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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 277-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922906

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a kind of disease characterized by progressive increase of pulmonary vascular resistance and occlusive vascular remodeling. Hypoxic inductive factor-2α (HIF-2α) plays an important role in the abnormal proliferation of pulmonary vascular cells and pulmonary vascular remodeling. This review focuses on the role of HIF-2α in pulmonary hypertension at the cellular and the global level, and candidates targeting HIF-2α for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, in order to better understand the pathogenesis of PH and find effective treatments.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 557-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922886

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension is a rapidly progressing disease of the lung vasculature with poor prognosis, ultimately leading to right heart failure and death. The remodeling of small pulmonary arteries represents an important pathological characteristic of pulmonary hypertension. Pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) located in the middle layer of pulmonary artery exhibit hyperproliferation and resistance to apoptosis, which is the main initiator of pulmonary vascular remodeling and similar to that seen in tumor cells. In this review we focus on the signaling pathways that play a key role in PASMCs proliferation and the latest research progress on inhibitors targeting cell proliferation pathways to provide a new perspective for the treatment of PH.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between CD133 expression and clinicopathological features in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients, and the impact of CD133 on prognosis in these patients.Methods:Data of 70 patients who received surgical treatment in our center from Jan. 2008 to Dec. 2012 were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine the expression of CD133. Patients were divided into two groups according to CD133 expression. Univariate analysis, Cox and Logistic regression multivariate analysis were used in order to investigate the correlation between CD133 expression and clinicopathological features. Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank analysis were used to evaluate DFS (disease-free survival) and OS (overall survival) .Results:CD133 was expressed in cytomembrane and cytoplasm with expression rate of 95.71% (67/70) . Of which, 64.29% (45/70) of patients were low CD133 expression and 35.71% (25/70) were high expression. High CD133 expression was significantly correlated with younger age (≤50) ( P=0.007) and larger tumor size (>2 cm) ( P=0.020) . Tumor size ( P=0.035) , axillary status ( P=0.001) , Ki67 ( P=0.005) and CD133 expression ( P=0.014) were independent predictors of recurrence and metastasis in TNBC patients. Axillary status was independent predictor of death event ( P=0.008) . Increased CD133 was associated with poor prognosis. Compared with high expression, patients with low CD133 expression had better DFS ( P=0.002) and OS ( P=0.088) , while OS did not reach significant difference. Conclusion:CD133 expression was correlated with age and tumor size in TNBC patients. High expression was associated with recurrence, metastasis and poor prognosis. Thus, CD133 may be a potential biomarker in predicting prognosis in TNBC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906354

ABSTRACT

Vitiligo is a common pigmentary disorder characterized by localized or generalized depigmentation of the skin, resulting in milky white or light pink patches with smooth surface but no rashes.Modern medicine believes that it is closely related to immune function, oxidative stress, autoimmune destruction of melanocytes, heredity, and neurochemical factors, but the specific pathogenesis is still unclear.Due to the easy diagnosis but hard management and the high recurrence rate, vitiligo has seriously affected the quality of life and mental health of patients.At present, it is mainly treated with glucocorticoids, immunomodulators, vitamin D3 derivatives, and antioxidants in western medicine, and the resulting short-term outcomes are satisfactory.However, a series of side effects may be caused by the long-term use.Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of dealing with vitiligo.Guided by the rich experience accumulated in daily practice, it exerts the preventive and therapeutic effects against vitiligo via multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways, without inducing obvious adverse reactions, which has made it widely concerned by many doctors and scholars.As the research concerning the prevention and treatment of vitiligo with TCM intensifies, more and more single Chinese medicinals, Chinese medicinal monomers, and compound prescriptions have been proved to play a therapeutic role via multiple mechanisms.After reviewing the articles on the alleviation of vitiligo with TCM published in the past five years and retrieved from the literature databases, this paper summarized the efficacy of TCM in regulating immune dysfunction, improving oxidative stress injury, protecting melanocyte function, adjusting mitochondrial structure and function, and controlling the alteration of intestinal micro-flora and abnormal microRNA (miRNA) expression, so as to clarify the pathogenesis of vitiligo and provide theoretical and scientific basis for the in-depth study and clinical application of TCM in the prevention and treatment of vitiligo.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the long-term effect of Zhenzhu Tiaozhi capsule(FTZ) on hemoglobin A1c(HbA1c)in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) based on real-world data. Method:T2DM patients who were provided with FTZ (FTZ group) and those receiving conventional hypoglycemic drugs (control group) were extracted from the hospital information system (HIS) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, followed by propensity score matching (PSM) for balancing the confounding factors between groups. With HbA1c as the efficacy evaluation index, the difference in efficacy between the two groups was compared using <italic>t</italic>-test and <italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup> test. For repeated measurement data of the same patient, the difference in efficacy and the stability of FTZ against HbA1c were analyzed by generalized estimating equation (GEE). The factors that might affect the efficacy of FTZ against HbA1c were subjected to multivariate linear regression analysis (MLRA), and the subgroup analyses were then conducted after the stratification of relevant factors. Result:There were 46 patients included in the FTZ group and 1 208 patients in the control group. PSM yielded 42 pairs of samples with balanced covariates between groups. As revealed by one-year observation, ① HbA1c in the FTZ group after treatment was 6.51%±1.09%. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. At the same time, the HbA1c compliance rate in the FTZ group was 73.8% after treatment. No significant difference was observed either in pre- and post-treatment comparison in the FTZ group or in its comparison with the control group. ② The GEE results showed that the post-treatment HbA1c levels in the two groups were not significantly different from each other. Moreover, the HbA1c level remained stable over treatment time. ③ MLRA and subgroup analyses results demonstrated that FTZ was more effective in patients with high baseline HbA1c [<italic>β</italic>=-0.530,95% confidence interval(CI) -0.850~-0.209,<italic>P</italic><0.01] or those who were complicated with hypertension (<italic>β</italic>=-0.918,95%CI -1.614~-0.222,<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:In the real world, FTZ is able to control the blood sugar, and its effect is similar to those of conventional hypoglycemic drugs. Besides, it is capable of stabilizing the blood sugar for a long time.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential suitable distribution area and the high-quality distribution area of <italic>Sabia parviflora</italic>. Method:Combined with the distribution information and environmental factors,the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model and ArcGIS software were used to predict the potential suitable distribution area of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Based on the correlation between environmental factors and total saponins,total flavonoids,quercetin-3-<italic>O</italic>-gentiobioside,camellianoside,tsubakioside A,kaempferol-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside and isobariclisin-3-<italic>O</italic>-rutinoside,the quality regionalization was conducted by using spatial interpolation method and fuzzy superposition function in ArcGIS software. Result:<italic>S. parviflora</italic> is mainly distributed in Yunnan,Guizhou,Guangxi province in China. The medium and high suitable areas accounts for about 2.88% of the national area. The precipitation in October and November,the precipitation in the warmest and driest seasons,the standard deviation of seasonal changes in temperature and altitude are the main environmental factors that affect the distribution of <italic>S. parviflora</italic>. Slope,precipitation,solar radiation and temperature change had great influence on the accumulation of secondary metabolites. Based on the results of potential suitable distribution and spatial interpolation of each component,the high-quality areas of <italic>S. parviflora</italic> are mainly concentrated in the southwest of Guizhou,with Qinglong,Guanling,Zhenning,Pu'an,Xingren county and other areas as the core. Conclusion:This study provides a scientific guidance for the site selection of artificial planting and the procurement of medicinal materials for <italic>S. parviflora</italic>.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921533

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of antiretroviral therapy(ART)for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission(PMTCT)of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS)on the growth and development of 18-month-old children born by human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-positive pregnant women in Lingshan County,Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region,and provide scientific evidence for improving the ART medication plan for PMTCT.Methods Lingshan County,ranking the first in the HIV-epidemic counties of Guangxi,was selected as the research site.According to the design of retrospective case-control study,we assigned all the subjects into the case group and the control group:(1)The case group included the HIV-positive pregnant women who had received ART for PMTCT and their HIV-negative infants in Lingshan County from 2010 to 2017.The historical cards and PMTCT data of them were collected from the national PMTCT database.(2)The control group included the healthy pregnant women and their healthy babies born in the Lingshan Maternity and Infant Hospital in 2017,and the children's growth and development data were collected.The stunted growth in children was defined as at least one of the three main indicators of body height,body weight,and head circumference below the normal range.Results The number of HIV-positive mothers and their infants in the case group was 391 and 368,respectively,and 87.21%(341/391)and 95.38%(351/368)of mothers and infants respectively received ART medication.The HIV positive rate,mortality rate,and mother-to-child transmission rate of 18-month-old children were 1.36%(5/368),4.35%(16/368),and 2.01%(5/249),respectively.The incidence of stunted growth of 18-month-old children in the case group and the control group was 42.12%(155/368)and 23.06%(101/438),respectively,with significant difference(


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China/epidemiology , Female , Growth and Development , HIV , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Mothers , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Plasma cells and immunoglobulins (Igs) play a pivotal role in the induction and maintenance of chronic inflammation in nasal polyps. During secondary immune responses, plasma cell survival and Ig production are regulated by the local environment. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of long-lived plasma cells (LLPCs) and specific survival niches for LLPCs in human nasal polyps.METHODS: Nasal mucosal samples were cultured with an air-liquid interface system and the Ig levels in culture supernatants were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The characteristics of LLPCs in nasal polyps were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The expression of neurotrophins as well as their receptors was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.RESULTS: The numbers of CD138⁺ total plasma cells and BCL2⁺ plasma cells were increased in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps compared with those in normal tissues. The production of IgG, IgA, and IgE was detected in culture supernatants even after a 32-day culture of nasal polyps. Although the total numbers of plasma cells were decreased in nasal polyps after culture, the numbers of BCL2⁺ plasma cells remained stable. The expression of nerve growth factor (NGF) as well as tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk) A, a high-affinity receptor for NGF, was upregulated in both eosinophilic and non-eosinophilic nasal polyps. In addition, BCL2⁺ plasma cell numbers were positively correlated with NGF and TrkA mRNA expression in nasal mucosal tissues. Polyp plasma cells had the expression of TrkA.CONCLUSIONS: Human nasal polyps harbor a population of LLPCs and NGF may be involved in their prolonged survival. LLPCs may be a novel therapeutic target for suppressing the local Ig production in nasal polyps.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulins , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Nerve Growth Factor , Nerve Growth Factors , Phosphotransferases , Plasma Cells , Plasma , Polyps , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tropomyosin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787616

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience. Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed. All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found. With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799531

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience.@*Methods@#Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed.@*Results@#All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found.@*Conclusion@#With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811668

ABSTRACT

The population is commonly susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV), especially the elderly with comorbidities.Elderly patients infected with 2019-nCoV tend to have higher rates of severe illnesses and mortality.Immunoaging is an important cause of severe novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP)in the elderly.Due to the combination of underlying diseases, elderly patients may exhibit a typical manifestations in clinical symptoms, supplementary examinations and pulmonary imaging, deserving particular attention.The general condition of the elderly should be considered during diagnosis and treatment.In addition to routine care and measures such as oxygen therapy, antiviral therapy and respiratory support, treatment of underlying disease, nutritional support, sputum expectoration, complication prevention and psychological support should also be considered for elderly patients.Based on literature review and expert panel discussion, we drafted the Key Points for the Prevention and Treatment of the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia in the elderly, aiming to provide help with the prevention and treatment of NCP and the reduction of harm to the elderly population.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 113-118, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869352

ABSTRACT

The population is commonly susceptible to the 2019 novel coronavirus(2019-nCoV), especially the elderly with comorbidities.Elderly patients infected with 2019-nCoV tend to have higher rates of severe illnesses and mortality.Immunoaging is an important cause of severe novel coronavirus pneumonia(NCP)in the elderly.Due to the combination of underlying diseases, elderly patients may exhibit atypical manifestations in clinical symptoms, supplementary examinations and pulmonary imaging, deserving particular attention.The general condition of the elderly should be considered during diagnosis and treatment.In addition to routine care and measures such as oxygen therapy, antiviral therapy and respiratory support, treatment of underlying disease, nutritional support, sputum expectoration, complication prevention and psychological support should also be considered for elderly patients.Based on literature review and expert panel discussion, we drafted the Key Points for the Prevention and Treatment of the Novel Coronavirus Pneumonia in the elderly, aiming to provide help with the prevention and treatment of NCP and the reduction of harm to the elderly population.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863956

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and its receptor (GnRHR) expression in breast cancer.Methods:GnRH and GnRHR expression data in The Cancer Genomes Atlas (TCGA) database and its clinical information were downloaded. Statistically assessed was performed for relationship with clinicopathological factors and prognosis.Results:The expression of GnRH in breast cancer tissues was lower than that in normal breast tissue (0.42 vs 1.27, P=0.000) , and it was correlated with age ( P=0.046) , race ( P=0.000) , lymphnode status ( P=0.003) , ER ( P=0.000) , PR ( P=0.000) , and HER2 ( P=0.000) . The GnRH expression was higher in patients whose age ≤55 years, black or African American, lymphnode negative, ER negative, PR negative, and HER2 negative. Survival analysis suggested that the Overall Survival (OS) in GnRH high expression group was better than in low expression group ( P=0.018) . The expression of GnRHR in breast cancer tissues was similar to normal breast tissue (0.08 vs 0.07, P=0.778) , and it was correlated with age ( P=0.031) , race ( P=0.000) , ER ( P=0.000) , PR ( P=0.000) , and HER2 ( P=0.030) . The GnRHR expression was higher in patients whose age >55 years, white, ER positive, PR positive, and HER2 negative. There was no significant difference in OS between GnRHR high expression group and low expression group ( P=0.719) . Subgroup analysis showed that OS in GnRHR high expression group was better than in low expression group ( P=0.028) in the triple negative breast cancer subgroup, while GnRHR was not associated with OS in the non-triple negative subgroup ( P=0.976) . Conclusion:The expressions of GnRH and GnRHR are correlated with some clinicopathological parameters of breast cancer, and the prognosis of oreast cancer (especially triple negative breast cancer) . The GnRH and GnRHR signaling pathways maybe have tumor suppressor activity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879330

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a new mechanical model of distal humerus in children with epiphysial cartilage, stimulate supracondylar humerus fracture and perform three dimensional finite elements, and study effect of pins numbers, pin tract, outlet height and pin configurations on stability of fixation.@*METHODS@#Three dimensional computed tomography (CT) data of 6-year-old boy with distal humerus was downloaded from picture archiving and communications systems software (PACS), the data of picture was imported into Simpleware and SolidWorks 2016 software to establish distal humerus fracture in children contained ossific nucleus of the capitellum (ONC) and distal cartilage. Normal extense supracondylar humerus fracture model was established to stimulate configurations of crossed and lateral pinning fixation, 30 N was added on the direction of flexion extension and varus valgus, while 50 N was added on the direction of internal and external turning. Stability was analyzed by displacement degree of distal fracture.@*RESULTS@#Among 2-pin configurations, 2-crossed pins were more stable against rotation forces which could resist rotation stress over 2 585 Nmm/ °, while low position through ONC of 2-divergent lateral pins were more stable, which could resist stress of 45 N /mm and 190 N /mm during the test of resistant strains and varus-valgus stress. The third pins was added into the more stable lateral 2-pins, the stability in all directions were increased obviously, and 3 crossed pins is the most stable, stress of flexion-extension, varus-valgus and internal-external turning were 198 N /mm, 395 N /mm and 6 251 Nmm/ °.@*CONCLUSION@#Two-divergent lateral pins could provide enough stability for supracondylar humerus fracture in children. In two-crossed pins, the upper border of MDJ could provide the best stability. Three-crossed pins could offer the best stability against both translation and rotation forces.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Wires , Child , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Humerus , Male
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 611-619, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780159

ABSTRACT

Adaptation to hypoxia of the plateau environment has been a focus of scientific research in decades. The geographical distributions of such living environment include the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Andean Plateau in South America and Ethiopian Plateau. Over the past century, the unique features of physiological adaptation to high-altitude chronic hypoxia have been documented scientifically. The genetic studies of hypoxic adaptation in the past decade have revealed genetic bases of human high-altitude adaptation, with a close relationship to the hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) pathway and hypoxia response elements (HREs). Interestingly, the genetic pattern of adaptation to hypoxia is not the same among the three plateau populations. Tibetan has developed the best high-altitude adaptation, with modification of the HIF pathway as the key genetic element. Due to the wide range of HIF pathways, HIFs could regulate hundreds of downstream genes and are closely related to various diseases such as cancer, inflammation, ischemia, acute organ damage and infection, etc. The treatment researches of these diseases through HIFs-related regulations have led to the development of stabilizers and inhibitors of HIF pathway. We review here the adaptive responses of the three plateau populations to the hypoxic environment, and the genetic mechanism of HIF and HREs in the different ethnic high-altitude populations. Classes of HIF inhibitors, such as PI3K and/or mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors, DNA-binding inhibitors, histone deacetylase inhibitors, heat-shock protein 90 inhibitors, cardiac glycosides, transcription inhibitors, topoisomerase inhibitors, and HIF activators including 2-OG mimics, Fe2+ chelators, prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) active-site blockers and CUL2 deneddylators have been presented with the drug examples. In addition, the top 3 chemical-disease and chemical-gene (protein) co-occurrences have been presented from the Pubmed literature search. The review could serve as references for research of hypoxia adaptation and HIF-related diseases.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 948-953, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818353

ABSTRACT

Objective Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) have potential value in the clinical application of various tumors. This study was to investigate the role of CTCs and their chemokine receptor CCR9 in the invasion and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods From May 2018 to June 2019, a total of 62 patients with NSCLC in the clinical oncology center of The People's Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were enrolled in this study. The CanpatrolTM CTC technique was used to detected the expressions of CTCs and CCR9 in CTCs in peripheral blood of patients. Furthermore, the relationships between expression levels of CTCs, CCR9 and clinical, pathological characteristics of NSCLC patients were analyzed. Results CTCs were detected in 56 of 62 (90.3%) NSCLC patients. CTCs counts were associated with TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis of NSCLC (P<0.05). In the analysis of clinical correlation between CTC subtypes and NSCLC, epithelial CTCs counts were related to TNM stage and distant metastasis of NSCLC (r=0.296 and r=0.273, P<0.05). Additionally, counts of mixed type CTCs were also correlative with NSCLC tumor metastasis (r =0.253, P =0.047). Finally, we found that the positive rate of CCR9 in mixed type CTCs was associated with distant metastasis of NSCLC (r=0.353, P=0.038). Conclusion CTCs counts and subtypes were correlated with TNM stage and metastasis of NSCLC. The expression level of CCR9 on CTC was expected to be a biomarker to evaluate the risk of tumor metastasis in NSCLC.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of salvianolate in elderly patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP).@*METHODS@#A prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled multicenter trial in elderly patients with UAP from 13 third-grade class-A hospitals in China was performed. A total of 318 patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group (160 patients) and a control group (158 patients). The experimental group was treated with salvianolate for 14 days on the basis of conventional medicine, and the control group was given a placebo for 14 days with the same criteria. Follow-up was lasted 28 days in both groups. The primary endpoint was biweekly frequency of angina pectoris attacks. The secondary endpoints included biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, angina pectoris severity and duration, myocardial injury markers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), as well as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Safety was assessed according to adverse events and serious adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. Compared with those in the control group, the frequency of biweekly angina attacks (2.92 vs . 4.08, P=0.025), the biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, as well as the severity and duration of angina attacks (P<0.01) were reduced by salvianolate. The Seattle Angina Questionnaire score was also significantly improved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between the two groups with respect to the incidence of MACEs. Salvianolate was well tolerated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salvianolate appear to have efficacy and well tolerated for elderly patients with UAP. [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03037047].

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789227

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of AR/let-7 signaling pathway in inhibiting the proliferation of TNBC and its significance for survival.Methods Human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into experimental group and control group.The experimental group was added with androgen dihydrotestosterone(DHT),and the control group was added nothing.The cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8,cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry,AR expression was detected by Western blot,and let-7 expression was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR.The AR,let-7 expression data and survival data of TNBC patients were downloaded from the Cancer Genomes Atlas (TCGA).The expression of AR and let-7 between cancer tissues and normal breast tissues and their relationship with survival was analyzed.Results Cellular experiments showed that the proliferation rate of cancer cells in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group(1.22±0.11 vs 2.26±0.23,t=7.065,P<0.05),and the ratio of G1/S in the experimental group was greater than in the control group (1.08±0.03 vs 0.68±0.03,t=17.321,P=0.000).The AR and let-7a,b,c,and d were overexpressed in the experimental group.The TCGA data showed that AR,let-7a-1,let-7a-2,let7a-3,and let-7c were lower in breast cancer tissues than in normal tissues (P<0.05),while let-7d was higher in breast cancer tissues (P<0.05).The AR,let-7a-1,let-7a-2,let-7a-3,and let-7c were used to cluster the patients into high-expression group and low-expression group,and the overall survival in the high-expression group appeared to be higher,while the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.163).Conclusions The AR/let-7 signaling pathway is up-regulated by DHT activation,which blocks cells in the G1 phase and inhibits cell proliferation.Patients with high expression of AR,let-7a-1,let-7a-2,let-7a-3,and let-7c may have better overall survival.It is suggests that the AR/let-7 signaling pathway may become a new target for TNBC.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the early clinical effects of acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of the lower extremities through a contralateral femoral vein approach by percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) combined with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) therapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis about 45 patients (from September 2016 to August 2017) was conducted to analyze the success rate of the technique, the degree of thrombolysis in different venous segments, and the incidence of complications during the treatment of PMT+CDT. Results: Technique successful rate was 100%. 86.7% of lower extremity thrombosis (LET) segments (calf veins), 82.2% of LET Ⅱ segments (femoral and popliteal veins) and 71.1% of LET III segments (common iliac and femoral veins) were completely dissolved. No serious complications occurred. Conclusion: It is feasible, safe and effective to use PMT+CDT in acute DVT.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200902

ABSTRACT

Background:Manually importing and analyzing image data can be time-consuming, prone to human error, and costly for large clinical trial datasets. This can lead to delays in quality control (QC) feedback to imaging sites and in obtaining data analysis results. Herein we describe the creation and application of a high-throughput review process for import, classification, labeling and QC of large multimodal clinical trial image datasets.Methods:Automated methods were used to remove patient identifying information, extract image header data, and filter image data for usability. A convolutional neural net was applied to estimate anatomy for CT images. Internal scores were assigned for each image series to identify the optimal series for labeling and reading of each anatomical region. Image QC reports were automatically generated for all patients.Results:In combined studies for which 204,492 series were received, 27,841 series were identified as usable and 13,415 series were labeled. Using this high-throughput method, total work-hours required per time point were reduced by an approximate factor of ten when compared to traditional review and labeling methods. Our anatomic classification system identified 95.7% of image series correctly, with the remaining series being manually corrected before labeling and analysis. Conclusions: A high-throughput image analysis pipeline was implemented in a large combined dataset of clinical trial image series. This pipeline can be applied across other studies and modalities for fast image data characterization, labeling and QC.

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