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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871844


Objective:To observe the changes in refractive status of eyes with idiopathic macular hole (IMH) after vitrectomy and phacoemulsification and IOL implantation (combined surgery).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2016 to June 2019, 51patients (56 eyes) of IMH who underwent combined surgery at the Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital. were included in the study. Among them, there were 17 males and 34 females with the average age of 66.79±4.33 years. All the affected eyes underwent BCVA, retinoscopy and axial length (AL) measurement. The IOL power was calculated according to the SRK-T formula and the refractive power (predicted value) was predicted. The average BCVA of the affected eye was 0.20±0.13. The average anterior chamber depth was 2.89±0.28 mm. The average △corneal astigmatism was 0.73±0.43 D, the average AL was 22.92±0.70 mm, the average predicted refractive power was 0.10±0.66 D. All the affected eyes underwent standard transciliary flat part three-channel 25G combined surgery. Six months after the operation, the actual value (actual value) of the diopter after the operation was measured with the same equipment and method before the operation. Paired t test was used to compare the difference between the predicted value and the actual value. Results:Six months after the operation, the actual value of the refractive power was -0.19±0.64 D. Compared with the pre-operative refractive power, the difference was not statistically significant ( t=1.665, P=0.102). The difference between the actual value and the predicted value was -0.33± 0.81 D. Conclusions:The refractive status of the IMH eye undergoes myopia drift after combined surgery. The preoperative IOL power budget can be appropriately reserved for +0.3 D hyperopia.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871729


Objective:To observe the changes of follistatin-like protein 1 (FSTL1) in serum of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods:Twenty PDR patients confirmed by clinical examination and 20 normal people were included in the study. Human retinal vascular endothelial cells (HRCEC) were divided into HRCEC blank control group, 3 h hypoxia group, 6 h hypoxia group. Human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) were divided into HUVEC blank control group, 3h hypoxia group, 6h hypoxia group. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and ELISA were used to determine the expression of FSTL1, TGF-β, VEGF, connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) mRNA and protein in peripheral blood and cells of all groups from all subjects.Results:The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, VEGF mRNA in blood samples of patients with PDR were 1.79±0.58, 0.97±0.21, 1.85±0.69 and 1.38±0.44. The expressions of FSTL1, TGF-β1 protein were 1.19±0.50, 0.71±0.24 ng/ml and 734.03±116.45, 649.36±44.23 ng/L. Compared with normal people, the differences were statistically significant ( tmRNA=0.90, 0.21, 2.85, 1.77; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.04, 0.02. tprotein=1.88, 7.68; P=0.00, 0.02). The cell viability of HRCEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.66±0.05 and 0.64±0.04, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=13.02, P=0.00). The cell viability of HUVEC cells in the 3 h hypoxia group and the 6 h hypoxia group were 0.63±0.06 and 0.68±0.06, respectively. Compared with the blank control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F=26.52, P=0.00). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HRCEC blank control group and 3 h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=14.75, 44.93, 85.54, 6.23; P=0.01, 0.00, 0.00, 0.03). Compared with the HRCEC blank control and 3 h hypoxia group, the expressions of FSTL1 and TGF-β1 protein were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference in TGF-β1 protein expression in the hypoxic 6 h group ( P=0.03) and no significant difference in FSTL1 protein expression ( P=0.68). Comparison of FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF mRNA expression in HUVEC blank control group and 3h hypoxia group, the differences were statistically significant ( F=19.08, 25.12, 22.89, 13.07; P=0.00, 0.00, 0.00, 0.01). Immunofluorescence staining results showed that FSTL1, TGF-β1, CTGF, and VEGF proteins were positively expressed in cells in the 3h hypoxia and 6h hypoxia groups. Conclusion:The expression of FSTL1 gene and protein in serum of PDR patients was significantly higher than that of normal people.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698105


Objective To investigate the auditory features in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea hy-popnea syndrome(OSAHS) and the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on auditory functions . Methods Pure tone audiometry thresholds ,auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and distortion product otoacoustic emissions(DPOAE) were performed in three groups with 12 observed objects in each group ,which were the OS-AHS group(before and after treatment of CPAP) ,the simple snoring group and the normal control group .Results In the OSAHS group ,the high frequency auditory thresholds(at 8000 Hz) were greatly higher and the amplitudes of DPOAE reduced ;the detection rates of DPOAE were obviously declined .The peak latencies of Ⅰ ,Ⅲ and Ⅴ , and interpeak latencies of Ⅲ - Ⅴ andⅠ - Ⅴ were longer than those of in the other two groups .The differences were statistically significant(P<0 .05) .The differences of the interpeak latencies of Ⅰ - Ⅲ ,common pure tone au-ditory thresholds (125~4000 Hz) and the thresholds of Ⅴ -wave reaction in the OSAHS group did not change sig-nificantly compared with the other two groups(P>0 .05) .The amplitudes and the detection rates of DPOAEs (0 .5~8 kHz) increased after treatment with CPAP .The differences were statistically significant except the amplitudes of 500 ,750 and 1500 Hz (P<0 .05) .Pure tone audiometry and ABRs did not changed significantly after treatment with CPAP (P> 0 .05) .Conclusion The auditory functions of patients diagnosed with severe OSAHS were im-paired .Treatments with CPAP can partly improve the patients' auditory functions .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711972


Objective To construct the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) recombinant interference vector (shRNA) and observe its inhibitory effect on the expression of endogenous CTGF in retinal vascular endothelial cells.Methods The human CTGF shRNA was constructed and the high-titer CTGF shRNA lentivirus particles was acquired via three-plasmid lentivirus packaging system to infect retinal vascular endothelial cells.The optimal multiplicity and onset time of lentivirus infection were identified by tracing down the red florescent protein in interference vector.The cells were classified into three groups:blank control group,infection control group and CTGF knockdown group.The differences in cells migrating ability was observed through Transwell allay.The mRNA and protein expression of CTGF,fibronectin,a-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen Ⅰ (Col Ⅰ) were quantified through real-time PCR testing and Western blot system.Data between the three groups were examined via one-way analysis of variance.Results The result showed that an optimal multiplicity of 20 and onset time of 72 hours were the requirements to optimize lentivirus infection.Transwell allay result showed a contrast in the number of migrated cells in the CTGF knockdown group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=20.64,P=0.002).Real-time PCR testing showed a contrast in related gene expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the CTGF knocked-down group and that in the blank control group and infection control group (F=128.83,124.44,144.76,1 374.44;P=0.000,0.000,0.000,0.000).Western blot system showed the statistical significance of the contrasted number of related protein expression (CTGF,fibronectin,α-SMA and Col Ⅰ) in the knockdown group and that in the blank control group (F=22.55,41.60,25.73,161.68;P=0.002,0.000,0.001,0.000).Conclusion The success in producing CTGF shRNA lentivirus particle suggests that CTGF shRNA lentivirus can effectively knock down CTGF expression.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711918


Objective To observe RNA-Seq analysis of gene expression profiling in human retinal vascular endothelial cells after anti-vascular endothecial growth factor (VEGF) treatment.Methods Cultured the retinal vascular endothelial cells in vitro and logarithmic growth phase cells were used for experiments.The cells were divided into VEGF group and VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drugs group.The VEGF group cells were treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF for 72 h to simulate the high VEGF survival conditions of vascular endothelial cells in diabetic retinopathy.VEGF combined with anti-VEGF drug group cells was treated with 50 ng/ml VEGF and 2.5 μg/ml anti-VEGF drugs for 72 h to imitate the microenvironment of cells following the anti-VEGF drugs treatment,and whole transcriptome sequencing approach was applied to the above two groups of cells through RNA-Seq.Now with biological big data obtained as a basis,to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs).And through enrichment analysis to explain the differential functions of DEGs and their signal pathways.Results The gene expression profiles of the two groups of cells were obtained.Through analysis,328 DEGs were found,including 194 upregulated and 133 downregulated ones.The functions of DEGs were influenced by regulations over molecular biological process,cellular energy metabolism and protein synthesis,etc.Among these genes,SI,PRX and HPGD were related to protein synthesis,BIRCT to cellular apoptosis,and ABLIM 1 and CRB2 to retinal development,and ABCG 1,ABCA9 and ABCA12 were associated with the cholesterol of macrophage and the transfer of phospholipid.GO enrichment analysis showed that DEGs mainly act in three ways:regulating biological behavior,organizing cellular component and performing molecular function.Pathway enrichment analysis showed that gene expressions of the two cell groups were differentiated in ECM receptor pathway,and Notch,mitogen-activated protein kinase,transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and Wnt signal pathways.Among them,the gene expression in TGF-β signal pathway attracts most attention,where the DEGs,such as CAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and HS6ST2,among others,were closely related to fibrosis process.Conclusion The anti-VEGF drugs may enhance the expression ofCAMK2B,COL3A1,CYGB,PTGER2 and others genes related to TGF-β signal pathway and aggravate retinal fibrosis disease.