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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 329-333, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881905


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of clinical nursing pathway(CNP) on clinical nursing of patients with pneumoconiosis. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with pneumoconiosis were selected as the subjects by the judgment sampling method. The patients were divided into control group and observation group by random number table method, with 60 cases in each group. The patients in the control group were given routine treatment and nursing after admission, while the patients in the observation group were treated similarly to that of the control group plus CNP. The treatment of patients in both groups were carried out until they were discharged from hospital. General Self-Efficacy Scale, Medical Coping Style Questionnaire and Quality of Life Scale were used to measure the self-efficacy, coping style and of quality of life of these two groups before and after the implementation of CNP. RESULTS: Before the implementation of CNP, there was no significant difference in the scores of self-efficacy, three dimensions of coping style and four dimensions quality of life between the two groups(P>0.05). After the implementation of CNP, the scores of self-efficacy, face dimension and quality of life in the observation group were higher than those in the control group(P<0.01). The scores of surrender and avoidance dimensions decreased(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The implementation of CNP can improve the self-efficacy, coping style and quality of life of pneumoconiosis patients.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 342-346, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881705


OBJECTIVE: To explore the application effect of clinical nursing pathway( CNP) in nursing care on patients with occupational noise-induced deafness( ONID) under medical observation.METHODS: The patients with ONID under medical observation in hospital were randomly selected and divided into CNP group( 50 cases) and control group( 50 cases) by random number table method.The control group was given routine nursing care,and the CNP group was given CNP care according to the nursing path table.Self-Rating Anxiety Scale,Self-rating Depression Scale and SF-36 Scale were used to observe the anxiety, depression and quality of life of these two groups.The time and expenses of hospitalization,and degree of nursing satisfaction were also observed.RESULTS: Before nursing care implementation,the scores of anxiety,depression and 8 dimension of quality of life did not show statistical significance between these two groups( P > 0.05).After nursing care implementation,the improvement of anxiety,depression and quality of life in the CNP group were significantly better than that of the control group( P < 0.01).The patients in the CNP group had shorter duration of hospitalization( P < 0.01),decreased hospitalization expenses( P < 0.05),and increased nursing satisfaction( P < 0.01) compared with the control group.CONCLUSION: CNP implementation can effectively reduce the anxiety and depression symptoms of patient with ONID under medical observation during the diagnostic process of occupational diseases.It can reduce the time and costs of hospitalization,improve their quality of life and satisfaction of nursing care.CNP can be widely used in clinical practice.

China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 701-705, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881992


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of health education in the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with bronchoalveoar lavage( BAL) during perioperative period. METHODS: Ninety-six pneumoconiosis patients treated with BAL in hospital were divided into observation group and control group( 48 cases in each group). The patients in the control group were given routine perioperative health education, and the patients in the observation group implemented perioperative health education in accordance with the health education pathway. Adverse reactions in hospital were collected,and the awareness of perioperative health knowledge of BAL was surveyed. RESULTS: Before implement of the health education pathway,there was no difference( P > 0. 05) in the health knowledge between the 2 groups. After implementation of the health education pathway,the awareness of health knowledge of observation group and control group were higher than that of the same group before implementation of the health education pathway( P < 0. 01). The awareness of 15 items of health knowledge was higher( P < 0. 05) and the incidences of intraoperative cough and postoperative low fever were lower in the observation group than in the control group( 4. 2% vs 25. 0%,2. 1% vs 16. 7%,P < 0. 05).CONCLUSION: Executing effective healthy education pathway in perioperative BAL is helpful to improve the knowledge of disease prevention and control in pneumoconiosis patients,and reduce the occurrence of adverse reactions during BAL.