Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 29
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 394-399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report a rare case of renal injury secondary to Strongyloides stercoralis infection, and investigate common pathological subtypes, pathogenesis and differential diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis infection-associated renal injury combined with literature. Methods:The pathological features of renal biopsy were analyzed by immunofloruscence, light microscope and electronic microscope. The pathological changes of digestive tract and pathogen morphology were observed through endoscope and digestive tract biopsy. The correlation between clinical-pathological features and pathological changes of kidney and digestive tract was analized.Results:The 26-year-old male patient presented with nephrotic syndrome. The pathological changes of renal biopsy were consistent with minimal change disease with interstitial focal eosinophil infiltration. Laboratory examination showed that the patient had unexplained eosinophilia and increased IgE level. Hence the patient was treated with glucocorticoid. After 2 months of therapy, proteinuria decreased and turned to negative while the patient developed progressive headache, gastrointestinal bleeding and progressive decrease of hemoglobin. Emergency gastroscopy showed extensive congestion and erosion of the stomach and duodenum. Gastric mucosal biopsy showed a large number of slender "s" shape larvae in the mucosa. The patient also had bilateral lung infection, positive Escherichia coli in cerebrospinal fluid and purplish skin rash around the umbilicus. A serious infection of Strongyloides stercoralis was diagnosed. After antibiotics and anthelmintic treatment, gastrointestinal symptoms and headache disappeared, and no parasite was found in endoscopy. No recurrence of nephrotic syndrome was found during 2 years of follow-up. Conclusions:Strongyloides stercoralis infection might first present with nephrotic syndrome with handful hints of digestive tract combined with eosinophilia and increased IgE levels. Therefore, in epidemic areas or patients with suspicious exposure history, it is necessary to exclude Strongyloides stercoralis infection before immunosuppressive therapy to avoid fatal complications.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 844-850, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report a rare case of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) complicated with chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy, combined with literature review, and discuss the clinical, imaging and pathological characteristics of the disease and the diagnosis and treatment ideas.Methods:The patient's clinical data, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and kidney pathological examination results, treatment measures and effects were collected and reported. Through systematic review of relevant literature, the clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of chronic tubular interstitial nephropathy complicated by PNH were summarized and discussed.Results:In this case, PNH was diagnosed for more than 30 years, the peripheral blood PNH clone was positive, urine specific gravity was 1.012, urine pH 6.0-7.0, urine protein (+), urine sugar (3+), serum creatinine 259 μmol/L, serum lactic acid dehydrogenase 800 U/L. MRI showed bilateral renal cortical signal was low intensity on both T1- and T2- weighted images. Kidney biopsy revealed remarkable chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy with massive hemosiderin deposition in proximal tubular cells demonstrated by Prussian blue staining and electron microscopy. By using low-dose prednisone to control hemolytic attack and other supportive treatments, the patient's renal function has been stabilized for a long time.Conclusions:PNH complicated with chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis is easy to be misdiagnosed due to insidious onset. MRI and kidney histopathological examination are helpful to clarify the diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment are helpful to improve the prognosis of such patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 737-743, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiology, clinicopathological changes and genetic variation characteristics of familial juvenile hyperuricemia nephropathy (FJHN) through pedigree investigation and gene test conducted on a patient with FJHN.Methods:Clinical data of the proband family members were collected, routine pathological examination of the proband kidney tissue was conducted, and the expression of the Uromodulin (UMOD) protein in the proband kidney tissue was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Peripheral blood specimens of proband and their relatives were collected, and gene sequencing analysis related to urinary system diseases including UMOD was performed by double-stranded DNA probe gene capture and high-throughput sequencing. Results:Seven family members in the family were involved and the inheritance method was consistent with autosomal dominant inheritance. Among the seven affected individuals only a 3-year-old child didn't show any clinical abnormalities. All of the remaining six patients had hyperuricemia accompanied with renal dysfunction and three of them were end-stage renal disease and two of them died of uremia. Proband renal pathological results showed chronic tubulointerstitial lesions and focal glomerular sclerosis with no obvious deposition of immune complexes. Immunofluorescent staining showed that strong positive signals of UMOD protein accumulated in the tubular epithelial cells, which was very specific and could be used to differentiate FJHN from other interstial nephritis. A total of four patients including the proband were tested and all had found heterozygous mutation c.377G>A of UMOD gene, a new missense mutation located on exon 3. Conclusion:Involved patients in this family present a typical autosomal dominant inheritance pattern, clinically manifested as hyperuricemia with early renal function impairment, renal pathology manifested as non-immune complex-mediated glomerular sclerosis and renal interstitial fibrosis, and there is abnormal accumulation of UMOD protein in renal tubular epithelial cells. Genetic testing shows a new gene locus mutation c.377G>A, confirming the diagnosis of FJHN. Patients with unexplained hyperuricemia and characteristic pathological changes should undergo renal tissue fluorescent staining of UMOD protein, which may be a simple and feasible method to detect the abnormality of UMOD protein.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis and treatment of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) post-kidney transplantation in children.Methods:Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 6 FSGS children after transplantation from 2015 to 2019. Massive proteinuria (3.2-13 g/24 h) occurred at 4 days-49 days post-transplantation. For proteinuria, glucocorticoid plus therapeutic plasma exchange and/or rituximab were provided with supplemental ACEI/ARB drugs. Five cases received tacrolimus as maintenance therapy while another case had cyclosporin A as an initial intensive therapy and switched to tacrolimus.Results:Four cases achieved complete remission after therapy. One recipient showed partial remission. During a follow up period of 11 months to 4 years, serum creatinine remained normal and stable in five cases while one died from severe pulmonary infection.Conclusions:Once FSGS occurs post-transplantation, prompt treatment of pulse glucocorticoid plus therapeutic plasma exchange and/or rituximab with supplemental ACEI/ARB drugs may yield favorable outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870545

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in the differential diagnosis of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN) in renal transplantation recipients.Methods:From 2014 to 2018, a total of 172 renal transplant recipients were recruited. Their peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected. According to the pathological puncture results of transplanted kidney, they were divided into acute rejection group (AR, n=68), BKVN group ( n=73) and stable graft function group (STA, n=31). The proportion and absolute number of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group were measured by flow cytometry and the proportion and absolute count of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets in each group compared. Results:The proportion and absolute number of CD19 + B cells were markedly lower in BKVN group than those in AR group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 13.2%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.202×10 9/L) and STA group ( P=0.005, 0.003; 8.5% vs 14.8%, 0.094×10 9/L vs 0.198×10 9/L); the proportion of CD3 + CD8 + T cells was significantly higher in BKVN group than that in AR group ( P=0.013; 36.9% vs 31.2%). In addition, no obvious difference existed in the proportion and absolute number of lymphocytes, CD3 + T, CD3 + CD4 + T and CD16 + CD56 + natural killer (NK) among three groups ( P>0.05). No obvious difference existed in the proportion of CD3 + CD4 + / CD3 + CD8 + T cells among three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:No difference exists in T cell-related lymphocyte subsets between BKVN and acute rejection recipients. However, the number and proportion of CD19 + B cells decrease markedly in BKVN.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of shear wave elastography imaging(SWE) in the diagnosis of renal allograft fibrosis and analyze its advantages and limitations.Methods:The renal allograft of 61 patients who underwent renal allograft biopsy from June 2019 to April 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were included in this study. According to the Banff classification, there were 51 patients with mild-degree fibration(interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy, IFTA 0-Ⅰ), and 29 patients with moderate or severe-degree fibration(IFTA Ⅱ-Ⅲ). Two-dimensional ultrasound, color Doppler flow imaging, SWE and kidney function test performed. All the results were compared between the two groups. Diagnostic performance was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve using pathology as gold standard. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated for the diagnosis of moderate or severe-degree fibration.Results:Compared to mild-degree fibration group, creatinine( P<0.001), glomerular filtration rate( P<0.001), RI of arcuate arteries( P=0.022) and SWE value( P<0.001) significantly increased in the moderate or severe-degree fibration group. There were significant correlations between IFTA and creatinine ( r s=0.488, P<0.001), glomerular filtration rate ( r s=-0.452, P<0.001), RI of arcuate arteries( r s=0.228, P=0.042), SWE value( r s=0.584, P<0.001). Taking the cutoff value of SWE value deduced by ROC curve as 21.7 kPa, the area under ROC curve was 0.827. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 86.2%, 74.5%, 61.0% and 89.7%, respectively. Conclusions:There is a good correlation between the SWE value and the degree of fibrosis in the transplanted kidney. SWE can be used to distinguish mild from moderate or severe fibrosis of renal allograft, providing a potential noninvasive method for the assessment of kidney allograft fibration.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 370-373, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755460

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical manifestations,imaging and pathological features and treatment prognosis of primary renal sarcoma in adults.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 48 patients with primary renal sarcoma from January 2009 to December 2018 in the first affiliated hospital and cancer center of Sun Yat-Sen university.There were 30 males and 18 females.Their aged ranged from 27 to 76 yrs with an average age of 50 yrs.A total of 24 patients presented with lumbar and abdominal pain.Abdominal mass was found in 2 cases.Gross hematuria was noticed in 4 cases.Febrile was recorded in 2 cases and 21 cases were diagnosed by physical examination.31 tumors located in the left kidney and 17 tumors located in the right kidney.The tumor diameter ranged from 3 to 16 cm with an average diameter of 8 cm.All patients underwent ultrasound or CT/MRI examination of the urinary system before surgery.The ultrasound showed the undistributed echo inside the tumor with the undistinguished border.The image of necrosis and liquefaction could be seen in some cases.The CT/MRI examination showed the lesion site with the necrosis,liquefaction or cystic changing.The mass exhibited the unregular enhancement with undistinguished border line.The mean diameter of liposcarcoma was 10.2 cm.CT scan demonstrated the relative low density of tumor,which was hard to be identified with AML.The average diameter of leiomyosarcoma was 6.5 cm.The enhanced CT scan showed the low density of tumor,compared with renal parenchyma.46 patients underwent radical nephrectomy,2 patients underwent renal tumor biopsy.And postoperative follow-up was performed.Results Pathological diagnosis revealed that 19 cases with liposarcoma,9 cases with leiomyosarcoma and 4 cases with synovial sarcoma,especially 4 cases with Ewing' s sarcoma and 12 cases with other sarcoma.36 cases were followed up and survived for 4 to 64 months.The average survival time was 28 months.The longest mean survival time was seen in patients with liposarcoma,which was 32 months (ranging 11 to 64 months).The mean survival time of synovial sarcoma group was 25 months (ranging 5-58 months).The mean survival time of Ewing's sarcoma group was 22 months(ranging 12-46 months).and the survival time of leiomyosarcoma group was the shortest 20 months (ranging 4-36 months).Conclusion Renal sarcoma is rare and highly malignant.It needs to be diagnosed with clinical manifestations,imaging and pathological data together.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 481-487, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711129

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinico-pathological features and renal outcomes of primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) with glomerular IgM deposition.Methods Primary IgAN diagnosed with biopsy from January 2006 to December 2011 were recruited.Patients were divided into groups according to IgM deposition (Group A) and without IgM deposition (Group B).In addition,Group A was subdivided into two groups based on the position of IgM deposits as the mesangium (Group A1) and both mesangium and capillary wall (Group A2).Renal outcomes were defined as end stage renal disease (ESRD) and/or the doubling of baseline serum creatinine.Clinico-pathological features were retrospectively compared.Kaplan-Meier was conducted for renal outcomes,and Cox regression model was used to analyze the prognostic value of IgM deposition and the position of IgM deposition in the progression of nephropathy in IgAN patients.Results 939 patients were enrolled with 422 (44.9%) having IgM deposition (Group A).Of the 422 patients,382 patients were divided as Group A 1,whereas 40 patients were noted as Group A2.Compared to Group B,hemoglobin,serum protein,albumin and serum IgG levels in group A were significantly lower,and the cholesterol and serum IgM levels were significantly higher (all P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in serum creatinine,estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),urinary protein,blood pressure and uric acid between group A and B.In terms of pathological manifestations,patients in Group A exhibited more severe histological lesions including glomerular sclerosis,S1,M1 and interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration (all P<0.05).Immunofluorescence showed that the proportion of IgG,C1q and Fg deposition in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (all P < 0.05).By Kaplan-Meier,cumulative renal survival rate has no significant difference between Group A and B (Log-rank test x2=0.019,P=0.891).Univariate and muhivariable Cox regression analysis showed that IgM deposition had no significant effect on the renal progression in IgAN patients.Subgroup analysis showed that patients in Group A2 exhibited higher urine protein,creatinine and blood pressure,and lower eGFR and serum albumin,also had worse histological lesions including M1,E1 and T1-2 of Oxford classification (all P<0.05),Immunofluorescencc showed that the proportion of IgG,C1q and Fg deposition in group A2 was significantly higher than that in group A1 (all P < 0.05).By Kaplan-Meier,renal survival rates calculated from outcomes were lower in Group A2 (Log-rank test x2=1 8.207,P < 0.001).In addition,IgM deposited both in the mesangium and capillary wall was a risk factor for renal progression of IgAN patients with IgM deposition by a univariate Cox hazards regression mode and multivariable-adjusted Cox models (HR=3.621,95%CI 1.924-6.814,P< 0.001;HR=2.309,95%CI 1.176-4.533,P=0.015respectively).Conclusions The IgAN patients with IgM deposition relatively had more severe clinicopathological changes,especially those with IgM deposited both in the mesangium and capillary wall.In this study,IgM deposition was not found to be an independent risk factor for the prognosis of kidney in IgAN patients.However,IgM deposited both in the mesangium and capillary wall was an independent risk factor for renal prognosis in IgAN patients with IgM deposition.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 24-29, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711084

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve clinicians’ understanding of post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after renal transplantation,a rare case of this disease was reported and literature was reviewed.Method The clinical data and pathological changes of the allograft,immunohistochenmistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH) were analyzed.In addition,the relevant literature was reviewed.The clinicopathological features and differential diagnoses of PTLD were discussed.Result A renal mass (5.6 cm × 5.4 cm),which was suggestive of primary renal malignancy,had been detected on the patient after received renal transplantation for a year and a half.Grossly,the mass was 7cm in diameter,with fleshy texture.Microscopically,the renal parenchyma was destructed and infiltrated with massive inflammatory cells,mostly lymphoid cells and occasionally Reed-Steruberg-like cells.IHC showed CD20 and CD79a were predominantly expressed in lymphoid cells.ISH showed diffused Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNAs (EBERs) positivity.The above findings were consistent with PTLD,polymorphic B cell hyperplasia (polymorphic PTLD),with concurrent EpsteinBarr virus infection.Conclusion Lymphoid infiltration in a renal allograft needs to be differentiated from T-cell rejection,viral infection,nephropyelitis,as well as PTLD.Early detection and proper management of PTLD may help improve the graft survival rate.

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2820-2822, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617344

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the economic data in the aspects of cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of neonatal congenital hypothyroidism(CH) screening in Foshan City and to make assessment on the effect of screening works.Methods The economic related data were collected by the screening center,literatures,official resources and questionnaire investigation.The statistical tool and Tree Age Pro health decision analysis software were used to conduct the assessment on the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of screening works.Results The screening program invested 17.95 million Yuan in total during 2000-2007,and the gain benefits was 117.69 million Yuan,net benefit was 9 975.52 ten thousand Yuan.The cost-benefit ratio was 1.00∶6.56.Each investing 3 216 Yuan could avoid a disability-adjusted life year.Conclusion The CH screening item has good economic applicability and is worth investing more funding for further promotion and popularization.

11.
Chinese Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 543-546,549, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606193

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the alteration of energy metabolism and oxidative injury in the myocardia suffering from lethal ventricular tachyarrhythmia (LVTA). Methods Two LVTA-SCD SD rat models, induced by aconitine injection or coronary artery ligation (CAL), respectively, were developed. Rats that died from over-anaesthesia or CAL-induced heart failure were served as their controls, respectively. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), reactive oxygen species (ROS), malonaldehyde (MDA), phosphocreatine (PCr) in the ventricular myocardia, and serum troponin I (cTnI) were detected, and compared between LVTA rats and their controls. Results Fourteen ACO-LVTA and six CAL-LVTA rats were successfully developed. As compared to their controls, ACO-LVTA and CAL-LVTA rats had higher ROS and MDA content, and lower concentration of PCr in the ventricular myocardia. MDA content in ACO-LVTA group is signiifcantly higher than that of its control (P<0.05). MMP in myocardia of ACO-LVTA is lower than that of its control, but is higher than those of two CAL groups. Serum cTnI in rats of both LVTA models is higher than those of their controls and pre-treated control. Specially, serum cTnI in CAL-LVTA was signiifcantly higher than that of ACO-LVTA and its control (P<0.01). The myocardial ROS content is correlated with the duration of VT and VF (P<0.05), with correlation coefifcients being 0.44 and 0.46, respectively. Conclusions After LVTA, the ventricular myocardia had lower MMP and PCr content, higher concentration of ROS, MDA, as well as higher serum cTnI than their controls, indicative of oxidative injury and alteration of energy metabolism under LVTA-SCD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515445

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize experience and prognosis of repeat renal transplantation after graft loss due to BK virus nephropathy (BKVN).Methods The clinical data of 4 adult patients undergoing repeat transplantation after previous allograft loss due to BKVN were collected and analyzed retrospectively.Results Three of four patients had documented allograft loss caused by BKVN and underwent retransplantation 5 months,9 months and 9 months respectively after hemodialysis with confirmed clearance of viremia.Allograft nephrectomy was performed on 1 of 3 patients 4 months before retransplantation.Maintenance immunosuppression was CsA + MMF + Pred,Tac + MMF + Pred and CsA + Pred in these 3 patients respectively.During the follow-up period of 9 months,5 months and 26 months,viremia kept negative and allografts function stabled normally without recurrence of BKVN.The cause of allograft loss was not illustrated in the other patient before retransplantation,which was performed without dialysis or allograft nephrectomy.BK virus was not monitored routinely after the operation.Four months later,his serum creatinine rose up to 400μmol/L and BKVN recurrence was proved by pathological analysis of the biopsy samples of the first and the second transplantation.Tac was switched to CsA and his serum creatinine declined to 260 μnol/L at 20th month.Conclusion Retransplantation can be performed on the patients with previous allograft loss due to BKVN.Allograft nephrectomy,clearance of viremia,monitoring BK virus and timely adjustment of immunosuppression were the keys to guarantee successful retransplantation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482917

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of hippocampal mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathways in the cognitive dysfunction after splenectomy in aged rats.Methods Sixtythree male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 18 months,weighing 400-540 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n=21 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),operation group (group O) and mTOR inhibitor rapamycin group (group M).Morris water maze test was performed to evaluate cognitive function before operation and at 1,3 and 7 days after operation.After the end of Morris water maze test carried out at 1,3 and 7 days after operation,7 rats selected randomly in each group were sacrificed,and the brains were removed for detection of the expression of mTOR and phosphorylated tau protein at Ser-396 site (pS396 tau) in hippocampal tissues by using Western blot.Results Compared with group C,the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the ratio of time spending in the target quadrant was decreased,and the expression of pS396 tau was up-regulated at 1 and 3 days after operation,and the expression of mTOR was up-regulated at each time points after operation in group O,and the escape latency was significantly prolonged,the ratio of time spending in the target quadrant was decreased,and the expression of mTOR and pS396 tau was up-regulated at 1 and 3 days after operation in group M.Compared with group O,the escape latency was significantly shorten,the ratio of time spending in the target quadrant was increased,and the expression of pS96 tau was down-regulated at 1 and 3 days after operation,and the expression of mTOR was down-regulated at each time point after operation in group M.Conclusion The hippocampal mTOR signaling pathways are involved in the development of cognitive dysfunction after splenectomy in aged rats.

14.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 44-45, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457427

ABSTRACT

Objective: To design a convenient and safe leg support of lithotomy position surgical bed. Methods:Put the gas spring in the device to lift and drop the leg support, instead of turning screw, And then use the new leg support in 80 lithotomy position surgeries. Results:The new device can be operated by one man, it is easy operating and labor saving. There was no leg slip occurred in 80 surgeries, operators all expressed satisfaction. Conclusion: This innovation patent solved the problem of toilsome operating and potential safety hazard, It worth widely use in the clinical.

15.
Modern Clinical Nursing ; (6): 40-42, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444871

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the curative effect of auricular point sticking on menstrual distending pains of breasts. Methods Sixty-two patients with hyperplasia of mammary glands were randomized evenly into experiment group and control group:the former were managed with auricular point sticking and the latter with oral administration of Xiaoyao Pills for three treatment courses, each menstrual cycle as a course.The two groups were compared in terms of menstrual distending pains of breasts.Results The experiment group was significantly better than the control group in terms relieves of pains as well as the curative effect after the trial (P<0.01 for both).Conclusions Auricular point sticking is effective in relieving the menstrual distending pains of breasts.It is simple for manipulation and thus worth clinical spreading.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 884-889, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428211

ABSTRACT

Objective To interpret the clinicopathological features and the key factors for diagnosis of polyomavirus-associated nephropathy (PVAN).Methods Clinicopathological data of 13casesof polyomavirus-associatednephropathyduring2008-2011inour hospitalwere retrospectively analyzed.Three cases received repeat biopsy.The clinicopathological features were analyzed according to thelight microscopicsceneandSV40-Timmunochemicalexpression.Results Recipients had a peak incidence of PVAN in 12 to 18 months period after renal transplantation,accompanied by elevated serum creatinine.Due to the progression of the disease,3patterns of histological findings could be identified.The early lesion was confined to the collected ducts,with slightly inflammatory infiltration in medullary interstitium,viral inclusions were not necessarily seen.The only findings could be enlarged nuclear and irregular arrangement of the tubular epithelial cells.At the developing stage,prominent tubulointerstitial nephritis was detected,and the involved tubules extended to other segments of renal tubule,even the parietal epithelial cells of Bowman's capsule could be compromised.The epithelial cells shed off,leading the tubular basement membrane exposed.Typical intra-nuclear inclusions as well as variable nuclear changes were found.At the end stage,the allograft showed notable chronic tubulointersititial change,with diffuse tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis.Although in this period,typical viral inclusions were rare, stillIHCshowedpositiveexpression of SV40-T. After immunosuppressantreductionor exchange,2 cases developed renal failure,4 cases showed sustained increment in serum creatinine,while 7 cases had a stabilized serum creatinine level.Conclusions Polyomavirus-associated nephropathy can display uneven pathological changes,as well as the morphology of the infected epithelial cells.Segments of the involved tubule are associated with the course of disease.Reduction of immunosuppressant at the early stage has a favorable effect.A prompt renal biopsy should be done in renal transplant recipient if who shows increased serum creatinine,and a routine polyomavirus immunohistochemical staining should be applied as well.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft in kidney transplantation recipients,and to analyze the relevant clinical conditions and prognosis of renal function.Methods 230 patients received renal allograft biopsy after renal transplantation.The pathological type and characteristics of renal allograft specimens were observed,and the serum creatinine (SCr) in the recipients with different pathological types were analyzed.The function of renal allograft in the recipients was followed-up after one year,and their prognosis was evaluated.Results In 10 cases of protocol biopsy,normal renal tissues were found in 9 cases,IgA nephropathy occurred at the 3rd month after transplantation.In 220 cases having impaired renal function,there were 33 cases of borderline change,45 cases of acute rejection (AR),24 cases of chronic rejection (CR),26 cases of chronic allograft nephrapathy (CAN),and 39 cases of posttransplantation glomerulonephritis (PTGN).Except for above 167 cases,lesions of 28 cases showed multiple pathology types.Furthermore,there were 8 cases of calcineurin inhibitor nephrotoxicity (CNI-NT),7 cases of BK virus nephropathy (BKVN),and 5 cases of acute tubular necrosis (ATN).Five cases could not be diagnosed for little tissue.In the recipients with pathological diagnosis of borderline change,AR,CR,CAN and nephritis,SCr levels were (171 ± 17),(259 ± 25),(343 ± 33),(406 ± 67) and (207 ± 26) respectively.There was significant difference in SCr levels of recipients among the above 5 groups (P<0.01).One year after biopsy,137 recipients (80.2%) were followed up.The dysfunction rate of renal allograft was 3.1%,18.2%,22.2 %,33.3% and 13.5% respectively.The △SCr was (-47 ± 20.7),(-37.3± 36.9),(25.5 ± 24.3),(13.5 ± 27.7) and (25.2 ± 17.1) μmol/L respectively.Conclusion Complex and diverse pathological changes were showed in renal allograft.Accurate diagnoses come from renal biopsy and clinical analysis may help clinicians select appropriate treatment programs to promote long-term graft survival.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386144

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical pathology features of light-chain amyloidosis associated renal disease,and investigate the survival influential factors. Method From January 1998 to March 2009,25 patients with light-chain amyloidosis associated renal disease were reviewed and followed up.Results Of the 25 patients with light-chain amyloidosis associated renal disease,median age was 57(37-69) years old and lamda light-chain predominated (88% ,22/25). Heavy proteinuria and nephrotic syndrome with peripheral edema were typical clinical presentations. Renal biopsy showed that amyloid deposition of light-chain amyloidosis associated renal disease involved the glomeruh mostly, with mesangial area widening. Median survival of all patients was 24.4 months after diagnosis. The estimated 1,2,3 year survival rate was (65 ± 10 )%, (46 ± 12 )% and (15 ± 12 )% respectively. There was significant difference in median survival between the two groups (24.7 months in the group of 14 patients with isolated kidney affected,16.4 months in the group of 11 patients with kidney and other organs involved,P = 0.03). By univariate analysis, kidney associated with other organs amyloidosis and renal dysfunction were relevant to prognosis (P < 0.05) and heart involvement was probably relevant (P = 0.06),whereas sex,age,plasma cell ratio,serum albumin level and hemoglobin level had no relation(P> 0.05 ). Multivariate analysis revealed that renal dysfunction at the time of diagnosis was a significant and independent prognostic factor for survival (P <0.05). Conclusions Renal dysfunction at the time of diagnosis is the best predictor of survival. The presence of amyloidosis in organs other than the kidney, such as advanced cardiac amyloidosis, predicts a poor survival.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 97-100, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381401

ABSTRACT

Objective To report a Chinese boy suffering from nephrotic syndrome associated with Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia (SIOD). Methods The clnical data and pathological changes of renal biopsy were analyzed and associated literatures were reviewed. The clinicopathological features and diagnosis of SIOD were discussed. Results The first symptom of the patient was recurrent infections. Growth retardation, spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia accompanied by nephrotic syndrome and defective cellular immunity were seen as clinical features in this patient. Renal pathology showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Conclusion Combining the clinical manifestation with renal pathology, the case is diagnosed as Schimke immuno-osseous dysplasia.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 356-362, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380875

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of Numb on tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in rat proximal epithelial cells. Methods NRK52E cells were treated with different concentrations of recombinant human transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) (0, 1, 5, 10, 15, 20 μg/L) for 48 h or 10 μg/L TGF-β1 for different times (0, 24, 48, 72 h) in vitro. The expressions of E-cadherin, a-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) and Numb in NRK 52E cells were detected by RT-PCR, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Meanwhile Numb siRNA oligo was transfected into NRK 52E cells with lipofectamine before TGF-β1 treatment, then Western blot was applied to detect the protein expression of E-cadherin, α-SMA and Numb in NRK52E cells. Results TGF-β1 could induce EMT in NRK52E cells in dose- and time-dependent manner. During the progress of TGF-β1-induced EMT, the protein expression of Numb in 5, 10, 15, 20 μg/L group was 1.33 folds (P=0.024), 1.39 folds (P=0.035), 1.45 folds (P=0.025), 1.51 folds (P=0.000) respectively as compared to 0 μg/L group. Likewise, the protein and mRNA expression of Numb in 24 h, 48 h, 72 h group was 1.48 folds (P=0.046) and 1.56 folds (P=0.012), 1.54 folds (P=0.011) and 1.82 folds (P=0.008), 1.79 folds (P=0.028) and 1.82 folds (P=0.002) respectively as compared to 0 h group. Moreover, large amount of Numb was accumulated in the cytoplasm. Down-regulation of Numb expression by siRNA transfection did not influence the basal expression of E-cadherin and α-SMA in NRK 52E cells, but attenuated the progression of EMT in NRK52E cells induced by TGF-β1. The up-regulation of α-SMA protein was reduced to 18.1% (P=0.004) while the down-regulation of E-cadherin protein was reversed to 2.19 folds (P=0.004). Conclusion Numb can promote EMT in rat proximal epithelial cells.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL