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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate (artificial bone or mixed iliac bone graft) in the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 11 cases of foot and ankle osteomyelitis which had been treated at Department of Hand and Microsurgery, The Third Hospital of Baoji from October 2018 to October 2021. There were 8 males and 3 females, aged (42.3±23.7) years. The chronic hypotoxic osteomyelitis was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at one stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound. The acute infected trauma was repaired and reconstructed after thorough debridement at the second stage with a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone to fill the cavity and cover the wound only after the acute infection was controlled by local dressing, drainage or negative pressure therapy and systemic anti-infection treatment at the primary stage. The flap size ranged from 3.5 cm × 2.0 cm to 12.0 cm × 6.0 cm. Four cases were treated by a peroneal artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a flap with peroneal artery perforator and peroneal nerve trophic vessel combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, 3 cases by a posterior tibial artery perforator flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone, and one by a peroneus longus muscle flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone. Postoperatively, the flap survival, bone union time, ankle function and complications were observed; the therapeutic efficacy was evaluated by comparing infection control indexes at the final follow-up [clinical manifestations like local redness, swelling, pain, ulceration, and exudation, and white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and calcitoninogen (PCT)].Results:All the flaps survived except for one which developed necrosis at the distal 1/3 of the flap but responded to dressing change. All the patients were followed up for (22.6±11.5) months. The 6-month follow-up revealed that all the flaps were fine in shape and texture. Re-examinations showed that WBC, CRP, ESR and PCT were normal or close to normal, the local skin was free of redness, swelling or ulceration, and protective sensation was restored to varying degrees. X-ray at (12.1±2.3) months showed that lesions disappeared, bony union was achieved, the ankle joint regained basic flexion and extension, and the affected limb also regained weight-bearing and walking functions in all the patients but one whose X-ray at 18 months showed poor bony union but no other symptoms or signs.Conclusion:In the treatment of foot and ankle osteomyelitis, a calf tissue flap combined with antibiotic-loaded calcium sulfate artificial bone can promote bone healing and restore the function of the foot and ankle because it not only fills the cavity and covers the wound but also effectively controls the infection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 132-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the surgical method and clinical efficacy of applying calf tissue flap combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate in treatment of tibia osteomyelitis.Methods:From July 2018 to January 2021, calf tissue flaps combined with artificial bone of antibiotics loaded calcium sulphate (or mixed with iliac bone) were applied to treat 16 cases with tibia osteomyelitis in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. There were 10 males and 6 females, aged 15 to 64 years old, with a mean age of 41 years old. For the 5 cases with acute osteomyelitis caused by wound infection, local dressing changes and drainage or VSD wound management were applied after debridement, together with primary systemic anti-infection treatment. After the acute infection period had been under control and stabilised, the wounds were then thoroughly exposed and cavities were filled and covered with the surgical reconstruction procedure with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in combination with calf tissue flaps. For the 11 cases with chronic and hypotoxicity osteomyelitis, calf tissue flaps combined with antibiotics-blended artificial bone of calcium sulphate were applied to fill the cavity and cover the wound in phase I surgical reconstruction after thorough debridement. For the 7 cases with large bone defects or larger cavities after debridement, a mixed bone grafts of antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate and autologous iliac bone were employed, with muscle flaps or myocutaneous flaps for an embedding repair. Sizes of the tissue flaps were 2.0 cm×3.5 cm to 12.0 cm×23.0 cm. Clinical outcomes were evaluated through follow-ups at outpatient clinic. The therapeutic effect was evaluated by the method described by McKee et al.Results:Except for 1 case of distal necrosis of tissue flap and survived after dressing change, the other tissue flap survived successfully. Postoperative follow-ups lasted for 12 to 40(mean 18) months. All the osteomyelitis were successfully cured, except 1 that had recurrence of osteomyelitis 1 year later, and treated with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate combined with autologous iliac bone implants after thorough debridement, and then healed well. The shape and texture of flaps were good. Protective sensations were restored to vary levels after 6 months. The calf regained weight-bearing and walking functions at 1 year after surgery. According to McKee et al., the therapeutic effect was evaluated: 11 cases were cured, 4 cases were improved, and 1 case relapsed, with an effective rate of 93.8%.Conclusion:Application of calf tissue flap combined with antibiotics-loaded artificial bone of calcium sulphate in the treatment of tibia osteomyelitis has a high cure rate and remarkable efficacy. It can significantly reduce the number of surgeries and shorten the course of disease.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 144-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical technique and clinical effect of the island flap of dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery in repair of the soft tissue defect of digits.Methods:From March 2013 to March 2021, 22 cases of digit soft tissue defects were repaired with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap. The digit defects involved: 9 thumbs, 5 index fingers, 3 middle fingers, 3 ring fingers and 2 little fingers. The repair of defects covered 8 digit-tips, 7 pulps and 7 dorsal and nail beds. The defected area of soft tissue was 0.8 cm×0.5 cm-1.5 cm×8.0 cm, and the size of flap was 1.0 cm×0.7 cm-1.8 cm×1.0 cm. The donor site in 6 cases was closed directly. The other 16 cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft and pressurised bandaging. The follow-up reviews were carried out via the outpatient clinic visit, telephone or WeChat interview. Results:After operation, 1 flap had cyanosis due to a tight suture and it was relieved after the removal of intermittent suture; Tension blisters appeared in 2 cases and disappeared after 1 week; One case had necrosis at distal flap and healed after dressing change. Other flaps survived successfully and the incision and donor site healed in the first stage. All patients were entered to 6 to 18(mean 10) months of follow-up. At the final follow-up, the appearance and texture of the flaps were good and the protective sensation was restored. The flexion and extension function of the affected digit was normal with the TPD at 7-11 mm. The original shape and function of the digit body were basically reconstructed, except the failure in reconstruction of the special structure of digit body, such as nail, finger pulp thread and fine sensation. According to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Function of Chinese Hand Surgery Society, 11 cases were in excellent, 9 in good and 2 in fair. The excellent and good rate was 91%. The function at donor sites was not affected.Conclusion:Repair of digit soft tissue defect with dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery island flap is easy to operate, and with a low risk, high success rate and satisfactory curative effect.

4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 613-616, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in repairing soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.Methods:From August 2018 to August 2021, 15 cases of soft tissue defect of ankle and foot were repaired with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Baoji Third Hospital. Among them, there were 7 cases with soft tissue defect in heel, 6 cases in lateral ankle and 2 cases in front of ankle. The size of defects was 3.0 cm×3.5 cm-5.5 cm×4.0 cm, and the size of flaps was 5.0 cm×4.5 cm-12.0 cm×6.0 cm. In 7 cases, the donor sites were closed directly with the aid of small paddle. The donor sites in other cases were covered with medium thickness skin graft after the wounds were narrowed by pull-up suture. The clinical efficacy was evaluated by follow-up at outpatient clinic and via telephone or WeChat interviews. Functional recovery was evaluated according to the American Orthopedic Foot Ankle Society (AOFAS) -Marylad.Results:Among the 15 flaps, 2 had distal necrosis and healed after dressing change; One flap was swelling and had venous osculation, but relived 2 weeks later. The rest of the 12 flaps survived smoothly. At the final follow-up: the shape and texture of the flap were good, and the protective feeling was restored; The ankle also recovered the normal flexion, extension and weight-bearing. According to the AOFAS-Marylad, function recovery were excellent in 9 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 2 cases.Conclusion:It is simple, safe and reliable to repair the soft tissue defect of foot and ankle with propeller flap pedicled with perforating branch of peroneal artery. It does not sacrifice the main blood vessels of limb, and the blood supply of the flap is reliable. It is an ideal operation for repairing the soft tissue defects of ankle and foot.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 366-371, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarise the clinical efficacy and surgical indications for free hallux toe nail flap and adjacent island flap of the middle and ring fingers in repair of distal thumb degloving injuries.Methods:From May 2009 to May 2021, a total of 24 patients (24 digits) with degloving injury of distal thumbs were treated in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery of Baoji Third Hospital. The flap was selected according to the patient's wishes and occupation. Of the 24 patients, 13 were repaired by free hallux toe nail flap transfer (group of hallux toe nail flap), and 11 were repaired by combining the proper palmar digital artery island flap of middle (ulnar side) and ring (radial side) fingers with the same volar common digital artery vascular pedicle (group of tile combined flap). Follow-up was performed at the 1st, 3rd, 6th,12th and 18th months after surgery respectively through outpatient clinic and telephone or WeChat interviews. The follow-ups focused on the appearance, colour, texture and two-point discrimination (TPD) of the flap, as well as thumb flexion, extension, opposition and grasping functions. Functional recovery evaluated according to the Evaluation Standard of Upper Limb Partial Functional of Hand Surgery of Chinese Medical Association.Results:All the 24 flaps survived and all were included in the follow-up. The follow-up lasted 12-60 and 6-18 months, with an average of (18.5±0.5) months and (6.8±0.3) months in group of hallux toe nail flap and group of tile combined flap, respectively. Appearance of thumb body and function at the last follow-up showed: in the group of hallux toe nail flap, the nails, thumbtips and fine sensations were restored, with the TPD at 5-8 mm. The thumb flexion, extension, opposition and grasping functions were good. Apart from without nails and fingerprint, the flaps in the group of tile combined flap had good appearance and texture, and the protective feeling was restored with the TPD at 6-11 mm. The affected thumbs also recovered the basic functions of flexion, extension, opposition and grasping. According to the Trial Standard of Upper Limb Function Evaluation of the Chinese Medical Association Hand Surgery Society, 7 cases were excellent, 5 cases were good, and 1 case was poor in the group of hallux toe nail flap. In the group of tile combined flap, 3 cases were in excellent, 5 in good, and 3 in poor. Appearance of flaps (such as nails and thumbtip fingerprint), fine sensory recovery, and the accuracy and stability of the grasping function, the group of hallux toe nail flap was significantly better than that of the group of tile combined flap. There was no functional impact on the donor site.Conclusion:Both types of flap are classic surgical procedures for repair of distal thumb degloving injury. In order to meet the individual requirement and to improve the efficacy of the treatment, such as for those who have high expectation for digit restoration, especially those who are young with aesthetical or professional requirement, free hallux toe nail flap repair is used to restore the perfect shape and function. And for those who are reluctant to sacrifice their toes or for the middle-aged and elderly people who do not have high expectation for the shape of thumb, a tile combined flap repair is used to restore thumb function.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707543

ABSTRACT

Objective To report clinical application of free chimeric vascularized fibular graft combined with sural flap for reconstruction of composite extremity defects after open fracture.Methods From June 2010 to July 2014,free chimeric vascularized fibular grafts and sural flaps were used to treat 4 patients with composite extremity defects at Department of Orthopaedics,The Sixth People's Hospital.They were 3 men and one woman,aged from 39 to 61 years(average,48.5 years).There were 2 cases of soft tissue defects on the forearm complicated with radial defect,one case of soft tissue defects on the forearm complicated with ulnar shaft defect,and one case of soft tissue defects on the leg complicated with tibial defect.The length of bone defect ranged from 8 cm to 18 cm (average,13.0 cm);the size of soft tissue defects ranged from 22 cm × 6cmto23cm × 15 cm (average,22.3cm × 9.7cm).Results The area of flap ranged from 25 cm × 9 cm to 26 cm × 18 cm (average,25 cm × 13 cm);the length of fibular graft ranged from 8 cm to 18 cm (average,13 cm).The 4 patients were followed up for 8 to 42 months (average,20.5 months).All the chimeric flaps survived.All the fractures united after an average of 8.5 months.The last follow-ups revealed no refracture.All the patients were satisfied with the outcomes.Conclusion Free chimeric vascularized fibular graft combined with sural flap is a reliable choice for reconstruction of composite extremity defects after open fracture.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate changes over time in the shape and signal intensity of high intensity zone (HIZ) in the lumbar intervertebral discs on magnetic resonance images in patients with low back pain.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The imaging data were collected from 27 patients with low back pain, who underwent lumbar magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations that identified HIZ lesions and received follow-up MR examinations at least 1.5 years later over the period from January 2009 to January 2017. The initial and follow-up MR T2WI images of the patients were read by two experienced radiologists to categorize the changes in the shape of the HIZ lesions into enlarged, unchanged, shrunk, and disappeared. The volume and signal/cerebrospinal fluid signal intensity (T2/CSF) ratio of the HIZ were measured on sagittal MR images using ImageJ software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 43 HIZ lesions found in the initial examinations, 22 (51.2%) remained unchanged in the follow-up examinations, 10 (21.3%) were enlarged, 9 (20.9%) shrank, and 2 (23.3%) disappeared. The follow-up examinations revealed 4 new HIZ lesions in the intervertebral discs. The volumes of these lesions did not vary significantly in the follow-up examinations (=0.653), but the T2/CSF ratio was significantly higher in the follow-up than in the initial examinations (=0.043).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>After observation for an average of 3 years and 3 months, most of the HIZ lesions in the lumbar intervertebral discs of the patients with low back pain remained stable in shape, but their signal intensity on MR images increased.</p>

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619341

ABSTRACT

Objective:To invest the risk factors associated with delayed hemorrhage after pancreaticoduodenectomy occurred.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed from January 2012 to June 2015 Shengjing hospital 511 cases of patients who accepted pancreaticoduodenectomy.Results:The incidence of PD postoperative delayed hemorrhage was 8.81% (45/511).Univariate analysis shows:Preoperative bilirubin levels,pancreatic fistula,biliary fistula,postoperative abdominal infection are all the meaningful related factors(P<0.05).With the application of multivariate logistic regression analysis,pancreatic fistula (OR=2.158) and abdominal infection (OR=3.051) were independent risk factors for postoperative delayed hemorrhages (P<0.05).Conclusion:Dealing with the postoperative complications of PD like pancreatic fistula,abdominal infection and others,early detection and rapid diagnosis and correct treatment can effectively reduce the incidence of delayed hemorrhage.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326096

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the protein expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecules-1 (PECAM-1) in human coronary artery endothelial cells induced with Zinc Oxide Nanoparticle (ZnO-NPs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was used to determine the cell viability of ZnO-NPs. Levels of HO-1 and PECAM-1 protein in culture supernatants were measured using ELISA after human coronary artery endothelial cells were treated with different concentrations (0, 10, 20, 40µg/ml) of ZnO-NPs for 24 h.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cell viability of human coronary artery endothelial cells in each group was 89.76%, 83.61%, 63.10%, 53.20%, 48.11%, 42.35%, 38.06%, 25.44% respectively when treated with different concentrations of ZnO-NPs (12.5, 25, 50, 70, 80, 90, 100, 200µg/ml). Protein levels of HO-1 (ng/L) in each group were 0.041±0.011, 0.512±0.076, 0.906±0.059, 1.062±0.089 respectively after the stimulation of different concentrations of ZnO-NPs (0, 10, 20, 40µg/ml). Comparisons in each group were statistically significant (P < 0.05). Protein levels of PECAM-1 (µg/L) in each group were 7.966 ± 0.046, 7.993 ± 0.036, 8.629 ± 0.052, 8.811 ± 0.039 respectively after the stimulation of different concentrations of ZnO-NPs (0, 10, 20, 40 µg/ml). Compared with the control group, protein levels of PECAM-1 increased (P < 0.05) when the concentration of ZnO-NPs was 20µg/ml or 40 µg/ml.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ZnO-NPs stimulation could inhibit the viability of human coronary artery endothelial cells and upregulate the protein expression of HO-1 and PECAM-1.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets , Cell Survival , Coronary Vessels , Endothelial Cells , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Nanoparticles , Toxicity , Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Zinc Oxide , Toxicity
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