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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1305-1321, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929349

ABSTRACT

Cisplatin-related ototoxicity is a critical side effect of chemotherapy and can lead to irreversible hearing loss. This study aimed to assess the potential effect of the DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor RG108 on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Immunohistochemistry, apoptosis assay, and auditory brainstem response (ABR) were employed to determine the impacts of RG108 on cisplatin-induced injury in murine hair cells (HCs) and spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs). Rhodamine 123 and TMRM were utilized for mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) assessment. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) amounts were evaluated by Cellrox green and Mitosox-red probes. Mitochondrial respiratory function evaluation was performed by determining oxygen consumption rates (OCRs). The results showed that RG108 can markedly reduce cisplatin induced damage in HCs and SGNs, and alleviate apoptotic rate by protecting mitochondrial function through preventing ROS accumulation. Furthermore, RG108 upregulated BCL-2 and downregulated APAF1, BAX, and BAD in HEI-OC1 cells, and triggered the PI3K/AKT pathway. Decreased expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) and high methylation of the LRP1 promoter were observed after cisplatin treatment. RG108 treatment can increase LRP1 expression and decrease LRP1 promoter methylation. In conclusion, RG108 might represent a new potential agent for preventing hearing loss induced by cisplatin via activating the LRP1-PI3K/AKT pathway.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929238

ABSTRACT

Diversity-oriented synthesis is aimed to increase the chemical diversity of target natural products for extensive biological activity evaluation. Indole ring is an important functional group in a large number of drugs and other biologically active agents, and indole-containing natural products have been frequently isolated from marine sources in recent years. In this paper, a series of indole-containing marine natural hyrtioreticulin derivatives, including 19 new ones, were designed, synthesized through a key Pictet-Spengler reaction, and evaluated for their inflammation related activity. Compound 13b displayed the most promising activity by inhibiting TNF-α cytokine release with an inhibitory rate of 92% at a concentration of 20 μmol·L-1. A preliminary structure-activity relationship analysis was also discussed. This research may throw light on the discovery of marine indole alkaloid derived anti-inflammatory drug leads.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Biological Products/pharmacology , Indole Alkaloids/pharmacology , Porifera , Structure-Activity Relationship
3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 69-80, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929078

ABSTRACT

Sodium salicylate is an anti-inflammatory medication with a side-effect of tinnitus. Here, we used mouse cochlear cultures to explore the effects of salicylate treatment on cochlear inner hair cells (IHCs). We found that IHCs showed significant damage after exposure to a high concentration of salicylate. Whole-cell patch clamp recordings showed that 1-5 mmol/L salicylate did not affect the exocytosis of IHCs, indicating that IHCs are not involved in tinnitus generation by enhancing their neuronal input. Instead, salicylate induced a larger peak amplitude, a more negative half-activation voltage, and a steeper slope factor of Ca2+ current. Using noise analysis of Ca2+ tail currents and qRT-PCR, we further found that salicylate increased the number of Ca2+ channels along with CaV1.3 expression. All these changes could act synergistically to enhance the Ca2+ influx into IHCs. Inhibition of intracellular Ca2+ overload significantly attenuated IHC death after 10 mmol/L salicylate treatment. These results implicate a cellular mechanism for tinnitus generation in the peripheral auditory system.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Exocytosis , Hair Cells, Auditory, Inner , Mice , Sodium Salicylate/pharmacology , Tinnitus/chemically induced
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928692

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 40 children with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and provide ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical characteristics, risk stratification, and different treatment regimens of 40 cases with MDS admitted in Department of Hematology of Children's Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier survival curve were used to estimate 3-year overall survival (OS) rate and event-free survival (EFS) rate.@*RESULTS@#In 40 cases, the ratio of male to female was 1.4∶1.0, male was more than female, and median age was 6.0 years old. Among them, refractory cytopenia (MDS-RCC) was the most common type, and 11 cases were chromosomal abnormalities, 21 cases genetic abnormalities. Fifteen cases accepted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) treatment, while 25 cases did not but drug therapy alone. The 3-year OS rate of the cases who accepted HSCT or not was (72.2±12.2)% and (35.3±10.2)% (P=0.039), 3-year EFS rate was (65.0±12.9)% and (19.2±8.4)% (P=0.012), respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that age < 7 years old (P=0.0333), initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L (P=0.007), presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutations (P=0.0002), and treatment without HSCT (P=0.016) were the high-risk factors of prognosis. All the children were classified according to IPSS, WPSS and IPSS-R, while analysis result showed that the above three risk assessment had limitations for risk assessment of MDS in children, they could not comprehensively assess the prognosis of children with MDS.@*CONCLUSION@#MDS-RCC in children is more common. Cox multivariate analysis shows that age < 7 years old, initial diagnosed platelet < 50×109/L, presence of complex karyotypes and/or gene mutation, and treatment without HSCT are the high-risk factors of prognosis in children with MDS. HSCT is the most effective treatment to cure children with MDS at present. The current methods such as IPSS-R commonly used in assessment of prognosis in children with MDS show obvious limitation.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928578

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) and its risk factors in very preterm infants (VPIs) during hospitalization in China.@*METHODS@#A prospective multicenter study was performed on the medical data of 2 514 VPIs who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 28 hospitals from 7 areas of China between September 2019 and December 2020. According to the presence or absence of EUGR based on the evaluation of body weight at the corrected gestational age of 36 weeks or at discharge, the VPIs were classified to two groups: EUGR group (n=1 189) and non-EUGR (n=1 325). The clinical features were compared between the two groups, and the incidence of EUGR and risk factors for EUGR were examined.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of EUGR was 47.30% (1 189/2 514) evaluated by weight. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher weight growth velocity after regaining birth weight and higher cumulative calorie intake during the first week of hospitalization were protective factors against EUGR (P<0.05), while small-for-gestational-age birth, prolonged time to the initiation of total enteral feeding, prolonged cumulative fasting time, lower breast milk intake before starting human milk fortifiers, prolonged time to the initiation of full fortified feeding, and moderate-to-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia were risk factors for EUGR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is crucial to reduce the incidence of EUGR by achieving total enteral feeding as early as possible, strengthening breastfeeding, increasing calorie intake in the first week after birth, improving the velocity of weight gain, and preventing moderate-severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia in VPIs.


Subject(s)
Female , Fetal Growth Retardation , Gestational Age , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927989

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the pharmaceutical effect and underlying mechanism of Zexie Decoction(ZXD) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) in vitro and in vivo via the LKB1/AMPK/PGC-1α pathway based on palmitic acid(PA)-induced lipid accumulation model and high-fat diet(HFD)-induced NAFLD model in mice. As revealed by the MTT assay, ZXD had no effect on HepG2 activity, but dose-dependently down-regulated alanine aminotransferase(ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in the liver cell medium induced by PA, and decreased the plasma levels of ALT and AST, and total cholesterol(TC) and triglyceride(TG) levels in the liver. Nile red staining showed PA-induced intracellular lipid accumulation, significantly increased lipid accumulation of hepatocytes induced by PA, suggesting that the lipid accumulation model in vitro was properly induced. ZXD could effectively improve the lipid accumulation of hepatocytes induced by PA. Oil red O staining also demonstrated that ZXD improved the lipid accumulation in the liver of HFD mice. JC-1 staining for mitochondrial membrane potential indicated that ZXD effectively reversed the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential caused by hepatocyte injury induced by PA, activated PGC-1α, and up-regulated the expression of its target genes, such as ACADS, CPT-1α, CPT-1β, UCP-1, ACSL-1, and NRF-1. In addition, as revealed by the Western blot and immunohistochemistry, ZXD up-regulated the protein expression levels of LKB1, p-AMPK, p-ACC, and PGC-1α in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, ZXD can improve NAFLD and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the LKB1/AMPK/PGC-1α pathway.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Alanine Transaminase/metabolism , Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Liver/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927882

ABSTRACT

Air pollution has severe detrimental effects on public health.A substantial number of studies have demonstrated that air pollution exposure is a risk factor for the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and a cause of non-communicable diseases.Both long-term and short-term exposure to air pollution are associated with respiratory diseases,stroke,coronary artery disease,and diabetes.Aiming to better understand the association,we reviewed the latest studies about the association of air pollution with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases,especially stroke,coronary heart disease,arrhythmia,hypertension,and heart failure,and summarized the underlying mechanisms of the health damage caused by long-term and short-term exposure to air pollution.


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Humans , Particulate Matter/analysis , Stroke/complications
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927848

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods The patients with PTC treated by surgery in the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2016 to January 2021 were selected for analysis.All the patients underwent preoperative ultrasound and CT examinations,the diagnostic values of which for CLNM were retrospectively analyzed. Results A total of 322 PTC patients were enrolled in this study,including 242 with CLNM and 80 with non-CLNM.The CLNM group and non-CLNM group had significant differences in age,tumor size,and maximum size of lateral CLNM (χ2=20.34,27.34,and 4.30,respectively,all P<0.001).For the central compartment,lateral compartment,and overall compartment,ultrasound diagnosis showed higher sensitivity (χ 2=82.26,P<0.001;χ2=114.01,P<0.001;χ2=82.26,P<0.001) and accuracy (χ2=20.27,P<0.001;χ2=15.56,P<0.001;χ2=44.00,P<0.001) than CT,and had no significant differences from ultrasound combined with CT (all P>0.05).However,ultrasound diagnosis had lower specificity than CT (χ2=17.01,P<0.001;χ2=21.29,P<0.001) in the central compartment and lateral compartment.Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that in the central compartment,lateral compartment,and overall compartment,ultrasound diagnosis had larger AUC than CT (Z=2.99,P=0.003;Z=3.86,P<0.001;Z=4.47,P<0.001) and had no significant difference from ultrasound combined with CT (Z=1.87,P=0.062;Z=1.68,P=0.093;Z=1.61,P=0.107). Conclusions Ultrasound and CT have their own advantages in the diagnosis of central and lateral CLNM.In general,ultrasound has better performance than CT in the diagnosis of CLNM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography/methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927844

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the performance of micro-flow imaging(MFI)in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Methods Totally 50 patients with thyroid nodules examined by conventional ultrasound,MFI,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound and confirmed by histological or cytological pathology in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from May to December in 2020 were enrolled in the study.The clinical data and ultrasound images were retrospectively analyzed.A binary logistic regression model was established to evaluate the performance of the model in predicting benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Results Logistic regression showed that composition and "S-W-C" sign were independent risk factors for predicting malignant thyroid nodule.The sensitivity,specificity,and Youden index of the logistic regression model were 73.33%,80.00%,and 0.53,respectively,and the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.799(95%CI=0.662-0.899). Conclusion MFI facilitates the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and has the potential to be applied in the future.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods
10.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 28-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927578

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common critical clinical disease characterized by a sharp decline of renal function. Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is one of the main causes of AKI. The mortality of AKI remains high due to the lack of early diagnosis and cause specific treatment. IR rapidly initiates innate immune responses, activates complement and innate immune cells, releasing a large number of injury-related molecules such as high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), inflammatory mediators such as caspase-3, and then recruits immune inflammatory cells including M1 macrophages (Mϕ) to the microenvironment of injury, causing apoptosis and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs). Dead cells and associated inflammation further activate the adaptive immune system, which not only aggravates tissue damage, but also initiates M2 Mϕ participated inflammatory clearance, tissue repair and regeneration. Mϕ, professional phagocytes, and TECs, semi-professional phagocytes, can phagocytose around damaged cells including apoptotic Mϕ and TECs, which are key innate immune cells to regulate the outcome of injury, repair or fibrosis. In recent years, it has been found that erythropoietin (EPO) not only binds to the homodimeric receptor (EPOR)2 to induce erythropoiesis, but also binds to the heterodimeric receptor EPOR/βcR, also known as innate repair receptor, which plays renoprotective roles. Properdin is the only positive regulator in the complement activation of alternative pathway. It also can effectively identify and bind to early apoptotic T cells and facilitate phagocytic clearing by Mϕ through a non-complement activation-dependent mechanism. Our previous studies have shown that Mϕ and TECs associated with EPO and its receptors and properdin are involved in IR injury and repair, but the underlying mechanism needs to be further explored. As an important carrier of cell-to-cell signal transmission, exosomes participate in the occurrence and development of a variety of renal diseases. The role of exosomes involved in the interaction between Mϕ and TECs in IR-induced AKI is not fully defined. Based on the available results in the role of Mϕ and TECs in renal IR-induced AKI, this review discussed the role of Mϕ polarization and interaction with TECs in renal IR injury, as well as the participation of EPO and its receptors, properdin and exosomes.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Animals , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , Ischemia/metabolism , Kidney , Macrophages/physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the main factors affecting the positive results of acupuncture for chronic pain in English literature of randomized controlled trial (RCT), in order to provide reference for the design of acupuncture clinical research.@*METHODS@#The RCTs of acupuncture for chronic pain published before March 26, 2020 were searched in PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library by computer. A total of 21 factors were analyzed by single-factor analysis, and the factors with statistically significant difference were selected for multivariate Logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 69 RCTs were included, including 47 RCTs (68.12%) with positive results and 22 RCTs (31.88%) with non-positive results. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed with the three screened factors (publication year, treatment frequency and intervention form) selected by single-factor analysis, and the results showed that the positive results were related to the frequency of acupuncture treatment. The positive rate of RCT with frequency≥2 times a week was 3.24 times of that with frequency<2 times a week (OR=3.24, 95%CI =[1.07,9.83], P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture frequency may be the main factor affecting the positive results of RCT in English literature of acupuncture for chronic pain. More researches are needed in the future to explore the influence of acupuncture frequency on the curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain/therapy , Humans , PubMed
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on anxiety and depression in patients with insomnia, and to explore the mechanism of its compatibility effect.@*METHODS@#Ninety patients of insomnia were randomly divided into a combination group, a Shenmen group and a Sanyinjiao group, 30 cases in each group. In addition, 37 cases with anxiety (12 cases in the combination group, 13 cases in the Shenmen group and 12 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) and 42 cases with depression (14 cases in the combination group, 14 cases in the Shenmen group and 14 cases in the Sanyinjiao group) were identified. The patients in the combination group, Shenmen group and Sanyinjiao group were treated with EA (dilatational wave, frequency of 5 Hz/25 Hz) at Shenmen (HT 7)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), respectively, 30 min each treatment, once a day. The consecutive 5 days of treatments were taken as a course of treatment, and 2 courses of treatment were given. The insomnia severity index (ISI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores were evaluated before and after treatment, and the serum contents of dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) were measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), and the ISI score in the combination group was lower than that in the Shenmen group (P<0.05). Among the patients with anxiety, compared before treatment, the ISI, SAS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the SAS score and serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group as well as the ISI score in the combination group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05). Among the patients with depression, compared before treatment, the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of DA were all decreased after treatment in the three groups (P<0.05), and the serum contents of NE in the combination group and Shenmen group were decreased after treatment (P<0.05); the ISI, SDS scores and serum contents of NE in the combination group as well as SDS score in the Shenmen group were lower than those in the Sanyinjiao group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) has advantages over EA at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on improving insomnia, anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) plays a major role in improving anxiety and depression. Shenmen (HT 7) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) may play a compatibility effect of regulating consciousness and sleeping by reducing the level of serum NE.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Anxiety/therapy , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1429-1439, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924764

ABSTRACT

Synephrine is a natural small-molecule alkaloid found in Aurantii fructus immaturus with versatile biological activities, but its derivatives have been rarely studied so far. Based on the multi-target drug design strategy, the phenolic hydroxyl and secondary amino group of synephrine were modified structurally by the molecular splicing method in this study and thus five intermediates and fifteen target molecules were designed and synthesized. These compounds were evaluated with certain human pathogenic bacteria and fungi, and found that the inhibitory activities of IM4 and IM5 against E.coli are comparable to those of eight fluoroquinolones; TM1n showed stronger inhibitory activity against drug-resistant C. trobicans and drug-resistant C. albicans than the positive control drug fluconazole. TM1d and TM1f against C. albicans ATCC90023, TM1o and TM1f against drug-resistant C. albicans, and TM1f against C. parapsilosis ATCC22019 are all comparable to fluconazole, all of which have the potential for in-depth research. In this study, synephrine derivatives with strong inhibitory activities against human pathogenic fungi were discovered for the first time, which provided a new idea for the further study of synephrine.

14.
Biol. Res ; 552022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: G protein coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) has been demonstrated to play a crucial role in the development of chronic pain. Acupuncture is an alternative therapy widely used for pain management. In this study, we investigated the role of spinal neuronal GRK2 in electroacupuncture (EA) analgesia. Methods: The mice model of inflammatory pain was built by subcutaneous injection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) into the plantar surface of the hind paws. The mechanical allodynia of mice was examined by von Frey test. The mice were subjected to EA treatment (BL60 and ST36 acupuncture points) for 1 week. Overexpression and down-regulation of spinal neuronal GRK2 were achieved by intraspinal injection of adeno associated virus (AAV) containing neuron-specific promoters, and microglial activation and neuroinflammation were evaluated by real-time PCR. Results: Intraplantar injection with CFA in mice induced the decrease of GRK2 and microglial activation along with neuroinflammation in spinal cord. EA treatment increased the spinal GRK2, reduced neuroinflammation, and significantly decreased CFA-induced mechanical allodynia. The effects of EA were markedly weakened by non-cell-specific downregulation of spinal GRK2. Further, intraspinal injection of AAV containing neuron-specific promoters specifically downregulated neuronal GRK2, and weakened the regulatory effect of EA on CFA-induced mechanical allodynia and microglial activation. Meanwhile, overexpression of spinal neuronal GRK2 decreased mechanical allodynia. All these indicated that the neuronal GRK2 mediated microglial activation and neuroinflammation, and subsequently contributed to CFA-induced inflammatory pain. Conclusion: The restoration of the spinal GRK2 and subsequent suppression of microglial activation and neuroinflammation might be an important mechanism for EA analgesia. Our findings further suggested that the spinal GRK2, especially neuronal GRK2, might be the potential target for EA analgesia and pain management, and we provided a new experimental basis for the EA treatment of pain.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880140

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of interim @*METHODS@#Twenty-one patients with ENKTL who were pathologically diagnosed at Shanghai General Hospital of Nanjing Medical University (Shanghai General Hospital) from January 2015 to December 2018 were retrospectively collected, and @*RESULTS@#After treatment, 11 patients had complete remission (CR), 3 had partial remission (PR), 1 had stable disease (SD), and 6 had disease progression (PD). The CR patients' △SUVmax was significantly higher than non-CR patients [(66.07±22.33)% vs (36.87±23.28)%, t=2.927, P=0.009]. Calculated from the receiver operating curve (ROC), the optimal cut-off point of ΔSUVmax was 51.45%. The median follow-up time was 32 months. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that KPI, DS and ΔSUVmax had significance in predicting PFS and OS (P<0.05). COX regression analysis showed that DS was an independent risk factor affecting PFS (P<0.05), and KPI and ΔSUVmax were independent risk factors affecting OS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Interim


Subject(s)
China , Disease-Free Survival , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between Treg cells level in peripheral blood and prognosis of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The percentage and absolute value of Treg cells in peripheral blood of DLBCL patients were detected by flow lytometry, and their correlation to prognosis was analyzed by survival analysis. The absolute count of Treg cells was detected by using maximally selected Log-rank statistic, and it was used as cutoff point to distinguish difference survival. The new group of Treg based on cutoff point was combined with age, sex, pathological subtype, risk stratification, treatment plan, and other indicators to include in the single factor survival analysis of Kaplan-Meier. Finally, the COX proportional risk model was used to verify the effect of the above indicators on progression-free survival.@*RESULTS@#The absolute count of Treg cells in DLBCL patients was significantly lower in the disease progressed group than those in the remission group. The cutoff point of absolute value of the Treg cell was 19 cells /μl. The absolute count of Treg cells was an independent prognostic factor of the risk stratification.@*CONCLUSION@#At the beginning of diagnosis, the reduction of the absolute count of Treg cells in peripheral blood of DLBCL patients show a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Monocytes , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879820

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the birth condition of preterm infants and the causes of preterm birth in Henan Province, China, and to provide a basis for the prevention and treatment of preterm birth.@*METHODS@#An epidemiological investigation was conducted for live-birth preterm infants who were born in 53 hospitals in 17 cities of Henan Province from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019 to investigate the incidence rate of preterm birth, the distribution of gestational age and birth weight, the use of antenatal glucocorticoids, and the causes of preterm birth.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of preterm birth was 5.84% (12 406/212 438) in the 53 hospitals. The proportions of preterm infants with gestational ages of < 28 weeks, 28 - < 32 weeks, 32 - < 34 weeks, and 34 - < 37 weeks were 1.58% (196/12 406), 11.46% (1 422/12 406), 15.18% (1 883/12 406), and 71.78% (8 905/12 406) respectively. The proportions of preterm infants with birth weights of < 1 000 g, 1 000- < 1 500 g, 1 500- < 2 500 g, 2 500- < 4 000 g, and ≥ 4 000 g were 1.95% (240/12 313), 8.54% (1 051/12 313), 49.53% (6 099/12 313), 39.59% (4 875/12 313), and 0.39% (48/12 313) respectively. The infants born by natural labor accounted for 28.76% (3 568/12 406), and those born by cesarean section accounted for 70.38% (8 731/12 406). The rate of use of antenatal glucocorticoids was 52.52% (6 293/11 983) for preterm infants and 68.69% (2 319/3 376) for the preterm infants with a gestational age of < 34 weeks. Iatrogenic preterm labor was the leading cause of preterm birth[40.06% (4 915/12 270)], followed by spontaneous preterm birth[30.16% (3 701/12 270)] and preterm birth due to premature rupture of membranes[29.78% (3 654/12 270)]. The top three causes of iatrogenic preterm birth were hypertensive disorders of pregnancy[47.12% (2 316/4 915)], fetal intrauterine distress[22.85% (1 123/4 915)], and placenta previa/placental abruption[18.07% (888/4 915)].@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively low incidence rate of preterm birth in Henan Province, and late preterm infants account for a relatively high proportion. Iatrogenic preterm birth is the main cause of preterm birth in Henan Province, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and fetal intrauterine distress are the main causes of iatrogenic preterm birth.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Pregnancy , Premature Birth/etiology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the (CGG)n repeats of FMR1 gene among patients with unexplained mental retardation.@*METHODS@#For 201 patients with unexplained mental retardation, the (CGG)n repeats of the FMR1 gene were analyzed by PCR and FragilEase@*RESULTS@#For the 201 patients with unexplained mental retardation, 15 were identified with full mutations of the FMR1 gene. The prevalence of fragile X syndrome (FXS) in patients with unexplained mental retardation was determined as 7.5% (15/201). Prenatal diagnosis was provided for 6 pregnant women with pre- or full mutations. Analysis revealed that women with mental retardation and full FMR1 mutations exhibited a skewed XCI pattern with primary expression of the X chromosome carrying the mutant allele.@*CONCLUSION@#FXS has a high incidence among patients with unexplained mental retardation. Analysis of FMR1 gene (CGG)n repeats in patients with unexplained mental retardation can facilitate genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for their families. FMR1 gene (CGG)n repeats screening should be recommended for patients with unexplained mental retardation.


Subject(s)
Female , Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein/genetics , Fragile X Syndrome/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical and genetic features of three patient diagnosed with Kleefstra syndrome.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out for the probands and their parents. Suspected variants were validated by Sanger sequencing. Copy number variations (CNV) were detected by CNV-seq and validated by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Proband 1 was found to carry a de novo heterogeneous variant (c.823+1G>T) of the EHMT1 gene, which may affect its expression. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the variant was predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PS2+PM2). Proband 2 was found to carry a de novo missense variant c.439C>G (p.L147V) of the EHMT1 gene, which was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PS2+PM1+PM2+PP3). Proband 3 was found to carry a heterozygous 520 kb deletion at 9q34.3 by CNV-seq. The deletion has encompassed the whole of the EHMT1 gene. Real-time PCR has detected no CNV of this region in her parents.@*CONCLUSION@#Variants of the EHMT1 gene probably underlay the disease in these patients. Genetic testing has provided a basis for their clinical diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 , Craniofacial Abnormalities , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genetic Testing , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
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