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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512661


Objective: To observe influence of enalapril maleate and folic acid tablet (EFA) on blood pressure and blood glucose levels in patients with H-type hypertension (HTH) complicated diabetes mellitus (DM).Methods: According to random number table, a total of 300 HTH + DM patients were equally divided into enalapril group, amlodipine group and EFA group.Levels of blood pressure, plasma homocysteine (Hcy), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2h postprandial glucose (2hPG), fasting insulin (FINS), 2h postprandial insulin (2hPINS) were measured and compared among three groups before, and one, 12 and 24 months after treatment.All patients were followed up for two years, incidence rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events were compared among three groups.Results: Compared with enalapril group and amlodipine group on 24 months after treatment, there were significant reductions in levels of SBP[(134.65±7.25) mmHg, (136.00±8.62) mmHg vs.(128.62±5.00) mmHg], DBP[(84.79±4.26) mmHg, (88.47±7.25) mmHg vs.(74.29±5.06) mmHg], plasma Hcy[(11.18±5.21)μmol/L , (30.29±5.62)μmol/L vs.(9.72±2.47)μmol/L], CIMT[(1.30±0.19) mm, (1.46±0.37) mm vs.(0.95±0.38) mm], 2hPG[(12.50±1.70)mmol/L, (12.90±1.90)mmol/L vs.(9.50±1.00)mmol/L]and 2hPINS[(71.38±17.63)μU/ml, (78.42±21.49)μU/ml vs.(61.28±18.14)μU/ml], P<0.05 or <0.01.After two-year follow-up, compared with enalapril group and amlodipine group on 24 months after treatment, there was significant reductions in incidence rates of cerebrovascular events (11%, 23% vs.0) and cardiovascular events (2%, 11% vs.0) in EFA group, P<0.01 all.Conclusion: EFA tablets can significantly reduce blood pressure, blood glucose and Hcy level and effectively delay atherosclerosis progression in HTH+DM patients,its safety is good, which is worth extending.