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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010334

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine (CM) diagnosis intellectualization is one of the hotspots in the research of CM modernization. The traditional CM intelligent diagnosis models transform the CM diagnosis issues into classification issues, however, it is difficult to solve the problems such as excessive or similar categories. With the development of natural language processing techniques, text generation technique has become increasingly mature. In this study, we aimed to establish the CM diagnosis generation model by transforming the CM diagnosis issues into text generation issues. The semantic context characteristic learning capacity was enhanced referring to Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory (BILSTM) with Transformer as the backbone network. Meanwhile, the CM diagnosis generation model Knowledge Graph Enhanced Transformer (KGET) was established by introducing the knowledge in medical field to enhance the inferential capability. The KGET model was established based on 566 CM case texts, and was compared with the classic text generation models including Long Short-Term Memory sequence-to-sequence (LSTM-seq2seq), Bidirectional and Auto-Regression Transformer (BART), and Chinese Pre-trained Unbalanced Transformer (CPT), so as to analyze the model manifestations. Finally, the ablation experiments were performed to explore the influence of the optimized part on the KGET model. The results of Bilingual Evaluation Understudy (BLEU), Recall-Oriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation 1 (ROUGE1), ROUGE2 and Edit distance of KGET model were 45.85, 73.93, 54.59 and 7.12, respectively in this study. Compared with LSTM-seq2seq, BART and CPT models, the KGET model was higher in BLEU, ROUGE1 and ROUGE2 by 6.00-17.09, 1.65-9.39 and 0.51-17.62, respectively, and lower in Edit distance by 0.47-3.21. The ablation experiment results revealed that introduction of BILSTM model and prior knowledge could significantly increase the model performance. Additionally, the manual assessment indicated that the CM diagnosis results of the KGET model used in this study were highly consistent with the practical diagnosis results. In conclusion, text generation technology can be effectively applied to CM diagnostic modeling. It can effectively avoid the problem of poor diagnostic performance caused by excessive and similar categories in traditional CM diagnostic classification models. CM diagnostic text generation technology has broad application prospects in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Asian People , Language , Learning
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003778

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the material basis of homologous and heterogeneous effect of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus(AFI) and Aurantii Fructus(AF) based on the total statistical moment analysis and molecular connectivity index(MCI). MethodRelevant literature at home and abroad and Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) were consulted to establish the chemical composition database of AFI and AF, and set up their fingerprints by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography(UPLC), and the total statistical moments and similarity parameters of the fingerprint were calculated. According to MCI, all components of AFI and AF were divided into different component groups, the average values of 0-8th order(0χ-8χ) MCI of the common component groups of AFI and AF were calculated. ResultThe values of total zero-order moment(AUCT) of AFI and AF were (10.57±2.45)×106, (5.09±0.89)×106 μV·s, the values of total first-order moment(MCRTT) were (11.57±1.58), (12.10±1.29) min, the values of total second-order moments(VCRTT) were(24.49±2.30), (26.49±2.54) min2, respectively. It showed that qualitative and quantitative parameters of AFI and AF were significantly different. The components with high similarity such as neohesperidin, hesperidin and narirutin were screened as the common potential pharmacodynamic components of AFI and AF. The non-common components of AFI, such as alysifolinone and imperatorin, and the non-common components of AF, such as neoeriocitrin and isosakuranin, with high similarity were screened out as potential heterogeneous components of AFI and AF. The composition groups of AFI and AF were classified into six categories, and the similarities between the composition groups of AFI and AF and the total constituents were 0.872-0.979 and 0.918-0.997, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of alkaloids in AFI and AF were 3.65 and 3.14, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of flavonoids were 8.47 and 8.47, the average values of 0χ-8χ MCI of volatile oils were 2.71 and 3.48, respectively. It showed that there were some differences in MCI of chemical constituents(groups) between AFI and AF. ConclusionThe chemical constituents(groups) of AFI and AF not only differ in content and species, but also in structural characteristics and structure-activity relationship, which can provide a basis for further explaining the scientific connotation of homologous and heterogeneous effect of AFI and AF.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981870

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the culture method of mass amplification for tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) from malignant pleural/ascites in vitro, and identify the function and molecular phenotype of these amplified cells. Methods The pleural/ascites fluid was extracted under aseptic conditions, and lymphocytes were isolated by density gradient centrifugation. Then TILs were amplified by the program based on combined IFN-γ, OKT3 and IL-2, and the cell morphology and growth rate were recorded. The molecular phenotypes of the amplified lymphocytes were analyzed by Flow cytometry, and the killing ability against tumor cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. Results In this culture program, TILs remained in good condition until the 26th day, and the proliferation rate began to decrease on the 30th day. The proportions of CD4-CD8+ and CD8+CD56+ T cells gradually increased as cell culture time extended while the proportions of CD4+CD25+ T cells decreased gradually. Unlike the proportions prior to amplification, the proportions of SLAMF7, CD45RO, PD-1 and granzyme B positive cells in T lymphocyte subpopulation were significantly increased, meanwhile, the expression of exhausted T-cell marker CD57 was also gradually increased. The cytotoxicity of amplified CD8+ T cells from TILs was significantly stronger than that from PBMC, and the cytotoxicity reached the peak at the effect-target ratio of 10:1 and was significantly different among tumor cell types. Conclusion A culture program for TILs amplification from cancerous thoracic/ascites is established. The method is simple and efficient. The effector cells are mainly CD8+ T lymphocytes with active phenotype.


Subject(s)
Humans , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Ascites/metabolism , Phenotype
4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2240-2246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013669

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the involvement of cy-clophilin D ( CypD ) -mediated mitochondrial permeability transition pore ( mPTP) in the neuroprotective effects of melatonin on cognitive impairment induced by repeated exposure to sevoflurane in newborn animals. Methods Mice were randomly assigned into control group, sevoflurane ( Sevo) group, and melatonin pre-treatment + sevoflurane ( Sevo + Mel) group. JC-1 kit was used to assess the mitochondrial membrane potential ( MMP) ; Western blot analysis was used to evaluate the protein expressions of CypD, postsynaptic density protein 95 ( PSD95 ), and Synapsin-1; and behavioral test were employed to measure cognitive function. Results The MMP level in the Sevo group was significantly reduced compared to the control group (P < 0. 01 ), the expression of CypD increased (P <0. 05), whereas the expression of PSD95 and Synapsin-1 decreased ( P < 0. 01) . Furthermore, the new object recognition index and spatial memory ability both exhibited a significant decline (P < 0. 01, P < 0. 05). However, when compared to the Sevo group, Sevo + Mel group could raise the MMP level (P <0. 01), increase the expression of synaptic proteins ( P < 0. 05 ), decrease the expression of CypD (P <0. 01) and elevate the new object recognition index and the spatial memory capacity ( P < 0. 01 ). Conclusions Melatonin could ameliorate cognitive impairment induced by repeated exposure to sevoflurane in newborn mice, and the underlying mechanism may be attributed to the inhibition of mPTP mediated by CypD and the promotion of synaptic protein synthesis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980742

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the body surface temperature of the relevant back-shu points in patients with chronic persistent asthma by infrared thermal imaging technology, and observe the specific changes of the body surface temperature of the relevant back-shu points under the condition of lung disease.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with chronic persistent asthma (observation group) and 45 healthy subjects (control group) were selected. The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) were measured by BK-MT02A medical infrared thermography.@*RESULTS@#The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The body surface temperature of bilateral Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17) was higher than that of ipsilateral Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in the two groups (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in body surface temperature between ipsilateral Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17), between ipsilateral Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The pathological increase of body surface temperature of Feishu (BL 13), Geshu (BL 17), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23) in patients with chronic persistent asthma indicates that above acupoints have specificity in reflecting lung diseases. The Feishu (BL 13) and Geshu (BL 17), which have significantly increased body surface temperature, not only provide objective basis for the pathological pathogenesis of "deficiency in origin and excess in symptom" in patients with chronic persistent asthma, but also reflect the different expressions of different acupoints on the same meridian for the lung diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temperature , Asthma/diagnostic imaging , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972299

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBased on the supramolecular "imprinting template" theory, the autonomous action law of the component groups of Shentong Zhuyutang in the preparation process of medicinal materials-decoction pieces-formulas was studied to clarify the quantitative transfer law of its quality attributes. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography(UPLC) fingerprint of Shentong Zhuyutang was established with mobile phase of 0.4% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution(0-2.5 min, 100%A; 2.5-6 min, 100%-96%A; 6-15 min, 96%-92%A; 15-25 min, 92%-88%A; 25-35 min, 88%-75%A; 35-50 min, 75%-65%A; 50-60 min, 65%-50%A; 60-65 min, 50%-30%A; 65-70 min, 100%A) and detection wavelength of 235 nm, and the total statistical moments, information entropy and primary feeding amount of fingerprint of medicinal materials, decoction pieces and benchmark samples were calculated. Dry extract rate of the benchmark samples, the transfer rates and the addition parameters of medicinal materials-decoction pieces-formulas were calculated. ResultSimilarities of the total statistical moments of UPLC fingerprint of 15 batches of medicinal materials and decoction pieces were>0.89, the relative standard deviations(RSDs) of information entropy of UPLC fingerprint of 12 medicinal materials and decoction pieces were<10%. RSDs of total first-order moment(MCRTT) and information entropy of Shentong Zhuyutang(medicinal materials) were 5.5% and 2.3%, while the RSDs of MCRTT and information entropy of Shentong Zhuyutang(decoction pieces) were 4.8% and 2.6%, respectively. The dry extract rate of 45 batches of Shentong Zhuyutang was 17.2%-20.2%. The transfer rate of medicinal materials to decoction pieces was within the range of data fluctuation, which was 70%-130% of the average value. The overall transfer rates of medicinal materials to decoction pieces and decoction pieces to benchmark samples were 101.8% and 83.0%, respectively. ConclusionThe quality properties of Shentong Zhuyutang benchmark samples can be studied by total statistical moment analysis and primary feeding amount analysis, which can confirm the supramolecular "imprinting template" theory to a certain extent.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 56-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970952

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of chitinase-3-like protein 1 (CHI3L1) and Golgi protein 73 (GP73) in the diagnosis of cirrhosis and the dynamic changes of CHI3L1 and GP73 after HCV clearance in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treated with direct-acting antiviral drugs (DAAs). The comparison of continuous variables of normal distribution were statistically analyzed by ANOVA and t-test. The comparison of continuous variables of non-normal distribution were statistically analyzed by rank sum test. The categorical variables were statistically analyzed by Fisher's exact test and χ(2) test. Correlation analysis was performed using Spearman correlation analysis. Methods: Data of 105 patients with CHC diagnosed from January 2017 to December 2019 were collected. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to study the efficacy of serum CHI3L1 and GP73 for the diagnosis of cirrhosis. Friedman test was used to compare CHI3L1 and GP73 change characteristics. Results: The areas under the ROC curve for CHI3L1 and GP73 in the diagnosis of cirrhosis at baseline were 0.939 and 0.839, respectively. Serum levels of CHI3L1 and GP73 in the DAAs group decreased significantly at the end of treatment compared with baseline [123.79 (60.25, 178.80) ng/ml vs. 118.20 (47.68, 151.36) ng/ml, P = 0.001; 105.73 (85.05, 130.69) ng/ml vs. 95.52 (69.52, 118.97) ng/ml, P = 0.001]. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 in the pegylated interferon combined with ribavirin (PR) group were significantly lower at the end of 24 weeks of treatment than the baseline [89.15 (39.15, 149.74) ng/ml vs. 69.98 (20.52, 71.96) ng/ml, P < 0.05; 85.07 (60.07, 121) ng/ml vs. 54.17 (29.17, 78.65) ng/ml, P < 0.05]. Conclusion: CHI3L1 and GP73 are sensitive serological markers that can be used to monitor the fibrosis prognosis in CHC patients during treatment and after obtaining a sustained virological response. Serum CHI3L1 and GP73 levels in the DAAs group decreased earlier than those in the PR group, and the serum CHI3L1 levels in the untreated group increased compared with the baseline at about two years of follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Fibrosis , Biomarkers
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was aimed at investigating the carrier rate of, and molecular variation in, α- and β-globin gene mutations in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#We recruited 25,946 individuals attending premarital screening from 42 districts and counties in all 14 cities of Hunan Province. Hematological screening was performed, and molecular parameters were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The overall carrier rate of thalassemia was 7.1%, including 4.83% for α-thalassemia, 2.15% for β-thalassemia, and 0.12% for both α- and β-thalassemia. The highest carrier rate of thalassemia was in Yongzhou (14.57%). The most abundant genotype of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia was -α 3.7/αα (50.23%) and β IVS-II-654/β N (28.23%), respectively. Four α-globin mutations [CD108 (ACC>AAC), CAP +29 (G>C), Hb Agrinio and Hb Cervantes] and six β-globin mutations [CAP +8 (C>T), IVS-II-848 (C>T), -56 (G>C), beta nt-77 (G>C), codon 20/21 (-TGGA) and Hb Knossos] had not previously been identified in China. Furthermore, this study provides the first report of the carrier rates of abnormal hemoglobin variants and α-globin triplication in Hunan Province, which were 0.49% and 1.99%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates the high complexity and diversity of thalassemia gene mutations in the Hunan population. The results should facilitate genetic counselling and the prevention of severe thalassemia in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobinopathies/genetics , China/epidemiology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the characteristics and prognosis of acute leukemia(AL) with SET-NUP214 fusion gene.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients over 14 years old newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 positive AL admitted in Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital from August 2017 to May 2021 were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 17 SET-NUP214 positive patients, 13 cases were diagnosed as T-ALL (ETP 3 cases, Pro-T-ALL 6 cases, Pre-T-ALL 3 cases, Medullary-T-ALL 1 case), AML 3 cases (2 cases M5, 1 case M0) and ALAL 1 case. Thirteen patients presented extramedullary infiltration at initial diagnosis. All 17 patients received treatment, and a total of 16 cases achieved complete remission (CR), including 12 cases in patients with T-ALL. The total median OS and RFS time were 23 (3-50) months and 21 (0-48) months, respectively. Eleven patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT), with median OS time of 37.5 (5-50) months and median RFS time of 29.5 (5-48) months. The median OS time of 6 patients in chemotherapy-only group was 10.5 (3-41) months, and median RFS time of 6.5 (3-39) months. The OS and RFS of patients with transplantation group were better than those of chemotherapy-only group (P=0.038). Among the 4 patients who relapsed or refractory after allo-HSCT, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene did not turn negative before transplantation. While, in the group of 7 patients who have not relapsed after allo-HSCT till now, the SET-NUP214 fusion gene expression of 5 patients turned negative before transplantation and other 2 of them were still positive.@*CONCLUSION@#The fusion site of SET-NUP214 fusion gene is relatively fixed in AL patients, often accompanied by extramedullary infiltration. The chemotherapy effect of this disease is poor, and allo-HSCT may improve its prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Acute Disease , Prognosis , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/therapy , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins
10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 698-704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986197

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand ten-year changes in clinical characteristics and antiviral treatment patterns of chronic hepatitis B in China. Methods: Patients with chronic HBV infection:demographic, virologic, hematologic, blood biochemistry, and antiviral treatment data were extracted from the China Registry of Hepatitis B (CR-HepB) database between 2012 and 2022 for descriptive statistics and change trend analysis. Multiple group comparisons were conducted using the Kruskal Wallis H test, while counting data was compared between groups using χ (2) test. Results: A total of 180 012 patients with chronic HBV infection were included, with a median age of 40 years old, and a male proportion accounting for 60.2%. The HBeAg positive rate was 43.3%. Over time, the median age of new patients each year increased from 39 to 47 years, while the HBeAg positive rate decreased from 51.3% to 32.8%. The initial diagnosis of patients was mainly CHB (71.4%), followed by hepatitis B cirrhosis (11.8%), inactive HBsAg carrier status (10.6%), and chronic HBV carrier status (6.2%). Among the newly registered patients every year from 2012 to 2022, the proportion of hepatitis B cirrhosis remained stable, but after 2019, the proportion of CHB increased and the proportion of other diagnoses decreased. The proportion of patients with cirrhosis increased with age in different age groups, with 3.5%, 19.3%, and 30.4% in the < 40, 40-69, and≥70 age groups, respectively. The proportion of women in patients with cirrhosis also increased with age, from 16.1% in those < 30 years old to 44.3% in those≥80 years old. From 2012 to 2022, the proportion of patients receiving first-line nucleos(t)ide analog antiviral treatment increased year by year, from 51.0% in 2012-2013 to 99.8% in 2022. Conclusion: The CR-HepB registration data reflect the changes in clinical characteristics and antiviral treatment patterns in patients with chronic HBV infection in China over the past ten years and can thus provide a reference to promote hepatitis B diagnosis and treatment practice, as well as scientific research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B, Chronic/epidemiology , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis A , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , China/epidemiology , Registries , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , DNA, Viral
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 692-697, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986196

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the occurrence of recompensation conditions in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis after entecavir antiviral therapy. Methods: Patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis with ascites as the initial manifestation were prospectively enrolled. Patients who received entecavir treatment for 120 weeks and were followed up every 24 weeks (including clinical endpoint events, hematological and imaging indicators, and others) were calculated for recompensation rates according to the Baveno VII criteria. Measurement data were compared using the Student t-test or Mann-Whitney U test between groups. Categorical data were compared by the χ (2) test or Fisher's exact probability method between groups. Results: 283 of the 320 enrolled cases completed the 120-week follow-up, and 92.2% (261/283) achieved a virological response (HBV DNA 20 IU/ml). Child-Pugh and MELD scores were significantly improved after treatment (8.33 ± 1.90 vs. 5.77 ± 1.37, t = 12.70, P < 0.001; 13.37 ± 4.44 vs. 10.45 ± 4.58, t = 5.963, P < 0.001). During the 120-week follow-up period, 14 cases died, two received liver transplants, 19 developed hepatocellular cancer, 11 developed gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, and four developed hepatic encephalopathy. 60.4% (171/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months) and 56.2% (159/283) (no decompensation events occurred for 12 months and improved liver function) of the patients had achieved clinical recompensation within 120 weeks. Patients with baseline MELD scores > 15 after active antiviral therapy achieved higher recompensation than patients with baseline MELD scores ≤15 [50/74 (67.6%) vs. 109/209 (52.2%), χ (2) = 5.275, P = 0.029]. Conclusion: Antiviral therapy can significantly improve the prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus-related decompensated cirrhosis. The majority of patients (56.2%) had achieved recompensation. Patients with severe disease did not have a lower probability of recompensation at baseline than other patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Treatment Outcome , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hepatitis B/drug therapy
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 673-676, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986191

ABSTRACT

Previously, liver lesions in cirrhosis were considered irreversible, especially because the condition aggravated gradually after entering the decompensated phase, thus making it difficult to return to the compensated phase. At present, more and more evidence shows that some patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis can be recompensated after the cause is controlled and complications are managed. This article explores the research progress related to LC reversal and recompensation from three aspects: liver histopathology, liver function, and clinical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 385-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986142

ABSTRACT

Chinese Society of Hepatology and Chinese Society of Infectious Diseases, Chinese Medical Association update the guidelines for the prevention and treatment of chronic hepatitis B (version 2022) in 2022. The latest guidelines recommend more extensive screening and more active antiviral treating for hepatitis B virus infection. This article interprets the essential updates in the guidelines to help deepen understanding and better guide the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B virus , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Gastroenterology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985484

ABSTRACT

The establishment of limit values for standards of drinking water quality is an important and complex process. This study systematically introduced the methodology of the establishment of standard limit values for drinking water quality and elaborated on the workflow of setting limit values of water quality indicators, principles and methods of selecting water quality indicators, derivation of safety reference values, and establishment of limit values. It also aimed to provide reference and support for the future revision of relevant standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Water Supply , Drinking Water , Reference Standards , Water Quality , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985482

ABSTRACT

China is rich in antimony, boron, and vanadium mineral resources, which have been detected in environmental water bodies and drinking water. During the revision process of the "Standards for Drinking Water Quality (GB5749-2006)", research and evaluation are focused on three indicators: antimony, boron and vanadium. Vanadium is added and the limit value of boron is adjusted. This study reviews and discusses the technical contents related to the revision of the antimony, boron and vanadium, including the environmental presence levels, exposure status, health effects, and the revision of the standard limits of these three indicators. Suggestions are also made for the implementation of this standard.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antimony , Boron/analysis , China , Drinking Water , Vanadium , Water Pollutants, Chemical/analysis
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 464-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984745

ABSTRACT

Conventional tumor culture models include two-dimensional tumor cell cultures and xenograft models. The former has disadvantages including lack of tumor heterogeneity and poor clinical relevance, while the latter are limited by the slow growth, low engraftment successful rate, and high cost. In recent years, in vitro three-dimensional (3D) tumor models have emerged as the tool to better recapitulate the spatial structure and the in vivo environment of tumors. In addition, they preserve the pathological and genetic features of tumor cells and reflect the complex intracellular and extracellular interactions of tumors, which have become a powerful tool for investigating the tumor mechanism, drug screening, and personalized cancer treatment. 3D tumor model technologies such as spheroids, organoids, and microfluidic devices are maturing. Application of new technologies such as co-culture, 3D bioprinting, and air-liquid interface has further improved the clinical relevance of the models. Some models recapitulate the tumor microenvironment, and some can even reconstitute endogenous immune components and microvasculature. In recent years, some scholars have combined xenograft models with organoid technology to develop matched in vivo/in vitro model biobanks, giving full play to the advantages of the two technologies, and providing an ideal research platform for individualized precision therapy for specific molecular targets in certain subtypes of tumors. So far, the above technologies have been widely applied in the field of colorectal cancer research. Our research team is currently studying upon the application of patient-derived tumor cell-like clusters, a self-assembly 3D tumor model, in guiding the selection of postoperative chemotherapy regimens for colorectal cancer. A high modeling success rate and satisfactory results in the drug screening experiments have been achieved. There is no doubt that with the advancement of related technologies, 3D tumor models will play an increasingly important role in the research and clinical practice of colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organoids/pathology , Cell Culture Techniques , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
17.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 103-106, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935917

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA can be cleared from the blood circulation by direct antiviral treatment to achieve sustained virologic response (SVR). Studies have shown that SVR after direct antiviral therapy can reduce the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma; however, monitoring for hepatocellular carcinoma is still needed. This review briefly summarizes and discusses the existing studies on the possible causes of hepatitis C secondary to HCC after antiviral therapy, which is mainly divided into epigenetic alterations and abnormal DNA methylation, HCV-related cirrhosis and abnormal DNA amplification, HBV reactivation, several aspects of occult HCV infection, and the effect of direct antiviral treatment on hepatocellular carcinoma recurrence. In few cases, direct antiviral treatment cannot completely prevent the occurrence and recurrence of hepatitis C-related hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, its mechanism needs to be studied and explored, and clinicians should also approach it with caution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/etiology , Sustained Virologic Response
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928738

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the toxicity management and efficacy evaluation of BCMA-chimeric antigen receptor T cells(CART) in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The efficacy and adverse reactions of 21 patients with MM who received BCMA-CART treatment at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from December 2017 to September 2020 were evaluated, and the efficacy assessment and survival analysis for high-risk patients and non-high-risk patients were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#After infusion of BCMA-CART cells in 21 MM patients, the number of effective cases was 17, of which the complete remission (sCR/CR) was 10, and the partial remission (VGPR/PR) was 7. The median OS time for all patients was 19.4 months, and the median PFS time was 7.9 months. The number of patients with extramedullary disease(EMD), high-risk genetics, and ISS stage Ⅲ were 5, 15 and 8, and the effective number was 3, 11 and 6, respectively. The treatment of 3 patients without high-risk factors was effective. The median OS and median PFS of patients with EMD were 14.2 and 2.5 months, respectively, which were shorter than those of patients without EMD (19.4 months and 8.9 months, respectively). The median OS and median PFS of patients with high-risk cytogenetic factors and ISS Ⅲ were not significantly different from those of non-high-risk patients. Cytokine release syndrane (CRS) occurred in 20 patients, of which 14 cases were Grade 1 CRS, while 6 were Grade 2, no CRS of Grade 3 or above occurred. IL-6 receptor inhibitors were used in 9 patients. All CRS were controlled effectively, and no patients had neurological toxicity.@*CONCLUSION@#BCMA-CART is a certain curative effect in the treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma, and the adverse reactions can be well controlled through close monitoring and timely treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Cell Maturation Antigen , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/adverse effects , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Remission Induction
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015786

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that harms human health. In spite of significant progress in our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis, the prognosis for patients with colon cancer remains poor. Ubiquilin-2 (UBQLN2) is a member of the ubiquitin family, actively implicated in the degradation of misfolded and redundant proteins through the ubiquitin-proteasome system and macroautophagy. However, the role and mechanism of UBQLN2 in colon cancer are not clear. This study was designed to explore the role of UBQLN2 in colon cancer and whether the Wnt pathway is involved. IHC and Western blotting analysis showed lower UBQLN2 expression in colon cancer tissues and cells (P<0. 05), and exhibited a negative correlation of UBQLN2 expression with clinical stage and lymph node metastasis (P< 0. 05). CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry demonstrated that UBQLN2 expression could inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis (P<0. 05). Western blotting analysis reveals that suppression of UBQLN2 enhances Bcl-2 expression but inhibits Bax and Wnt signaling. Taken together, these results showed that UBQLN2 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells through suppressing the Wnt signaling pathway.

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