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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011350

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association between subthreshold depression, psychotic like experiences (PLEs), and their interactions with non suicidal self injury (NSSI) in adolescents from Shandong, so as to provide a reference for the prevention and early intervention of NSSI in adolescents.@*Methods@#A random cluster sampling method was used to select a total of 6 090 adolescents aged 13-22 from two cities along the coast and inland of Shandong Province. Electronic surveys were administered using the SelfInjurious Behavior Questionnaire, Community Assessment of Psychic Experiencepositive 8 items(CAPE-P8), and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale(CES-D). The relationship between subthreshold depression, PLEs, and their interaction with NSSI was analyzed using multivariate Logistic regression.@*Results@#The detection rate of NSSI among adolescents was 21.3%. The highest NSSI reporting rate (27.9%) was found in the age group of 13-15 years.The NSSI reporting rates for those detected with subthreshold depression and PLEs were 49.9% and 30.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis indicated that individuals with subthreshold depression were 3.47 times more likely to engage in NSSI [OR(95%CI)=3.47(2.68-4.50)]. Those identified with PLEs had 5.32 times higher risk of engaging in NSSI than those without such experiences [OR(95%CI)=5.32(4.10-6.89)]. When both subthreshold depression and PLEs coexist, the risk of engaging in NSSI was 18.47 times higher than in individuals with neither condition [OR(95%CI)=18.47(14.75-23.13)] (P<0.01). The relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion (AP), and synergy index (S) were 11.44, 0.61, and 2.89, respectively, indicating that the combined interaction of subthreshold depression and PLEs accounted for 61% of adolescent NSSI.@*Conclusions@#Subthreshold depression and psychoticlike experiences are associated NSSI in adolescents and exhibit an additive interaction. Alleviating subthreshold depression in adolescents and reducing psychotic experiences may play a positive role in preventing the occurrence of NSSI.

2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 98(3): 324-330, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439195

ABSTRACT

Abstract Backgroud Homocitrulline (Hcit), is involved in the pathological processes of some diseases. However, the role and function of Hcit (CBL) in human skin remains largely obscure. Objective To investigate the correlation of the level of Hcit in seborrheic keratosis, skin aging, and its clinical significance. Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to analyze the level of Hcit in skin lesions of seborrheic keratosis (SK), unaffected skin (distant 0.5 centimeters from SK lesion), and normal skin of healthy subjects in the control group. ELISA test was used to detect the serum level of CBL in SK patients and healthy subjects of different ages. Results Hcit was mainly localized in the nucleus of epidermal cells. In healthy control skin, the expression of Hcit increased with age and showed a positive correlation with age (the correlation coefficient was 0.806, p = 0.0002). The expressional level of Hcit in SK lesions was higher than that in healthy control skin (Z = −3.703, p = 0.0002). The serum level of CBL in healthy subjects and in SK patients increased with age (the correlation coefficient were 0.5763, p = 0.0032; 0.682, p = 0.004. respectively). The serum level of CBL in SK patients was higher than that in healthy subjects (Z = −2.19, p = 0.030). Study limitations The small serum sample size in the study. Conclusion The high expressional level of Hcit is correlated with seborrheic keratosis and skin aging. HCit may be one of the potential biomarkers of skin aging.

3.
Clinics ; 78: 100120, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439908

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: The incidence of cerebellar Glioblastoma Multiforme (cGBM) is rare. Database like TCGA have not distinguish cGBM from GBM, our knowledge on cGBM gene expression characteristics is limited. The expression status of Oligodendrocyte Lineage Transcription factor 2 (OLIG2) and its clinical significance in cGBM is still unclear. Methods: The clinical data and tissue specimens of 73 cGBM patients were retrospectively studied. The association between OLIG2 expression level and the demographic characteristics of cGBM patients was identified by the Chi-Square test. The survival curves were drawn by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The independent prognostic factors was calculated according to Cox regression analysis. Results: The OLIG2 high expression was observed in about 57.5% (42/73) of the cGBM patients. Patients with high OLIG2 expression levels had a higher alive ratio at the end of follow-up (alive ratio: 70.6% vs. 29.4%, p = 0.04). The median survival time was 21 months and 13 months for high and low expression of OLIG2 (p < 0 .05). Univariate analysis and Multivariate analysis indicated that EOR (HR = 3.89, 95% CI 1.23−12.26, p = 0.02), low OLIG2 expression (HR = 5.26, 95% CI 1.13−24.59, p = 0.04), and without adjuvant therapy (HR = 4.95, 95% CI 1.22−20.00, p = 0.03) were independent risk factors for the OS of cGBM patients. Conclusion: High expression level of OLIG2 could be used as an independent favorable prognosis indicator in cGBM patients and be recognized as a characteristic biomarker of cGBM.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the long-non-coding RNA LINC00342 expression and the clinicopathological parameters of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and the biological function of LINC00342 in HNSCC cells. Methods: The expression level of LINC00342 in the HNSCC was analyzed using transcriptome sequencing data from TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) database, and the expressions of LINC00342 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissues (LSCC) of 27 patients in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were detected by transcriptome sequencing. The expression levels of LINC00342 in human embryonic lung diploid cells 2BS, HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). RNAi (RNA interference) was used for LINC00342 knockdown in HNSCC cell lines, and the changes of malignant phenotype in the tumor cells after LINC00342 knockdown were examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, flow cytometry, transwell invasion and migration assays. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to construct a LINC00342-centered competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) regulatory network, and GO (Gene Ontology) enrichment analysis was performed. Statistical analysis and graphing were performed using SPSS 25.0 software and GraphPad Prism 6 software. Results: Mean LINC00342 levels in HNSCC tissues and TCGA database were higher than that in normal control tissues, but with no significantly statistical difference (P=0.522). LINC00342 expression levels were positively correlated with cervical lymph node metastasis and pathological grade in patients with HNSCC, with higher expression in male patients than in female patients (P<0.05). Transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that mean expression level of LINC00342 in LSCC tissues of 27 patients was significantly higher than that in the paired adjacent normal mucosa tissues (t=1.56, P=0.036). LINC00342 expression was significantly upregulated in HNSCC cell lines FD-LSC-1, CAL-27 and Detroit562 (t-values of -12.17, -23.26 and -388.57, respectively; all P<0.001). Knockdown of LINC00342 by transfecting si-LINC00342-1 and si-LINC00342-2 inhibited HNSCC cell proliferation (t-values of 8.95 and 4.84, 2.70 and 5.55, 2.02 and 3.70, respectively), colony formation (t-values of 6.66 and 6.17, 7.38 and 11.65, 4.90 and 5.79, respectively), migration (t-values of 8.21 and 7.19, 5.76 and 6.46, 6.28 and 9.92, respectively) and invasion abilities (t-values of 9.29 and 10.25, 11.30 and 11.36, 8.02 and 8.66, respectively), but promoting apoptosis in cell lines FD-LSC-1 and CAL-27 (t-values of -2.21 and -5.83, -3.05 and -5.25 respectively) (all P-values<0.05). The LINC00342-centered ceRNA network consists of 10 downregulated microRNA and 647 upregulated mRNA nodes. GO analysis results indicated that LINC00342-regulated mRNAs were enriched in 22 biological processes, 32 molecular functions, and 12 cellular components. Conclusion: High level of LINC00342 is associated with the malignant progression of HNSCC. LINC00342 promotes the proliferation, migration, invasion, and antagonizes apoptosis of HNSCC cells, which serves as a potential molecular marker in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Epithelial Cells , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics
5.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 590-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979771

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To construct SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain molecular probe for monoclonal memory B cell sorting and obtain RBD specific neutralizing antibodies from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of COVID-19 convalescents by single-cell sorting. Methods The SARS-CoV-2 RBD sequence was downloaded from GenBank, and the Avi tag and 6-histidine tags were added at the C-terminal. After codon optimization, it was chemically synthesized, cloned into the pDRVI1.0 vector, expressed after transfection of 293F cells, and biotinylated consequently. RBD-specific B cells were sorted out with this probe1 from the PBMCs of convalescents recovered from COVID-19. After B cells were lysed, the variable regions of heavy chain and light chain were amplified, cloned into the antibody expression vector, and transfected into 293F cells to express the antibody. Then the antibody was purified from the supernatant using protein A column and SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus was used to test their neutralizing activity. Results RBD-Avi probe was produced and successfully biotinylated sequentially with an efficiency of 30%-50%. Western blot analysis revealed that the biotinylated probe was recognized by the antibodies purified from COVID-19 convalescent plasma. Using this probe, 7 and 16 RBD-specific memory B cells were successfully isolated from the PBMCs of two convalescent individuals, accounting for 0.24% and 0.17% of the total cell population, respectively. After amplifying the variable regions of antibody heavy and light chains from the lysed B cells, 7 and 12 pairs of antibody heavy-light chains were obtained. A total of 16 antibodies were expressed in the convalescent individuals, and most of the purified antibodies showed neutralizing activity against the pseudovirus, with IC50 values of 6 antibodies below 1 μg/mL. The IC50 values of XJ-A9 and SCF-F1 against the wild-type pseudovirus were 0.07 μg/mL and 0.35 μg/mL, respectively. Conclusion The SARS-CoV-2 RBD molecular probe constructed in this study has good antigenicity, and the isolated antibodies present neutralizing activity against wild-type SARS-CoV-2 pseudovirus.

6.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223680

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: Recently, there has been a surge to develop new devices and techniques for the diagnosis of peripheral pulmonary lesions such as the combination of LungPoint navigation and endobronchial ultrasound with a guide sheath (EBUS-GS). The present study aimed to explore the diagnostic value of LungPoint navigation in combination with EBUS-GS and rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) particularly for peripheral pulmonary nodules. Methods: Patients (n=108) with pulmonary nodules (10 mm ? nodal diameter ?30 mm) presenting to Henan Provincial People’s Hospital were detected using chest computed tomographic (CT) scanning and bronchoscopy. All patients were evaluated using LungPoint navigation, EBUS-GS and ROSE techniques to evaluate the positive rate of combined diagnosis using the three methods. Results: A total of 108 patients participated in this study and successfully underwent all the three procedures. Of these, 82 patients were accurately diagnosed, making the overall diagnostic rate of 75.9 per cent for combined LungPoint navigation, EBUS-GS, and ROSE analyses. Further subgroup analysis of the diagnostic rate of the three combined techniques were conducted based on the size of the nodules which showed a diagnostic rate of 65.3 per cent for 10 mm ? nodule diameter ?20 mm and 85.7 per cent for 20 mm ? nodal diameter ?30 mm. Of the 108 patients, 85 had solid nodules and 23 had ground-glass nodules; the positive rate of diagnosis of solid nodules was the highest. The patients ultimately were diagnosed with lung cancer with a positive rate of 83.5 per cent. The sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predicted values for ROSE were 90.3, 78.3, 84.8 and 83.6 per cent, respectively. Interpretation & conclusions: The combined use of the three techniques can effectively shorten the duration of the total diagnosis period and improve the safety of diagnosis without affecting the detection rate.

7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 717-720, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958922

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) are being used more and more in cancer therapy, which has brought new survival hopes to patients suffering from advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC). Although various immunotherapies are ongoing in clinical trials, the most promising trial direction at present focuses on cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4), programmed death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibodies. This paper reviews the tumor microenvironment of HNSCC, the role of ICI and the application in the immunotherapy of HNSCC.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 991-995, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886308

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the status of dietary diversity and determinants among school age left behind children.@*Methods@#A total of 501 children aged 9-10 years in Sheyang Mini Cohort Study were enrolled from Sheyang City in Jiangsu Province during 2019. A questionnaires survey was administrated to collect left behind and socioeconomic information. Twenty four hour dietary recall survey was conducted, dietary diversity score (DDS 10 and DDS) and food variety score (FVS) were computed according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Weight and height of children were measured and sex and age standardized body mass index was used to define obesity. Multivariable regression models were preformed to explore the determinants of dietary diversity in school age left behind children.@*Results@#The proportion of left behind children was 40.9%. The mean value and standard deviation of three kinds of dietary diversity score (DDS 10 , DDS, FVS) in left behind children were (5.69±1.31)(6.55±1.44) and (13.48± 4.23 ), respectively. All of these were lower than that in non left behind children (DDS 10 :5.99±1.29; DDS:6.79±1.40; FVS:14.15±4.22). Significant difference in DDS 10 between left behind and non left behind children was observed ( P =0.01). The results of multivariable regression demonstrated that gender, passive smoking, family education level and family economic status were related to dietary diversity scores ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Dietary diversity in school age left behind children was not optimistic and gender, passive smoking, parental education level, family economic status and left behind situation play a critical role in dietary diversity among these children.

9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8645, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055484

ABSTRACT

Data about the feasibility and safety of thoracoscopic surgery under non-intubated anesthesia and regional block are limited. In this prospective study, 57 consecutive patients scheduled for thoracoscopic surgery were enrolled. Patients were sedated with dexmedetomidine and anesthetized with propofol and remifentanil. Ropivacaine was used for intercostal nerve and paravertebral block. Lidocaine was used for vagal block. The primary outcomes were mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), oxygen saturation, and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure (ETCO2) at T0 (pre-anesthesia), T1 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway placement), T2 (immediately after skin incision), T3 (10 min after opening the chest), T4 (end of surgery), and T5 (immediately after laryngeal mask/nasopharyngeal airway removal). One patient required conversion to intubation, 15 developed intraoperative hypotension, and two had hypoxemia. MAP at T0 and T5 was higher than at T1-T4; MAP at T3 was lower (P<0.05 vs other time points). HR at T0 and T5 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). ETCO2 at T2 and T3 was higher (P<0.05 vs other time points). Arterial pH, PCO2, and lactic acid at T1 differed from values at T0 and T2 (P<0.05). The Quality of Recovery-15 (QoR-15) score at 24 h was lower (P<0.05). One patient experienced dysphoria during recovery. Thoracoscopic surgery with regional block under direct thoracoscopic vision is a feasible and safe alternative to conventional surgery under general anesthesia, intubation, and one-lung ventilation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Thoracoscopy/methods , Laryngeal Masks , Anesthesia, General/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Blood Pressure/physiology , Propofol/administration & dosage , Feasibility Studies , Prospective Studies , Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage , Remifentanil/administration & dosage , Heart Rate/drug effects , Heart Rate/physiology
10.
Biol. Res ; 53: 23, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Abscisic acid-, stress-, and ripening-induced (ASR) genes are a class of plant specific transcription factors (TFs), which play important roles in plant development, growth and abiotic stress responses. The wheat ASRs have not been described in genome-wide yet. METHODS: We predicted the transmembrane regions and subcellular localization using the TMHMM server, and Plant-mPLoc server and CELLO v2.5, respectively. Then the phylogeny tree was built by MEGA7. The exon-intron structures, conserved motifs and TFs binding sites were analyzed by GSDS, MEME program and PlantRegMap, respectively. RESULTS: In wheat, 33ASR genes were identified through a genome-wide survey and classified into six groups. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that the TaASR proteins in the same group tightly clustered together, compared with those from other species. Duplication analysis indicated that the TaASR gene family has expanded mainly through tandem and segmental duplication events. Similar gene structures and conserved protein motifs of TaASRs in wheat were identified in the same groups. ASR genes contained various TF binding cites associated with the stress responses in the promoter region. Gene expression was generally associated with the expected group-specific expression pattern in five tissues, including grain, leaf, root, spike and stem, indicating the broad conservation of ASR genes function during wheat evolution. The qRT-PCR analysis revealed that several ASRs were up-regulated in response to NaCl and PEG stress. CONCLUSION: We identified ASR genes in wheat and found that gene duplication events are the main driving force for ASR gene evolution in wheat. The expression of wheat ASR genes was modulated in responses to multiple abiotic stresses, including drought/osmotic and salt stress. The results provided important information for further identifications of the functions of wheat ASR genes and candidate genes for high abiotic stress tolerant wheat breeding.


Subject(s)
Stress, Physiological/genetics , Triticum/genetics , Abscisic Acid/analysis , Genome, Plant/genetics , Evolution, Molecular , Droughts , Phylogeny , Transcription Factors/genetics , Triticum/classification , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799410

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of fractionated radiotherapy on the immune system of mice with subcutaneously transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma.@*Methods@#Logarithmic growth of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cells Hepa 1-6 were inoculated subcutaneously on the right side of C57BL/6 J mice (1×107 cells /mice). The tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into control group (Ctrl) and irradiation group (IR), 20 mice in each group. Additionally, 10 healthy mice were set as normal control group. Local fractionated X-ray irradiation of 8 Gy×3 fraction was given to the subcutaneous tumors, and the dose rate was 0.883 Gy/min. At 7 and 14 d after irradiation, the tumor organ index, spleen organ index, spleen pathological changes, and splenic T lymphocyte subsets, B lymphocyte subsets, and NK cells were detected.@*Results@#Compared with Ctrl, at 7 and 14 d after irradiation, the tumor organ index decreased (t=4.649, 26.34, P<0.05), and the percentage of NK cells increased significantly (t=3.952, 3.633, P<0.05). The percentages of CD3+ , CD4+ , CD3+ CD4+ lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4+ /CD8+ lymphocyte decreased at 7 d after irradiation (t=3.193, 3.656, 3.219, 2.641, P<0.05), and the percentage of CD3+ lymphocyte decreased at 14 d after irradiation (t=3.031, P<0.05). But after irradiation, there were no significant changes in spleen organ index, B lymphocyte, CD3+ CD4+ lymphocyte and CD8+ lymphocyte.@*Conclusions@#Local hepatoma radiotherapy causes imbalance of lymphocytes in distal spleen of mice and hence reduces immunity, which provides a novel mechanism of radiological immunity damage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868405

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of fractionated radiotherapy on the immune system of mice with subcutaneously transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods Logarithmic growth of mouse hepatocellular carcinoma cells Hepa 1-6 were inoculated subcutaneously on the right side of C57BL/6 J mice (1×107 cells/mice).The tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into control group (Ctrl) and irradiation group (IR),20 mice in each group.Additionally,10 healthy mice were set as normal control group.Local fractionated X-ray irradiation of 8 Gy×3 fraction was given to the subcutaneous tumors,and the dose rate was 0.883 Gy/min.At 7 and 14 d after irradiation,the tumor organ index,spleen organ index,spleen pathological changes,and splenic T lymphocyte subsets,B lymphocyte subsets,and NK cells were detected.Results Compared with Ctrl,at 7 and 14 d after irradiation,the tumor organ index decreased (t =4.649,26.34,P<0.05),and the percentage of NK cells increased significantly (t =3.952,3.633,P<0.05).The percentages of CD3+,CD4+,CD3+CD4+ lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ lymphocyte decreased at 7 d after irradiation (t=3.193,3.656,3.219,2.641,P<0.05),and the percentage of CD3+lymphocyte decreased at 14 d after irradiation (t =3.031,P<0.05).But after irradiation,there were no significant changes in spleen organ index,B lymphocyte,CD3 + CD4+ lymphocyte and CD8 + lymphocyte.Conclusions Local hepatoma radiotherapy causes imbalance of lymphocytes in distal spleen of mice and hence reduces immunity,which provides a novel mechanism of radiological immunity damage.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823936

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the cytotoxic effects and the potential mechanisms of crebanine N-oxide in SGC-7901 gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Methods: The cytotoxicity of crebanine N-oxide was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide assay and cellular morphology was observed under a microscope. Cell apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry using propidium iodide staining. The expression levels of apoptotic-related proteins, cleaved caspase-3, cytochrome C, p53 and Bax, and autophagyrelated proteins p62, beclin1 and LC3 were detected by Western blotting assays. Results: Crebanine N-oxide treatment significantly inhibited the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells in a dose-dependent and timedependent manner via induction of G2-phase cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy in SGC-7901 cells. Conclusions: Crebanine N-oxide could inhibit the growth of gastric cancer cells by promoting apoptosis and autophagy and could be used as a potential agent for treating gastric cancer.

14.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 338-341, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822764

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the pedestrian traffic safety behaviors of primary and secondary school students in Xiacheng District of Hangzhou,and to provide reference for formulating traffic safety strategy. @*Methods@# In October 2015,nine campuses of six schools in Xiacheng District were selected to observe the pedestrian traffic safety behaviors of the primary and secondary school students walking to and from school,such as taking the zebra crossing,observing the traffic condition,running and playing with cellphones when walking across the road.@*Results@#Totally 2 585 students were investigated,and 2 580 students were valid(99.81%). When walking across the road,1 887 people took the zebra crossing,accounting for 73.14%;71.89% of boys and 74.51% of girls took the zebra crossing,and there was no significant difference(P>0.05);64.76% and 81.32% of the students took the zebra crossing on the way to school and home,with a significant difference(P<0.05). When walking across the road,1 683 students people observed the traffic conditions,accounting for 65.23%;63.61% of boys and 67.02% of girls observed the traffic conditions,and there was no significant difference(P>0.05);64.05% and 66.39% of the students observed the traffic conditions on the way to school and home,with a significant difference(P<0.05).There were 362 students running across the road, accounting for 14.03%;15.31% of boys and 12.62% of girls ran across the road,and there was no significant difference(P>0.05);9.26% and 18.68% of the students ran across the road on the way to school and home,with a significant difference(P<0.05). There were 53 students playing with cellphones when crossing the road,accounting for 2.05%;2.29% of boys and 1.79% of girls played with cellphones,and there was no significant difference(P>0.05);1.41% and 2.68% of the students played with cellphones on the way to school and home,with a significant difference(P<0.05). @*Conclusions @#Primary and secondary school students have dangerous behaviors when walking across the road. We should focus on the intervention of not taking the zebra crossing and not observing traffic conditions when crossing the road on the way to school,and playing with cellphones on the way home.

15.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 71-77, July. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053491

ABSTRACT

Background: Burdock (Arctium lappa L.) is a fructan-rich plant with prebiotic potential. The aim of this study was to develop an efficient enzymatic route to prepare fructooligosaccharides (FOS)-rich and highly antioxidative syrup using burdock root as a raw material. Results: Endo-inulinase significantly improved the yield of FOS 2.4-fold while tannase pretreatment further increased the yield of FOS 2.8-fold. Other enzymes, including endo-polygalacturonase, endo-glucanase and endo-xylanase, were able to increase the yield of total soluble sugar by 11.1% (w/w). By this process, a new enzymatic process for burdock syrup was developed and the yield of burdock syrup increased by 25% (w/w), whereas with FOS, total soluble sugars, total soluble protein and total soluble polyphenols were enhanced to 28.8%, 53.3%, 8.9% and 3.3% (w/w), respectively. Additionally, the scavenging abilities of DPPH and hydroxyl radicals, and total antioxidant capacity of the syrup were increased by 23.7%, 51.8% and 35.4%, respectively. Conclusions: Our results could be applied to the development of efficient extraction of valuable products from agricultural materials using enzyme-mediated methods.


Subject(s)
Oligosaccharides/chemistry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Fructose/chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Antioxidants/chemistry , Oligosaccharides/metabolism , Polygalacturonase/metabolism , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases/metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydroxyl Radical , Arctium , Functional Food , Polyphenols , Fructose/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism
16.
Biol. Res ; 52: 10, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Non-canonical Wnt pathways play important roles in liver fibrosis. Notum is a newly discovered inhibitor to Wnt proteins. This study was to investigate anti-fibrotic effects of Notum. METHODS: 53 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection as well as a cell co-culture system of LX-2 and Hep AD38 cells were engaged in this study. Clinical, biological and virological data of each patient were analyzed. Cell viability was detected at different time points. mRNA and protein levels of NFATc1 (Nuclear factor of activated T-cells), Jnk, α-SMA, Col1A1 and TIMP-1 were detected both in LX-2 and liver tissue. Protein levels of NFATc1 and Jnk in liver tissue and their correlations with fibrosis score were analyzed. RESULTS: Hepatitis B virus replication up-regulated Wnt5a induced NFATc1 and Jnk activity in Hep AD38. Notum suppressed NFATc1, Jnk and fibrosis genes expression, reduced cell viability in co-cultured LX-2 cells induced by HBV. Interestingly, Patients with HBV DNA > 5log copies/ml had higher mRNA levels of NFATc1 and fibrosis genes than patients with HBV DNA < 5log copies/ml. Most importantly, protein expressions of NFATc1 and pJnk have positive correlations with liver fibrosis scores in HBV-infected patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data showed that Notum inhibited HBV-induced liver fibrosis through down-regulating Wnt 5a mediated non-canonical pathways. This study shed light on anti-fibrotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Esterases/administration & dosage , Wnt-5a Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , Hepatitis B/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/prevention & control , Virus Replication , Transfection , Cell Survival , Hepatitis B virus/physiology , Actins/metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism , Collagen Type I/metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 4/metabolism , NFATC Transcription Factors/analysis , NFATC Transcription Factors/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt-5a Protein/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/virology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753085

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore therapeutic effect of emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) combined ticagrelor on patients with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI ) and its influence on level of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)—α.Methods : A total of 98 patients with acute STEMI treated in our hospital from Jan 2016 to Jan 2017 were selected .Patients were randomly and equally divided into clopidogrel group and ticagrelor group , each group received corresponding medication before PCI .LVEF ,LVEDd ,TNF—α level before and one month after treatment and TIMI grade before and after PCI ,recanalization time ,postoperative corrected TIMI frame (CTFC) , percentages of thrombus aspiration ,auxiliary IABP and no—reflow ,and incidence of adverse events during six—month follow—up after PCI were observed and compared between two groups .Results : Compared with before PCI and treatment ,there were significant rise in LVEF on one month after treatment and TIMI grade after PCI ,and signifi—cant reductions in LVEDd and TNF—α level in two groups on one month after treatment , P=0.001 all.Compared with clopidogrel group on one month after treatment ,there was significant rise in LVEF [ (49.80 ± 4.17 )% vs. (57.32 ± 5.10)%] ,and significant reductions in LVEDd [ (57. 94 ± 4. 70) mm vs .(47.11 ± 3.49) mm] ,TNF—α level [ (17. 82 ± 2.84) pg/ml vs .(8.40 ± 2. 04 ) pg/ml] and postoperative percentage of no—reflow (24.44% vs. 4.44%) in ticagrelor group , P<0. 01 all ,there were no significant difference in other operative related indexes be—tween two groups , P>0.05 all.After six—month follow—up ,incidence rate of composite endpoint events in ticagrelor group was significantly lower than that of clopidogrel group (11. 11% vs.31. 11%) , P=0.021 ,there were no sig—nificant difference in percentages of in—stent thrombus ,infarct related artery revascularization and recurrent unsta—ble angina pectoris between two groups , P>0.05 all .Conclusion : Short—term therapeutic effect of emergency PCI combined ticagrelor is significant .It can significantly improve prognosis ,which is worth extending .

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750936

ABSTRACT

@#Radioactive caries is the most common complication of head and neck cancer after radiotherapy. It is a rapidly progressing and widespread destructive disease of tooth tissue after radiotherapy. It is currently believed that salivary gland dysfunction and direct damage to teeth by radiation are the main pathogenic factors of radiation caries. In this paper, the pathogenesis of radiation caries, especially the effect of radiotherapy on oral caries-related microorganisms, are reviewed, and future research directions are proposed. Existing research has revealed that the structures of oral microorganisms change significantly after radiotherapy. The number and proportion of some dental caries-related microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus lactis and Candida albicans increased, and their virulence increased. This indicated that the changes in oral microorganisms caused by radiotherapy played an important role in radioactive caries.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Surgical accuracy is a key to surgical success.The traditional positioning method mainly depends on surgeons' experience,which is too subjective to cause screw misplacement.Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology-assisted pedicle screw placement can make individualized surgical scheme,most importantly,it is accurate and simple showing promising application prospect.OBJECTIVE:To design an individualized pedicle guide plate with 3D printing and to simulate screw placement in vitro,and to explore its feasibility in vertebral pedicle screw placement.METHODS:Lumbar spine CT data of 11 patients with degenerative lumbar spine were selected from April 2016 to July 2016 at Hebei General Hospital,and 3D reconstruction of L1,L3 and L5 vertebrae of each case was performed.Pre-experiment was conducted based on one patient's lumbar CT data:according to the principle of screw placement,the screw position and orientation were designed to prepare the best pedicle guide plate model.Afterwards,the screw placement in vitro was simulated,and was then cut by chainsaw to verify the accuracy of screw placement.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) A total of 30 pedicle guide plates were used,and 60 screws were inserted in the patients,and the placement process was successful.The guide plates adhered well,none appeared with screw perforating the pedicle cortex,and the screw position was accurate and reliable.(2) There were no significant changes in the transverse section and sagtial section angles of the left and right pedicle screws before and after placement (P > 0.05).(3) These results suggest that the 3D-printed individualized pedicle guide plate holds a good accuracy of placement,which can be applied in the vertebral pedicle screw placement,but further clinical trials are needed.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491652

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the recombinant human acidic fibroblast growth factor (rh-aFGF) treatment of open fractures of the tibia and fibula efficacy and safety.Methods Seventy-two cases of open fractures of tibia and fibula patients were selected,all patients were given the C-arm X-ray machine to guide needle,debridement,the entire complex fractures,external fixa tion device postoperative were given anti-infection treatment.Treatment group were given rh-aFGF 1-5 soluble solvent cleaning wounds and skin grafts,suture given daily dressing (3-4 spray/cm2,6-8 times/d).The control group was not given medication,continuous treatment after 7-14 d assess wound healing,wound complications and infection.Results Treated the wounds healing time,healing time,the incidence of delayed fracture healing,skin graft survival area,walking function recovery time,edema score,pain score,the incidence of severe infection and late healing in treatment group were significantly better than those in control group:(27.2 ± 13.1) d vs.(34.7 ± 12.3) d,(55.4 ± 17.4) d vs.(62.2 ± 18.7) d,(99.2 ± 1.2) % vs.(92.6 ± 3.6) %,(2.2 ± 0.4) scores vs.(3.8 ± 0.4) scores,(2.1 ± 0.4) vs.(3.7 ± 0.2) socres,5.6% (2/36) vs.30.6% (11/36),2.8% (1/36) vs.19.4% (7/36),there were statistical differences (P < 0.05).rh-aFGF treatment of major adverse reactions were mild itching.Conclusion The recombinant human acidic fibroblast growth factor can accelerate wound healing and reduce post-operative complications,reducing infection.

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