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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924533


The transcatheter left atrial appendage occluding device, WATCHMAN, can be used to prevent thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation who are at high risk of bleeding during anticoagulation. We report an emergent surgical case of cardiac tamponade due to the left atrial appendage perforation with the WATCHMAN device implantation. An 83-year-old woman with recurrent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (CHA2DS2-VASc score 4, HAS-BLED score 3) after catheter ablation was scheduled for the WATCHMAN device implantation. During implantation, the patient developed cardiac tamponade and underwent emergent surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass for active bleeding despite pericardial drainage. The bleeding was caused by the left atrial appendage perforation, and suture exclusion of the left atrial appendage was performed.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362986


A 60-year-old man with type 2 diabetes mellitus and severe obesity (height 170 cm, weight 160 kg, BMI 55) was admitted to our hospital because of acute inferior wall myocardial infarction due to acute thromboembolism of the right coronary artery (RCA). Because of three-vessel coronary diseases, we planned coronary artery bypass grafting after the medical therapy. The patient was intubated, then suffered congestive heart failure and pneumonia, and had a tracheotomy because of obesity hypoventilation syndrome. When his general condition improved after 14 months of medical therapy, we performed the operation. At that time, his weight had decreased to 107.5 kg, and BMI decreased to 37.2. We decided that tracheotomy was necessary to avoid respiratory complications. We chose a thoracoabdominal spiral incision for 2 reasons. Firstly we needed to avoid wound contamination by the tracheotomy stoma. Secondly we decided that the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and the right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) were sufficient for bypass grafts to the left anterior descending artery (LAD), the diagonal branches (D1), the posterolateral artery (PL) and the posterior descending artery (PD). Before the operation, epidural anesthesia was performed for postoperative analgesia to prevent respiratory dysfunction. In the right semi-lateral position at 30°, a 4th intercostal space thoracotomy was performed, and the LITA was harvested. The skin incision was extended to the midline of the abdomen and the RGEA was harvested. The end of the LITA was anastomosed with the free RGEA as I composite and the composite was anastomosed to the LAD, the D1, the 14 PL and the 4 PL without cardiopulmonary bypass. Without any perioperative blood transfusion, the patient was discharged with no perioperative complication, including mediastinitis. With this incision, we achieved secure prevention of wound contamination by the tracheotomy stoma, harvesting of a sufficient length of the LITA and RGEA and good visualization of the anastomotic sites with less cardiac displacement than median sternotomy.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367127


A 58-year-old man underwent aortic root replacement for annuloaortic ectasia (AAE) and aortic regurgitation (AR). The patient was readmitted because of chest discomfort 3 months after the first operation. Computed tomography showed a pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta. Re-aortic root replacement was done on an emergency basis. However, 16 days after the second operation, a pseudoaneurysm was revealed by computed tomography. The third operation was successfully performed using a rif ampicin-bonded gelatin-sealed Dacron graft (GELSEAL<sup>®</sup>; Sulzer Vascutek, Glasgow, UK). The postoperative course was uneventful.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-366558


We report a 66-year-old woman with circulatory collapse due to acute pulmonary thromboembolism, in whom a left nephrectomy for a renal tumor was scheduled. Following preoperative renal angiography. The patient suffered sudden shock resulting from pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) following release of compression of the puncture site. The patient was transported to the ICU, and percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) was instituted immediately for resuscitation. Hemodynamics were stabilized by PCPS and percutaneous thrombectomy was attempted. However, perforation by a catheter inverted to the extracardiac space occurred, which neccesitated emergency surgical hemostasis. PCPS was converted to cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The injured right ventricle and right atrial walls were repaired, and pulmonary thrombectomy was performed via the pulmonary trunk. CPB was easily terminated and her postoperative course was uneventful with anticoagulant therapy. Left nephrectomy was performed two months later. PTE recurred due to the interruption of anticoagulation for surgical treatment of a renal tumor. Percutaneous pulmonary thrombectomy and thrombolysis therapy were effective and a Greenfield filter was inserted into the inferior vena cava to prevent recurrence.