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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796433

ABSTRACT

Evaluating clinical teachers' teaching ability in non-directly affiliated hospitals impartially can provide objective evidence for clinical teachers' cultivation and teaching administration, so as to improve teaching quality. Brainstorming method, literature survey and in-depth interview of experts were used to preliminarily select the evaluation index; Delphi method was used to determine the evaluation system and weight factors after two-round consultation; the evaluation system of teaching ability of clinical teachers in non-directly affiliated hospitals was established, including 5 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 36 third indicators. This system was empirically implemented for clinical teachers from non-directly affiliated hospitals to find their shortcomings, providing references to targeted cultivation of clinical teachers and improvement of teaching administration.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790288

ABSTRACT

Evaluating clinical teachers' teaching ability in non-directly affiliated hospitals impartially can provide objective evidence for clinical teachers' cultivation and teaching administration,so as to improve teaching quality.Brainstorming method,literature survey and in-depth interview of experts were used to preliminarily select the evaluation index;Delphi method was used to determine the evaluation system and weight factors after two-round consultation;the evaluation system of teaching ability of clinical teachers in non-directly affiliated hospitals was established,including 5 primary indicators,12 secondary indicators and 36 third indicators.This system was empirically implemented for clinical teachers from non-directly affiliated hospitals to find their shortcomings,providing references to targeted cultivation of clinical teachers and improvement of teaching administration.

3.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e14-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750179

ABSTRACT

Hypersensitivity to cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) or its active metabolite, calcitriol, is an exceedingly rare clinical phenomenon, with only 2 previously reported cases of suspected immediate hypersensitivity. Diagnosis of delayed drug hypersensitivity reactions is inherently difficult due to the lack of any robust in vitro diagnostic assay, particularly in those patients for whom provocation testing confers an unacceptable risk. In these situations, diagnosis relies on reproducible clinical manifestations following administration of the culprit agent, resolution upon its withdrawal and exclusion of other potential differential diagnoses. Based on these criteria, we propose the first reported case of delayed hypersensitivity to cholecalciferol successfully managed with a desensitisation protocol to pure cholecalciferol.


Subject(s)
Calcitriol , Cholecalciferol , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Hypersensitivity , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Delayed , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , In Vitro Techniques
4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-609,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662320

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of angiotensin-receptor-1 (AT1R) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1αin glomeruli and juxtaglomerular apparatus of different types of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, and analyze the correlation between them with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) complement 3, serum creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria in order to explore the role of the two factors in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Methods Between May 2010 and April 2016, a total of 90 patients with LN and 8 healthy controls were selected from Department of Rheumatology, Qujing Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The expressions of AT1R and HIF-1αin renal biopsy specimens were measured by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) of immunohistochemical stains. Pathological graphic analysis system was used for semi-quantitative estimate. Levels of SLEDAI, C3, serum creatinin and 24-hour proteinuria were also detected. Finally the relationshipbetween the two factors with clinical data was analyzed. The ANOVA test was used for intergroup comparison, and SNK-q test was used for the two groups comparison. Pearson's analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results The AT1R [(10.55 ±0.31)% vs (7.04 ±0.11)%] and HIF-1α [(10.51 ±0.52)% vs (8.96 ±0.31)%] in the glomeruli of typeⅠLN was significantly higher than healthy controls(all P<0.05). In the early phase of LN, RAS was activated and tissues were ischemic and hypoxic. The highest expression of AT1R (18.22 ± 2.11)% and HIF-1α (19.48 ±0.61)% in glomeruli was found in type Ⅳ LN, especially in juxtaglomerular apparatus, AT1R (19.98 ±0.21)% and HIF-1α(24.90 ±0.70)%. AT1R was positively correlated with HIF-1αin the glomer-ulus (r=0.949, P<0.01) and juxtaglomerular apparatus (r=0.762, P<0.05). AT1R and HIF-1αin juxtaglomerular apparatus was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria (r=0.756, P<0.05 and r=0.802, P<0.05). Conclusion High expressions of AT1R and HIF-1α have been shown in active LN biopsies. It proves that RAS is activated by ischemia and hypoxia, then it up-regulates HIF-1α expression. Our results suggest that the two factors may be associated with disease activity of LN.

5.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 605-609,后插1, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659786

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of angiotensin-receptor-1 (AT1R) and hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1αin glomeruli and juxtaglomerular apparatus of different types of lupus nephritis (LN) patients, and analyze the correlation between them with systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) complement 3, serum creatinine and 24-hour proteinuria in order to explore the role of the two factors in the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis (LN). Methods Between May 2010 and April 2016, a total of 90 patients with LN and 8 healthy controls were selected from Department of Rheumatology, Qujing Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University. The expressions of AT1R and HIF-1αin renal biopsy specimens were measured by streptavidin-perosidase (SP) of immunohistochemical stains. Pathological graphic analysis system was used for semi-quantitative estimate. Levels of SLEDAI, C3, serum creatinin and 24-hour proteinuria were also detected. Finally the relationshipbetween the two factors with clinical data was analyzed. The ANOVA test was used for intergroup comparison, and SNK-q test was used for the two groups comparison. Pearson's analysis was used for correlation analysis. Results The AT1R [(10.55 ±0.31)% vs (7.04 ±0.11)%] and HIF-1α [(10.51 ±0.52)% vs (8.96 ±0.31)%] in the glomeruli of typeⅠLN was significantly higher than healthy controls(all P<0.05). In the early phase of LN, RAS was activated and tissues were ischemic and hypoxic. The highest expression of AT1R (18.22 ± 2.11)% and HIF-1α (19.48 ±0.61)% in glomeruli was found in type Ⅳ LN, especially in juxtaglomerular apparatus, AT1R (19.98 ±0.21)% and HIF-1α(24.90 ±0.70)%. AT1R was positively correlated with HIF-1αin the glomer-ulus (r=0.949, P<0.01) and juxtaglomerular apparatus (r=0.762, P<0.05). AT1R and HIF-1αin juxtaglomerular apparatus was positively correlated with 24-hour proteinuria (r=0.756, P<0.05 and r=0.802, P<0.05). Conclusion High expressions of AT1R and HIF-1α have been shown in active LN biopsies. It proves that RAS is activated by ischemia and hypoxia, then it up-regulates HIF-1α expression. Our results suggest that the two factors may be associated with disease activity of LN.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604329

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of citric acid on the related indexes of salivary secretion under acid loading in or‐der to optimize the citric acid load method .Methods The saliva samples were collected from 10 young healthy volunteers at 1-90 s before ,at 91-120 s during and at 121-210 s after citric acid loading .The indexes were detected in saliva with mixed loading and after loading .The salivary alpha‐amylase(sAA ) activity ,pH value ,saliva flow rate ,total protein concentration in various groups were detected .The ratio values before and after the acid loading were compared among the groups .Results (1)The sAA activity , saliva pH value and total protein concentrations after acid loading were significantly increased compared before loading (P<0 .05) , moreover the ratio of after loading and before loading was greater than 1(P<0 .05);(2) however in the citric acid mixing ,the sAA activity ,saliva pH value and total protein concentration were decreased compared with before acid loading ,its ratio was less than 1 (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Citric acid affects the secretion result of acid loading saliva secretion ,it is suggested that the saliva under acid loading is separated treated and analyzed .

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 245-250,251, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603954

ABSTRACT

Aims To observe the effect of saccharide extracts of Yiqijianpi herb Codonopsis and Glycyrrhizae on polyamine-dependent activation of K+ channels sig-nal pathway during cell migration and to investigate their mechanism of promoting restoration in gastrointes-tinal mucosal injuries. Method The study was based on IEC-6 cell migration model. While in a normal polyamine level or polyamine was inhibited by DFMO, the effect of Codonopsis saccharide extracts and Glycyr-rhizae saccharide extracts on polyamine-dependent acti-vation of K+ channels signal pathway during cell mi-gration was observed. (1) K+ channel protein Kv1. 1 was determined by Western blot. (2)Membrane poten-tial was measured by Flow Cytometer. (3) Laser scan-ning confocal microscope was used for measuring [ Ca2+] cyt. ( 4 ) The expression of RhoA, which is Ca2+ downstream protein, was determined by Western blot. Results During cell migration, Codonopsis and Glycyrrhizae saccharide extracts could: ( 1 ) improve the expression of Kv1 . 1 protein and ameliorate the de-crease of kv1. 1 protein expression by DFMO;(2) in-crease membrane hyperpolarization and reverse mem-brane depolarization resulted by DFMO; ( 3 ) improve intracellular [ Ca2+] cyt, while Codonopsis could re-verse the decrease of [ Ca2+] cyt caused by DFMO;(4) improve the expression of RhoA protein, reversing its decline caused by DFMO. Conclusion Codonop-sis and Glycyrrhizae saccharide extracts can promote cell migration in IEC-6 cell, which is correlated with their effect on polyamine-dependent activation of K+channels signal pathway.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603239

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard of Radix Toddaliae Asiaticae. Methods Thin layer chromatography ( TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography ( HPLC) were used to identify and determine chloride nitidine and toddalolactone in Radix Toddaliae Asiaticae. The moisture and total ash contents were detected according to the methods recorded in appendix of Chinese Pharmacopeia (2010 edition) . Results Toddalolactone and chloride nitidine were detectable by TLC, the spots were clear and the dissociation was good. The established HPLC method was simple and accurate. The linear ranges of toddalolactone and chloride nitidine in Radix Toddaliae Asiaticae were 2.84~42.6 μg/mL and 25.6~385 μg/mL, and their recovery rates were 99.2 % ( RSD=1.12%) and 100 % ( RSD=0.71%) , respectively. The content of moisture was in the range of 75.8~98.9 mg/g and that of total ash was in the range of 12.4~33.6 mg/g. Conclusion The developed method is specific and accurate, and can provide useful reference for establishing quality standard of Radix Toddaliae Asiaticae.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463716

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of salivary alpha(α) amylase (sAA) activity and its activity ratio from the sali‐va before and after citric acid stimulation and approach the correlations among sAA activity determined by the methods of iodine‐starch ,Bernfeld and EPS‐G7 velocity respectively .Methods Ten saliva samples were collected from five healthy volunteers before and after citric acid stimulation .Their activities were determined three times by the three methods ,and the variation coefficient (CV) of sAA activity and activity ratio were calculated .Moreover ,correlation among sAA activities determined by the three meth‐ods were analyzed .Results The significant differences (P 0 .05) in sAA activities ratio and its CV ;Significant correlation was found between sAA activity determined by random two of three methods(P < 0 .05) ,and their correlation coefficients were above 0 .96 .Conclusion The sAA activity data determined by three methods could be transformed each other by regression equation ,and determined precision by the method of EPS‐G7 velocity is highest ,and data processing method of sAA activity ratio could decrease differences among CV from three methods .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485209

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of durian peel extracts (DPE). Methods The in vivo anti-inflammation effects of DPE were examined by carrageenin-induced mice paw edema test and allergic contact dermatitis test induced by 2, 4-DNFB. And the in vitro anti-inflammation effects of DPE were evaluated with methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium ( MTT) assay in RAW 264.7 cell model of inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Results The results of animal experiments showed that DPE groups could markedly relieve mice paw edema induced by carrageenin ( P<0.01 or P<0.001 compared with blank group). DPE could effectively inhibit the allergic contact dermatitis induced by 2, 4-DNFB in mice, showing good dose-effect relationship. The results of in-vitro test showed that DPE at the given concentrations had no influence on RAW 264.7 cell proliferation. Tumor necrosis factor alpha ( TNF-α) , interleukin 6 ( IL-6) , interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β), nitric oxide (NO) and nuclear factor kappaB (NF-кВ ) were observably inhibited, and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was enhanced by 25 and 50 mg/L of DPE. Conclusion DPE exert potential anti-inflammation effect, and the mechanism might be related to its inhibition of NF-кВsignal pathway.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To observe the effect of Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates on migration and membrane potential of small intestinal epithelial cells(IEC-6),and to explore the promoting effects of Yiqi jianpi herb Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza on gastrointestinal mucosal injury repair and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Under normal conditions or loaded with the inhibitor of potassium channel 4-aminopyridine(4-AP),IEC-6 cells were treated with Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates (25-200 mg · L-1) for 24 h,respectively. IEC-6 cell migration was observed by the phase contrast microscope and cell membrane potential was detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates (50 and 100 mg · L-1) increased the number of migrated IEC-6 cell compared with normal control group(P<0.01,P<0.05). Compared with normal control group,4-AP reduced the number of migrated IEC-6 cell(P<0.01). Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates (50-200 mg · L-1)reversed cell migration inhibited by 4-AP significantly when compared with 4-AP model group(P<0.01). The results of flow cyometry analysis showed that the cell membrane poten?tial was increased after treatment with Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates(50 mg · L-1)compared with normal control group and resulted in an increase in cell membrane hyperpolarization(P<0.01). Compared with normal control group,4-AP decreased the cell membrane potential(P<0.01)and resulted in cell membrane depolarization. Also,compared with 4-AP model group,cell membrane depolarization induced by 4-AP was reversed by treatment with Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates(100 and 200 mg·L-1). CONCLUSION Codonopsis and Glycyrrhiza glycoconjugates may promote gastrointestinal mucosal injury repair and the mechanisms may involve the activation of signaling pathways by affecting polyamine-dependent intestinal epithelial cell migration voltage-gated K+channels.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461979

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:A variety of cel lines participate in the construction of animal models of osteosarcoma. OBJECTIVE:To compare the abilities of subcutaneous tumorigenesis of human osteosarcoma cel lines MG63, U2OS and 143B in nude mice, and to establish the basis for experimental studies on osteosarcoma. METHODS:A total of 18 nude mice were randomly divided into MG63, U2OS and 143B groups. The back of nude mice was subcutaneously injected with MG63, U2OS and 143B cel lines in corresponding groups, and the process of tumorigenesis was observed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:MG63 and U2OS could not induce subcutaneous tumorigenesis in nude mice. Tumors were observed after injection with 143B cels for (6±1) days, with the tumor formation rate of 100% (6/6). The tumor grew very fast. The mean volume of tumors was (3 475±1 544) mm3 at 2 months. The survival time of nude mice burdened with tumors was (68±10) days. Hematoxylin-eosin staining revealed that in tumor tissue, cancer cels formed nest shape, nuclei were big and darkly stained, and split mostly. These results suggested that 143B cel line could wel induce subcutaneous tumorigenesis, which could be used for animal research of osteosarcoma.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454825

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to screen candidate genes involved in the triterpenoid saponins biosynthetic pathway of the Ilex asprella root. The Illumina platform was applied to perform transcriptomic sequencing of I. asprella root, followed by a series of bioinformatics analysis. The results showed that a total of 272 candidate unigenes were anno-tated to be involved in the biosynthetic pathway of terpenoid in the transcriptome of I. asprella root, including 72 u-nigenes for the upstream pathway and 26 unigenes for cyclization, oxidation and glycosylation in the downstream pathway. Phylogenetic analysis was carried out to further analyze the evolution relationship of some candidate uni-genes and their homologous genes. Two genes IaA S1 and IaA S2 were proved to be mixed amyrin synthases in yeast expression system. Moreover, IaA S1 was identified to one of the rare ASs with α-amyrin as the major product. It was concluded that a series of candidate genes, which might be involved in the biosynthetic pathway of triterpenoid saponins, were screened out from the transcriptome of I. asprella root. Further investigation of these candidate genes will provide insight into their actual functions in the triterpenoid saponins biosynthetic pathway in I. asprella.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454824

ABSTRACT

HMGR and DXR are key enzymes of terpenoids biosynthesis pathway. This study was aimed to discuss the effects of overexpression of HMGR and DXR from A momum villosum Lour. on the biosynthesis of terpenoids in transgenic tobacco. The real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to analyze the expression level of AvHMGR and AvDXR. Then, enzyme activities of HMGR and DXR were determined by spectrometer using the substrate-specific method. Different terpenoids were detected by GC-MS. The results showed that individual overex-pression of HMGR/DXR can inhibit the enzyme activities of HMGR and DXR but promote the biosynthesis of men-thene, neophytediene, cembrenene and sterol. The co-overexpression of HMGR and DXR had different enzyme activ-ities and can promote the biosynthesis of sterol and phytol, but inhibit the biosynthesis of neophytadiene. It was con-cluded that the overexpression of HMGR and DXR had diverse effects when regulating the biosynthesis of different terpenoids. This study provided the basis for using A vHMGR and A vDXR to regulate the metabolism of terpenoids.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454690

ABSTRACT

This article was aimed to study the species identification capability of psbA-trnH among Guanzhong herbs from Dryopteri. The nucleotide sequence information of psbA-trnH region was abstracted using standardized manners from 9 Dryopteri species (19 samples). The identification efficiency of psbA-trnH was analyzed based on TaxonGap among both tested materials (9 species, 19 samples) and tested materials plus GenBank data (17 species, 44 samples in total). The results showed that with the expanded species range, the discriminative efficiency of psbA-trnH de-clined from 100% (9/9) to 82.4% (14/17), while the proportion of within-specific heterogeneity larger than between-specific separability increased from 11.1% (1/9) to 52.9% (9/17). It was concluded that psbA-trnH can be recom-mended as the valuable barcode for homonym distinguishment among Guanzhong herbs, with attention of adequate sampling within species.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454688

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to identify original plants of Xi-Huang-Cao (XHC) through DNA barcodes. The nu-cleotide sequence information of rbcL, psbA-trnH, matK and ITS2 regions were abstracted using standardized man-ners from 41 samples (including Rabdosia serra, R. lophanthoides and R. lophanthoides var. graciliflora). Sequencing efficiency of each marker was calculated. Species identification capability was tested on the basis of TaxonGap. The results showed that sequence success rates were 100% for rbcL, 90.2% for psbA-trnH, 87.8% for ITS2, and 70.7%for matK. Three markers (rbcL, psbA-trnH and ITS2) were competent for species discrimination (not for subspecies). It was concluded that rbcL can be the preferred barcode for XHC because of its convenience and efficacy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454687

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish an identification method for Spatholobus suberectus and its adulterants by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Near-infrared diffuse reflection spectroscopy (NIRDRS) spectra of different S. suberectus and its adulterants were acquired by using OPUS INDENT analysis software. NIRDRS spectra clustering analysis model and identification model were established and verified. The results showed that S. suberectus from dif-ferent regions and its adulterants were identified successfully by clustering analysis model and identification model. It was concluded that Spatholobus suberectus and its adulterants can be identified rapidly and non-destructively by NIRS.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447416

ABSTRACT

Biological chemistry of Chinese herbal germplasm resources (BCCHGR) is a new cross-discipline formed from rapid development of modern science and technology and its application in the area of Chinese herbal resources. BCCHGR was defined as probing and understanding biological processes like heredity, gene transcription, expression and metabolism of Chinese herbal germplasm, at the interface of biochemistry, molecular biology and chemistry, elu-cidating the nature of Chinese herbal germplasm using as TCM medicine as well as the forming mechanism thereof. In this paper, the scientific background, definition, significance and contents of BCCHGR were discussed to depict a preliminary picture of BCCHGR and arouse popular consideration and discussions.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-572962

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct stable chromokinesin KIF4A knockdown gastric cancer cell lines (SGC-7901) and study the mitotic spindle midzone formation in these cells.Methods Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) expression plasmids of pGPU-GFP-shKIF4A,pGPU-GFP-shNC specific targetting KIF4A and non-sense DNA sequences were constructed respectively and then transfected into SGC-7901 cells.The cells were cultured in selection medium containing G418 to form single clones.Stable KIF4A shRNA expressing SGC-7901 cells were picked up under an fluoroscent microscope and identified by Western Blot.The spindle midzone in these cells was analyzed after immunofluorescence staining.Results Three cell lines stably expressing KIF4A shRNA and one with shNC were successfully constructed.Compare to the control cell line,KIF4A knockdown cell lines represented remarkable elongation of spindle midzone and the less the KIF4A,the longer spindle midzone.Conclusions Stable KIF4A knockdown SGC-7901 cell lines were successfully constructed that can serve for further study of KIF4A ' s function and its role in proliferation and development of gastric cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of sexual risk behaviors and related factors of drug users in two enforced detoxification institutions in Changsha, China.@*METHODS@#A total of 309 drug users from two compulsory detoxifications in Hunan Province were investigated using self-designed questionnaire, which included background information, drug use and sexual risk behaviors, STD/HIV related knowledge and permissiveness of sexual behaviors.@*RESULTS@#Among 309 drug users, 279 (90.3%) had regular sexual relationships, and 85 (27.5%) of them had more than 1 regular partner. The prevalence of casual sexual behaviors, commercial sexual behaviors and multi-partner sexual behaviors was 38.2% (118/309), 25.9% (80/309), and 62.8% (194/309), respectively. And 74 (23.9%) had sex with both commercial and noncommercial partners. The major factors related to sexual risk behaviors were gender, marital status, the age of sexual debut, drug injection, the history of STD and sexual permissiveness.@*CONCLUSION@#Sexually risk behaviors are relatively common in drug users. To modify the sexual risk behaviors in this group is very important to prevent and control HIV transmission to general population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Drug Users , Female , HIV Infections , Epidemiology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Risk-Taking , Sexual Partners , Surveys and Questionnaires , Unsafe Sex , Young Adult
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