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China Pharmacy ; (12): 3493-3495, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501051


OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of electrolyte on the stability of the neonatal parenteral nutrition. METHODS:Under room temperature(25 ℃),the neonatal parenteral nutrition containing only monovalent or bivalent ion electrolyte(10% So-dium chloride injection,10% Potassium chloride injection,25% Magnesium sulfate injection,and Calcium gluconate injection) and containing both monovalent and bivalent ion electrolyte were investigated by the change of appearance to determine the pH val-ue,insoluble particles and the size and distribution (polydispersity index,PDI) within 24 h. RESULTS:The pH of the nutrition with electrolyte was over 5 and also met the quality requirements;there were no precipitate,flocculation and discoloration in the appearance;the neonatal parenteral nutrition containing only monovalent ion electrolyte appeared a small amount of hanging wall phenomenon for 24 h,but did not appear demulsification phenomenon;the neonatal parenteral nutrition containing only bivalent ion electrolyte appeared a small amount of hanging wall phenomenon and demulsification phenomenon for 24 h;the neonatal paren-teral nutrition containing both monovalent and bivalent ion electrolyte appeared a small amount of hanging wall phenomenon and de-mulsification phenomenon for 12 h and the hanging wall phenomenon was more obvious for 24 h. Meanwhile,a size bigger than 5μm microns and particle size bigger than 25 μm microns of insoluble particles appeared,and both the average particle size and PDI value were higher than those in the previous two situations(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:As more and more monovalent and biva-lent ion electrolyte being added into the neonatal parenteral nutrition,especially divalent ion electrolyte,the stability of the neona-tal parenteral nutrition decreases,which behaves as a phenomenon that the size of grains and the number of insoluble particles in-crease.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-234332


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the gene mutation frequencies and patterns of β-thalassemia (β-thal) in the minority populations of Guizhou province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three thousand and five hundred couples in the reproductive age were screened by using automatic hemocyte analyzer and hemoglobin autoanalyzer-variant. The diagnostic criteria for β-thal were: the mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was ≤ 82 fl, and the HbA(2) level was ≥ 3.5%. A total of 194 positive samples were detected and further identified by PCR-reverse dot blot (PCR-RDB) assay for 18 common β -thal mutations in Chinese population. Those subjects with positive phenotypes but without the 18 common β-thal mutations were subjected to DNA sequence analysis of the β-globin gene.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>One hundred and eighty-nine samples with gene mutations were observed from the 3500 samples, with the incidence of β-thal being 5.4%. A total of 10 different β-thal mutations were identified from the 189 diagnosed samples. The five most common mutations were as the following: CD17 (43.9%), CD41-42 (38.6%), IVS-II-654(10.1%), -28 (2.6%) and CD71-72 (1.6%). In addition, a novel β-globin gene mutation (-CD53) allele was detected. One rare mutation of IntM was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The minority population in Guizhou province is of high risk of β-thal. It is recommended that more attention should be paid to detect the carriers of β-thal in the population in reproductive age by hematologic screening and common gene diagnosis in the area with high risk of β-thal.</p>

Adult , Base Sequence , China , Ethnology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Ethnicity , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Young Adult , beta-Globins , Genetics , beta-Thalassemia , Genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-551291


Chemiluminescence method was used to measure: (1) active oxygen species generation induced by respiratory burst of polymor-phonuclear leucocytes (PMNs) from human blood stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA); (2) superoxide (O2) induced by xan-thine-xanthine oxidase system; (3) hydroxyl radicals ( ? OH ) generated by Vit C- Cu2+- zy-mosan; (4) the release of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Effects of polydatin IV on these active oxygen species were observed. The resultsshowed early stage of respiratory burst of PMNs was inhibited,but the later stage was delayed by polydatin IV, (2), (3) adn (4) were scavenged by polydatin IV and their median inhibitory concentrations (IC50?mol ? L-1) were 14.6,29.6 and 13.0 respectively. The results suggested that polydatin IV was a scavenger.