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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 678-683, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To summarize and analyze the diagnostic ideas of new occupational lung tumors in Guangdong Province.METHODS: According to the Law of the People′s Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Occupational Disease and the GBZ 94-2002 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Cancer, the key diagnostic points of 6 new occupational lung tumors diagnosed in Guangdong Province from 2010 to 2011 were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 9 cases of 6 new kinds of new occupational tumors were diagnosed in Guangdong Province in 2010-2011. The cases included 3 occupational lung cancer of coke oven workers, 2 occupational lung cancer caused by asbestos, 1 occupational mesothelioma caused by asbestos, 1 occupational lung cancer caused by arsenate, 1 occupational lung cancer caused by chromate salt, and 1 occupational lung cancer caused by asphalt. During the process, the diagnosis was based on the principles of the comprehensive analysis and the attribution diagnosis, combined with occupational history, occupational disease hazard exposure history, clinical data and auxiliary examination results. If the patients were diagnosed with a primary tumor, the patients′ exposure history to occupational carcinogens should be tracked, traced and confirmed, and the diagnosis should be confirmed by referring to the list of occupational carcinogens and literature reports of the International Labor Organization, and not limited to only the personnel in a particular industry. CONCLUSION: During the diagnostic process of occupational tumors, attention should be paid to confirm the exposure history of occupational carcinogen. The key is to determine the exposure of corresponding occupational carcinogen, the route and the time of exposure and the incubation period.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 559-563, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881826

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of hemorheology and blood lipid index in patients with occupational hand-arm vibration disease(OHAVD). METHODS: A total of 78 patients with OHAVD were selected as the OHAVD group, and 78 workers without hand transmitted vibration exposure were selected as control group by judgment sampling method. The hemorrheology and blood lipid indexes of the two groups were detected. RESULTS: The whole blood viscosities(low-, medium-and high-shear), hematocrit, erythrocyte aggregation index, and abnormal rate of whole blood viscosities(mid-and high-shear) in the OHAVD group were higher in the OHAVD group than that in the control group(P<0.05). The erythrocyte deformability index and erythrocyte electrophoresis index were lower in the OHAVD group than that of the control group(P<0.05). In the vibration-induced white finger(VWF) subgroup of the OHAVD group, the whole blood viscosity(low-, medium-and high-shear), hematocrit were increased(P<0.05), and the abnormal rate of whole blood viscosity(high-shear) was higher(P<0.017) than that of the control group.The whole blood viscosity(medium shear), hematocrit and erythrocyte aggregation index were increased in the non-VWF subgroup than that of the control group(P<0.017). The concentration of low density lipoprotein cholesterol in the OHAVD group and non-VWF subgroup was higher than that in the control group(P<0.05). The whole blood viscosity(low-, medium-and high-shear), hematocrit, erythrocyte deformability index, erythrocyte aggregation index and erythrocyte electrophoresis index were not correlated with the length of service and age in the OHAVD group(P>0.05). CONCLUSION: The changes of hemorheological properties and blood lipids in OHAVD patients may be associated with vibration vascular injury.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 297-307, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture on peripheral nerve damage induced by 1-bromopropane( 1-BP) exposure.METHODS: A total of 25 specific pathogen free healthy adult male Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control group( n = 5),model control group( n = 10),and electroacupuncture treatment( EA) group( n = 10).Rats in the blank control group were not exposed to 1-BP and treated with electroacupuncture.The rats in model control group and EA group were placed in a dynamic inhalation exposure cabinet with 1-BP at concentration of 5 000 mg/m~3.The rats were continuously exposed to 1-BP 8 hours per day,5 days a week,for 4 weeks.At the 3 rd day after the end of the exposure,the EA group was treated with electroacupuncture on“Zu sanli”and“Huantiao”points for 4 courses.Each course included 20 minutes each time,once per day for 7 consecutive days.The body weight,the motor nerve conduction velocity( MCV) and sense nerve conduction velocity( SCV) of sciatic nerves on both posterior limbs of the rats were measured.RESULTS: During the course of 1-BP exposure,the rats in the EA and model control group showed reduction of eating,drinking and activities,limited autonomic activities and their hind limbs dragged.The MCV and SCV of posterior limb sciatic nerve of rats in the model control group were slower than that of the control group at the 4 th,6th and 8th week and the 0 week of the same group( P < 0.05).The MCV and SCV of posterior limb sciatic nerve of rats in the EA group improved with the increase of treatment time( P < 0.05),and those at the 6th and 8th weeks of the experiment( corresponding to the 2nd and 4th week after treatment) were faster than that of the model control group at the same time( P < 0.05).The SCV of the posterior limb sciatic nerve in the EA group recovered to normal level 4 weeks after treatment compared with the blank control group( P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture treatment can promote the recovery of peripheral nerve damage in rats with 1-BP poisoning.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 420-429, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881624

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish the clinical pathway of occupational medicamentosa-like dermatitis due to trichloroethylene(OMDT).METHODS: OMDT was selected as the clinical disease category.The diagnosis and treatment schemes of OMDT were determined and the clinical pathway was developed on the basis of evidence-based medicine,clinical data analysis,and the expert opinion as well as GBZ 185—2006 Diagnostic Criteria of Occupational Medicamentosa-like Dermatitis due to Trichloroethylene.The initial clinical validation was performed.RESULTS: We formulated the clinical pathway of OMDT for medical staffs,including standard hospitalization procedures(including normative use of glucocorticoids),Clinical Path Form,and Informed Consent for Glucocorticoid Therapy.The Clinical Pathway Notification of OMDT for patients or their family members was established.Based on the initial clinical verifications,the clinical pathway was conducive to optimize the medical process,none of the patients suffered from rebounds and complications,and the awareness of OMDT and satisfaction with treatments were improved.CONCLUSION: The clinical pathway for OMDT is scientific and reasonable,which is suitable for use to regulate medical behaviors.

5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 121-126, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the intervening effects of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells(BMMSCs) for pulmonary fibrosis of rats exposed to silica dust at different stages. METHODS: Specific pathogen free SD rats were randomly divided into model group,2-week group,4-week group and control group with 6 rats in each group(half males and half females). Rats of the first three groups were one-time endotracheally injected with 0. 5 mL aseptic silica suspension at 30 g/L mass concentration. Rats of control group were injected with 0. 5 mL 0. 90% sodium chloride solution. Rats of 2-week group and 4-week group were injected with 0. 5 mL BMMSCs suspension with cell density was 5 × 10~9/L at 2 weeks and 4 weeks respectively after silica dust exposure,while model group and control group were injected with aseptic 0. 90% sodium chloride solution in the same volume. After that all rats were examined by lung computed tomography(CT) scan,pathological sections were observed,lung coefficient were measured,lung tissue hydroxyproline(HYP) content and serum transforming growth factor β1(TGF-β1) concentration were investigated at the 12 th week after silica dust exposure. RESULTS: Lung CT image showed clean lung field and clear pulmonary parenchyma in control group.Multiple and diffused high density granular shadows of different size and streak/reticular fiber shadows in model group;diffused distribution of very small granular shadows in 2-week group; granular shadows and local reticular fiber shadows in 4-week group,and either the size or the area of granular shadows was smaller than model group. The lung CT value,lung coefficient,lung tissue HYP content and serum TGF-β1 concentration of model group,2-week group and 4-week group were higher than those of control group(P < 0. 05). The lung CT value,lung tissue HYP content and serum TGF-β1 concentration of control group,2-week group,4-week group and model group were elevated in turn(P < 0. 05),while the lung coefficient of model group and 4-week group was higher than that of 2-week group respectively(P < 0. 05).CONCLUSION: BMMSCs could delay pulmonary fibrosis caused by silica dust,and the protective effect is better at early stage than later stage of fibrosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476837

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s transplanted into rats exposed to silica dust can home to the injured lung, but the homing effects via different ways are stil unclear. OBJECTIVE:To comparatively observe the distribution of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s transplanted via different ways into rats exposed to silica dust. METHODS:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s of donor rats were isolated through whole bone marrow adherent method and transfected by Lv-eGFP. Receptor rats were exposed to silica dust through windpipe injection and randomly divided into intravenous injection and intratracheal injection groups. Then, transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were injected via the vein and trachea into acceptor rats. The acceptor rats were kil ed at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 after transplantation to take the lung, heart, liver, spleen, kidney, and brain tissue that were made into frozen sections and observed under fluorescence microscopy. The intensity of green fluorescence (absorbance value) was analyzed using image analysis software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Strong, wide and lasting green fluorescence was both observed in the lung tissue of intravenous injection and intratracheal injection groups, which was especial y remarkable around the bronchus and blood vessels. The fluorescence intensities of both two groups were slightly decreased with time, but there was no difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The fluorescence in the other organs of both two groups was also observed at early stage. It was stronger and wider in the liver, spleen and heart, while fainter and less in the kidney and brain, and reduced with time in al the organs. Fluorescence could be observed few and faint only in the liver and spleen at late stage, and could hardly be seen in the brain. The fluorescence intensities of the liver, spleen, heart, kidney and brain had no significant difference between the two groups at the same time (P>0.05), but the fluorescence intensity in the brain at the 1st week showed significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). These findings indicate that the intravenous injection and intratracheal injection of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s have similar homing effects in rats exposed to silica dust.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467240

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transplantationvia the trachea can relieve the lung injury of rats exposed to silica dust, but their distribution and migrationin vivois stil unclear. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the distribution and homing of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transplanted via the trachea into rats exposed to silica dust. METHODS: Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels from Sprague-Dawley rats were isolated through bone marrow adherent method and transfected with lentivirus carrying enhanced green fluorescent protein gene (Lv-eGFP). Trypan blue staining and cel counting kit-8 were applied to assay the viability and proliferation of the transfected and untransfected cels. Sprague-Dawley rats, SPF level, were randomized into control group and silica dust exposure group. Rats in the two groups were respectively injectedvia the trachea with 1 mL of sterile silica dust suspensions (40 g/L) and 1 mL of normal saline. At 2 days after modeling, 2.2×106 transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels were injected via the trachea into the rats of control group and silica dust exposure group. Rats were kiled at weeks 1, 2, 3, 4 after transplantation, and the distribution and intensity of green fluorescence in the lung, heart, liver, spleen, kidney, and brain tissue were observed under the fluorescence microscopy by frozen sections and analyzed using imaging analysis software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: When the multiplicity of infection was 50, there were no significant differences between the viability and proliferation activity of the transfected and untransfected cels (P > 0.05). After transplantation of transfected bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels, strong green fluorescence was observed widely in the lung, especialy around the bronchus and blood vessels, and stil obvious at the 4th week. The fluorescence of other organs also could be observed at the 1st week. It was strong and wide in the liver, spleen and heart, while faint and less in the kidney and brain, and al reduced with time. It shows bone marrow mesenchymal stem cels transplantedvia the trachea into rats exposed to silica dust can be homing to the injured lung of rats.

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