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China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 407-411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923208


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status and association of anxiety, depression, tinnitus and sleep quality in patients with occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). METHODS: A total of 302 ONID patients were selected as research subjects using judgment sampling method. Their status of anxiety, depression, tinnitus and sleep quality were investigated using questionnaires of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, Self-Rating Depression Scale, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. RESULTS: Among the study subjects, there were 123 cases with no anxiety or depression, 46 cases with simple anxiety or depression, and 133 cases with combined anxiety and depression, accounting for 40.7%, 15.3% and 44.0%, respectively. The incidence of tinnitus and sleep disorder were 77.8%(235/302) and 48.0%(145/302), respectively. The total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality in simple anxiety or depression group were higher than those with no anxiety or depression(all P<0.01). The total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality in combined anxiety and depression group were higher than that with no anxiety and depression, and simple anxiety or depression group(all P<0.01). Among the research subjects, the incidence of tinnitus and sleep disorder from high to low were combined anxiety and depression group, simple anxiety or depression group, and no anxiety and depression group(tinnitus: 85.7% vs 76.1% vs 69.9%, sleep disturbance: 82.0% vs 37.0% vs 15.5%, all P<0.01). The standard scores of anxiety and depression in ONID patients were positively correlated with the total scores of tinnitus and sleep quality(correlation coefficients were 0.63, 0.72, 0.63, 0.69, all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: ONID patients can be accompanied by varying degrees of anxiety and depression. The existence of anxiety and depression may lead to increased tinnitus and decreased sleep quality in ONID patients.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772244


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate cognitive dysfunction in patients with carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and potential risk factors related to cognitive-especially memory-dysfunction.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven patients with carotid artery stenosis were recruited into our study cohort. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) were adopted to assess cognitive function, the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) to assess memory function, high-resolution MRI and enhanced ultrasound to evaluate carotid plaques, and computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging to evaluate intracranial blood perfusion. Single-factor analysis and multiple-factor regression analysis were used to analyze potential risk factors of cognitive impairment.@*RESULTS@#Mini-Mental State Examination test results showed that 22 patients had cognitive impairment, and MoCA test results showed that 10 patients had cognitive impairment. Analysis of various risk factors indicated that the average memory quotient of female patients was higher than that of males (P = 0.024). The cognitive and memory performance of those with an educational background above high school were significantly better than those of participants with high school or lower (P = 0.045). Patients with abnormal intracranial perfusion performed worse on the MMSE test (P = 0.024), and their WMS scores were significantly lower (P = 0.007). The MMSE scores and the memory quotients were significantly lower in patients with a history of cerebral infarction (MMSE, P = 0.047, memory quotient score, P = 0.018).@*CONCLUSION@#A history of cerebral infarction and abnormal cerebral perfusion are associated with decline in overall cognitive function and memory in patients with carotid stenosis. Being female and having an educational background above high school may be protective factors in the development of cognitive dysfunction.

Adult , Aged , Carotid Stenosis , China , Epidemiology , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction , Epidemiology , Psychology , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Memory , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests , Risk Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318020


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To express soluble HA of A/H1N1 influenza virus in drosophila S2 cell line and identify its bio-activity.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HA gene was amplified from A/Shenzhen/71/09 virus strain using RT-PCR, then we constructed pAC5.1-HA expression vector, which was co-transfected into S2 cell with pCoblast vector. After transfection, stable S2 cell was selected through Blasticindin. HA in the supernatant was identified with Western Blot assay and purified with Ni-column. Recombinant HA was immunized into BALB/c mice 3 times, and the Abs titers were evaluated with ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We successfully cloned HA gene with 1.7 x 10(3) bp of A/Shenzhen/71/09 virus strain and got recombinant pAC5. 1-HA expression vector. Stable S2 cell line was established after transfection and selection, which continuously expressed HA with molecular weight 75 x 10(3) D. After immunization with HA, the Abs titers were 1:1280 and 1: 5120 respectively on 10 d, 30 d.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>We expressed soluble HA with good bio-activity, which contributed to research on immune diagnosis, subunit vaccine, and monoclonal Abs for influenza.</p>

Animals , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Drosophila , Female , Gene Expression , Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Genetics , Metabolism , Influenza, Human , Virology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Solubility