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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920742

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of four anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) by different manufacturers, so as to provide insights into the epidemiological investigation and clinical detection of cysticercosis. Methods Forty serum samples from cerebral cysticercosis patients, 100 serum samples from healthy volunteers, 30 serum samples from paragonimiasis skrjabini patients, 17 serum samples from cystic echinococcosis and 19 serum samples from subcutaneous or cerebral sparganosis patients were collected and detected using anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (brand A) and the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B). The sensitivity, specificity and false negative rate of the four kits for detection of cysticercosis were estimated. Results The anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits (brand A) showed 95.00% (38/40), 87.50% (35/40), 7.50% (3/40) sensitivities and 98.00% (98/100), 100.00% (100/100) and 100.00% (100/100) for detection of cysticercosis, while the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) presented a 75.00% (30/40) sensitivity and 100.00% (100/100) specificity for detection of cysticercosis. The sensitivity for detection of cysticercosis was significantly higher by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) than by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) (χ2 = 6.28, P < 0.05); however, no significant difference was seen in the specificity by two kits (χ2 = 2.01, P > 0.05). The four ELISA kits showed overall false positive rates of 37.88% (25/66), 22.73% (15/66), 62.12% (41/66) and 15.15% (10/66) for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 37.61, P < 0.05), and the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) presented the highest overall false positive rate for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 7.56, P’ < 0.008), while a higher overall false positive rate was seen for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) than by the anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand B) (χ2 = 8.75, P’ < 0.008). The four ELISA kits showed false positive rates of 40.00% (12/30), 16.67% (5/30), 76.67% (23/30) and 13.33% (4/30) for detection of paragonimiasis (χ2 = 32.88, P < 0.05) and 21.05% (4/19), 26.32% (5/19), 73.68% (14/19) and 15.79% (3/19) for detection of sparganosis (χ2 = 19.97, P < 0.05), and the highest false positive rates were found by the anti-cysticercus IgM antibody test kit (brand A) for detection of paragonimiasis and sparganosis (all P’ < 0.008). However, the four ELISA kits showed comparable false positive rates of 52.94% (9/17), 29.41% (5/17), 23.53% (4/17) and 17.65% (3/17) for detection of echinococcosis (χ2 = 8.24, P > 0.05). In addition, the anti-cysticercus IgM anti-body test kit (brand A) showed false positive rates of 76.67% (23/30), 23.53% (4/17) and 73.68% (14/19) for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis (χ2 = 14.537, P < 0.05), with the lowest false positive rate seen for detection of echinococcosis (χ2 = 14.537, P’ < 0.014), while no significant differences were seen in the false positive rate for detection of paragonimiasis, echinococcosis and sparganosis by other three ELISA kits (all P > 0.05). Conclusions The four anti-cysticercus IgG, IgG4 or IgM antibody test kits exhibit various efficiencies for serodiagnosis of cysticercosis. The anti-cysticercus IgG antibody test kit (brand A) has a high sensitivity for serodiagnosis of cysticercosis; however, it still needs to solve the problems of cross-reaction with other parasitic diseases and stability.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 480-484, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920436

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficiency of phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixation of intraocular lens(IOL)by using Yamane's technique in the treatment of acute secondary angle-closure(ASAC)caused by lens subluxation.<p>METHODS: Clinical data of 15 patients(15 eyes)with ASAC caused by lens subluxation who underwent phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixation of IOL by using Yamane's technique from June 2019 to December 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were followed for 3mo. The preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure(IOP), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), positions of the IOL and complications were observed. <p>RESULTS: All the operations were successfully completed. The postoperative IOPs were lower than preoperative IOPs. There were overall differences between preoperative and postoperative IOPs(F=165.57, P<0.001). Through further pairwise comparison, the IOPs at 1d, 1wk, 1, and 3mo after operation were significantly different from IOPs before operation(all P<0.001). The IOPs remained normal range at 1wk, 1, and 3mo after operation. The BCVA at 3mo after operation was significantly better than the preoperative BCVA(t=10.717, P<0.001). All IOLs were in the expected position without an obvious tilt or displacement. No serious complications occurred after the operation. <p>CONCLUSION: The surgical strategy of phacoemulsification combined with intrascleral fixation of IOL by using Yamane's technique in the treatment of ASAC caused by lens subluxation was safe and effective by lowing IOP, rescuing visual, maintaining stability of IOL and reducing complications.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913066

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in the awareness rate of Taenia solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals before and after training in Fangcheng County, a disease-elimination pilot area of Henan Province, so as to evaluate the effectiveness of the training. Methods Three townships in Fangcheng County were randomly selected as the study townships, including Dushu, Bowang and Yangji townships, while Erlangmiao, Yanglou and Xiaoshidian townships in the county were randomly selected as the control townships. The grassroots medical professionals in the study townships were given once training on T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge each year from 2016 to 2020, while those in the control townships were given no interventions. All village-level doctors and a part of township-level public health professionals were sampled from the study and control townships as intervention and control groups. The baseline and final assessments of the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge were performed using questionnaire survey in intervention and control groups in 2016 and 2020, and the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge was compared between the two groups. Results A total of 663 medical professionals were investigated in Fangcheng County from 2016 to 2020, including 474 participants in the intervention group and 189 participants in the control group. Results from the 2016 baseline survey showed that the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge was 28.83% (47/163) among grassroots medical professionals in Fangcheng County, and there were no significant differences in the awareness between the intervention (32.47%, 25/77) and control groups (25.58%, 22/86) (χ2 = 0.939, P > 0.05), between men (30.50%, 43/141) and women (18.18%, 4/22) (χ2 = 1.406, P > 0.05) or between village- (31.39%, 43/137) and township-level medical professionals (15.38%, 4/26) (χ2 = 2.727, P > 0.05), while significant differences were found in the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in terms of education levels (χ2 = 8.190, P < 0.05) and duration of working experiences (χ2 = 12.617, P < 0.05), and the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge increased with education levels among medical professionals (χ2 = 6.768, P < 0.05). Only 5.52% (9/163) of the medical professionals had a history of diagnosis and therapy of T. solium taeniasis or cysticercosis, and only 1.23% (2/163) received training on T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge during the past 5 years. Results from the 2020 questionnaire survey showed a higher awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in the intervention group (93.55%, 116/124) than in the control group (46.60%, 48/103) (χ2 = 61.845, P < 0.05), and no significant differences were seen in the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among medical professionals in terms of gender, level of medical professionals, duration of working experiences or history of diagnosis/therapy of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis in the intervention group (χ2 = 1.089, 0.140, 0.081 and 0.453, all P values > 0.05), while there was a significant difference in the awareness rate among medical professionals with different education levels (χ2 = 36.338, P < 0.05). In addition, the awareness rate of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge significantly increased among medical professionals with various chracteristics in 2020 than in 2016. Conclusions In the low-prevalence areas of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis, long-term and persistent training may improve the awareness of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis control knowledge among grassroots medical professionals, which facilitates the timely identification of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis and the establishment of a sensitive disease surveillance system.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908973

ABSTRACT

In this study, virtual reality technology is applied to the teaching of ART due to its characteristic of real-time interaction, and a virtual operation platform of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is developed in the scene of ART, which can be used for the practice and training of ICSI during teaching. By this virtual system we can overcome some kinds of teaching limitations brought by scarce experimental materials and expensive equipment, and it is suitable for multi-center and multi-region popularization and application for other ART laboratories.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of Kawasaki disease(KD)with complications of acute abdominal disease and to improve the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients.Methods:A total of 2 931 cases with KD hospitalized from January 2016 to December 2019 in our department were retrospectively analyzed, including 14 children with acute abdominal disease(acute abdomen group). And 62 patients with KD but without acute abdominal disease were randomly selected as the control group.The clinical characteristics, laboratory examination and treatment between two groups were compared and analyzed.Results:There were 8 males and 6 females.The average age of patients was(4.46±0.74) years.Compared with control group, there was no significant difference in age, sex and proportion of coronary artery injury in acute abdomen group( P>0.05). Acute abdominal disease group were more likely to have gastrointestinal symptoms, intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) resistance and longer fever duration( P<0.05). C-reactive protein(CRP), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), γ-glutamyltranspeptidase(GGT) and total bilirubin(TBIL) in acute abdominal disease group were significantly higher( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in white blood cell, erythroayte sedimentation rate, hemoglobin, platelet, Na + , albumin between two groups( P>0.05). All of the 14 patients used IVIG, 3 of them were treated with hormone(methylprednisolone)and 1 patient accepted infliximab.All patients were discharged from hospital.After follow-up for 6 months to 3 years, all patients had no sequelae of digestive system. Conclusion:KD can be complicated with acute abdominal disease, some of which as the first symptom.Gastrointestinal manifestations such as abdominal pain are common.For children with obvious gastrointestinal symptoms, IVIG resistance, and long duration of fever, attention should be paid to the possibility of acute abdominal disease.For children with significantly elevated CRP, ALT, AST, GGT, and TBIL should to be alert to the possibility of acute abdominal disease.KD complicated with acute abdominal disease generally has good prognosis.It is important to treat KD in the first place.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide a theoretical basis for diagnosing and treating recurrent Kawasaki disease based on data analysis of clinical symptoms.Methods:Data analysis of children with recurrent Kawasaki disease admitted to Beijing Children′s Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 was conducted, including comparisons of the initial onset and the recurrence on patients′ clinical features, auxiliary examination and treatment.Results:During the four-year scale, 3 041 children with Kawasaki disease were admitted to the department of Cardiology.The recurrence data involved 65 children[male∶female 3.1∶1, average aged(2.42 ± 2.04) years]. First, children′s fever duration was(5.66 ± 2.37) days in recurrence data, significantly shorter than that of their initial onset.The recurrence data also reported a lower incidence of rash and limb changes, together with respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms.Then, 19 cases out of the 65 children got coronary artery lesion(CAL) at their initial onset.A relief of CAL was reported from 15 children when the disease recurred, along with 11 new-reported CAL cases.Intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) refractory Kawasaki disease cases accounted for nine at the initial onset and 12 at the recurrent onset, respectively.Five IVIG refractory recurrent cases reported significant relief after 2 g/kg IVIG treatment.Conclusion:The recurrent Kawasaki disease in children usually occurs among children under three years old, within the first year after the initial onset.Most of the recurrent cases report a shorter fever duration and less typical clinical symptoms than their first onset.In some cases, IVIG treatment showed effects initially but failed to work when the disease recurred.Therefore, glucocorticoid or infliximab should be considered for further treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908370

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reliability of estimated transpulmonary gradient(TPG)by comparing the measured TPG with the estimated TPG in echocardiography.Methods:The cardiothoracic surgery database of Shanghai Children′s Medical Center was reviewed.Children with hemodynamic monitoring and ultrasound findings who underwent total cavopulmonary connection between January 2015 and December 2018 were included.TPG was calculated separately according to the formula.Intraclass correlation efficient was used for consistency test.Results:Finally, 27 patients were selected, including 16 males and 11 females with age(4.0±1.6)years old, weight(15.2±3.3)kg and height(99.1±11.2)cm.There were nine cases (33.3%) of right ventricular double outlet and seven cases (25.9%) of pulmonary atresia.For hemodynamic blood monitoring, TPG was 5-16(10.1±3)mmHg, and its echocardiography parameters were estimated as 5.8-20.3(11±3.3)mmHg.The ICC value was 0.117 which was less than 0.4( P=0.277). Conclusion:TPG estimated by total cavopulmonary connection pipe window during perioperative period is inaccurate and higher than actual value, so invasive hemodynamic monitoring is still recommended during perioperative period.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907950

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a child with giant coronary aneurysm complicated with myocardial infarction admitted to the Department of Cardiology, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University in February 2019 was retrospectively analyzed.The child, male, aged 2 years and 8 months, presented with symptoms related to cardiac insufficiency.Echocardiography showed giant coronary aneurysm with thrombosis, severe enlargement of the heart, reduction of cardiac function and ventricular aneurysm formation.After anticoagulation, antiplatelet, cardio tonic, diuretic and vasodilator therapy, the clinical symptoms of the patient were slightly relieved, but the ventricular aneurysm gradually expan-ded, and the prognosis was poor.Myocardial infarction is very rare in children, the main cause of which is coronary aneurysm caused by Kawasaki disease.Its early recognition and diagnosis are particularly important, and timely and correct treatment can significantly improve the prognosis.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 502-509, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects and mechanisms of intermittent and persistent noise exposure-induced anxiety and depression-like behavior in rats. METHODS: The specific pathogen free male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, four times/day intermittent noise exposure group, two times/day intermittent noise exposure group and persistent noise exposure group, with 15 rats in each group. The rats in the control group were housed in natural environment(background noise ≤50 dB), and the rats in other three exposure groups were exposed to noise with intensity of(95±2) dB of 20 to 20 000 Hz noise for four hours per day for 14 days; rats in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group entered a five-hour quiet period every one hours of noise exposure, four times/day; rats in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group entered a 10-hour quiet period every two hours of noise exposure, two times/day; rats in the persistent noise exposure group entered a 20-hour quiet period every four hours of noise exposure. After exposure, anxiety like behavior was evaluated by open field test and elevated cross maze test. The depression like behavior was evaluated by sugar preference test and forced swimming test. The pathological changes of neurons in the hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, and the ultrastructural changes of hippocampal tissues were observed by transmission electron microscope. Chemiluminescence and colorimetry were used to detect the levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS), malondialdehyde, glutathione(GSH) and the activity of superoxide dismutase(SOD). RESULTS: In the behavioral experiment, the percentage of exercise time in the central area decreased in the three noise exposure groups(all P<0.01). The exercise distance in the central area and sugar preference index decreased in the persistent noise exposure group(both P<0.01). The percentage of open arm exercise time and open arm exercise distance decreased in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group and persistent noise exposure group compared with the control group(all P<0.01). The open arm distance of rats in the persistent noise exposure group were lower than those in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(P<0.05), while the immobility time was longer than in control group and the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(both P<0.05). The HE staining showed that the neuronal spacing in CA1 area of the hippocampus of rats was significantly widened, and the pyramidal cells showed degeneration and necrosis in the persistent noise exposure group. There was no obvious necrosis found in the neurons of the other three groups. The ultrastructure of neurons showed that most mitochondria of cells in the hippocampus of rats in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group were swollen. In the persistent noise exposure group, some neurons of the hippocampus of rats were necrotic, the cell membrane was discontinuous, the mitochondria were swollen, and the cristae were broken, dissolved or even disappeared. The mitochondrial structure of the hippocampus of rats in the other two groups was normal. The activity of SOD in the hippocampus of rats decreased in the four times/day intermittent noise exposure group(P<0.05), and the activity of SOD and the level of GSH in the hippocampus of rats decreased in the two times/day intermittent noise exposure group(both P<0.05), compared with the control group. The level of ROS and malondialdehyde in the hippocampus of rats in the persistent noise exposure group increased(all P<0.05), while the SOD activity and GSH level decreased(all P<0.05), compared with the other three groups. CONCLUSION: Intermittent noise exposure causes less anxiety and depression-like changes in rats than persistent noise exposure. Noise may cause anxiety and depression in rats through oxidative stress pathways.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922592

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#At present, the research on clear aligner of molar distalization mainly focuses on the upper jaw, while the research on mandibular molars is few.This study aims to evaluate the therapeutic effect of mandibular molars distalization with clear aligner via cone beam CT (CBCT) and Dolphin software.@*METHODS@#Twenty cases of mandibular molars with clear aligner were included according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. CBCT was taken before treatment (T0) and when the first molar was moved in place (T1). Dolphin software was used to measure the effectiveness of molar distalization. Three-dimensional changes in direction and the impact on the incisors and facial soft and hard tissues were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The effective rates of crown and root distalization of the second and first mandibular molars were 74%, 49%, and 71%, 47%, respectively. The second and first molars were both the distal buccal cusp with the largest distalization [(2.15 ± 0.91) mm and (1.85±1.09) mm], respectively, with significant difference between the T0 and T1 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Clear aligner can effectively move mandibular molars farther, the crown is more effective than the root, and it is tilted. The second mandibular molar is more effective than the first mandibular molar in its distant displacement and three-dimensional changes. Molar distalization causes minor changes in mandibular incisors and facial soft and hard tissues.


Subject(s)
Cephalometry , Maxilla , Molar , Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Tooth Movement Techniques
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1403-1410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish cytarabine-resistant acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cell lines and investigate its possible resistant mechanism.@*METHODS@#Low-concentration cytarabine (Ara-C) continuously induced and cultured Jurkat and Nalm-6 cells to construct cytarabine-resistant cell lines Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C. The cell viability was detected by CCK-8 assay, and the distribution of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of multidrug resistant gene and Ara-C metabolic enzymes. The expression levels of cyclin were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Jurkat/Ara-C and Nalm-6/Ara-C drug-resistant cell lines were successfully established, the resistance index of which was 1 973.908±161.163 and 7 231.643± 1 190.624, respectively. Drug-resistant cell lines had no cross-resistance to commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs, such as doxorubicin. Flow cytometry showed that the ratio of G@*CONCLUSION@#Cytarabine-resistant ALL cell lines are successfully established by using low concentration continuous induction method, and its drug-resistant mechanism may be related to the deficiencies of DCK and cyclinB1.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2 , Cell Line , Cytarabine/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Neoplasm Proteins , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921709

ABSTRACT

The present study optimized the extraction of flavonoids from Lonicera rupicola Hook. f. et Thoms(LRH) and explored its pharmacological effects, such as resisting inflammation, relieving pain, enhancing immunity, and inhibiting pyroptosis, aiming to provide data support and scientific basis for the development and utilization of LRH. Response surface methodology(RSM) was applied to optimize the extraction of flavonoids from LRH based on the results of single-factor experiments. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of LRH flavonoids were evaluated via inflammation and pain models in mice, such as xylene-induced ear swelling, carrageenan-induced footpad swelling, writhing caused by acetic acid, and paw licking. The effect of LRH flavonoids on the carbon clearance index of monocytes and serum immunoglobulin A(IgA) and IgM levels was analyzed on the immunosuppression model induced by cyclophosphamide in mice. The anti-oxidative effect in vivo of LRH flavonoids on liver superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), and malondialdehyde(MDA) levels was determined based on the chronic/subacute aging model in mice induced by D-galactose. The levels of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1(caspase-1), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and IL-18 in the supernatant of J774 A.1 mononuclear phagocytes were detected to evaluate the effect of LRH flavonoids on the pyroptosis of mononuclear phagocytes in mice induced by the combination of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) and adenosine triphosphate(ATP). Meanwhile, the effect of LRH flavonoids on the cAMP-PKA signaling pathway was also explored. The optimum conditions for the extraction of LRH flavonoids are listed below: extraction temperature of 65 ℃, the ethanol concentration of 50%, extraction time of 60 min, a material-liquid ratio at 1∶25, and the yield of LRH flavonoids of 0.553%. RSM determined the multiple quadratic regression equation model of response value and variables as follows: the yield of LRH flavonoids=0.61-0.48A+0.1B+0.029C-0.014D+0.32AB+0.04AC-0.012AD-0.02BC+0.037BD-0.031CD-0.058A~2-0.068B~2-0.069C~2-0.057D~2. LRH flavonoids could effectively inhibit ear swelling and footpad swelling, reduced acetic acid-induced writhing, and delayed the paw licking response time in mice. Additionally, LRH flavonoids could improve the carbon clearance index in immunosuppressed mice, potentiate the activities of SOD and CAT and reduce MDA levels in the liver of aging mice induced by D-galactose, and effectively inhibit macrophage pyroptosis by decreasing the levels of caspase-1, IL-1β, and IL-18. The results reveal that LRH flavonoids possess excellent pharmacological activities such as resisting inflammation and oxidation, relieving pain, and enhancing immunity. They can inhibit pyroptosis by enhancing the cAMP-PKA signaling pathway. The results of this study can underpin the pharmacological research, development, and utilization of LRH.


Subject(s)
Analgesics/therapeutic use , Animals , Edema/drug therapy , Flavonoids/therapeutic use , Inflammation/drug therapy , Lonicera , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Pain/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Pyroptosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4215-4230, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921500

ABSTRACT

Threonine aldolases catalyze the aldol condensation of aldehydes with glycine to furnish β-hydroxy-α-amino acid with two stereogenic centers in a single reaction. This is one of the most promising green methods for the synthesis of optically pure β-hydroxy-α-amino acid with high atomic economy and less negative environmental impact. Several threonine aldolases from different origins have been identified and characterized. The insufficient -carbon stereoselectivity and the challenges of balancing kinetic versus thermodynamic control to achieve the optimal optical purity and yield hampered the application of threonine aldolases. This review summarizes the recent advances in discovery, catalytic mechanism, high-throughput screening, molecular engineering and applications of threonine aldolases, with the aim to provide some insights for further research in this field.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Catalysis , Glycine , Glycine Hydroxymethyltransferase/metabolism , Kinetics , Substrate Specificity , Threonine
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to explore the effect and molecular mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily Q member 1 overlapping transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) on proliferation and osteogenic differentiation in human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs).@*METHODS@#The hPDLSCs of normal periodontal tissues were isolated and cultured. The mineralized solution induced the osteoblast differentiation of hPDLSCs. The down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, the overexpression of anti-miR-24-3p on the proliferation and the levels of osteocalcin (OCN), osteopontin (OPN) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) of hPDLSCs were investigated. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the levels of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1, miR-24-3p, OCN, OPN, and ALP. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) method was used to detect cell viability and activity. Cell proliferation was evaluated by MTT. Western blot was used to detect protein expression. The targeted relationship between lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 and miR-24-3p was detected by double-luciferase experiment.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 increased, and that of miR-24-3p decreased during the osteogenesis of hPDLSCs (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Down-regulation of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 inhibited the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLSCs by targeting the up-regulated expression of miR-24-3p.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteogenesis , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Potassium , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stem Cells/cytology
15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 813-820, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921284

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on lipophagy in hepatocytes and the underlying mechanism. Human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was cultured in vitro, treated with 0.1 mmol/L palmitic acid (PA), and then divided into control group (0 μg/mL LPS), LPS group (10 μg/mL LPS), LPS+DMSO group and LPS+RAPA (rapamycin, 10 μmol/L) group. Lipid accumulation in hepatocytes was observed by oil red O staining. The autophagic flux of the cells was assessed using confocal laser scanning microscope after being transfected with autophagy double-labeled adenovirus (mRFP-GFP-LC3). The level of intracellular lipophagy was visualized by the colocalization of lipid droplets (BODIPY 493/503 staining) and lysosomes (lysosome marker, lysosomal associated membrane protein 1, LAMP1). The expression levels of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), ribosome protein subunit 6 kinase 1 (S6K1), p-S6K1, LC3II/I and P62 protein were examined by Western blot. The results showed that the number of red lipid droplets stained with oil red O was significantly increased in LPS group compared with that in control group (P < 0.001). Moreover, in LPS group, the number of autophagosomes was increased, while the number of autophagolysosomes and the colocalization rate of LAMP1 and BODIPY were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the ratios of p-mTOR/mTOR and p-S6K1/S6K1, the ratio of LC3II/LC3I and the protein expression of P62 were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in LPS group. Furthermore, compared with LPS+DMSO group, RAPA treatment obviously reduced the number of lipid droplets and autophagosomes, and raised the number of autophagolysosomes and the colocalization rate of LAMP1 and BODIPY (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the results demonstrate that LPS inhibits lipophagy in HepG2 cells via activating mTOR signaling pathway, thereby aggravating intracellular lipid accumulation.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Palmitic Acid , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
16.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 805-812, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921283

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects and the underlying mechanism of CD36 gene on glucose and lipid metabolism disorder induced by high-fat diet in mice. Wild type (WT) mice and systemic CD36 knockout (CD36


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Fatty Liver/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism , Insulin/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Mice , Triglycerides
17.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 665-670, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912222

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the serum levels of copper and zinc and the application value of the ratio in assessing disease activity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).Methods:From March 2019 to April 2020, 200 patients with IBD hospitalized at the Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected by prospective random direct sampling method, including 100 patients with Crohn′s disease (CD) and 100 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The Crohn′s disease activity index (CDAI) and the modified Mayo score were used to evaluate the disease activity of CD patients and UC patients. In the same period 100 healthy individuals in the routine physical examination were selected as healthy control group. The serum levels of copper and zinc of the healthy control group, the CD group and the UC group were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry. The levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of three groups were compared. The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients and UC patients with different disease activity were compared. The correlation between the ratio of serum copper to zinc and IBD activity indexes were analyzed, which included fecal calprotectin (FC), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), CDAI and Mayo score. Receiver operating characteristic curve was drawn to analyze the value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR in predicting disease activity of patients with IBD. Independent sample t test, least significant difference- t test and Pearson correlation analysis were performed for statistical analysis. Results:The serum copper levels and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of the CD group and the UC group were both higher than that of the healthy control group, however the serum zinc levels were lower than that of the healthy control group ( (32.27±7.69) and (29.80±9.68) mol/L vs. (20.16±6.67) mol/L; 2.81±1.57 and 2.29±1.09 vs. 0.68±0.36; (14.64±7.11) and (15.65±8.17) mol/L vs. (34.29±16.40) mol/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.81, 5.87, 1.47, 7.21, 1.73 and 2.56, all P<0.05). Among CD patients, the the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (29 cases), mild activity stage (23 cases), moderate activity stage (30 cases) and severe activity stage (18 cases) was 2.61±1.43, 2.75±1.35, 3.15±2.37 and 4.17±1.77, respectively, and the ratios of serum copper to zinc of patients at mild activity stage, moderate activity stage and severe activity stage were all higher than that of patients at the remission stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=3.41, 7.92 and 5.84, all P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the ratios of serum copper to zinc between patients at mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, severe activity stage, and between patients at moderate activity stage and severe activity stage ( t=5.82, 6.23 and 3.45, all P<0.05). Among UC patients, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at remission stage (10 cases), mild activity stage (30 cases), moderate activity stage (45 cases) and severe activity stage (15 cases) was 1.52±0.44, 1.74±0.58, 2.38±0.83 and 3.80±1.19, respectively, the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at moderate activity stage was higher than that of patients at remission stage and mild activity stage, and the ratio of serum copper to zinc of patients at severe activity stage was higher than those of patients at remission stage, mild activity stage and moderate activity stage, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=7.92, 5.83, 3.21, 9.54 and 2.83, all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in serum copper to zinc ratio between patients at remission and at mild activity stage ( P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of CD patients was positively correlated with FC and CRP ( r=0.697 and 0.586, P=0.014 and 0.001), however was not correlated with ESR or CDAI score (both P>0.05). The ratio of serum copper to zinc of UC patients was positively correlated with FC, ESR and Mayo score ( r=0.488, 0.452 and 0.331, P=0.001, P<0.01 and P=0.041), however was not correlated with CRP ( P>0.05). The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of CD activity was 1.76, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively. Among them, ESR was the most effective in the diagnosis of CD activity with an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.830, and to the sensitivity and specificity was 69.0% and 86.2%, respectively. The cut-off value of the ratio of serum copper to zinc, CRP and ESR for the diagnosis of UC activity was 1.63, 8 mg/L and 20 mm/1 h, respectively; among which the the ratio of serum copper to zinc had the highest efficacy in the diagnosis of UC activity, with an AUC value of 0.862, sensitivity and specificity of 73.0% and 90.9%, respectively. Conclusion:The the ratio of serum copper to zinc is correlated with the disease activity of IBD, which may become a new auxiliary indicator for the evaluation of disease activity.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1348-1352, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911016

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum lipid levels and the risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.Methods:Patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation admitted to Tianjin Chest Hospital from January 2014 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.According to whether pulmonary embolism was present on CT pulmonary angiography, patients were divided into two groups, the atrial fibrillation with pulmonary embolism group(the AP group)and the control group(the AF group). Clinical data and serum lipid test results were compared between the two groups.The relationship between serum lipid levels and the risk of pulmonary embolism was evaluated.Results:Levels of apolipoprotein A1(ApoA1)and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)in the AP group were(1.09±0.25)g/L and(1.03±0.28)mmol/L, which were lower than those in the AF group(1.24±0.25)g/L and(1.21±0.37)mmol/L)( t=3.255, P=0.002; t=2.972, P=0.004, respectively). Levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(VLDL-C)in the AP group were(0.41±0.24)mmol/L, which were higher than those in the AF group(0.26±0.18)mmol/L)( t=-3.761, P=0.000). The grade of cardiac function on admission in the AP group was higher than that in the AF group( χ2=13.074, P=0.004). The proportion of patients treated for atrial fibrillation in the AP group was lower than that in the AF group( χ2=5.445, P=0.020). Logistic regression analysis showed that decreased ApoA1 and left cardiac insufficiency were risk factors for pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation( OR=8.793, 95% CI: 1.815~42.607, P=0.007; OR=4.388, 95% CI: 1.352~14.244, P=0.014, respectively). Decreased VLDL-C and atrial fibrillation therapy were protective factors for pulmonary embolism( OR=0.180, 95% CI: 0.053~0.610, P=0.006; OR=0.268, 95% CI: 0.072~0.992, P=0.049, respectively). Conclusions:Pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation is related to serum lipid levels.Regulating levels of serum lipids may reduce the risk of pulmonary embolism in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1112-1116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910974

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of supervised high-intensity interval training(HIIT)on physical fitness of elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.Methods:In a prospective randomized controlled study, 47 elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus patients were randomized into either the HIIT group(n=24)or the control group(n=23). All HIIT sessions were conducted under supervision once every other day for 10 weeks.Each session included 40 cycles that consisted of high-intensity training(resting oxygen consumption + 80% oxygen consumption reserve)for 30 seconds and low-intensity training(resting oxygen consumption + 50% oxygen consumption reserve)for 30 seconds.Cardiopulmonary exercise testing, bioelectric impedance analysis and homeostasis model assessment-2(HOMA-2)were used for the measurement of physical fitness, body composition and insulin sensitivity(HOMA-2 IS)before and after intervention. Results:After 10 weeks, peak oxygen uptake(23.6±4.1 ml·kg -1·min -1vs.21.0±4.6 ml·kg -1·min -1, P<0.05), oxygen uptake at the anaerobic threshold(14.1±1.6 ml·kg -1·min -1vs.12.1±2.3 ml·kg -1·min -1, P<0.01), oxygen pulse at the anaerobic threshold(10.7±2.6 ml/min vs.(9.3±1.9)ml/min, P<0.05)and Ln(100·HOMA-2 IS)(4.6±0.4 vs.4.2±0.5, P<0.01)improved in the HIIT group more than in the control group.There were no significant differences in body composition between the two groups( P>0.05). After adjusting for age and body mass index, there was a linear correlation between peak oxygen uptake and Ln(100·HOMA-2 IS)at baseline( r=0.376, P<0.05), but not between changes in peak oxygen uptake and changes in Ln(100·HOMA-2 IS)( r= 0.05, P>0.05). Conclusions:Ten-week HIIT can improve physical fitness of elderly type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.The benefit comes not only from improvement of insulin sensitivity but also from enhancement of heart function.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 872-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prevalence and distribution characteristics of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) in hospitalized patients with thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (TOLF).Methods:The clinical records of 132 consecutive TOLF patients from January 2018 to June 2019 were retrospectively studied. DISH was identified by the preoperative X-ray and CT and its prevalence was calculated. The prevalence of patients with different genders, different age groups and different ossification types was compared. The segmental distribution of DISH and the distribution in the upper (T 1-T 4), middle (T 5-T 8), and lower thoracic spine (T 9-T 12) were analyzed. Ossification degree of DISH was evaluated based on the Meta scoring system. The demographic characteristics (age, gender, BMI, etc.) were compared between DISH and non-DISH group. Results:Forty-nine patients was diagnosed as DISH with the prevalence of 37.1% in all included cases. The prevalence was about twice as high in male (46.3%) than in female (23.1%) ( χ2=8.806, P=0.003). The prevalence in the age groups of <40, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years was 20.0%, 28.0%, 34.4%, 44.0%, and 66.7%, respectively. The prevalence in long-segment TOLF patients (45.1%) was significantly higher than that in short-segment TOLF patients (24.0%) ( χ2=5.937, P=0.015). DISH most frequently affected T 8,9 levels (91.8%). The total number and mean number of ossified segments were 365 and 7.4, respectively. Ossification lesions in the upper, middle, lower thoracic spine accounted for 26.03%, 40.54%, and 33.15%, respectively. Grade I, grade II, and grade III ossification accounted for 21.4%, 28.5% and 50.1%, respectively. The mean age of the DISH group was older than the non-DISH group ( t=2.024, P=0.045). The proportion of male patients in the DISH group was significantly higher than that in the non-DISH group ( χ2=8.806, P=0.003). The average height and weight in the DISH group were significantly greater than those in the non-DISH group ( t=2.564, P=0.012; t=2.191, P=0.030), whereas no significant differences in BMI and constituent ratio of concurrent diabetes, cardiac disease, hypertension between two groups were observed. Conclusion:The prevalence of DISH in patients with TOLF is 37.1%. Male, elderly and long-segment TOLF patients are associated with higher prevalence. DISH frequently occurs in the middle and lower thoracic spine, and T 8,9 is the common affected segment. Ossification lesions may develop with age. Demographic characteristics of DISH group differ, to some extent, from those of non-DISH group.

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