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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 417-422, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810016

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinicopathologic features and prognostic factors of mantle cell lymphoma(MCL).@*Methods@#The clinical data of 349 MCL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2004 to January 2016 were retrospectively collected. Corresponding histological sections were reviewed. Additional studies included immunohistochemical staining using the MaxVision two-step method, IgH/CCND1 fusion gene detection by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and correlative statistical analysis.@*Results@#Of 349 patients with MCL, the median patient age was 61 years (range: 25-83 years, M∶F=2.7∶1.0) and the age of 243 patients ranged from 51 to 70 years (69.6%). Those with B symptoms accounted for 22.4% (70/313). Most of the patients presented with superficial lymphadenopathy and the clinical stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ accounted for 76.1% (235/309). Extranodal involvement was seen in 47.9% (148/309), among which the gastrointestinal tract accounted for 31.8% (47/148) and splenic involvement accounted for 15.4% (47/305). Three hundred and nine (88.5%) cases were of classical type and 40 (11.5%) cases were of aggressive variant type, and all were composed of proliferating lymphoid cells. All the tumors were positive for CD20 and cyclin D1, and 98.6% (344/349) tumors were weakly positive or positive for CD5. FISH test was positive in 12 cases that were CD5 negative and with cyclin D1 partial expression.Two hundred and forty-three (69.6%) patients had a median follow-up of 26 months (range: 3-108 months). The 3- and 5-year overall survival rates for patients were 63.0% and 34.8%, respectively. Single factor analysis showed that age of >60 years, splenic involvement, aggressive variant type, incompletely overlapping type [Based on the degree of overlap ≥90% and <90% between the follicular dendritic cell (FDC) meshwork and tumor cells, the tumors were divided into the completely overlapped type and incompletely overlapped type] and Ki-67 index >40% had poor prognosis (P<0.05). Multiple factor Cox proportional risk regression analysis after removing the aggressive variant type showed that age, splenic involvement, the degree of overlap between the FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index were independent prognostic factors for overall survival rate of MCL patients (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#MCL is more commonly found among middle-aged and elderly men. Patient age, splenic involvement, degree of overlap between FDC meshwork and tumor cells and Ki-67 index are the independent prognostic indicators for MCL.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 763-768, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807530

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic features and prognosis of gastrointestinal mantle cell lymphoma (GI-MCL).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 38 GI-MCL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2002 to January 2016 were retrospectively reviewed morphologically and immunophenotypically. IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was assessed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). For comparison, 60 cases of non-GI-MCL were randomly selected to extract the differences inclinicopathological features and patient survival between the two groups.@*Results@#Of 38 patients with GI-MCL, the median age was 62 years (range: 35-78 years, 23 males and 15 females), of which patients of 60 years of age or older accounted for 55.3%. Patients with clinical course of less than 6 months accounted for 81.1%(30/37). The main symptoms included abdominal pain, diarrhea, anorexia and hematochezia. Those with B symptoms accounted for 32.4%(12/37). The tumor most often involved lleocecal region (57.9%, 22/38), followed by rectum (36.8%, 14/38) and sigmoid colon (28.9%, 11/37), and the stomach accounted for 18.4%(14/38). Endoscopic polypoid lesions were found in 33 cases (86.8%, 33/38), of which 22 cases (66.7%, 22/33) were multiple. Five cases (13.2%, 5/38) presented with local protuberant neoplasm. According to Ann Arbor staging, 3 cases (7.9%, 3/38) were at stage Ⅰ, 4 cases (10.5%, 4/38) were at stage Ⅱ, and 31 cases (81.6%, 31/38) were at stage Ⅳ. The number of patients with tumor involvement of abdominal and retroperitoneal lymph nodes accounted for 45.7%(16/35), including 41.7%(15/36) involving the superficial lymph node, 17.1%(6/35) involving extranodal sites, and 23.5%(8/34) having splenomegaly. All of the 38 cases were classic MCL, and the tumor was composed of uniform lymphoid cells and effacing normal mucosal structure. All tumors were positive for CD20 and CD5. 97.4% (37/38) tumors were positive for cyclin D1, and 92.0% (23/25) tumors were positive for SOX11. FISH test was positive in 1 case of cyclin D1 negative tumor. Twenty-eight patients (73.7%) had a median follow-up of 25.0 months (range: 3-79 months). The 3-year survival rate for stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ of patients were 80.0% and 69.1%, respectively (P> 0.05). The 3-year survival rate for GI-MCL and non-GI-MCL patients were 71.7% and 72.5%, respectively (P>0.05). Single factor analysis showed that age of >60 years and splenomegaly were correlated with a worse overall survival rate (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Gastrointestinal malaise is the most common presenting symptom in GI-MCL patients. GI-MCL more commonly involves colorectum with more frequent multiple polypoid lesions. Patients of age >60 years and with splenomegaly have poor prognosis. There is no difference in the prognosis between GI-MCL and non-GI-MCL patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 696-699, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807363

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the cut-off values of Ki-67 labeling index (LI) in the histological grading of follicular lymphoma (FL).@*Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 350 FL patients diagnosed at Beijing Friendship Hospital from June 2014 to January 2016 were analyzed retrospectively by quantitative evaluation and statistical analysis of Ki-67 LI.@*Results@#Of the 350 patients with FL, the male and female ratio was 1.1 and the average age was (50.2±14.0) years with a median age of 51 years (range 4 to 82 years). The tumors were graded as grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ in 215 cases (61.4%), grade Ⅲ A in 105 cases (30.0%), and grade Ⅲ B in 30 cases (8.6%). The average Ki-67 values were (22.8%±8.3%) for the FL low (grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ) and (50.4%±10.7%) for high grade (Ⅲ A and Ⅲ B) and were statistically significant by Mann Whitney U test (P<0.01). Receiver operated characteristic curve analysis showed that the best diagnostic cut-off value of low grade FL was 35% (sensitivity of 96.3% and specificity of 93.3%) with the largest area under curve (AUC=0.990, P<0.01, 95%CI for 0.982-0.998). According to the analysis of four lattice diagnostic tests, Ki-67 LI >40% was an important factor (χ2=230.733, P<0.01) in predicting high grade FL. When the cut-off value of Ki-67 LI was set at 40%, high grade LF could be diagnosed with the greatest sensitivity (98.1%) and specificity (87.7%). Moreover, a significant correlation between the Ki-67 LI and the pathological grade of FL (r=0.836, P<0.01) was observed.@*Conclusions@#Ki-67 LI of below a cut-off value of 35% is a reliable indicator of low grade FL.Ki-67 over 40% is consistent with high grade FL. These Ki-67 cut-off values may serveas an important auxiliary indicator in the grading of FL.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806239

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinicopathological features and prognosis of tonsillar mantle cell lymphoma(TMCL).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 25 patients with TMCL at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2002 to 2016 were included. All the cases were reviewed microscopically. Various immunohistochemical stains were performed using the MaxVision two-step method. IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization(FISH). Additionally, randomly selected 40 cases of non-tonsil MCL of the same period were compared.@*Results@#Among all mantle cell lymphomas (MCL), TMCL accounted for 5.6%(25/449). The median age of the patients was 60 years(range: 44-82 years) with a M∶F ratio of 5.3 to 1.0. The main symptoms were sore throat and foreign body sensation and patients usually presented with enlargement or mass of tonsil. At the early stage of the disease, 18 cases(72.0%) were clinically misdiagnosed as tonsillitis. Lymph node involvement was present in 76.0%(19/25) of the patients. There were 4 cases(16.0%)with current splenic involvement, 11 cases(44.0%) with pharyngeal focal recidivism, and 3 cases(12.0%) with involvement of other non-lymphoid organs. Morphologically, tonsillar architectures were effaced at various degrees. Eighteen MCL cases showed classical type and 7 cases were blastoid variant. All tumors were positive for CD20 and cyclin D1. 92.0%(23/25) tumors showed weakly positive or positive expression for CD5. FISH test that IgH/CCND1 gene fusion was positive in two CD5 negative classical cases. 18 patients(72.0%) had a median follow-up time of 26 months(range: 6-81 months). The difference of survival rate between stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ patients was not statistically significant(P>0.05). Compared with NTMCL, TMCL was found to have higher proportion of stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ disease (χ2=12.789, P<0.01), lower the proportion of non-lymphatic organ involvement (χ2=8.125, P<0.01), and better prognosis (χ2=4.351, P=0.037).@*Conclusion@#The incidence of TMCL is low and prone to be misdiagnosed as tonsillitis. Patients with TMCL are more likely at stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ at presentation and the prognosis is better than that of NTMCL.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 708-713, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809408

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics of neoplastic cell-rich mixed cellularity classical Hodgkin lymphoma(MCCHL-R) and to compare the prognosis with typical mixed cellularity classic Hodgkin lymphoma(MCCHL).@*Methods@#Fifty-four patients with MCCHL-R(the tumor cells >10%) and 65 patients with typical MCCHL identified from 1 721 Hodgkin lymphomas were reviewed to compare the clinicopathological characteristics including morphologic and immunophenotypic features, EBV infection status, clinical therapy and overall survival.@*Results@#The median age of the patients of MCCHL-R was 28.5 years(range: 9-76 years, male∶female=1.6∶1.0). Twenty-seven patients(50.0%) had B symptoms. Most patients had cervical lymph node involvement(81.5%, 44/54). Mediastinum and spleen involvement were seen in 69.2%(36/54) and 24.1%(13/54), respectively. Extranodal non-lymphoid organ involvement was seen in 41.3%(19/46) cases. Morphologically, lymph node architectures were effaced at various degree with large neoplastic cells of variable morphology, including Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg(H/RS) cells and anaplastic large cells. There were abundant background heterogeneous admixtures of non-neoplastic inflammatory and accessory cells that were predominant mature small lymphocytes. All tumors were positive for CD30 and weakly positive for PAX5. Epstein-Barr encoded RNA(EBER)detectable by in situ hybridization was seen in 39.0% cases. Forty-six patients had a median follow-up time of 32.5 months(range: 5-128 months) and the 5-year survival rate for stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ patients were 91.7% and 50.1%, respectively(P<0.05). The 5-year survival rate for MCCHL-R was lower than typical MCCHL patients. Single factor analysis showed that age of >45 years, extranodal involvement and stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ were correlated with poorer 5-year survival rate(P<0.05). Multiple factors Cox proportional hazards regression showed that extranodal involvement was the independent prognostic factor(RR: 4.352, 95%CI: 1.122-16.879, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#MCCHL-R is more common in young people. The tumor has pathological features of classic Hodgkin lymphoma enriched with the tumor cells(>10%) and similar immunophenotype to classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Compared with typical MCCHL, extranodal disease is an independent prognostic factor of MCCHL-R.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456377

ABSTRACT

Immune system is a security guard to help human body repel or remove bacteria, viruses, parasites and other fore-ign invaders .But when some tissue components or the immune system itself become abnormal, it can not distinguish friend from foe accurately and may attack our own tissue then cause some clinical symptoms, leading to autoimmune diseases. Nearly 5 % of the world's population suffer from various autoimmune diseases. By now in addition to control the formation of autoantigens such as infection,tiredness, the main biologics used in clinic are immunoregulators to block pathological autoimmune response and then to create a new proper immune response. Recently, new biologics to treat autoimmune disease come into being one after another, and this article gives a brief overview about research progress in anti-autoimmune disease biologics.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442487

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the chnical effect of posterior decompression and shortsegment pedicle instrumentation treating for thoracolumbar fracture with neurologic deficits in different time intervals.Methods Seventy-nine cases of thoracolumbar fracture with neurologic deficits were treated with shortsegment pedicle instrumentation combined with decompression according to the injury and surgery patients with injury of different time interval were divided into ≤24 h group (41 cases) and > 24 h group (38 cases),the curative effect was evaluated by imaging and nerve function recovery.Results Postoperative hospital stay were performed X-ray check,10-14 d after hospital discharge,were primary healing of incision.A total of 79 patients with thoracolumbar fracture combined with neurologic deficits were followed up for 23.5 (15-32) months averagely.Did not appear in the source sex procedure for postoperative infection,nerve injury and postoperative spinal cord injury aggravated phenomenon,not implants rupture,bending and screw loose phenomenon.There was significant difference at 3 d postoperative and the last follow-up in the rate of vertebral compression,cobb' s angle and spinal canal stenosis rate in two groups [≤ 24 h group:(7.9 ± 4.2)%,(8.5 ± 5.0)% vs.(40.8 ± 8.4)% and (3.9 ± 2.5)°,(4.2 ± 2.6)° vs.(28.1 ± 13.1)° ; > 24 h group:(8.8 ± 4.8)%,(9.2 ± 4.8)% vs.(41.7 ± 7.6)% and (5.3 ± 2.6)°,(5.7 ± 2.7)° vs.(27.6 ± 12.1)°] (P < 0.05),but there was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).The stenosis rate in two groups at 3 d postoperative was obviously better than preoperative[≤24 h group:(5.3 ± 1.5)% vs.(41.4 ± 6.1)%; > 24 h group:(6.8 ± 1.1)% vs.(40.5 ± 5.4)%] (P < 0.05),and ≤ 24 h group was superior to > 24 h group,there was significant difference (P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,the neurological function with ASIA grade 1-2 level recovery,≤24 h group mean improved 1.4 level,and > 24 h group mean improved 1.2 level.Conclusion The opertion of pedicle instrumentation combined with decompression with nerve function damage can rebuild spinal stability,favorable neural functional recovery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404369

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were widely used to prevent heterotopic bone formation following total hip arthroplasty (THA),however,its efficacy and safety is poorly understood.OBJECTIVE:To determine the efficacy and safety of postoperative NSAIDs therapy in patients undergoing THA using Meta analysis.METHODS:The databases of PubMed,Embase,Cochrane Library,Chinese biomedical literature,CNKI,VIP as well as bibliographies of retrieved articles were researched for randomized controlled trials comparing NSAID versus control after THA,and the data were analyzed using Review Manager 5.0.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 13 randomized controlled trials totaling 4706 participants were included.The result of meta analysis showed that low dose aspirin did not significantly affect the incidence of heterotopic bone formation (HBF) [RR=0.99,95% CI (0.87,1.14) rather than medium to high dose NSAIDs [RR=0.44,95% CI(0.30,0.64),there was no significant difference between two group in hip pain and physical function,the incidence of HBF was 16.0% in NSAID-group and 11.1% in 7 Gy group.Apart from low dose aspirin,medium to high doses of postoperative NSAIDs produce a substantial reduction in the incidence of HBF at the cost of minor high gastrointestinal side effect.Limited evidence showed there were no significant differences between the groups for improvements in hip pain and physical function,7 Gy fraction is more effective than use of NSAID.

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