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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 226-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873735

ABSTRACT

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is one of the main causes of early graft dysfunction after renal transplantation. In China, organ transplantation has entered into the era of organ donation after citizen's death. The increased risk of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, prolonged hypoperfusion time and warm ischemia time of donors may lead to IRI of the graft, and affect the short- and long-term clinical prognosis of the recipient and graft. Under IRI and other stress conditions, the mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics, mainly manifested by dynamic regulation of mitochondrial division and fusion, exert critical effect upon the biological function of mitochondria. Cell apoptosis caused by mitochondrial injury is the key event leading to acute kidney injury, which is mainly manifested by the imbalance of the regulatory mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics. In this article, the research progress on the regulatory mechanism of mitochondrial dynamics on renal IRI was reviewed, aiming to provide reference for improving the clinical outcomes of renal transplantation.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1803-1807, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815591

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the needs of primary and secondary school students, parents and teachers for comprehensive sexuality education content, and to explore the applicability of comprehensive sexuality education content in China.@*Methods@#By using the method of stratified cluster sampling, 5 571 primary and middle school students and 4 835 parents from Beijing, Chongqing, Heilongjiang (Harbin and Jiamusi) and Hubei (Wuhan and Xiaogan) were selected for questionnaire survey. Depending on the physical health monitoring points of various provinces and cities, 176 sexuality education related teachers in nine regions were surveyed. The development of the questionnaire was based on the content framework of comprehensive sexuality education proposed in the International Technical Guidelines for Sexuality Education.@*Results@#Students had a higher demand for knowledge on the concepts of "relationship" (53.4% for primary school students, 57.6% for junior high school students) and "health and well-being skills" (71.1% for primary school students, 55.9% for junior high school students). Parents had higher demand for most comprehensive sexuality education content with the exception of lower need for "sex and sexual behavior (74.7% of primary school parents, 80.8% of junior high school parents)" and "sexual and reproductive health (primary parents 74.3%, junior high school parents 75.8%)". Teachers had a high demand for most comprehensive sexuality education content, but primary school teachers had a lower need for "values, rights, culture and sex(65.9%)", "sex and sexuality(60.1%)" and "sexual and reproductive health(66.8%)". The results of correspondence analysis showed that junior middle school teachers had the highest demand for comprehensive education content, followed by primary school parents, junior middle school parents, primary school teachers, junior middle school students and primary school students.@*Conclusion@#Teachers and parents have a higher demand for most comprehensive sexuality education content, while lower demand for some relatively sensitive content. Students have a relatively low demand for comprehensive sexuality education content. It is recommended to further improve the content of school sexuality education based on the actual needs of China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672373

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice is the critical stage of training medical students in basic clinical quality.For the current major issues,such as lack of clinical case resources,lack of teaching conditions,and less chances of practice for students,cases library combined with medical human patient simulator is used in extern's teaching.Through this teaching,the students can touch numerous and comprehensive clinical cases,grasp clinical techniques proficiently,predominate diagnosis and treatment of common diseases in Orthopaedics efficiently by using medical human patient simulator.The effect of clinical practice teaching is improved greatly.The practice of related teaching means and methods provides a new way for the reform of the practice teaching.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458998

ABSTRACT

Objective To clone the coding sequence of Guangxi Bama mini-pig PGC-1αgene, and to analyze the expression of PGC-1αgene in various tissues of mini-pigs using RT-PCR and QRT-PCR techniques.Methods The PGC-1αgene coding sequence ( CDS) was amplified by PCR from the cDNA of longissimus muscle of Guangxi Bama mini-pig. The PCR products were inserted into pEASY-T5 vector, transfected E.coli, identified and sequenced.The PGC-1αgene expression in different tissues of the Bama mini-pigs was detected by RT-PCR and QRT-PCR assays.Results The PGC-1αgene CDS of Guangxi Bama mini-pig was cloned.It was 2391 bp in length.It had 99.9%homology with the reference sequence, and had two synonymous mutations that were C-A1105 and G-A1524.The expression level of PGC-1αgene was higher in the heart and kidney, followed by liver, subcutaneous fat and longissimus muscle, but the expression was not de-tected in pancreas of Guangxi Bama mini-pig.Conclusions We have successfully cloned the PGC-1αgene of Guangxi Bama mini-pig, and detected this gene expression in six tissues.The results of this study will provide a basis for studying the effect of PGC-1αon type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Bama mini-pigs.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435970

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficiency and safety of ultrasonic debridement therapy (UDT) and intelligence negative-pressure wound therapy(INPWT) for diabetic foot ulcers with Wagner 2-3degree.Methods Eighty patients with diabetic foot ulcers with Wagner 2-3 degree were divided into two groups according to the treatment method.The UDT and INPWT group (INPWT group) had 53 cases.Routine treatment group(routine group) had 27 cases.Both groups were given blood sugar and blood pressure control,anticoagulation,anti-infection and supportive treatment.The efficiency and complications were compared between two groups.Results In INPWT group,29 cases were healed,14 cases showed obvious effectiveness,7 cases were effective and 3 cases were inefficacy.The total effective rate was 94.34%(50/53).For routine group,they were 7,8,6,6 cases and 77.78%(21/27) respectively.The total effective rate between two groups had significant difference (P <0.05).Pain was found in 9 cases and hemoglobin decreased in 1 case in INPWT group.Conclusion INPWT after UDT for diabetic foot ulcers with Wagner 2-3 degree shows a good efficiency and safety.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430376

ABSTRACT

Objective To characterize the baseline status of Chinese diabetic patients based on data derived from Chinese cohort from SOLVETM study.Methods Patients with type 2 diabetes initiating basal insulin detemir at the decision of the physician were eligible for the study.Data on demographics,medical history,glycemic profile and treatment regimen at baseline were collected by physicians.Results A total of 3272 patients [female 42%,male 58%,mean age (56.2 ± 10.8) years] were included in the study.Their BMI was (25.3 ± 3.3) kg/m2.The duration of diabetes was 4.0 (0.1-27.0) years,and the duration of treatment with oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) was 3.0(0.0-20.2) years.The proportions of subjects with diabetic macro-and micro-vascular complications were 15.8% (515 cases) and 27.1% (866 cases),respectively.The hemoglobin Al c (HbAl c) at baseline was (8.33 ± 1.70) %,and the fasting blood glucose (FPG) was (9.5 ± 2.6) mmol/L.Conclusions A large proportion of patients with type 2 diabetes remain in poor glycemic control,and the prevalence of diabetic complications is high,which requires optimal therapeutic strategy for the patients with suboptimal glycemic control.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association of the 482G/A polymorphism of the PGC-1alpha gene with type 2 diabetes by family-based study in the Han population in South China, and to analyze the quantitative and qualitative binding force changes between the PGC-1alpha domain mutant and MEF2C, as well as to evaluate the possibility of PGC-1alpha -MEF2C-GLUT4 pathway in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples were collected from 350 patients with type 2 diabetes and their first-degree relatives. Genomic DNA was extracted and polymorphic PGC-1alpha genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and direct DNA sequencing. The results were analyzed by family-based transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) and haplotype relative risk (HRR). The protein-protein interaction between PGC-1alpha and MEF2C was detected by means of the site-directed mutagenesis kit and bacteriomatch two-hybrid system kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the family-based study, HRR analyses demonstrated that the 482A allele was more often transmitted to patients than predicted by chance (chi (2)= 7.2170, P= 0.0072, HRR= 1.4496). TDT-extended test(ETDT) analyses also revealed that PGC-1alpha 482A allele was significantly deviated from 0.5 from heterozygous parents to patients than expected (219 trios, P= 0.0310; 350 trios, P= 0.0292). BacterioMatch Two-Hybrid System showed that 482A variation could lead to decreased binding force between PGC-1alpha and MEF2C (62.1+/- 8.97, P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The 482A polymorphism increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetic mellitus in the South China Han population, which might be mediated by the PGC-1alpha -MEF2C-GLUT4 pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Ethnic Groups , Genetics , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Glucose Transporter Type 4 , Metabolism , Haplotypes , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Logistic Models , MADS Domain Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , MEF2 Transcription Factors , Male , Middle Aged , Myogenic Regulatory Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Protein Structure, Tertiary , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Two-Hybrid System Techniques
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399010

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of PGC-1 α gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Southern China Han population. Methods 350 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and their parents and 366 normal Han volunteers were recruited in the study. Their blood specimens were collected to extract the genornic DNA. Thr394Thr(G/A), Gly482Ser(G/A), Thr528Thr(A/G) and Thr612Met (C/T) genotypes were identified by PCR-RFLP and DNA direct sequencing. The possible association was analyzed between diabetic patients with the specific cSNPs and their haplotypes by case-control and haplotype relative risk (HRR) and transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) methods. Results (1) The case- control study indicated that G and A allele frequencies of PGC-1 α gene Gly482Ser variant were 0.589, 0.411 in type 2 diabetic group and 0.687, 0.313 in normal group respectively (X<'2> = 15.076, P < 0.01). The allele frequencies of Thr394Thr, Thr528Thr, Thr612Met polymorphisms did not show significant difference between twogroups respectively (all P > 0.05). The distributions of Thr394Thr-Gly482Ser-Thr528Thr haplotypes in the diabetic group were significanly different from the controls (X<'2> = 40.2, P < 0.05) and had a linkage disequilibrium with type 2 diabetes mellitus (t = 2.503, P < 0.05). (2) The family-basod studies showed that 482A allele was transmitted more significantly both via TDT and extended TDT from heterozygous parents to patients than expected respectively (all P < 0.05). HRR also supported that the 482A allele was more often transmitted to patients than predicted by chance (X<'2> = 7.217, P = 0.007, HRR = 1. 450). TDT analyses of haplotypes suggested that the frequencies of 394A-482A-528A-612C,394A-482A-528A-612T, 394A-482A-528G-612C and 394A-482A-528G- 612T haplotypes significantly deviated from 0.5 (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Conclusion In Southern China Hanpopulation, type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with the Gly482Ser variant of PGC-1α gene, and Thr394Thr (G/ A) variant of PGC-1α gene appears to play an auxiliary role in this association.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592687

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of insulin-like factor-I(IGF-Ⅰ)on the proliferation activity of human periodontal ligamental fibroblasts(PDLF).Methods The PDLF transfected with IGF-Ⅰ and PDLF untransfected with IGF-Ⅰ prepared in our lab were digested by 0.25% trypsin and prepared into cell suspension.The two sorts of cells were counted after being vaccinated,then the growth curves of the two cells were mapped and the growth speeds were compared.The PDLF transfected with IGF-Ⅰ and PDLF untransfected with IGF-Ⅰ were digested by 0.25% trypsin and then cultivated.The proliferation activities of the PDLF transfected with IGF-Ⅰ and PDLF untransfected with IGF-Ⅰ were observed using MTT methods.The activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) was determined by using ALP kit.Results The growth curves of the two cells showed that the growth speed of the PDLF transfected with IGF-Ⅰ was significantly faster than that of the PDLF untransfected with IGF-Ⅰ(P

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591771

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dexamethasone on proliferation of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts(hPDLF) cultivated in vitro,and search for optimal culture condition for hPDLF in vitro,and provide basis for further study on regeneration of periodontinum.Methods The hPDLF cultivated in vitro were divided into 5 groups and cultivated in 5 different culture media separately which all included 10% fetal bovine serium: ①control group(no DEX);②5 mg?L-1DEX;③10 mg?L-1 DEX;④20 mg?L-1 DEX;⑤50 mg?L-1 DEX.The proliferation of hPDLF was assyed by MTT method.The phase contrast microscope was used to observe the morphological changes of the cells.Results The PDLF appeared aggregation and cells on bottom of culture bottle showed squamae-shape after inoculated on plate with 24 hole for 3 d.There were more layers of smaller hPDLF with blunt prominency came forth after cultivated in DEX culture media.MTT method showed that DEX promoted the proliferation of hPDLF obviously compared with control group(P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of the sharp marginal ridge of the abutment on the casting of the fit metal full crown in dental preparation.Methods: We established the models of the designed crown-based-teeth(American Dental Association style,No2 trail) with a sharp or smooth marginal ridge,and cast a metal crown for each model.We injected silicone into the crown and immediately fixed it onto each model.Then we took out the solidified silicone and measured its thickness between the crown and the occlusal face of each model.The thinner the thickness,the better the fitness.Results: The average silicone thickness was 250 ?m in the smooth marginal ridge group and 1 660 ?m in the sharp marginal ridge group,with significant difference in between(P

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-587417

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the mechanical properties of Ti-Zr alloy components made from laser solid forming. Methods:Controlled by Ti-Zr alloy made from normal dental casting,the tensile strength,yield strength and the elongations of each material were detected.Results:The tensile strength,yield strength and elongation of Ti-Zr alloy made from laser were 940 MPa,890 MPa and(7.5%,) while Ti-Zr alloy made from normal dental casting were 795 MPa,657 MPa and 22%.Conclusion:The tensile strength and yield strength of Ti-Zr alloy made from laser solid forming are better than dental Ti-Zr casting.Its elongation is less but fulfil oral prosthodontics.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543230

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the anti-corrosion property of Ti-Zr alloy fabricated by laser solid forming technic in artificial saliva.Method:The corrosive behavior of Ti-Zr alloy fabricated by laser solid forming was studied by potentiadynamic polarization technique in artificial saliva at 37 ℃(pH=6.8).Ti-Zr alloy formed by casting was applied as the control.With the polarization curves given by the electrochemical corrosive measure system and the picture of corrosive plane given by SEM, the corrosive property of the Ti-Zr alloy were analyzed.Results:Ti-Zr alloy fabricated by laser solid forming showed more relatively positive corrosion potential, smaller corrosion current density and lower passive potential, and did not show any evidence of corrosive phenomena.Conclusion:Ti-Zr alloy fabricated by laser solid forming has good corrosive resistance in oral circumstances.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410797

ABSTRACT

Objective Inquire into the relationship between diabetic peripheral neuropathy(DPN)pathogenic factor and Antigangliosides antibody(Anti-GS-Ab)in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods It was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays(ELISA)to the levels of serum Anti-gangliosides(Anti-GS)in 2 DM and DPN as well as healthy.Results The positive rate of Anti-GS-IgM,IgG in DPN group were 46.7% and 20.0%.repectivily it was obviously higher than normal group and 2 DM group.Conclusion The relationship between the DPN and Anti-GS-Ab is a close.It show that Anti-GS-Ab play an important role in DPN pathological process.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410313

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo detect the effects of early medical intervention on prognosis of newborn Hypoxic - ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) . Methods62 severe to moderate HIE newborns were randomly divided into intervention group(34 cases) and control group(28 cases ). The intervention group accepted trentment when they are newborn. Sexes, mothers' educational backgrond, enviroment and family incomewere similar for 2 groups. At the age of 6, 12, and 18 months, the assessment and mental development were conducted in two groups. ResultsThe development quotient(DQ) of the intervention group was higher than that of the control group( t = 2.3166, 2. 7298, 2. 8377, P < 0. 05, <0. 01, < 0. 01 ). The intervention group had higher rate of recovery and lower rate of unfavourble prognosis(x2 = 4. 1 031, P < 0.05). ConclusionEarly continue intervention could promote the mental motor development, improve the prognosis, reduce the rate of the sequela and improvequality of life.

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