Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 22
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 413-425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the technique between concave distraction and convex resection in the treatment of congenital cervicothoracic scoliosis and evaluate its curative effect.Methods:Data of congenital cervicothoracic scoliosis patients from January 2010 to January 2020 were collected, among which 5 were males and 3 were females. The patients' age was 12.5±4.5 years old (range 6-20 years old). One case had C 7 wedged vertebra, 4 cases had T 1 hemivertebra and unbalanced vertebra, 2 cases had T 2 hemivertebra and 1 case had fused facet joint and wedged lamina in T 1. All patients had different degrees of vertebra fusion. Convex resection technique (one stage anterior and posterior combined hemivertebrae resection and annular osteotomy) was used to treat 4 cases before 2015; Concave distraction technique (A combination of anterior and posterior release, intervertebral space and facet space distraction, cage placed and fusion) was used to treat 4 cases after 2015 and 2 of them had 2 segments distraction. Perioperative neurological, vascular and wound related complications were recorded. The main parameters were structure Cobb angle, cephalic and caudal compensatory Cobb angle, mandibular incline, neck tilt, shoulder balance and head shift were measured pre-operation, post-operation and at the last follow-up. Results:All patients' surgeries were completed successfully. In convex resection group, the duration of surgery was 201±100 min (range 113-300 min) per vertebra, the estimated blood loss was 294±153 ml (range 100-450 ml) per vertebra, the hospital stay was 14±3 d (range 11-18 d) and follow up time was 51±11 months (range 36-60 months). In concave distraction group, the duration of surgery was 117±14 min (range 101-129 min) per vertebra, the estimated blood loss was 119±36 ml (range 85-167 ml) per vertebra, hospital stay was 17±3 d (range 14-20 d) and follow up time was 28±21 months (range 12-60 months). Convex resection group had longer operation time and more blood loss per vertebra than concave distraction group. In convex resection group, structural Cobb angle was 45.1°±21.0° pre-operation and 22.7°±15.3° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( Z=6.53, P=0.038). The correction rate was 54.8%±30.9%. Cephalic compensatory Cobb angle was 22.1°±8.2° pre-operation and 8.2°±5.8° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( F=6.01, P=0.049). The correction rate was 66.8%±15.1%. Mandible incline was 7.8°±3.1° pre-operation and 3.5°±1.5° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( F=8.02, P=0.018). The correction rate was 51.0%±29.7%. In concave distraction group, structural Cobb angle was 32.2°±27.2° pre-operation and 16.3°±16.7° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( F=7.43, P=0.024) . The correction rate was 59.0%±24.7%. Caudal compensatory Cobb angle was 18.9°(17.2°, 32.1°) pre-operation and 9.5°±10.3° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( Z=6.00, P=0.049). The correction rate was 64.0%±24.1%. Clavicle angle was 3.9°±2.3° pre-operation and 0.3°±0.4° post-operation, which was corrected significantly ( F=1.75, P=0.040). The correction rate was 97.0% (48.5%, 99.8%). There was no significant difference in the correction rate of all radiographic parameters between the two groups. At the last follow-up, the patients' appearance of head, neck and shoulder were improved compared with those before surgery. In convex resection group, 2 patients showed nerve root stimulation symptoms postoperatively on convex side. One patient developed C 5 nerve root palsy which weakened deltoid muscle and the other patients presented with reduced triceps muscle strength. In concave distraction group, one patient developed C 5 nerve root palsy on convex side. All these symptoms recovered by conservative treatment 3 months after operation. Conclusion:It is safe and effective to treat congenital cervicothoracic scoliosis with convex resection technique and concave distraction technique. The concave distraction technique has the advantages of more safety, less operating time, less blood loss and easier to perform and has a wider application prospect.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 121-128, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932815

ABSTRACT

Ossification of the spinal ligaments (OSL) is characterized by the appearance of pathologic bone tissue within the spinal ligamentous tissue. OSL tends to occur in the cervical and thoracic segments with important cause of spinal stenosis. Compression of the spinal cord or nerve roots by ossified masses can lead to severe neurological dysfunction, which has a tremendous impact on the quality of life of patients. However, the exact etiology and pathogenesis of OSL are still unclear. Epigenetic regulation is widespread in organisms and refers to the appearance of heritable changes in gene expression without alteration in genomic DNA sequence. As an important form of biodiversity regulation, epigenetic regulation plays an important role in development of several diseases. Epigenetic regulation has multiple manifestations in OSL, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNA regulation. Sequencing tools, such as gene microarrays, have revealed significant differences in DNA methylation profiles and non-coding RNA expression between ossified and normal spinal ligaments. These differences can cause abnormal expression of osteogenesis-related target genes through direct or indirect pathways, thus affecting the ossification process of spinal ligaments. In addition, interactions between these epigenetic regulatory mechanisms constitute a large and complex regulatory network. Consequently, an in-depth understanding of the role of different epigenetic regulatory mechanisms and the linkages between them in the initiation and progression stages of OSL is expected to provide a valuable reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of OSL-related diseases.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 903-910, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910672

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety, feasibility, and short-term outcome ofdistraction on the concave side in the treatment of patients with congenital cervical scoliosis.Methods:Between August 2015 and December 2019, 11 patients with congenital cervical scoliosis underwent distraction technique on concave side, among which 5 were males and 6 were females. Age was 9.9±3.1 years old (range 6-16 years old). The primary cervical spine deformity was hemi-vertebra with different degrees of vertebra fusion. 7 cases were in C 3, 3 cases were in C 4 and 1 case was in C 5. Anterior-posterior combined approach was used. Firstly, discectomy and soft tissue release on concave side were made through anterior approach, then distraction on concave side and fusion with internal fixation were made through posterior approach and at last fixation and fusion in anterior approach were made. In this study we measured structure Cobb angle, compensatory Cobb angle, mandibular incline, shoulder balance and the angle difference of trapezius muscle preoperation and post operation. Perioperative neurological,vascular and wound related complicationswere recorded. Results:All patients' surgeries were completed successfully. Eight patients received single site distraction and 3 patients received distraction in two sites. The duration of surgery was 466±141 min (range 150-659 min), the estimated blood losswas 387±191 ml (range 100-660 ml) and follow up time was 12.2±9.5 months (range 3-24 months). Structural Cobb angle was 28.9°±13.1° pre-operation and 7.4°(3.0°, 27.7°) post-operation at 3 months, which was corrected significantly ( Z=-2.934, P=0.003). The correction rate was 58.1±26.1% (range 18.8%-97.6%). Structural Cobb angle was 13.2°±12.3°at 1 year post operation and had no significant difference compared with 3 months post operation ( t=1.960, P=0.107). Compensatory Cobb angle was 18.3°±6.1° pre-operation and 9.4°±7.3° post-operation at 3 months, which was corrected significantly ( t= 5.071, P<0.001) and the correction rate was 51.3%±28.3% (range 2.4%-94.7%). Compensatory Cobb angle was 8.9°±7.7° at 1 year follow up and was corrected significantly ( t=5.253, P=0.003) compared to 3 months after surgery and the correction rate was 61.4%±26.9%. Two patients developed C 5 nerve root dysfunction and 1 patient developed numbness on the index and middle fingers after surgery. All of them occurred on the concave side and recovered by conservative treatment. Conclusion:The application of distraction on the concave side in the treatment of congenitalcervical scoliosis is with good feasibility and clinical safety. Short-term follow-up showed excellent resultswith a promising future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 864-871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of vertebral trabecular and endplate HU values on cage subsidence after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), hope to provide reference for surgical planning.Methods:All of 72 patients with lumbar disc herniation that underwent PLIF were retrospectively reviewed, who were divided into two groups according to the occurrence of cage subsidence at one-year follow up. Cage subsidence was defined as more than 4 mm subsidence into the vertebrae valuated by CT at one-year follow up. There were 18 patients enrolled into Subsidence group and 54 patients enrolled into N-Subsidence group. The lumbar lordosis, segmental lordosis, intervertebral height, off-bed time, hospital stay, complications, the trabecular and endplate HU values of upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) and lower instrumented vertebrae (LIV) were compared between the two groups. ROC was used to explore the thresholds of HU values.Results:There were 14 patients presented cage subsidence into the L4, 4 patients presented cage subsidence into the L5. There was no significant difference in lumbar lordosis, segmental lordosis, intervertebral height, off-bed time, hospital stay, or complications between the two groups. Both UIV and LIV trabecular and endplate showed a lower HU value in Subsidence group than those in N-Subsidence group. The most appropriate thresholds of HU value were 146, 172, 307, 254 for trabecular of UIV, trabecular of LIV, lower endplate of UIV, and upper endplate of LIV, respectively.Conclusion:Vertebral trabecular and endplate HU values could effectively predict the cage subsidence after PLIF, patients should be completely informed the risk of cage subsidence and larger cage should be recommended if they presented HU values under the certain threshold.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E652-E658, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904451

ABSTRACT

The important function of the endplate is to transmit stress and supply nutrition. Endplate degeneration might induce or promote degeneration of the intervertebral disc, causing a series of spine diseases that seriously impair people’s health and life quality. Endplate chondrocytes can respond to mechanical stimulation, which is an important factor affecting endplate degeneration. Inappropriate mechanical stimulation will accelerate endplate degeneration. This review summarized the effects of mechanical stimulation on vertebral endplate chondrocyte apoptosis, synthesis inhibition, calcification, and extracellular matrix degradation. The endplate degeneration induced by mechanical stimulation is regulated by a complex network of signal pathways composed of various signal transduction factors. The signal pathways involved in this review included NF-κB, Wnt, Hedgehog, MAPK, RhoA/Rock-1, AKT/mTOR, TGF-β signaling pathway and miRNA related signals. The interconnection of these pathways was highlighted and summarized. Multiple signaling pathways work together to regulate endplate chondrocyte metabolism, which ultimately leads to the endplate degeneration. This review might shed light on early diagnosis and precise treatment of cartilage endplate degeneration.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 381-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868979

ABSTRACT

Distal junctional problem (DJP) is one of the severe complications after spinal correction, fixation and fusion. As the number of patients receiving spinal surgery increased recently, the incidence of DJP also increased dramatically. Compared with proximal junctional problem, the incidence of DJP is low. However, the clinical symptoms are severe, and the rate of surgical revision is high in patients with distal junctional problems. DJP include distal junctional kyphosis (DJK) and distal junctional failure(DJF). The definition of DJK is confusing, however, and the most commonly used was that the distal junction Angle at the last follow-up was greater than 10° and increased by 10° compared with that before surgery. There are 6 DJF modes: progressive loss of lumbar lordosis,acute wedging in the disc below the instrumentation, fracture of LIV, osteoporotic fracture below the long rigid fixation, failure of the instrumentation at LIV, spinal stenosis and or segmental instability underneath the instrumentation. Possible risk factors for DJP include weight, age, type of spinal deformity, osteoporosis, choice of LIV, hip disease, deformity location, surgical approach, surgical procedure, fusion segments, fixation devices, LIV at L5, fixed to S1 with no iliac screws, poor restoration of spinal alignment, et al. Currently, there are some controversies in DJP, mainly including the incidence, risk factors whether needs to and how to revise. The review intends to conduct a simple literature review of the current DJP diagnostic criteria, incidence, risk factors, and other research progress, in order to improve the understanding of the distal junction problem.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 201-208, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745387

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the effect of preservation or removal of atlas posterior arch on cervical posterior decompression,so as to provide a basis for reasonable selection of upper cervical spine decompression range and determination of surgical indications for atlas posterior arch resection.Methods The data of 45 patients with posterior decompression of upper cervical spine were retrospectively analyzed.According to the decompression range,the patients were divided into C2-C7 group and C1-C7 group.There were 25 cases in the C2-C7 group,19 males and 6 females,with an average age of 56.3 years (40-71 years),4 cases of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and 21 cases of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of cervical spine.All of the 25 patients underwent open-door laminoplasty:20 cases with hinge side anchoring procedure and 5 cases with preservation of the unilateral posterior muscular-ligament complex procedure (titanium cable procedure).There were 20 cases in C1-C7 group,12 males and 8 females,with an average age of 58A years (44-75 years).All of the 20 cases underwent atlas posterior arch resection as well as C2-C7 open-door laminoplasty,including anchoring procedure in 1 case,titanium miniplate procedure in 4 cases,and titanium cable procedure in 15 cases.Standardized vertebral-cord distance (SVCD) at each level from atlas to level C~ was measured on T2-weighted images of MR on the mid-sagittal plane in the neutral position pedormed 3-12 months postoperatively at each individual level.As the main outcomes,the SVCD values obtained at the same level of the two groups were compared between the two groups.Shapiro-Wilk normality test was performed on the SVCD values at C1.2 and C2 levels of two groups.The area under the normal distribution curve of SVCDs was used to calculate the corresponding residual compression rate with different magnitude of compression mass to further discover the difference of the decompression effect between the two groups.Results The SVCD obtained at the level of the anterior arch of atlas (C1),the junction of odontoid process and axis (C1,2) and the middle part of axis body (C2) in the C2-C7 group was 9.91±1.34 mm,8.35±1.27 mm,and 8.22 ±1.43 mm,respectively.The SVCD at the same levels was 11.02±1.60 mm,9.72±1.24 mm,and 9.12±1.11 mm,respectively.SVCDs differed significantly in the above range between the two groups.However,from level C2,3 to C6,7,there was no significant difference in SVCDs between the two groups.The JOA score of group C2-C7 was 11.8±2.7 preoperatively and increased significantly to 14.7±1.8 at 12 months postoperatively(t=-7.006,P<0.001) with a recovery rate of 57.0%±32.2%.The JOA score of group C1-C7 was 11.7±2.8 preoperatively and increased significantly to 14.2±2.3 at 12 months postoperatively(t=-6.177,P<0.001) with a recovery rate of 51.9%±32.1%.Conclusion Atlas posterior arch resection can significantly increase the decompression effect of posterior cervical surgery from the anterior arch of atlas to the middle part of axis body,but it would not increase the decompression effect at level C2.3 or below.When the magnitude of the ventral compression factor exceeds the decompression limit (8.5 mm) available with C2-C7 decompression in the range from atlas to the middle of the axis body,extending the decompression range by atlas posterior arch resection is an effective means to achieve adequate decompression.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 193-200, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745386

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and effectiveness of posterior approach laminectomy combined with localized resection of ossified posterior longitudinal ligament and dekyphosis for multilevel ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the thoracic spine.Methods Thirty-one cases of thoracic multilevel OPLL was treated with this new technique between August of 2012 and August of 2016.Twenty-nine among the 31 cases were successfully followed up more than two years.Among these 29 cases,9 were male and the other 20 were female,with an average age of 48.5±7.1 years.The average segment number of OPLLwas 6.5±2.2 (range,3-11).The average segment number of laminectomy was 7.9±2.5 (range,4-13).There were 26 cases combined with ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF).Posterior approach laminectomy combined with localized resection of OPLL and dekyphosis for multilevel OPLL in the thoracic spine was applied to all cases.Firstly,en-bloc laminectomy was performed to all the segments of OPLL.Then the nearest segment of ossification to the kyphotic apex and the most stenotie level was selected and limitedly resected.Finally,wedge-shaped osteotomy was conducted to decrease the kyphosis.The outcomes including recovery rate of myelopathy and the radiological changes were recorded during the post-operative follow-up.Single group pre and post analysis was conducted by using paired t-test.Results Twenty-seven cases underwent one-level circumferential decompression,and the other two case underwent two-level localized resection of the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament.The average operation time was 245.2±75.1 min (range,131-423 min).The average blood loss was 1 307.9±1 457.7 ml(range,300-6 000 ml).The average follow-up time was 40.2± 14.9 months (range,25-69 months).The kyphotic angle of the stenotic segments decreased 11.4°±3.5° averagely after the surgery,from pre-operative 28.7°±9.6° to post-operative 17.3°±8.6°.The decreased kyphotic angle was 7.4°±3.1 ° at the final follow-up with an average kyphotic angel of 22.3°± 10.3°.The average length of the resected ossified posterior longitudinal ligament was 11.3±3.9 mm,and the average shortening length of the spinal column was 5.0±3.0 mm (range,0.4-13.8 mm).The pre-operative Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was 4.3±2.2 averagely (range,1-9),and the final JOA score increased to 9.3±2.3 (rang,3-11).The average recover rate was 85.7% (range,-100% to 100%),and the rate of excellent or good was 89.7%.Among the 29 cases,6 cases occurred post-operative transient deterioration and regained a satisfactory recovery eventually;one case occurred post-operative paraplegia and never recovered;19 cases occurred post-operative cerebrospinal fluid leakage and healed under conservative treatment.Conclusion For the thoracic multilevel OPLL,one-stage posterior approach laminectomy combined with localized resection of the ossified posterior longitudinal ligament and dekyphosis can significantly improve the outcomes of the myelopathy with low rate of post-operative paraplegia.Therefore,this new surgery technique is a safe and effective treatment for multilevel OPLL in thoracic spine.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 337-341, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805131

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Smith-Petersen osteotomy (SPO) assisted by releasing disk space from posterior approach for thoracolumbar kyphosis.@*Methods@#A review was conducted on 8 patients (3 males and 5 females) with thoracolumbar kyphosis were treated with SPO assisted by releasing disk space from posterior approach at Department of Orthopaedics, Peking University Third Hospital from June 2016 to September 2017. The age was 56.5 years (range:18-71 years). There were 3 cases of Scheuermanns kyphosis, 2 cases of degenerative kyphosis, 1 case of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) after lumbar surgery, and 2 cases of kyphosis after thoracolumbar laminectomy. The paired t test was used for statistical analysis in thoracolumbar kyphosis angle, osteotomy segment kyphosis angle, sagittal vertical value (SVA), visual analogue score (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI) before and after surgery. Statistical difference was confirmed with P<0.05.@*Results@#Osteotomy level included 2 cases in T11-12, 3 cases in T12-L1, 3 cases in L1-2. The average operation time was 339 min (range: 247-416 min), bleeding volume was 1 275 ml (range: 500-2 500 ml). The mean follow-up time was 16.5 months (range: 12-24 months). The average thoracolumbar kyphosis angle was 59.9° (range: 40°-73°) pre-operation, 9.5°(range:-5.1°-20°) post-operation and 13.5°(range:-1.3°-28°) at the latest follow-up. It made an average correction with 46.4°and corrective rate with 78.0%. The osteotomy segment kyphosis angle was 37.9° (range: 26°-46°) pre-operation, -1.3° (range:-11°-13°) post-operation making an 39.2° open-up angle, and 2.0° (range:-13.5°-13°) at the latest follow-up. Lumbar lordosis was 47.5° (range: 2°-76°) pre-operation, 41.2°(range:15°-62°) post-operation and 36.9°(range:15°-58°) at the latest follow-up. SVA was 54 mm(range:-34 mm-149 mm) pre-operation and 39 mm(range:-3 mm-119 mm) at the latest follow-up. VAS score of low back pain was 6.3(range:0-9) pre-operation and 3.0(range:0-6) at the latest follow-up. ODI score was 21.9(range: 0-42) pre-operation and 11.0(range: 0-26) at latest follow-up. Comparing to pre-operation value, there were statistical difference in the thoracolumbar kyphosis angle(t= 8.547, P=0.000), osteotomy segment kyphosis angle(t=9.739, P=0.000), VAS(t=3.077, P=0.018), ODI(t=5.800, P=0.001) at the latest follow-up. There was no neuropathic complication in all patients. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage occurred in 2 cases with spinal surgery history, and recovered after symptomatic treatment.@*Conclusions@#SPO assisted by releasing disk space from posterior approach could safely achieve effective correction of rigid thoracolumbar kyphosis deformity within 40°.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1300-1309, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the osteogenic differentiation potency of ligament cells in thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (TOLF) and analyze further by using transcriptome high-throughput sequencing.Methods Clinically,the patients with non-TOLF and TOLF (n=10 in each group) who underwent surgery in our hospital from October 2015 to April 2016 were included in this study.The primary ligament cells that derived from the two groups were separately cultured and induced osteogenesis with 15% strength of cyclic mechanical stress for 12h and 24h using a device called Flexcell FX-4000.The ALP activity was determined to evaluate the osteogenesis using quantitative analysis and ALP staining assay.Real-time PCR and westernblotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of osteogenic-related genes including ALP,BMP-2 and Osteocalcin.Then,three patients in each group were included in the study of transcriptome high-throughput sequencing and bioinformatics analysis using Illumina HiSeqTM 2500 sequencing platform to compare further.Results The morphology of the cells that derived from two groups was basically similar,all presented an elongate spindle-shape.To evaluate the ostogenesis,ALP activity assays including quantitative and staining assays were performed.Under microscope,the ALP staining in the TOLF group was higher than non-TOLF group and increased with the longer duration of stress induction.The result of semi-quantitative analysis showed the stained area and positive cells in TOLF group were more than non-TOLF group significantly at 0 h,and were increased with the induction.The results of quantitative analysis showed ALP activity in the TOLF group was significantly higher than non-TOLF group and were increased with the induction significantly all the time.But no significant change in ALP staining or quantitative analysis was found in non-TOLF.The results of real-time PCR indicated that the expression of ostegenic markers above in the TOLF group was more than non-TOLF group significantly except the expression of OCN at 0 h.The expression of the three ostegenic markers in TOLF group was increased with the stress induction for 12 h and 24 h significantly except the expression of BMP-2 and OCN at 12 h.The results of western-blotting indicated that the expression of the three ostegenic markers above in the TOLF group was more than non-TOLF group significantly except the expression of ALP at 0 h.The expression of the three ostegenic markers in TOLF group was increased with the stress induction for 12 h and 24 h,but only the expression of ALP at 24 h was significant.And no significant change in the expression of mRNA and protein was found in non-TOLF group.In the transcriptome analysis,671 genes of TOLF group were up-regulated and 314 genes were found to be down-regulated compared to the control group.In addition,22 significant GO terms associated with upregulated genes were found to be closely related to ossification.Conclusion TOLF ligament cells have high osteogenic differentiation potency,which could express obvious osteogenesis-related gene spectrum,and differentially expressed genes including L1RL1 、PTHLH、DKK1 、BMP6、SPP1 and FGF1 may be related with the osteogenic potency of ligament cells in thoracic ossification.

12.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 427-436, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197439

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical review. PURPOSE: To investigate the difference in clinical manifestations and severity between polymicrobial and monomicrobial infections after spinal surgery. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Surgical site infections (SSIs) after spinal surgery are a major diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for spinal surgeons. Polymicrobial infections after spinal surgery seem to result in poorer outcomes than monomicrobial infections because of complementary resistance to antibiotics. However, comparison of the clinical manifestations and severity between polymicrobial and monomicrobial infections are limited. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with SSIs after spinal surgery were studied: 20 patients with polymicrobial infections and 47 with monomicrobial infections. Pathogenic bacteria identified were counted and classified. Age, sex, and body mass index were compared between the two groups to identify homogeneity. The groups were compared for clinical manifestations by surgical site, postoperative time to infection, infection site, incisional drainage, incisional swelling, incisional pain, neurological signs, temperature, white blood cell count, and the percentage of neutrophils. Finally, the groups were compared for severity by hospital stay, number of rehospitalizations, number of debridements, duration of antibiotics administration, number of antibiotics administered, and implant removal. RESULTS: Polymicrobial infections comprised 29.9% of SSIs after spinal surgery, and most polymicrobial infections (70.0%) were caused by two species of bacteria only. There was no difference between the groups in terms of clinical manifestations and severity. In total, 96 bacterial strains were isolated from the spinal wounds: 60 strains were gram-positive and 36 were gram-negative pathogenic bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Escherichia coli, and Enterobacter cloacae were cultured in order of the frequency of appearance. CONCLUSIONS: Most polymicrobial infections were caused by two bacterial species after spinal surgery. There was no difference in clinical manifestations or severity between polymicrobial and monomicrobial infections.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacteria , Body Mass Index , Coinfection , Debridement , Drainage , Enterobacter cloacae , Escherichia coli , Humans , Length of Stay , Leukocyte Count , Neutrophils , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Spine , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Surgeons , Surgical Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 282-288, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180040

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective imaging study. PURPOSE: To characterize the distribution of the global sagittal postural patterns in asymptomatic Chinese adults using Roussouly classification. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The norms of sagittal parameters in asymptomatic Chinese population have been previously described, but no report described their global sagittal postural patterns as characterized by Roussouly classification. METHODS: A cohort of 272 asymptomatic Chinese adults was recruited. Data was assimilated by reviewing the films for each subject. Sagittal parameters were measured and sagittal postural patterns were then determined according to Roussouly classification. The pattern distributions were compared across genders within the study cohort. We also compared the data across different ethnicities from our study and a previous study to further characterize Chinese sagittal postures. RESULTS: The cohort included 161 males and 111 females, with mean age of 23.2±4.4 years. The average descriptive results were as below: pelvic incidence (PI) 46.4°±9.6°, thoracic kyphosis (TK) 24.2°±9.0°, lumbar lordosis (LL) 50.6°±10.6°, sacral slope (SS) 37.2°±7.6°, pelvic tilt (PT) 9.4°±6.8°, spinosacral angle (SSA) 131.1°±7.5° and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) 17.24±32.36 mm. Despite a significant difference between two genders in LL, PI, SSA, and SVA, no difference was found in the distribution of Roussouly types among them. 47.8% of our cohort belonged to Roussouly type 3, while type 1, 2 and 4 comprised 23.2%, 14.0% and 15.1% of the subjects, respectively. Roussouly classification was capable of categorizing sagittal parameters except for the PT. This study also found that 4.4% of the recruited subjects belonged to the C7-anterior subgroup. CONCLUSIONS: From a characterization of the sagittal postural patterns of asymptomatic Chinese adults using Roussouly classification, the distribution was similar between Chinese males and females; however, from a cross-study comparison, it was different between asymptomatic Chinese and Caucasian adults, with a higher proportion of Roussouly type 3 in Chinese adults.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Asians , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Classification , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Male , Posture , Prospective Studies
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 345-348, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336630

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the risk factors for deep surgical site infection after posterior thoracic and lumbar surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical data of the patients with deep surgical site infection after posterior thoracic and lumbar surgery from January 2008 to December 2013 were reviewed.For each case patient, 3 non-infected controls were randomly selected from the same database of all patients who underwent posterior thoracic and lumbar surgery.Patients who had diagnosis of spinal fractures, infection, tuberculosis, and tumor were excluded. The microbiology and related factors were collected and analyzed. T-test, χ2 test and Logistic analysis were used to analyze the data, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Ninety-nine cases were identified (infection group), 57 men and 42 women, average 54.5 years old, average body mass index 26.4 kg/m2. Fifty-five (55.6%) patients were identified with organisms, and the most common identified organism was Staphylococcus Aureus. Compared with the cases in the control group (44.4 g/L), the cases in the infection group (43.1 g/L) had a significant low albumin preoperatively (P=0.001). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that obesity (OR=2.102, 95% CI=1.259-3.508), diabetes (OR=1.926, 95% CI=1.041-3.563), number of surgical levels≥3 (OR=1.985, 95% CI=1.130-3.486) were risk factors for this complication (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For deep surgical site infection after posterior thoracic and lumbar surgery, obesity, diabetes, preoperative low albumin and number of surgical levels≥3 are risk factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Lumbosacral Region , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Orthopedics , Risk Factors , Staphylococcus aureus , Surgical Wound Infection , Thoracic Vertebrae , General Surgery
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669877

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficiency of thoracic laminectomy with dekyphosis for thoracic myelopathy due to multi-segmental ossification of the posterior ligaments.Methods The clinical data of five cases of thoracic myelopathy due to multi-segmental ossification of longitudinal ligaments who were surgically treated in our hospital between August 2012 and March 2013 were retrospectively analyzed,among which two were male and the other three were female,with an average age of 52 (range,45-56) years old.The pre-operative duration ranged from 2 months to 6 years.All five cases were suffering from progressive bilateral partial paraplegia with an average preoperative JOA score 3.8 (range,3-6),an average segment-number of ossification of the posterior ligaments 7.6 (range,5-10),and also an average segment-number of 5.0 (range,2-10) ossification of the ligamentum flavum.All the five cases showed different kyphosis at the stenotic area of thoracic spine,with an average kyphotic angle (Cobb) of 35.8° (range,22°-56°).Their pre-operative Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (JOA) was 3.8 averagely (range,3-6).Clinical features,operation time,blood loss,perioperative complications and postoperative outcome were recorded.Results The segment number of laminectomy of these five cases was 8.2 averagely.The segment number of dekyphosis was 2 for 2 cases and 1 for the other 3 cases,with a average dekyphotic degree of 7.8° (range,2°-15°).The average operation time was 6.3 hours (range,5.5-7.0 hours) and the average blood loss was 3900 ml.The perioperative complications included cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 4 cases who were treated conservatively,and epidural hematoma in 1 case who underwent reoperation for removing the hematoma.All cases were followed up for 21 to 27 months,and their average final JOA score was 10,with an average recovery rate of 85.6%,and a rate of excellent or good was 100% by the modified Epstein standard.Conclusion The result of thoracic laminectomy combined with dekyphosis for thoracic myelopathy due to multi-segmental ossification of longitudinal ligaments is quite satisfying,however this procedure is demanding with a long operation time,a huge blood loss and a high complication rate.

16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 845-850, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336673

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical characteristics of severe lumbar dysplastic spondylolisthesis, and to investigate the effectiveness of the posterior surgery including decompression, partial reduction with instrumentations and interbody fusion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve patients of severe lumbar dysplastic spondylolisthesis treated between March 2007 and February 2012 were studied retrospectively. Twelve patients include 10 female and 2 male patients with an average age of 10.7 years (9-17 years). All of their spondylolisthetic level was L5 vertebrae. None of them were effective after regular conservative treatment. Eleven of 12 patients were treated surgically through a posterior decompression and instrumented reduction. One case was treated by L5 vertebrectomy and reduction of L4 onto sacrum. Their levels of instrumentations were L4-S1 in 8 patients and L5-S1 in 4 patients. All of 12 patients were fused via interbody fusion. The visual analog scale(VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA) score, slip angle, percentage slip, lumbar lordosis, sagittal balance were used as outcome measures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All of these patients were followed up regularly with an average follow-up of 32 months (6-64 months). Five of these 12 patients suffered postoperative nerve root impairment, including impairment of unilateral and bilateral L5 nerve roots. At the latest follow-up, only 1 case was still suffering from the weakness of unilateral peroneal long and short muscles, the other 4 patients recovered totally. The degree of their spondylolisthesis was reduced II degrees or more, and their slip angles decreased from 35.6 degree preoperatively to 9.8 degree postoperatively. The VAS, ODI , JOA, lumbar lordosis and sagittal balance were improved postoperatively. No instrumentation loosening or rupture was found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with severe lumbar dysplastic spondylolisthesis, isolated posterior decompression, reduction with internal fixation may lead to a satisfactory clinical outcomes. Surgical reduction is helpful to improve the interbody contact area, thus possibly improve the fusion rate. At the same time, reduction may reduce or correct the lumbar-sacral kyphosis, recover the normal lumbar lordosis and normal sagittal alignment with an excellent cosmetic result. The incidence of the postoperative nerve impairment is high because of the stretching of L5 nerve roots secondary to the reduction, but most of the patients with postoperative nerve impairment may recover gradually.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Orthopedic Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum , General Surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2037-2042, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248051

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>For young patients, the surgical method for lumbar disc herniation remains controversial. The aim of this study was to prospectively determine the short-term clinical outcome after surgery for young patients with lumbar disc herniation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this prospective comparative study between April 2010 and August 2011, a total of 80 patients underwent primary surgery at a single level for lumbar disc herniation. The patients were divided into two groups: decompression alone and decompression with instrumented fusion. An independent examiner clinically evaluated the patients at preoperation and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The patients filled out the instruments for back and leg pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (ODI), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores. The differences between the two groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean age of all the patients at the time of surgery was 33.7 years. Of the 80 patients, 38 patients underwent decompression alone and 42 patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Increasing complexity of surgery was associated with a longer surgery time, greater blood loss, and a longer hospital stay after surgery. Both methods of surgery independently improved outcomes compared with baseline status based on VAS, ODI, and JOA scores (P < 0.05), and no significant differences were found between the two groups at most of the measuring points in time, although patients with decompression alone had a higher JOA score (P = 0.016) and higher JOA recovery rate (P = 0.010) at the 3-month follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The short-term results of our study showed that both methods of surgery obtained effective clinical outcomes, but decompression alone had some advantages (shorter surgery time, less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, and lower cost) compared with decompression with instrumented fusion. Young patients with decompression alone could achieve great physical function earlier.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Prospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3862-3866, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240668

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Scheuermann's disease (SD) is a spinal disorder and includes both a classic form and an atypical form. Interestingly, its existence among the general population as well as the disc disease patients is common. One of our previous studies showed that about 18% of the hospital staff members meet the SD criteria. On the other hand, another study has demonstrated that 95.2% of the symptomatic thoracolumbar disc herniation (STLDH) patients meet the SD criteria, which suggests that STLDH is very likely a special form of SD. The purpose of this study was to discriminate the factors contributing to the development of STLDH by comparing STLDH patients with the healthy SD-like hospital staff members.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This is a retrospective study including 33 STLDH patients who met the SD criteria and 30 SD-like hospital staff members. The STLDH group was chosen from a group of patients who underwent surgery after a diagnosis of STLDH (T10/11-L1/2) at our hospital between June 2007 and June 2010. SD-like hospital staff members were chosen from a database created in 2007, which contained a lumbar MR and low back pain (LBP) questionnaire of 188 hospital staff members. The demographic and radiologic characteristics were compared between groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistical difference in sex, age, and height between the two groups. The STLDH patients had higher body weight, boby mass index, and thoracolumbar kyphotic angle than SD-like hospital staff members. In addition, STLDH patients had more levels of Schmorl's nodes (3.5±1.7 vs. 2.0±1.9, t = 3.364, P = 0.001) and irregular endplateson (4.0±1.9 vs. 2.7±1.9, t = 2.667, P = 0.010) compared to the SD-like hospital staff members.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Higher body weight, higher body mass index, larger thoracolumbar kyphosis, and more Schmorl's nodes and irregular endplates on MR may be associated with the development of STLDH in "SD-like people."</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , Diagnostic Imaging , Middle Aged , Radiography , Retrospective Studies , Scheuermann Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Thoracic Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology
19.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 241-244, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473472

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different magnitudes of mechanical stress on human interverte-bral disc degeneration. Methods The human intervertebral disc cells were subjected to different magnitudes of mechanical stress (0, 6%, 12%, or 18%elongation) for 24 h using a Flexercell Strain Unit. The mRNA expressions of anabolic genes (col-lagen-1A1, collagen-2A1, aggrecan and versican) and catabolic genes (MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5) were examined by real-time PCR and Western blot methods. Results The expression levels of collagen-1A1 and collagen-2A1 were increased at 12%of mechanical stress, and collagen-2A1 was decreased at 18%of mechanical stress compared with those of control. The mRNA expressions of catabolic genes, MMP-13 and ADAMTS-5, were increased at 12%and 18%of mechanical stress than those of control. The mechanical stretch induced a magnitude-dependent increase in ADAMTS-4 synthesis, which was finely tuned by stretching-triggered activation of distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades. Specifically, an ERK1/2 specific inhibitor, U0126, significantly inhibited the stretching-induced ADAMTS-4 expression, whereas the inhibitors of p38 and JNK, SP6000125 and SB203580, showed only slightly effect on the stretching-induced ADAMTS-4 expression. Conclusion The different magnitudes of mechanical stretch exhibited different effects on the bio-logical behavior of intervertebral disc cells, which profoundly affects the intervertebral disc degeneration.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 447-453, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435636

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe sagittal pelvic pattern,and to analyze sagittal spino-pelvic alignment in asymptomatic Chinese adults.Methods This was a prospective radiological analysis.Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the whole spine were taken in 139 Chinese volunteers,including 94 males and 45 females,aged from 21 to 28 years (average,23.5±1.5 years).By using picture archiving and communication systems,several pelvic and spinal parameters (pelvic incidence,pelvic tilt,sacral slope,lumbar lordosis,thoracic kyphosis,cervical lordosis,sagittal vertical axis,apex of total lumbar lordosis,total lumbar lordosis,upper arc of total lumbar lordosis,lower arc of total lumbar lordosis,junctional level,apex of total thoracic kyphosis,total thoracic kyphosis,total cervical lordosis,and lordosis tilt) were measured and the correlations of all parameters were analyzed.Results The mean value of pelvic incidence was 45.1°±9.6°,which was significantly less than those reported in western and Korean subjects.Total lumbar lordosis has a significant correlation with pelvic incidence,sacral slope,total thoracic kyphosis,cervical lordosis and sagittal vertical axis.The sagittal lumbar-pelvic alignment was classified into 4 types according to position of apex of total lumbar lordosis:type Ⅰ (11 cases),the apex was located in L5 or intervertebral space between L4 and L5; type Ⅱ (61 cases),the apex was located in bottom or middle of L4; type Ⅲ (33 cases),the apex was located in upper part of L4 or in intervertebral space between L3 and L4; type Ⅳ (34 cases),the apex was located at L3 level or more high level.Conclusions The sagittal pelvic pattern of Chinese adults is significantly different from those of western and Korean.Lumbar lordosis plays a critical role in regulating spinal sagittal balance.With upper shift of apex of total lumbar lordosis,the lower lumbar lordosis angle and sacral slope increase,but the lordosis tilt decreases.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL