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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide objective basis for the diagnosis on liver metastasis from lung cancer by analysing contrast-enhanced ultrasonography(CEUS) characteristics.Methods:In a reprospective study, CEUS was performed in 78 cases with liver metastasis from lung cancer in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2014 to March 2019. Patients were divided into three groups: the adenocarcinoma group( n=30), squamous cell carcinoma group ( n=20), and neuroendocrine neoplasm group( n=28). Conventional ultrasound and CEUS features were analyzed and the distinctions among the three groups were compared. Results:CEUS showed that 85.9%(67/78) of the liver metastasis from lung cancer with pattern of rapid wash-in and 89.7%(70/78) of rapid wash-out, so there was no statistical difference among the three groups( P>0.05). In the adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma group, 53.3%(16/30) and 55.0%(11/20) of cases were rim-like enhancement. And 71.4%(20/28) of the neuroendocrine neoplasm group with global enhancement that was different from the other groups(all P<0.05). At the peak of enhancement, most cases were hyperenhancement among the three groups, and the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). During the lesions of hyperenhancement, 73.7%(14/19) was global enhancement in the neuroendocrine neoplasm, compared to 75.0% (12/16) of the adenocarcinoma group and 72.7%(8/11) of the squamous cancer group with rim-like enhancement, which the differences was statistically significant(all P<0.05). At the peak of enhancement, 67.9%(19/28) lesions of the neuroendocrine neoplasm group were homogeneous enhancement, and only 21.4%(6/28) of the lesions was observed non-enhanced area, which was different from the other groups(all P<0.05). The times to iso-echogenity and hypo-echogenity were (33.2±7.6)s and (45.1±10.8)s respectively in the neuroendocrine neoplasm group, which were more than the other groups(all P<0.05). Capsule enhancement appeared in 32.1%(9/28) of the neuroendocrine neoplasm group in the delay phase, which was higher than 13.3%(4/30) of the adenocarcinoma group and 10.0%(2/20) of squamous cell carcinoma group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:CEUS can provide more diagnostic information for liver metastasis from lung cancer and may be a beneficial technique for differential diagnosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798018

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To provide a reference for differential diagnosis of orbit tumors in extraconal compartment by analyzing the parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).@*Methods@#A total of 76 patients with orbit tumors in extraconal compartment who underwent CEUS examination were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups depending on histological diagnosis including 27 cases with malignant tumor and 49 cases with benign tumor. CEUS images were analyzed using Sonoliver software. The time-intensity curve (TIC) and dynamic vascular pattern curve (DVPC) were acquired and the characteristics of the arterial flow infusion of these were analyzed. The related parameters such as time of arrival time(AT), rise time (RT), time to peak(TTP), mean transit time(mTT), slope of rise(K1), the absolute value for slope of down (K2) were also obtained. The differences of DVPC, TIC and quantitative parameters between the two groups were compared. Receiver operating curve analysis was used to acquire the cut-off values of these parameters for differential diagnosis.@*Results@#①TICs of the benign tumors were mainly fast rise and slow drop and DVPCs were mainly positive biphasic, while TICs of the malignant tumors were mainly fast rise and fast drop and DVPCs were mainly biphasic. ②The differences of quantitative parameters IMAX, K1, K2, mTT and RT of TICs were statistically significant between the two groups (P<0.05), while those of AT and TTP were not (P>0.05). ③IMAX=456.2%, K1=109.6, K2=35.2, RT=7.9 s, mTT=28.1 s were the best cut-off values for differential diagnosis. Among these parameters, mTT with 28.1 s had the highest diagnostic value(sensitivity: 81%, specificity: 77%).@*Conclusions@#The quantitative CEUS parameters can provide effective reference for differential diagnosis of orbit tumors in extraconal compartment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745150

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide objective basis for the diagnosis on nodules of prostatic inner gland by SonoLiver software with the dynamic vascular pattern ( DVP) and the parameters of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography( CEUS ) . Methods In a reprospective study ,CEUS was performed in 104 cases with nodules of prostatic inner gland that were divided into four groups including the benign prostatic hypertrophy(BPH) group ( n= 26) and prostate cancer( PCa) group ( n = 29) ,the others in high grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia( HGPIN , n =25) and low grade prostate intraepithelial neoplasia( LGPIN , n =24) that developed from BPH . The SonoLiver software was used to analyze the CEUS of nodules to get the DVP and parameters of CEUS . Results Among the four groups ,the prostate specific antigen ( PSA ) level and nodule maximal size were significant different( P <0 .05) . Rise time(RT) ,time to peak(TTP) and mean transit time(mTT) of PCa group were highest among the four groups ,while maximum intensity (IMAX) was the lowest . The differences of TTP ,IMAX among the four groups were statistically significant ( P < 0 .05) . In the PCa group ,44 .8% of nodules were warm-cold colour . The DVP type in HGPIN group was mainly only warm colour( 40 .0% ) ,but the difference of DVP between PCa and HGPIN group was not significant( P > 0 .05) . The nodules in BPH and LGPIN group mostly were cold-warm colour ,also as only cold colour( P >0 .05) . The difference of DVP among the four groups was significant ( P<0 .05) . Conclusions The application of SonoLiver software with DVP and parameters of CEUS is valuable to diagnose the nodules of prostatic inner gland .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791300

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a reference for differential diagnosis of orbit tumors in extraconal compartment by analyzing the parameters of contrast‐enhanced ultrasonography ( CEUS) . Methods A total of 76 patients with orbit tumors in extraconal compartment w ho underwent CEUS examination were retrospectively analyzed . T hese patients were divided into two groups depending on histological diagnosis including 27 cases with malignant tumor and 49 cases with benign tumor . CEUS images were analyzed using Sonoliver software . T he time‐intensity curve ( T IC ) and dynamic vascular pattern curve ( DVPC ) were acquired and the characteristics of the arterial flow infusion of these were analyzed . T he related parameters such as time of arrival time( AT ) ,rise time ( RT ) ,time to peak( T T P) ,mean transit time( mT T ) ,slope of rise( K1 ) ,the absolute value for slope of down ( K 2 ) were also obtained . T he differences of DVPC ,TIC and quantitative parameters between the two groups were compared . Receiver operating curve analysis was used to acquire the cut‐off values of these parameters for differential diagnosis . Results ① T ICs of the benign tumors were mainly fast rise and slow drop and DVPCs were mainly positive biphasic ,w hile T ICs of the malignant tumors were mainly fast rise and fast drop and DVPCs were mainly biphasic . ② T he differences of quantitative parameters IM AX ,K 1 ,K2 ,mT T and RT of T ICs were statistically significant between the two groups ( P <0 .05) ,w hile those of A T and T T P were not ( P > 0 .05 ) . ③ IM AX= 456 .2% ,K1 =109 .6 ,K2 =35 .2 ,RT=7 .9 s ,mT T=28 .1 s were the best cut‐off values for differential diagnosis . Among these parameters ,mT T with 28 .1 s had the highest diagnostic value ( sensitivity :81% ,specificity :77% ) . Conclusions The quantitative CEUS parameters can provide effective reference for differential diagnosis of orbit tumors in extraconal compartment .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663435

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide a reference for differential diagnosis of thyroid microcarcinoma classified as TI-RADS 3-4 grade using contrast-enhanced ultrasound.Methods SonoLiver software was used to analyze the process of contrast-enhanced ultrasound of 112 thyroid small nodules classified as TI-RADS 3-4 grade.The dynamic vascular pattern curve(DVPC)and the time-intensity curve(TIC)were automatically acquired for summarization of the types and characteristics of the two curves.The relevant parameters such as the rise time(RT),time to peak(TTP),maximum intensity(IMAX%),mean transit time(mTT),area under curve(AUC)and perfusion index(PI)were acquired and calculated using the software.Receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis was used to achieve the cut-off value of these parameters for differential diagnosis.Results For thyroid microcarcinoma which TI-RADS assessment of grade 3-4,TIC showed as slow rise and slow drop wave or slow rise and fast drop wave,DVPC showed negative waveform or negative-positive bi-directional waveform.ROC analysis demonstrated that IMAX of 96.5%,AUC of 443.08 and PI of 47.64 were the best cut-off values for the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant nodules.When IMAX<96.5%,AUC<443.08,PI<47.64,the nodules were highly likely to be thyroid microcarcinoma.Conclusions The contrast-enhanced ultrasound parameters can provide effective reference for the differential diagnosis of thyroid carcinoma with grade 3-4 in TI-RADS classification.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507814

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of two kinds of drainage operation including incision and drainage of abdominal operation and percutaneous puncture and drainage operation under ultrasound guidance on the short-term curative effect, mortality and complications risk in patients with single giant bacterial liver abscess. Methods Eighty patients with single giant bacterial liver abscess were selected, and all patients were treated with conventional therapy. Among them, 40 patients underwent incision and drainage of abdominal operation (control group), and 40 patients underwent percutaneous puncture and drainage operation under ultrasound guidance (observation group). The short-term curative effect, operation time, time of returning to normal body temperature, time of returning to normal white blood cell, hospitalization time, mortality and incidence of postoperative complication were compared between 2 groups. Results There were no statistical differences in total effective rate and mortality between control group and observation group: 92.5%(37/40) vs. 97.5%(39/40) and 5.0%(2/40) vs. 7.5%(3/40), P>0.05. The operation time, time of returning to normal body temperature, time of returning to normal white blood cell and hospitalization time in observation group were significantly lower than those in control group:(44.52 ± 5.68) min vs. (98.59 ± 12.70) min, (3.25 ± 0.74) d vs. (4.86 ± 1.32) d, (5.20 ± 1.35) d vs. (7.42 ± 1.79) d, (16.94 ± 3.61) d vs. (25.52 ± 5.28) d. The incidence of postoperative complication was significantly lower than that in control group:10.0%(4/40) vs. 27.5%(11/40), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05). Conclusions Two kinds of drainage operation in the treatment in patients with single giant bacterial liver abscess possesses the same clinical efficacy for short-and long-term curative effect; but percutaneous puncture and drainage operation under ultrasound guidance application can efficiently alleviate the clinical symptoms and signs, accelerate the recovery process of disease and be helpful to reduce the risk of postoperative complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-478841

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS ) compared to enhanced MRI scan in differential diagnosis of benign and malign tumor of orbit.Methods CEUS and enhanced MRI was performed in 74 patients with tumor of orbit.These patients were divided into two groups:benign and malignant tumor depended on histological diagnosis.The results were analysed with SonoLiver software.The coincidence rate of diagnosis and enhancement intensity among CEUS,MRI and CEUS+ MRI were compared and the quantitative parameters of CEUS were analysed.Results (1 )The diagnostic accordance rate of benign group by three methods were 90.0%,80.0% and 96.0% respectively, there was statistical difference for diagnostic coincidence rate between the MRI and CEUS+ MRI(P 0.05 ).(2 )The enhancement intensity of CEUS was different between benign and malignant groups (P 0.05).(3)The parameters of tumor imaging obtained time intensity curve(TIC):rise time (RT),half elution time and time to peaking (TTP)were significantly different between benign and malignant groups(P 0.05).Conclusions CEUS had higher diagnostic accuracy than MRI in benign orbital tumor.The contrast enhancement intensity and time-intensity curves provide valuable diagnostic information for differential diagnosis of benign and malignant orbital tumor.

8.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1051-1055, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491432

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the ability of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS)in differentiate reactive lymph node,metastatic lymph node and lymphoma.Methods In a prospective study CEUS was performed in 129 patients with cervical lymph node enlargement.The entire process were recorded and preserved in DICOM format.The results were registered with Sonoliver.The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve)analysis was performed to find the corresponding cutoff values. The selected node was removed surgically and submitted for histology.Results Of all the nodes,26 were reactive nodes,85 were metastases and 1 8 were lymphoma.Enhancement pattern was the most accurate way to characterize lymph nodes.The enhancement pattern of reactive lymph nodes was homogeneous and most of them were enhanced by lymphatic type while the metastatic lymph nodes were inhomogeneously enhanced or weakly enhanced by peripheral type.Lymph node lymphoma usually had no fixed enhancement pattern. Arrive time (AT),rise time (RT),time to peak (TTP),mean transit time (mTT),maximum intensity (IMAX),under the curve (AUC),rising slope(Kup),semi descending slope(Kdown)and perfusion index (PI)were significantly different in the three groups(P 0.05 ).When TTP≥ 7.74 s,mTT≥26.54 s,metastatic lymph nodes were considered.When RT≥4.62 s,TTP ≥ 7.74 s,mTT ≥ 28.32 s,reactive lymph nodes were not considered. Conclusions Dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound image and enhancement pattern can distinguish neck lymph nodes while the optimal cut-off point time of the time-intensity curve parameters can further contribute to the identification of lymph nodes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637649

ABSTRACT

Background Orbital tumor has complex histological types and it is difficult for clinical differential diagnosis.Therefore, it is badly in need of a new diagnostic technology to distinguish its benign and malignancy.Objective This study aimed to analyze and compare the characteristics of contrast ultrasound image between benign and malignant orbital neoplasms and evaluate the diagnostic value of contrast ultrasound to orbital tumor.Methods The clinical data of 24 patients with malignant orbital neoplasms and 51 patients with benign orbital neoplasms were retrospectively analyzed in Taihe Hospital of Hubei University of Medicine from September 2010 to September 2013.Contrast ultrasound examination was carried out on all the patients using MyLab Twice color ultrasonic device under the informed consent.SonoVue solution of 2.0 ml was intravenously injected and then the state and dynamic graphs of orbital tumors were collected.According to the classification of enhanced levels and patterns,the imaging features of orbital neoplasms were evaluated, and time-intensity curve (TIC) and dynamic vascular pattern (DVP) curve were obtained with SonoLiver software.The general ultrasonic signs and contrast ultrasonic characteristics between benign and malignant neoplasms were compared.Results Hyper-enhanced lesions were found in 62.5% (15/24) and 27.5% (14/51) ,and iso-intensity lesions were found in 20.8% (5/24) and 49.0%(25/51) in the malignant orbital neoplasm patients and benign ones, respectively, with a significant difference in enhanced types between them (x2 =26.40,P<0.01).Based on the enhanced mode, heterogeneity enhancement lesions were found in 75.0% (18/24) and 25.5% (13/51), and hemogeneity enhancement lesions were seen in 25.0%(6/24) and 47.1% (24/51) in the malignant orbital neoplasm patients and benign ones, respectively, showing a significant differnee between them (x2 =30.40, P < 0.01).The 58.3% patients showed rapid rising and sharp descending TIC curves,and 75.0% patients showed the biphasic wave DVP curves in the malignant lesions;while in the benign lesions,the TIC curves of 78.7% patients were quick lift and slow dessend, and the DVP curves of 74.5 %patients appeared to be positive phasic wave.These curve features were significantly different between the malignant lesions and benign ones (TIC:Z=-3.130,P=0.002;DVP:Z =-4.730,P =0.000).Conclusions Contrastultrasound examination shows that different tissue-derived orbital neoplasms have varied enhanced modes and types.Contrast-ultrasound examination is helpful for the differential diagnosis of orbital neoplasms.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 295-298, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348682

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate an outbreak of beta-hemolytic streptococcal tonsillitis in a hospital.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A case-control study was conducted with a self-made questionnaire to collect the risk factors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression model were used to explore the relationship between risk factors and morbidity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>74 cases were occurred during the outbreak with patients aged mainly between 20-30 and more females than males. Most cases appeared abrupt onset between Aug., 20-22. All the patients were hospital workers, with majority as nurses and doctors from the operating room, department of anesthesiology and surgical related departments (71.62%). All patients shared the same experience-eating lunch in the dining room on Aug 19(odds ratio 6.67, 95% confidence interval 1.92-23.23). Beta-hemolytic streptococci was observed from cultures of the throats from the patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The outbreak was an explosive epidemic of tonsillitis in a hospital, caused by beta-hemolytic streptococci. Food provided from the dining room attached to the operating theater on August, 19 seemed to be the risk factor.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cross Infection , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Health Personnel , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Streptococcal Infections , Epidemiology , Streptococcus pyogenes , Tonsillitis , Epidemiology , Microbiology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600106

ABSTRACT

Complement system is an important component of innate immunity and has been recognized as an effective means to inhibit tumor. However,in last decades,accumulating studies showed unexpected results that the complement components and their activation products could promote development of malignancies by secreting growth factors,activating signal pathway and promoting tumor angiogenesis. Herein,the relationship between the complement system and tumor is reviewed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTlVE To investigate the association between CYP3A5 genotypes and the early efficacy of tacrolimus ( Tac) and cyclosporin A ( CsA) in renal transplantation recipients, and provide a basis for individualized treatment. METHODS Seventy-four kidney transplantation recipients were en-rolled in this study between August 2012 and April 2013. Thirty-one patients were treated with the combi-nation of CsA, MMF and methylprednisolone while the rest were treated with Tac, MMF and methylpred-nisolone. The genotype CYP3A5 was detected by sequence specific primer-polymerase chain reaction ( SSP-PCR) before transplantation. The levels of Tac and CsA were detected by ELlSA and chemilumi-nescence, respectively, to monitor the blood concentration/dose of drugs ( c/D) at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months after transplantation. Simultaneously, the concentrations of blood glu-cose, creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid were determined with hexokinase method, creatininase method, urease method and uricolase method, respectively. RESULTS Among the 74 recipients, 9.5%carried CYP3A5?1/?1, 48.6%carried CYP3A5?1/?3 and 41.9%carried CYP3A5?3/?3. According to the phenotype of CYP3A5, the patients were divided into CYP3A5 expression group ( including CYP3A5?1/?1 and CYP3A5?1/?3) and non-expression group ( including CYP3A5?3/?3) , which accounted for 58.1%and 41.9%of the cases, respectively. Among the patients taking Tac, the median value of c/D at 2 weeks, 1 month, 2 months, 3 months and 6 months was 25.49, 49.64, 53.72, 51.9 and 44.5 in CYP3A5 expression group, and 65.48,100.84,99.54,123.01 and 133.21 in non-expression group. The c/D ratio of CYP3A5 non-expressers was higher than among CYP3A5 expressers at each time point ( P<0.05) . The initial dose of Tac 0.1 mg·kg-1 was high for CYP3A5 non-expressers, and the kidney function recovered more slowly than among CYP3A5 expressers and kidney damage occurred. However, there was no association between CYP3A5 genotype and the early efficacy of CsA. The levels of blood glucose, creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid were not significantly different between CYP3A5 expression and non-expression groups. CONCLUSlON CYP3A5 non-expression recipients whose starting amount of Tac was 0.1 mg·kg-1 have drug overdoses. CYP3A5 genotype is one of the factors affecting the efficacy of Tac. CYP3A5 genotype has no association with the efficacy of CsA in renal transplantation recipients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432091

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of dynamic vascular patterns(DVP) curve and parameter figure in the focal liver lesions by contrast-enhanced ultrasound(CEUS).Methods 83 cases of focal liver lesions diagnosed by pathologically or clinically that had undergone CEUS were analyzed by SonoLiver software.Then DVP parametric images were constructed and the time-intensity curve (TIC) parameters were calculated by TIC and DVP curve.Results Rise time(RT),time to peak(TTP),maximum intensity(IMAX),mean transit (mTT),slope of rise,and the absolute value for slope of half down between malignant and benign lesions groups indicated statistically significant difference (P <0.05).94.9% of type Ⅰ was malignant lesions and 100% Ⅳ type was benign lesions.The four types of DVP curve(Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,Ⅳ)in malignant and benign lesions were 72.5%,13.7%,13.7%,0 and 6.2%,43.8%,31.2%,18.8%,respectively.The proportion and characteristic of DVP parametric images and DVP curves in malignant and benign lesions groups were consistent.Conclusions DVP curve and parametric images of CEUS can demonstrate the difference of flow perfusion static between lesions area and surrounding liver parenchyma dynamically and directly.These are new qualitative indexes of the differential diagnosis in focal liver lesions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432072

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of ultrasound-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the differential diagnosis of orbital neoplasms by observing the perfusion characteristics of orbital benign and malignant neoplasms for the application of ultrasound contrast microbubbles.Methods Preoperative ultrasound imaging of 47 patients with orbital neoplasms(benign group 35 cases,malignant group 12 cases)were observed for the tumor characteristics of CEUS.The parameters of tumor imaging obtained time intensity curve (TIC) were obtained by quantitative analysis of SonoLiver analysis software,which were contrast agent arrive time (AT),rise time (RT),time to peak (TTP),mean transit time (mTT),area under the curve (AUC),maximum intensity(IMAX) and perfusion index (PI).Results Different characteristics of perfusion were shown between benign and malignant groups.Time parameters of TIC:rising slope,semidescending slope,IMAX,PI,mTT,semi-washed out time and RT were significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.05) while there was no significant difference of parameters as AT,TTP,AUC.Conclusions There is certain clinical value of the CEUS in the differential diagnosis of ocular benign and malignant neoplasms.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and mechanism of Cordyceps sinensis on transplant arteriosclerosis in a rat model Methods Brown Norway aortic allografts were transplanted into Lewis recipient rats,and the recipient rats were randomly divided into four groups:group A,isograft control group,Lewis-Lewis (n =10); group B,allograft control group,BN-Lewis (n =10); groups C and D,allograft experimental groups,BN-Lewis (n =10).Rats were given normal saline via intragastric injection,once every day for 60 days in groups A and group B,and received different doses (1.5 and 3 g·kg-1 ·d 1) of Cordyceps sinensis in groups C and group D respectively.Grafts were harvested on the day 60 after transplantation. Intimal thickness was detected by HE staining.Protein was extracted from the abdominal aortas for Western blotting.Cellular localization was assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry.The serum was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Transplanted arteries were normal in group A.Transplanted arteries in group A had allograft vasculopathy,and intimal thickness was significantly increased.Transplanted arteries in allograft experimental groups had endometritis changes,and intimal thickness was significantly decreased as compared with that in group B (P < 0.05).Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting revealed that the expression levels of VEGF and PDGF-BB proteins in group A were significantly higher than in group B,and those in groups C and D were significantly reduced as compared with group B (P<0.05).ELISA showed that serum VEGF and PDGF BB concentrations in group B were significantly increased as compared with group A (P<0.05).Serum VEGF and PDGF-BB concentrations were significantly reduced in groups C and D as compared with group B (P<0.05).Conclusion Cordyceps sinensis could significantly inhibit the intimal hyperplasia,and delayed transplant arteriosclerosis caused by chronic rejection,which may be related to the down-regulated expression of VEGF and PDGF-BB.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421806

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate application value of parametric image processing in contrastenhanced ultrasound imaging in diagnosis of ovarian masses. MethodsFifty cases with ovarian masses underwent routine ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging using a new dedicated parametric image processing software SonoLiver to analyze patterns of vascular formation and blood stream perfusion in the ovarian mass tissues on a digital video recorder in real time, compare their morphological characteristics of time-intensity curve (TIC) and dynamic vascular patterns (DVP) curve, and analyze quantitatively all indicators generated by SonoLiver.ResultsIn ultrasound imaging of the 50 cases, there were 24 cases (86%) displaying mainly blue lowly-enhanced imaging in those with benign masses and 15 cases (68%)displaying mainly red highly-enhanced imaging in those with malignant masses, with statistical significance (P <0. 01 ). There was significantly different characteristics of TIC and DVP between patients with benign and malignant masses. In 23 cases with benign masses, their DVP were significantly higher above the baseline than in those with malignant ones ( P = 0. 000), and in 15 cases with malignant lesions, their DVP were much shorter below the baseline than in those with benign ones, with statistical significance (P <0.05). The intensity of contrast medium, the time to reach its peak intensity and average transit time were all significantly higher in those with malignant masses than in those with benign ones (all P < 0. 05 ). But, no statistical difference in the time of initial increasing between the two groups was found (P > 0. 05). ConclusionsThere is significant difference in TIC and DVP of ultrasound imaging between benign and malignant masses, which if combined with contrast enhanced ultrasound parametric image processing can provide a more visualized quantitative information of benign and malignant ovarian masses with SonoLiver software.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421452

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of parametric imaging of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in retroperitoneal tumors using SonoLiver software. Methods Sixty cases of retroperitoneal tumors were analyzed by CEUS with SonoLiver software. The color-mapped images of timedependent indexes, such as rise time(RT), time to peak(TTP), mean transit time(mTT), were abserved in the regions of interests(ROIS). The degree of the coincidence between pathologic diagnosis and parametric imaging diagnosis was carefully study by comparing parametric images with histopathological findings.Results 1 ) There was statistical significance of RT, TTP and mTT between the benign and malignant retroperitoneal tumors. 2) The time-dependent parametric images were obvious different between benign lesions and malignant lesions. The malignant lesions enjoyed a confused boundary and distribute disorderly,while the benign tumors had a clear distribution. There was a good coincidence degree between pathologic diagnosis and parametric imaging diagnosis(κ =0. 625, P =0. 000). Sensibility, specificity, the rate of misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, the degree of accuracy respectively was 85.3 %, 76.9 %, 23.1 %, 14.7 %,81.7% by the new diagnosis method. Conclusions Parametric imaging is a very useful way of evaluating the level of blood flow with the tumors and provides a new vision in the diagnosis of retroperitoneal tumors. It demonstrates retroperitoneal tumors clearly and objectively.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391739

ABSTRACT

Seventy eight patients suspected of intrauterine adhesion (IUA) were scanned with two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) transvaginal uhrasonography, the results were analyzed with hysteroscopic findings as the gold standard. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography in diagnosis of IUA were 97% (58/60), 18/18, 97% (76/78), 100% (58/58) and 90% (18/20). Three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography was more accurate in diagnosis of IUA than two-dimensional ultrasonography ( P < 0. 01 ),and the IUA classification and grading with three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasonography was better correlated with hysteroscopic findings.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388501

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the blood perfusion modes of retroperitoneal benign and malignant masses by real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS). Methods Forty-five patients with retroperitoneal masses, including 18 benign and 27 malignant masses, were performed with CEUS. The perfusion of contrast agent, entering style and the vascular patterns of contrast agent were described. And the diagnosis value of perfusion characteristics was evaluated in retroperitoneal benign and malignant masses. Results The perfusion of CEUS showed significant differences in the entering style of contrast agent and the vascular patterns in malignant masses in comparison to benign masses. In the entering style of contrast agent, center enhancement of malignant masses was 70. 37% (19/27), periphery enhancement of benign masses was 72.22% (13/18) ,there was statistical significane in the result( P = 0.0069). To the vascular patterns level,there were 2 with level 0 and 11 with level 1 in benign group, 10 with level 2 and 9 with level 3 in malignant group, there was statistical significane between malignant group and benign group too( P=0.0206). Conclusions CEUS is benefit to improve the accuracy of diagnosis of retroperitonea malignant and benign masses.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of hydrodynamics-based injection with plasmids of IL-10, TGF-β1 and TGF-β1 + IL-10 in murine skin transplantation model. Methods Plasmids were constructed by inserting coding sequences of IL-10 and TGF-β1. In F1 mice (Balb/c×C57BL/6, H-2b/d) to Balb/c (H-2d) murine skin transplant model, 20 μg plasmid (blank or IL-10 or TGF-β1 or IL-10 + TGF-β1) was injected to donors by hydrodynamics-based method in first day and every interval 2 days for 6 times. The survival of grafts was observed after 7 days of transplantation. After C56BL/6 spleen cells transfused Balb/c accepted 5 times hydrodynamics-based injection as above,CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells of spleen were measured by FACS. Results The survival time of graft in each group was (13.50±1.04)days (blank group), (13.83±1.16)days (IL-10 group), (15.33±1.50) days (TGF-β1 group), and (21.33±3.20) days (IL-10 + TGF-β1 group),respectively (P<0.05). The percentage of CD4+ CD25+ cells was (6. 58±1.86)% (blank group),(10.52±1.13)% (IL-10 group),(14.44±0.42)% (TGF-β1 group),and (14.25±1.24)% (IL-10+TGF-β1 group) respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion Hydrodynamics-based transfection of IL-10 combined with TGF-β1 can synergistically enhance the percentage of CD4+ CD25+ T cells and prolong the graft survival.

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