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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1594-1597, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980561

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the current situation of myopia in a primary school in Jinhua city and the intervention effect of knowledge, belief and practice.METHODS: From September to December 2022, a total of 1 482 primary school students who met the inclusion criteria were selected for myopia test and education intervention based on cluster sampling method. The questionnaire was designed based on relevant references. The main contents of the questionnaire include students' general information, low vision and knowledge, belief and practice before and after intervention and prevention of myopia.RESULTS: A total of 1 482 primary school students were investigated and tested, among which myopia was detected out of 657 students, with a myopia rate of 44.33%. Specifically, mild myopia accounted for 54.64%(359); moderate myopia accounted for 23.90%(157); severe myopia accounted for 21.46%(141). A total of 1 468 valid questionnaires were collected before intervention, and 1 457 valid questionnaires were collected after intervention. The overall knowledge rate of myopia prevention and control knowledge before intervention was 62.57%(7348/11744), and it was 81.20%(9465/11656)after intervention, with statistical significance before and after intervention was statistically significant(P<0.001). The behavior attendance rate before intervention was 82.48%(9687/11744), and it was 93.73%(10925/11656)after intervention, with statistical significance comparison before and after intervention(P<0.001).CONCLUSION: The results of this survey showed that the myopia situation of primary students in Jinhua city was not optimistic, and some students were not aware of prevention knowledge and correct behavior before intervention. After intervention, the knowledge, belief and practice of myopia prevention and control have achieved remarkable results.

2.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 459-468, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982205

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) versus systemic thrombolysis (ST) in the treatment of pulmonary embolism (PE).@*METHODS@#The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and Embase databases were searched to collect the literature on the comparison of the results of CDT and ST in the treatment of PE from the beginning of their records to May 2020, and meta-analysis was performed by STATA software (version 15.1). Using standardized data-collection forms, the authors screened the studies and independently extracted data, and assessed the quality of the studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies. Cohort studies that examined the following results were included in the current study: in-hospital mortality, all-cause bleeding rate, gastrointestinal bleeding rate, intracranial hemorrhage rate, the incidence of shock, and hospital length of stay.@*RESULTS@#A total of eight articles, with 13,242 participants, involving 3962 participants in the CDT group and 9280 participants in the ST group were included. CDT compared with ST in the treatment of PE can significantly affect in-hospital mortality rate [odds ratio (OR) = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.30-0.56, P < 0.05], all-cause bleeding rate (OR = 1.20, 95% CI: 1.04-1.39, P = 0.012), gastrointestinal bleeding rate (OR = 1.43, 95% CI: 1.13-1.81, P = 0.003), the incidence of shock (OR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.37-0.57, P < 0.05), and hospital length of stay [standard mean difference (SMD) = 0.16, 95% CI: 0.07-0.25, P < 0.05]. However, there was no significant effect on intracranial hemorrhage rate in patients with PE (OR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.47-1.03, P = 0.070).@*CONCLUSIONS@#CDT is a viable alternative to ST in the treatment of PE, as it can significantly reduce in-hospital mortality rate, all-cause bleeding rate, gastrointestinal bleeding rate, and incidence of shock. However, CDT may prolong hospital length of stay to a certain extent. Further research is needed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of CDT and ST in the treatment of acute PE and other clinical outcomes.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.


Subject(s)
Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970520

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Guanxinning Tablets+conventional western medicine in the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, and provide evidence-based references for clinical medication. Retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, randomized controlled trial(RCT) about Guanxinning Tablets for the treatment of angina pectoris of coronary heart disease from the inception to April 2022 were collected. After literature screening and data extraction, the bias risk assessment tool recommended by the Cochrane evaluation manual handbook 5.1.0 was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature, and RevMan 5.3 and Stata 14.0 were used for Meta-analysis. Eighteen RCTs were finally included, involving 2 281 patients. Meta-analysis showed that, compared with conventional western medicine treatment alone, Guanxinning Tablets+conventional western medicine significantly improved angina pectoris efficacy(RR=1.33, 95%CI[1.13, 1.57], P=0.000 8), electrocardiogram efficacy(RR=1.32, 95%CI[1.02, 1.71], P=0.03), and exercise duration(MD=59.53, 95%CI[39.16, 79.90], P<0.000 01) and reduced the incidence of cardiovascular events(MACE)(RR=0.43, 95%CI[0.30, 0.61], P<0.000 01), high sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)(MD=-2.75, 95%CI[-3.71,-1.79], P<0.000 01), and endothelin-1(ET-1) levels(MD=-9.34, 95%CI[-11.36,-7.32], P<0.000 01). There was no statistically significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between two groups(RR=0.91, 95%CI[0.68, 1.22], P=0.52). Subgroup analysis showed that Guanxinning Tablets may have better short-term efficacy(less than 6 months) in the treatment of heart-blood stasis syndrome. GRADE grading showed that angina pectoris efficacy, electrocardiogram efficacy, MACE, and ET-1 were in the medium grade, hs-CRP and adverse reactions were in the low grade, and exercise duration was in the extremely low grade. In conclusion, the efficacy of Guanxinning Tablets+conventional western medicine is better than conventional western medicine treatment alone, with good safety. Therefore, it is recommended for the short-term treatment of patients with heart-blood stasis syndrome. However, the evidence quality of some results is low, and more rigo-rous RCT is still needed to enhance the reliability of evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Reproducibility of Results , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Angina Pectoris/drug therapy , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Tablets
5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 619-625, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014125

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of Fuganlin on airway remodeling in obese asthmatic mice and its mechanism.Methods A model of chronic airway inflammation in C57 BL/6 mice with obese asthma induced by OVA and high-fat diet was established,and treated with Fuganlin 5.86,11.72 and 23.44 g·kg-1 by gavage.After the last challenge,the respiratory system resistance(Rrs),respiratory system elasticity(Ers),and respiratory system compliance(Crs)were measured with a lung function oscillator; the total number of white blood cells in whole blood was measured; tissue HE and MASSON staining were employed to observe the pathological changes.ELISA was used to detect the levels of IgE in serum and the levels of TGF-β1,Smad3 and SP in lung tissues; IHC was used to detect the expression levels of Smad3,SARA and protein in lung tissues.Results Fuganlin reduced the increase in the number of white blood cells in blood and inhibited the content of IgE in serum.Fuganlin could reduce the Rrs and Ers,enhance the Crs and regulate the respiratory function.Histopathological results showed that Fuganlin could reduce inflammatory cell infiltration and collagen deposition in the chronic airway inflammation model of obese mice,and inhibit bronchial mucosal proliferation; ELISA results showed that Fuganlin inhibited the expression of TGF-β1,Smad3,and SP; IHC results showed that Smad3 and SARA protein expression decreased.Conclusions The anti-obesity asthma effect of Fuganlin may help to improve respiratory function,control airway inflammation,and antagonize airway remodeling.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912874

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mechanism of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion in Crohn disease (CD) treatment by observing the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on protein expressions of colonic M2 macrophage marker CD206, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) 2. Methods: Twenty-six specific pathogen free male rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group and a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group. The CD model was prepared by enema with the mixture of 5% (W/V) 2,4,6- trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and 50% ethanol at 2:1 (volume ratio). After the model was successfully prepared, rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group received herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion at Qihai (CV 6) and bilateral Tianshu (ST 25). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of rat colon; immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of colonic CD206 protein; Western blot, immunofluorescence, and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) technologies were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2. Results: Compared with the normal group, rats in the model group showed damaged colonic mucosa, missing of the epithelial layer, thickened submucosa, vascular proliferation, massive infiltration of monocytes and lymphocytes, and cracked ulcers that reached the muscle layer. Rats in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion group showed reduced intestinal inflammation and healing intestinal epithelium ulcers. Compared with the normal group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression, and the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2 were decreased in the model group (all P<0.01); compared with the model group, rat colonic CD206 protein expression was increased (P<0.01), as well as the protein and mRNA expressions of AMPK and TSC2 in the herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can reduce intestinal inflammation in CD rats, increase colonic CD206 protein expression, and up-regulate the protein and mRNA expressions of colonic AMPK and TSC2.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887530

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#The aims of this study were to establish weight change, incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and cardiovascular risk factors (CvRF) in liver transplant recipients (LTRs).@*METHODS@#Eighty-three patients whose mean (standard deviation [SD]) age was 55.6 (8.4) years (median follow-up 73 months) and who underwent their first liver transplantation (LT) at Singapore General Hospital between February 2006 and March 2017 were included in the study. Anthropometric, clinical and demographic data were collected retrospectively from patients' medical records. Diabetes mellitus (DM), hyperlipidaemia and hypertension were regarded as CvRF.@*RESULTS@#Compared to baseline, mean (SD) body weight decreased significantly at 1 month post-LT (60.8kg [11.9] versus 64.3kg [13.7], @*CONCLUSION@#CvRF increased significantly post-LT, and NAFLD occurred in 25.3% of LTRs. Body weight dropped drastically within the first month post-LT, which then returned to baseline level just before the end of first year. This novel finding suggests that nutritional intervention needs to be tailored and individualised, based on events and time from transplant. Although long-term obesity is a significant problem, aggressive oral or enteral nutritional supplements take precedence in the early and immediate post-LT period, while interventions targeted at metabolic syndrome become necessary after the first year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Liver Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Singapore/epidemiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-149, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941250

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the medication compliance for secondary prevention drugs and long-term prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between hospitals in different regions of China. Methods: The Optimal Antiplatelet Therapy for Chinese Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (OPT-CAD) study was a prospective, multi-center and registered study. Patients diagnosed as ACS and underwent PCI in OPT-CAD study were selected. Taking the Yangtze River as the dividing line between the south and the north of China, these patients were divided into two groups according to the hospitals where the patients visited, namely the southerns region group (n=1 958) and the northerns region group (n=5 091). In order to reduce selection bias and potential confounding factors, the patients in the two groups were matched by the tendency score, and the patients in the two groups were matched by the 1: 1 nearest match method according to the tendency score. The main endpoint of this study was the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) occurring within 5 years after discharge, namely the composite endpoint of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and/or ischemic stroke. Secondary endpoints were all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and type 2, 3, and 5 bleeding events defined by the Academic Research Consortium on Hemorrhage (BARC) within 5 years. The secondary preventive drugs was recorded, including antiplatelet drugs, statins, beta blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensinⅡreceptor blockers (ACEI/ARB), etc. Before and after the matching, the secondary preventive medication and the incidence of clinical events of the two groups were compared. Results: A total of 7 049 ACS patients, including 1 958 patients in the southern region group and 5 091 patients in the northern region group were enrolled in this study. There were 5 319 males (37.9%), and the aged was (60.7±6.7) years. After propensity score matching, there were 1 324 cases in each group. Before matching, in the northern region group, the proportion of smoking, hypertension and diabetes, previous history (myocardial infarction, PCI and stroke) and family history of coronary heart disease were higher (all P<0.05). The proportion of complex lesions, diffuse lesions, small vessel lesions and thrombotic lesions in the northern region group was higher than that in the southern region group (all P<0.05). Sixty months after discharge, the antiplatelet patterns were quite different between patients in the northern and southern region group (P<0.001). The proportion of clopidogrel monotherapy in the southern region group was higher than that in the northern region group (9.8% (130/1324) vs. 1.1% (14/1324)), while the proportion of aspirin monotherapy in the northern region group was higher than that in the southern region group (67.4% (893/1324) vs. 46.5% (616/1324)). As for the use of other secondary prophylactic drugs, the proportion of patients in southern region group receiving beta blockers (24.5% (325/1324) vs. 16.8% (222/1324), P<0.001) and ACEI/ARB (19.4% (257/1324) vs. 10.0% (133/1324), P<0.001) was higher than that in northern region group. After matching, the incidence of MACCE (8.4%(111/1 324) vs.6.2% (82/1 324), P=0.030) and BARC 2, 3 and 5 bleeding (6.0% (80/1 324) vs. 4.0% (53/1 324), P=0.020) was higher in patients in northern region group. Conclusions: ACS patients who undergo PCI in northern area hospital is at higher prevalence of comorbidities and complicated coronary artery lesions compared to patients in the southern area hospital, and the drug compliance is worse than that in southern area, and the prognosis is also relatively poor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , China , Medication Adherence , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Prospective Studies , Secondary Prevention , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of protein kinase D1 (PKD1) on the growth and metabolism of oral squamous cell carcinoma HSC-4 cells and related molecular mechanisms in the tumor microenvironment.@*METHODS@#HSC-4 cell lines were transfected with shRNA plasmids. Three groups (Wild, control-shRNA, and PKD1-shRNA) were cultured under acidic or hypoxic environment for a certain time. Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related and glycolytic-related proteins. The proliferation changes were detected by CCK-8 kits.@*RESULTS@#The PKD1-knockdown HSC-4 cell line was established. PKD1 silencing increased autophagy activity. Under hypoxic and acidic conditions, the PKD1-knockdown HSC-4 cells showed lower proliferation than the parental cells. PKD1-knockdown also decreased the expression of hypoxia induciblefactor 1α (HIF-1α) and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Under hypoxic and acidic conditions, PKD1 gene silencing can increase apoptotic autophagy activity. Downregulated PKD1 gene expression can reduce the glycolysis of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells and inhibit tumor cell proliferation. This study revealed the important role of PKD1 in the metabolism and growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma, making it a possible target for the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Mouth Neoplasms , Protein Kinases , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781373

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the role of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in regulating the growth, apop-tosis, and drug sensitivity of the squamous carcinoma cell line SCC-25.@*METHODS@#The SCC-25 cell line was transfected with either the control-shRNA or PKD1-shRNA plasmids. The stable transfected cells were selected, and the efficiency of PKD1 knockdown was detected by Western blot. The growth and apoptosis of SCC-25 were analyzed with a cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) and flow cytometry. The 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of paclitaxel in the control and PKD1 knockdown cell lines were detected by CCK-8. The expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2, and P-gp were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#PKD1 was constitutively expressed and phosphorylated in various cancer cell lines. Inhibiting the expression of PKD1 in SCC-25 cells by RNA interference could inhibit the growth and promote the apoptosis of SCC-25 cells via downregulating Bcl-2 expression. Additionally, inhibiting PKD1 expression could downregulate the expression of P-gp, thereby decreasing both the IC50 and resistance index of paclitaxel.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PKD1 plays an important role in regulating the biobehavior of SCC-25. It is a potential therapeutic target for oral squamous carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Mouth Neoplasms
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1461-1466, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799963

ABSTRACT

Background@#Low handgrip strength (HS) and declining gait speed (GS) are increasingly obvious with aging, requiring effective, and safe medication for treatment. Trimetazidine (TMZ) modified release tablets, a common anti-angina drug, has potential benefits for alleviating the condition, but this has not yet been fully studied and therefore is the aim of this study.@*Methods@#This is a prospective randomized controlled study. Fifty-eight eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of two study groups: TMZ group or control group. For the TMZ group, a dose of 35 mg of oral TMZ will be administered with a meal twice a day for 3 months, in addition to any conventional treatments for angina. Only conventional treatments for angina will be administrated in the control group. The primary outcome will be the 6-min walking distance and the secondary outcomes will be: muscle strength (HS and pinch strength), GS, muscle endurance (five times sit-to-stand test), balance maintenance (tandem standing test), and the frequency of angina per week. Additionally, body mass index, circumferences (biceps, waist, hip, and calf), albumin levels, and the score on a five-question scale for sarcopenia will be obtained during the study.@*Discussion@#This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of TMZ in a population with poor muscle function. The results may provide an effective and safe medical treatment to people with low muscle strength or physical performance.@*Trial registration@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800015000; www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=25445.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1461-1466, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Low handgrip strength (HS) and declining gait speed (GS) are increasingly obvious with aging, requiring effective, and safe medication for treatment. Trimetazidine (TMZ) modified release tablets, a common anti-angina drug, has potential benefits for alleviating the condition, but this has not yet been fully studied and therefore is the aim of this study.@*METHODS@#This is a prospective randomized controlled study. Fifty-eight eligible patients will be randomly assigned to one of two study groups: TMZ group or control group. For the TMZ group, a dose of 35 mg of oral TMZ will be administered with a meal twice a day for 3 months, in addition to any conventional treatments for angina. Only conventional treatments for angina will be administrated in the control group. The primary outcome will be the 6-min walking distance and the secondary outcomes will be: muscle strength (HS and pinch strength), GS, muscle endurance (five times sit-to-stand test), balance maintenance (tandem standing test), and the frequency of angina per week. Additionally, body mass index, circumferences (biceps, waist, hip, and calf), albumin levels, and the score on a five-question scale for sarcopenia will be obtained during the study.@*DISCUSSION@#This study aims to evaluate the usefulness of TMZ in a population with poor muscle function. The results may provide an effective and safe medical treatment to people with low muscle strength or physical performance.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800015000; www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=25445.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina, Stable , Drug Therapy , Muscle, Skeletal , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Trimetazidine , Therapeutic Uses , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of salvianolate in elderly patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP).@*METHODS@#A prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled multicenter trial in elderly patients with UAP from 13 third-grade class-A hospitals in China was performed. A total of 318 patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group (160 patients) and a control group (158 patients). The experimental group was treated with salvianolate for 14 days on the basis of conventional medicine, and the control group was given a placebo for 14 days with the same criteria. Follow-up was lasted 28 days in both groups. The primary endpoint was biweekly frequency of angina pectoris attacks. The secondary endpoints included biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, angina pectoris severity and duration, myocardial injury markers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), as well as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Safety was assessed according to adverse events and serious adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. Compared with those in the control group, the frequency of biweekly angina attacks (2.92 vs . 4.08, P=0.025), the biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, as well as the severity and duration of angina attacks (P<0.01) were reduced by salvianolate. The Seattle Angina Questionnaire score was also significantly improved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between the two groups with respect to the incidence of MACEs. Salvianolate was well tolerated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salvianolate appear to have efficacy and well tolerated for elderly patients with UAP. [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03037047].

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the level of blood pressure control in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) of China in order to provide guidance for the prevention and treatment of CHD.@*METHODS@#The patients with CHD were retrospectively collected from 2011~2014 in PLA General Hospital and Hainan Branch Hospital. Then analyzed the difference of blood pressure compliance rate between different surgical methods percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG), secondary preventive drugs(aspirin, clopidogrel, nitrates, trimetazidine, nicorandil, hypotensor, hypoglycemic, lipid-lowering drugs) and lifestyle(smoking, drinking, exercise).@*RESULTS@#①Effects of surgical methods on blood pressure:Male's systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP) in the CABG group were lower in the PCI group and control group, and female's DBP in the CABG group were lower in the PCI group. ②Usage rate of secondary prevention drugs:usage rate of trimetazidine, calcium antagonist, β-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) and angiotensin receptor antagonist (ARB) in hypertension group were higher than in normal blood pressure group. ③ Lifestyle condition:compliance rate of blood pressure in the smoking group was lower than that in the non smoking group. And there was no significant difference in blood pressure compliance rate among whether drinking and doing exercise or not.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Blood pressure control in patients with CHD was still not satisfied. Compared with PCI, CABG may be more beneficial in the control of blood pressure in patients with CHD. Smoking cessation and improving the usage rate of secondary preventive drugs are still the main means of blood pressure control.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , China , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Disease , Drug Therapy , General Surgery , Life Style , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772467

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of saliva of patients with chronic periodontitis (CPD) on the differentiation, activation, and secretion of osteoclast-maturing mediators of macrophages.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 saliva samples were collected from healthy donors (n=20) and severe periodontitis patients (n=20). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and THP-1 monocyte line cells were challenged with 15% saliva for 5 days. The phenotype, surface marker, and phagocytosis of macrophages were analyzed by flow cytometry and microscopy. Osteoclast-maturing mediators were assayed by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits.@*RESULTS@#When PBMCs were treated with CPD saliva for 5 days, 61.25%±11.33% of cells were transformed into large granular cells; 86.78%±13.69% of large granular cells were identified as CD14⁺⁺CD16⁺ macrophages. When THP-1 cells were treated with CPD saliva, most cells attached to the bottom of cell culture plates, thereby exhibiting macrophage morphology and releasing additional osteoclast-maturing mediators. Furthermore, the phagocytosis of THP-1 cells considerably increased in the presence of CPD saliva (66.35%±9.67%) compared with medium control (33.33%±7.52%), or healthy saliva (40.71%±3.52%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Saliva from patients with CPD can induce macrophage differentiation, activate phagocytose microorganisms, and secrete osteoclast-maturing mediators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Differentiation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Macrophages , Monocytes , Periodontitis , Allergy and Immunology , Saliva
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 669-677, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266928

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The clinical significance of metabolic syndrome (MS) score, MS, and its individual components with respect to risk prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate whether and to what extent MS score, MS, and its individual components were related to the risk of CAD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 1191 participants who underwent coronary angiography for the confirmation of suspected myocardial ischemia, 858 were included in this study according to the inclusion criteria from September 2010 to June 2013. MS was diagnosed with the 2005 National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. The severity of coronary atherosclerosis was assessed by Gensini score.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results showed that the age- and sex-adjusted odds ratios (OR s) for CAD were as follows: MS score, 1.327; MS, 2.013; elevated waist circumference, 1.447; reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 1.654; and elevated fasting glucose, 1.782; all P < 0.05; whereas for elevated triglycerides, 1.324, and elevated blood pressure, 1.342, both P > 0.05. After multivariate adjustment, results showed that only MS and elevated fasting glucose were significantly associated with CAD (OR, 1.628, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.151-2.305, P = 0.006 for elevated fasting glucose, and OR, 1.631, 95% CI, 1.208-2.203, P = 0.001 for MS). The study showed that only MS score and elevated fasting glucose were significantly associated with Gensini score (standardized coefficient, 0.101, P = 0.031 for elevated fasting glucose and standardized coefficient, 0.103, P = 0.009 for MS score).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The present study demonstrated that MS score, MS, and its individual components might have different contributions to CAD prevalence and severity. MS and elevated fasting glucose were independent risk factors for the prevalence of angiographic CAD whereas MS score and elevated fasting glucose were significantly associated with the severity of CAD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Metabolism , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Pathology , Fasting , Blood , Lipoproteins, HDL , Blood , Metabolic Syndrome , Epidemiology , Metabolism , Pathology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Triglycerides , Blood
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This investigator-initiated randomized, controlled trial recruited 88 patients with stable GOLD stage IV COPD, who were randomized into 4 equal groups to continue oxygen therapy (control group) or to receive inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (IMT-NPPV group), inspiratory muscle training only (IMT group), or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation only (NPPV group) for at least 8 weeks. The outcomes of the patients were assessed including the quality of life (SRI scores), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximum expiratory pressure (MEP), dyspnea (MRC scores), 6-min walking distance (6MWD) and lung function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>s Compared to baseline values, SRI scores, 6MWT and MRC scores increased significantly after 8 weeks in IMT-NPPV, IMT and NPPV groups, and the improvements were significantly greater in IMT-NPPV group than in IMT and NPPV groups (P<0.05 for all). In IMT-NPPV and IMT groups, MIP and MEP increased significantly after the training (P<0.05), and the improvement was more prominent in IMT-NPPV group (P<0.05). No significant changes were found in pulmonary functions in the groups after 8 weeks of treatment (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Inspiratory muscle training followed by non-invasive positive pressure ventilation, compared with inspiratory muscle training or non-invasive positive pressure ventilation alone, can better enhance the quality of life, strengthen the respiratory muscles, improve exercise tolerance and relieve the dyspnea in patients with COPD.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspnea , Therapeutics , Exercise Tolerance , Lung , Noninvasive Ventilation , Physical Conditioning, Human , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Therapeutics , Quality of Life , Respiratory Muscles
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the correlation between resting heart rate (RHR) and blood glucose level in elderly patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) complicated by diabetes mellitus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between April and July, 2011, a total of 1336 outpatients over 60 years of age recruited from 165 hospitals were asked to complete a questionnaire and received blood glucose and RHR examination. According to baseline RHR, the patients were divided into 3 groups with HRH <70 min-1 (group I, 372 cases), between 70 and 79 min(-1) (group II, 533 cases), and ≥80 min(-1) (group III, 431cases) for analysis of the relationships of RHR with blood glucose control rate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HbA1c levels in the total, male and female patients differed significantly among the 3 groups (F=15.436, 15.436, and 24.270, respectively, P<0.05), and increased in the order from group I to group III. Blood glucose control rate in the total, male and female patients also differed significantly among the 3 groups (χ(2)=13.471, 6.752, and 6.522, respectively, P<0.05), and was significantly lower in group III than in group I (P<0.05). RHR was found to positively correlate with FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c by Pearson correlation analysis (r=0.058, 0.085, and 0.058, respectively; P<0.05) and multiple linear regression analysis (β=0.075, 0.075, and 0.018, respectively; P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression equation showed that compared with patients with RHR <70 min-1, the total, male and female patients with RHR ≥80 min(-1) had OR values of blood glucose control failure of 1.99 (95% CI: 1.23-2.37, P<0.05), 1.81 (95% CI: 1.17-2.77, P<0.05), and 2.18 (95% CI: 1.12-3.74, P<0.05), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RHR in elderly CHD patients with MD is positively correlated with their blood glucose level, and an increased RHR is associated with an increased risk of poor blood glucose control. Rigorous RHR control in such high-risk patients may prove beneficial for both blood glucose control and secondary prevention of CHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus , Blood , Heart Rate , Logistic Models , Regression Analysis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853528

ABSTRACT

Objective: Simple sequence repeats (SSR) loci information in the transcriptome of Houttuynia cordata was analyzed in this study and the more powerful tools were provided for molecular marker-assisted breeding in this plant. Methods: SSR loci were searched in all 63 954 unigenes by using MISA. SSR loci information was analyzed and SSR primers were designed by Primer 3. Furthermore, 50 pairs of primers were randomly selected for the polymorphic analysis on 16 H. cordata plants collected from different habitats. Results: A total of 4 800 SSRs were found in the transcriptome of H. cordata, which distributed in 4 413 unigenes with the distribution frequency of 7.51%. Tri-nucleotide repeat was the main type, accounted for as much as 41.54% of all SSRs, followed by mono-nucleotide repeat motif (27.35%). The mononucleotide repeat motifs of A/T were the predominant repeat type (27.0%). A total of 3068 pairs of SSR primers were designed by using Primer 3. For validating the availability of those SSR primers, 50 pairs of primers were randomly selected for PCR amplification. Among them, 43 pairs of primers (86.0%) produced clear and reproductive bands, which showed polymorphism, and 16 H. cordata plants collected from different places were divided into two groups by UPGMA. Conclusion: There are numerous SSRs in H. cordata transcriptome with high frequency and various types, this will provide the basis for study on genetic diversity and genetic map for H. cordata.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237934

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop and evaluate the short version of patient reported outcomes (PROs) questionnaire for gastric stuffiness (Wei Pi) patients with modern test theory and technologies, hoping to provide testing tools for related clinical practice and scientific researches with higher quality and less administrative and response burdens.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using descriptive study design, clinical data were collected with sociological questionnaire and previous developed full items version of PROs instrument for gastric stuffiness (Wei Pi) patients via field and online surveys between Sep 2011 and Mar 2012. The statistical analysis group identified the termination parameters firstly, and then selected items with discrimination, fitting residual, item information curve (IIC) , item characteristic curve (ICC), and the rank of computerized adaptive testing (CAT) select proportion, etc. After assumption evaluation of item response theory (IRT), IIC, ICC, difficulty coefficient distribution, items-response relation and thresholds, etc. were used for psychometric evaluation of instrument.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 331 patients [Ages: 31.99 +/- 10.29 yrs; Male: 186 (56.3%)] were enrolled in statistical analysis. The test termination criterion was Max SE = 0.2 or Max items number =16. After items selection, a 15-item short version of instrument, which contains symptoms facet (8 items) and impact facet (7 items) was generated. With good unidimensionality, local independence, and monotonicity, the IC and ICC in IRT analysis showed good working capability of the questionnaire. The difficulty coefficient distribution and items-response relation were also rational, as well as response thresholds.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The short version of PROs instrument for adult gastric stuffiness (Wei Pi) patients was successfully developed and assessed. The instrument with good methodological and reporting quality could be used in clinical and scientific evaluating their symptoms and impact.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Computer Simulation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Psychometrics , Stomach Diseases , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Surveys and Questionnaires
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