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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 135-148, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922460

ABSTRACT

Hyperaldosteronism is a common disease that is closely related to endocrine hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. Cytochrome P450 11B2 (CYP11B2), an important enzyme in aldosterone (ALD) synthesis, is a promising target for the treatment of hyperaldosteronism. However, selective inhibitors targeting CYP11B2 are still lacking due to the high similarity with CYP11B1. In this study, atractylenolide-I (AT-I) was found to significantly reduce the production of ALD but had no effect on cortisol synthesis, which is catalyzed by CYP11B1. Chemical biology studies revealed that due to the presence of Ala320, AT-I is selectively bound to the catalytic pocket of CYP11B2, and the C8/C9 double bond of AT-I can be epoxidized, which then undergoes nucleophilic addition with the sulfhydryl group of Cys450 in CYP11B2. The covalent binding of AT-I disrupts the interaction between heme and CYP11B2 and inactivates CYP11B2, leading to the suppression of ALD synthesis; AT-I shows a significant therapeutic effect for improving hyperaldosteronism.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 844-847, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912979

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) biliary stent implantation in patients with unresectable malignant biliary stricture (MBS) and the influencing factors of overall survival.Methods:The clinical data of 346 patients who underwent ERCP biliary stent implantation due to MBS from May 2013 to October 2016 in Xijing Digestive Disease Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University, Shanxi Bethune Hospital and Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University were retrospectively analyzed, and the efficacy, complications and risk factors affecting overall survival were also analyzed.Results:After ERCP biliary stent implantation, the levels of total bilirubin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, alkaline phosphatase and alanine aminotransferase were lower than those before surgery (all P < 0.01). The incidence of infection after operation was 14.7% (51/346), and the incidence of biliary infection was 13.0% (45/346). The incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) was 4.6% (16/346). The median survival time after ERCP was 131.0 d (70.3 d, 246.5 d). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the independent risk factors affecting the overall survival patients included the hilar bile duct stenosis ( HR = 1.85, 95% CI 1.44-2.38, P < 0.01), preoperative bilirubin level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 5 times ( HR = 1.75, 95% CI 1.30-2.36, P < 0.01), carbohydrate antigen 199 level exceeding the upper limit of normal level by 10 times ( HR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.00-1.61, P = 0.050), vascular and organ metastasis ( HR = 1.32, 95% CI 1.04-1.69, P = 0.023), and the poor jaundice decreasing level ( HR = 1.37, 95% CI 1.02-1.85, P = 0.037) . Conclusions:The ERCP biliary stent implantation is a safe and effective therapy for MBS. ERCP biliary stent implantation MBS patients with hilar bile duct stenosis, preoperative bilirubin levels more than 5 times of the upper limit of normal level, carbohydrate antigen 199 levels more than 10 times of the upper limit of normal level, vascular and organ metastasis, and poor jaundice decreasing level may have poor overall survival.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1178-1182, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathological characteristics and outcomes of elderly patients with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) accompanied by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:The diagnosis and treatment process of one elderly patient with CAP accompanied by COVID-19 who was admitted to COVID-19 Treatment Center of Liaoning Province on February 7, 2020 were reviewed. The experience of treatment by analyzing the characteristics of such type of patients during diagnosis and treatment were summarized.Results:A female patient, aged 79 years ald, was admitted to the Center with following features: fever, dry cough, fatigue with dyspnea, scattered moist rales in both lungs, oxygenation index (PaCO 2/FiO 2) of 95 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), and diffuse interstitial pneumonia in both lungs indicated by chest CT, of which the majority were ground glass-like and fibrous lesions. It was confirmed to be consistent with the feature of severe COVID-19 cases. The patient was successfully cured one month later following anti-inflammatory, anti-viral and high-flow oxygen therapies, homeostasis maintenance of the body, psychological counseling, etc. Accordingly, the treatment experience in CAP combined with COVID-19 in the elderly patients was summarized as follows. In respiratory system, the timing of high-flow oxygen therapy and mechanical ventilation should be seized. As for anti-inflammatory and antiviral therapy, attention should be paid to the treatment of CAP as well as antiviral therapy and symptomatic and supportive therapy. With the progression of the disease, the production of drug-resistant bacteria and the possibility of fungal infection should be paid attention to. For the circulatory system, we should pay attention to the stability of fluid volume and internal environment, and strengthen hemodynamic monitoring and bedside ultrasound to evaluate the cardiovascular capacity-load. In the aspect of the immune system, the selection of the application time of immune-enhancers and glucocorticoids should be paid attention to. In terms of enteral nutrition, early low-fat and high-protein diet is conducive to the recovery of intestinal function and the prevention of bacterial translocation. In addition to the protection of the function of important organs, therapies such as reasonable sedation and psychological intervention should also be used. Conclusions:Elderly patients with CAP accompanied by COVID-19 have complicated conditions and high degree of difficulty in treatment. Comprehensive evaluation of the disease as well as synthetic and effective intervention are the key factors of successful treatment of such patients.

4.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 359-362, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881806

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of integrated Chinese and Western medicine for the treatment of occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID). METHODS: A total of 80 ONID patients were selected and randomly divided into control group and treatment group by judgment sampling method,with 40 cases in each group. The control group received routine western medicine treatment using mecobalamin tablets,vitamin B complex,nerve growth factor and hyperbaric oxygen. The treatment group received routine western medicine as the control group,plus acupuncture,moxibustion and auricular point pressing. The patients in both groups were treated continuously for 30 days. The questionnaire of conscious,the selfconscious symptoms such as tinnitus,headache,dizziness and insomnia were recorded in these two groups before and after treatment. Pure tone audiometry was performed on the patients at the same time. RESULTS: After treatment,the binaural high frequency threshold average( BHFTA) and threshold of weighted value of the left and right ears in the treatment group were better than that in the same group before treatment( P < 0. 05). The difference of the BHFTA and threshold of weighted value of the right ear in the treatment group before and after treatment was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). After treatment,the symptoms of tinnitus,headache,dizziness and insomnia in the two groups were better than those in the same group before treatment. The total improvement rate of tinnitus and dizziness symptoms in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine for ONID can improve the hearing level of patients,effectively alleviate the accompanying self-conscious symptoms,and is suitable for promotion in clinical use.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 350-354, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753968

ABSTRACT

Objective To find the pathogenies and risk factors related to surgical intensive care unit (SICU) readmission for patients who underwent hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery, and to develop a predictive model for determining patients who are likely to be readmitted to SICU. Methods The patients who admitted to SICU of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to August 2018; who first stayed in SICU after hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery; who were assessed and discharged from SICU by surgeons and SICU physicians after treatment, and then transferred to SICU again because of the change of their condition were enrolled. The unintended return to SICU within 3 days and 7 days were recorded. Patients who returned to SICU within 7 days were studied for the pathogenies, risk factors and predictive model of returning to SICU, and non-returning patients were enrolled according to 1∶1 as the controls. A total of 43 indicators were divided into five categories, including general clinical data, medical history, surgical indicators before first admission of SICU, length of first SICU stay, and other indicators on the day of first discharge from the SICU. Logistic regression was used to screen the risk factors associated with SICU readmission, then the Nomogram diagram was drawn by using the R 3.4.1 software for predicting SICU readmission, and the classification performance of Nomogram was evaluated by self-help sampling test. Results Of the 763 patients discharged from the SICU, 2.10% (16/763) of them were readmitted within 3 days and 3.28% (25/763) were readmitted within 7 days to the SICU unexpectedly. The pathogenies of SICU readmission within 7 days included infection [56.00% (14/25)], heart failure [16.00% (4/25)], infarction [12.00% (3/25)], bleeding [12.00% (3/25)], and sutures splitting [4.00% (1/25)]. The pathogenies of SICU readmission within 3 days included infection [56.25% (9/16)], heart failure [18.75% (3/16)], infarction [12.50% (2/16)], and bleeding [12.50% (2/16)]. Nomogram analysis showed that the risk factors associated with unplanned SICU readmission were length of first SICU stay, history of hypertension, and activity of daily living (ADL) score, white blood cell count (WBC), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), prothrombin time (PT), fibrinogen (FIB) on the day of first SICU discharge. Self-help sampling test was carried out on the Nomogram map, and the results showed that the coherence index (C-index) was 0.962 [95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.869-1.057]. The classification performance of the model was good. Conclusions The common pathogenies of SICU readmission for patients who underwent hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery were infection, heart failure, infarction and bleeding. Risk factors of readmission after SICU discharge included the length of first SICU stay, history of hypertension, and ADL score, WBC, PaO2, PT, FIB on the day of first SICU discharge. The model consisted of above risk factors showed a good performance in predicting the probability of readmission after SICU discharge for patients who underwent hepatobiliary-pancreatic surgery.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 467-470, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of delayed pre-job occupational health examination on occupational health surveillance by analyzing the results of pre-job occupational health examinations in radiation exposed workers. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was used to select 1 385 radiation workers as the research subjects in Guangdong Province in 2016 at a pre-job occupational health examination. Workers who did not engage in radiation work were selected as control group. Workers who engaged in radiation work but did not take pre-job occupational health examinations were selected as observation group. The difference of the results of occupational health examination between the two groups was analyzed. RESULTS: The proportion of the observation group was 55. 8%(773/1 385). The abnormal rates of the white blood cell( WBC) count,“double + ring”rate and lens in the observation group were higher than those in the control group(9. 3% vs 5. 7%,6. 0% vs 3. 6%,6. 2% vs 3. 6%,P < 0. 05),respectively. The WBC count in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [(6. 1 ± 1. 5) × 10~9/L vs(6. 7 ± 1. 5) × 10~9/L,P < 0. 01]. The contents of the thyroid stimulating hormone and triiodothyronine in the observation group were higher than those in the control group[(1. 3 ± 0. 4) m U/L vs(1. 2 ± 0. 3) m U/L,(1. 8 ± 0. 4) nmol/L vs(1. 7 ± 0. 5) nmol/L,P < 0. 01]. The tetraiodothyronine level in the observation group was lower than that in the control group [( 110. 8 ± 22. 4) nmol/L vs(113. 8 ± 23. 2) nmol/L,P < 0. 05]. CONCLUSION: The delay of pre-job occupational health examination of radiation exposed workers affects the examination results and the accuracy of basic health records.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697100

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of complications simulated experience education on self-management behavior(medication adherence and blood pressure control and treatment attitudes and beliefs)in young patients with hypertension.Thus,tocontrol the risk factors,improve the quality of life and prevent the complication of the heart, brain and kidneys. Methods A total of 200 young patients aged 18 to 44 old with hypertension were selected according to the diagnostic criteria of Chinese guidelines for the management of hypertension from June 2016 to May 2017.Participants were randomly divided into intervention group and control group (100 cases in each group).In the control group conventional education was used one-to-one education mode.And the complication simulated experience model was used in the intervention group one-to-one education mode. The differences in medication adherences, blood pressure, treatment attitude and beliefs between the two groups of patients were compared before and one month after intervention. Results The were no differences of general situation, blood pressure and medication adherence and treatment attitudes and the score of beliefs between two groups before intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure were (132.67 ± 12.95) mmHg (1mmHg=0.133 kPa) and (83.21 ± 5.97) mmHg in the intervention group, which were lower than(137.87±13.97)mmHg and(89.68 ±6.12)mmHg in the control group(t=2.730,7.568,P<0.05).Medication adherence score was 7.15±0.75 in the intervention group,which was higher than 5.10± 1.89 in the control group (t=10.081, P<0.05). In the intervention group, after the intervention treatment, attitudes and beliefs score was 82.15±13.13,which was higher than 71.11±15.89 in the control group.(t=5.337, P<0.05). Conclusions The complications simulated experience education is superior to conventional health education, which can improve medication compliance, blood pressure control, and treatment attitude and belief level in young patients with hypertension.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608060

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the filtration roles of microporous membranes with different pore sizes in the tumor cells with different diameters,and effects on the filtered cells.Methods Three kinds of tumor cells with different cell diameters and same concentrations,including Jurkat,K562 and A549,were filtered by the polycarbonate microporous membranes with different pore sizes such as 1,3,5,8 and 10 μm,respectively,and their filtration rates were determined.The diameters of three kinds of tumor cells before and after filtration,and the fixed K562 cells with formaldehyde,were measured by an optical microscope.The activity of the filtered K562 cells were detected by the trypan blue staining.After the filtered K562 cells were re-cultured,their proliferation activity was analyzed by the growth curve.Results Jurkat,K562 and A549 cells couldn't pass the filter membrane with 1 μm of pore size.The filtration rates of three kinds of tumor cells passing the fliter membranes with 3 μm,5 μm,8 μm and 10 μm of pore sizes increased in turn.The survival rate of K562 cells filtered by 3 μm of pore size of membrane was 92.0%,and the proliferation acticity of re-cultured K562 cells was still strong.The filtration rate of the fixed K562 cells with formaldehyde was significantly decreased,and the average diameter of the filtered cells had no obvious change.Conclusion The living cells are able to pass the membranes with the pore sizes less than their diameters.The living cells passed the filter membranes may still maintain their growth and proliferation activity.However,the fixation of formaldehyde may significantly reduce the number of cells passed the membrane.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between alpha seine/threonine-protein kinase (p-Akt)-serine/ threonine-protein kinase (mTOR)-ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) signaling pathway and clinicopathological features or chemoresistance of ovarian cancer.Methods:We checked the p-Akt,mTOR and p70S6K protein levels in 18 tissues with chemoresistance or 25 with chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer by immunohistochemistry technique,and analyzed the relationship between those proteins and clinicopathological features or chemoresistance of ovarian cancer.Results:The levels of p-Akt protein in ovarian serous carcinoma,mucinous carcinoma and endometrioid carcinoma were 77.14%,50.00% and 66.67%,respectively,with no significant difference (P>0.05).The levels of these proteins in well-middle differentiated carcinoma and low differentiated carcinoma were 73.33% and 75.00%,respectively,with no significant difference (P>0.05).The levels of these proteins in Ⅰ-Ⅱ stage carcinoma,and Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage carcinoma were 18.18% and 93.75%,respectively,with significant difference (P0.05).The levels of this protein in well-middle differentiated carcinoma and low differentiated carcinoma were 80.00% and 78.57%,respectively,with no significant difference (P>0.05).The levels of this protein in Ⅰ-Ⅱ stage carcinoma,and Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage carcinoma were 27.27% and 96.88%,respectively,with significant difference (P0.05).The levels of this protein in well-middle differentiated carcinoma and low differentiated carcinoma were 93.33% and 78.57%,respectively,with no significant difference (P>0.05).The levels of this protein in Ⅰ-Ⅱ stage carcinoma,and Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage carcinoma were 45.45% and 96.88%,respectively,with significant difference (P<0.05).The levels of p-Akt protein in tissue of chemoresistance and chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer were 88.89% and 64.00%,respectively,with significant difference (P<0.05).The levels of mTOR protein in tissue of chemoresistance and chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer were 94.44% and 68.00%,respectively,with significant difference (P<0.05).The levels of p70S6K protein in tissue of chemoresistance and chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer were 100.00% and 72.00%,respectively,with significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion:The p-Akt-mTOR-p70S6K signaling pathway may take part in invasion and metastasis of ovarian cancer.The up-regulation of these proteins may be associated with the chemoresistance of ovarian cancer,and these proteins may have potential to be the prognostic markers for the chemoresistance of ovarian cancer.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 318-321, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881615

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the growth arrest and DNA damage gene 45( GADD45) mRNA expression in peripheral blood of radiation workers,and its relationship with exposure dose. METHODS: Using a typical sampling method,97 radiation workers from a hospital of Guangdong were selected as radiation group,48 hospital administrative staff without exposure to radiation and other occupational hazard factors were selected as control group. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect GADD45 mRNA expression of two groups. With the use of thermoluminescence dosimetry,we detected and collected personal dose data of radiation group over the past year. RESULTS: The GADD45 mRNA relative expression of the radiation group was higher than that of the control group( P < 0. 01).There was no correlation between GADD45 mRNA relative expression and factors such as personal dose,sex,age,length of service,smoking,and alcohol drinking( P > 0. 05). CONCLUSION: The ionizing radiation can lead to up-regulation of GADD45 mRNA expression in peripheral blood of radiation workers,but there was no linear relationship between GADD45 mRNA expression and its personal dose.

11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 485-490, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808838

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the efficacy and safety of Cardi-O-fix patent foramen ovale (PFO) occluder and Amplatzer PFO occluder for the treatment of patients with PFO.@*Methods@#A total of 246 consecutive patients (105 males and 141 females) with PFO were prospectively enrolled from May 30, 2013 to March 30, 2015 in our hospital. PFO interventional closure was applied according to the anatomical structure of the disease and patients′ wishes.Cardi-O-fix PFO occluder was used in 180 cases (COF group), Amplatzer PFO occluder was used in the remaining 66 cases (Amp group). Post-procedure safety including recurrent stroke, transient ischemic attack, death, and complete closure rate, and efficacy including procedure related complications of different devices were compared during the 12 months follow-up.@*Results@#(1) Rate of transient ischemic attack was similar between COF group and Amp group at 12 months after procedure(1.1%(2/180) vs. 1.5%(1/66), P=1.000). There was no recurrent stroke and death during the 12 months follow-up period.Complete closure rate was similar between COF group and Amp group at 12 months after the procedure(90.6%(163/180)vs. 86.4%(57/66), P=0.355). (2) Three cases(1.7%) of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation were observed in COF group during the 12 months follow-up period, 1 patient converted spontaneously to sinus rhythm and 2 patients received successful pharmacologic conversion and converted to sinus rhythm. One patient(1.5%)developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and was pharmacologically converted to sinus rhythm in the Amp group. There was no significant difference in rate of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation between the two groups(P=1.000). There was no complications such as occluder translocation, erosion, pericardial effusion and puncture site bleeding in the 2 groups during the 12 months follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Efficacy and safety are similar for PFO treatment with Cardi-O-fix PFO occluder or Amplatzer PFO occluder in this patient cohort.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 216-219, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514620

ABSTRACT

Microglia are functionally principal immune effector cells widely spread in the central nervous system ( CNS) and physiological play a role in monitoring and stabilizing the internal environment. Very sensitive to external stimulation, microglia are eas-ily activated by slight pathological changes in the CNS. The activated microglia, on the one hand, phagocytize cellular debris and ex-crete growth factors to promote nerve repair and, on the other hand, also produce some inflammatory cytokines, glutamate, and nitric oxide, which may aggravate the inflammatory response and lead to secondary injury. This article summarizes the characteristics of mi-croglia and their involvement in CNS diseases and provides a new target for their treatment.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512011

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of abdominal breathing training on sleep disorders in elderly patients with chronic heart failure. Methods Total of 100 patients with chronic heart failure complain of sleeping disorders and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI)>7 points were assigned into two groups by random digits table method, 50 cases in each group. The observation group and the control group were nursed in the same way except that abdominal breathing was adapted to the observation group. Sleep status, heart rate, blood pressure, SpO2 and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were evaluated before training, one week and eight weeks after training respectively. Statistics was used to analyze the differences between two groups. Results After training one week, the sleep status of the observation group was ameliorated, but without significant difference compared to the control group (P>0.05). And after training eight weeks, the PSQI, BNP and heart rate were (9.21 ± 6.38) points, (193.78 ± 152.16) μg/L, (63.5 ± 10.8) times/min in the observation group, and (12.92 ± 0.33) points, (417.55 ± 262.47) μg/L, (70.7 ± 8.5) times/min in the control group, and there was significant differences between 2 groups (t=3.627, 2.041, 2.767, all P 0.05). Conclusions Abdominal breathing training could ameliorate sleep status in elderly patients with chronic heart failure.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507260

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the basic perceptions, attitudes and needs towards delirium among ICU professionals in Shandong province, so that to help the ICU supervisors design target training for ICU professionals. Methods A survey was employed utilizing a self-designed questionnaire among 917 ICU professionals(doctors and nurses) from 62 hospitals in Shandong province. Results The score of ICU professionals′ basic perception and behavioral attitude concerning ICU delirium were (24.56 ± 6.36) and (19.00 ± 3.01) points respectively. The score had significant positive correlation and indicates statistic significance (r=0.53, P<0.01). Academic, work experience and title had influence on the score of basic perception (F=14.49, 26.25, 40.16, P<0.05), work experience, category of ICU, title and category of hospital were the effect on the score of behavior and attitude (F=11.87, 8.64, 6.55, P<0.05;t=4.81, P<0.05). The lower rate of correct responding to knowledge of ICU delirium were as follows:the correct rate of delirium in ICU of typing to 56.92%(522/917); the clinical manifestations of ICU delirium accuracy 65.32%(599/917); andrisk factors for delirium in ICU of the correct rate for 70.34%(645/917).ICU professionals acquire knowledge pertaining delirium mainly through lectures, conferences, knowledge brochure , exchange of experience. Conclusions The ICU professionals in Shandong province have less knowledge on ICU delirjum.ICU management should recognize the importance of ICU delirium to strengthen the training of relevant knowledge, enhance delirium management, ensure the patient's safety and improve the prognosis of patients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323718

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the difference between acupuncture and estazolam on arousal state in patients of primary insomnia, and to explore its nerve electrophysiology mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-four patients of primary insomnia were randomized into an acupuncture group (32 cases) and a medication group (32 cases). After 3 patients were excluded, 31 cases in the acupuncture group and 30 cases in the medication group were included. Patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Anmian (Extra), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zhaohai (KI 6), Shenmai (BL 62) as main acupoints, combined with supporting acupoints, once a day, five times per week, continuously for 4 weeks. Patients in the medication group were treated with oral administration of estazolam, once a day, continuously for 4 weeks. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and mean sleep latency (MSL) of multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were compared before and after treatment in the two groups; the polysomnography (PSG) was applied to monitor the indices regarding sleep structure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared before treatment, PSQI score was reduced after treatment in the two groups (both<0.01), which was more significant in the acupuncture group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, sleep onset latency (SOL), number of awakenings (NWAK) and wake after sleep onset (WASO) were reduced, while total sleep time (TST) and sleep efficiency (SE) were significantly increased in the two groups after treatment (all<0.01). Compared before treatment, the percentage of non-rapid eye movement period 1/2/3 (N1, N2, N3) and the percentage of rapid eye movement period (REM) to TST were not significantly changed after treatment in the medication group (all>0.05). Compared before treatment, the percentage of N1, N2 to TST was reduced, while the percentage of N3 and REM to TST was increased after treatment in the acupuncture group (<0.01). The SOL, NWAK, WASO, TST, SE were not statistically changed after treatment in each group (all>0.05). Compared with the medication group, the percentage of N1 and N2 was reduced while that of N3 and REM was increased after treatment in the acupuncture group (all<0.01). After treatment, MSL of MSLT were obviously decreased in the two groups (both<0.01), which were more significant in the acupuncture group (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Acupuncture can more effectively improve sleep quality of primary insomnia than estazolam, and is more beneficial for regulation of hyperarousal state.</p>

16.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1499-1499,1500, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604556

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate whether KCNE 2 participates in the development of pathological hypertrophy .METHODS:Bidirectional ma-nipulations of KCNE2 expression were performed by adenoviral overexpression of KCNE 2 or knockdown of KCNE2 with RNA interfer-ence in PE-induced neonatal rat ventricular myocytes .Then overexpression of KCNE 2 in mouse model of left ventricular hypertrophy in-duced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) by ultrasound microbubble-mediated gene transfer were used to detect the therapeutic function of KCNE2 in the development of hypertrophy .RESULTS:KCNE2 expression was significantly decreased in PE-induced hy-pertrophic cardiomyocytes and in hypertrophic hearts produced by TAC .Knockdown of KCNE2 in cardiomyocytes reproduced hypertro-phy, whereas overexpression of KCNE2 attenuated PE-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy .Knockdown of KCNE2 increased calcineurin activity and nuclear NFAT protein level , and pretreatment with nifedipine or FK 506 attenuated decreased KCNE 2-induced cardiomyo-cyte hypertrophy .Overexpression of KCNE 2 in heart by ultrasound microbubble-mediated gene transfer suppressed the development of hypertrophy and activation of calcineurin-NFAT and MAPK pathways in TAC mice .CONCLUSION:These findings demonstrate that cardiac KCNE2 expression is decreased and contributes to the development of hypertrophy via activation of calcineurin -NFAT and MAPK pathways .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496619

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a diagnostic model based on 18F-FDG PET/CT and clinical data and assess its diagnostic potency for characterizing SPN.Methods From November 2004 to May 2014,164 patients with SPN who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT scan were retrospectively analyzed.The patients'clinical factors (age,gender,history of smoking and history of malignancy),information on CT (diameter,location and spiculated edge of the lesion) and metabolic information on PET imaging were collected to establish a diagnostic model by using the binary logistic regression.Then,the optimal operating point (OOP)of the established model was set.The diagnostic potencies of the established model and PET were assessed by ROC curve.Results Malignancy was diagnosed in 104 of 164 SPN patients.The rest 60 patients had benign diseases.The factors of age,spiculation(0:no spiculation,1:obvious spiculation) and metabolic information(0:≤ mediastinal blood pool,1:>mediastinal blood pool) were demonstrated to be useful for the establishment of the model (x2 =5.486,16.240,33.855,all P<0.05).However,the factors of gender,history of smoking,the diameter and location of lesions showed no influence for the model (x2 =2.452,0.453,0.127,0.390,all P>0.05) and rejected from the model established.The history of malignancy was excluded from statistical analysis because there were only 2 patients with history of malignancy.The established model was as follows:P=1/(1+e-Z),z=-5.512+0.061xage+2.208xspiculation+3.767×metabolic increase.The ROC AUC of the established model and PET using two-point scoring scale (TPSS) for charactering SPN were 0.92(95% CI:0.87-0.96)and 0.80(95% CI:0.73-0.86).The model had higher diagnostic efficacy compared with TPSS (z=4.369,P<0.05).When P=0.796 7 was set as an OOP,the diagnostic sensitivities of the model and PET for charactering SPN were 91.3% (95/104) and 94.2% (98/104) respectively,and no significant difference was found between them (x2 =0.800,P>0.05).However,significant difference was found between the diagnostic specificities of them (80.0% (48/60) vs 65.0% (39/60);x2 =7.111,P<0.05).Conclusions A new diagnostic model for characterizing SPN based on the information from 18FFDG PET,thin-section CT and clinical data is successfully established.Its sensitivity for diagnosis of lung cancer is high,and its specificity is superior to PET using with TPSS.This model has a potential value for clinical application.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1499-1499, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496232

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the regulation mechanism for insufficient KChIP 2 expression induces Ito,f downregulation and arrhythmogene-sis in cardiac hypertrophy .METHODS:Bidirectional manipulations of MG 53 expression were performed by adenoviral overexpression of MG53 or knockdown of MG53 with RNA interference in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes with or without PE stimulation .Ito,f was re-corded with patch clamp in whole-cell mode 48 h after adenoviral transfection .Then the WT or MG53 knockout ( MG53 -/-) mouse model of left ventricular hypertrophy induced by transverse aortic constriction ( TAC) were used to detect the susceptibility to ventricu-lar arrhythmia.RESULTS: Here, we show muscle-specific MG53 regulates KChIP2 expression and Ito,f densities, where they are downregulated in hearts from MG53 knockout mice and MG53 knockdown rat cardiomyocytes , but upregulated in MG53 overexpressed cells.MG53 expression is decreased in phenylephrine ( PE)-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and restoration of MG 53 rescues PE-induced downregulation of KChIP2 and Ito,f.Furthermore, MG53 is decreased in a mouse model of hypertrophy induced by transverse aortic constriction and ablation of MG 53 increases the susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmia by exaggerating Ito,f remodeling.CON-CLUSION:These findings establish MG53 as a novel regulator of Ito,f and its central role in arrhythmogenesis in hypertrophy .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493517

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the anesthesia and analgesia effect of ultrasound guided inter-scalene brachial plexus block (ISPSP)on upper extremity surgery.Methods Fifty-four patients (male 34 cases,female 20 cases,aged 37-73 years,ASA grade Ⅰ or Ⅱ)scheduled for elective upper limb surgery under ISPBP combined with general anesthesia were randomly assigned into two groups:magnesium sulfate group (group M,n =27)and control group (group N,n =27).0.5% ropivacaine 8ml (40 mg)+10% magnesium sulfate 2 ml (0.5 g)were used in group M ,0.5% ropivacaine 8 ml+ normal saline 2ml (40 mg)were used in group N.After the effects of ISBPB were confirmed,pa-tients were inserted laryngeal mask under intravenous induction.Anesthesia was maintained by inha-ling sevoflurane(MAC 0.8)during the operation.The onset time of sensory and motor block,duration of sensory and motor block,duration of analgesia,pain visual analogue digital score (VAS)4,8,12, 24 hours after operationand complications were recorded.Results Duration of sensory block and du-ration of analgesia of group M was significantly longer than those of group N (P <0.05).The patient`s VAS score of 8,12,24 hours after surgery in group M was significantly lower than that on group N (P <0.05).Onset time of sensory and motory block of both groups was similar.Conclusion 0.5%ropivacaine combined with magnesium sulfate in ultrasound-guided ISPBP can extend the duration of sensory block,reduce postoperative pain,as well as prolong analgesia time.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 431-434, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491654

ABSTRACT

Activated microglia function after pathologic event has been extensively investigated .In recent decades , it has be-come evident that resting microglia cells are highly dynamic surveillants .Microglia could influence synaptic development and connectiv-ity in the normal and developing brain .Microglia dysfunction results in behavioral deficits , indicating that microglia are essential for normal brain function .Here we summarize the functions of microglia in the physiological conditions , its effects on neural development , the formation of synapses and the regulation of the human′s behavior .

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