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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 260-265, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928559

ABSTRACT

Obtaining high-quality embryos is one of the key factors to improve the clinical pregnancy rate of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). So far, the clinical evaluation of embryo quality depends on embryo morphology. However, the clinical pregnancy rate is still low. Therefore, new indicators are needed to further improve the evaluation of embryo quality. Several studies have shown that the decrease of sperm-specific protein actin-like 7A (ACTL7A) leaded to low fertilization rate, poor embryo development, and even infertility. The aim of this study was to study whether the different expression levels of ACTL7A on sperm can be used as a biomarker for predicting embryo quality. In this study, excluding the factors of severe female infertility, a total of 281 sperm samples were collected to compare the ACTL7A expression levels of sperms with high and low effective embryo rates and analyze the correlation between protein levels and in-vitro fertilization (IVF) laboratory outcomes. Our results indicated that the ACTL7A levels were significantly reduced in sperm samples presenting poor embryo quality. Furthermore, the protein levels showed a significant correlation with fertilization outcomes of ART. ACTL7A has the potential to be a biomarker for predicting success rate of fertilization and effective embryo and the possibility of embryo arrest. In conclusion, sperm-specific protein ACTL7A has a strong correlation with IVF laboratory outcomes and plays important roles in fertilization and embryo development.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers/metabolism , Female , Fertilization , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Rate , Reproductive Techniques, Assisted , Spermatozoa/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879851

ABSTRACT

This is a case report on a 1-day-old male neonate admitted due to a weak cry for 1 day and recurrent circumoral cyanosis for 2 hours. He had unusual facial features at birth, with a single transverse palmar crease on both hands, flat feet, weak cry, feeding difficulties, congenital heart disease, and abnormality on cerebral MRI. Whole exome sequencing showed a


Subject(s)
Exons , Genetic Testing , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Male , Mutation , Whole Exome Sequencing
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1275-1279, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the application value of next generation sequencing (NGS) in preimplantation genetic diagnosis of α/β complex thalassemia couple.@*METHODS@#The coding regions of α-globin genes (HBA1, HBA2) and β-globin gene (HBB) were selected as the target regions. The high-density and closely linked single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites were selected as the genetic linkage markers in the upstream and downstream 2M regions of the gene. After NGS, the effective SNP sites were selected to construct the haplotype of the couple, and the risk chromosome of the mutation carried by the couple was determined. The NGS technology was used to sequence the variations of HBA1, HBA2 and HBB directly and construct haplotype linkage analysis for preimplantation genetic diagnosis.@*RESULTS@#Direct sequencing and haplotype linkage analysis of HBA1, HBA2 and HBB showed that two of the six blastocysts were α/β complex thalassemia, one was β-thalassemia heterozygote, two were α-thalassemias heterozygotes, and one was intermediate α-thalassemia. A well-developed embryo underwent preimplantation genetic diagnosis was implanted into the mother's uterus, and a healthy infant was born at term.@*CONCLUSION@#Preimplantation genetic diagnosis can be carried out by NGS technology in α/β complex thalassemia couples, and abortion caused by aneuploid embryo selection can be avoided.


Subject(s)
Female , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Preimplantation Diagnosis , alpha-Thalassemia , beta-Globins/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888474

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the experience in the application of muscle relaxants in the perioperative period in neonates with congenital esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 58 previously untreated neonates with EA-TEF who were treated in the Neonatal Center of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from 2017 to 2019. The incidence rate of anastomotic leak was compared between the neonates receiving muscle relaxants for different durations after surgery (≤ 5 days and > 5 days). The correlation between the duration of postoperative use of muscle relaxants and the duration of mechanical ventilation was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Among the 58 neonates with EA-TEF, 44 underwent surgery, among whom 35 with type III EA-TEF underwent thoracoscopic surgery. Among these 35 neonates, 30 (86%) received muscle relaxants after surgery, with a median duration of 4.75 days, and 6 (18%) experienced anastomotic leak. There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of anastomosis leak between the ≤ 5 days and > 5 days groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prolonged use of muscle relaxants after surgery cannot significantly reduce the incidence of anastomotic leak, but can prolong the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation in neonates with EA-TEF. Therefore, prolonged use of muscle relaxants is not recommended after surgery.


Subject(s)
Child , Esophageal Atresia/surgery , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Muscles , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Tracheoesophageal Fistula/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1841-1849, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918201

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To prospectively investigate the feasibility of shear wave elastography (SWE) as a new quantitative and objective method for evaluating the stiffness of the gastrocnemius medialis (GM) muscle during passive stretching in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). @*Materials and Methods@#SWE of the GM muscle was performed in 28 patients with PD [13 female and 15 male; mean age ± standard deviation (SD): 63.0 ± 8.5 years] and 12 healthy controls (5 female and 7 male; mean age ± SD: 59.3 ± 6.4 years) during passive ankle rotation. A Young’s modulus-ankle angle curve was constructed. The GM slack angle and baseline Young’s modulus (E 0) were compared between the markedly symptomatic and mildly symptomatic sides of patients with PD, and healthy controls. Additionally, the correlation between the GM slack angle and the severity of rigidity, and the observer reproducibility of SWE in determining the GM slack angle were evaluated. @*Results@#The GM slack angle was smaller on both the markedly and mildly symptomatic sides in patients with PD than in healthy controls (mean ± SD of -29.13° ± 3.79° and -25.65° ± 3.39°, respectively, vs. -21.22° ± 3.52°; p < 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively). Additionally, in patients with PD, the GM slack angle on the markedly symptomatic side was smaller than that on the mildly symptomatic side (p = 0.003). The E 0 value was lower on both the markedly and mildly symptomatic sides in patients with PD than in healthy controls (mean ± SD of 10.11 ± 2.85 kPa and 10.08 ± 1.88 kPa, respectively, vs. 12.23 ± 1.02 kPa; p = 0.012 and p < 0.001, respectively). However, no significant difference was found between the markedly and mildly symptomatic sides in patients with PD (p = 0.634). A negative linear relationship was observed between the GM slack angle and lower limb rigidity score on the markedly symptomatic side in patients with PD (r = -0.719; p < 0.001). The intraclass correlation coefficients for observer reproducibility of SWE ranged from 0.880 to 0.951. @*Conclusion@#The slack angle determined by SWE may be a useful quantitative and reproducible method for evaluating muscle stiffness in patients with PD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910089

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of different levels of sonographers and International Ovarian Tumor Analysis (IOTA) simple rules in judging benign and malignant ovarian tumors.Methods:The ultrasound images of 182 patients treated in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2017 to November 2020 with ovarian tumors were retrospectively analyzed. The ovarian tumors were diagnosed by two senior sonographers and two junior sonographers without knowing the pathological diagnosis. Another junior sonographer trained in IOTA terminology and simple rules applied IOTA simple rules to diagnose 182 ovarian tumors. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of the diagnosis of ovarian tumors by senior sonographers, junior sonographers and IOTA simple rules were calculated using the postoperative pathological diagnosis as the gold standard. The Kappa value was calculated for the consistency between different levels of sonographers and the IOTA simple rules and pathological diagnosis.Results:Of the 182 cases, 61 cases were pathologically benign and 121 cases were pathologically malignant. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of senior sonographers were 93.4%, 99.2%, 97.2%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.938. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of junior sonographers were 80.3%, 90.0%, 86.8%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.704. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of IOTA simple rules(When an uncertain tumor was classified as malignant) were 95.0%, 73.5%, 80.7%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.614. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of IOTA simple rules(when an uncertain tumor was excluded) were 94.2%, 90.9%, 92.0%, respectively, Kappa value was 0.834.Conclusions:IOTA simple rules is a very useful diagnostic tool for junior sonographers to judge benign and malignant ovarian tumors. When IOTA simple principle is judged as an uncertain case, it is recommended to refer to experienced senior sonographers for further diagnosis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906164

ABSTRACT

Depression is a mental illness characterized by persistent negative feelings, which has seriously threatened people's health. In recent years, neuronal autophagy, an important stress response, has also been regarded as a hypothesis for the pathogenesis of depression. Relevant studies have shown that either insufficient or excessive autophagy triggers neuronal damage, and activated or inhibited neuronal autophagy can be observed in animal models of depression. Therefore, neuronal autophagy may be a double-edged sword involved in the pathogenesis of depression. It is believed in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that the occurrence of this disease is closely related to liver depression and spleen deficiency. Chinese medicine regulates the neuronal autophagy via multiple ways. The TCM monomers that regulate neuron autophagy are capable of protecting nerves or penetrating the blood-brain barrier. TCM compounds designed for soothing liver or invigorating spleen have been proved effective against this disease, demonstrating that the core pathogenesis of depression lies in liver depression and spleen deficiency. The regulatory effects of TCM on neuronal autophagy in depression models might result from its action on multiple targets, multiple pathways, and multiple systems. This paper discussed the limitations in current research based on the involvement of neuronal autophagy in depression and its treatments, in order to provide ideas for later similar research and that concerning TCM treatment of depression.

8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 617-630, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887697

ABSTRACT

The morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases are increasing annually, which is one of the primary causes of human death. Recent studies have shown that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), endogenous metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA) via CYP450 epoxygenase, possess a spectrum of protective properties in cardiovascular system. EETs not only alleviate cardiac remodeling and injury in different pathological models, but also improve subsequent hemodynamic disturbances and cardiac dysfunction. Meanwhile, various studies have demonstrated that EETs, as endothelial-derived hyperpolarizing factors, regulate vascular tone by activating various ion channels on endothelium and smooth muscle, which in turn can lower blood pressure, improve coronary blood flow and regulate pulmonary artery pressure. In addition, EETs are protective in endothelium, including inhibiting inflammation and adhesion of endothelial cells, attenuating platelet aggregation, promoting fibrinolysis and revascularization. EETs can also prevent aortic remodeling, including attenuating atherosclerosis, adventitial remodeling, and aortic calcification. Therefore, it is clinically important to study the physiological and pathophysiological effects of EETs in the cardiovascular system to further elucidate the mechanisms, as well as provide new strategy for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. This review summarizes the endogenous cardioprotective effects and mechanisms of EETs in order to provide a new insight for research in this field.


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid/pharmacology , Cardiovascular System , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Eicosanoids , Endothelial Cells , Humans
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1726-1731, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reports evaluating the efficacy of transcranial sonography (TCS) for the differential diagnosis of Parkinson disease (PD) and other movement disorders in China are scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the application of TCS for the differential diagnosis of PD, multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), and essential tremor (ET) in Chinese individuals.@*METHODS@#From 2017 to 2019, 500 inpatients treated at the Department of Dyskinesia, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University underwent routine transcranial ultrasound examination. The cross-sections at the midbrain and thalamus levels were scanned, and the incidence rates of substantia nigra (SN) positivity and the incidence rates of lenticular hyperechoic area were recorded. The echo of the SN was manually measured.@*RESULTS@#Of the 500 patients, 125 were excluded due to poor signal in temporal window sound transmission. Among the 375 individuals with good temporal window sound transmission, 200 were diagnosed with PD, 90 with ET, 50 with MSA, and 35 with PSP. The incidence rates of SN positivity differed significantly among the four patient groups (χ2 = 121.061, P  0.017).@*CONCLUSION@#SN positivity could effectively differentiate PD from ET, PSP, and MSA in a Chinese population.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Multiple System Atrophy/diagnostic imaging , Parkinson Disease/diagnostic imaging , Substantia Nigra/diagnostic imaging , Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between the characteristics of contrast-enhanced sonography of intraoperative glioblastoma multiform (GBM) and molecular markers of isocitrate dehydrogenase-1(IDH1).Methods:A retrospective analysis were performed in 30 patients who underwent neurosurgery and pathologically confirmed to be GBM at Beijing Tiantan Hospital from May 2018 to April 2019. All neurosurgical glioblastoma patients after craniotomy underwent conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS) guided navigation. The characteristics of the ultrasound imaging (whether the tumor involves the structure of the corpus callosum, the clarity of the tumor boundary after enhanced ultrasound and whether the tumor has necrotic areas with enhanced ultrasound images) were analyzed. The ratio between tumor necrosis area and whole tumor area (N/W) was measured, and the correlation with IDH1 gene expression was analyzed.Results:There were statistical differences in clarity of tumor boundary after CEUS and tumor necrosis after CEUS between positive IDH1 and negative IDH1 groups(all P<0.05). The positive expression of IDH1 was negatively correlated with the N/W area of the contrast-enhanced ultrasound mode( r=-0.756, P<0.05), suggesting that the expression level of IDH1 gene was negatively correlated with the area of tumor necrosis. Conclusions:Ultrasound contrast agent examination can more accurately distinguish the active proliferation area, hemorrhagic necrosis area and peripheral edema area of glioblastoma. Accurately identifying the extent of tumor necrosis area through ultrasound contrast agent examination can predict expression of IDH1.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 415-424, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878071

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The current deep learning diagnosis of breast masses is mainly reflected by the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions. In China, breast masses are divided into four categories according to the treatment method: inflammatory masses, adenosis, benign tumors, and malignant tumors. These categorizations are important for guiding clinical treatment. In this study, we aimed to develop a convolutional neural network (CNN) for classification of these four breast mass types using ultrasound (US) images.@*METHODS@#Taking breast biopsy or pathological examinations as the reference standard, CNNs were used to establish models for the four-way classification of 3623 breast cancer patients from 13 centers. The patients were randomly divided into training and test groups (n = 1810 vs. n = 1813). Separate models were created for two-dimensional (2D) images only, 2D and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI), and 2D-CDFI and pulsed wave Doppler (2D-CDFI-PW) images. The performance of these three models was compared using sensitivity, specificity, area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), positive (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV), positive (LR+) and negative likelihood ratios (LR-), and the performance of the 2D model was further compared between masses of different sizes with above statistical indicators, between images from different hospitals with AUC, and with the performance of 37 radiologists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracies of the 2D, 2D-CDFI, and 2D-CDFI-PW models on the test set were 87.9%, 89.2%, and 88.7%, respectively. The AUCs for classification of benign tumors, malignant tumors, inflammatory masses, and adenosis were 0.90, 0.91, 0.90, and 0.89, respectively (95% confidence intervals [CIs], 0.87-0.91, 0.89-0.92, 0.87-0.91, and 0.86-0.90). The 2D-CDFI model showed better accuracy (89.2%) on the test set than the 2D (87.9%) and 2D-CDFI-PW (88.7%) models. The 2D model showed accuracy of 81.7% on breast masses ≤1 cm and 82.3% on breast masses >1 cm; there was a significant difference between the two groups (P < 0.001). The accuracy of the CNN classifications for the test set (89.2%) was significantly higher than that of all the radiologists (30%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The CNN may have high accuracy for classification of US images of breast masses and perform significantly better than human radiologists.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chictr.org, ChiCTR1900021375; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=33139.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , China , Deep Learning , Humans , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877626

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy and simple acupuncture exercise therapy on lower limb function and life activity ability for postoperative patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A total of 50 elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, 25 cases in each group. Both groups were treated with acupuncture at hip three points of the affected side and lateral line 1 of vertex, anterior oblique parietotemporal line of the healthy side, hip three needles were retained for 30 min. The scalp acupuncture needles were continue retained, the observation group was given acupuncture exercise therapy to synchronize lower limb rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training, and the control group was given acupuncture exercise therapy. The two groups were treated once a day, 7 times as a course of treatment, and totally 4 courses were required. The Harris score, Barthel index score and quadriceps femoris isokinetic muscle strength indexes [peak torque (PT), average power (AP), flexor peak torque/extensor peak torque (F/E)] were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the Harris score, Barthel index score, PT and AP were higher than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Rehabilitation robot rehabilitation training of lower limbs synchronizing acupuncture exercise therapy could enhance the hip joint activity function and quadriceps muscle group function of elderly postoperative patients with hip fracture, and effectively improve the lower limb function and life activity ability.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Robotics , Stroke , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mechanical parameters of the carotid artery plaques using velocity vector imaging(VVI), and to investigate the correlations between the mechanical parameters and the histological components in the plaques.Methods:Fifty-three patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) from April to December, 2019 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital were selected and underwent VVI examination before operation. The plaques were divided into 5 parts along the long axis and named as R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, respectively. The mechanical parameters of the plaques in each region of interest were measured(longitudinal strain and strain rate). After operation, plaques were collected in 49 cases and the specimens were divided into five sections corresponding to preoperative images for HE staining and CD68 immunohistochemical analysis. According to the pathological diagnostic criteria of unstable plaques in previous studies, all plaques were divided into stable group and unstable group. Image-pro Plus 6.0 analysis software was used to measure the number of macrophages and the percentage of lipid core in plaques and the mean integral optical density of CD68 positive reaction area.Results:Among 49 cases, 33 cases were for unstable group, 16 cases were stable group. The longitudinal strain and strain rate of two groups of patients were R1>R2>R5>R4>R3, the number of macrophages, mean integral optical density, and percentage of lipid core were R2>R3>R1>R4>R5, differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05), the above indexes in unstable group were higher than in stable group, but there was no statistically significant difference ( P>0.05). The longitudinal strain was positively correlated with the number of macrophages, mean integral optical density and lipid core content in the plaque( r=0.300, 0.255, 0.394 respectively, P<0.05), and the strain rate was positively correlated with the number of macrophages and lipid core content in the plaque( r=0.199, 0.214 respectively, P<0.05) and r values in R1-R2 were higher than in R1-R5(longitudinal strain: r=0.480, 0.418, 0.582; strain rate: r=0.292, 0.319, P<0.05). Conclusions:The longitudinal strain and strain rate of the plaques are positively correlated with the macrophage and lipid core content of the plaques, and the r values of the upstream of plaques are higher. Therefore, VVI technique is valuable in detecting the stability of the plaques.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of artificial intelligence-assisted diagnosis model based on convolutional neural network (CNN) in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast masses.Methods:A total of 10 490 images of 2 098 patients with breast lumps (including 1 132 cases of benign tumor, 779 cases of malignant tumor, 32 cases of inflammation, 155 cases of adenosis) were collected from January 2016 to January 2018 in Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to the Capital University of Medical Sciences. They were divided into training set and test set and the auxiliary artificial intelligence diagnosis model was used for training and testing. Two sets of data training models were compared by two-dimensional imaging (2D) and two-dimensional and color Doppler flow imaging (2D-CDFI). The ROC curves of benign breast tumors, malignant tumors, inflammation and adenopathy were analyzed, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were calculated.Results:The accuracies of 2D-CDFI ultrasonic model for training group and testing group were significantly improved. ①For benign tumors, the result from training set with 2D image was: sensitivity 92%, specificity 95%, AUC 0.93; the result from training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 95%, AUC 0.93; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 91%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity: 94%, AUC 0.94. ② For malignancies, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 97%, AUC 0.94; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 96%, AUC 0.94. ③For inflammation, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 81%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.91; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 86%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.89; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 100%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.98; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 100%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.96. ④For adenopathy, the result for training set with 2D images was: sensitivity 88%, specificity 97%, AUC 0.94; the result for training set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 93%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.94; the result for test set with 2D images was: sensitivity 94%, specificity 98%, AUC 0.93; the result for test set with 2D-CDFI images was: sensitivity 88%, specificity 99%, AUC 0.90. Its diastolic accuracy was not affected even if the maximum diameter of the tumor was less than 1 cm.Conclusions:Through the deep learning of artificial intelligence based on CNN for breast masses, it can be more finely classified and the diagnosis rate can be improved. It has potential guiding value for the treatment of breast cancer patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the ultrasound examination and computed tomography angiography (CTA) features of carotid web(CAW), and compare with the pathology after carotid endarterectomy, and then compare diagnostic efficacies of the two methods.Methods:From June 2018 to July 2019, 159 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy(CEA) in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital were collected, ultrasound examination and CTA were performed preoperatively. The presence or absence of CAW and whether there were thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques associated with it were identified. The location length, thickness, direction in the lumen, echo characteristics of CAW, and complicated with or without thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques were recorded. The postoperative specimens were observed, and the pathological analysis was performed.Results:Among the 159 cases of CEA, 22 cases were confirmed to have CAW structure by pathology, and HE staining showed extensive intimal fibrohyperplasia and mucoid degeneration, among which 18 cases had plaque formation at the bottom of the carotid web, and 4 cases associated with thrombosis. There were 17 cases of CAW structure diagnosed by ultrasound, 5 cases were misdiagnosed or missed, the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW were 77% (17/22) and 98% (135/137), and the accuracy was 75%. Eleven cases of CAW were diagnosed by preoperative CTA, and 11 cases were misdiagnosed and missed diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of CTA in the diagnosis of CAW were 50%(11/22) and 97%(134/137), and the accuracy was 47%.Conclusions:The sensitivity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW is higher than that of CTA, which can better display the structure of CAW and whether it is associated with plaque or thrombosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the ultrasound examination and computed tomography angiography (CTA) features of carotid web(CAW), and compare with the pathology after carotid endarterectomy, and then compare diagnostic efficacies of the two methods.@*Methods@#From June 2018 to July 2019, 159 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy(CEA) in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital were collected, ultrasound examination and CTA were performed preoperatively. The presence or absence of CAW and whether there were thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques associated with it were identified. The location length, thickness, direction in the lumen, echo characteristics of CAW, and complicated with or without thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques were recorded. The postoperative specimens were observed, and the pathological analysis was performed.@*Results@#Among the 159 cases of CEA, 22 cases were confirmed to have CAW structure by pathology, and HE staining showed extensive intimal fibrohyperplasia and mucoid degeneration, among which 18 cases had plaque formation at the bottom of the carotid web, and 4 cases associated with thrombosis. There were 17 cases of CAW structure diagnosed by ultrasound, 5 cases were misdiagnosed or missed, the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW were 77% (17/22) and 98% (135/137), and the accuracy was 75%. Eleven cases of CAW were diagnosed by preoperative CTA, and 11 cases were misdiagnosed and missed diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of CTA in the diagnosis of CAW were 50%(11/22) and 97%(134/137), and the accuracy was 47%.@*Conclusions@#The sensitivity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW is higher than that of CTA, which can better display the structure of CAW and whether it is associated with plaque or thrombosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792977

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effects of debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation via anterior approach in treatment of tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 patients with tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae who accepted the treatment of one-stage debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation from June 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 9 males and 6 females, aged from 39 to 72 years with an average of (54.67±10.75) years. The lesion segment was C to C. Pre- and post-operative neurologic functions were evaluated by ASIA grade. All the patients underwent the X-ray films of positive and lateral of cervical spine before and after the operation and accepted the periodic review of CT to evaluate the bone grafting.@*RESULTS@#All the 15 operations were successful, no neurological or vascular injury occurred during the operation, and all patients were followed up for 18 to 52 months. The clinical symptoms improved significantly during the follow-up period and CT showed good bone grafting fusion. One patient suffered a relapse of the illness 3 years later, but was healed during the follow-up visit by strengthening the anti tuberculosis therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with vertebral destruction and loss of cervical stability, one-stage debridement and bone grafting with internal fixation via anterior approach has definite curative effects. On the basis of standard anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, the long-term standard anti-tuberculosis treatment after operation is the key to healing the tuberculosis of lower cervical vertebrae.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756428

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the capability oftomography ultrasound (TUI) in evaluating the development of the normal anorectal structure to provide a reference for prenatal diagnosis of imperforate anus.Methods From June 2017 to July 2018,315 singleton pregnant women at 19-40 weeks of gestational age were selected from Beijing Tiantan Hospital,and they ranged in age from 23 to 40 years,with an average age of 29±3 years.The TUI technique was applied to measure the fetal anal sphincter diameter (ASD),anal canal diameter (ACD),and anal canal length (ACL).The correlation between ASD,ACD,or ACL and gestational age was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis,and the regression equation and curve were established.The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to evaluate the repeatability of the measurement ofASD,ACD,and ACL.Results The display rate of fetal anorectum in all fetuses by the TUI technique was 97.8% (308/315).Pearson correlation analysis showed that the normal fetal ASD,ACD,and ACL were positively correlated with the gestational age of the fetus,and the regression equations are:ASD,Y=-0.001X2 + 0.421X-1.726 (r=0.83,P < 0.01);ACD,Y=0.418X-4.207 (r=0.89,P < 0.01);and ACL,Y=0.526X-1.062 (r=0.87,P < 0.01).Conclusion TUI for assessment of fetal anorectum is feasible.This method can be applied to improve the display rate of fetal anorectum.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 852-856, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800737

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of rapamycin in children with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) associated renal disease.@*Methods@#A prospective self-control study was conducted. The clinical data of 92 children diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex associated kidney disease at the People′s Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2011 to January 2019 were collected. The long-term rapamycin treatment for all patients initiated at 1 mg/(m2·d), which was gradually adjusted to reach a blood concentration of 5-10 μg/L. The changes of the maximum diameter of renal lesions in children after rapamycin treatment were observed and analyzed with Wilcoxon test.@*Results@#Ninety-two children, including 52 males and 40 females, who met the criteria were analyzed. Sixty patients had only renal angiomyolipoma(RAML), while 24 patients had only multiple renal cysts(MRC), and 8 patients had both lesions. The age of TSC diagnosis was 16.0 (7.0, 42.0) months, and the age of initial treatment with rapamycin was 63.5 (21.0, 103.0) months. The follow-up lasted for 12.0 (4.0, 23.0) months. Sequencing of TSC1 and TSC2 genes was performed in 54 children with TSC, including 3 patients (6%) with mutations in TSC1 gene and 51 patients (94%) with mutations in TSC2 gene. The maximum RAML diameter before treatment was 7.0 (4.0, 9.0) mm. The best effect reached at 3 months of treatment, with the diameter of 4.0 (0,7.0) mm. The maximum diameters at 6 months, 1 year and 1-2 years were 5.0 (0,9.8) mm, 5.0 (1.5, 8.5) mm, 5.5 (3.0, 9.0) mm, respectively, and were significantly different from the baseline (Z=-2.404,-2.350,-2.750,P=0.016,0.019,0.006, respectively). The maximum diameter after 2-3 years, and ≥3 years were 5.0 (3.9,7.0) mm and 6.0 (1.0, 11.0) mm, without significant difference from the baseline (Z=-0.856,-0.102,P=0.393,0.919, respectively).The maximum diameters of MRC after 3 months, 6 months, 1 year,1-2 years, 2-3 years, and ≥3 years were 11.0 (5.0, 14.0) mm,3.0 (0.0,11.0) mm,5.0 (0,21.0) mm,0 (0,14.0) mm,0 (0,10.0) mm, and 0 (0,18.3) mm, respectively, but were not significantly different rom the baseline (7.0 (5.0, 15.7) mm)(Z=-0.944,-1.214,-1.035,-1.896,-1.603,-1.214,P=0.345,0.225,0.301,0.058,0.109,0.225, respectively).Twenty-nine patients (32%) had oral ulcers during the entire treatment period, and no serious adverse reactions were observed.@*Conclusions@#Rapamycin could decrease the diameter of TSC-related RAML, but could not inhibit the growth of cysts. It is well tolerated in the treatment of renal diseases associated with tuberous sclerosis complex.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 989-993, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797876

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To observe the plaque surface morphology and neo-vascularization within the plaque using superb microvascular imaging(SMI)and contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS), and to compare the correlation and consistency of the two technologies based on making clinical diagnosis of symptomatic carotid artery plaque as the standard.@*Methods@#A total of 92 patients undergoing carotid ultrasonography in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from August 2016 to October 2017 were recruited, including 61 males and 31 females, aged(63.5 ± 7.7)years(range, 42-80 years.A total of 105 plaques were found.According to whether or not to have plaque-induced ipsilateral ischemic symptoms, patients were divided double-blindly into the symptom group and the non-symptom group.The features of plaque(including surface morphology and neo-vascularization)were recorded.The ultrasonographic findings were chi-squarely tested.@*Results@#There were statistically significant differences in the surface morphology and enhancement degree of CEUS between carotid artery plaque-induced ischemic symptom group and the non-symptom group(χ2=6.865, P=0.032; χ2=22.494, P<0.001). The SMI-detected surface morphology and neo-vascularization had statistically significant differences between the two groups(χ2=10.367, P=0.006; χ2=8.186, P=0.041). The correlations of plaque surface morphology(r=0.856, P<0.001)and diagnostic consistency(r=0.802, P<0.001)between SMI and CEUS were higher.In the symptom group, SMI-showed plaque fissures and small surface pitting were in 33.9%(20/59)of patients, and CEUS-showed plaque fissures and small surface pitting were in 25.4%(15/59)of patients.And SMI had a better detection rate of slight and irregular appearances on plaque surface.Taking the first grade of the plaque surface as the standard, CEUS showed a sensitivity of 42.4% and specificity of 80.4% for detecting symptomatic plaques, and SMI showed a sensitivity of 54.2% and specificity of 76.1%.The two methods had similar specificity, and SMI had a slightly higher sensitivity than did CEUS.CEUS and SMI had a good correlation of plaque neo-vascularization(r=0.802, P<0.001)and a moderate diagnostic consistency(r=0.539, P<0.001). Taking the enhancement level of 2 as the standard, CEUS showed a sensitivity of 75.8% and specificity of 67.4% for detecting the symptomatic plaque, and SMI showed a sensitivity of 58.6% and specificity of 69.5%.The two methods had similar specificity, and CEUS had a higher sensitivity than did SMI.@*Conclusions@#SMI and CEUS have a good consistency for detecting plaque surface morphology.SMI and CEUS are more correlated with plaque-induced symptoms than is two-dimensional ultrasound.The SMI has a higher display rate and repeatability than does CEUS for detecting the small fissures and the surface features of plaques.Compared with SMI-detected neo-vascularization, the degree of CEUS enhancement is more correlated with the symptoms.The specificity of CEUS and SMI is similar, and the sensitivity of CEUS is higher than that of SMI.

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