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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 175-179, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the curative effect and cost of domestic and imported covered stents in the treatment of non-complex Stanford type B aortic dissection.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 93 patients with non-complex Stanford B aortic dissection who underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in Taizhou Second People's Hospital from September 2016 to September 2021.Ninty-three patients were divided into two groups according to the use of different covered stents during the operation, of which 47 patients were treated with domestic covered stents (observation group) and 46 patients were treated with imported covered stents (control group). Overall response rate, rate of complication, treatment cost and cost-effectiveness ratio of the two groups were compared and sensitivity analysis was performed in the two groups.The measurement datas conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as mean ± standard deviation( ± s), and the inter-group comparison was conducted by t test.The comparison of counting datas between groups was conducted by Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method. Results:The overall response rate of the observation group and the control group were 93.62% and 97.83%, with no significant difference ( P>0.05); The incidence of complications was 6.38% and 2.17%, with no significant difference ( P>0.05). The cost of covered stent [(62 155.49±10 231.08) yuan] and the total cost of treatment [(95 063.66±20 042.34) yuan] in the observation group were lower than those in the control group [(93 825.37±16 577.04) yuan and (126 035.89±26 186.18) yuan]( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in other direct costs between the observation group [(32 908.17±9 811.26) yuan] and the control group [(32 210.52±9 609.14) yuan] ( P >0.05). The cost-effectiveness ratio of the observation group and the control group were 1 015.42 and 1 288.31, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of the control group was 7 356.82. After the cost-effectiveness sensitivity analysis and adjusting the cost of the covered stent to decrease by 10% of the two groups, the cost-effectiveness ratio of the observation group and the control group were 949.03 and 1 192.41, and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of control group was 6 604.61. Conclusions:Both domestic and imported covered stents are effective in the treatment of non-complex Stanford type B aortic dissection with fewer complications. Compared with the imported covered stent, the domestic covered stent has lower treatment cost and more advantages of cost-effectiveness, which is more in line with diagnosis related groups reform.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004326

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the quality changes of suspended red blood cells (SRBCs) prepared from the blood of Tibetan high Hb population, and explore the availability and safety of blood collected from Tibetan high Hb population. 【Methods】 The voluntary blood donors were grouped according to the Hb concentration at the initial screening: female blood donors from Tibet Autonomous Region (>3 500 m) with Hb≥190 g/L and male blood donors with Hb≥210 g/L were classified as plateau high hemoglobin group. A total of 13 male blood donors from Tibet Autonomous Region were recruited. And the female blood donors (n=13) with Hb(115~165) g/L and male blood donors (n=12) with Hb(120~185) g/L from Chengdu were classified as control group. Whole blood of 200 mL specification was centrifuged to remove the plasma, and MAP additive solution was added to prepare SRBCs, then SRBCs were divided into four aliquots (50 mL/bag and stored at 4℃. Parameters as blood routine, free Hb and hemolysis rate were measured aseptically at day 1, 14, 21, 35 of storage. And 10 mL SRBCs was used to extract membrane proteins for tyrosine phosphorylation detection of band 3 protein. 【Results】 The RBCs counts(×1012/L), hematocrit(%) and hemoglobin(g/L) of Tibetan high Hb group and control group were 6.76±0.95 vs 4.65±0.52, 63.3±6.8 vs 43.1±4.4 and 214.4±19.8 vs 143.2±16.9 (P<0.01). The erythrocyte deformability test on the day 1, 14, 21, 35 of storage showed that the deformability of SRBCs prepared from Tibetan high Hb group was significantly lower than that of the control group under shear stress of 3, 5.33, 9.49, 16.87, and 30 Pa, while the hemolysis rate of SRBCs prepared from the Tibetan high Hb group and the control group on the day 1, 14, 21, 35 were 0.050 2±0.040 2 vs 0.022 2±0.011 1, 0.055 4±0.043 vs 0.032 1±0.028 7, 0.061 2±0.025 9 vs 0.034 3±0.031 7 and 0.069 6±0.032 0 vs 0.044 0±0.033 3 (P<0.05). Western blotting showed that the cytoplasmic N-terminal Y21 of band 3 protein of SRBCs prepared from Tibetan high Hb group was highly phosphorylated. 【Conclusion】 The deformability of SRBCs prepared from the Tibetan high Hb group was significantly lower while the hemolysis rate of SRBCs was higher than that of the control group. The hemolysis rate of the SRBCs at the end of storage prepared from the Tibetan high Hb group meets the requirements of the national standard GB18469-2012(<0.8%). The increase of hemolysis rate of SRBCs prepared from the Tibetan high Hb group was closely related to the phosphorylation of band 3 protein.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 196-202, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933781

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the presynaptic dopamine neuronal depletion in different striatal subregions predicts future development of wearing-off (WO) in Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients.Methods:A retrospective longitudinal study included 57 PD patients who were referred to the Department of Neurology of Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from January 2019 to September 2020, and completed 11C-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-fluorophenyl) tropane dopamine transporter (DAT) positron emission tomography scans at the initial evaluation and received dopaminergic drugs for at least 12 months during follow-up. The time of starting dopaminergic drug treatment and the occurrence of WO were recorded. After adjusting for clinical related factors, the predictive value of DAT uptake and related parameters in striatal subregions for WO was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards model. Results:During a median follow-up period of 23 months, 10 patients (18.18%) developed WO. Patients with WO exhibited less DAT uptake in the caudate nucleus and anterior putamen nucleus (0.66±0.52 vs 1.08±0.42, t=2.76, P=0.008 and 0.66±0.20 vs 0.87±0.28, t=2.27, P=0.027 respectively), especially in these subregions contralateral to the less-affected side of the body, compared to those without WO. Cox proportional hazard models revealed that after adjusting for gender, age, course of disease, baseline Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale Ⅲ score and increment of levodopa equivalent dosage, the lower the DAT uptake of the caudate ipsilateral to the less-affected side of the body ( HR=0.20, 95% CI 0.07-0.63, P=0.006), as well as the lower the DAT uptake of the caudate nucleus and posterior putamen nucleus ( HR=0.28, 95% CI 0.11-0.69, P=0.006 and HR=0.08, 95% CI 0.01-0.64, P=0.018 respectively) and the higher the ratio of putamen/caudate contralateral to the less-affected side of the body ( HR=2.33, 95% CI 1.02-5.33, P=0.045), the higher the risk of WO. Conclusion:The presynaptic dopamine neuronal loss, particularly bilateral caudate nucleus dopaminergic depletion at the early stage, has predictive value of development of WO in PD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 117-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933767

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the additional value of unenhanced computed tomography (CT) in the differential diagnosis of brain tumors and non-neoplastic lesions.Methods:A total of 237 cases [140 males and 97 females; (49±16) years old; including 48 cases of low-grade glioma, 134 cases of high-grade glioma, 38 cases of primary central nervous system lymphoma, 9 cases of medulloblastoma, 5 cases of germinoma, and 3 cases of central neurocytoma] of brain tumors (diffuse gliomas and non-glial tumors) diagnosed by biopsy or surgery and pathology in the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from September 2016 to October 2020 were collected retrospectively. Sixty-six cases [46 males and 20 females; (42±13) years old; including 12 cases of abscesses, 5 cases of infarcts, 33 cases of demyelinating lesions, 11 cases of autoimmune encephalitis, and 5 cases of central nervous system vasculitis] of brain non-neoplastic lesions were confirmed by biopsy or clinic. All patients underwent routine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and unenhanced CT before the treatment. The images were reviewed by two neuroradiologists together blind to the final diagnosis with and without CT images respectively. The diagnostic results and reliability scores were recorded, and the accuracy of the two evaluations was compared.Results:CT hyperattenuation exhibited a higher specificity (95%) than conventional MRI scan (86%), and a lower diagnostic sensitivity (34% vs 86%). Compared to MRI alone, the combined modality of MRI and unenhanced CT significantly improved diagnostic accuracy (94% vs 86%). Additionally, the CT attenuation ratio of non-neoplastic lesions was significantly lower than that of neoplastic lesions [0.69 (0.61,0.78) and 1.14 (1.00,1.25), W=2 123, P<0.05]. The CT attenuation ratio in the non-glial origin tumor group was significantly higher than that in the diffuse glioma group [1.28 (1.18,1.41) and 1.13 (0.97,1.21), W=1 858, P<0.05]. There was no significant difference in grade Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups of diffuse glioma [1.11 (0.99,1.20) vs 1.16 (1.09,1.24), P>0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. However, both were significantly higher than that of grade Ⅱgroup of diffuse glioma [0.89 (0.76,1.07), P<0.05 (Nemenyi test)]. No significant difference was observed between astrocytic tumors and oligodendroglial tumors at the same grade. Conclusions:Hyperattenuation on unenhanced CT is highly specific for the diagnosis of brain tumors. Unenhanced CT plus MRI is more accurate for distinguishing the two entities in hypoattenuation lesion on unenhanced CT.

5.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 723-731, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution and morphological characteristics of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions in patients with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) antibody related demyelinating diseases and aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibody positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) and their clinical value in early diagnosis.Methods:A total of 35 patients with MOG antibody related demyelinating diseases [20 males and 15 females; aged 31 (25, 43) years] and 36 patients with AQP4 antibody positive NMOSD [3 males and 33 females; aged 42 (29, 54) years] were collected retrospectively from September 2018 to June 2021 in Chenzhou First People′s Hospital and the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University which were classified as MOG group and AQP4 positive group respectively. All patients underwent routine cranial MRI scanning before treatment and the location, shape and quantity of intracranial lesions were recorded. Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare the number of different types of lesions between the two groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the significance of different lesions for the two diseases.Results:There were 7 types of lesions with significant differences in different parts and shapes. Stepwise Logistic regression showed that cortical and juxtacortical lesions ( OR=21.91, 95% CI 3.09-61.69, P<0.05) and infratentorial peripheral white matter lesions ( OR=10.48, 95% CI 2.00-18.89, P<0.05) were the most important risk factors in the MOG group. The incidence of cortical and juxtacortical lesions in the MOG group was 51.4% (18/35), which was higher than that in the AQP4 positive group (2.8%, 1/36; χ2=19.02, P<0.01). The incidence of infratentorial peripheral white matter lesions in the MOG group was 31.4% (11/35), which was higher than that in the AQP4 positive group (5.6%, 2/36; χ2=6.31, P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that peripheral lesions [including 6 types of lesions such as supratentorial soft meningitis, cortical encephalitis, cortical and juxtacortical lesions, infratentorial soft meningitis, infratentorial soft meningeal demyelination and infratentorial peripheral lesions, area under curve (AUC)=0.93] were more important than cortical and juxtacortical lesions (AUC=0.75) and central lesions (supratentorial paraventricular white matter lesions, diencephalon, infratentorial paraventricular lesions,AUC=0.64), which had higher diagnostic efficiency. Conclusions:The incidence of intracranial lesions in MOG antibody related demyelinating disease was higher than that in AQP4 positive NMOSD, and the distribution and morphology of intracranial MRI lesions in the two diseases had their characteristic manifestations. Identifying the distribution patterns of peripheral lesions (distributed along pia mater) and central lesions (distributed along ependyma) had a certain reference significance for distinguishing the two groups of diseases.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the ultrasound diagnostic value of portal vein complications after liver transplantation by monitoring changes in portal vein hemodynamic parameters using the color Doppler ultrasound technology and to determine its clinical significance.Methods:The clinical data of 99 patients who underwent liver transplantation at the Organ Transplantation Center of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from July 2015 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 81 males and 18 females, aged (51±9) years old. These patients were divided into the portal vein complication ( n=23) and the non-portal vein complication ( n=76) groups, based on whether portal vein complications had developed within 2 years after surgery. In addition, 30 healthy volunteers at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, including 16 males and 14 females, aged (40±14) years old were selected to form the control group. The patients’ morphology of liver was studied using color Doppler ultrasound at days 1, 7, 14, 30, 180, 365 and 730 after liver transplantation, and the maximum portal vein blood flow velocity and portal blood flow were recorded. Results:Compared with the control group, the maximum portal venous flow velocity and portal venous blood flow significantly increased on days 1, 7, 14, 30, and 180 after liver transplantation in the non-portal complication group (all P<0.05). With time, these changes showed a decreasing trend. By day 365 after surgery, the differences between the maximum portal venous flow velocity and the portal venous blood flow between the two groups became not significant ( P>0.05). Of the 23 patients in the portal vein complication group, 9 developed portal vein stenosis (PVS) and 14 portal vein embolism. The 9 patients with PVS had a maximum portal flow velocity of 63.8 (46.0, 78.6) cm/s at 1 month after surgery, and this flow velocity was significantly higher than that in the non-portal complication group [35.0(29.6, 41.8) cm/s, Z=-3.35, P<0.001]. The portal blood flow was 993 (887, 1168) ml/min in the 9 patients with portal vein stenosis at 1 month after surgery, and it was significantly higher than those in the non-portal complication group [811(682, 1 018) ml/min, Z=-2.37, P=0.020]. Conclusions:After liver transplantation, both the portal venous blood flow velocity and the blood flow were at high levels in the early postoperative period and they returned to normal levels with time. Ultrasound dynamic monitoring of portal venous blood flow changes was of clinical significance in diagnosing portal vein stenosis and portal vein embolism after liver transplantation.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955786

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between chronic periodontitis and pulmonary ventilation function.Methods:A total of 135 patients with chronic periodontitis who received treatment in Yuyao People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province between June 2014 and December 2019 were included in this study. They were divided into group A (stage I, initial lesion, n = 45), group B (stage II, early lesion, n = 45), group C (stage III, confirmed lesion, n = 45) according to the severity of periodontal lesion. Lung ventilation function indexes and serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were compared among the three groups. The correlation between periodontal condition and lung ventilation function indexes was analyzed. Results:Probing depth (PD), clinical attachment loss (CAL), number of missing teeth, alveolar bone resorption level were (1.67 ± 0.65) mm, (2.48 ± 0.44) mm, 0 pieces, and (1.38 ± 0.23) mm in group A, (2.05 ± 0.30) mm, (4.04 ± 0.97) mm, 1 piece, (3.37± 0.73) mm in group B, and (2.23 ± 0.47) mm, (5.17 ± 0.75) mm, 3 pieces, (6.48 ± 0.62) mm in group C. With the worsening of the disease, PD, CAL, number of missing teeth, and alveolar bone resorption level were gradually increased. PD, CAL and alveolar bone resorption level in group C were significantly higher than those in group A ( t = 4.68, 20.75, 51.74, all P < 0.001) and group B ( t = 2.17, 6.18, 21.78, P = 0.033, < 0.001, < 0.001). PD, CAL and alveolar bone resorption level in group B were significantly higher than those in group A ( t = 3.56, 9.82, 17.44, all P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in the number of missing teeth ( P > 0.05). Serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels were (11.28 ± 4.26) ng/L, (7.48 ± 1.97) ng/L, (14.59 ± 2.11) ng/L in group A, (17.09 ± 4.91) ng/L, (10.82 ± 2.10) ng/L, (19.95 ± 4.48) ng/L in group B, and (26.47 ± 5.86) ng/L, (15.06 ± 2.75) ng/L, (33.76 ± 6.30) ng/L] in group C. With the worsening of the disease, serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels were gradually increased. Serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels in group C were significantly higher than those in group A ( t = 14.06, 15.03, 19.36, P < 0.001) and group B ( t = 8.23, 8.22, 11.98, all P < 0.001). Serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels in group B were significantly higher than those in group A ( t = 6.00, 7.78, 7.26, P < 0.001). The percentage of the maximum expiratory volume in the first second to the predicted value (FEV 1%pre) and the ratio of the maximum expiratory volume in the first second to the forced vital capacity (FEV 1/FVC) were (81.53 ± 6.30)% and (68.73 ± 4.65)% in group A, (70.47 ± 5.25)% and (60.86 ± 3.42)% in group B, and (59.02 ± 3.41)% and (56.93 ± 4.21)% in group C. With the worsening of the disease, FEV 1%pre and FEV 1/FVC were gradually decreased. FEV 1%pre and FEV 1/FVC in group C were significantly lower than those in group A ( t = 21.08, 12.62, both P < 0.001) and group B ( t = 12.27, 4.86, both P < 0.001). FEV 1%pre and FEV 1/FVC in group B were significantly lower than those in group A ( t = 9.05, 9.25, both P < 0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α levels were negatively correlated with FEV1%pre and FEV 1/FVC ( r = -0.50, -0.28, -0.42, -0.61, -0.34, -0.51, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:There is a correlation between chronic periodontitis and pulmonary ventilation function. Inflammatory mediators may be involved in chronic periodontitis as internal systemic factors.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2000 scoring system classifies gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) patients into low- and high-risk groups, so that single- or multi-agent chemotherapy can be administered accordingly. However, a number of FIGO-defined low-risk patients still exhibit resistance to single-agent regimens, and the risk factors currently adopted in the FIGO scoring system possess inequable values for predicting single-agent chemoresistance. The purpose of this study is therefore to evaluate the efficacy of risk factors in predicting single-agent chemoresistance and explore the feasibility of simplifying the FIGO 2000 scoring system for GTN.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 578 GTN patients who received chemotherapy between January 2000 and December 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were carried out to identify risk factors associated with single-agent chemoresistance in low-risk GTN patients. Then, simplified models were built and compared with the original FIGO 2000 scoring system.@*RESULTS@#Among the eight FIGO risk factors, the univariate and multivariate analyses identified that pretreatment serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) level and interval from antecedent pregnancy were consistently independent predictors for both first-line and subsequent single-agent chemoresistance. The simplified model with two independent factors showed a better performance in predicting single-agent chemoresistance than the model with the other four non-independent factors. However, the addition of other co-factors did improve the efficiency. Overall, simplified models can achieve favorable performance, but the original FIGO 2000 prognostic system still features the highest discrimination.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pretreatment serum hCG level and interval from antecedent pregnancy were independent predictors for both first-line and subsequent single-agent chemoresistance, and they had greater weight than other non-independent factors in predicting single-agent chemoresistance. The simplified model composed of certain selected factors is a promising alternative to the original FIGO 2000 prognostic system, and it shows comparable performance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004548

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the difference of Hemorheological characteristics and the oxygen content of tissue on different levels of hemoglobin(Hb) which were from Tibetan plateau. 【Methods】 Volunteers with different Hb levels living in Tibetan plateau and normal Hb levels living in plain were selected and divided into 4 groups according to their source areas and different Hb levels. Group A was set as the control group, while B、C and D were set as the experimental group. In group A, 25 cases, who were required to live in plateau with Hb [male: (120~185)g·L-1, female: (115~165)g·L-1]. Group B: 17 cases, required habitat plateau with Hb [male: (185~210)g·L-1, female: (165~190)g·L-1]. In group C, 13 cases, who were required to live in plateau with Hb (male: >210 g·L-1, female: >190 g·L-1). Group D: 25 cases, who were required to live in plain with Hb [male: (120~185)g·L-1, female: (115~165)g·L-1]. 10mL of Venous blood was collected from each case, these blood samples were be tested for blood routine, hemorheology, tissue oxygen supply index, coagulation function and ATP content in erythrocyte, P50, 2, 3-DPG. 【Results】 Compared with group A, erythrocyte deformability index(TK) of group C decreased (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between group B and D (P>0.05). Compared with group A, the blood shear rate 1 s-1, 5 s-1, and 200 s-1 of tissue oxygen supply index of group C decreased (P<0.05), the blood shear rate 50 s-1, 100 s-1 and 200 s-1of tissue oxygen supply index of group D increased (P<0.05), while there was no statistically significant difference in the blood shear rate 1 s-1, 5 s-1, 50 s-1, 100 s-1 and 200 s-1of tissue oxygen supply index of group B (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in ATP, P50 and 2, 3-DPG of red blood cells among all groups(P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 In the plateau population, The tissue oxygen supply in patient with polycythemia was significantly lower than the people with normal Hb level. The tissue oxygen supply in the plain normal population was significantly higher than that in the plateau normal population.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004488

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the correlation between blood coagulation function and hemoglobin(Hb) content in male Tibetan population in Tibet by analyzing and comparing the indexes of blood coagulation function in male Tibetan population with different Hb contents, so as to provide the basis for formulating blood donation criteria and blood component quality standard suitable for high altitude area. 【Methods】 Male Tibetans in Tibet during November 2018 to January 2019 were randomly selected and divided into three groups according to the Hb content. The healthy male volunteers in plain area were taken as the control. The plasma PT, APTT, TT, Fg, coagulation factor Ⅱ(FⅡ), FⅤ, FⅦ, FⅧ, FⅨ, FⅩ, FⅪ, FⅫ and protein C(PC) content of each group were measured and compared. 【Results】 The Fg was not different by groups(P>0.05); PT, APTT and TT in group C (Hb>210 g/L) in Tibet were significantly higher than those in controls [PT( s) : 11.48±1.18 vs 13.79±3.73; APTT( s) : 36.71±2.93 vs 43.30±4.56; TT( s) : 15.77±0.95 vs 17.94±2.43, P0.05), except PC conctent of group A was slightly higher than that of group B. 【Conclusion】 The plasma characteristics of Tibetan male with Hb content more than 210 g/L is different from that in plain and other high altitude area, such as prolonged coagulation time and significantly decreased coagulation factor content. Therefore, it is important to put forward the health examination requirements for blood donors and quality standards for whole blood and blood components suitable for high altitude areas in Tibet.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of FibroScan in liver grafts from brain-dead donors (DBD) prior to liver transplantation (LT).Methods:Liver grafts from 52 DBD were examined using ultrasound and FibroScan before LT. The causes of death were cerebral hemorrhage ( n=25), brain trauma ( n=21) and ischemic-hypoxic cerebropathy ( n=6). Blood samples were tested before LT and a biopsy was performed pre- or intra-operation for determining pathology. The diagnostic accuracy of FibroScan results was compared with that of pathological examinations. The latter is a gold standard for evaluating liver grafts. The eligible donors were grouped by stage of liver fibrosis (F0-F4) and steatosis (S0-S3) based upon Kleiner's scoring system of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Results:The value of liver stiffness (LS) significantly rose in group F1 as compared with group F0 (8.74±1.32) kPa and (5.93±1.64) kPa respectively ( P<0.01). The value of LS had a significantly positive correlation with liver graft fibrosis stage ( r=0.73, P<0.01). The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.93 for F1 stage fibrosis ( P<0.01). Significant differences existed in controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) among groups S0, S1 and S2 (173.30±38.36), (230.29±23.27) and (250.00±57.01) dB/m respectively ( F=12.41, P<0.01). CAP was correlated with liver graft steatosis stage ( r=0.64, P<0.01). And AUROC for S1/S2 stage steatosis in liver grafts was 0.89 ( P=0.002) and 0.83 ( P=0.007) respectively. Conclusions:With a high diagnostic accuracy, FibroScan quantifies fibrosis and steatosis in liver grafts from DBD and provides further imaging evidence for assessing liver grafts.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the clinical characteristics of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in immunocompromised patients. Methods:Clinical data of 15 patients with PCP hospitalized in Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University from March 2018 to March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical manifestations, laboratory index examinations, imaging characteristics, comorbidities, treatment and outcome were observed.Results:Among the 15 cases, 11 were cases with hematological malignancies and four cases received allogenetic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT). The onset time was (5.82±2.33) months after transplantation. Chest computed tomography (CT) of all 15 patients showed diffuse ground glass-like exudation of the lungs surrounding hilar. Peripheral blood CD4 + T cell count decreased to (135.17±74.83)/μL and oxygenation index to (188.47±41.03) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), while lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) elevated to (576.18±228.01) U/L.Levels of 1, 3-β-D-glucan in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) increased to (1 862.81±157.73) ng/L and (1 216.97±957.16) ng/L, respectively. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of BALF showed that the numbers of sequence of Pneumocystis carinii were 120 to 14 383. There were nine patients co-infected with cytomegalovirus (CMV), four patients with Epstein-Barr virus, and two patients with gram-negative bacilli. All the patients received compound sulfamethoxazole and caspofungin treatment, and 13 cases improved and two died. Conclusions:Patients with hematological malignancies and AHSCT are at high-risk of PCP. Serum counts of CD4 + T cells decrease, while serum levels of LDH and 1, 3-β- D-glucan increase.mNGS is valuable for early diagnosis.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891644

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the outcomes and toxic effects of 5-day actinomycin D (Act-D) salvage therapy and to explore the predictors of Act-D resistance in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN)who failed 5-day methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy. @*Methods@#This retrospective study analyzed patients with low-risk GTN administered Act-D salvage therapy after failing MTX chemotherapy at Women's Hospital, School of Medicine Zhejiang University between January 2000 and December 2015. The clinical parameters of these patients were collected and analyzed. @*Results@#The final analysis included 89 cases. Of these, 73 cases (82.02%) responded to salvage Act-D. The remaining 16 resistant cases were switched to etoposide, MTX, Act-D/ cyclophosphamide, and vincristine chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin levels before Act-D salvage therapy (hCG Act-D )in the Act-Dresistant cases were significantly higher than those in the Act-D responders (median 605 vs.103 IU/L, p=0.009). However, the range of hCGAct-D values in Act-D responders was wider than that in Act-D-resistant cases (5.76–16,664 IU/L vs. 11.43–6,732 IU/L). Thus, assigning a general cut-off value was difficult considering the individual setting. Except for 2 cases requiring other salvage regimens due to Act-D toxicity, 97.80% of cases (89/91) tolerated the toxicity. During at least 1-year follow-up, the survival rate was 100.00% and no case developed recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Based on the good therapeutic effect and tolerable toxicity, we recommend Act-D salvage therapy for all patients with low-risk GTN who fail primary MTX chemotherapy.The higher serum hCG levels before Act-D salvage therapy may be associated with resistance to this treatment.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899348

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the outcomes and toxic effects of 5-day actinomycin D (Act-D) salvage therapy and to explore the predictors of Act-D resistance in patients with low-risk gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN)who failed 5-day methotrexate (MTX) chemotherapy. @*Methods@#This retrospective study analyzed patients with low-risk GTN administered Act-D salvage therapy after failing MTX chemotherapy at Women's Hospital, School of Medicine Zhejiang University between January 2000 and December 2015. The clinical parameters of these patients were collected and analyzed. @*Results@#The final analysis included 89 cases. Of these, 73 cases (82.02%) responded to salvage Act-D. The remaining 16 resistant cases were switched to etoposide, MTX, Act-D/ cyclophosphamide, and vincristine chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. Serum human chorionic gonadotrophin levels before Act-D salvage therapy (hCG Act-D )in the Act-Dresistant cases were significantly higher than those in the Act-D responders (median 605 vs.103 IU/L, p=0.009). However, the range of hCGAct-D values in Act-D responders was wider than that in Act-D-resistant cases (5.76–16,664 IU/L vs. 11.43–6,732 IU/L). Thus, assigning a general cut-off value was difficult considering the individual setting. Except for 2 cases requiring other salvage regimens due to Act-D toxicity, 97.80% of cases (89/91) tolerated the toxicity. During at least 1-year follow-up, the survival rate was 100.00% and no case developed recurrence. @*Conclusion@#Based on the good therapeutic effect and tolerable toxicity, we recommend Act-D salvage therapy for all patients with low-risk GTN who fail primary MTX chemotherapy.The higher serum hCG levels before Act-D salvage therapy may be associated with resistance to this treatment.

15.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 3-11, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771266

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. This malignancy is associated with poor prognosis and high mortality. Novel approaches for prolonging the overall survival of patients with advanced HCC are urgently needed. The antitumor activities of adoptive cell transfer therapy (ACT), such as strategies based on tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes and cytokine-induced killer cells, are more effective than those of traditional strategies. Currently, chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) immunotherapy has achieved numerous breakthroughs in the treatment of hematological malignancies, including relapsed or refractory lymphoblastic leukemia and refractory large B-cell lymphoma. Nevertheless, this approach only provides a modest benefit in the treatment of solid tumors. The clinical results of CAR-T immunotherapy for HCC that could be obtained at present are limited. Some published studies have demonstrated that CAR-T could inhibit tumor growth and cause severe side effects. In this review, we summarized the current application of ACT, the challenges encountered by CAR-T technology in HCC treatment, and some possible strategies for the future direction of immunotherapeutic research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adoptive Transfer , Methods , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methods , Liver Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Cell Biology , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , T-Lymphocytes , Cell Biology
16.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 57-68, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771260

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common incident cancer and the leading cause of cancer death. In recent years, the development of tumor immunotherapy especially chimeric antigen receptor T (CAR-T) cell has shown a promising future. Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is a tumor-specific mutation expressed in various types of tumors and has been detected in non-small cell lung cancer with a mutation rate of 10%. Thus, EGFRvIII is a potential antigen for targeted lung cancer therapy. In this study, CAR vectors were constructed and transfected into virus-packaging cells. Then, activated T cells were infected with retrovirus harvested from stable virus-producing single clone cell lines. CAR expression on the surfaces of the T cells was detected by flow cytometry and Western blot. The function of CAR-T targeting EGFRvIII was then evaluated. The EGFRvIII-CAR vector was successfully constructed and confirmed by DNA sequencing. A stable virus-producing cell line was produced from a single clone by limited dilution. The culture conditions for the cell line, including cell density, temperature, and culture medium were optimized. After infection with retrovirus, CAR was expressed on more than 90% of the T cells. The proliferation of CAR-T cells were induced by cytokine and specific antigen in vitro. More importantly, EGFRvIII-CART specifically and efficiently recognized and killed A549-EGFRvIII cells with an effector/target ratio of 10:1 by expressing and releasing cytokines, including perforin, granzyme B, IFN-γ, and TNF-α. The in vivo study indicated that the metastasis of A549-EGFRvIII cells in mice were inhibited by EGFRvIII-CART cells, and the survival of the mice was significantly prolonged with no serious side effects. EGFRvIII-CART showed significantly efficient antitumor activity against lung cancer cells expressing EGFRvIII in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, CAR-T targeting EGFRvIII is a potential therapeutic strategy in preventing recurrence and metastasis of lung cancer after surgery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Cell Line, Tumor , ErbB Receptors , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Mice, Inbred NOD , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708249

ABSTRACT

High dose grid radiotherapy ( GRID ) refers to a single fraction of high-dose radiation ( 10-25 Gy) in which, beams are divided into multiple small beam lets through a grid collimator or MLC, resulting in non-uniform dose distribution of high and low dose area ("peak-to-valley" effect) in the target volume. Recently, as 3D radiotherapy ( 3DRT) technology emerged, the 2D GRID has been reconfigured into 3D dose LATTICE whereby high doses are concentrated at each lattice vertex within the radiation target volume with drastically lower dose between vertices through multiple focused non-coplanar beams with different radiation techniques. Compared with 2D GRID therapy, 3D LATTICE shows significant effect on"peak-to-valley" and minimizes radiation to surrounding tissues. Experimental and clinical data have shown that LATTICE therapies can reduce toxicity to normal tissue while stimulating bystander effects, endothelial cell death and immunogenic abscopal effects leading to enhanced killing of tumor cells and further improve the control of the local and distant disease. The clinic experience with LATTICE, although limited, has demonstrated favorable outcomes, especially for treating bulky tumors and palliative intend. The exact mechanism of the clinical advantages by LATTICE is not explicitly known and a more comprehensive biological study and clinical trials are called should be carried out.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707787

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the variations and influencing factors of serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels during pregnancy and postpartum.Methods A retrospective study was performed among 5 020 healthy singleton(95.10%,4 774/5 020)and twin(4.90%,246/5 020)women who had delivery in Women′s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2011 to December 2016. Serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels during pregnancy and postpartum of all the cases were collected. Both singleton and twin pregnant women were divided into advanced age and appropriate age groups, and then data of serum sample were assigned to 3 groups according to the gestation weeks, which were second trimester pregnancy(24-28 gestation weeks), third trimester pregnancy(32-41 gestation weeks)and postpartum(within 72 hours after delivery).The serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels in each groups were compared.Results(1)Serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels during the second trimester pregnancy, third trimester pregnancy and postpartum were higher than levels of non-pregnancy in both singleton and twin groups(all P<0.05).(2)Serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels in the third trimester pregnancy group were higher than those of second trimester pregnancy group in both advanced age and appropriate aged women regardless singleton or twin pregnancy(all P<0.05).The 95% CI of serum lipid levels in each group during second and third trimester pregnancy were as follows:in appropriate aged singleton group,the triglycerides levels were 1.07-4.13 and 1.52-7.21 mmol/L,and the cholesterol levels were 2.77-12.11 and 4.44-9.36 mmol/L.In advanced aged singleton group,the triglycerides levels were 1.28-4.61 and 1.70-7.80 mmol/L,and the cholesterol levels were 4.35-8.40 and 4.46-9.35 mmol/L;in appropriate aged twin group, the triglycerides levels were 1.39-7.16 and 1.90-9.29 mmol/L,and the cholesterol levels were 4.99-12.16 and 4.52-10.07 mmol/L;in advanced aged twin group,the triglycerides levels were 1.61-5.32 and 1.94-9.29 mmol/L, and the cholesterol levels were 5.24-8.10 and 4.53-8.86 mmol/L.(3)Serum lipids levels rapidly decreased during postpartum compared to the third trimester pregnancy.The 95% CI of blood lipid levels in each group were as follows:in appropriate aged singleton group,the triglycerides level was 0.90-5.64 mmol/L and the cholesterol level was 4.70-8.52 mmol/L;in advanced aged singleton group, the triglycerides level was 0.87-5.43 mmol/L and the cholesterol level was 4.68-9.04 mmol/L;in appropriate aged twin group,the triglycerides level was 1.20-8.21 mmol/L and the cholesterol level was 4.66-8.45 mmol/L;in advanced aged twin group, the triglycerides level was 1.32-6.61 mmol/L, and the cholesterol level was 5.01-7.94 mmol/L.(4)Serum triglycerides and cholesterol levels in twin pregnant women were significantly higher than in singleton during the second trimester and third trimester pregnancy both in advanced age and appropriate age groups(all P<0.05). During postpartum, there was no difference in serum lipid levels between the singleton and twin pregnant women in appropriate age group(triglycerides: P=0.982;cholesterol:P=0.759,respectively).While the serum lipid levels in twin pregnant women were significantly higher than those of singleton women in advanced age group(triglycerides:P=0.000;cholesterol:P=0.000, respectively). Conclusions The standard of serum lipid levels of non-pregnant adults is not suitable for assessing that in pregnant women.Regardless of singleton or twin pregnancy,serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels during pregnancy elevate with the increasing gestational week and then rapidly decrease during postpartum. Age and twins are the influencing factors of the elevated physiological lipid levels during pregnancy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707499

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the computer-aided design of digital plating for acetabular fracture of posterior wall associated with hip dislocation.Methods A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the 32 patients who had been admitted for acetabular fracture of posterior wall associated with hip dislocation between June 2012 and August 2016.They were 22 men and 10 women with a mean age of 42.1 years (from 21 to 57 years).They were divided according to the treatment methods into 2 groups:an observational group (n =15) subjected to digital plating and a control group (n =17) subjected to conventional plating.All the patients were treated through the Kocher-Langenbeck approach.For the patients in the observational group,patient-specific digital steel plates were manufactured after simulation of fracture reduction,design of individualized steel plate and simulation of steel plating in the computer software before operation.The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time,intraoperative bleeding,intraoperative fluoroscopy,hospital stay,fracture reduction and hip joint function at the last follow-up and postoperative complications as well.Results For the observational group,the operation time (73.3 ± 15.2 min) was significantly shorter than that for the control group (93.2 ± 14.7 min),the intraoperative bleeding (254.3 ±63.lmL) and the intraoperative fluoroscopy (2.4 ± 0.7 times) were significantly less than those for the control group (334.6 ±70.3 mL;3.2 ±0.8 times) (P < 0.05).There were no significant difference between the 2 groups in the good to excellent rate of reduction [93.3% (14/15) versus 88.2% (15/17)] (P > 0.05).All the patients were followed up for an average of 28.1 months (from 8 to 48 months).There was no significant difference either between the 2 groups in the modified Merle d'Aubigné-Postel scores at the last follow-up (16.4 ± 1.8 versus 15.8 ± 1.6) (P > 0.05).There was a significant difference between the observational and control groups in the incidence of heterotopic ossification [6.7% (1/1) versus 17.6% (3/17)] (P <0.05).Conclusions In the treatment ofacetabular fracture of posterior wall associated with hip dislocation,computer-aided design of digital plating may have advantages of shorter operation time,less intraoperative blood loss,less intraoperative fluoroscopy and lower incidence of heterotopic ossification.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247766

ABSTRACT

Theandhave been the state-compiled textbooks of acupuncture-moxibustion in colleges and universities of TCM for nearly more than half a century, which play a regulating and guiding role for acupuncture education and to a certain extent represent the development status of this discipline. The indications included infrom 1th edition to 7th edition andfrom 1th edition to 3rd edition were analyzed in this study, which was aimed to basically reflect the current situation of acupuncture indications. As a result, it was found the inheritance and innovation of indications were both reflected in each edition of textbooks, 1/3 of which occurred repeatedly in more than half of the textbooks, and 1/3 of which occurred only once. The indications were classified by internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, dermatology, orthopedics, etc., which were not consistent with system classification of modern medicine such as digestive system, respiratory system, etc. The indications were mainly named after TCM disease names, involving only several names of western medicine diseases, which were contradicted to the names adopted from journals and literature. This inconformity of classification method and naming method between TCM and western medicine was not only a difficulty for modern acupuncture and moxibustion, but also an essential factor to hinder the development of acupuncture, therefore comparative study was needed in the future.

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