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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) infections have raged globally for more than 2 years.China has always adopted scientific and effective prevention and control measures to achieved some success.However, with the continuous variation of SARS-CoV-2 cases and imported cases from abroad, the prevention and control work has become more difficult and complex.With the variation of the mutant strain, the number of cases in children changed, and some new special symptoms and complications were found, which proposed a new topic for the prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children in China.Based on the third edition, the present consensus according to the characteristics of the new strain, expounded the etiology, pathology, pathogenesis, and according to the clinical characteristics and experience of children′s cases, and puts forward recommendations on the diagnostic criteria, laboratory examination, treatment, prevention and control of children′s cases for providing reference for further guidance of effective prevention and treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection in children in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907971

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still worldwide.As a vulnerable group, severe and dead pediatric cases are also reported.Under this severe epidemic situation, children should be well protected.With the widespread vaccination of SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in adults, the infection rate have decreased.Therefore, SARS-CoV-2 vaccine inoculation for children groups step by step is of great significance to the protection of children and the prevention and control of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) as a whole.But the safety of children vaccinated with SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is a main concern of parents.Therefore, in order to ensure the safety of vaccination and the implementation of vaccination work, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health and the Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized experts to interpret the main issue of parents about SARS-CoV-2 vaccine for children, in order to answer the doubts of parents.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907970

ABSTRACT

At present, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2(SARS-CoV-2)infection is still rampant worldwide.As of September 10, 2021, there were about 222 million confirmed cases of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19)and more than 4.6 million deaths worldwide.With the development of COVID-19 vaccines and the gradual vaccination worldwide, the increasing number of cases in children and unvaccinated young people has drawn attention.According to World Health Organization surveillance data, the proportion of COVID-19 infection cases in children gradually increased, and the proportion of cases in the age groups of under 5 years and 5-14 years increased from 1.0% and 2.5% in January 2020 to 2.0% and 8.7% in July 2021, respectively.At present, billions of adults have been vaccinated with various COVID-19 vaccines worldwide, and their protective effects including reducing infection and transmission, reducing severe disease and hospitalization, and reducing death, as well as high safety have been confirmed.Canada, the United States, Europe and other countries have approved the emergency COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 12 to 17 years, and China has also approved the phased vaccination of COVID-19 vaccination in children and adolescents aged 3 to 17 years. For smooth advancement and implementation of COVID-19 vaccination in children, academic institutions, including National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases, National Center for Children′s Health, and The Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association organized relevant experts to reach this consensus on COVID-19 vaccination in children.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 954-957, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911161

ABSTRACT

Gleason grading system is a critical factor for assessing the risk, making treatment decision and evaluating prognosis for patients with prostate cancer. However, it has been reported that concordance rates of Gleason score between biopsy pathology and radical prostatectomy specimen were only39%-63%, whilst postsurgical upgrade and downgrade rates were 30%-55% and 7%-20% respectively. This situation brings difficulties in performing clinical practice. This literature aimed to review relevant and updated studies in literature to summarize the concordance rate and independent predictive factors of Gleason score change from following several aspects: patient clinical characteristics, biopsy-related factors, accuracy of pathologic assignment and interpretation of pathology reports. This review also investigated how the factors influenced the Gleason score change and clinical decision-making. There were many factors influencing the Gleason score change which were roughly consistent with risk factors of prostate cancer, however, some factors were controversial. In order to provide precise evaluation of risk stratification and optimal individualized treatment, it is essential to consider the risk factors which are correlated with Gleason score change.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 596-601,封3-1, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798216

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) and analyze the factors affecting its prognosis.@*Methods@#Retrospectively analyze the case data of 66 patients with chRCC admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from October 2003 to September 2018, including 32 males and 34 females; the average age was (53.9±13.9) years and the age range was 24-85 years. To analyze the clinical symptoms, whether have hypertension, diabetes, tumor characteristics (size, side, location), surgical methods, TNM staging and other clinical features of patients, with disease-free survival (DFS) as the study endpoint. The survival curve was drawed by the kaplan-Meier method. Survival analysis was performed using Log-rank test, and the clinical features of prognosis were analyzed by Cox regression models.@*Results@#Among the 66 patients, the mean diameter of the tumor was (5.4±3.5) cm, 17 cases were ≥7 cm, 49 cases were <7 cm; 48 cases were asymptomatic, and 18 cases were symptomatic; 45 cases in T1, 15 cases in T2, 6 cases in T3; 33 cases were underwent radical nephrectomy, 32 cases were underwent nephron sparing surgery, 1 case was under the therapy of watchful waiting. The median follow-up time was 61 months, and the DFS in 1, 5, and 10 years were 94.6%, 91.3%, and 82.2%, respectively. Log-rank results showed that the maximum diameter of the tumor was related to the T stage and the survival time of the patients (P<0.05). Cox multivariate analysis showed that T stage was an independent risk factor for DFS (HR=8.102, P=0.027).@*Conclusions@#ChRCC is a type of kidney cancer with a good prognosis. Tumor staging is more common in T1 and T2 phases, patients with higher DFS in 5 and 10 years, and T staging is an independent risk factor for DFS in patients.

6.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 596-601,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789119

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical features of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) and analyze the factors affecting its prognosis.Methods Retrospectively analyze the case data of 66 patients with chRCC admitted to Beijing Friendship Hospital,Capital Medical University from October 2003 to September 2018,including 32 males and 34 females;the average age was (53.9 ± 13.9) years and the age range was 24-85 years.To analyze the clinical symptoms,whether have hypertension,diabetes,tumor characteristics (size,side,location),surgical methods,TNM staging and other clinical features of patients,with disease-free survival (DFS)as the study endpoint.The survival curve was drawed by the kaplan-Meier method.Survival analysis was performed using Log-rank test,and the clinical features of prognosis were analyzed by Cox regression models.Results Among the 66 patients,the mean diameter of the tumor was (5.4 ±3.5) cm,17 cases were ≥7 cm,49 cases were <7 cm;48 cases were asymptomatic,and 18 cases were symptomatic;45 cases in T1,15 cases in T2,6 cases in T3;33 cases were underwent radical nephrectomy,32 cases were underwent nephron sparing surgery,1 case was under the therapy of watchful waiting.The median follow-up time was 61 months,and the DFS in 1,5,and 10 years were 94.6%,91.3%,and 82.2%,respectively.Log-rank results showed that the maximum diameter of the tumor was related to the T stage and the survival time of the patients (P < 0.05).Cox multivariate analysis showed that T stage was an independent risk factor for DFS (HR =8.102,P =0.027).Conclusions ChRCC is a type of kidney cancer with a good prognosis.Tumor staging is more common in T1 and T2 phases,patients with higher DFS in 5and 10 years,and T staging is an independent risk factor for DFS in patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614079

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effect of Qiye Shenan tablet combined with sumatriptan in the treatment of middle-aged and elderly patients with chronic migraine.MethodsA total of 124 elderly patients with chronic migraine treated in our hospital from July 2015 to December 2015 were selected.The patients were divided into two groups according to the principle of randomization, with 62 cases in each group.The control group was treated with sumatriptan, The observation group was treated with Qiye Shenan tablet on this basis.The curative effect of the two groups, the relevant indicators and adverse reactions were analyzed.ResultsThe effective rate was 95.16% in the observation group, which was higher than that in the control group (80.65%, P<0.05).After treatment, the VAS score and the main symptom scores of the observation group were (1.86±0.42,3.48±0.59), respectively, which were lower than those in the control group (3.19±0.50,5.06±0.64) (P<0.05).The level of nitric oxide (NO) in the observation group was (33.04±3.86)μmol/L, which was lower than that in the control group (40.92±4.28)μmol/L(P<0.05).The adverse reaction rate was 11.29% in the observation group, which was lower than that in the control group (17.74%), but there was no significant difference between the two groups.ConclusionQiye Shenan tablet can improve the therapeutic effect of chronic migraine in the elderly, reduce the pain of the patients and improve the related symptoms, and the safety of medication.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696276

ABSTRACT

The development of prenatal diagnosis and newborn screening technology has allowed the early diagnosis and treatment of primary immunodeficiency.This review covers the development and situation of prenatal diagnosis and newborn screening,offers reference frame in our country,for improving the prognosis of primary immunodeficiency.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604236

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the variation of serum Hcy and UA of Parkinson's disease.Methods 46 pa-tients with Parkinson's disease in our hospital from April 2015 to March 2016 were selected as observation group,and 57 patients with other disease at the same time were selected as control group.The contents of serum Hcy and UA of the two groups were analyzed and compared.Results The contents of serum Hcy and UA of the observation group were (17.82 ±3.12)μmol/L,(321.42 ±79.42)μmol/L.Those of the control group were (10.12 ±3.05)μmol/L, (420.15 ±70.18)μmol/L.The content of serum Hcy of observation group was higher than the control group,the con-tent of serum UA of the observation group was lower than the control group(t =12.608,P <0.01).Hcy content of middle and late patients[(18.86 ±3.12)μmol/L]was higher than early patients[(16.16 ±3.04)μmol/L](t =2.378,P <0.05),serum Hcy level was positively correlated with UPDRS(r =0.462,P =0.037),the differences were significant.Conclusion Changes of serum Hcy and UA levels were related to the occurrence of Parkinson's disease.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:An appropriate biomaterial can be directly combined with autologous or al ogeneic skin cel s to construct tissue-engineered skin, which can accelerate skin repair after transplantation onto the skin wounds. It is a good idea to solve the deficiency in skin sources. OBJECTIVE:To study the biological characteristics of the complex with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s and to investigate the application of this complex in skin defect repair. METHODS:Twenty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats, SPF grade, were randomized into two groups (n=14 per group). By adjustment of temperature, time, pressure and area of NC perm instrument, scald models were made in rats. Rats in the treatment group were given the repair using composite bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s, while those in the control group were given vaseline gauze repair. Repair effects were compared between two groups. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) After 72 hours of culture, the composite bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s smal with round shape distributed dispersedly. After 5 days of culture, the cel s began to stretch and the cel morphology became unstable. After three passages, the cel morphology became stable. The results of antigen identification showed the expression of CD44 and CD29 but the low expression of CD45 and CD34 in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s. (2) Twenty-eight days after repair, there was no obvious scar on the wound surface of the treatment group, but a little shrinkage and obvious scar stil existed in the control group. Moreover, in the control group, the epidermal layer of the skin was relatively thick, and the connection between the basal layer and the dermis was unsatisfactory. In the treatment group, obvious epidermal cel stratification, neat arrangement, and tight connection between the epidermis and dermis were observed. In summary, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s are a special class of cel s that have pluripotent ability and are more readily available. These cel s are the preferred target cel s for skin defect repair to promote early healing of the skin and improve blood circulation defect site, which are confirmed to have high clinical value.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In recent years, acel ular human cadaveric dermis has been applied for repairing dermal defects and fil ing soft tissues, but this repair material is expensive and difficult to obtain. OBJECTIVE: To explore the repair effect of tissue-engineered acel ular dermis on wound healing of skin ulcer. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into autologous reticular dermis and acel ular dermis groups. The tissue-engineered acel ular dermis was prepared by hypotonic solution, 2.5 g/L trypsin, 0.5% Triton X-100 and PBS solution, and in the meanwhile, a rat model of skin ulcer was established. Then, autologous skin graft and tissue-engineered acel ular dermis were transplanted into the autologous reticular dermis group and acel ular dermal group, respectively. Subsequently, comparative study about the repair effect and relative mechanism between two groups was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The tissue-engineered acel ular dermis showed a white and grainy shape at room temperature. And hematoxylin-eosin staining showed that: the internal structure of tissue-engineered acel ular dermis exhibited a dendritic distribution, and the gap between col agen fiber bundles was relatively large. At 2, 3, 4 and 8 weeks after dermal transplantation, the survival rate of skin graft in the acel ular dermis group was significantly higher than that in the autologous reticular dermis group (P < 0.05). And the wound contraction rate in the acel ular dermis group was significantly higher than that of the autologous reticular dermis group at 3, 4 and 8 weeks after dermal transplantation (P < 0.05). In addition, the average diameter and clearance rate of col agen fibers in the normal skin around wound in the acel ular dermis group were significantly higher than those of autologous reticular dermis group (P < 0.05). To conclude, it is relatively simple to prepare tissue-engineered acel ular dermis under mild conditions, and the prepared tissue-engineered acel ular dermis presents a regular shape. Moreover, this acel ular dermis achieves desired outcomes in repairing dermal defects, which can promote wound healing by reducing the intradermal DNA residual and significantly improving some biomechanical properties in vivo.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 913-918, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351425

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To introduce the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3), to China, created ASQ-Chinese (ASQ-C) and carried out studies of its national norm and the psychometrical properties in the children aged 1-66 months in the mainland of China in collaboration with the author of the ASQ System and under the authorizations from its publisher on translation, researches, publication and distribution of the ASQ-3.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The ASQ-3 questionnaires were translated and adapted into a Simplified Chinese version, the ASQ-C, with six steps such as translation, back-translation and adaptation and so on to ensure consistency with the core of the original document and to have the cultural relevance in China.A stratified cluster sampling method was utilized to recruit children aged 1-66 months with respect to demographic characteristics such as the proportion of population in each administrative region and in urban and rural areas and so on that are representative of 2010 China census data.A sample size of over 200 was collected for each ASQ-C age interval.Children were excluded from the normative sample who (1) are from communities or villages at an elevation of 2 000 m or above and(or) where simplified Chinese is not the official language, or (2) had been diagnosed as having a developmental delay by any authoritative organizations.The national normative sample for the ASQ-C had a total sample size of 4 452, sample size within each age interval ranged from 218 to 227, including 2 230 male cases and 2 222 female cases, 2 236 urban cases and 2 216 rural cases.A convenience sample was recruited from the normative sample to examine inter-rater reliability and test-retest reliability in all six administrative regions.Researchers completed the ASQ-C on the same child with their parents for 162 children for inter-rater reliability(the size of each ASQ-C age interval was 5-9); parents of 168 children completed another age-appropriate ASQ-C for test-retest reliability during 10-15 days after they completed the normative ASQ-C(The size of each ASQ-C age interval is 6-10). Another convenience sample was recruited from the follow-up of low birth weight infants for the concurrent validity of the ASQ-C in comparison with the Beijing Gesell.Parents of 198 children completed age-appropriate ASQ-C and professional administered to the children with the Beijing Gesell.In the ASQ-C norm and test-retest reliability, parents completed the age-appropriate ASQ-C, independently or with needed assistance. In inter-rater reliability, researchers completed the same ASQ-C after parents. In validity test, after parents completing age-appropriate ASQ-C, professional tested children with the Beijing Gesell.Data were analyzed using SPSS version 13.0 software.The mean and standard deviation of the national normative sample were calculated, reliability and validity of the ASQ-C was examined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The demographic characteristics of this Chinese sample match the 2010 China census data on gender, urban or rural location, and family income.All 20 intervals of the ASQ-C were standardized on 21 national normative samples.Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole measure was 0.8.The Pearson correlation coefficient between the ASQ-C total scores of the two raters was 0.8.The Pearson correlation coefficient between the ASQ-C total scores of the two times was 0.8 (all P<0.000 1). The sensitivity of ASQ-C was 87.50% and the specificity of ASQ-C was 84.48%.The percentage of the agreement between the ASQ-C and the Beijing Gesell was 84.74%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings indicate that the ASQ-C is a reliable and valid measure with a representative national sample aged 1-66 months.It can be used to screen and monitor the development of children in the mainland of China.</p>


Subject(s)
Beijing , Child Development , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Language , Male , Parents , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466853

ABSTRACT

The immune mechanisms of food allergy relate to allergen and immunologic response.Different kind of allergens and different immunologic response will impact on the clinical features,diagnoses and management of food allergy.It is benefiting for clinical practice to insight the immune mechanisms of food allergy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488603

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expressions of decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) in pancreatic cancer tissues and to analyze the significance of DcR3 in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer.Methods The expressions of DcR3 in pancreatic cancer tissues (n =100), paracancer tissues (n =15) and normal tissues (n =15) were detected with immunohistochemical method (Envision method).Results The positive rate of DcR3 in pancreatic cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent-tumor pancreatic cancer tissues (86.0% vs.46.6%, P < 0.05).The positive rate of DcR3 in adjacent-tumor pancreatic cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues (46.6% vs.13.3%, P < 0.05).In clinical stage Ⅲ, the positive rate of DcR3 was significantly higher than that in stage Ⅱ and stage Ⅰ (100% vs.87.0%, P<0.05;100% vs.62.5%, P<0.05).There were significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.05).With lymph node metastasis, the DcR3 positive rate was significantly higher than that in the group without lymph node metastasis (93.4% vs.79.6%, P < 0.05).In poorly differentiated pancreatic cancer, the positive rate of DcR3 was significantly higher than that in the highly differentiated group (100% vs.64.0%, P <0.05), the positive rate of DcR3 was significantly higher in the moderately differentiated group than that in the highly differentiated group (88.6% vs.64.0%, P < 0.05) , There were significant differences among the three groups (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in the positive rate of DcR3 between the different age groups or the different gender groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions The expression levels of DcR3 in patients with pancreatic cancer gradually increased from normal tissues to paracancer tissues, to pancreas tissues.The expression level of DcR3 protein was closely related to clinical stage, degree of tissue differentiation and presence of lymph node metastasis, but not associated with age, sex, and tumor diameter size.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469111

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the respiratory burst function of neutrophils in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI).Methods Twenty two VLBWI was divided into two groups:neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) and non NRDS (11 in each).The respiratory burst function of neutrophils in the peripheral blood of VLBWI within 48 hours after birth was determined using the flow cytometrydihydrorhodamine 1,2,3 method before and after the chemical stimulation of phorbol-12-myrismte 14 acetate (PMA),and the gp91Phox was also measured in resting neutrophils by flow cytometry.Twenty healthy term neonates served as controls.Mann-Whitney U test was used for statistical analysis.Results Before the stimulation of PMA,the percentage of activated neutrophils of VLBWI [(49.10±20.19) %] producing a respiratory burst was higher than that of term neonates [(18.73 ±6.81) %] (Z--4.911,P=0.000),however,after the stimulation of PMA,the percentage of activated neutrophils of VLBWI [(96.58 ± 3.44) %] was lower than that of term neonates [(99.20±0.62) %] (Z--3.186,P=0.001),and the stimulation index (SI) of VLBWI (171.40 ± 103.35) was lower than that of term neonates (306.30 ± 138.47),with significant difference (Z=-3.413,P=0.001).The geometric mean of gp91Phox in VLBWI (21.66± 19.87) was higher compared with term neonates (19.60±8.03),however,the difference was not significant (P=0.350).The percentage of neutrophils that expressed gp91Phox [(56.11 ± 29.40) %] was lower in VLBWI than that in term neonates [(80.14± 14.87) %],with significant difference (Z=-2.374,P=0.018).Before the stimulation of PMA,the percentage of activated neutrophils of VLBWI with NRDS (63.40± 16.45) %] was higher than that of VLBWI without NRDS [(34.80± 11.65) %],with significant difference (Z=-3.382,P=0.001),the SI of VLBWI with NRDS (129.46 ± 75.36) was significantly lower than that of VLBWI without NRDS (213.35 ± 113.49) (Z=-2.331,P=0.020).Conclusions Neutrophils producing a respiratory burst in both VLBWI and term neonates are active without stimulation of PMA,while the phenomenon is more obvious in VLBWI.Neutrophils in VLBWI and term infants can be activated by the stimulation of PMA,and express gp91Phox.The activation and gp91Phox expression of neutrophils in VLBWI with NRDS tend to be lower than those in VLBWI without NRDS.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468775

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of GSK-3β in migration,invasion,metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of pancreatic cancer in vitro.Methods Lentiviral interference was used to inhibit the expression of GSK-3β in pancreatic cancer cells.Western blotting was used to detect expression of GSK-3β phosphorylation molecules and epithelial-mesenchymal transition and invasion related molecule.Scratch test and transwell test were adopted to detect the effect of GSK-3β inhibition on cell migration and invasion in pancreatic cancer cells.Luciferase reporter gene test was used to detect the effect of GSK-3β inhibition on NF-κB binding activity.Results Inhibition of GSK-3β expression significantly restrain migration,invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation.Migration inhibitory rate was 59.1% ±6.4% in ASPC-1 group and 55.9% ± 7.3% in PANC-1 group.GSK-3β inhibition affected the activity of NF-κB,the binding activity decreased to 24.8% ± 3.1% and 31.5% ±5.4%,respectively (all P < 0.05).Conclusions GSK-3β participates in the regulation of migration,invasion,and epithelialmesenchymal transition of pancreatic cancer.GSK-3β inhibition could surpress proliferation,invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation,and NF-κB might be the key molecule in the regulation of pancreatic malignant behavior.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396514

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of positive end-expiratory pressure(PEEP) on oxygen utiliza-tion coefficient in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS). Methods 28 ARDS patients with me-chanical ventilation were studied. Catheter of central vein was laid. Increment levels of PEEP(0,5, 10, 15 and 20cmH2O) were applied sequentially. Hemodynamics and oxygen metabolism parameters were measured and calcula-tion of O2 UC [O2 UC = (SaO2 -SvO2.)/SaO2] were carried out respectively. O2 UC in 30 normal subject groups were carried out. Results Arterial oxygen tension(PaO2) increased significantly(P < 0.05) at PEEP 5cmH2O. Oxygen u-tilization coefficient (O2 UC), heart rate(HR) and mean blood pressure (MBP) were not significantly different (P >0.05) at PEEP 10cmH2O. At PEEP 15cmH2 O, O2UC and HR increased significantly (P < 0.05), but M BP reduced obviously(P < 0.05). Conclusions Too high PEEP can result in oxygen utilization coefficient of ARDS patient de-acend furthur, can not really correct oxygen difieiency condition in patients' organization cell. The optimal PEEP should be found, and blood capacity should be appropriately increased.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398044

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the infection of Mycoplasma in female urogenital system and the evolution of drug resistance. Methods Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) and Mycoplasma hominis (MH) infections were examined by pathogen culture and fluorescence quantitative PCR in urogenital samples from 530 female patients in 2007, and drug sensitivity tests were performed in vitro. The results were compared with those in 2000. Results In 2000, there were 99 patients with Mycoplasma infections, in which 65 were of UU infections, 15 were of MH infections and 19 were of UU + MH infections. In 2007, there were 344 patients with Mycoplasma infections, in which 236 were of UU infections, 47 were of MH infections and 61 were of UU + MH infections. Patients aged 21~30 had the highest Mycoplasma infection rates both in 2000 (46.2%) and 2007 ( 50.5% ) ; while Mycoplasma infection rate in patients aged under 20 rose from 5.1% in 2000 to 12.8% in 2007 (χ2 = 4.682, P < 0.05). Both in 2000 and 2007, pathogens presented the highest drug resistance rates to tetracycline (TET) and erythromycin ( ERY ) which were all bore 80%. Compared with 2000, drug resistance rates to levofloxacin (LEV), azitromvcin (AZI) and ofloxacin (OFL) rose in 2007, and the differences were of statistical significance (P <0.05), while drug resistance rates to dmoxycycline (DOX), minocyclin (MIN) and josamycin (JOS) were still in the low level. Conclusions UU is the primary pathogen of infection in female urogenital system, and there is a tendency of Mycoplasma infection in younger age women. DOX, MIN and JOS can be the preferred medicines for Mycoplasma infections.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408035

ABSTRACT

AIM:To assess the protective role of melatonin(MEL)in a rat model of oleic-induced acute lung injury.METHODS:Twenty-four rats were randomly allocated to three groups as follows:saline(NS)injection group,oleic acid(OA)injection group and MEL plus OA injection group,the lavage protein,lung wet-to-dry weight ratio,malondialdehyde(MDA)content,superoxide dismutase(SOD)activity and lung histopathology were examined.RESULTS:(1)Injection 0.15 mL/kg of OA led to a severe acute lung injury(ALI),characterized by significantly increasing in lavage protein,lung coefficient(P<0.01),and by histopathological alterations which presented hemorrhage,edema.thickened alveolar septum and the existence of inflammatory cells in alveolar spaces;(2)Infusion of MEL(20 mg/kg,intraperitoneally for 60 min before the oleic acid)markedly alleviated above-mentioned symptom induced by OA,consistent with decrease of MDA level(P<0.01) and the increase of SOD activty(P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Pre-treatment with MEL can attenuate the OA -induced ALI in rats via cleaning and preventing the formation of free radicals and further lessening the increase of alveolocapillary membrane permeability,these data suggest that MEL may be effective in the prevention of ALI.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-408724

ABSTRACT

AIM: To probe into tau hyperphosphorylation at PHF- 1 sites induced by glycogen synthase kinase - 3β(GSK- 3β) in vivo. METHODS: Twenty - one rats were randomly allocated to three groups as follows: GSK - 3β transfection group, vector group and control group; 0.1 μg/3μL GSK- 3β- HA plasmid or vector was injected bilaterally into cerebrum of the rats respectively, rats without injection were controls. Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining of cortex were carried out to detect the expression of GSK- 3β- HA plasmid and tau phosphorylation using phosphorylation- dependent tau antibody PHF- 1. RESULTS: After transfection with GSK- 3β- HA for 48 h, GSK - 3β - HA was expressed in GSK- 3β transfection group; and hyperphosphorylated tau at PHF- 1 sites accumulated in neurons in the transfected areas. The hyperphosphorylated tau colocalized largely with GSK- 3β expressed by the transfected GSK- 3β plasmid. CONCLUSIONS: Transfection with GSK- 3βin vivo can induce tau hyperphosphorylation involving the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. These data further prove that GSK- 3β is a key kinase to induce tau hyperphosphorylation and may be a therapeutic target for tauopathy- related neurodegenerative diseases.

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