Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 321
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940829

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo preliminarily explore the mechanism of Shufeng Tongluo prescription (SFTLP) in inhibiting airway inflammation in asthma mice by affecting the expression levels of eotaxin in the serum, CC type chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3), and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in lung tissues. MethodSeventy C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose SFTLP groups (7.75, 15.5, 30 g·kg-1), a pertussis toxin (PTX) group, a CCR3 inhibitor (SB328437) group, a phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor (LY294002) group, a p38 protein kinase antagonist inhibitor (SB203580) group, and an ERK inhibitor (PD98059) group. The asthma model was induced in mice by intraperitoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) and aluminum hydroxide [Al(OH)3] combined with OVA atomization (0.2 mL for all). After modeling, hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE staining) was used to observe the inflammatory infiltration of lung tissues in mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the serum levels of eotaxin [CC chemokine ligand (CCL) 11 and CCL24) in each group. Western blot was used to detect the levels of ERK phosphorylation and CCR3 in lung tissues. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed obvious bronchial constriction, lumen stenosis, damaged alveolar structure, massive inflammatory cell infiltration in lung tissues, mucous plug in the bronchus, edema in the submucosal tissues of the trachea, increased folds, increased serum levels of CCL11 and CCL24 (P<0.01), and increased expression of CCR3 protein in lung tissues (P<0.05). The ERK levels in lung tissues of the model group and the PTX group increased (P<0.05). The level of p-ERK in lung tissues of the model group and the low-dose SFTLP group increased (P<0.05). As revealed by pathological results, compared with the model group, the high-dose SFTLP group showed relieved lung lesions. The high-dose SFTLP group and the SB328437 group showed reduced CCL11 content (P<0.05). The low- and high-dose SFTLP group, the PTX group, the SB203580 group, the PD98059 group, and the SB328437 group showed decreased CCR3 protein expression in lung tissues (P<0.05). The high-dose SFTLP group and the PD98059 group showed reduced p-ERK level (P<0.05). The PD98059 group showed reduced ERK level (P<0.05). ConclusionSFTLP can inhibit airway inflammation in asthma, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of eosinophil activation by down-regulating CCR3 and CCL11 expression and ERK phosphorylation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940512

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Qishengwan on ileal flora during its treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) under the guidance of the theory of "interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine". MethodThe AD model was established by bilateral intraventricular injection of β-amyloid 1-42 (Aβ1-42). The rats were then randomly divided into the blank group, sham-operated group, model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose (5.6, 11.2,22.4 g·kg-1·d-1) Qishengwan groups, and donepezil (0.46 mg·kg-1·d-1) group. After medication for 28 successive days, the spatial memory ability of rats was observed in water maze test, and the levels of Aβ1-42, nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the hippocampus were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, the contents of the ileum were collected and subjected to 16SrRNA-sequencing analysis for figuring out the changes in ileal flora. ResultCompared with the blank group and sham-operated group, the model group exhibited significantly reduced stay time in the target quadrant and number of target quadrant and platform crossings (P<0.05, P<0.01) and elevated Aβ1-42 content in the hippocampus (P<0.01) and central inflammatory factors NF-κB, TNF-α, and IL-6 (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Qishengwan at each dose significantly alleviated the impaired spatial memory function (P<0.05, P<0.01), improved the deposition of Aβ1-42 in the hippocampus of rats (P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced the expression of central nervous system inflammatory factors (P<0.05, P<0.01), thus exerting a good therapeutic effect on AD rats. The 16SrRNA-sequencing analysis results showed that the structure of the ileal flora in the model group was significantly separated from those in the blank group and sham-operated group. The abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group was significantly increased (P<0.01), while that of Escherichia-Shigella was reduced (P<0.05, P<0.01). Qishengwan at each dose significantly changed the ileal flora structure and regulated the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group, Escherichia-Shigella, and Ruminococcaceae. ConclusionQishengwan has a positive therapeutic effect on AD. It can significantly enhance the memory and cognitive abilities in AD rats, which may be related to its regulation of the structure of rat ileal flora and the relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group, Escherichia-Shigella, and Ruminococcaceae, the attenuation of the central neuroinflammatory response, and the reduction of central Aβ1-42 deposition.

3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 769-784, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939838

ABSTRACT

In mammals, the piezoelectric protein, Prestin, endows the outer hair cells (OHCs) with electromotility (eM), which confers the capacity to change cellular length in response to alterations in membrane potential. Together with basilar membrane resonance and possible stereociliary motility, Prestin-based OHC eM lays the foundation for enhancing cochlear sensitivity and frequency selectivity. However, it remains debatable whether Prestin contributes to ultrahigh-frequency hearing due to the intrinsic nature of the cell's low-pass features. The low-pass property of mouse OHC eM is based on the finding that eM magnitude dissipates within the frequency bandwidth of human speech. In this study, we examined the role of Prestin in sensing broad-range frequencies (4-80 kHz) in mice that use ultrasonic hearing and vocalization (to >100 kHz) for social communication. The audiometric measurements in mice showed that ablation of Prestin did not abolish hearing at frequencies >40 kHz. Acoustic associative behavior tests confirmed that Prestin-knockout mice can learn ultrahigh-frequency sound-coupled tasks, similar to control mice. Ex vivo cochlear Ca2+ imaging experiments demonstrated that without Prestin, the OHCs still exhibit ultrahigh-frequency transduction, which in contrast, can be abolished by a universal cation channel blocker, Gadolinium. In vivo salicylate treatment disrupts hearing at frequencies <40 kHz but not ultrahigh-frequency hearing. By pharmacogenetic manipulation, we showed that specific ablation of the OHCs largely abolished hearing at frequencies >40 kHz. These findings demonstrate that cochlear OHCs are the target cells that support ultrahigh-frequency transduction, which does not require Prestin.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cochlea/metabolism , Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer/metabolism , Hearing , Humans , Mammals/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Molecular Motor Proteins/metabolism
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2183-2190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936588

ABSTRACT

Increasingly researches suggested that intermittent fasting (IF) can be part of a healthy lifestyle, which can improve risk factors associated with obesity and diabetes. Based on LC-MS metabolomics technology, this study preliminarily discussed the effect of IF on the metabolism of mice under normal physiological conditions by detecting the fecal metabolites. All experiments were approved by the Animal Research Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The mice were subjected to intermittent fasting for 10 weeks by fasting for 24 hours on alternate days, and their feces at 5 and 10 weeks were collected. The results show that the weight, food and water intake was not significant altered in mice with IF, but fasting blood glucose level was decreased. We found that fecal metabolites change was present at 5-week, being more prominent in 10-week. Relative to the control mice, we detected 17 and 108 metabolites in two time points, respectively. These metabolites were mainly enriched in the pathways of linoleic acid metabolism and bile acid biosynthesis. We further found that 10 metabolites may be a close correlation with IF, which had the same change trend at two time points. In conclusion, the present study provides a new approach to study the metabolism mechanism in IF treatment of related diseases.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1887-1894, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929416

ABSTRACT

This study aims to construct a dynamic two-dimensional characterization technique for the hygroscopicity of traditional Chinese medicine extracts and investigate the effect of material properties of powders on hygroscopicity. The dynamic hygroscopicity-time curves of the powders were measured at 25 ℃ and 75% humidity, and the semi-equilibrium hygroscopicity time (t1/2) and equilibrium hygroscopicity (F∞) were derived as two-dimensional evaluation indicators. Finally, the correlation between the material properties and the hygroscopic behavior was analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares analysis (PLS). The results showed that the dynamic two-dimensional characterization system of hygroscopicity constructed with 1/t1/2 = 0.1 h-1 and F∞ = 15% as the center can classify the hygroscopic behavior of traditional Chinese medicine extracts into four categories: fast hygroscopicity with strong hygroscopicity, slow hygroscopicity with strong hygroscopicity, fast hygroscopicity with weak hygroscopicity and slow hygroscopicity with weak hygroscopicity. The moisture absorption was negatively correlated with D50, D90, ρb and ρt; the moisture absorption rate was negatively correlated with D10, D50, D90, ρb, ρt, and positively correlated with moisture content. The hygroscopicity dynamic two-dimensional characterization indicators of Chinese medicine extracts (CMEs) constructed in this study matched with the physical properties. The method of dynamic multi-dimensional characterization technology is feasible and scientific, and the idea has strong promotional value.

6.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 203-219, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929177

ABSTRACT

Many people affected by fragile X syndrome (FXS) and autism spectrum disorders have sensory processing deficits, such as hypersensitivity to auditory, tactile, and visual stimuli. Like FXS in humans, loss of Fmr1 in rodents also cause sensory, behavioral, and cognitive deficits. However, the neural mechanisms underlying sensory impairment, especially vision impairment, remain unclear. It remains elusive whether the visual processing deficits originate from corrupted inputs, impaired perception in the primary sensory cortex, or altered integration in the higher cortex, and there is no effective treatment. In this study, we used a genetic knockout mouse model (Fmr1KO), in vivo imaging, and behavioral measurements to show that the loss of Fmr1 impaired signal processing in the primary visual cortex (V1). Specifically, Fmr1KO mice showed enhanced responses to low-intensity stimuli but normal responses to high-intensity stimuli. This abnormality was accompanied by enhancements in local network connectivity in V1 microcircuits and increased dendritic complexity of V1 neurons. These effects were ameliorated by the acute application of GABAA receptor activators, which enhanced the activity of inhibitory neurons, or by reintroducing Fmr1 gene expression in knockout V1 neurons in both juvenile and young-adult mice. Overall, V1 plays an important role in the visual abnormalities of Fmr1KO mice and it could be possible to rescue the sensory disturbances in developed FXS and autism patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein/metabolism , Fragile X Syndrome/metabolism , Humans , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Neurons/metabolism
7.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 844-847, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) biliary stent implantation in patients with unresectable malignant biliary stricture (MBS) and the influencing factors of overall survival.Methods:The clinical data of 346 patients who underwent ERCP biliary stent implantation due to MBS from May 2013 to October 2016 in Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University, Shanxi Bethune Hospital and Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University were retrospectively analyzed, and the efficacy, complications and risk factors affecting overall survival were also analyzed.Results:After ERCP biliary stent implantation, the levels of total bilirubin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and alanine aminotransferase were lower than those before surgery (all P < 0.01). The incidence of infection after operation was 14.7% (51/346), and the incidence of biliary infection was 13.0% (45/346). The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was 4.6% (16/346). The median survival time after ERCP was 131.0 d (70.3 d, 246.5 d). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors affecting the overall survival patients included the hilar bile duct stenosis ( HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.44-2.38, P < 0.01), preoperative bilirubin level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 5 times ( HR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.30-2.36, P < 0.01), carbohydrate antigen 199 level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 10 times ( HR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.61, P = 0.050), vascular and organ metastasis ( HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.69, P = 0.023), and the poor jaundice decreasing level ( HR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.85, P = 0.037) . Conclusions:The ERCP biliary stent implantation is a safe and effective therapy for MBS. ERCP biliary stent implantation MBS patients with hilar bile duct stenosis, preoperative bilirubin levels more than 5 times of the upper limit of normal level, carbohydrate antigen 199 levels more than 10 times of the upper limit of normal level, vascular and organ metastasis, and poor jaundice decreasing level may have poor overall survival.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the improvement of medical service quality in a public hospital by integrating Kano and quality function deployment(QFD)technology, so as to provide reference for the improvement of service quality in hospitals.Methods:The Kano questionnaire of patients′ needs was designed, the attributes of patients′ needs were identified, and the importance of patients′ needs was calculated and determined. Then, using the house of quality technology in QFD, the patient needs were transformed into corresponding medical service quality assurance elements, and the improvement priority of each assurance element was determined through calculation.Results:The six quality assurance elements most expected to be improved by patients in the hospital were to improve medical level, strengthen service management, improve supervision and review mechanism, standardize complaint process, ensure drug safety and guidance, and track treatment effect.Conclusions:The integrated Kano-QFD technology can provide an effective methodological reference for improving the quality of medical service.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910036

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between femoral neck system (FNS) and inverted cannulated compression screws (ICCS) in the fixation of adult femoral neck fracture.Methods:The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed of the 119 patients with femoral neck fracture who had received FNS or ICCS internal fixation at Department of Traumatic Orthopedics, West China Hospital from September 2019 to June 2020. They were divided into 2 groups according to their internal fixation methods. In the FNS group of 62 patients, there were 38 males and 24 females, with an age of (54.0±13.0) years, and 13 cases of type Ⅱ, 34 cases of type Ⅲ and 15 cases of type Ⅳ according to the Garden classification; in the ICCS group of 57 patients, there were 42 males and 15 females, with an age of (53.2±11.3) years, and 9 cases of type Ⅱ, 33 cases of type Ⅲ and 15 cases of type Ⅳ according to the Garden classification. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy frequency, hospitalization time, fracture healing time, Harris hip score and incidence of complications were compared between the 2 groups.Results:The 2 groups were comparable due to insignificant differences in their preoperative general data or follow-up duration ( P>0.05). There were significant differences between the FNS and ICCS groups in fluoroscopy frequency [(8.8±2.9) times versus (15.6±3.4) times], operation time [(45.2±10.1) min versus (51.8±11.7) min], fracture healing time [(3.2±0.4) months versus (4.0±0.6) months], Harris hip score at the last follow-up [(91.8±4.4) points versus (84.6±3.3) points], and femoral neck shortening at the last follow-up, favoring the FNS group (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in follow-up time, hospitalization time, intraoperative blood loss or incidence of complications between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the fixation of adult femoral neck fractures, compared with ICCS, FNS can significantly reduce fluoroscopy frequency, shorten fracture healing and operation time, reduce risk of femoral neck shortening and hospitalization time, and promote functional recovery of the hip.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 415-421, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909885

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical outcomes of short-segmental fixation combined with vertebroplasty via bone cement-augmented screws in treating old osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral fracture nonunion (OOVFN) accompanied by spinal cord injury.Methods:A retrospective case series study was made on 32 patients with OOVFN accompanied by spinal cord injury admitted to Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology between October 2012 and November 2019, including 10 males and 22 females. The age ranged from 50 to 76 years [(62.4±8.0)years]. Level of injury was T 11 in patients, T 12 in 7, L 1 in 7, L 2 in 6, L 3 in 5, L 4 in 3. Frankel classification for spinal nerve injury was grade B in 7 patients, grade C in 13 and grade D in 12. All underwent short-segmental fixation combined with vertebroplasty via bone cement-augmented screws. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and volume of bone cement injected in the fracture vertebra were documented. The anterior and posterior vertebral height, Cobb angle for local kyphosis and spinal canal volume at the fracture level were measured to evaluate the reduction, and the visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and Frankel classification were used to evaluate clinical outcomes pre-, post-operatively and at the last follow-up. The post-operative complications were recorded. Results:All patients completed the follow-up, with the follow-up duration of 12-85 months [(44.8±17.5)months]. The operation time was 90-135 minutes[(109.5±14.1)minutes] and intraoperative blood loss was 80-220 ml[(157.2±38.5)ml]. The volume of bone cement injected in the fracture vertebra was 3.5-6.5 ml[(5.0±1.1)ml]. The anterior vertebral height was restored from (9.8±2.2)mm preoperatively to (19.8±2.7)mm at one week postoperatively and to (19.7±2.5)mm at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). The Cobb angle was corrected from (21.8±4.7)° preoperatively to (5.4±2.7)° at one week postoperatively and to (5.5±2.7)°at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). The cross-sectional area of spinal canal was enlarged from (595.8±102.3)mm 2 preoperatively to (1, 093.6±144.9)mm 2 at one week postoperatively and to (1, 103.9±147.9)mm 2 at the last follow-up ( P<0.01). The posterior vertebral height was maintained during the perioperative period ( P>0.05). The VAS and NDI decreased from (7.7±1.3)points and 79.1±14.7 preoperatively to (2.5±0.8)points, 31.8±9.8 at one week postoperatively and to (2.3±0.6)points and 31.8±9.8 at the final follow-up ( P<0.01). The spinal nerve injury showed improvement at the final follow-up, with Frankel grade B in 1 patients, grade C in 6, grade D in 15 and grade E in 10 ( P<0.01). Two patients with bone cement leakage into spinal canal were observed intraoperatively, which was cleared during decompression. Five patients with local bone cement leakage and no leakage into spinal canal were recorded during the follow-up. There was no neurological symptom deterioration, wound infection or internal fixation loosening or failure during the follow-up. Conclusion:For patients with OOVFN accompanied by spinal cord injury, short-segmental fixation combined with vertebroplasty via bone cement-augmented screws can restore and maintain vertebral alignment, relieve pain and promote neurological function recovery.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2906-2910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906660

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To realize refined management of tablets i n the inpatient pharmacy ,and to ensure the medication safety of patients. METHODS :Based on intelligent pharmacy ,the dispensing and packaging process under the automated drug dispensing and packaging system (ADDPS)mode was optimized and modified ;PDA barcode scanning technology was applied in all links of taking ,dismantling and adding ,so as to realize the real-time tracking of batch number and inventory ,and improve the drug closed-loop management of tablets. The error rate ,staff consumption time and pharmacist/nurse satisfaction were compared before and after the process improvement. RESULTS :After the process improvement ,the dispensing error rate was decreased from 1.637‰ before improvement to 0.082‰(P<0.01);the staff consumption time decreased from (7.52±0.33)h to (5.11±0.24)h (P<0.01);the pharmacist/nurse satisfaction increased from 66.5% to 93.4%(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Based on ADDPS ,the application of PDA barcode scanning technology standardizes the tablets management of inpatient pharmacy ,supplements and improves the drug closed-loop information ,realizes batch number tracking and inventory management ,reduces the occurrence of tablet dispensing errors ,improves the work efficiency and satisfaction of pharmacists ,and ensures the safety of clinical medication.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906328

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the efficacy of <italic>Usnea diffracta</italic> in treating atherosclerosis (AS) and the altered microbial flora in rat ileum based on the interior-exterior relationship between heart and small intestine in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Method:Forty-eight SD rats were randomized into a normal group (<italic>n</italic>=8) and a modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=40). The AS model was established with high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of vitamin D<sub>3</sub>. The successfully modeled rats were further randomly divided into the model group, positive control (simvastatin, 4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and low- (0.7 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (1.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (2.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) <italic>U. diffracta</italic> ethanol extract groups, with eight rats in each group. After four weeks of intervention, the blood, aorta, ileum, and ileum content of rats in each group were collected. The levels of serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS), tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the pathological changes in rat thoracic aorta was detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was conducted to determine the protein expression levels of tight junction protein zonula occluden (ZO-1) and Occludin in rat ileum, and the high-throughput 16S rRNA sequencing technology was employed to detect changes in microbial diversity and abundance in rat ileum of each group. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited obvious aortic plaque deposition, increased LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but decreased ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The comparison with the model group revealed that <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly ameliorated the aortic plaque deposition of model rats, lowered serum LPS, TNF-<italic>α</italic>, and IL-6 levels (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated ZO-1 and Occludin protein expression (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). The abundance of Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes in the model group changed significantly in contrast to that in the normal group, and the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes(B/F) value declined (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Alpha and Beta diversity analysis indicated higher total number of intestinal flora species in the model group, but lower richness and uneven distribution (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with a large number of pathogenic bacteria enriched. The ethanol extract of <italic>U. diffracta</italic> significantly increased the B/F value, corrected the structural disorder of microbial flora in ileum, reduced pathogenic bacteria, and increased the relative abundance of probiotics. Conclusion:<italic>U. diffracta</italic> exerts the therapeutic effect against AS possibly by improving the intestinal microbial communities, strengthening the intestinal mucosal barrier function, and reducing the serum LPS and inflammatory factors.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research status of the external use of medicinal materials and decoction pieces in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1), so as to provide reference for the clinical external use research of Chinese medicines. Method:The external function, usage, dosage and other information of medicinal materials and decoction pieces in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1) were analyzed and compared. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (volume 1), there were 165 kinds of Chinese medicines that could be used externally, including 25 kinds of Chinese medicines that clearly recorded their functions for external use, such as Euphorbiae Semen, Euphorbiae Semen Pulveratum, Arisaematis Rhizoma, Arisaematis Rhizoma Preparatum, Crotonis Fructus, Crotonis Semen Pulveratum, Nardostachyos Radix et Rhizoma, Artemisiae Argyi Folium, Alumen, Stemonae Radix, Genkwa Flos, Cera Flava, Mel, Psoraleae Fructus, Gardeniae Fructus, Calomelas, Bruceae Fructus, Drynariae Rhizoma, Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae Radix, Cuscutae Semen, Phytolaccae Radix, Meretricis Concha, Talcum, Talci Pulvis and Propolis. The amount of Chinese medicine for external use recorded in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> was mostly appropriate for external use, the amount for external use was not clear. The application method for external use focused on beating powder and applying the affected areas, decocting for fumigation and washing, simmering to paste, etc. Clinical external use was used for the treatment of eczema, tinea pedis, chapped skin and other skin diseases. Conclusion:The number of Chinese medicines recorded in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> for external use is increasing, but the function, dosage and usage of these Chinese medicines for external use still need to be improved.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of energy changes in the three stages of the formation of coronary heart disease due to blood stasis in rat model from the perspective of mitochondrial fusion-fission dynamic changes. Method:Thirty healthy male rats were divided into the blank control group (<italic>n</italic>=6) and model group (<italic>n</italic>=24) using SPSS 21.0 simple random sampling method. The rats in the blank control group were fed an ordinary diet, while those in the model group a high-fat diet. After seven days of adaptive feeding, the rats were treated with intragastric administration of vitamin D<sub>3</sub> (VitD<sub>3</sub>) at 300 000 U·kg<sup>-1</sup> and then at 200 000 U·kg<sup>-1</sup> 14 d later. The high-fat diet continued for 21 d, and six rats were randomly selected as samples for the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group, followed by model verification and sampling. The remaining rats continued to receive the high-fat diet for 30 d, and six were randomly selected and categorized into the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group, followed by model verification and sampling. The rest of rats were classified into the heart blood stasis syndrome group. While continuing the high-fat diet, they were also treated with multipoint subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (ISO,5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) for three consecutive days. One week later, the electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded for determining whether the modeling was successful and the samples were taken at the same time. The changes in mitochondrial morphology and quantity were observed under a transmission electron microscope. The expression of mitochondrial dynamics-related proteins was measured by Western blot and the cellular localization of related proteins by immunofluorescence assay. Result:The levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in the pre-stage and sub-stage blood stasis syndrome groups were significantly increased as compared with those in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The blood rheology index in the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group was significantly elevated in contrast to that in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The three-layered membrane of the aorta in the blank group was intact. However, the tunica media of the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group began to show obvious calcification, with a small number of inflammatory cells adhering to the intima. The subintima and media smooth muscles in the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group exhibited cavity structures. The three-layered structure of the arterial wall in the heart blood stasis syndrome group was severely damaged. The ECG of the blank control group revealed the regular appearance of P wave,regular QRS waveform (no broadening or deformity), and no obvious ST-segment depression or elevation. The ECG of the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group showed no obvious abnormalities as compared with that of the blank control group. In the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group, the ECG showed an upward trend of the J point and slight ST-segment elevation, with the elevation≤0.1 mV. The ECG in the heart blood stasis syndrome group displayed significant ST-segment depression (>0.1 mV) and J point depression >0.1 mV. The mitochondria in the blank control group were normal in size and morphology, with clear and dense cristae, whereas those in the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group were fusiform with sparse cristae. Some mitochondria in the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group were significantly elongated, and even vacuole-like changes were present. In the heart blood stasis syndrome group, the mitochondria were ruptured. As demonstrated by comparison with the blank control group, the expression levels of mitofusin 2 (Mfn2), dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1), and fission protein 1 (Fis1) in the model group were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group, the heart blood stasis syndrome group exhibited down-regulated Mfn2 (<italic>P<</italic>0.05). Compared with the blank control group and the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group, the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group and the heart blood stasis syndrome group displayed down-regulated optic atrophy 1(OPA1) (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The Drp1 and Fis1 protein expression declined significantly in the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group in comparison with that in the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of Mfn2 and Drp1 in the heart blood stasis syndrome group were lower than those in the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group (<italic>P<</italic>0.01). The comparison with the blank control group showed that Mfn2 and OPA1 were extensively accumulated in mitochondria of both the pre-stage and sub-stage blood stasis syndrome groups, while the red-stained Mfn2 was significantly reduced in the heart blood stasis syndrome group. The Drp1/Fis1 fluorescence was weak in the blank group and the pre-stage blood stasis syndrome group but strong in the sub-stage blood stasis syndrome group and heart blood stasis syndrome group. Conclusion:The cardiomyocyte mitochondria dynamics changes with the change in energy demand of cardiomyocytes. Mfn2 is dominated by fusion effect in the early stage of the formation of coronary heart disease due to blood stasis. With the gradual development of this disease, Mfn2 begins to mediate mitochondrial autophagy. OPA1 plays a role in intimal fusion and cristae integrity. The decreased OPA1 expression is closely related to the accelerated progression of coronary heart disease differentiated into blood stasis syndrome. The process by which Drp1 and Fis1 separate damaged mitochondria to prepare for mitochondrial autophagy contributes to alleviating the imbalance between the energy demand and supply of human body.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905938

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yangxin Tongmaifang (YXTM) on endogenous metabolites in the myocardial tissue of rats with coronary heart disease due to blood stasis based on the metabolomics approach, and to explore its mechanism in the treatment of heart blood stasis syndrome. Method:A rat model of chronic myocardial ischemia due to heart blood stasis was established via the high-fat diet combined with intragastric administration of vitamin D<sub>3</sub> and subcutaneous injection of isoproterenol (ISO), followed by the intervention with YXTM. The metabolites in the myocardial tissues of rats in the normal group (<italic>n</italic>=8), model group (<italic>n</italic>=8), and YXTM group (<italic>n</italic>=8) were detected by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry. The high-throughput metabolomics data were then subjected to multivariate statistical analysis using SIMCA 14.1, and the related metabolic pathways were analyzed with MetaboAnalyst. Result:The myocardial sample points of rats in the three groups were located in different areas of the elliptical confidence interval. The normal group and the model group were completely separated. There existed some crossovers and overlaps between the YXTM group and the normal group. The heart blood stasis syndrome model was proved successfully replicated from the perspective of metabolic profiling, and YXTM had the potential to promote the body to return to a normal state. After the intervention with YXTM, six differential metabolites changed significantly. Such metabolic pathways as valine, leucine, and isoleucine biosynthesis, pantothenate and coenzyme A (CoA) biosynthesis, valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation, biosynthesis of aminoacyl-transfer RNA synthetases, and purine metabolism were involved. Conclusion:The therapeutic effect of YXTM on heart blood stasis syndrome in rats is related to the improved levels of myocardial endogenous metabolites, and its mechanism involves phospholipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, inflammatory response, and platelet activation and aggregation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942573

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the short-term efficacy of anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (Omalizumab) in the treatment of recurrent chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) complicated with asthma. Methods: Patients with recurrent CRSwNP and comorbid asthma in Beijing TongRen Hospital from May to December of 2020 were continuously recruited and received a 4-month therapy of stable background treatment plus Omalizumab. Results of visual analog scales (VAS) of nasal symptoms, sino-nasal outcome test-22 (SNOT 22) and nasal polyp scores were collected at baseline and post-treatment (1, 2, 3 and 4 months after treatment). Blood routine tests, total nasal resistances (TNR), minimum cross-sectional areas (MCA), total nasal cavity volumes (NCV), forced expiratory volumes in one second (FEV1)/forced vital capacity (FVC) and adverse events were collected at baseline and 4 months after treatment. All results were evaluated for short-term efficacy of Omalizumab. GraphPad Prism 8.2.1 was used for statistic analysis. Results: Ten patients were collected, including 3 males and 7 females, aged (41.13±12.64) years old (x¯±s). Compared to results at baseline, the VAS scores of nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, hyposmia and headache after 4 months treatment were significantly decreased (1.80±1.48 vs 6.70±2.83, 2.40±1.27 vs 6.40±3.44, 2.70±2.91 vs 8.20±2.25, 0.60±1.08 vs 3.60±2.72, t value was 5.045, 4.243, 5.312, 3.402, respectively, all P<0.01). The scores of SNOT-22 (25.6±20 vs 61.3±33.32, t=4.127, P=0.002 6), nasal polyp scores (2.20±0.92 vs 4.60±0.84, t=9.000, P<0.01) and the count and percentage of eosinophils in peripheral blood were significantly decreased ((94.10±97.78)×109/L vs (360.00±210.80)×109/L, (32.90±27.06)% vs (64.40±20.73)%, t value was 3.678, 2.957, respectively, all P<0.05). NCV (0-5 cm and 0-7 cm) of patients were improved from baseline ((12.62±2.84) cm3 vs (10.40±2.09) cm3, (27.50±14.15) cm3 vs (16.81±6.40) cm3, t value was 2.371, 2.445, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions: The 4-month treatment of Omalizumab can significantly improve the nasal symptoms and quality of life of patients with recurrent CRSwNP complicated with asthma, shrink nasal polyps size and reduce the number of peripheral blood eosinophils. Omalizumab can be used as an alternative therapy for refractory CRSwNP patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic , Asthma/drug therapy , Chronic Disease , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps/drug therapy , Omalizumab/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Rhinitis/drug therapy
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of fumarate hydratase deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-RCC).@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of fumarate hydratase (FH) in tumor tissues of 109 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients aged 60 years and younger from the Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019. The clinicopathological data and prognosis of FH-RCC were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were eleven patients with FH-negative expression. Seven were males and four females. The age of onset ranged 16-53 years (mean age: 36.7 years), and four female patients all had a history of uterine leiomyoma. Only one first-degree relative of one patient had renal cancer, and none of the patients had a history or family history of cutaneous leiomyomas. The diameter of the tumor was 2.1-12.0 cm (mean: 8.83 cm). Renal sinus or perirenal fat invasion was seen in nine cases, tumor thrombus in renal vein or inferior vena cava in six cases, lymph node metastasis in seven cases, adrenal gland invasion in four cases and splenic capsule invasion in one case. The cases were initially diagnosed as type Ⅱ papillary RCC (7/49, 14.3%), collecting duct carcinoma (2/9, 22.2%) and unclassified RCC (2/51, 3.9%). Tumor histopathology mostly showed a mixture of different structures, such as papillary, tubular cystic, solid, and so on. The most common histological structures were papillary (9/11, 81.8%) and tubular (8/11, 72.7%). Three cases had sarcomatoid areas. At least focal eosinophilic nucleolus (WHO/grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ) and perinuclear halo could be seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stains of most tumors were negative for CA9, CD10 and CK7. The results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that there was no translocation or amplification of TFE3 gene in two cases with TFE3 IHC expression. All the patients were followed up for 11-82 months. Mean survival was 24 months. Five cases died of distant metastasis 9-31 months after operation (mean: 19 months), and five of the six patients alive had became metastatic.@*CONCLUSION@#Morphologically, FH-RCC overlaps with many types cell RCC. A mixture of papillary and tubular cystic arrangement is the most common growth pattern of FH-RCC. At least focally large and obvious eosinophilic nucleoli are an important histological feature of this tumor. The negative expression of FH can help to confirm the diagnosis. Young female RCC patients with uterine leiomyomas should be suspected of FH-RCC. Some FH-RCC cases lack clinical evidence. The suspicion raised by pathologists based on histological characteristics is often the key step to further genetic testing and the final diagnosis of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Female , Fumarate Hydratase/genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942227

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a preoperative evaluation system for partial nephrectomy using CT three-dimensional visualization technology and to explore its practical value.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of the patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal tumors in Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital were collected retrospectively. At the same time, the homogenized standard data of patients who underwent partial nephrectomy for renal tumors were collected in 16 clinical centers in China. The CT three-dimensional visualization system was applied (IPS system, Yorktal) to evaluate tumor anatomy, blood supply, perirenal fat and other information. The parameters were summarized to build a three-dimensional nephrometry system, on the basis of which virtual surgery design and intraoperative navigation were completed.@*RESULTS@#A three-dimensional visualization image was established based on the enhanced CT urography. The nephrometry system included the longest diameter and volume of the tumor, proportion volume of tumor invading the parenchyma, maximum depth of the tumor invading the parenchyma, contact surface area, flatness of the tumor surface, renal segment where the tumor was located, vascular variation, and perirenal fat. The average two-dimensional diameter of the tumor was (2.78±1.43) cm, the average three-dimensional maximum diameter was (3.09±1.35) cm, and the average postoperative pathological size was (3.01±1.38) cm. The maximum tumor diameter in the three-dimensional image was significantly related to the prolonged renal artery clamping time and intra-operative blood loss (r=0.502, P=0.020; r=0.403, P=0.046). The three-dimensional and pathological tumor volume were (25.7±48.4) cm3 and (33.0±36.4) cm3, respectively (P=0.229). The tumor volume was significantly related to the intraoperative blood loss (r=0.660, P < 0.001). The proportion volume of the tumor invading into renal parenchyma was significantly related to the prolongation of renal artery clamping and the occurrence of postoperative complications (r=0.410, P=0.041; r=0.587, P=0.005). The tumor contact surface area and the presence of vascular variation did not show correlation with the perioperative data and postoperative complications. While the preoperative evaluation was completed, the reconstructed three-dimensional image could be zoomed, rotated, combined display, color adjustment, transparency, and simulated cutting on the Touch Viewer system. The process generally consisted of showing or hiding the tissue, adjusting the transparency of the interested area, rotating and zooming the image to match the position of the surgical patient. Together, these functions met the requirements of preoperative virtual surgery plan and intraoperative auxiliary navigation.@*CONCLUSION@#Three-dimensional images can provide a more intuitive anatomical structure. The CT three-dimensional visua-lization system clearly displays tumor anatomical parameters, blood supply and perirenal fat. The three-dimensional nephrometry system for renal tumors can help predict the difficulty of partial nephrectomy and perioperative complications. Importing the reconstructed three-dimensional visualization image into the specified program or robot operating system can complete virtual surgery and intraoperative navigation, helping the surgeon to better grasp the surgical process. The indexes included in the nephrometry system and the score weights of each index need to be confirmed and perfected by multi-center study with large samples.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Kidney/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888672

ABSTRACT

Although there is guidance from different regulatory agencies, there are opportunities to bring greater consistency and stronger applicability to address the practical issues of establishing and operating a data monitoring committee (DMC) for clinical studies of Chinese medicine. We names it as a Chinese Medicine Data Monitoring Committee (CMDMC). A panel composed of clinical and statistical experts shared their experience and thoughts on the important aspects of CMDMCs. Subsequently, a community standard on CMDMCs (T/CACM 1323-2019) was issued by the China Association of Chinese Medicine on September 12, 2019. This paper summarizes the key content of this standard to help the sponsors of clinical studies establish and operate CMDMCs, which will further develop the scientific integrity and quality of clinical studies.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 911-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876258

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To d iscuss the monitoring platform of rational use management indexes of key monitored drugs ,and to provide reference for improving their clinical application management. METHODS :The method of literature research and expert demonstration was adopted ,the indexes of key monitored drugs in medical institutions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:Finally,Eight general indexes as the list of top 20 drugs purchased by medical institutions ,the specifications of key monitored drugs purchased ,the utilization rate of key monitored drugs of inpatient ,the proportion of key monitored drugs revenue,the increase in the cost of key monitored drugs of inpatient ,the increase in the cost of key monitored drug of single inpatient,the increase of the cost per time of key monitored drugs of inpatient ,the proportion of doctor ’s order review for key monitored drugs were defined. Four major data acquisition projects as the general information of medical institutions ,medical record homepage ,inpatient medication data ,and medical institution drug procurement data were also defined. The monitoring platform of key monitored drugs in medical institutions can provide reference for improving the management of clinical application of key monitored drugs.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL