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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e9021, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098108

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide and is characterized by rapid progression, aggressive behavior, frequent recurrence, and poor prognosis. The TCGA database indicates that chondroitin polymerizing factor (CHPF) is overexpressed in human lung cancer tissues compared with normal tissues and this overexpression corresponds to shorter overall survival in lung cancer patients. In this study, to investigate the function of CHPF in lung cancer, lentiviral vectors expressing CHPF shRNA were stably transduced into A549 and H1299 cells. Compared to shCtrl cells, CHPF knockdown cells had significantly reduced proliferation. Furthermore, the silencing of CHPF in A549 and H1299 cells resulted in apoptotic induction, which led to decreased colony formation. Wound healing and transwell invasion assays revealed that CHPF could positively regulate the migration of lung cancer cells. The tumorigenic role of CHPF was also validated in nude mouse xenograft models. Affymetrix gene chip analysis indicated that CHPF regulated the proliferation and invasion of lung cancer cells through CDH1, RRM2, MKI67, and TNFRSF10B. We thus highlight CHPF as a novel target for lung cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Rabbits , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Blotting, Western , N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Microarray Analysis , Cell Proliferation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821911

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the value of pre-treatment kisspeptin (KISS-1) expression for diagnosis and prognosis prediction of pancreatic cancer. Methods: The clinical data of 90 patients with pancreatic cancer (pancreatic cancer group) in Cancer Hospital of Hubei Province from April 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed; in addition, 40 patients with benign pancreatic lesions were selected as the benign pancreatic lesion group and 30 healthy people were chosen as control group. The serum levels of KISS-1 and CA19-9 in each group were detected by ELISA. The diagnostic efficacies of CA19-9 and KISS-1 in pancreatic cancer and their relationship with the prognosis of pancreatic cancer were analyzed. Results: The serum KISS-1 level in the pancreatic cancer group was significantly higher than that in the benign pancreatic lesion group and the control group (both P<0.01); the area under the curve (AUC) of serum KISS-1, CA19-9 and their combination for pancreatic cancer detection was 0.757 (95% CI: 0.684-0.831, P=0.000), 0.900 (95% CI: 0.854-0.946, P=0.000), and 0.906 (95% CI: 0.861-0.950, P=0.000), respectively. The AUC value of the combined detection was statistically different from that of KISS-1 (Z=3.124, P=0.024), and the AUC value of CA19-9 was also statistically differently from KISS-1 (Z=3.253, P=0.025). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant negative correlation between KISS-1 and CA19-9 (r=-0.358, P=0.002). The results of survival curve analysis showed that the survival time of patients with serum KISS-1≥73.6 pg/ml was significantly better than that of patients with KISS-1<73.6 pg/ml (χ2=4.520, P=0.036); KISS-1<73.6 pg/ml was independently related to the patient's prognosis with an OR of 2.37 (1.08-4.75). Conclusion: Serum KISS-1 is helpful for the early diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and the combined detection of KISS-1 and CAI9-9 can improve the sensitivity and specificity of pancreatic cancer diagnosis, and also is beneficial for prognosis evaluation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819161

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the safety and feasibility of the adhesion dissection in transaxillary uniportal thoracoscopy for palmar hyperhidrosis. Methods    Data of 168 patients, including 77 males and 91 females with an average age of 14 - 41 (24.3±5.4) years, who received transaxillary uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for palmar hyperhidrosis from January 2015 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Severe adhesion was found in 4 patients and mild adhesion was found in 12 patients. Artificial pneumothorax was used to help dissect adhesion. Preoperative CT scan could help locate the rib according to the relative position to azygos vein or aotic arch. Results    All of 168 patients were successfully completed with transaxillary uniportal VATS. Then chest tubes were put in the 4 severe adhesion patients. The tube was removed from one patient after 11 days because of air leak, and from the other three patients on the next day. The other 164 patients with or without adhesion were discharged from hospital on the operation day or the next day. Conclusion    Adhesion dissection in transaxillary uniportal VATS for palmar hyperhidrosis is safe and feasibile.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793123

ABSTRACT

@# Objective: To investigate the value of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) for the diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Methods: Eighty patients with pancreatic cancer (pancreatic cancer group), forty patients with benign pancreatic disease (benign disease group) who were admitted to Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery in Cancer Hospital of Hubei Province fromApril 2015 to December 2017 were included in the study; and thirty healthy subjects during the same period were included as control. Serum ICAM-1 and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels were determined in all the three groups. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the diagnostic characteristics of ICAM-1 for pancreatic cancer. The COX regression model was used to analyze whether serum ICAM-1 was independently associated with the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer. Results: The levels of ICAM-1 and CA19-9 in pancreatic cancer group were significantly higher than those in benign disease group and control group (P<0.01). The level of CA19-9 in benign disease group was significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of serum ICAM-1, CA19-9 and the combinations of both was 0.732 (95% CI: 0.658-0.807, P=0.000), 0.691 (95% CI: 0.620-0.762, P=0.000), and 0.747 (95% CI: 0.674-0.821, P=0.000), respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between ICAM-1 and CA19-9 (r=0.472, P=0.000). The survival time of patients with serum ICAM-1< 2 308 U/ml was significantly longer than that of patients with ICAM-1≥2 308 U/ml (χ2=28.357,P=0.000); COX regression analysis showed that ICAM-1≥2 308 U/ml was an independent influence factor for prognosis, with an OR of 3.08 (2.14-7.23). Conclusion: Serum ICAM-1 contributes to the early diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of pancreatic cancer.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713040

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To increase the advantage and decrease the disadvantage of posterior approach for uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) right upper lobectomy. Methods Data of 97 consecutive patients who received uniportal VATS right upper lobectomy using posterior approach in the semiprone position were retrospectively analyzed from Dec, 2014 to Dec, 2017. There were 41 males and 56 females at age of 26–79 (57.8±10.6) years. The hilar structure was cut from posterior to anterior one by one. The mediastinal lymph nodes were dissected if lung cancer was diagnosed. Results Ninety three of 97 patients were successfully completed with uniportal VATS right upper lobectomy using posterior approach, 3 of them were completed with posterior approach combined with anterior approach, and 1 of them needed thoracotomy. The mean operative time was 76–192 (127.0±32.0) min. The thoracic drainage time was 2–20 (3.4±2.7) d. The postoperative length of hospital stay was 3–23 (5.4±3.1) d. There were postoperative complications in 7 patients and no postoperative mortality. Conclusion Posterior approach for uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery right upper lobectomy is safe and feasible, which can decrease the fatigue of both the surgeon and the assistant. It also provides with better exposure of posterior mediastinum, less dragging lung, and less interference of the instruments and help keep the clear surgical field. In complicated cases, posterior approach could combine with anterior approach to complete the VATS lobectomy.

6.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 552-558, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951796

ABSTRACT

Abstract Surveillances and interventions on antibiotics use have been suggested to improve serious drug-resistance worldwide. Since 2007, our hospital have proposed many measures for regulating surgical prophylactic antibiotics (carbapenems, third gen. cephalosporins, vancomycin, etc.) prescribing practices, like formulary restriction or replacement for surgical prophylactic antibiotics and timely feedback. To assess the impacts on drug-resistance after interventions, we enrolled infected patients in 2006 (pre-intervention period) and 2014 (post-intervention period) in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai. Proportions of targeted pathogens were analyzed: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE), imipenem-resistant Escherichia coli (IREC), imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (IRKP), imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IRAB) and imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA) isolates. Rates of them were estimated and compared between Surgical Department, ICU and Internal Department during two periods. The total proportions of targeted isolates in Surgical Department (62.44%, 2006; 64.09%, 2014) were more than those in ICU (46.13%, 2006; 50.99%, 2014) and in Internal Department (44.54%, 2006; 51.20%, 2014). Only MRSA has decreased significantly (80.48%, 2006; 55.97%, 2014) (p < 0.0001). The percentages of VRE and IREC in 3 departments were all <15%, and the slightest change were also both observed in Surgical Department (VRE: 0.76%, 2006; 2.03%, 2014) (IREC: 2.69%, 2006; 2.63%, 2014). The interventions on surgical prophylactic antibiotics can be effective for improving resistance; antimicrobial stewardship must be combined with infection control practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/microbiology , Bacteria/drug effects , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacteria/growth & development , Bacterial Infections/prevention & control , Preoperative Care , Drug Resistance , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2019-2023, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669256

ABSTRACT

AIM:To verify the safety application of MIL60 in the treatment of corneal neovascularization both in vivo and in vitro.METHODS:We observed the biological characteristics of human corneal epithelial cells.The cell proliferation was analyzed using CCK-8 assay,which also used to test the toxicity of MIL60 and the solvent on cultured human corneal epithelial (HCE).FACs was used to analyze the apoptosis of HCE after treated with MIL60.Also we evaluated the effect of subconjunctival injection of MIL60 on corneal epithelial healing model in normal rat and rats with epithelium defect through slit lamp-microscopy,Draize scores and histopathology way.RESULTS:The proliferation speed of HCE in three groups was the same.MIL60 did no harm on the proliferation of HCE and the apoptosis of HCE,and has no effect on corneal epithelial healing and other parts of the ocular in rats without inflammation cells infiltration.CONCLUSION:When given subconjunctival injection,Mil60 does no harm to the proliferation and apoptosis of HCE,and is safe with ocular application.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2179-2181, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637031

ABSTRACT

On the anatomy, posterior vitreous cortexneighbors with retina, the relationship of vitreous and retinal is both independent and closely linked. Under pathological condition, changes in the vitreous provides a good environment for occurrence and development of a number of vitreoretinal diseases, which indicates that vitreous plays a crucial role in many vitreoretinal diseases occurrence and growth. Elimination of vitreous change in disease, is an issue of great concern of the ophthalmic industry in recent years. Based on the description of vitreous and vitreoretinal interface structure, changes in the vitreous and retinal adhesion mechanisms and interfaces retinal disease risk factors and the impact on the retinal disease were discussed, And the posterior vitreous detachment impact on the vitreoretinal interface disease, the testing methods and its importance were described in this article.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421477

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of triiodothyronine (T3) on neurogenesis in after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion in adult rats. Methods Fifteen adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into sham operation, 2-vessel occlusion (2VO) and T3 intervention groups (n = 5 in each group ). A chronic cerebral ischemia model was established by the bilateral common carotid artery permanent ligation. Seven days after modeling 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) was injectied intraperitoneally and the new proliferating cells were labeled. The BrdU positive cells in SVZ were observed using immunofluorescence staining.Results The numbers of BrdU positive cells in the sham operation, 2VO, and T3 intervention groups were 174. 8 ± 18. 5, 325.0 ± 51.0, and 499. 4 ± 30. 8, respectively. There were significant differences among all the groups (F = 101.68, P < 0. 001 ). The numbers of BrdU positive cells in the T3 intervention group were significantly higher than those in the 2VO and sham operation groups (all P <0. 001 ). The numbers of BrdU positive cells in the 2VO group were also significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (p <0. 001). Conclusions Thyroid hormones may promote neural progenitor cell proliferation in SVZ in adult 2VO rats.

10.
Genet. mol. biol ; 34(1): 136-141, 2011. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-573719

ABSTRACT

The identification of expressed genes involved in sexual precocity of the mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) is critical for a better understanding of its reproductive development. To this end, we constructed a cDNA library from the rapid developmental stage of testis of E. sinensis and sequenced 3,388 randomly picked clones. After processing, 2,990 high-quality expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were clustered into 2,415 unigenes including 307 contigs and 2,108 singlets, which were then compared to the NCBI non-redundant (nr) protein and nucleotide (nt) database for annotation with Blastx and Blastn, respectively. After further analysis, 922 unigenes were obtained with concrete annotations and 30 unigenes were found to have functions possibly related to the process of reproduction in male crabs - six transcripts relevant to spermatogenesis (especially Cyclin K and RecA homolog DMC1), two transcripts involved in nuclear protein transformation, two heat-shock protein genes, eleven transcription factor genes (a series of zinc-finger proteins), and nine cytoskeleton protein-related genes. Our results, besides providing valuable information related to crustacean reproduction, can also serve as a base for future studies of reproductive and developmental biology.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Brachyura/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , Reproduction , China , DNA, Complementary , Expressed Sequence Tags
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350318

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influences of experimental osteoporosis (OP) on bone healing of autologous iliac crest graft around dental implants in rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty Japanese rabbits were randomly divided into two groups. Bilaterally ovariectomy was performed on experimental group and control group received sham-operation. Twelve weeks later, femoral bones were examined for bone mineral density (BMD) to verify OP status. Then bone defects were made in the proximal metaphysis of the tibiae and autologous iliac crest grafts with simultaneous implant placement were performed. The animals were killed at 8 and 12 weeks after bone graft surgery. Undecalcified sections were prepared and examined histologically and histomorphometrically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Osteoporotic status caused by ovariectomy was verified by significantly decreased BMD in experimental group (P < 0.001). At 8 and 12 weeks after bone graft surgery, osseointegration was observed in both groups. However, thickness of cortical bone (TCB), bone volume in cancellous area (BVC), implant-bone contact rate (IBCR) at bone graft area all significantly decreased in experimental group when compared with control group (P < 0.01). Newly formed bone was also less in experimental group than that in control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although experimental OP may not delay osseointegration of dental implants in autologous iliac crest graft, it certainly promotes resorption of bone grafts, decreases cancellous bone volume and implant-bone contact rate. Therefore it may be an important risk factor for patients receiving autologous bone graft with simultaneous implant placement.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Transplantation , Dental Implants , Female , Ilium , Transplantation , Osseointegration , Osteoporosis , Pathology , Ovariectomy , Rabbits
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