hemodynamic stability in pediatric cardiac surgery. Sources: Databases such as PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, WANFANG STATA and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for articles about the application of DEX in maintaining hemodynamic stability during and after pediatric cardiac surgery up to 18th Feb. 2021. Only randomized controlled trials were included and random-effects model meta-analysis was applied to calculate the standardized mean deviation (SMD), odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Summary of the findings: Fifteen articles were included for this meta-analysis, and 9 articles for qualitative analysis. The results showed that preoperative prophylaxis and postoperative recovery of DEX in pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery were effective in maintaining systolic blood pressure (SBP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and reducing heart rate (HR) (SBP: SMD = -0.35,95% CI: -0.72, 0.01; MAP: SMD = -0.83, 95% CI: -1.87,0.21; DBP: SMD = -0.79,95% CI: -1.66,0.08; HR: SMD = -1.71,95% CI: -2.29, -1.13). In addition, the frequency of Junctional Ectopic Tachycardia in the DEX treatment group was lower than that in the placebo group. Conclusions: The application of DEX for preoperative prophylaxis and postoperative recovery in pediatric cardiac surgery patients are effective in maintaining hemodynamic stability, and the clinical dose of DEX is not significantly related to the occurrence of pediatric adverse events which may be related to individual differences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Dexmedetomidine/adverse effects , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Blood Pressure , Hemodynamics , Hypnotics and Sedatives/adverse effects
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928563

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical treatment outcomes and the changes of the outcomes over time in extremely preterm twins in Guangdong Province, China.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 269 pairs of extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks who were admitted to the department of neonatology in 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province from January 2008 to December 2017. According to the admission time, they were divided into two groups: 2008-2012 and 2013-2017. Besides, each pair of twins was divided into the heavier infant and the lighter infant subgroups according to birth weight. The perinatal data of mothers and hospitalization data of neonates were collected. The survival rate of twins and the incidence rate of complications were compared between the 2008-2012 and 2013-2017 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of severe asphyxia and smaller head circumference at birth (P<0.05). The mortality rates of both of the twins, the heavier infant of the twins, and the lighter infant of the twins were lower in the 2013-2017 group compared with the 2008-2012 group (P<0.05). Compared with the 2008-2012 group, the 2013-2017 group (both the heavier infant and lighter infant subgroups) had lower incidence rates of pulmonary hemorrhage, patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (P-IVH), and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and a higher incidence rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant increase in the survival rate over time in extremely preterm twins with a gestational age of <28 weeks in the 26 grade A tertiary hospitals in Guangdong Province. The incidences of severe asphyxia, pulmonary hemorrhage, PDA, P-IVH, and NRDS decrease in both the heavier and lighter infants of the twins, but the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia increases. With the improvement of diagnosis and treatment, the multidisciplinary collaboration between different fields of fetal medicine including prenatal diagnosis, obstetrics, and neonatology is needed in the future to jointly develop management strategies for twin pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant , Infant, Extremely Premature , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927992

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rg_1, one of the main active components of precious traditional Chinese medicine Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma, has the anti-oxidative stress, anti-inflammation, anti-aging, neuroprotection, and other pharmacological effects. Diabetic retinopathy(DR), the most common complication of diabetes, is also the main cause of impaired vision and blindness in the middle-aged and the elderly. The latest research shows that ginsenoside Rg_1 can protect patients against DR, but the protection and the mechanism are rarely studied. This study mainly explored the protective effect of ginsenoside Rg_1 against DR in type 2 diabetic mice and the mechanism. High fat diet(HFD) and streptozotocin(STZ) were used to induce type 2 diabetes in mice, and hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was employed to observe pathological changes in the retina of mice. The immunohistochemistry was applied to study the localization and expression of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptors 3(NLRP3) and vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) in retina, and Western blot was used to detect the expression of nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB), p-NF-κB, NLRP3, caspase-1, interleukin-1β(IL-1β), transient receptor potential channel protein 6(TRPC6), nuclear factor of activated T-cell 2(NFAT2), and VEGF in retina. The results showed that ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly alleviated the pathological injury of retina in type 2 diabetic mice. Immunohistochemistry results demonstrated that ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly decreased the expression of NLRP3 and VEGF in retinal ganglion cells, middle plexiform layer, and outer plexiform layer in type 2 diabetic mice. According to the Western blot results, ginsenoside Rg_1 significantly lowered the expression of p-NF-κB, NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1β, TRPC6, NFAT2, and VEGF in retina of type 2 diabetic mice. These findings suggest that ginsenoside Rg_1 can significantly alleviate DR in type 2 diabetic mice, which may be related to inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome and VEGF. This study provides experimental evidence for the clinical application of ginsenoside Rg_1 in the treatment of DR.


Subject(s)
Aged , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/genetics , Diabetic Retinopathy/genetics , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , Mice , Middle Aged , NF-kappa B/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(4): 615-623, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345223

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Doenças cardiovasculares são a principal causa de morte na China. Entretanto, os esforços atuais para se identificar os fatores de risco de morte em pacientes hospitalizados com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) estão direcionados principalmente para a mortalidade durante a internação e a mortalidade após 30 dias nos Estados Unidos. Dessa forma, é necessário um modelo semelhante ao modelo utilizado para prever o risco considerado para procedimentos cirúrgicos cardiovasculares em pacientes para avaliar o risco de pacientes internados com diagnóstico de IC. Objetivo Identificar variáveis que podem prever a mortalidade por IC um ano após a alta hospitalar, e desenvolver um escore de risco para avaliar o risco de morte no período de um ano. Métodos No presente estudo, 1.742 pacientes chineses com IC foram divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: um grupo de amostra de derivação e um grupo de amostra de teste. O método de simulação Monte Carlo via Cadeias de Markov foi usado para identificar variáveis que podem prever a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar. Variáveis com uma frequência >1% na análise bivariada, e que foram consideradas clinicamente significativas, foram qualificadas para análises de modelagens posteriores. A probabilidade posterior de que uma variável estava estatística e significativamente associada ao resultado foi calculada como o número total de vezes em que o IC de 95% da variável não coincidiu com 1 (ou seja, o ponto de referência), dividido pelo número total de iterações. Uma variável com uma probabilidade de 0,9 ou mais alta foi considerado um fator de risco robusto para prever o resultado, e foi incluída na lista final de variáveis. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi 5%. Resultados Cinco variáveis que pudessem prever de maneira robusta a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar foram identificadas: idade, sexo feminino, escore da New York Heart Association (Associação de Cardiologia de Nova Iorque) >3, diâmetro do átrio esquerdo, e índice de massa corporal. Os modelos de derivação e de teste tiveram uma área de curva característica de operação do receptor de 0,79. Essas variáveis selecionadas foram utilizadas para avaliar o escore de risco de mortalidade por IC após um ano, e este foi dividido em três grupos (baixo, moderado e alto). O grupo de alto risco corresponde a aproximadamente 86% das mortes, e o grupo de risco moderado corresponde a 12% das mortes. Conclusão Um escore de risco de 5 variáveis simples pode ser utilizado para avaliar a mortalidade um ano após a alta hospitalar de pacientes internados com IC.


Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in China. However, present efforts to identify the risk factors for death in patients hospitalized with heart failure (HF) are primarily focused on in-hospital mortality and 30-day mortality in the United States. Thus, a model similar to the model used for predicting the risk in patients considered for cardiovascular surgical procedures is needed to evaluate the risk of the patients admitted with a diagnosis of HF. Objective To identify variables that can predict post-discharge one-year HF mortality and develop a risk score to assess the risk of dying within one year. Methods In the present study, 1,742 Chinese patients with HF were randomly divided into two groups: a derivation sample group and a test sample group. A Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation method was used to identify variables that can predict the one-year post-discharge mortality. Variables with a frequency of >1% in the bivariate analysis and that were considered clinically meaningful were eligible for further modeling analyses. The posterior probability that a variable was statistically and significantly associated with the outcome was calculated as the total number of times that the variable's 95% CI did not overlap with 1 (i.e., the reference point) divided by the total number of iterations. A variable with a probability of 0.9 or higher was considered a robust risk factor for predicting the outcome, and this was included in the final variable list. The level of statistical significance adopted was 5%. Results Five variables that could robustly predict the one-year post-discharge mortality were identified: age, female gender, New York Heart Association functional classification score >3, left atrial diameter, and body mass index. Both derivation and test models had a receiver operating curve area of 0.79. These selected variables were used to assess the one-year HF mortality risk score, and these were divided into three groups (low, moderate, and high). The high-risk group corresponds to nearly 86% of the deaths, while the moderate group corresponds to 12% of the deaths. Conclusion A simple 5-variable risk score can be used to assess the one-year post-discharge mortality of hospitalized Chinese patients with HF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Patient Discharge , Heart Failure , Prognosis , United States , China/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Aftercare , Risk Assessment , Hospitalization
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 67-75, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283594

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adipogenesis and fibrogenesis can be considered as a competitive process in muscle, which may affect the intramuscular fat deposition. The CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein beta (C/EBPb) plays an important role in adipogenesis, which is well-characterized in mice, but little known in bovine so far. RESULTS: In this study, real-time qPCR revealed that the level of C/EBPb was increased during the developmental stages of bovine and adipogenesis process of preadipocytes. Overexpression of C/EBPb promoted bovine fibroblast proliferation through mitotic clonal expansion (MCE), a necessary process for initiating adipogenesis, by significantly downregulating levels of p21 and p27 (p < 0.01). Also, the PPARc expression was inhibited during the MCE stage (p < 0.01). 31.28% of transfected fibroblasts adopted lipid-laden adipocyte morphology after 8 d. Real-time qPCR showed that C/EBPb activated the transcription of early stage adipogenesis markers C/EBPa and PPARc. Expression of ACCa, FASN, FABP4 and LPL was also significantly upregulated, while the expression of LEPR was weakened. CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded C/EBPb can convert bovine fibroblasts into adipocytes without hormone induction by initiating the MCE process and promoting adipogenic genes expression, which may provide new insights into the potential functions of C/EBPb in regulating intramuscular fat deposition in beef cattle.


Subject(s)
Cattle/metabolism , Adipocytes/metabolism , CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-beta/metabolism , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Clone Cells , Cell Proliferation , Adipogenesis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mitosis , Muscles
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 46-60, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134331

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Radical nephrectomy (RN) is the standard surgical type for pathological stage T3a (pT3a) renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Recently, some studies have suggested equivalence between partial nephrectomy (PN) and RN for oncologic control and have shown the benefits of PN for better renal function. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess oncologic outcomes, perioperative outcomes and renal function between two groups among patients with pT3a RCC. Materials and methods: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar were searched for eligible articles. The endpoints of the final analysis included overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), surgical complications, operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Results: Twelve studies of moderate to high quality, including 14.152 patients, were examined. PN showed superiority for renal functional preservation, providing higher eGFR (WMD=12.48mL/min; 95%CI: 10.28 to 14.67; P <0.00001) and lower serum creatinine (WMD=-0.31mg/dL; 95%CI: −0.40 to −0.21; P <0.00001). There were no significant differences between PN and RN regarding operative time, EBL, surgical complications, OS, RFS and CSS. Despite inherent selection bias, most pooled estimates were consistent in sensitivity analysis and subgroup analysis. More positive margins were found in the PN group (RR=2.42; 95%CI: 1.25-4.68; P=0.009). Conclusions: PN may be more suitable for treating pT3a RCC than RN because it provides a similar survival time (OS or RFS) and superior renal function. Nevertheless, this result is still disputed, and more high-quality studies are required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Margins of Excision , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Nephrectomy
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 229-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909859

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term clinical effect of arthroscopic and open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screws in treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 38 patients with unilateral radial head fractures (Mason type II) admitted to Shanghai Zhongye Hospital from January 2017 to December 2018, including 22 males and 16 females, aged from 20 to 65 years [(37.4±12.6)years]. Twenty patients were treated by arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group A), and eighteen by open reduction and internal fixation with Herbert screw (Group B). The operation time and fracture healing time were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), elbow flexion and extension range, forearm rotation range and Mayo elbow function score were compared between the two groups before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after operation. The results of Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and upper limb function assessment using the disabilites of the arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) score were compared between the two groups. Complications including screw breakage or fracture displacement were also evaluated.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-14 months [(12.3±2.3)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). The fracture healing time was (8.9±0.6)weeks in Group A and (8.7±0.6)weeks in Group B ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The VAS was (4.8±0.5)points at 1 month after operation in Group A, lower than (6.0±0.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS between Group A and Group B at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The elbow flexion and extension range in Group A was (110.4±3.8)° and (137.1±4.0)° at 1, 3 months after operation, which was significant greater than (90.6±4.7)° and (125.1±3.5)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in elbow flexion and extension range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the range of forearm rotation between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The range of forearm rotation in Group A was (107.1±2.8)° and (138.1±2.9)° at 1, 3 months after operation, significantly greater than (95.5±3.9)°, (121.5±3.0)° in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in forearm rotation range between the two groups at 6 and 12 months after surgery ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The MEPS in Group A was (50.4±3.8)points at 1 month after operation, higher than (40.6±4.7)points in Group B ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in MEPS between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in DASH score between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The DASH score was (57.1±2.8)points at 1 month after surgery in Group A, higher than (42.5±3.9)points in Group B ( P<0.05). The DASH score was not significantly different between the two groups at 3, 6, and 12 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was no screw loosening or fracture after operation, and one patient in each group had fracture displacement ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For Mason type II radial head fractures, arthroscopic Herbert screw fixation has the advantages of less trauma, less pain and faster functional recovery of the affected limb compared with open reduction and Herbert screw fixation.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 354-357, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876563

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) infection in sentinel surveillance in Liaoning Province from 2015 to 2019, in order to provide evidence for the precise prevention and control of HCV.@*Methods@#The HCV sentinel surveillance data of 5 kinds of populations, including dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, family planning outpatients, people receiving physical examination and unpaid blood donators in Liaoning Province from 2015 to 2019 were retrieved, and the HCV positive rates of different years, gender and age groups in the five populations were analyzed. @*Results@#There were 26 000 persons surveyed and 61 HCV positive cases were detected from 2015 to 2019. The HCV positive rate was 0.23%. The HCV positive rates of dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, family planning outpatients, people receiving physical examination and unpaid blood donators were 0.40%, 0.70%, 0.25%, 0.24% and 0.14%, respectively. The HCV positive rates of dialyzed patients, patients receiving invasive diagnosis and treatment, and unpaid blood donators had significant downward trends ( P<0.05 ). The HCV positive rates of males and females were 0.22% and 0.26%, without any significant difference ( P>0.05 ). The HCV positive rate of people aged above 70 years old was 1.15%, the highest among different age groups. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of HCV infection among the patients with hemodialysis and with invasive diagnosis and treatment is relatively high. The level of HCV antibody of older age groups should be monitored regularly.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2398-2402, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921130

ABSTRACT

The demand for acquiring different languages has increased with increasing globalization. However, knowledge of the modification of the new language in the neural language network remains insufficient. Although many details of language function have been detected based on the awake intra-operative mapping results, the language neural network of the bilingual or multilingual remains unclear, which raises difficulties in clinical practice to preserve patients' full language ability in neurosurgery. In this review, we present a summary of the current findings regarding the structure of the language network and its evolution as the number of acquired languages increased in glioma patients. We then discuss a new insight into the awake intra-operative mapping protocol to reduce surgical risks during the preservation of language function in multilingual patients with glioma.


Subject(s)
Brain Mapping , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Glioma/surgery , Humans , Language , Multilingualism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880113

ABSTRACT

METHODS@#To establish the acquired aplastic anemia mouse model through the X-ray irradiation in combination with lymphocytes injection. AA Group: the purified Pan T lymphocytes from the spleen of C57BL/6J mice were enriched and injected to the mice through tail vein(5×10@*RESULTS@#Compared with 4, 5 Gy irradiated mice in AA groups, the survival time of 3 Gy irradiated AA groups was significantly prolonged. 3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with Pan T lymphocyte injection could successfully induced severe reduction of red blood cells, blood neutrophils, and platelets, severe reduction of bone marrow nucleated cells, severe bone marrow hematopoietic failure, and the significant expansion of T lymphocytes ratio in the bone marrow. CD4@*CONCLUSION@#3, 4 and 5 Gy X-ray irradiation combined with 5×10


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(10): 617-623, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131689

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Acupuncture has been widely used for alleviating pain. However, its mechanisms remain largely enigmatic. Objective: In the present study, we focused on whether the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture is related to its regulation on adenosine and substance P expression. Methods: We established chronic inflammatory pain model in rats through a single injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant, and then we treated animals using daily electroacupuncture. We applied seven bilateral sessions of electroacupuncture (ST36 and BL60, 0.5 to 1.5 mA, initial strength of 0.5 mA, increased by 0.5 mA every 10 minutes, for 30 minutes per session, one section per day) to Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats for seven days. The analgesic effect of electroacupuncture was evaluated by measuring paw withdrawal threshold in rats that received mechanical and thermal stimulation. Results: Daily electroacupuncture stimulation effectively increased paw withdrawal threshold in Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats. Electroacupuncture increased the adenosine level in zusanli. A further study showed that electroacupuncture could decrease substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and CD68 levels in dorsal root ganglion. Interestingly, direct injection of adenosine A1 or substance P receptor antagonists, or dorsal nerve root transection could significantly impair electroacupuncture induced analgesic actions in Complete Freund's Adjuvant rats could and reduce the levels of substance P, neurokinin-1 receptor, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1β, interleukin-6 and CD68. Finally, we confirmed that direct injection of adenosine A1 receptor agonist replicated the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture. Conclusion: Our results indicate regulation of adenosine-mediated substance P secretion. Substance P-mediated pathway may be involved in the analgesia process by electroacupuncture in rats.


RESUMO Introdução: A acupuntura tem sido amplamente utilizada para alívio de dor. No entanto, seus mecanismos são muito pouco conhecidos. Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre o efeito analgésico da eletroacupuntura e a regulação da expressão de adenosina e de substância P. Métodos: Utilizou-se um modelo de dor inflamatória crônica em ratos por injeção única do Adjuvante Completo de Freund e, em seguida, os animais foram tratados com eletroacupuntura diariamente. Foram aplicadas sete sessões bilaterais de eletroacupuntura (ST36 e BL60, 0,5 a 1,5 mA, força inicial de 0,5 mA, aumentada em 0,5 mA a cada 10 minutos, 30 minutos por sessão, uma sessão por dia) em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund, por sete dias. O efeito analgésico da eletroacupuntura foi avaliado pela medida do limiar de retirada da pata em ratos que receberam estimulações mecânica e térmica. Resultados: A estimulação diária com eletroacupuntura aumentou efetivamente o limiar de retirada da pata em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund. A eletroacupuntura aumentou o nível de adenosina na região zusanli. Estudos posteriores mostraram que a eletroacupuntura poderia diminuir os níveis de substância P, receptor de neurocinina-1, fator de necrose tumoral-alpha, interleucina-1β, interleucina-6 e CD68 nos gânglios da raiz dorsal. Curiosamente, a injeção direta de antagonistas do receptor de adenosina A1 ou de substância P, ou a transecção da raiz do nervo dorsal, podem prejudicar significativamente as ações analgésicas induzidas pela eletroacupuntura em ratos com Adjuvante Completo de Freund e reduzir os níveis de substância P, receptor de neurocinina-1, fator de necrose tumoral-alfa, interleucina-1β, interleucina-6 e CD68. Por fim, confirmamos que a injeção direta de um agonista do receptor da adenosina A1 reproduziu os efeitos analgésicos da eletroacupuntura. Conclusão: Nossos resultados indicam a regulação da secreção da substância P mediada pela adenosina. A via mediada pela substância P pode estar envolvida no processo de analgesia por eletroacupuntura em ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Substance P/chemistry , Electroacupuncture , Adenosine/chemistry , Pain , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 9-16, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of keto acid (KA) supplements on Chinese patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of KA supplementation on nutritional status, inflammatory markers, and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) parameters in a cohort of Chinese patients with MHD without malnutrition.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center clinical study conducted in 2011 till 2014. Twenty-nine patients with MHD were randomly assigned to a control (n = 14) or a KA (n = 15) group. The control group maintained a dietary protein intake of 0.9 g/kg/day. The KA group received additional KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day). BIA was used to determine the lean tissue mass, adipose tissue mass, and body cell mass. The patients' nutritional status, dialysis adequacy, and biochemical parameters were assessed at the ends of the third and sixth months with t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test.@*RESULTS@#The daily total energy intake for both groups was about 28 kcal/kg/day. After 6 months, the Kt/V (where K is the dialyzer clearance of urea, t is the dialysis time, and V is the volume of the distribution of urea) was 1.33 ± 0.25 in KA group, and 1.34 ± 0.25 in the control group. The median triceps skin-fold thickness in KA group was 12.00 and 9.00 mm in the control group. In addition, the median hand-grip strength in KA group was 21.10 and 25.65 kg in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the anthropometry parameters, dialysis adequacy, serum calcium and phosphorus levels, inflammatory markers, and amino-acid profiles, or in relation to the parameters determined by BIA. Both groups achieved dialysis adequacy and maintained nutritional status during the study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this cohort of Chinese patients with MHD, the patients in the control group whose dietary protein intake was 0.9 g/kg/day and total energy intake was 28 kcal/kg/day, maintained well nutritional status during study period. The KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day) did not improve the essential amino acid/non-essential amino acid ratio, nor did it change the patients' mineral metabolism, inflammatory parameters, or body compositions.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 235-238, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810917

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between cyberbullying and depression in college students, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention of cyberbullying.@*Methods@#A total of 3 914 college students from 6 universities in Shanxi Province were selected as research objects. The students’ cyberbullying behavior scale and depression self-rating scale were used to investigate the students.@*Results@#The overall reported rate of cyberbullying among college students was 17.4%. Boys who suffered from online verbal bullying and online fraud scored higher than girls. Students whose parents divorced scored higher than those whose parents did not divorce in all dimensions of cyber-bullying. There was a statistically significant difference in the overall scores of students with different degrees of education and time spent online( P <0.05). Depression was reported in 15.6% of participants. The depression scores of female students were higher than that of male students.College students whose parents were divorced had higher depression scores than those whose parents were not divorced.There were statistically significant differences in depression scores among college students with different fathers’ education levels and different time spent online every day( t / F =2.05, 6.64, 3.91 , 19.52, P <0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that online speech bullying, online fraud and identity concealment bullying were positively correlated with depression scores( r s =0.40, 0.36, 0.46, P <0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that three forms of cyberbullying were risk factors for the increase of depression in college students( β =0.89, 0.38, 0.38, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Cyber-bullying is one of the risk factors for increasing the severity of depression among college students.Strengthening the management of Internet use, promotion college students’ interpersonal conununication and active cooperating between society, school and family are great significance to reduce the occurrence of cyberbullying.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach is the most commonly used surgical approach for total hip arthroplasty. In recent years, total hip replacement by direct anterior approach has been applied in clinic gradually, and has achieved good treatment outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical efficacy of the direct anterior approach in supine position and the posterolateral approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty at Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital from April 2015 to April 2019 were included, including 35 males and 55 females, aged 35-70 years. The patients were divided into direct anterior approach group (n=45) and posterolateral approach group (n=45) by the random number table method. Postoperative follow-up was used to evaluate the Harris hip scores, Visual Analogue Scale scores, initial fixation mass of prosthesis and safe range of the cup. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Baoding Municipal First Center Hospital. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Ninety patients were followed up for 3-51 months, with an average 14 months. There were 2 cases of intraoperative great trochanteric fracture, 1 case of femoral lateral cutaneous nerve injury, 4 cases of femoral nerve injury, and 20 cases of tensor fascia lata injury. No such complications occurred in the posterolateral approach group. (2) The direct anterior approach group showed significant superior outcomes compared with the posterolateral approach group in the Harris hip scores and Visual Analogue Scale scores at 1 month after surgery (P 0.05). (3) In the direct anterior approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 44 hips was in neutral position, and 1 hip was in varus position. The initial fixation quality of all prosthesis was excellent. In the posterolateral approach group, the femoral prosthesis of 43 hips was in neutral position, 2 hips were in varus position and all prosthesis initial fixation quality was excellent. No significant difference was found between two groups (P > 0.05). (4) The ratio of acetabular cups in the safety range of Lewinnek in the direct anterior approach group was higher than that in the posterolateral approach group (100%, 82%, P < 0.05). (5) These results imply that compared with the posterolateral approach, direct anterior approach in supine position for total hip arthroplasty can significantly reduce postoperative pain, promote postoperative early rapid recovery, obtain more accurate angle of the acetabular prosthesis, and be more conducive to the equalization of both lower limbs. It is a safe and reliable approach. However, direct anterior approach has certain technical difficulty and needs a learning curve. And there are some complications different from other approaches.

16.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1200-1203, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875774

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish a method for the determination of furans in tea by headspace-gas chromatographic mass spectrometry. @*Methods@#The 20% sodium chloride solution and isotope internal standards were added to the crushed and weighed tea sample. Furan, 2-methylfuran, 3-methylfuran, 2,5-dimethylfuran were separated by HP-PLOT Q capillary column and then determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry with electron impact ionization mode.@*Results@# In the range of 5-400 ng, good linear relationships were observed in the four furan compounds, with the correlation coefficients ranging from 0.999 2 to 0.999 6. The detection limits ranged from 0.2 to 1.9 μg/kg, the quantification limit ranged from 0.4 to 3.1 μg/kg. The recovery rates of furans ranged from 95.4% to 128.2% when spiked at 5.0, 20.0 and 100.0 μg/kg, and the relative standard deviations ranged from 0.8% to 11.3%. Eighty-one tea samples were determined, the concentration of four furan compounds was highest in black tea, followed by dark tea, oolong tea, green tea and scented tea. @*Conclusion@# Headspace-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry can reduce the matrix interference of tea, and meet the requirements in the linear range, recovery and precision, which is suitable for simultaneous determination of four furan compounds in tea.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1015-1024, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827709

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Human infections with zoonotic coronaviruses (CoVs), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, have raised great public health concern globally. Here, we report a novel bat-origin CoV causing severe and fatal pneumonia in humans.@*METHODS@#We collected clinical data and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) specimens from five patients with severe pneumonia from Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Hubei province, China. Nucleic acids of the BAL were extracted and subjected to next-generation sequencing. Virus isolation was carried out, and maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees were constructed.@*RESULTS@#Five patients hospitalized from December 18 to December 29, 2019 presented with fever, cough, and dyspnea accompanied by complications of acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest radiography revealed diffuse opacities and consolidation. One of these patients died. Sequence results revealed the presence of a previously unknown β-CoV strain in all five patients, with 99.8% to 99.9% nucleotide identities among the isolates. These isolates showed 79.0% nucleotide identity with the sequence of SARS-CoV (GenBank NC_004718) and 51.8% identity with the sequence of MERS-CoV (GenBank NC_019843). The virus is phylogenetically closest to a bat SARS-like CoV (SL-ZC45, GenBank MG772933) with 87.6% to 87.7% nucleotide identity, but is in a separate clade. Moreover, these viruses have a single intact open reading frame gene 8, as a further indicator of bat-origin CoVs. However, the amino acid sequence of the tentative receptor-binding domain resembles that of SARS-CoV, indicating that these viruses might use the same receptor.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel bat-borne CoV was identified that is associated with severe and fatal respiratory disease in humans.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Betacoronavirus , Genetics , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Virology , Tomography, X-Ray , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 961-964, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823153

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Although the number of injury deaths among child and adolescent has been decreasing during recent years, it is still one of the main threats to the health of children and adolescents, and is a major global public health issue. This editorial aims to explore main risk factors related to injury occurrence in various stages of early life, to identify key preventive interventions following the physical and mental development characteristics of children and adolescents, and to connect within different life stages. To reduce the occurrence of injuries effectively and promote the health of children and adolescents.

19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 535-538, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821412

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To to describe the prevalence of cyberbullying and its relation with suicide among college students in Taiyuan,and to provide scientific basis for promoting the physical and mental health of teenagers.@*Methods@#Using the method of multi-stage stratified random cluster sampling, a total of 4 012 people were randomly selected from 2 colleges (departments) in sophomore and junior years of 6 universities in Shanxi Province during May to Jul.2018, and the survey contents included basic demographic characteristics, internet usage, cyber bullying, and suicide behavior.@*Results@#The total report rate of cyberbullying among college students was 19.42%, among which the report rates of cyberbullying vicitimization cyberbullying and both cyberbulling penetration and victimization were 1.60%,11.49% and 6.16%(247/4 012), respectively.The overall reported rate of suicidal behavior was 10.87%(436/4 012).Logistic analysis indicated that cyberbullying victimization,as well as cyberbulling penetration and victimization were risk factors for suicidal behavior(OR=1.82,2.97,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Cyberbullying behaviors of college students, especially those who suffer from cyberbullying or the simultaneous implementation and suffering of cyberbullying, may increase the risk of suicide. Therefore, while reducing the occurrence of cyberbullying, we should pay more attention to the mental health of students suffering from cyberbullying and reduce the occurrence of health-risk behaviors such as suicide.

20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 506-509, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821398

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between childhood maltreatment and suicide ideation of college students,so as to provide basis for physical and mental health of college students.@*Methods@#Students from 6 universities in Shanxi Province(3 854 college students provided eligible questionniare for childhood abuse and 3 882 for suicidal ideation) were selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling from May to July 2018, the Chinese Version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire and the Self-rating Idea of Suicide Scale were used in the survey.@*Results@#Of all subjects,42.4% had at least one kind of abuse experience in childhood and 3.9% had suicidal ideation in the past week. By chi square test,the detection rate of suicidal ideation of college students who suffered physical abuse,emotional abuse,sexual abuse,physical neglect,emotional neglect in childhood was higher than that of college students without maltreatment (χ2=13.78,12.97,17.10,56.56,66.58,P<0.01);Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was a positive correlation between each type of maltreatment in childhood and college students’ suicidal ideation(r=0.06,0.06,0.07,0.12,0.13,P<0.01);Multivariate Logistic regression model found that after controlling other influencing factors,physical neglect and emotional neglect in childhood were independent risk factors for suicide ideation of college students (OR=2.18,2.07,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Physical neglect and emotional neglect in childhood can increase the risk of college students’ suicidal ideation. Paying enough attention and care to them in early childhood may help to prevent their suicidal ideation in adulthood.

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