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1.
J Biosci ; 2020 Feb; : 1-9
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214330

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major cause of clinical emergencies during and after surgical procedures.Propofol protects the heart from cardiovascular IR injury by inhibiting autophagy. MicroRNAs (miRNAs)participate in anesthetic-regulated cardiovascular injury. MiR-20b-5p targets unc-51-like autophagy activatingkinase 1 (ULK1). Its role in propofol-modulated cardiovascular IR injury remains unclear, however. In thisstudy, we used an in vitro model of hypoxia-reoxygenation (HR)-induced injury to human umbilical veinendothelial cells (HUVECs) to determine the protective effect of miR-20b-5p in cells preconditioned withpropofol. We found that miR-20b-5p was significantly higher and ULK1 was lower in propofol-preconditionedHUVECs with HR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. Additionally, miR-20b-5p overexpressionincreased cell viability and repressed autophagy and apoptosis more in propofol-preconditioned HUVECs withHR injury than in HUVECs with HR injury only. A luciferase reporter assay confirmed the target reactionbetween miR-20b-5p and ULK1. Overexpression of ULK1 restrained the protective effect of miR-20b-5p inpropofol-preconditioned HUVECs with HR injury. In conclusion, our results indicate that propofol inhibitsautophagic cell death via the miR-20b-5p-ULKI axis and that ULK1 may be a therapeutic target for cardiovascular IR injury

2.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 614-617, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691839

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and possible mechanisms of different modes of mild treadmill exercise on cognitive function in Alzheimer's disease(AD) APP transgenic mice.Methods Twenty-four 6-month-old APP+ mice were randomly and equally divided into the four groups:control group(Con),regular exercise group(RE),irregular time-of-day exercise group (ITE) and irregular different duration exercise group(IDDE).After treadmill exercise,the spatial cognitive ability was tested.Soluble and insoluble Aβ40,42 levels,activity of β-secretase and γ-secretase in hippocampal tissue were compared among 4 groups.The mRNA levels of NEP,IDE and MMP-9 in the hippocampal tissue were detected.The number of hippocampal survival neurons and protein levels of BDNF,TrkB and p-TrkB were detected.Results Compared with the control group,the spatial cognitive ability in the RE group was significantly increased(P<0.05),the levels of soluble and insoluble Aβ40,42 and activity of β-secretase and γ-secreatase were significantly reduced in the hippocampal tissue of th RE group(P< 0.05).However,the mRNA levels of NEP,IDE and MMP-9 had no statistically significant difference among the four groups(P>0.05).Compared with the control group,the number of survival neurons and protein levels of BDNF and p-TrkB in the hippocampal of the RE group tissue were significantly increased(P<0.05).The cognitive function,levels of Aβ40,42,BDNF and p-TrkB,number of survival neurons in the RE group had statistically significant differences when compared with the ITE and IDDE groups(P<0.05).Conclusion Mild and regular treadmill exercise can effectively increase the cognitive function of AD mice,which might be related with the regulation of BDNF/TrkB pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452851

ABSTRACT

To investigate the impact of maternal hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier state on twin pregnancy outcomes. Methods From January 2004 to December 2012, 569 women with twin pregnancy were hospitalized in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Thirty-two women positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)(negative for hepatitis B e antigen, with normal liver function before conception)were included in the HBsAg-positive group and the other 537 women were included in the HBsAg-negative group. The pregnancy outcomes of the two groups were compared by t test and Chi-square test. The risk factors for neonatal birth weight were analyzed by multivariate regression analysis. Results Compared with the HBsAg-negative group, the HBsAg-positive women had a higher incidence of abnormal liver function (alanine aminotransferase≥50 U/L) [18.8% (6/32) vs 5.8% (31/537), χ2=6.367, P=0.012]. The incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus was 21.9% (7/32) in the HBsAg-positive group, which was higher than in the HBsAg-negative group [11.6% (62/537)], although the difference was not significant (χ2=2.132, P=0.144). The incidences of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy, premature rupture of membranes, placenta previa, fetal distress, postpartum hemorrhage, preterm birth, caesarean section, umbilical cord around the neck, meconium-staining amniotic fluid and neonatal asphyxia were no statistical difference between two groups (all P<0.05, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis showed that gestational diabetes mellitus (β=67.869, 95%CI: 0.494-135.244, P=0.048), maternal age (β=6.592, 95%CI: 2.020-11.880, P=0.006) and gestational age (β=164.069, 95%CI:154.426-173.712, P<0.01) were risk factors for neonatal birth weight, but not the maternal HBsAg-positive status (β=78.864, 95%CI: -16.950-174.678, P=0.107). Conclusion Twin pregnancy and HBV carrier state increase the risk of abnormal liver function, but not other adverse pregnancy outcomes and newborn diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466750

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression levels of immune-related microRNA-146b (miR-146b),microRNA-155 (miR-155) and microRNA-30b(miR-30b) in human breast milk and its relationship with maternal and infant's health.Methods One hundred and thirty-four mothers and their infants from obstetrical department were recruited in the study after delivery.The subjects were divided into 2 groups,breast feeding group(n =86) and formula-feeding group(n =48),and were followed up 3 months after delivery.Breast milk samples were collected at 2-5 days after delivery(colostrum) and 3 months after delivery(mature milk).The expression levels of microRNAs in milk samples were detected by real-time PCR.The relationship between levels of microRNAs and maternal and infant-related factors was analyzed.Results 1.MiR-146b,miR-155 and miR-30b expressions were abundant both in human colostrums (5.950 ± 0.823,3.899 ± 0.920,4.057 ± 0.604) and mature milk (4.840 ± 0.805,2.128 ± 0.969,4.929 ± 0.566).The levels of miR-146b and miR-155 were higher in colostrum than that of mature milk (t =7.716,10.215,all P < 0.01),while the level of miR-30b was higher in mature milk than that of colostrums(t =-8.626,P < 0.0l).2.Additionally,the level of miR-30b was negatively correlated with maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (r =-0.298,P < 0.01).3.The levels of miR-146b and miR-30b were higher in mothers giving birth by vaginal delivery than those who underwent cesarean section(t =2.356,3.108,all P <0.05).4.The levels of miR-146b and miR-155 were higher in colostrum-fed girls than boys (t =-2.204,-2.985,all P < 0.05).5.The level of miR-146b in mature milk was negatively correlated with 3-month-old infant' s Z score of body weight (r =-0.425,P < 0.05) and body length (r =-0.569,P < 0.01).6.During follow-up,the incidence of baby eczema in breast feeding group (8.82%,3/34 cases) was lower than that in formula milk feeding group(29.17%,14/48 cases) (x2 =5.012,P =0.025).Conclusions The levels of immunocompetent microRNAs in human milk are influenced by the lactation period,maternal prepregnancy body mass index,mode of delivery and infant sex.The immune-related microRNAs in human milk could be involved in the regulation of infant's immunity and growth.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574268

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To observe the therapeutic effect of oral use of heat-clearing, damp-removing and toxicity-clearing herbal medicine combined with ultrasonic wave and herbal medicine mask treatment in treating acne simplex (AS). [Methods] Two hundred and ten cases of AS were randomized into groups A and B. Group A ( n=113) was treated with modified Yinchenhao Decoction and Qingfei Decoction for oral use and added with ultrasonic wave and mask prepared with herbal medicine including Borneolum Syntheticum, Flos Lonicerae, Radix Scutellariae, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Fructus Forsythiae; group B ( n=97) was treated with metronidazole 0.2 g, tid, and vitamin Bg 20mg, tid, as well as erythromycin ointment for external application. After a 4-week treatment, the therapeutic effect was compared. [Results] The total effective rale was 80.6% in group A and 41.3% in group B, and the markedly effective rate was 50.5% in group A and 28.9% in group B, the difference being significant (P

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-570965

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To observe the therapeutic effect of wind - dispelling, blood - activating and stasis - removing Chinese herbs combined with autoepidermic grafting for vitiligo. [Methods] Forty cases of vitiligo were randomized into two groups: 28 cases in Group A were treated with Chinese herbs combined with autoepidermic grafting (235 grafts in all) and 12 in Group B with autoepidermic grafting (118 grafts in all) alone. [Results] In Group A, 1 case was cured, 13 were markedly effective, 10 effective and 4 ineffective and 0, 3, 3, and 6 in Group B respectively. The therapeutic effect in Group A was superior to that in Group B (P = 0.034). [Conclusion] Chinese herbs combined with autoepidermic grafting has a better effect than autoepidermic grafting alone for vitiligo.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-569622

ABSTRACT

0.05 ),and the recurrence rate in Group Ⅲ was highest,the difference beingsiedcant as compared with Group Ⅰ(P

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