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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878996

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huaier Granules in the adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBMdisc, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase were searched by computer to screen out the randomized controlled trial on Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of primary liver cancer from the establishment of the databases to January 2020. Data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted for the included literature. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 software, and evidence quality evaluation was conducted for the outcomes by GRADE profiler software. A total of 24 articles were included, with a total sample size of 2 664 cases. Meta-analysis showed that as compared with Western medicine alone, Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine could improve the objective remission rate(RR=1.38, 95%CI[1.26, 1.51], P<0.000 01), disease control rate(RR=1.29, 95%CI[1.10, 1.52], P=0.002) and 6-month survival rate(RR=1.20, 95%CI[1.10, 1.32], P<0.000 1), 1-year survival rate(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.58], P<0.000 01), 2-year survival rate(RR=1.95, 95%CI[1.28, 2.96], P=0.002), KPS score(MD=17.15, 95%CI[6.47, 27.83], P=0.002) and the improvement rate of KPS score(RR=2.02, 95%CI[1.47, 2.77], P<0.000 1), AFP decline rate(RR=1.40, 95%CI[1.20, 1.62], P<0.000 1), CD3~+(MD=17.34, 95%CI[9.28, 25.40], P<0.000 1), CD4~+(MD=8.62, 95%CI[1.59, 15.64], P=0.02), CD8~+(MD=1.95, 95%CI[-3.93, 7.82], P=0.52), CD4~+/CD8~+(MD=0.42, 95%CI[-0.33, 1.17], P=0.27); reduce the level of AFP(MD=-71.57, 95%CI[-80.42,-62.72], P<0.000 01), recurrence rate(RR=0.76, 95%CI[0.67, 0.85], P<0.000 01), and incidence of adverse reactions(RR=0.60, 95%CI[0.41, 0.89], P=0.01) in patients with primary liver cancer. According to the GRADE system, the evidence for outcome measures was low to very low. The results show that Huaier Granules have certain efficacy and high safety in adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer, but its effect in reducing adverse reactions and improve immunity remains to be verified. Due to the poor quality of the included studies and evidences, the conclusions still need to be further verified by multi-center, large sample, and randomized double-blind controlled studies.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Complex Mixtures , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Trametes
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 223-232, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878251

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate the role of GluN2B-BDNF pathway in the cerebrospinal fluid-contacting nucleus (CSF-CN) in neuropathic pain. Intra-lateral ventricle injection of cholera toxin subunit B conjugated with horseradish peroxidase (CBHRP) was used to label the CSF-CN. Double-labeled immunofluorescent staining and Western blot were used to observe the expression of GluN2B and BDNF in the CSF-CN. Chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI) rat model was used to duplicate the neuropathic pain. Pain behavior was scored to determine the analgesic effects of GluN2B antagonist Ro 25-6981 and BDNF neutralizing antibody on CCI rats. GluN2B and BDNF were expressed in the CSF-CN and their expression was up-regulated in CCI rats. Intra-lateral ventricle injection of GluN2B antagonist Ro 25-6981 or BDNF neutralizing antibody notably alleviated thermal hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia in CCI rats. Moreover, the increased expression of BDNF protein in CCI rats was reversed by intra-lateral ventricle injection of Ro 25-6981. These results suggest that GluN2B and BDNF are expressed in the CSF-CN and alteration of GluN2B-BDNF pathway in the CSF-CN is involved in the modulation of the peripheral neuropathic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Hyperalgesia , Neuralgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatic Nerve
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
China , Female , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Humans , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879195

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different oral Chinese patent medicines combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of primary liver cancer. Randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines for primary liver cancer were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases from inception to May 2020. According to the Cochrane recommendation standard, the quality of the included articles was evaluated, and the data were analyzed by RevMan, R software and GeMTC software. A total of 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 68 RCTs were included. Network Meta-analysis results showed that: as compared with TACE alone, 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with TACE showed advantages in effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence. In the pairwise comparison of oral Chinese patent medicines, the results showed that Cidan Capsules were superior to Jinlong Capsules and Xihuang Pills in 1-year survival rate. According to the probabi-lity ranking results: Shenyi Capsules and Ganfule were more obvious in improving the effective rate; Cidan Capsules and Shenyi Capsules were more effective in improving the 1-year survival rate; Pingxiao Capsules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving 2-year survival rate; Huaier Granules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving the quality of life; Huisheng Oral Liquid and Ganfule were more effective in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions(such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis). The current evidence showed that oral Chinese patent medicine combined with TACE was superior to TACE alone in efficacy and safety. In terms of the effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence, the optimal treatment measures were Shenyi Capsules, Cidan Capsules, Pingxiao Capsules, Huaier Granules and Huisheng Oral Liquid in turn. However, due to the limitations of the research, the current level of evidence is not high, and clear conclusions and evi-dence strength still need to be further verified and improved by high-quality researches.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality of Life
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the immunological efficacy of a novel DNA vaccine against West Nile virus (WNV) in a mouse model.Methods:A DNA vaccine VRC-prME expressing the precursor membrane (prM) and envelope protein (E) of WNV Xinjiang strain (XJ11129-3) was constructed and its ability to express virus-like particles was verified in vitro. C57BL/6 mice were immunized twice with VRC-prME via intramuscular injection combined with electroporation with an interval of four weeks. Enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) was used to detect serum antibodies after immunization. WNV (NY99 strain) single-round infectious particles were used to detect neutralizing antibodies. Cellular immune responses were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunoblot assay (ELISPOT) and intracellular cytokine staining (ICS). Results:VRC-prME induced a strong Th1-biased antibody response in mice that could cross-neutralize the WNV (NY99 strain) single-round infectious particles two weeks after the boost immunization. Moreover, the vaccine also elicited antigen-specific multifunctional CD8 + T cell responses (IFN-γ, IL-2, TNF-α). Conclusions:The novel DNA vaccine prepared in this study, expressing the prME protein of WNV XJ11129-3 strain, could induce stronger humoral and cellular immune responses in mice, which was worthy of further research and development for the prevention of WNV infection in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of down-regulation of RACK1 expression on growth and radiosensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells.Methods:The shRNA vector for RACK1 gene was constructed and transfected into HSC-3 cells by lipofectamine. The stably-transfected cell line was obtained by constructing G418. The expression levels of RACK1 mRNA and protein were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot. The cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 assay. Cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. The invasive and metastatic capabilities of cancer cells were assessed by cell invasion assay in vitro.The effect of X-ray irradiation combined with down-regulation of RACK1 expression upon cell proliferation was assessed by clone formation assay. The xenograft tumor nude mouse model was established to observe the inhibitory effect of down-regulating RACK1 gene expression combined with X-ray irradiation on oral squamous cell carcinoma. Results:RT-PCR revealed that the expression level of RACK1 mRNA of transfected HSC-3 cells was significantly down-regulated ( P<0.05). Western blot showed that the expression level of RACK1 protein was significantly down-regulated ( P<0.05). CCK8 assay demonstrated that down-regulation of RACK1 expression could remarkably inhibit the growth of HSC-3 cells ( P<0.05). RACK1 gene shRNA interference combined with X-ray irradiation significantly enhanced the apoptosis rate of HSC-3 cells ( P<0.05). The number of invasion cells in vitro in the RACK1 silencing group was evidently decreased ( P<0.05). Clone formation assay showed that the survival fraction in the shRACK1 group was significantly lower than that in the control group. The sensitization enhancement ratio was 1.37(ratio of D 0 value). Xenograft tumor experiment in nude mice showed that tumor growth was significantly inhibited in the shRACK1 group, the tumor volume was significantly decreased and the tumor mass was significantly lower than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Down-regulating RACK1 expression can enhance the radiosensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells, providing novel thinking to improve the radiosensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk of adverse events in the clinical use of infant incubators of three kinds of national medical devices in Zhejiang Province.@*METHODS@#Semi-quantitative matrix analysis was used to analyze the risk of adverse events related to incubator products in Zhejiang province from August 2018 to August 2019.@*RESULTS@#Through the risk analysis of 213 cases of adverse events of infant incubator product, the risk point and degree of the product in practical clinical application were evaluated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Through the evaluation results of the production enterprises, medical institutions put forward relevant recommendations to reduce the risk of product use to prevent the recurrence of serious adverse events in the use of the product and spread.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incubators, Infant , Infant
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837852

ABSTRACT

Exploration and utilization of polar resources are important for China's "Strategy Xinjiangyu". Extreme conditions such as coldness, low pressure, low oxygen and strong ultraviolet radiation in polar environment can lead to a series of adaptive and pathological changes of the cardiovascular system, autonomic nervous system and circadian rhythm. In polar environment, the risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased, and the injury of vascular endothelial cells and the change of cardiovascular structure and function are the important mechanisms. The supplement of dietary nitrate and the use of antisympathetic drugs may be the potential preventive measures. Cold stimulation, low oxygen and ultraviolet radiation can affect the balance of autonomic nervous system, which may be the key factor of body function changes in polar workers. In addition to the extreme climate and geographical conditions, polar workers also face polar day and night which changes the circadian rhythm. Researches have shown that melatonin secretion is highly related to the circadian rhythm, suggesting that maintaining the normal secretion of melatonin may be an effective way to regulate circadian rhythm. In addition, various extreme conditions in the polar environment can also lead to respiratory, digestive and endocrine system diseases. It is necessary to clarify the adaptability, pathological changes and mechanisms of human body in polar environment, providing references for polar workers to adapt to the polar environment and polar medical research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837775

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical significance of elevated serum carbohydrate antigen 724 (CA724) in gout patients. Methods The clinical data of 271 gout patients, 63 ankylosing spondylitis patients, 40 psoriatic arthritis patients, 67 osteoarthritis patients and 280 healthy controls in our hospital from Jul. 2016 to Jun. 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The positive rates and levels of serum CA724 were compared among gout patients and ankylosing spondylitis patients, psoriatic arthritis patients, osteoarthritis patients and healthy controls. According to the clinical symptoms and signs, gout patients were also divided into acute-stage group (n=53) and chronic-stage group (n=218); the serum CA724 levels were compared between the two groups and the correlation between serum CA724 level with white blood cell count and C-reactive protein (CRP) was analyzed in acute-stage gout patients. According to the serum CA724 level, gout patients were divided into elevated serum CA724 group (n=63) and normal serum CA724 group (n=208), and the serum uric acid, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein were compared between the two groups. Results The positive rate of serum CA724 in gout patients was significantly higher than those in ankylosing spondylitis patients, psoriatic arthritis patients, osteoarthritis patients and healthy controls (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum CA724 in gout patients was significantly higher than those in osteoarthritis patients and healthy controls (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum CA724 in acute-stage gout patients was significantly higher than that in chronic-stage gout patients (P<0.01), and it was positively correlated with white blood cell count and CRP (both P<0.01). The levels of serum uric acid and triglyceride in gout patients with elevated serum CA724 were significantly higher than those in patients with normal serum CA724 (P<0.01, P<0.05), while the level of high-density lipoprotein was significantly lower than that in normal serum CA724 group (P<0.01). Conclusion Serum CA724 level is increased in some gout patients, and serum CA724 is correlated with acute gout attack and inflammation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849712

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of uptake and retention of a novel PET myocardial perfusion imaging agent 18F-MyoZone in cardiomyocytes. Methods 1) Mechanism of inhibition of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme activity: With mitochondrial respiratory chain enzyme complex I (MC-I) activity assay kit, a sequence of 19F-MyoZone solution (start at 15 μmol/L, 3 times dilution, 12 points) was interacted with MC-I to detect the half inhibition rate (IC50) of 19F-MyoZone inhibiting mitochondrial respiratory chain activity. 2) Autoradiography experiment of 18F-MyoZone combining with MC-I: Myocardial tissue sections of neonatal rat were hatched with normal saline and 4 known MC-I inhibitors [rotenone (4 μmol/L), 19F-Flurpiridaz (4 μmol/L), 19F-MyoZone (4 μmol/L) and pyridaben (4 μmol/L)], and then 18F-MyoZone was added to autoradiography for detecting whether 18F-MyoZone can specifically bind the cardiomyocytes MC-I; and then the myocardial tissue sections of rat were hatched for 30 min with different concentrations of rotenone or 19F-MyoZone solution (0, 20 μmol/L, 2 μmol/L and 200 nmol/L, 20 nmol/L), then the 18F-MyoZone was added and hatched for 30 min again, developing for 10 min with phosphor storage screen after cleaning the slice, and analyzing and calculating the inhibition rate of each inhibitor concentration. 3) Experiment of rotenone inhibitting the uptake of 18F-MyoZone by cardiomyocytes: Neonate rats' primary cardiomyocytes were cultured for 15 min with different concentrations of 19F-MyoZone or equivalent rotenone (start at 10 μmol/L, 3 times dilution, 12 points), then 50 μl of 18F-MyoZone (about 17 kBq) was added and culturing for 30 min. The lysate was then collected, the radioactivity was counted and the IC50 of rotenone was calculated. 4) Outflow experiment of 18F-MyoZone from cardiomyocytes: Cultured neonate rats' primary cardiomyocytes were interacted with 500 μl of 18F-MyoZone (about 37 kBq) for 30 min, then the cell supernatant and lysate were separated to do photon counts at the time points of 0, 10, 20, 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min. The ratio of cardiomyocyte outflow rate was then calculated. Results Enzyme activity studies showed that 19F-MyoZone may effectively inhibit the activity of MC-I(IC50=229.9 nmol/L) in a dose dependent manner. MyoZone could specifically bind to MC-I with binding sites in accordance with the inhibitors rotenone, pyridaben and 19F-Flurpiridaz. Experiment of rotenone inhibitting the uptake of 18F-MyoZone by cardiomyocytes showed that 18F-MyoZone could be absorbed by rat's cardiomyocytes, and with the increase of rotenone concentration, the radio uptake of cardiomyocytes decreased gradually with inhibitor IC50 as 7 nmol/L. Outflow experiment showed that rat's cardiomyocytes could uptake 18F-MyoZone and stably detain over time. The outflow rate increased gradually within 0-30 min, and then maintained constantly from 60 min to 150 min. The amount of retention was about 20% of the entire uptake. Conclusions 18F-MyoZone may specifically bind MC-I and detain for a long time in rat's cardiomyocytes. 18F-MyoZone is a valuable myocardial perfusion imaging agent with great research value.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799049

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the application of endoscopic tattooing with carbon nanoparticles in the treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (ACRC).@*Methods@#A randomized controlled study was used. Inclusion criteria: (1) age more than 18 years old, and colorectal cancer was found for the first time and confirmed by colonoscopy and biopsy; (2) advanced colorectal cancer (preoperative TNM stage of T3/N1 or above, local unresectable lesion, M1 stage and simultaneously resectable metastatic lesion), and patients agreed to receive neoadjuvant therapy; (3) advanced colorectal cancer (TNM stage of T3/N1 or above) with simultaneous unresectable metastatic lesion, and patients refused operation and consented to chemoradiotherapy. Patients with previous abdominal surgery history, radiotherapy and chemotherapy history, urgent need for surgery or endoscopic stent placement and those with severe allergic constitution were excluded. Based on the above criteria, 120 patients diagnosed with ACRC in No.900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team from January 2016 to December 2017 were prospectively enrolled and randomly divided into tattoo group and non-tattoo group by random number table method. Tattoo group were tattooed within 1-7 days before chemoradiotherapy. The labeling location of the lesions: (1) if the colonoscopy could pass smoothly, 4 points were injected into the intestinal wall of the both opposite sides 1 cm cephalad and caudad of the tumor; (2) if the colorectal cavity was severely narrow and the colonoscopy could not pass, only 4 points were injected in 4 quadrants at 1 cm caudad of the tumor. Each injection point was injected with 0.1 ml carbon nanoparticles, and the size of the tumor was measured according to the range of carbon nanoparticles staining. The efficacy was evaluated after 8 weeks of chemoradiotherapy. Patients who were defined to be suitable for operation underwent operation 6 weeks after chemoradiotherapy. The following parameters were compared between two groups: lesion identification time, operation time, blood loss, distance from lesion to distal margin, the rate of first positive margin and the rate of anal sphincter preservation (rectal cancer). Among patients who had been evaluated as having no indication for surgery, those who were effective in chemoradiotherapy continued to receive chemotherapy in the original regimen; if the treatment failed, the chemotherapy regimen was replaced, and the efficacy was finally evaluated after six months [referring to the revised RECIST guidelines (version 1.1)].@*Results@#Three patients withdrew from this study, and 117 patients were enrolled in this study finally, including 59 cases in tattoo group and 58 cases in the non-tattoo group. There were no significant differences in baseline data between two groups (all P>0.05). All the patients had slight adverse reactions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy before operation, and could tolerate after symptomatic management without interruption of treatment. All the patients in the tattoo group had no discomfort such as fever, abdominal pain, abdominal distention, hematochezia, etc. and the intestinal mucosa could be seen clearly with black staining after being tattooed. A total of 77 patients were evaluated with surgical indications, including 39 cases in the tattoo group (tattoo-operable) and 38 cases in the non-tattoo group (non-tattoo-operatable). There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). Forty patients without operation indications continued chemoradiotherapy, including 20 cases in tattoo group (tattoo-inoperable) and 20 cases in non-tattoo group (non-tattoo-inoperable), whose differences in baseline data between the two groups were not significant as well (all P>0.05). No obvious edema, necrosis or abscess were found in the tattooed segments and the black spots could be seen quickly and clearly on the serosa of rectum in tattoo-operable patients. As compared to non-tattoo group, tattoo group had significantly shorter lesion identification time [(3.4±1.4) minutes vs. (11.8±3.4) minutes, t=-14.07,P<0.001], shorter operation time [(155.7±44.5) minutes vs. (177.2±30.2) minutes, t=-2.48,P=0.015], less blood loss [(101.3±36.7) ml vs.(120.2±38.2) ml, t=-2.22,P=0.029], shorter distance from lesion to distal margin [(3.7±1.0) cm vs. (4.6±1.7) cm, t=-2.20, P=0.034], while tattoo group had slightly higher rate of anal sphincter preservation [66.7%(16/24) vs. 45.5%(10/22), χ2=2.10,P=0.234] and lower rate of first positive resection margin [0 vs. 4.5%(1/22), χ2=0.62,P=0.480], but their differences were not significant. There were no significant differences in the degree of tumor differentiation and TNM stage between two groups. Patients without operative indication were evaluated for efficacy of chemoradiotherapy again after half a year. One case of complete response (CR), 8 of partial response (PR), 10 of stable disease (SD) and 1 of progressive disease (PD) were found and the improvement rate was 45.0% (9/20) in tattoo-inoperable patients. No case of CR, 6 of PR, 11 of SD and 3 of PD were found and the improvement rate was 30.0% (6/20) in non-tattoo-inoperable patients. There was no significant difference in the improvement rate between the two groups (P=0.514).@*Conclusions@#Endoscopic tattooing with carbon nanoparticles injection is safe and reliable for colorectal tumor positioning. It can assist rapid detection of lesions during surgery after neoadjuvant treatment, perform accurate resection, significantly shorten the operation time and reduce surgical trauma; can assist colonoscopy accurately to measure the size of the lesions before and after chemoradiotherapy, and increase the means of assessing the efficacy to guide the follow-up treatment plan. This technique is worth clinical promotion and application.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793318

ABSTRACT

Objective Analyze the correlation of depression between the childhood abuse behavior and adulthood cyberbullying behavior, so as to discuss and provide evidences for preventing the cyberbullying behavior of college students. Methods A total of 4 040 college students were surveyed after multistage stratified cluster random sampling from 6 universities in Shanxi Province of China by using childhood trauma questionnaire, self-rating depression scale and cyberbullying scale. Results In the three dimensions of cyberbullying, cyber-verbal bullying behavior, identity concealing behavior and cyber-forgery fraud behavior, male students and only child students scored higher than that of female students and non-only child students (all P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between childhood abuse, adult depression and cyberbullying (all P<0.001). The mediation effect results showed that depression symptoms of college students were mediating between childhood abuse experience and cyberbullying behavior (the mediation effect result was 0.090, P<0.001), the mediation effect contributed 12.16% to the total effect, the mediation model fitting index were 2/df=39.96,RMSEA=0.101,CFI=0.948,TLI=0.924,SRMR=0.043. Conclusions Childhood abuse experience and adulthood depression are closely related to the implementation of cyberbullying behavior in college, and depression plays part of mediating role in predicting the implementation of cyberbullying behavior in college students who has childhood abuse experience.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793310

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Chinese pregnant women and the distributions of unhealthy lifestyles. Exploring the association between these behaviors and GDM to provide some suggestions to GDM prevention. Methods Women who were enrolled by the Chinese Pregnant Women Cohort Study and delivered before the 31st December, 2018 were enrolled by this study. The characters of physical activity, sedentary lifestyle, tobacco exposure, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet and low sleep level were assessed by questionnaire and also the pregnancy complications. Binary Logistic regression model was adopted to analyzed the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. Results A total of 3 162 women were enrolled in this study and 372 of them were diagnosed GDM. Single variable analysis showed that lack of leisure time physical activity (RR=1.015,95% CI=1.005-1.279,P=0.046) and low sleep quality (RR=1.019, 95% CI: 1.004-1.196,P=0.047) were two risk factors of GDM. Compared with women who showed none of these unhealthy lifestyle, those who showed all six unhealthy behaviors had higher risk of GDM (RR=1.530, 95% CI: 1.263-8.880,P=0.036). Conclusions The incidence of GDM among Chinese women was 11.76%. Lack of physical activity and poor sleep quality could increase the risk of GDM and the cluster of unhealthy lifestyles is associated with higher GDM risk. Adequate physical activity, no smoking and drinking, balanced diet and other healthy behaviors are important to GDM prevention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878863

ABSTRACT

Fucoidan(FPS) is an effective component of the Chinese patent medicine named Haikun Shenxi, which treats schronic renal failure in clinics, and has the potential anti-aging effects. However, it is still unclear whether FPS can improve renal aging, especially the molecular mechanism of its anti-aging. The human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells(HK-2) in vitro were divided into normal group(N), D-gal model group(D), low dose of FPS group(L-FPS), high dose of FPS group(H-FPS) and vitamin E group(VE), and treated by the different measures, respectively. More specifically, the HK-2 cells in each group were separately treated by 1 mL of 1% fetal bovine serum(FBS) or D-galactose(D-gal, 75 mmol·L~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+FPS(25 μg·mL~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+FPS(50 μg·mL~(-1)) or D-gal(75 mmol·L~(-1))+VE(50 μg·mL~(-1)). After the treatment for 24 h, firstly, the effects of D-gal on senescence-associated β-galactosidase(SA-β-gal) staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression le-vels, as well as adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase(AMPK)-uncoordinated 51-like kinase 1(ULK1) signaling pathway activation in the HK-2 cells were detected, respectively. Secondly, the effects of FPS and VE on SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal were investigated, respectively. Finally, the effects of FPS and VE on microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3(LC3) protein expression level and AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal were examined severally. The results indicated that, for the HK-2 cells, the dose of 75 mmol·L~(-1) D-gal could induce the changes of SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels. That is causing cells aging. FPS and VE could both ameliorate the changes of SA-β-gal staining characteristics and klotho, P53 and P21 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal. That is anti-cells aging, here, the functions of FPS and VE are similar. D-gal could not only induce cell aging but also increase LC3Ⅱ, phosphorylated-AMPK(p-AMPK) and phosphorylated-ULK1(p-ULK1) protein expressions, and activate autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway. FPS and VE could both improve the changes of LC3Ⅱ, p-AMPK and p-ULK1 protein expression levels in the HK-2 cells exposed to D-gal. That is inhibiting autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation. On the whole, for the human proximal renal tubular epithelial cells aging models induced by D-gal, FPS similar to VE, can ameliorate renal cells aging by possibly inhibiting autophagy-related AMPK-ULK1 signaling pathway activation. This finding provides the preliminary pharmacologic evidences for FPS protecting against renal aging.


Subject(s)
Aging , Autophagy , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Polysaccharides , Signal Transduction
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878860

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to construct a Bayesian(BN) fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation based on the failure model and effect analysis(FMEA), effectively control risk factors and ensure the quality of granules.Firstly, the risk ana-lysis of dry granulation process was carried out with FMEA, and the selected medium and high risk factors were taken as node variables to establish corresponding BN network with causality.According to the mathematical reasoning method of probability theory, the model was accurately inferred and verified by Netica, and the granule nonconformance was used as the evidence for reversed reasoning to determine the most likely cause of the failure that affected the granule quality.The BN fault diagnosis model of traditional Chinese medicine dry gra-nulation was established based on the medium and high risk factors of process, prescription and equipment screened out by FMEA, such as roller pressure, raw material viscosity, clearance between rollers in the paper.The fault diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine dry granulation process was then carried out according to the model, and the posterior probability of each node under the premise of nonconforming granule quality was obtained.This method could provide strong support for operators to quickly eliminate faults and make decisions, so as to improve the efficiency and accuracy for fault diagnosis and prediction, with innovation in its application.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Probability
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878843

ABSTRACT

To observe the multi-targeted therapeutic effects of Huangkui Capsules(HKC)on insulin resistance(IR)and urine microalbumin in the early diabetic kidney disease(DKD)patients. The case data from the 83 DKD patients at G2 and A2 stage were collected respectively and analyzed retrospectively. According to the different treatment,all patients were divided into the control(A)group(40 cases)and the treated(B)group(43 cases). Among them,the A group patients were received "routine basic treatment";the B group patients were received "routine basic treatment+HKC". For the 2 group patients,firstly,the baseline parameters before receiving the treatment were compared respectively,and then,the changes of the total scores of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes and the indicators of IR,urine protein,renal function,blood lipids and safety after receiving the treatment for 8 weeks were compared,respectively. Furthermore,for the all patients,the correlation analysis between IR and urine protein or IR and the total scores of TCM syndromes was carried out,respectively. The results showed that,for the B group patients received "routine basic treatment",their total scores of TCM syndromes,urine protein indicators including urine microalbumin(micro-UAlb) and urine microalbumin/urinary creatinine(UACR),IR indicators including fasting serum insulin(FIN)and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance(HOMA-IR)were significantly improved,respectively. For the all DKD patients,before and after the treatment,the main IR indicators(FIN and HOMA-IR)were positively correlated with urine protein indicators(micro-UAlb and UACR). The main IR indicators(FIN and HOMA-IR) were also positively correlated with the total scores of TCM syndromes. In addition,2 treatments had no significant effects on renal function,blood lipids and safety indicators in the all DKD patients. Overall, "routine basic treatment+HKC" can ameliorate IR and reduce urine microalbumin in the early DKD patients. Its therapeutic targets may be not only proteinuria,but also IR,which is the upstream risk factor of proteinuria.


Subject(s)
Albuminuria , Capsules , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Nephropathies , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Kidney , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficiency of heart rate (HR) and heart rate difference (HRD) at different time points during head-up tilt test (HUTT) in the diagnosis of postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) in children and adolescents.@*METHODS@#A total of 217 children and adolescents, aged 6-16 years, who were diagnosed with POTS were enrolled as the POTS group, and 73 healthy children and adolescents, matched for sex and age, were enrolled as the control group. The POTS group was further divided into ≤12 years old group with 127 children/adolescents and >12 years old group with 90 children/adolescents. The two groups were compared in terms of HR at baseline and at 5 and 10 minutes of HUTT (HR0, HR5, and HR10 respectively), difference between HR5/HR10 and HR0 (HRD5 and HRD10 respectively). The efficiency of HR5, HR10, HRD5 and HRD10 in the diagnosis of POTS was assessed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the POTS group had significant increases in HR5, HR10, HRD5, and HRD10 (P12 years old subgroup (P<0.05), while the coincidence rate of HRD for the diagnosis of POTS was higher in the ≤12 years old subgroup (P<0.05). The combination of HR5, HR10, HRD5, and HRD10 for the diagnosis of POTS had a greater area under the curve (0.974; 95%CI: 0.949-0.989) than HR5, HR10, HRD5, or HRD10 alone, with a sensitivity of 87.80% and a specificity of 95.83%. The diagnostic efficacy of HRD for POTS was higher than that of HR (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HR and HRD at different time points during HUTT have a good value in the diagnosis of POTS in children and adolescents, and the accuracy of diagnosis varies with age and gender.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Pressure , Child , Female , Heart Rate , Humans , Male , Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome , Tilt-Table Test
18.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 284-292, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827865

ABSTRACT

The features of myocardial strains from speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) have not been well defined in fulminant myocarditis (FM) patients. In this study, changes in the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and global and layer-specific myocardial strains over time were monitored. We aimed to determine the echocardiographic patterns of FM and ascertain their significance in FM treatment. Twenty patients who were clinically diagnosed with FM and received mechanical life support were prospectively enrolled. Conventional echocardiographic measurements were obtained, and serial strain echocardiography was performed from admission to hospital discharge until LVEF recovery (> 50%). Global/regional peak systolic longitudinal strains (GLS/RLS) and layer-specific longitudinal strains were quantified, and their changes with time were monitored in 14 FM patients. All patients had severely impaired cardiac function. Steep improvement in LVEF and GLS were observed within 6 days. Layer-specific strain analysis showed that reduction at admission or recovery at discharge in the endocardium and epicardium strains were equal. In conclusion, FM patients who received mechanical circulatory supports exhibited steep improvement in ventricular function within 6 days. The patchy and diffused distribution pattern of reduced RLS and equally and severely impaired strain in the endocardium and epicardium are valuable features in the diagnosis of FM.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1203-1210, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Dysuria is one of the main symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause, which causes serious disruption to the normal life of peri-menopausal women. Studies have shown that it is related to decrease of detrusor contractile function, but the exact mechanism is still poorly understood. Previous results have suggested that the sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) pathway can regulate detrusor contraction, and this pathway is affected by estrogen in various tissues. However, how estrogen affects this pathway in the detrusor has not been investigated. In this study, we detected changes of the S1P/RhoA/Rho associated kinases (ROCK)/myosin light chain (MLC) pathway in the detrusor of ovariectomized rats in order to explore the underlying mechanism of dysuria during peri-menopause.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into SHAM (sham operation), OVX (ovariectomy), and E groups (ovariectomy + estrogen), with 12 rats in each group. We obtained bladder detrusor tissues from each group and examined the mRNA and protein levels of the major components of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. We also quantified the content of S1P in the detrusor using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, we compared results between the groups with one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#The components of the S1P pathway and the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway of the OVX group were significantly decreased, as compared with SHAM group. The percent decreases of the components in the S1P pathway were as follows: sphingosine kinase 1 (mRNA: 39%, protein: 45%) (both P  0.05). The percent decreases of the components in the RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway were as follows: ROCK2 (protein: 41%, mRNA: 36%) (both P  0.05). In addition, all of the above-mentioned decreases could be reversed after estrogen supplementation (E group vs. SHAM group) (all P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we confirmed that ovariectomy is closely associated with the down-regulation of the S1P/RhoA/ROCK/MLC pathway in the rat detrusor, which may be one mechanism of dysuria caused by decreased contractile function of the female detrusor during peri-menopause.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1397-1403, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827600

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Intensive therapy with disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) has been reported to improve the outcomes of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, real-world study on the effect of intensive therapy on RA sustained remission is still lacking. This study aimed to investigate the outcome of sustained intensive DMARD therapy (SUIT) for RA in a real-world 5-year consecutive cohort.@*METHODS@#Based on a consecutive cohort of 610 out-patients with RA, remission of RA was assessed in 541 patients from 2012 to 2017, by dividing into SUIT, non-SUIT, and intermittent SUIT (Int-SUIT) groups. Changes in the disease activity scores were evaluated by 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR), 28-joint disease activity score based on C-reactive protein (DAS28-CRP), and clinical deep remission criteria (CliDR). Cumulative remission rates between different groups were compared using Kaplan-Meier curves and predictive factors of sustained remission were identified by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#The remission rates of the SUIT group decreased from 12.0% (65/541) to 5.6% (20/359) based on DAS28-ESR, from 14.0% (76/541) to 7.2% (26/359) based on DAS28-CRP, and from 8.5% (46/541) to 3.1% (11/359) based on CliDR, respectively, with a gradually decreasing trend during the 5 years. The SUIT regimen led to a significantly higher cumulative remission rate than non-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 19.5%, P = 0.001), DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 19.6%, P = 0.001), and CliDR (24.5% vs. 8.7%, P = 0.001). The cumulative remission rates of patients treated with SUIT regimen were significantly higher than those treated with Int-SUIT regimen based on DAS28-ESR (39.7% vs. 25.7%, P = 0.043) and CliDR (24.5% vs. 14.2%, P = 0.047), but there was no significant difference between the two groups based on DAS28-CRP (42.0% vs. 27.4%, P = 0.066). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the use of SUIT regimen was an independent favorable predictor according to different remission definitions (for DAS28-ESR: odds ratio [OR], 2.215, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.271-3.861, P = 0.005; for DAS28-CRP: OR, 1.520, 95% CI: 1.345-1.783, P = 0.002; for CliDR: OR, 1.525, 95% CI: 1.314-1.875, P = 0.013).@*CONCLUSION@#Sustained intensive treatment of RA is an optimal strategy in daily practice and will lead to an increased remission rate.

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