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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873746

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the distribution and changing trend of canine echinococcosis in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide the scientific evidence for prevention and control of canine echinococcosis in high-risk areas of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Methods All data pertaining to Echinococcus infections in canine feces and sampling survey of human echinococcosis were collected from the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and the prevalence of Echinococcus infections was investigated in dogs and humans. In addition, the spatial distribution characteristics and clusters of canine echinococcoses were identified. Results A total of 164 139 canine fecal samples were detected in the echinococcosis-endemic foci of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, and there were 2 136 fecal samples positive for Echinococcus coproantigens. The positive rates of Echinococcus coproantigens were 0.54% to 1.73% in dogs from 2012 to 2018, with a tendency towards a decline seen in the prevalence of Echinococcus infections in dogs (χ2 = 108.83, P < 0.01), and there was a significant difference in the positive rate of Echinococcus coproantigens in dogs among years (χ2 = 155.27, P < 0.01). Three-dimensional trend analysis showed that canine echinococcosis was mainly concentrated in east of central Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and a high prevalence was detected in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. The global spatial distribution of canine echinococcosis appeared a random pattern in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018 (Moran’s I > 0, P > 0.05), and there were “high-high” and “high-low” clusters of canine echinococcosis in local areas. The prevalence of human echinococcosis was 0.08%, and there was a significant difference in the prevalence among regions (χ2 = 147.61, P < 0.01), with a high prevalence seen in West Ujimqin Banner, Jarud Banner and New Barag Right Banner. In addition, the prevalence of human echinococcosis correlated positively with the Echinococcus coproantigen-positive rate in dogs (r = 0.52, P < 0.01). Conclusions The prevalence of Echinococcus infections shows an overall tendency towards a decline in dogs in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2018, with a high prevalence found in New Barag Right Banner and Sonid Right Banner. Human echinococcosis is concentrated in clusters of canine echinococcosis, where health education and targeted control interventions requires to be intensified.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of human echinococcosis in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, so as to provide evidence for the development of the precision control strategy of human echinococcosis in the region. Methods A sampling survey of human echinococcosis was conducted in 28 banners (counties, districts) of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2017, and the epidemiological characteristics were descriptively analyzed. Results A total of 90 058 residents were examined for echinococcosis in 28 banners (counties, districts) of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2012 to 2017, and 71 patients were detected with echinococcosis, with a detection rate of 0.08%. No echinococcosis cases were identified in 8 banners (counties), and there were 6 banners (counties) with echinococcosis prevalence of 0.1% to 1%, and 14 with prevalence of 0 to 0.1%. The echinococcosis prevalence was significantly greater in women (0.11%) than in men (0.05%) (χ2 = 10.09, P = 0.001), and the highest prevalence was detected in patients at ages of over 50 years (38 cases, 53.52%). In addition, the highest echinococcosis prevalence was detected in herdsmen (0.14%), or in primary school children (0.13%). Conclusions Human echinococcosis is widely, but lowly prevalent in Inner Mongolia Region, with a diverse density of infections. Echinococcosis has remarkable characteristics of regional and population clusters in Inner Mongolia Region, and the management of echinococcosis requires to be reinforced in key regions and populations.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821649

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the spatial distribution patterns and changing tendency of reported echinococcosis patients in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2013 to 2018, so as to provide the evidence for the management of echinococcosis in high-risk areas. Methods All data pertaining to echinococcosis patients in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region were captured from the National Notifiable Communicable Disease Reporting System from 2013 to 2018 and analyzed using a spatial epidemiological method. Results The incidence of reported echinococcosis was 0.22 to 0.41 per 100 000 in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from 2013 to 2018, and the number of banner reporting echinococcosis patients increased from 24 in 2013 to 39 in 2018. The highly prevalent areas of echinococcosis were mainly concentrated in West Ujimqin Banner (the highest incidence, 19.23 per 100 000), East Ujimqin Banner (the highest incidence, 12.93 per 100 000) and New Barag Right Banner (the highest incidence, 11.66 per 100 000). Three-dimensional trend analysis showed that the areas with high incidence of reported echinococcosis were mainly located in central by eastern parts of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. There was a positive spatial autocorrelation in the number of echinococcosis patients, and the cases appeared a clustering distribution (Moran’s I > 0, P < 0.05), with “high-high” and “low-high” regions. Conclusion The reported echinococcosis patients show a spatial aggregation in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and the hotspot areas are mainly concentrated in Xilingol League and Chifeng City, in which targeted control interventions for Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region are recommended to be intensified.

4.
China Medical Equipment ; (12): 84-86, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706481

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Levornidazole and sodium chloride injection in treating patients with bacterial liver abscess. Methods: 94 patients with bacterial liver abscess who need anti-anaerobion treatment were enrolled in this study. And all of them were divided into observation group (47 cases) and control group (47 cases). The patients of observation group received intravenous drip infusion of Levornidazole and sodium chloride injection, while patients of control group received intravenous drip infusion of Omidazole injection. The dosage of two groups was 0.5g, 2 times/d, 5-10d per a course. The clinical efficiency, bacteriology efficiency and the occurrence rate of adverse reaction between two groups were compared and researched. Results: The differences of clinically effective rate and clearance rate of bacteria between observation group (95.74% and 93.33%) and control group (89.36% and 88.23%) were not significant (x2=0.62, x2=1.30, P>0.05). The difference of average hospital stay time between observation group (13.47 d) and control group (14.86 d) also was no significant (t=0.96, P>0.05). After the drug therapy, the occurrence rates of adverse reactions, included of gastrointestinal reaction, anaphylaxis and abnormal liver function, of observation group was no significantly lower than that of control group (x2=0.26, x2=0.51, x2=0.51, P>0.05). While the adverse reaction rate of central nervous system of observation group (0) was significant lower than that of control group(14.89%) (x2=5.56, P<0.05). Conclusion: Levornidazole treating the bacterial liver abscess can obtain significant efficacy and safety, and it has higher clinical application value.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 599-603, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262561

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation was developed to address the systematic underestimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation in patients with relatively well-preserved kidney function. Performance of the new equation in the Chinese population is unknown. The goal of the present study was to compare performance of these two equations in Chinese patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We enrolled 450 Chinese patients (239 women and 211 men) with CKD in the present study. The renal dynamic imaging method was used to measure the referenced standard GFR (rGFR) for comparison with estimations using the two equations. Their overall performance was assessed with the Bland-Altman method and receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Performance of the two equations in lower and higher estimated GFR (eGFR) subgroups was further investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both eGFRs correlated well with rGFR (r = 0.88, 0.81, P < 0.05). In overall performance, the CKD-EPI equation showed less bias, higher precision and improved accuracy, and was better for detecting CKD. In the higher-eGFR subgroup, the CKD-EPI equation corrected the underestimation of GFR by the abbreviated MDRD equation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The CKD-EPI equation outperformed the abbreviated MDRD equation not only in overall performance but also in the subgroups studied. For the present, the CKD-EPI equation appears to be the first-choice prediction equation for estimating GFR.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Physiology , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Male , Middle Aged , Models, Theoretical
6.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2008; 29 (9): 1235-1240
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-90231

ABSTRACT

This study was performed in China Medical University Shenyang, China from September 2007-February 2008. The design of the study was to modify DCs with GPC3 and to be used to activate human T cells and elicit a cell-mediated immune response against HepG2 in vitro. The GPC3 gene expression was identified by western blot and immunocytochemistry. The proliferation of responder cells and cytotoxicity against HepG2 were examined by water-soluble tetrazolium salt -1 and lactate dehydrogenase assay respectively. The interferon-y [IFN-gamma] secreted was detected by ELISA assay. Both Western blot and immunocytochemical analysis assured the validity of GPC3 transfection. Glypican3 modified DCs were potent in inducing responder cells proliferation and IFN-gamma production. The cytotoxicity in the group of GPC3 transfected DCs were [38.90 +/- 0.95%] at the ratio of effector cells/target cells E/T:100:1, 30.83 +/- 1.24% at the ratio of E/T:50:1, and 23.84 +/- 0.65% at the ratio of E/T:10:1, respectively [which is significant compared with other groups, p<0.001]. And the GPC3 modified DCs showed ability to induce high specific cytotoxicity against HepG2 in vitro. The effector cells stimulated with DCs that were transfected with pEF-hGPC3 plasmid could effectively lyse GPC3 expressing HepG2 cells, which suggested that those genetically engineered DCs have the potential to serve as novel vaccine for HCC


Subject(s)
Humans , Dendritic Cells , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/therapy , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/immunology , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Interferon-gamma , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680153

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the urban population hyperlipidemia and chronic kidney disease relationship by epidemiological studies.Methods 800 health examiners were randomly investigation.To determine these blood pressure,height,weight;to determine these urinary albumin and creatinine in urine,serum creatinine,serum total cholesterol,triglyceride,high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.To calculate glomerular filtration rate and urinary albu- min and creatinine ratio according to serum creatinine.Diagnastic criteria of CKD was eGFR30mg/g and lasted three months or more.Results 238 patients with high blood lipids was found,the overall prevalence rate was 29.75 %,patients with high blood lipids compared with the normal popula- tion.the incidence of renal injury rates were respectively 15.13 % and 9.07 %.Kidney damage rates were respective- ly 19.69% and 9.91% in the hypercholesterolemia with and without obese patients.Conclusion Hyperlipidemia has become particularly important etiology of CKD.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350968

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search for glucosidase inhibitors of various fractions extracted from mulberry leaves.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The constituents of mulberry leaves water fraction were prepared by the process of boiling, condensing, precipitating, exchanging with resins and rinsing. In vitro glucosidase inhibitory activities were examined by photometric bioassay derived from rats. To investigate in vivo effect of lowering blood glucose, the mouse blood glucose level was assayed by glucose tolerance experiments.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The glucosidase inhibitory activities were found in all the constituents of alkaloids, flavones and amyloses, the alkaloid constituent being the strongest.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The effect of reducing blood glucose of mulberry leaves is related to the inhibitory activities against glucosidase of different constituents.</p>


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Amylose , Pharmacology , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Flavones , Pharmacology , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Morus , Chemistry , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , alpha-Glucosidases , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676583

ABSTRACT

50 days),whereas third party skin grafts were vigorously rejected.Conclusion Blockade of CD28-B7 and CD40-CD40 ligand interactions resulted in long-term allograft survival and donor-specific tolerance in mouse cardiac transplantation without chronic rejection.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685360

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differential proteomics of ASMC stimulated by wild IL-13 and mutant IL-13 and to investigate the relations of protein profiles of ASMC to asthma and possible targets for the treatment of bronchial asthma.Methods The total proteins of ASMC stimulated by wild IL-13 and mutant IL-13 were separated by immobilized pH gradient(IPG)-based 2-DE and the differentially expressed protein spots were identified by matrix assisted laser desorption-time of flight mass spectrometry(MALDI-TOF-MS). Results The 2-DE detected approximately(840?21)spots on wild IL-13 samples and(892?17)spots on mutant IL-13 samples(n=3)and(685?19)spots matched.Six significantly differential proteins were subjected to MALDI-TOF-MS analysis and three of them were identified as stathmin 1,Ribosomal protein p~0 and NADH dehydrogenase.Conclusions ASMCs stimulated by wild IL-13 and mutant IL-13 present different proteomic profiles that may shed some light on the mechanism for the asthma causing effect of wild IL-13 and mutant IL-13.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684440

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new method, capillary electrophoresis(CE) based on molecular beacon(MB),for rapid detection of polymerase chain reaction(PCR).To explor the roles of the IL-13 gene exon4 A2044G single nucleiotide polymorphism(SNP) in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma.Methods The IL-13 exon 4 was amplified by PCR with genomic DNA used as templates from 20 healthy persons and 32 patients with dominantly allergic familial history living in the north of china.Then separating the amplification with capillary electrophoresis followed by hybridization of molecular beacons into the PCR product which were sequenced in the end. Results Detected with CE-MB method,there was significant difference in the distribution of A/G in IL-13exon 2044,A allele frequency was higher in asthma compared with normal controls,same as sequencing. Conclusion The method of capillary electrophoresis based on molecular beacon(MB-CE) is able to be developed as a clinical detecting method for genetic variation diseases.IL-13 A2044G SNP is important in the asthmatic mechanism.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676724

ABSTRACT

The effect of 1-deoxynojirimycin(DNJ)on the proliferation of rat mesangial cells was observed and its mechanism was explored.The results showed that DNJ significantly inhibited the proliferation of rat mesangial cells induced by high glucose in time-and dose-dependent manners.DNJ significantly decreased expressions of?-smooth muscle action(?-SMA),integrin?1 mRNA and protein and focal adhesion kinase (FAK)protein stimulated by high glucose in rat mesangial cells(P

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