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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888045

ABSTRACT

Lycii Cortex, the dry root bark of Lycium barbarum(Solanaceae), is rich in chemical compositions with unique structures, such as organic acids, lipids, alkaloids, cyclopeptides and other components, and plays an important role in traditional Chinese medicine. It has the effect of cooling blood and removing steam, clearing lung and reducing fire. It is mainly used in the treatment of hot flashes due to Yin deficiency, hectic fever with night sweat, cough, hemoptysis and internal heat and diabetes. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that the crude extract or monomer of Lycii Cortex has a variety of pharmacological activities, such as hypoglycemic, hypotensive, hypolipidemic, antibacterial, and antiviral effects. In this paper, the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Cortex Lycii were reviewed in order to further clarify its effective substances, promote the development of medical undertakings, and ensure the "Healthy China" plan.


Subject(s)
China , Hypoglycemic Agents , Lycium , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Bark
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879017

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of water extracts of Asplenium ruprechtii were investigated. Five compounds were isolated by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatographies and preparative HPLC, and their structures were identified by various spectral analyses as aspleniumside G(1), trans-p-coumaric acid(2), trans-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(3), cis-p-coumaric acid 4-O-β-D-glucoside(4), and(E)-ferulic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside(5). Among them, compound 1 is a new 9,19-cycloartane glycoside.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glucosides , Glycosides , Triterpenes
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1012-1018, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop an automated chimeric analysis and reporting platform based on short tandem repeat (STR) and capillary electrophoresis methods for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) so as to improve work efficiency.@*METHODS@#Apache, MySQL, PHP and HTML5 were used to build the database and interface. The STR locus geno typing and chimeric analysis logic and flow were set up on the basis of STR rules and capillary electrophoresis. STR genotyping and 194 times of chimeric testing data of 100 patients after allo-HSCT were used to test the platform for automatic STR locus genotyping, chimeric calculation and report generation.@*RESULTS@#The established platform could realize the functions of STR locus customization, STR genotype determination, automatic chimeric analysis, and detection information database management, which can automatically generate an integrated report including multiple sequential chimeric results and trend graphs for the same patient and can be accessed and used simultaneously by different users through different browser interfaces. The results of automated analysis by the platform are completely consistent with that of manual analysis by experienced technicians, and the possibility of manual analysis error is reduced through automation. The time required for automatic analysis using this platform is approximately 1/6-1/5 of manual analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The automatic analysis platform built in this study is operation stable and reliable in analysis results, which can improve work efficiency and report connotation, thus worthing popularized and applicable.


Subject(s)
Electrophoresis, Capillary , Genotype , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats , Tissue Donors
4.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 570-576, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821827

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe role of human tumor-related calcium signal transductor 2 (TACSTD2) in promoting tumorigenesis has been noticed recently. We predicted the molecular structure and biological function of TACSTD2 by bioinformatic methods, in order to provide reference for further study of TACSTD2.MethodsThe homo sapiens TACSTD2 mRNA and protein amino acid sequences were obtained from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database. The bioinformatic methods were used to analyze the open reading frame(ORF) of TACSTD2, physicochemical properties, signal peptide and protein localization, subcellular localization, and prediction of transmembrane structure and secondary structure, tertiary structure, potential protein modification sites, domains, protein modification sites proteins, protein interacting with TACSTD2, biological functions of TACSTD2, and expression of TACSTD2 in human normal tissues and certain tumor types.ResultsAccording to the mRNA sequence of TACSTD2, there are 12 ORFs, and the longest is ORF1, with a total of 972bp, encoding 323 amino acids. The hydrophilic amino acid of TACSTD2 is more than that of hydrophobic amino acid, indicating that TACSTD2 belongs to hydrophilic protein. TACSTD2 is a highly conserved alkaline secreted protein with a transmembrane region both inside and outside the cytoplasm. The presence of nuclear localization signal(NLS) in the amino acid sequence of TACSTD2 suggests that TACSTD2 can locate in cell nucleus. TACSTD2 mainly distribute in cytoplasmic membrane, extracellular, nucleus and cytoplasm. The secondary structure prediction results showed that the main structure of TACSTD2 was random coil, followed by a α helix. TACSTD2 has 15 serine modification sites, 17 threonine modification sites, and 8 tyrosine modification sites. The TACSTD2 has protein interactions with Claudin(CLDN) protein family; and participating in signaling pathway such as cell surface receptor, cell proliferation, negative regulation of epithelial cell migration, and so on. Comparing with normal human tissues, its mRNA expression is up-regulated in most tumor types such as cervical cancer, lung cancer, thyroid cancer, uterine cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer.ConclusionAccording to the analysis of the structure and function of TACSTD2, TACSTD2 is highly-expression in multiple malignancies. It can participate in the process of proliferation, migration and adhesion of malignant tumor cells through cell surface receptor signaling pathways. This study provide reference for the further research about the function of TACSTD2.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 570-576, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821810

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe role of human tumor-related calcium signal transductor 2 (TACSTD2) in promoting tumorigenesis has been noticed recently. We predicted the molecular structure and biological function of TACSTD2 by bioinformatic methods, in order to provide reference for further study of TACSTD2.MethodsThe homo sapiens TACSTD2 mRNA and protein amino acid sequences were obtained from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database. The bioinformatic methods were used to analyze the open reading frame(ORF) of TACSTD2, physicochemical properties, signal peptide and protein localization, subcellular localization, and prediction of transmembrane structure and secondary structure, tertiary structure, potential protein modification sites, domains, protein modification sites proteins, protein interacting with TACSTD2, biological functions of TACSTD2, and expression of TACSTD2 in human normal tissues and certain tumor types.ResultsAccording to the mRNA sequence of TACSTD2, there are 12 ORFs, and the longest is ORF1, with a total of 972bp, encoding 323 amino acids. The hydrophilic amino acid of TACSTD2 is more than that of hydrophobic amino acid, indicating that TACSTD2 belongs to hydrophilic protein. TACSTD2 is a highly conserved alkaline secreted protein with a transmembrane region both inside and outside the cytoplasm. The presence of nuclear localization signal(NLS) in the amino acid sequence of TACSTD2 suggests that TACSTD2 can locate in cell nucleus. TACSTD2 mainly distribute in cytoplasmic membrane, extracellular, nucleus and cytoplasm. The secondary structure prediction results showed that the main structure of TACSTD2 was random coil, followed by a α helix. TACSTD2 has 15 serine modification sites, 17 threonine modification sites, and 8 tyrosine modification sites. The TACSTD2 has protein interactions with Claudin(CLDN) protein family; and participating in signaling pathway such as cell surface receptor, cell proliferation, negative regulation of epithelial cell migration, and so on. Comparing with normal human tissues, its mRNA expression is up-regulated in most tumor types such as cervical cancer, lung cancer, thyroid cancer, uterine cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer.ConclusionAccording to the analysis of the structure and function of TACSTD2, TACSTD2 is highly-expression in multiple malignancies. It can participate in the process of proliferation, migration and adhesion of malignant tumor cells through cell surface receptor signaling pathways. This study provide reference for the further research about the function of TACSTD2.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771677

ABSTRACT

Chorismate synthase(CS, EC:4.2.3.5) catalyses 5-enolpyruvy-shikimate-3-phosphate to form chorismate, which is the essential enzyme for chorismate biosynthesis in organisms. The amino acid sequences of CS from 79 species of higher plants were reported in GenBank at present. 125 amino acid sequences of CS from Baphicacanthus cusia and other 78 species of plants were predicted and analyzed by using various bioinformatics software, including the composition of amino acid sequences, signal peptide, leader peptide, hydrophobic/hydrophilic, transmembrane structure, coiled-coil domain, protein secondary structure, tertiary structure and functional domains. The phylogenetic tree of CS protein family was constructed and divided into eight groups by phylogenetic analysis. The homology comparison indicated that B. cusia shared a high homology with several plants such as Sesamum indicum, Nicotiana tabacum, Solanum tuberosum and so on. The open reading frame(ORF) of all samples is about 1 300 bp, the molecular weight is about 50 kDa, the isoelectric point(pI) is 5.0-8.0 which illustrated that CS protein is slightly basic. The ORF of CS we cloned in B. cusia is 1 326 bp, the amino acid residues are 442, the molecular weight is 47 kDa and pI is 8.11. The CS in B.cusia showed obvious hydrophobicity area and hydrophilicity area, no signal peptide, and may exists transmembrane structure areas. The main secondary structures of CS protein are random coil and Alpha helix, also contain three main structural domains which are an active structural domain, a PLN02754 conserved domain and a FMN binding site. The acquired information in this study would provide certain scientific basis for further study on structure-activity relationship and structure modification of CS in plants in the future.


Subject(s)
Acanthaceae , Amino Acid Sequence , Computational Biology , Phosphorus-Oxygen Lyases , Chemistry , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Protein Structure, Secondary
7.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 764-770, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693981

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the molecular mechanism by which YY1 associated factor 2(YAF2) up-regulates cyclin D1 expression in tumor cells as well as the effect of YAF2-cyclin D1 regulatory loop on tumor cell prolifera-tion. Methods Overexpression and knockdown experiments combined with Western blot and real-time quantitative PCR were used to detect the expression of YAF2 and cyclin D1;Dual luciferase reporter assay was performed to in-vestigate the effect of YAF2 on cyclin D1 promoter activity;Flow cytometry analysis was carried out to elucidate the effect of YAF2 on cell cycle progression through targeting cyclin D1;Colony formation assay was employed to deter-mine cell proliferation under different YAF2 and cyclin D1 expression level. Results YAF2 upregulated the ex-pression of cyclin D1 at both the mRNA(P<0.05) and protein level;YAF2 activated the promoter activity of cyc-lin D1 (P<0.05);YAF2 silencing increased significantly the proportion of cells in G0/G1phase(P<0.0001) and reduced the proportion of cells in S phase by regulating cyclin D1 (P<0.002); YAF2 facilitated the cell colony formation via targeting cyclin D1(P<0.05). Conclusions In tumor cells,YAF2 promotes the expression of cyclin D1,and enhances cell cycle progression and cell proliferation.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1075-1078, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL-6), stimulates the metastasis of several neoplasms. An association of its serum level and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1800795 with neuroblastoma (NB) has been reported in American and Italian cohorts. This study was to clarify whether the same association exists in Chinese children.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 130 NB patients, with 77 boys (59%), 53 girls (41%), mean age 41 ± 5 months, were assigned to two groups: high risk (HR) versus intermediate-low risk (non-HR), and 50 healthy children were randomly selected as the age- and gender-matched controls. Peripheral blood samples were analyzed to determine serum IL-6 level using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and rs1800795 SNPs phenotype using polymerase chain reaction and gene sequencing.</p><p><b>Results</b>There were 87 NB patients in the HR group and 43 NB patients in the non-HR group. A comparison of allele and genotype frequencies of the rs1800795 polymorphism between patients and controls found no association with NB risk (P > 0.05). The frequency of GG+GC genotype was higher in HR-NB patients than in non-HR-NB patients (64.4% vs. 48.8%, P = 0.02), and serum IL-6 level was much higher in HR-NB patients with GG+GC genotype than in HR-NB patients with CC genotype (4.36 ± 1.1 pg/ml vs. 1.83 ± 0.5 pg/ml; P = 0.02), but not in Non-HR-NB patients.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>The polymorphism rs1800795 is associated with serum IL-6 level and level of NB risk. GG genotype might indicate that the tumor is highly malignant (prone to metastasis) and associated with poor prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Child, Preschool , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Genetics , Male , Neuroblastoma , Blood , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812060

ABSTRACT

The saponin ginsenoside Rk1 is a major compound isolated from ginseng. Ginsenoside Rk1 has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor properties and to be involved in the regulation of metabolism. However, the effect and mechanism of anti-inflammatory action of ginsenoside Rk1 has not been fully clarified. We investigated whether ginsenoside Rk1 could suppress the inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages and to explore its mechanism of the action. RAW264.7 cells were treated with LPS (1 μg·mL) in the absence or the presence of Ginsenoside Rk1 (10, 20, and 40 μmol·L). Then the inflammatory factors were tested with Griess reagents, ELISA, and RT-PCR. The proteins were analyzed by Western blotting. Ginsenoside Rk1 inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced expression of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1. Ginsenoside Rk1 inhibited the lipopolysaccharide-stimulated phosphorylation of NF-κB and janus kinase (Jak)2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat)3 at Ser727 and Tyr705. These data suggested that ginsenoside Rk1 could inhibit expression of inflammatory mediators and suppress inflammation further by blocking activation of NF-κB and the Jak2/Stat3 pathway in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Janus Kinase 2 , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Lipopolysaccharides , Pharmacology , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
10.
Chinese Hospital Management ; (12): 22-24, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706566

ABSTRACT

Hierarchical diagnosis and treatment is the top priority of health care reform,it will provide a solid institutional foundation and institutional protection for the construction of healthy China and the basic health care system.The paper summarizes the present practice of the hierarchical diagnosis and treatment in China,and analyzes the existing problems,on this basis puts forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions as the references for the construction of hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and deepening reform.

11.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 871-874, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694272

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the nasal examination procedures for preliminary medical selection of pilot cadets,to reduce the use of medicine for nasal congestion,to simplify the workflow and to improve the efficiency.Methods In the course of recruiting pilots,all the 306 candidates in seven districts of a province were selected and randomly divided into the exercise-first group (n =166) and the spraying-first group (n =140).In the exercise-first group,the nasal cavity of the students was observed under the anterior rhinoscope at three time points:before exercise/spraying,after simple exercise,and after exercise/spraying(exercise first).In the second group,the nasal cavity was observed under the anterior rhinoscope at three time points:before exercise/spraying,after simple spraying,and after exercise/spraying(spraying first).Conclusions were drawn after nasal examination,and the percentage of clear conclusions in each group was statistically analyzed.Results In the case of simple exercise or simple nasal spraying,clear conclusions could be drawn about most of the candidates.There was no significant difference between the simple nasal spraying group and simple exercise group in the rate of clear conclusions.Conclusion During the preliminary recruitment of pilot students,the exercise method can be used to shrink the nasal cavity.For a few candidates whose conclusions cannot be drawn after exercise,nasal spray can be added to reduce congestion improve efficiency,and reduce the use of nasal congestion,thus reducing the indireet damage to candidates.During the re-check and final check,the nasal spray agent can be used to reduce the congestion and at the same time fast squatting 50 times in two minutes can be used as a the nasal cavity contraction method.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275464

ABSTRACT

To compare the amino acid metabolic profiling in urine of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normal Wistar rats, and investigate the regulatory effect of extract from Coreopsis tinctoria on blood pressure and amino acid metabolic profiling in SHR. Right aged SHR and Wistar rats were housed to fit the new environment for 2 weeks. After that, their systolic pressure(SBP), diastolic pressure(DBP) were measured and urine was collected. Amino acids profiles for SHR and Wistar rats were acquired by using AQC precolumn derivatization HPLC-fluorescence method, and then partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA) was applied to facilitate differentiation and determine metabolic differences between collected samples from two groups of rats. Consequently, 40 SHR were randomly divided into 5 groups: model group, high, middle, low dosage groups of C. tinctoria extract (3.2, 1.6,0.8 g•kg⁻¹), and captopril group (4 mg•kg⁻¹). They were treated for 4 weeks by ig administration, and then their urine samples were collected to determine the amino acid metabolic profiling in various groups. After treatment for 4 weeks, as compared with Wistar group, serine, alanine, tyrosine, and cystine in the amino acid metabolic profiling were significantly increased in SHR group. As compared with SHR model group, threonine and methionine were decreased significantly in captopril group (P<0.01); amino acid metabolism was changed to different degrees in high, middle, and low dosage groups of C. tinctoria extract, and the threonine in low dose group was significantly decreased (P<0.01); serine and threonine were decreased (P<0.05), and valine, methionine and lysine were significantly decreased (P<0.01) in middle dose group; threonine, valine, methionine and lysine were significantly decreased in large dose group (P<0.01). The results showed that middle and high doses of extract from C. tinctoria could significantly improve disturbance of amino acid metabolism, help to further clarify the drug property research of C. tinctoria, and provide data support for amino acid metabolic pathway abnormalities in hypertension patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230056

ABSTRACT

Baoyuan decoction (BYD) is a classical Chinese formula for coronary heart disease with Qi deficiency, blood stasis tonifying Qi and Yang deficiency. However, the chemical material basis and underlying action mechanisms of BYD still lack systemic study. In order to clarify the active compounds and the potential action mechanisms of BYD, the oxygen-glucose deprivation/recovery (OGD/R)-induced H9c2 cells injury models was used to screen the monomeric compounds of BYD with myocardial protection activity. PubChem's BioAssay database was then used to analyze the potential targets of active monomeric compounds, classify the predicted biological targets, and analyze the internal relation between active compounds of BYD and biological targets. The screening results showed that BYD aqueous extract and 17 monomeric compounds could significantly increase the survival rate of OGD/R-induced H9c2 myocardial cells. The results of virtual targets screening study showed that 15 monomeric compounds and the potential mechanisms for myocardial protection were related to oxidative stress pathway, calcium ion pathway, mitochondrial protection, anti-apoptosis, etc. These results verified that BYD had myocardial protection effect, which was obtained by network regulation of multi-components and multi-targets. All these results provide the theoretical basis and references for the clinical usage of BYD in treatment of coronary heart disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272707

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of plant protein and animal protein on amino acid metabolism spectrum of Qi and Yin deficiency type 2 diabetic rats. 110 male SD rats were randomly divided into blank group (n=10), diabetic model group (n=20), disease-symptoms group (n=80). The rats of blank group received ordinary feeding, while other groups were fed with high sugar and fat diets. During the whole process of feeding, rats of disease-symptoms group were given with Qingpi-Fuzi (15.75 g•kg⁻¹) once a day through oral administration. Five weeks later, the rats were given with a low dose of STZ (40 mg•kg⁻¹) by intraperitoneal injection to establish experimental diabetic models. Then the models were randomly divided into disease-symptoms group 1 (Qi and Yin deficiency diabetic group, 15.75 g•kg⁻¹), disease-symptoms group 2 (plant protein group, 0.5 g•kg⁻¹), disease-symptoms group 3 (animal protein group, 0.5 g•kg⁻¹), disease-symptoms group 4 (berberine group, 0.1 g•kg⁻¹). The drugs were given for 4 weeks by gavage administration. After 4 weeks of protein intervention, the abdominal aortic blood was collected and serum was isolated to analyze its free amino acid by using AQC pre-column derivatization HPLC and fluorescence detector. Four weeks after the protein intervention, plant protein, animal protein and berberine had no obvious effect on body weight and blood sugar in type 2 diabetic rats. As compared with animal protein group, histidine and proline(P<0.01), serine, glycine, threonine, alanine, tyrosine, valine, methionine, bright+isoleucine, phenylalanine and lysine(P<0.05)changed a lot in rats serum of plant protein group.The results showed that gavage administration of protein would produce effects on amino acid metabolism of Qi and Yin deficiency type 2 diabetic SD rats. Symbolic differential compounds could be found through metabonomics technology, providing experimental basis for early warning of type 2 diabetes and diagnosis of Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1135-1136, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637825

ABSTRACT

?Smart phones as a symbol of the mobile Internet appears in college classroom, which is not only a challenge, but also a great opportunities of education information. This paper applied smart phones as the carrier of the Internet into ophthalmology classroom. Smart phones has a lot of features, such as rich teaching resources, diverse learning methods, flexible learning time, collating and recording capabilities and the timely, comprehensive and accurate teaching feedback so on, and could be used in case teaching and interactive teaching. The implementation of smart phones into ophthalmology classroom could inspire the learning enthusiasm of the students, enhance the quality of teaching, eventually improve teaching effects.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 472-476, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357977

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Infections remain a major cause of therapy-associated morbidity and mortality in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the medical charts of 256 children treated for ALL under the CCLG-2008 protocol in Beijing Children's Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 65 infectious complications in 50 patients during vincristine, daunorubicin, L-asparaginase and dexamethasone induction therapy, including microbiologically documented infections (n = 12; 18.5%), clinically documented infections (n = 23; 35.3%) and fever of unknown origin (n = 30; 46.2%). Neutropenia was present in 83.1% of the infectious episodes. In all, most infections occurred around the 15 th day of induction treatment (n = 28), and no patients died of infection-associated complications.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The infections in this study was independent of treatment response, minimal residual diseases at the end of induction therapy, gender, immunophenotype, infection at first visit, risk stratification at diagnosis, unfavorable karyotypes at diagnosis and morphologic type. The infection rate of CCLG-2008 induction therapy is low, and the outcome of patients is favorable.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Daunorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Dexamethasone , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1248-1257, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299142

ABSTRACT

Quantitative NMR (qNMR) is a technology based on the principle of NMR. This technology does not need the references of the determined components, which supplies a solution for the problem of reference scarcity in the quantitative analysis of traditional Chinese medicines. Moreover, this technology has the advantages of easy operation, non-destructiveness for the determined sample, high accuracy and repeatability, in comparison with HPLC, LC-MS and GC-MS. NMR technology has achieved quantum leap in sensitivity and accuracy with the development of NMR hardware. In addition, the choice of appropriate experimental parameters of the pre-treatment and measurement procedure as well as the post-acquisition processing is also important for obtaining high-quality and reproducible NMR spectra. This review summarizes the principle of qHNMR, the various experimental parameters affecting the accuracy and the precision of qHNMR, such as signal to noise ratio, relaxation delay, pulse width, acquisition time, window function, phase correction and baseline correction, and their corresponding optimized methods. Moreover, the application of qHNMR in the fields of quantitation of single or multi-components of traditional Chinese medicines, the purity detection of references, and the quality analysis of foods has been discussed. In addition, the existing questions and the future application prospects of qNMR in natural product areas are also presented.


Subject(s)
Biological Products , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reproducibility of Results
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732935

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe a variety of the toxicity,and the incidence of super-high-dose cyclophosphamide as a main chemotherapy scheme for treating children with high risk neuroblastoma,and to summarize the prevention and cure of the disease.Methods The high risk neuroblastoma patients who were diagnosed in Hematologic Tumor of Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University were selected.And they were received super high dose of cyclophosphamide mainly chemotherapy scheme-CAV (cyclophosphamide,adriamycin and vincristine) more than 2 courses according to BCH-NB-HR(Beijing Children's Hospital-Neuroblastoma-High Risk) scheme.Their clinical symptoms,signs,blood routine and blood biochemistry in 1-2-course of treatment were retrospectively analyzed and summarized.According to WHO anti-cancer drugs in acute and subacute toxicity reaction grading standards,the data were analyzed.Results There were 33 children consistent with the criterion of research,who received 66 times of super-high-dose cyclophosphamide as a main chemotherapy scheme.All of the patients had bone marrow suppression,granulocyte generated Ⅳ grade toxicity 56 (84.8%),white blood cell (< 1.0 × 109/L) Ⅳ grade toxicity was 56 (84.8%),and blood platelet(<25 x 109/L) Ⅳ grade toxicity was 19(28.8%).Hemoglobin(<65 g/L) Ⅳ grade toxicity was 4 (6.06%).The digestive system toxicity including nausea and vomiting toxicity (100.0%).Urogenital system toxicity:Hemorrhagic cystitis only was 1 (1.52%) ;Cardiac Ⅰ-Ⅲ grade toxicity was 3(4.55%).But skin and nervous system toxicity was not observed.No patients died from chemotherapy.Conclusions There is a high incidence of toxicity with super-high-dose of cyclophosphamide as a main chemotherapy scheme,and the highest incidence ineludes bone marrow suppression,digestive tract response and secondary infection.But side effects like hemorrhagic cys-titis,liver,kidney and cardiac toxicity are not significant.Super-high-dose cyclophosphamide chemotherapy scheme is clinically safe under the perfect supportive treatment and rigorous monitoring.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-855087

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the in vitro transdermal absorption characteristics of the free anthraquinones of rhubarb in Dasuan Xiaohuang Pasta (DXP) and investigate the effect of various excipients (vinegar, ginger juice, and vegetable oil) and different compatibilities on rhubarb transdermal characteristics. Methods: Taking rhubarb free anthraquinones, such as aloe emodin, rhein, emodin, chrysophanol, and physcion as indexes, the studies were carried out by in vitro transdermal absorption. Results: The transdermal absorption of free anthraquinones of rhubarb with various excipients and different compatibilities were all zero-order kinetics; Using vinegar as the excipient, the 8 h accumulation permeation amount and transdermal rate of every ingredient were the largest, followed by ginger juice and vegetable oil; In the different compatibility tests, the 8 h accumulation permeation amount and transdermal rate of each ingredient in anagraph were the largest, followed by rhubarb-sodium sulfate and rhubarb-garlic, and the single rhubarb was the lowest. Conclusion: DXP using vinegar shows the best, followed by ginger juice, while vegetable oil shows the worst. Garlic and sodium sulfate show the improvement on transdermal absorption of free anthraquinones of rhubarb, and sodium sulfate shows better effect than garlic.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 299-304, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the molecular genetic abnormalities of N-myc and C-myc, and their clinical pathological implications in pediatric neuroblastic tumors (NTs).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Abnormalities of N-myc were detected by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique in 246 cases of NTs, including neuroblastoma (NB,188 cases), ganglioneuroblastoma (GNB, 52 cases), ganglioneuroma (GN, 6 cases), and their association with the histological typing of the tumors and prognosis was analyzed. Abnormalities of C-myc were detected by FISH in 133 cases of NTs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 246 cases of NTs, N-myc amplification was only found in 27 cases (11.0%, 27/246) of NB, but not in any cases of GNB or GN (P < 0.05). 89.0% (219/246) N-myc non-amplification were found in NTs, and it included N-myc gain in 175 cases (71.1%, 175/246) and normal N-myc in 44 cases (17.9%, 44/246). Univariate analysis indicated significantly (P = 0.012) poorer outcome in patients with N-myc amplification than N-myc non-amplification. However no significant difference was observed between N-myc gain cases and normal N-myc cases (P = 0.057). C-myc gain was found in 74 of 133 cases (55.6%) of NTs; no C-myc amplification or translocation was detected. Forty percent (6/15) of cases with N-myc amplification and 57.6% (68/118) of cases with N-myc non-amplification were accompanied by C-myc gain. The difference between N-myc amplification and non-amplification with C-myc gain was not significant (P > 0.05). Univariate analysis indicated that the outcome difference was not statistically significant between C-myc gain cases and normal C-myc cases (P = 0.357).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The incidence of N-myc amplification only found in NB is low in pediatric NTs in China. Patients with N-myc amplification predict poorer outcome. No amplification or translocation of C-myc is detected in NTs, whereas C-myc gain is relatively common in NTs. There is no obvious association between N-myc amplification and C-myc gain.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Ganglioneuroblastoma , Genetics , Pathology , Ganglioneuroma , Genetics , Pathology , Gene Amplification , Genes, myc , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Infant , Male , Mediastinal Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Neuroblastoma , Genetics , Pathology , Survival Rate
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