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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936192

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) on proliferation and hormone secretion of parathyroid cells in votro. Methods: The parathyroid cells and ADMSCs were obtained from 10 SD rats by cell separation and culture. The phenotype of P3 generation for ADMSCs was detected by flow cytometry. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs was conducted in the ratios of 2∶1, 1∶1, 1∶2 and 1∶5, respectively. The level of parathyroid hormone in cell supernatant was determined. The results were compared with the parathyroid hormone in the supernatant of parathyroid cells cultured separately in the corresponding number. The effects of ADMSCs on the hormone secretion of parathyroid cells were evaluated. SPSS 11.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The primary culture of either parathyroid cells or ADMSCs and the co-culture of these cells in vitro were performed successfully, and the in vitro culture of different proportions of the two cells showed different effects on parathyroid hormone secretion. The co-culture of parathyroid cells and ADMSCs, especially in the ratio of 1∶5, facilitated the secretion of parathyroid hormone ((1.3±0.0) vs. (0.8±0.1), (1.3±0.0) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.5) vs. (0.9±0.0), (1.7±0.0) vs. (1.2±0.2))ng/L with t value of 25.46, 64.30, 3.32, 7.16, P<0.05 on the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th days respectively. Secondly, when the ratio was 1∶2, the PTH level showed an upward trend. Conclusion: Parathyroid cells and ADMSCs can be co-cultured in vitro, facilitating the secretion of parathyroid hormone under the appropriate cell proportion such as the ratio of by parathyroid cells to ADMSCs at 1∶5.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Animals , Coculture Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 447-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936031

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of bicycle ergometer rehabilitation training on quadriceps and walking ability of patients with lower limb dysfunction caused by extensive burns. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted. A total of 40 patients with extensive burns who met the inclusion criteria and were admitted to Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University&Wuhan Third Hospital from December 2017 to December 2020 were selected. According to the random number table, the patients were divided into conventional training group (16 males, 4 females, aged (45±10) years) and combined training group (13 males, 7 females, aged (39±8) years). Patients in conventional training group were given conventional rehabilitation therapy such as joint loosening, lower limb strength training, walking training, and pressure therapy, while patients in combined training group were given additional bicycle ergometer rehabilitation training on the basis of conventional rehabilitation. For patients in the 2 groups before and after a 2-month's treatment, the thickness of quadriceps was measured by ultrasonic diagnostic instrument, the muscle strength of quadriceps was measured by portable muscle strength tester, the walking ability was tested with a 6-min and a 10-meter walk tests, and the patients' satisfaction for treatment effects was assessed using the modified Likert scale. Data were statistically analyzed with independent or paired sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, or chi-square test. Results: After 2-month's treatment, the quadriceps thickness of patients in combined training group was (3.76±0.39) cm, which was significantly thicker than (3.45±0.35) cm in conventional training group (t=2.67, P<0.05); quadriceps thickness of patients in conventional training group and combined training group after 2-month's treatment was significantly thicker than that before treatment (with t values of 5.99 and 8.62, respectively, P<0.01). After 2-month's treatment, the quadriceps muscle strength of patients in combined training group was significantly greater than that in conventional training group (Z=2.69, P<0.01); quadriceps muscle strength of patients in conventional training group and combined training group after 2-month's treatment was significantly greater than that before treatment (with Z values of 3.92 and 3.92, respectively, P<0.01). After 2-month's treatment, the 6-min walking distance of patients in combined training group was (488±39) m, which was significantly longer than (429±25) m in conventional training group (t=5.66, P<0.01); the 6-min walking distance of patients after 2-month's treatment in conventional training group and combined training group was significantly longer than that before treatment (with t values of 13.16 and 17.92, respectively, P<0.01). After 2-month's treatment, the 10-meter walking time of patients in combined training group was significantly shorter than that in conventional training group (t=3.20, P<0.01); and the 10-meter walking time in conventional training group and combined training group was significantly shorter than that before treatment (with t values of 7.21 and 13.13, respectively, P<0.01). The patients' satisfaction score for treatment effects in combined training group was significantly higher than that in conventional training group (Z=3.14, P<0.01), and the patients' satisfaction scores for treatment effects in conventional training group and combined training group after 2-month's treatment were significantly greater than those before treatment (with Z values of 3.98 and 4.04, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: Bicycle ergometer rehabilitation training can be used to improve quadriceps thickness, muscle strength, and walking ability of patients with lower limb dysfunction caused by extensive burns. It can also improve the satisfaction of patients with the treatment outcome, and therefore is worthy of promotion.


Subject(s)
Bicycling , Burns/therapy , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Prospective Studies , Quadriceps Muscle , Treatment Outcome , Walking
3.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 415-421, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936028

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical outcomes of burn patients in different stages of pregnancy and explore a rational therapeutic scheme for burns during pregnancy. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From June 2010 to June 2020, 21 patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of Wuhan Third Hospital and 14 patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns of the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. Based on the pregnancy period when patients suffered burns, the 35 patients were divided into early pregnancy group with 18 patients (aged (26±4) years, with 8 (4, 11) weeks of gestation), middle pregnancy group with 10 patients (aged (26±3) years, with 21 (14, 27) weeks of gestation), and late pregnancy group with 7 patients (aged (30±5) years, with 32 (29, 35) weeks of gestation). All the patients received treatment including fluid resuscitation, anti-infection, wound treatment, and multidisciplinary comprehensive managements. The burn-related complications during the treatment, maternal outcomes, fetal outcomes, fetal delivery mode, gestational weeks at delivery, and newborn weight of patients in the 3 groups were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal-Wallis test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: During the treatment, there were 4, 4, and 2 patients who suffered wound infections and 1, 3, and 2 patients who developed shock symptoms, respectively, in early pregnancy group, middle pregnancy group, and late pregnancy group. There were no statistically significant differences in them among the 3 groups (P>0.05). One patient in late pregnancy group developed into multiple organ dysfunction syndrome after debridement. At last, all the pregnant women survived, and no statistically significant difference existed among the 3 groups (P>0.05). In early pregnancy group, middle pregnancy group, and late pregnancy group, the survived fetus cases were 9, 8, and 6, respectively, and the differences between them were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Variables including stillbirth and full-term birth were close in patients in the 3 groups (P>0.05), while the preterm birth and miscarriage in patients in the 3 groups were statistically different (P<0.05 or P<0.01), with the early pregnancy group having the most miscarriage cases and the fewest preterm birth cases. There were no statistically significant differences in fetal delivery mode, gestational weeks at delivery, and newborn weight among the patients with survived fetus in 3 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: For patients suffering burns during early, middle, and late pregnancy, superior rates of maternal and fetal survival can be achieved after timely and adequate treatments including fluid resuscitation, anti-infection, wound treatment, and multidisciplinary comprehensive managements.


Subject(s)
Abortion, Spontaneous , Burns/therapy , Female , Fluid Therapy , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Premature Birth , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 321-327, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936013

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of free transplantation of expanded ilioinguinal flaps in the reconstruction of severe scar contracture after extensive burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From August 2017 to October 2021, 7 patients with severe scar contracture deformity caused by extensive burns were hospitalized in Tongren Hospital of Wuhan University & Wuhan Third Hospital, including 5 males and 2 females, aged 26-65 years, with scar area of 20 cm×4 cm-34 cm×14 cm. In the first stage, the rectangular skin and soft tissue expander (hereinafter referred to as the expander) with rated capacity of 500-600 mL were embedded above the inguinal ligament, and then normal saline was injected after stitch removal for expansion to meet the needs of repair surgery. In the second stage, the scar was removed by surgical excision to correct the deformity and release the adhesion and contracture; after the removal of the expanders, the expanded ilioinguinal free flaps were harvested. When a larger flap was needed, the paraumbilical perforator flap was harvested at the same time, and the flaps were transplanted to the secondary wound after scar resection. The number of embedded expanders, the total amount of injected normal saline, the expansion time, the complications of skin and soft tissue expansion, the number, area, thickness, and anastomotic vascular pedicles of the expanded ilioinguinal flaps being resected, the type of flaps used, the repair method of flap donor sites, and the survival of flaps after operation were observed and recorded. The long-term repair effect and donor site condition were followed up. At the last follow-up, the patients' satisfaction with the curative effect of each surgical site was investigated according to the grade 5 score of Likert scale. Results: A total of 10 expanders were embedded in 7 patients, of which 4 patients had 1 each and 3 patients had 2 each. The total volume of normal saline injected was 800-1 800 (1 342±385) mL, and the expansion time was 4-24 (11±5) months. One patient had the expander exposed due to infection after the expander being inserted, while the other patients had no complications of skin and soft tissue expansion. Totally 10 expanded ilioinguinal flaps with the area of 22 cm×6 cm-36 cm×16 cm ((326±132) cm2) and the thickness of 0.6-1.1 (0.77±0.16) cm were harvested. Among the 10 expanded ilioinguinal flaps, 5 were pedicled with the superficial circumflex iliac artery, 3 with the superficial abdominal artery with relatively large caliber, 1 with the common trunk of the superficial circumflex iliac artery and the superficial abdominal artery, and 1 flap was anastomosed with the superficial circumflex iliac artery and bridged the superficial abdominal artery for intra-arterial supercharge. Unilateral expanded ilioinguinal flap combined with ipsilateral paraumbilical perforator flap were harvested in 4 cases, bilateral expanded ilioinguinal flaps were harvested in 1 case, and unilateral expanded ilioinguinal flap was harvested in 2 cases. Except for 1 case being transplanted with autologous split-thickness scalp to repair the flap donor site after combined resection of bilateral expanded ilioinguinal flaps, the donor sites of the other patients were sutured directly. All the flaps survived after operation without tip necrosis or wound residue. Follow-up for 3-30 (15±10) months showed that the flap was soft and not bloated, the function and appearance of the recipient area were significantly improved compared with those before operation, and the appearance of the donor sites was good. At the last follow-up, the patients' satisfaction with the treatment effect of the surgical site scored 4-5 (4.5±0.4). Conclusions: The expanded ilioinguinal flap can be obtained in a large area. It has the advantages of rich blood supply, less damage to the donor site, concealed location, and being convenient to be resected and transplanted in combination with the paraumbilical perforator flap. It is suitable for the clinical reconstruction and treatment of severe scar contracture deformity after extensive burns.


Subject(s)
Burns/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Contracture/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Saline Solution , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928896

ABSTRACT

The unipolar/bipolar pacing mode of pacemaker is related to its circuit impedance, which affects the battery life. In this study, the in vitro experiment scheme of pacemaker circuit impedance test was constructed. The human blood environment was simulated by NaCl solution, and the experimental environment temperature was controlled by water bath. The results of in vitro experiments showed that under the experimental conditions similar to clinical human parameters, the difference between the circuit impedance of bipolar mode and unipolar mode is 120~200 Ω. The results of the in vitro experiment confirmed that the circuit impedance of bipolar circuit was larger than that of unipolar mode, which was found in clinical practice. The results of this study have reference value to the optimization of pacing mode and the reduction of pacemaker power consumption.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electric Impedance , Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prostheses and Implants
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928784

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dabrafenib+Trametinib/Dabrafenib targeted therapy has been approved for V-RAF murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 with amino acid substitution for valine at position 600 (BRAF V600E) in lung cancer patients, however, the targeted therapy strategy for lung cancer patients with BRAF non-V600E mutations has not been determined yet. This study intends to explore the efficacy of targeted therapy for BRAF non-V600E mutant lung cancer, and provide a reference for clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#Computer search of PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, Clinicaltrials.gov, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang database. Collect the relevant literature relevant on the targeted therapy of BRAF non-V600E mutant lung cancer, and conduct a descriptive analysis of the included literature.@*RESULTS@#There were 10 articles that met the inclusion criteria, including 3 cohort studies and 7 case reports. 18 patients with BRAF non-V600E mutant lung cancer were ineffective to vermurafenib; 1 patient obtained partial response (PR) after applying vermurafenib, 5 patients did not respond to BRAF inhibitors; 9 patients showed a potential clinical benefit rate of 34% after monotherapy with trametinib; 7 patients have different degrees of benefit from dabrafenib and trametinib on progression-free survival (PFS); 1 patient is effective to sorafenib.@*CONCLUSIONS@#At present, there is no standard treatment specification for BRAF non-V600E mutation targeted therapy. The challenge lies in the heterogeneous mutation of BRAF gene. Different mutation types respond differently to targeted therapy. In addtion, real-world research evidence is scarce, so it is necessary to carry out further large-sample high-quality research to provide reference for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mice , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics
7.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 513-531, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939859

ABSTRACT

The fall armyworm (FAW), Spodoptera frugiperda, is a destructive pest native to America and has recently become an invasive insect pest in China. Because of its rapid spread and great risks in China, understanding of FAW genetic background and pesticide resistance is urgent and essential to develop effective management strategies. Here, we assembled a chromosome-level genome of a male FAW (SFynMstLFR) and compared re-sequencing results of the populations from America, Africa, and China. Strain identification of 163 individuals collected from America, Africa and China showed that both C and R strains were found in the American populations, while only C strain was found in the Chinese and African populations. Moreover, population genomics analysis showed that populations from Africa and China have close relationship with significantly genetic differentiation from American populations. Taken together, FAWs invaded into China were most likely originated from Africa. Comparative genomics analysis displayed that the cytochrome p450 gene family is extremely expanded to 425 members in FAW, of which 283 genes are specific to FAW. Treatments of Chinese populations with twenty-three pesticides showed the variant patterns of transcriptome profiles, and several detoxification genes such as AOX, UGT and GST specially responded to the pesticides. These findings will be useful in developing effective strategies for management of FAW in China and other invaded areas.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Genomics , Humans , Male , Pesticides , Spodoptera/genetics , Transcriptome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939446

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the efficacy and safety of anlotinib as firstline therapy to treat locally advanced or metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma. Methods: This is a single-arm trial. Treatment-naive patients (≥14 years) with locally advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma were eligible. Each treatment cycle lasted for 3 weeks, and included liposomal doxorubicin (40-50 mg/m2) on day 1 and anlotinib (12 mg) on days 8-21. Starting from the 9th cycle, treatment consisted of only anlotinib. Treatment continued until disease progression or intolerable toxicities. The primary efficacy end point was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: Eight patients were enrolled between July 25, 2019 and January 8, 2020. The median number of treatment cycles was 5.5. Within 5.9 months median follow-up, PFS events occurred in 4 (4/8, 50%) patients. The median PFS was 11.3 months and the 6-month PFS rate was 56%. No patients attained complete response and 2 patients (fibrosarcoma, 1 patient and undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, 1 patient) achieved partial response. Three patients (fibrosarcoma, 2 patients and synovial sarcoma, 1 patient) had stable disease. The objective response rate was 25% (2/8) for the study population, and the disease control rate was 75% (6/8). No new safety concerns emerged. Conclusions: Anlotinib plus liposomal doxorubicin demonstrated antitumor activities in previously untreated locally advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcomas. Due to the small sample size, further investigations with a larger population should be undertaken to confirm the study findings.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 169-173, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935597

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical effect of simple muscle packing through transnasal sphenoid approach in the treatment of intrasellar arachnoid cyst. Methods: The clinical data of 11 patients with intrasellar arachnoid cyst treated by transnasal sphenoidal approach with simple muscle packing at the Neurosurgery Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 5 males and 6 females, with a median age of 48 years (range: 23 to 75 years). The clinical manifestations included headache in 6 cases, dizziness in 4 cases, hypo-libido in 1 case, disturbance of consciousness in 1 case, visual impairment in 7 cases and mixed pituitary dysfunction in 5 cases. The enlargement of the sellar fossa was seen in the preoperative MRI images. The enhanced MRI images showed that the cyst wall of the intrasellar arachnoid cyst was not enhanced, and the compression and thinning of the sellar base was seen in the CT images. In 9 cases, the cyst extended suprasellar and the sellar septum was "arched". In 7 cases, the cyst compressed the optic chiasm upward. The cyst walls of all patients were incised through the nasal sphenoid approach under the endoscope, and the muscle was packed after sufficient drainage. The postoperative symptoms, pituitary endocrine function and recurrence of patients were followed up. Results: MRI images of the sellar region in all patients showed significant reduction or disappearance of cysts. Intracranial infection occurred in 1 case and electrolyte disorder in 2 cases, which were relieved after symptomatic treatment. No cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea occurred. Postoperative clinical symptoms were completely relieved in 6 cases and partially relieved in 5 cases. Pituitary endocrine function recovered completely in 2 cases and improved significantly in 4 cases. All patients were followed up for 10 to 40 months. One patient found to have a partial recurrence of the cyst 3 months after surgery. Because there were no new symptoms appeared, the follow-up was continued without second operation. Conclusion: Transnasal sphenoidal approach is a feasible method for the treatment of intrasellar arachnoid cyst.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arachnoid Cysts/surgery , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Muscles , Retrospective Studies , Sella Turcica , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 93-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Henan, 2016 and analyze the trend of stomach cancer incidence and mortality from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Stomach cancer related data in 2016 was extracted from Henan cancer registration and follow-up system. All data were qualified in validity, reliability and completeness according to the Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/IACR). The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated by areas, gender and age based on the quality data and the registered population data of Henan province in 2016. The epidemic trend of stomach cancer was also been evaluated based on the age-standardized incidence and mortality by Chinese population (ASR China) from 2010 to 2016. Results: In 2016, the estimated incident cases of stomach cancer were 44 311. The incidence was 41.07/100 000, ASR China was 30.17/100 000, ASR by world population (ASR world) was 30.36/100 000, and the cumulative incidence rate was 3.84%. The incidences of male and female were 55.65/100 000 and 25.35/100 000, respectively. Meanwhile, 32 927 people died of stomach cancer in Henan. The mortality was 30.52/100 000, ASR China was 21.45/100 000, ASR world was 21.54/100 000, and the cumulative mortality was 2.53%. From 2010 to 2016, both the ASR China for incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan showed a steady downward trend. In rural, the ASR China for incidence and mortality decreased rapidly, while the stable trend was observed in urban. Nevertheless, the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in rural were still higher than those in urban. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan province showed steadily declining trend from 2010 to 2016, and the geographical distribution difference between rural and urban areas was gradually narrowing. However, the disease burden was still high in 2016.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urban Population
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in 2016 and their changing trend during 2010-2016 according to the cancer registration data in Henan province. Methods: The data quality including completeness, validity, and reliability of local registries which submitted the cancer registration data of 2016 were assessed according to the criteria of Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and IARC/IACR. Esophageal cancer cases (ICD10: C15) were extracted from the database, and the incidence and mortality stratified by gender, age, and areas (urban/rural) were calculated, the incidence and mortality of provincial cancer were estimated combined with provincial population data. China's 2000 census population and Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized rate. Joinpoint model was used to estimate the changing trend of age standardized incidence and mortality along with the calendar year. Results: Approximately 40.10 thousand new esophageal cancer cases were diagnosed in Henan in 2016, accounting for 13.46% of all new cancer cases, and it ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude incidence of esophageal cancer was 37.21/100 000 with an age-standardized incidence rate by China standard population (ASIRC) of 26.74/100 000 and an age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) of 27.12/100 000. The incidence of esophageal cancer in males was higher than that in females, with the ASIRC of 34.53/100 000 and 19.19/100 000, respectively. It was higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASIRC of 28.13/100 000 and 20.90/100 000, respectively. About 29.30 thousand deaths of esophageal cancer in Henan in 2016, accounting for 15.61% of all cancer deaths in Henan, which ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude mortality rate was 27.14/100 000 with an age-standardized mortality rate by China standard population (ASMRC) of 18.74/100 000 and an age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) of 18.78/100 000. The mortality in males was higher than that in females, with the ASMRC of 24.78/100 000 and 13.12/100 000, respectively. It was also higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASMRC of 19.48/100 000 and 15.73/100 000, respectively. The ASIRC and ASMRC were declining with annual percent change (APC) of 3.12% (APC=-3.12%; 95%CI: -5.30%, -0.90%; P=0.015) and 2.47% (APC=-2.47%; 95%CI: -4.70%, -0.20%; P=0.039) during 2010-2016. However, the significant declining trend was only observed in rural areas in Henan, and the changing trend was same between males and females. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer are declining since 2010, however, the disease burden remains large in Henan. Therefore, comprehensive prevention and control efforts should be strengthened according to its epidemic characteristics and risk factors.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Urban Population
12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1309-1312, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935004

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR), one of the common complications of diabetes, is a major cause of blindness. Traditionally, DR has been considered primarily a microvascular disease, and as research has progressed, it is now believed that disruption of the neuro-glia-vascular unit(NVU)and imbalance in its coupling mechanisms(coupling)play a key role in the early onset of DR. Understanding the cellular and molecular basis of NVU and how diabetes alters normal cellular communication and disrupts the cellular environment is important for the early prevention and treatment of DR. This paper summarizes the retinal NVU and its involvement in the molecular mechanism of DR pathogenesis, DR treatment based on retinal NVU repair, and discusses the future prospects and problems of DR.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 346-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934683

ABSTRACT

Obiective:To investigate the design, the key points of surgery and the outcome of short-term follow-up of hemi-elbow-arthroplastic bionic total humeral prosthesis by using 3D-print.Methods:The clinical data of 8 patients with humerus malignant tumor who underwent total humerus resection and a 3D-printed auxiliary hemi-elbow-arthroplastic total humeral prosthesis replacement from March 2018 to March 2020 at Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The operative data, oncological outcome, complication profiles of prosthesis and functional status of all 8 patients were also analyzed. There were 3 males and 5 females with a mean age of 5-37 years. Histological diagnosis included 5 cases of osteosarcoma, 2 cases of Ewing's sarcoma and 1 case of chondrosarcoma.Results:The time for production of the prosthesis was (9.8±2.7) d, the operation time was (209±23) min and intraoperative hemorrhage was (569±173) ml. All the prostheses were implanted successfully and no patients experienced intraoperative complications. While 2 patients had postoperative complications, 1 case of temporary palsy of radial nerve and 1 case of local recurrence. LARS artificial ligament or hernia patch was used to reconstruct joint capsule and tendon-ligament attached around the elbow and shoulder joint. The flexion and extension of the elbow was (118±15)° (100-140°) and (11±9)° (0-25°), and the abduction and anteflexion of the shoulder was (28±12)° (15-50°) and (26±9)° (15-40°), respectively. The postoperative Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS)-93 scale score was (24.1±1.5) scores. The median follow-up time was 17 months (12-32 months), 7 patients had disease-free survival and 1 patient survived with tumor.Conclusions:The novel 3D-printed total humeral prosthesis with hemi-elbow-arthroplasty has a good perioperative safety, which is effective in restoring the function of elbow joint, solving the problem of stress concentration of ulnar marrow lever of total elbow joint prosthesis and lowering long-term wear rate and loosening rate of prosthesis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934362

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the expression of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 in gastric cancer (GC) patients, explore its correlation with the clinical pathological characteristics and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy in GC.Methods:Sixty patients with GC and 30 patients with Chronic Gastritis (disease control group) admitted to The First Affiliated Hospital of Henan University from October 2019 to December 2020 were selected. Meanwhile, 30 healthy subjects (healthy control group) who underwent physical examination were also enrolled. General data of GC patients were collected, including tumor size, degree of differentiation, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, etc. Blood samples were collected before treatment and the expression levels of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 were detected via quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR). The serum concentrations of traditional biomarker (CEA and CA19-9) were measured via a chemiluminescent detection system. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and area under curve (AUC) were used to estimate the diagnostic capacity of different index in GC. Then, the expression difference of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 in GC patients before and after operation was analyzed, and its relationship with clinicopathological features of GC patients was also investigated.Results:RT-PCR results revealed that compared with Chronic gastritis patients and healthy control, the expression of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 was upregulated in the gastric cancer group(0.47±0.06, 0.43±0.05, 0.97±0.12, all P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve was 0.778, and AUC of the combination of CEA and CA19-9 for the diagnosis of gastric cancer was 0.841. which was higher than the diagnostic accuracies of CEA (AUC=0.673)and CA 19-9(AUC=0.653). The expression level of exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 was also significantly correlated with tumor size( χ2=7.545, P<0.01), TNM stage( χ2=4.571, P<0.05)and lymph node metastasis( χ2=6.907, P<0.01). The postoperative expression levels of exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 were lower compared with those of preoperative levels(1.21±0.21 vs 0.62±0.11, P<0.01). Conclusion:Our data demonstrated that exosomal hsa_circ_0064910 is highly expressed in GC patients and might be a potential noninvasive biomarker for the auxiliary diagnosis of GC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934339

ABSTRACT

The delta checks are one of the patient-based quality control options to identify the errors and the significant changes in patients′ condition. Compared with the traditional internal quality control method, the delta checks have the characteristics of real-time monitoring, with no additional detecting cost, thus the delta checks are widely used in clinical laboratories. In addition, the delta checks are also useful in the auto-verification system to screen out the abnormal results for manual verification. This article reviewed the delta checks′ development history, parameters selection, application values in quality control and auto-verification.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate expressions and clinical significance of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0022417 in gastric cancer (GC).Methods:Sixty gastric cancer patients, 30 chronic gastritis patients (disease control group) and 30 healthy volunteers (healthy control group) were enrolled in this study. The expression levels of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0022417 and serum CEA and CA19-9 were detected. The ROC curve and AUC were used to estimate the diagnostic capacity.Results:Compared with chronic gastritis patients and healthy control, the expression of plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0022417 was significantly upregulated in the gastric cancer group ( F=9.96, P<0.05). The expression level of hsa_circ_0022417 in GC tissue was significantly higher than that in adjacent tissue ( t=6.08, P<0.05). The AUC of hsa_circ_0022417, serum CEA and CA 19-9 was 0.79, 0.68 and 0.66, respectively. The combined detection of three indicators had the highest AUC (0.86) ( P<0.05). The expression level of exosomal hsa_circ_0022417 was significantly correlated with tumor size ( χ2=6.42, P<0.01), differentiation degree ( χ2=5.83, P=0.05), TNM stage ( χ2=7.14, P<0.05) and lymph node metastasis ( χ2=5.17, P<0.05). Conclusion:Exosome hsa_circ_0022417 is highly expressed in the plasma of GC patients, which is of great significance for clinical auxiliary diagnosis and early screening of GC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, and to facilitate the understanding and management of the disease.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics and biochemical results of 5 cases with 17α-hydroxylase deficiency diagnosed and treated from 2018 to 2020.Results:All 5 patients were female as social gender, and reached adulthood upon first clinic visit to our department and got diagnosed. All 5 cases had hypertension, hypokalemia, bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or adenoma, osteoporosis, and typical hormone changes related to steroid synthesis.Conclusion:Steroid hormone tests with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS) enable early diagnosis of 17α-hydroxylase deficiency, assessment of the type and degree of enzyme deficiency, and choice of treatment. For such patients, it is necessary to give appropriate anti-osteoporosis therapy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 272-280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and short-term clinical postoperative functional outcomes of a novel 3D-printed porous prosthesis of the distal tibia for the bone defect after tumorectomy.Methods:From December 2017 to December 2019, a total of eight patients diagnosed with malignant bone tumor of the distal tibia were enrolled in this study. All cases received standard preoperative chemotherapy, after which osteosarcoma resection was performed and ankle arthrodesis was reconstructed using a 3D-printed prosthesis developed by our medical center. The contact surface between the distal part of the prosthesis and the talus is a 3D-printed porous surface, which is conducive to ankle fusion. The length of the prosthesis is adjusted by the conical mounting part of the modular prosthesis. The proximal part of the prosthesis can be fixed either biologically or with bone cement. At postoperative follow-up, the function of the fused ankle was assessed by radiographs and the monthly Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score.Results:Of the 8 patients, 5 were male and 3 were female, aged 8-29 years (mean 16.1±7.4 years), including 7 osteoblastic osteosarcomas and 1 telangiectatic osteosarcoma. Among the procedures, the mean length of osteotomy was 16 cm (11-20 cm). The method of fixation of the proximal part of the prosthesis included one case with 3D-printing of trabecular metal bone, one case with autogenous fibular graft, and six cases with bone cement. All patients were followed up for 7-39 months (mean 15.6±10.5 months). The distal prosthesis and talus were completely fused in all cases. The mean fusion duration was 4.3±0.7 months. The mean MSTS score was 84.2%±3.0% (mean 80%-90%). No tumor recurrence, wound complications, or prosthesis loosening were observed during the follow-up period.Conclusion:The novel 3D-printed distal tibial prosthesis is a safe and effective technique for reconstruction of a massive bone defect after tumorectomy of a malignant bone tumor, with high fusion rate, few complications, and satisfactory postoperative function.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932695

ABSTRACT

Brachytherapy has played an important role in localized prostate cancer. High-dose-rate brachytherapy has evolved over the decades, as either monotherapy or in combination with external beam, it offers many advantages over other treatment alternatives. Precise control over dose delivery allows for focal dose escalation while sculpting dose around organs at risk to maintain excellent tolerance. The high dose per fraction exploits the low α/β ratio of prostate cancer and triggers transcriptional changes in the tumor genome, thereby enhancing radiation sensitivity. In this article, the development, patient selection, application of techniques, clinical efficacy and adverse events for high-dose-rate brachytherapy were summarized.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929256

ABSTRACT

Angiogenesis inhibitors targeting the VEGF signaling pathway are developed into drugs for the treatment of vaious diseases, such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and age-related macular degeneration. Recent studies have revealed that oleanolic acid (OA), a natural pentacyclic triterpenoid, inhibited the VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling pathway and angiogenesis in HUVECs, which may represent an attractive VEGF inhibitor. In this paper, rational structural modification towards OA was performed in order to improve its inhibitory effects aganist VEGF and anti-angiogenesis potential. As a result, a series of novel OA derivatives, possessing α,β-unsaturated ketone system in ring A and amide functional group at C-28, were prepared and evaluated for cytotoxicity and their ability to inhibit VEGF-induced abnormal proliferation of HUVECs. The results showed that two promising derivatives, OA-1 and OA-16, exhibited no in vitro cytotoxicity against HUVECs but showed more potent inhibitory activity against VEGF-induced proliferation and angiogenesis in HUVECs, compared with OA. The results of Western blot indicated that OA-1 and OA-16 inhibited VEGF-induced VEGFR2 activation. Furthermore, small interfering RNA experiments were performed to confirm that both compounds inhibited VEGF-induced angiogenesis via VEGFR2. Thus, the present study resulted in the discovery of new promising OA-inspired VEGF inhibitors, which can serve as potential lead compounds for the treatment of angiogenesis-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Oleanolic Acid/pharmacology , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
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