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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447498


Objective To explore the clinical features, inducements and interventions in a case of mass hysteria. Methods A mass hysteria strook after a fight gang in a factory. Fifty-four cases were diagnosed as mass hysteria. The general information and clinical symptoms of all patients with mass hysteria were collected. All patients were assessed us-ing Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) before treatment, and at the end of one, two and four weeks of the treatment, respec-tively. Results The patients were thirty-eight females (70.4%) and sixteen males (29.6%), with average age (20.26±2.04) years old. Fifty patients showed anxious about self-safety mostly. The most common symptoms were convulsions or con-vulsive seizure in forty-seven cases (87.0%), outburst of emotion in thirty-two cases (59.3%), and episodic syncope in twenty-nine cases (53.7%). Thirty-four cases (62.96%) were disscoiative disorders mixed with conversion disorders. The scores of HAMA at the end of one, two and four weeks of the treatment were lower than that before treatment (all P<0.05). Conclusions The inducements of such an episode of mass hysteria are witness of fighting and the overwhelming anxiety about self-security. Disscoiative disorders mixed with conversion disorders is the major clinical feature. In order to control the episode of mass hysteria, the priority task is to relieve people’s anxiety.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446901


Objective To evaluate the relationship between the C270T polymorphism brain-derived neurotrophic factor and susceptibility of schizophrenia using meta-analysis. Methods A retrieval was performed on the case control study on the C270T polymorphism of the patients with schizophrenia. The meta-analysis was applied for investigating and summarizing the relationship between C270T polymorphism and schizophrenia. Subgroups were divided according to races. Results A total of 16 studies with 3874 patients and 4309 controls were included. The frequencies of C/T allele and genotype CC/(CT+TT) were associated with schizophrenia (all P<0.01) with OR 1.65 [95%CI (1.26, 2.16)] and 1.71 [95%CI (1.27, 2.30)], respectively. The association of C/T allele and genotype CC/(CT+TT) with schizophrenia was signif-icant in Asian subgroup (P<0.01), with OR 1.89 [95%CI (1.30, 2.75)] and 1.97 [95%CI (1.29, 3.03)], but not in Cauca-sian subgroup (all P=0.05). Conclusion The C270T polymorphism of brain-derived neurotrophic factor gene might con-tribute to the genetic susceptibility of schizophrenia in Asian population.