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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989809

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect and underlying mechanism of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on delayed encephalopathy after carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) in mice.Methods:Totally 225 adult male Kunming mice were selected to establish CO poisoning model via intraperitoneal injection carbon monoxide (CO), and were randomly divided into the air control group, CO poisoning group, and HBO group. Each group was further divided into five time points group, that was 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21 d. The mice in the air control group were injected intraperitoneally with the same amount of air, and the HBO group received HBO treatment at the same time every day. DEACMP mice model was screened by behaviors using the open field test, new object recognition test and nesting test, and the content of myelin basic protein (MBP) were assayed. The mouse brain tissue and mitochondrial were prepared and malonialdehyde (MDA) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were measured with ultraviolet spectrophotometer. MBP content in brain tissue and cytochrome C (CytC) content in the mitochondrial were measured by ELISA. The mitochondria membrane potential (MMP) was measured by flow cytometry.Results:Compared with the air control group, the content of carboxyhemoglobin (COHB) in blood increased significantly and the content of MBP in brain tissue decreased significantly in CO poisoning mice. CO poisoning mice showed motor ability and cognitive dysfunction. Compared with the air control group, the contents of MMP, CytC and ATP were significantly decreased ( P<0.01) in the CO poisoning group; while the MDA content was significantly increased ( P<0.01). Compared with the CO poisoning group, mice behaviors were improved significantly ( P<0.05), the content of MBP, MMP, CytC and ATP were increased ( P<0.05), while the MDA content decreased significantly ( P<0.01) in the HBO group. Conclusions:The abnormal mitochondrial function might be closely related to the occurrence and development of DEACMP, and HBO therapy plays an effective role in preventing and treating the DEACMP mice model via the mitochondrial pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010235

ABSTRACT

The primary cause of injury and death in the elderly has been reflected in fall the elderly, so the application of reasonable and effective prevention strategies has great significance in reducing the risk of fall in the elderly. The research progress of virtual reality technology applied in preventing fall in the elderly at home and abroad over the years was systematically reviewed in this study. The mechanism of the technology in preventing fall in the elderly was mainly elaborated from five aspects of improving balance ability, gait disturbance, cognitive impairment, muscle strength and the fear psychology of falling. The purpose of this thesis is to broaden the research ideas of medical personnel on the prevention of fall of the elderly, provide more effective clinical practice plans, reduce the occurrence of fall, and guarantee the safety of the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Gait , Muscle Strength , Technology , Virtual Reality
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930483

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features of chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) in children.Methods:Clinical data of 8 CNO patients admitted to the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics from March 2014 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.The clinical characteristics of 8 children with CNO were summarized and compared with those reported abroad.Results:A total of 8 CNO patients were recruited, involving 3 males and 5 females with the mean age of onset (7.2±3.2)years, and the average diagnosis time 25.9 months, respectively.The common clinical symptoms included bone pain (7 cases, 87.5%), arthritis (4 cases, 50.0%), and fever (3 cases, 37.5%). The main manifestations on X-ray and CT scans were bone destruction and progressive osteosclerosis.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed bone marrow edema, periostitis, soft tissue swelling, and enhancement.All of them had more than one site of bone involvement.Seven patients(87.5%) had bilateral bone involvement, with the most common site of tibia (22.0%), followed by femur (17.1%) and mandible (9.8%). Bone biopsy was performed in 8 patients, and 4 cases showed osteonecrosis, 4 cases showed bone fibrosis and 2 cases showed osteomyelitis.The etiological examination of the bone was negative.Eight children received non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs alone or in combination with glucocorticoids, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), bisphosphonates or tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) antagonists.After treatment, the patients were followed up for 3 months to 2 years.Eight children improved.Their inflammatory indexes were normal, and had no disability, teratology or multiple organ damage.Conclusions:Pediatric CNO is more common in children of school age, with a long course of disease.The main manifestations are multi-site bone pain and arthritis.Imaging studies indicate multiple bone involvement, which is more common at lower extremities.Non-steroids anti-inflammatory drugs, glucocorticoids, DMARDs, bisphosphonates and TNF-α antagonists are effective to CNO.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909192

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy and neonatal thyroid function.Methods:Forty pregnant women with abnormal thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level during pregnancy and their newborns who received treatment in Yongkang First People's Hospital, China between July 2019 and August 2020 were included in the observation group. An additional 38 healthy pregnant women and their newborns who concurrently received health examination were included in the control group. The clinical data in the two groups were retrospectively analyzed. The levels of thyroid hormones [(triiodothyronine (T 3), tetraiodothyronine (T 4), TSH, free T 3 (FT 3), free T 4 (FT 4)] in pregnant women were compared between the two groups. TSH level in newborns was compared between the two groups. Thyroid dysfunction in newborns was assessed in each group. The correlation between thyroid hormone levels during pregnancy and neonatal thyroid function was analyzed. Results:TSH level during pregnancy in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(2.89 ± 0.44) mU/L vs. (2.13 ± 0.22) mU/L, t = 9.570, P < 0.001]. T 3, T 4, FT 3 and FT 4 in the observation group were (0.45 ± 0.07) μg/L, (90.87 ± 8.93) μg/L, (1.08 ± 0.19) ng/L and (10.45 ± 1.73) ng/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.13 ± 0.22) μg/L, (1.31 ± 0.21) μg/L, (2.16 ± 0.34) ng/L, (15.31 ± 21) ng/L, t = 24.514, 9.254, 17.432, 10.845, all P < 0.001]. TSH level in newborns in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( t = 37.041, P < 0.05). The incidence of thyroid dysfunction in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( χ2 = 4.780, P < 0.05). TSH level in pregnant women was positively correlated with that in newborns ( r = 0.819, P < 0.05). T 3, T 4, FT 3 and FT 4 levels in pregnant women were negatively correlated with TSH level in newborns ( r = -0.773, -0.802, -0.794, -0.824, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Compared with healthy pregnant women, pregnant women with abnormal thyroid hormone levels have higher TSH levels and lower T 3, T 4, FT 3 and FT 4 levels. The newborns of pregnant women with abnormal thyroid hormone levels have higher TSH levels and a greater risk of thyroid dysfunction than the newborns of healthy pregnant women. The level of thyroid hormone during pregnancy is related to the thyroid function of newborns. This study is scientific and innovative.

5.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 122-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799486

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC) on proliferation and apoptosis of epidermal cells in wound margin of mice and its effects on wound healing.@*Methods@#Twenty-eight healthy specific pathogen free (SPF) C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) male mice aged 8-12 weeks and 60 SPF T lymphocyte receptor δ-knockout (TCR δ-/-) male mice aged 8-12 weeks were selected to conduct the following experiments. (1) Eight WT mice were selected to isolate epidermal cells and primarily culture DETC according to the random number table. Morphological observation and purity identification of DETC by flow cytometer were detected immediately after culture and on culture day (CD) 15 and 30, respectively. (2) According to the random number table, 5 WT mice and 5 TCR δ-/- mice were selected and enrolled into WT control group and TCR δ-/- group. Round full-thickness skin defect with diameter of 6 mm was made on the back of each mouse. The wound healing condition was observed immediately after injury and on post injury day (PID) 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and the percentage of residual wound area was calculated. (3) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, the tissue of wound margin was collected for hematoxylin eosin staining, and the length of new epithelium was measured. (4) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, epidermal tissue of wound margin was collected to determine expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) using Western blotting for evaluation of proliferation of epidermal cell. (5) Mice were selected to group and reproduce model of full-thickness skin defect as in experiment (2). On PID 3, epidermal tissue of wound margin was selected and digested into single-cell suspension, and apoptosis of cells was detected by flow cytometer. (6) Forty TCR δ-/- mice were selected to carry out the same treatment as in experiments (2)-(5). According to the random number table, these mice were enrolled into TCR δ-/- control group and TCR δ-/-+ DETC group, with 5 mice in each group for each experiment. Round full-thickness skin defect was made on the back of each mouse. DETC in the number of 1×105 (dissolution in 100 μL phosphate with buffer purity above 90%) were injected through multiple points of wound margin of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group immediately after injury, and equal volume of phosphate buffer was injected into mice of TCR δ-/- control group with the same method as above. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance for repeated measurement, t test, and Bonferroni correction.@*Results@#(1) Along with the culture time elapse, the number of dendritic structures of DETC increased gradually. The percentage of T lymphocytes was 4.67% and 94.1% of these T lymphocytes were DETC. The purity of DETC on CD 15 was 18.50% and the purity of DETC on CD 30 was 98.70%. (2) Immediately after injury, the wound healing condition of mice in WT control group and TCR δ-/- group was similar. The wound healing speed of mice in TCR δ-/- group was slower than that in WT control group on PID 2-10. The percentages of residual wound area of mice in TCR δ-/- group on PID 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 were increased significantly compared with those in WT control group (t=3.492, 4.425, 4.170, 4.780, 7.318, P<0.01). (3) The length of new epithelium of mice in TCR δ-/- group on PID 3 was (359 ± 15) μm, which was obviously shorter than that in WT control group [(462±26) μm, t=3.462, P<0.01]. (4) Immediately after injury, wound condition of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group and TCR δ-/- control group was similar. Compared with TCR δ-/-+ DETC group, the wound healing speed of mice in TCR δ-/- control group were obviously slower on PID 2-10. The percentages of residual wound area of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group on PID 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 were decreased significantly compared with those in TCR δ-/- control group (t=2.308, 3.725, 2.698, 3.707, 6.093, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (5) On PID 3, the length of new epithelium of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group was (465±31) μm, which was obviously longer than that in TCR δ-/- control group [(375±21) μm, t=2.390, P<0.05]. (6) On PID 3, PCNA expression of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ-/- group was 1.25±0.04, which was obviously lower than that in WT control group (2.01±0.09, t=7.415, P<0.01). (7) On PID 3, PCNA expression of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group was 1.62±0.08, which was significantly higher than that in TCR δ-/- control group (1.05±0.14, t=3.561, P<0.05). (8) On PID 3, apoptosis rate of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ-/- group was (16.1±1.4)%, which was higher than that in WT control group [(8.1±0.6)%, t=5.363, P<0.01]. (9) On PID 3, apoptosis rate of epidermal cell in wound margin of mice in TCR δ-/-+ DETC group was (11.4±1.0)%, which was obviously lower than that in TCR δ-/- control group [(15.4±1.4)%, t=2.377, P<0.05].@*Conclusions@#DETC participates in the process of wound healing though promoting the proliferation of epidermal cells in wound margin and inhibit the apoptosis of these cells.

6.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 627-631, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744915

ABSTRACT

Oxidation stress is a key factor in the progression of various diseases.Hydrogen,as a reducing inert gas,can effectively inhibit the reactive oxygen produced by oxidative stress.With the daily use of dissociated water in recent years,the health care and treatment effects of hydrogen rich water are gradually reflected and valued.In this paper,the current status of hydrogen in medical research is briefly reviewed,which provides a reference for reducing the damage caused by the increase of reactive oxygen species in the treatment process and the wide application of hydrogen as a safe oxidant in the future.

7.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 298-307, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805026

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore effects of dendritic epidermal T cells (DETCs) and Vγ4 T lymphocytes on proliferation and differentiation of mice epidermal cells and the effects in wound healing of mice.@*Methods@#(1) Six C57BL/6 male mice aged 8 weeks were collected and divided into control group and wound group according to random number table (the same grouping method below), with 3 mice in each group. A 4 cm long straight excision with full-thickness skin defect was cut on back of each mouse in wound group, while mice in control group received no treatment. On post injury day (PID) 3, mice in 2 groups were sacrificed, and skin within 5 mm from the wound margin on back of mice in wound group and normal skin on corresponding part of mice in control group were collected to make single cell suspensions. The percentage of Vγ4 T lymphocyte expressing interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and percentage of DETCs expressing insulin-like growth factor Ⅰ (IGF-Ⅰ) were detected by flow cytometer. (2) Ten C57BL/6 male mice aged 8 weeks were collected and divided into control group and Vγ4 T lymphocyte depletion group with 5 mice in each group. Mice in Vγ4 T lymphocyte depletion group were injected with 200 g Vγ4 T lymphocyte monoclonal neutralizing antibody of Armenian hamster anti-mouse intraperitoneally, and mice in control group were injected with the same amount of Armenian hamster Ig intraperitoneally. One hole with full-thickness skin defect was made on each side of spine of back of each mice. The wound healing was observed on PID 1-8, and percentage of remaining wound area was calculated. (3) Six C57BL/6 male mice aged 8 weeks were grouped and treated in the same way as in experiment (2), with 3 mice in each group. On PID 3, expressions of IL-17A and IGF-Ⅰ in epidermis on margin of wound were detected with Western blotting. (4) Thirty C57BL/6 male mice aged 3 days were sacrificed, and epidermal cells were extracted. The keratin 14 positive cell rate was examined by flow cytometer (the same detecting method below). (5) Another batch of mouse epidermal cells were collected and divided into control group, IGF-Ⅰ group, and IL-17A group, with 3 wells in each group (the same well number below). Cells in IGF-Ⅰ group and IL-17A group were added with 1 mL recombinant mouse IGF-Ⅰ and IL-17A with final mass concentration of 100 ng/mL respectively, while cells in control group were added with the same amount of sterile phosphate buffered saline (PBS). On post culture day (PCD) 5, keratin 14 negative cell rate was examined. Another batch of mouse epidermal cells were collected, grouped, and treated in the same way as aforementioned experiment, and keratin 10 positive cell rate was examined on PCD 10. (6) Another batch of mouse epidermal cells were collected and added with 4 mmol/L 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate N-succinimidyl ester (CFSE) solution, and divided into control 0 d group, control 7 d group, IGF-Ⅰ group, and IL-17A group. Cells in IGF-Ⅰ group and IL-17A group were treated in the same way as the corresponding groups in experiment (5), and cells in control 0 d group and control 7 d group were treated in the same way as the control group in experiment (5). The CFSE fluorescence peaks were examined on PCD 0 of control 0 d group and PCD 7 of the other 3 groups. (7) Another batch of mouse epidermal cells were collected and divided into control group and IGF-Ⅰ group. Cells in IGF-Ⅰ group were added with 1 mL recombinant mouse IGF-Ⅰ with final mass concentration of 100 ng/mL, and cells in control group were added with the same amount of sterile PBS. On PCD 5, cells were underwent keratin 14 staining and CFSE staining as aforementioned, and keratin 14 negative cell rate of CFSE positive cells was examined. Another batch of mouse epidermal cells were collected and divided into control group and IL-17A group. Cells in IL-17A group were added with 1 mL recombinant mouse IL-17A with final mass concentration of 100 ng/mL, and cells in control group were added with the same amount of sterile PBS. On PCD 5, keratin 14 negative cell rate of CFSE positive cells was examined. Data were processed with one-way analysis of variance and t test.@*Results@#(1) On PID 3, percentage of DETC expressing IGF-Ⅰ in normal epidermis of control group was (9.9±0.8)%, significantly lower than (19.0±0.6)% of epidermis around margin of wound group (t=8.70, P<0.01); percentage of Vγ4 T lymphocyte expressing IL-17A in normal epidermis of control group was (0.123±0.024)%, significantly lower than (8.967±0.406)% of epidermis around margin of wound group (t=21.77, P<0.01). (2) On PID 1-4, there was obvious inflammatory reaction around wounds of mice in control group, and on PID 5-8, the wound area was still large. On PID 1-4, there was slight inflammatory reaction around wounds of mice in Vγ4 T lymphocyte depletion group, and on PID 5-8, the wound area was significantly reduced. On PID 3-7, percentages of residual wound area in Vγ4 T lymphocyte depletion group were significantly lower than those in control group (t=5.92, 5.74, 7.17, 5.38, 5.57, P<0.01), while percentages of residual wound area in two groups on PID 1, 2, 6 were similar (t=1.46, 3.17, 3.10, P>0.05). (3) On PID 3, compared with those in control group, expression of IL-17A and IGF-Ⅰ in epidermis around wound margin of mice in Vγ4 T lymphocyte depletion group was markedly decreased and increased respectively (t=8.47, 19.24, P<0.01). (4) The keratin 14 positive cell rate of mouse epidermal cells was 94.7%. (5) On PCD 5, the keratin 14 negative cell rate of mice in control group was markedly higher than that of IGF-Ⅰ group, while significantly lower than that of IL-17A group (t=7.25, 5.64, P<0.01). On PCD 10, the keratin 10 positive cell rate of mice in control group was significantly higher than that of IGF-Ⅰ group, while significantly lower than that of IL-17A group (t=3.99, 10.82, P<0.05 or P<0.01). (6) Compared with that of control 0 d group, CFSE fluorescence peaks of mouse epidermal cells in control 7 d group, IGF-Ⅰ group, and IL-17A group on PCD 7 shifted to the left. Compared with that of control 7 d group, CFSE fluorescence peaks of mouse epidermal cells in IGF-Ⅰ group and IL-17A group on PCD 7 shifted to the left. (7) On PCD 5, keratin 14 negative cell rate of CFSE positive cells of mice in control group was significantly higher than that in IGF-Ⅰ group (t=9.91, P<0.01), and keratin 14 negative cell rate of CFSE positive cells of mice in control group was markedly lower than that in IL-17A group (t=6.49, P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#In the process of wound healing, IGF-Ⅰ secreted by DETC can promote the proliferation of mouse keratin 14 positive epidermal cells and inhibit their terminal differentiation, while IL-17A secreted by Vγ4 T lymphocyte can promote the proliferation and terminal differentiation of mouse keratin 14 positive epidermal cells, thus both IGF-Ⅰ and IL-17A can affect wound healing.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 472-475, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753527

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between iodine and fluoride content in drinking water and the incidence of adult thyroid nodules in Cangzhou,Hebei.Methods According to the previous reports on iodine and fluoride levels in drinking water in Cangzhou,from November 2016 to January 2017,Cangzhou was divided into high iodine,low iodine,normal iodine and fluorine,low iodine and high fluorine,high iodine and high fluorine areas,and according to the different contents of iodine and fluorine in drinking water,high iodine and high fluorine area was further divided into high iodine and high fluorine 1 (iodine:743.30 μg/L,fluorine:4.27 mg/L),2 (iodine:119.31μg/L,fluorine:4.67 mg/L) and 3 (iodine:105.30 μg/L,fluorine:1.64 mg/L) subareas.Subjects who lived for 20 or more years and aged 30 or older,without serious disease and not taken iodized salt were selected.Palpation was used to examine the size,texture,mass,tenderness and mobility of the thyroid gland.The boundary,internal echo,blood flow and quantity of nodules were observed and recorded by color Doppler.Results The prevalence difference of thyroid nodules [36.8% (629/1 710),32.8% (636/1 938),25.1% (427/1 700)] in high iodine,low iodine and normal iodine and fluorine areas was statistically significant (x2 =55.597,P < 0.05).The prevalences of thyroid nodules in both high iodine and low iodine areas were higher than that of normal iodine and fluorine area (P< 0.016 7).The prevalence difference of thyroid nodules [43.3% (749/1 730),39.8% (712/1 790),34.9% (623/1 785)] in high iodine and high fluorine 1,2 and 3 subareas was statistically significant(x2 =26.220,P < 0.05).Compared with low iodine area,the prevalence of thyroid nodules [41.2% (735/1 785)] in low iodine and high fluorine area was increased (x2 =6.288,P < 0.05).Conclusions Both high iodine and low iodine can induce thyroid nodules.In water source areas with high iodine content,both high iodine and high fluorine are the factors inducing thyroid nodules.The prevalence of thyroid nodules in low iodine and high fluorine area is significantly higher than that of low iodine area.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697315

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of continuous nursing based on transtheoretical model (TTM) on elderly patients with knee osteoarthitis (KOA). Methods A total of 120 elderly patients with KOA from January 2015 to December 2016 were selected and divided into observation group and control group by the random digits table method , with 60 cases in each. The observation group was given continuous nursing based on TTM, while the control group was given continuous nursing. The functions and symptoms of knee joint of the 2 groups were evaluated by Lysholm Knee Scale Scores (LKSS) and Lequesne's Indexes (LI) after 6 months of implementation and compared. The compliance of rehabilitation training, the distribution of different behavior stages and the quality of life were compared after 6 months of implementation. Results The score of LKSS of the observation group was (78.04±8.55) points, and that of the control group was (69.22 ± 7.90) points, and there was significant difference between the 2 groups (t=6.780, P<0.05). The LI of the observation group was (5.37±1.05) points, and the control group was (6.09 ± 1.60) points, and there was significant difference between the 2 groups (t =3.356, P<0.05). There were significant differences in the distributions of the compliance of rehabilitation training and different behavior stages between the 2 groups (Z=5.814, 6.910, P<0.05). The rate of completely compliance, the percentage of action and maintenance stages of the observation group was 85.00%(51/60), 53.33% (32/60), and the control group was 55.00% (33/60), 28.33% (17/60) , and there was a significant difference between the 2 groups (χ2=12.857, 7.761, P<0.05). The physical condition, symptom and other 5 life quality scores and the total score of the observation group was (26.37±3.08), (11.80±2.15), (18.66± 2.27), (14.98±2.52), (6.93±0.94), (78.69±10.36) points, and the control group was (24.22±3.32), (9.44± 1.29), (17.24±3.07), (14.06±2.07), (6.56±1.05), (71.62±12.15) points, and there was significant difference between the 2 groups (t =2.034-7.291, all P<0.05). Conclusions The application of continuous nursing based on TTM on elderly patients with KOA can significantly change the stages of healthy behavior, improve the patients' compliance of rehabilitation training and quality of life, improve the function and symptom of knee joint.

10.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4626-4630,4683, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614830

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of intratracheal transplantation of different dose of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in rats with acute lung injury induced by severe burns.Methods:Seventy-five male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups:Sham(group A),Saline group(group B) and different doses of hUMSCs transplantation groups(C,D and E).The dosage ofhUMSCs was 1 × 105,5 × 105 and 1 × 106 respectively.Rats inflicted by 50 %TBSA Ⅲ degree scalding employed as the model.After modeling,rats in group B and transplantation groups were immediately fluid resuscitated.Transplantation groups were intratracheally administered different dose hUCMSCs (0.2 mL),and group B were given normal saline in the same dose intratracheally.The lung tissue samples were collected on day 1,day 3 and day 7 after administration.HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue.MPO and CD68 immunohistochemical staining were used to observe the positive expression of neutrophils and macrophages in lung tissue.Results:Lung pathology showed that alveolar cavity was clear,alveolar structure integrity,occasionally a small amount of inflammatory cells of group A at each time point.At 1 day after scald,group B and the transplantation group (group C,D,E)the alveolar septum was thickened,and there was visible pulmonary capillary hyperemia,as well as a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltrations in the pulmonary capillaries and alveolar space.At 3 day,group B and the transplantation group alveolar structural damage,pulmonary hemorrhage and inflammatory cell infiltrations were better than those in 1 day.Compared with group B,the alveolar structure was clear and the septum was thinner,but there was no significant difference between the transplantation groups.On the 7 day after scald,the lung injury in the transplanted group was significantly less than group B,and the recovery of the injured lung tissue in E group was the most obvious.The number of the MPO positive cells increased significantly on the first day after scald (P <0.05) compared with group A,but there was no significant difference between the two groups.Compared with B group,the number of positive cells in transplantation group was significantly reduced at 3 and 7 day after scald,(P<0.05),and the number of positive cells in group E was significantly lower than other groups (P<0.05).CD68 staining showed a significant increase in positive cells in each group on day 1 (P> 0.05).The number of positive cells decreased in 3 day after transplantation (P<0.05),but there was no significant difference between the transplantation groups.The number of positive cells in transplantation group was significantly lower than group B (P<0.05) after 7 day.Compared with group C and D,there was significant difference in group E (P<0.05).Conclusions:Intratracheal transplantation of different dose hUCMSCs have protective on severe burns induced acute lung injury models;the protection mechanisms may be that the hUCMSCs transplantation can inhibit the invasion of the inflammatory cells in lung tissues,and the optimal dosage is 1 × 106.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612888

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of asarone injection combined with inhalation on the treatment of COPD acute phase.MethodsAccording to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosis and treatment guidelinesin the diagnostic criteria for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in acute phase, 81 patients were randomized double-blindly divided into observation group of 40 cases and a control group 41 cases.Administering inhalation nebulizer patients in the control group, asarone injection combined with inhalation treatment in the observation group.Serum levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) levels before and after treatment, using a blood gas analyzer patients arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2) and arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) level, measured using a spirometer patients accounted for one second forced expiratory percentage of predicted value (FEV1% pred) and total airway resistance, and a separate determination combination therapy regimen based on the above indicators Comparative efficacy.Results①IL-8, IFN-γ, TNF-α: After treatment, the observation group was significantly lower than the control group (t=11.498;t=10.279;t=11.576), the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).②blood gas PaO2 and PaCO2: post-treatment observation group than the control group (t=11.021;t =8.868), the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).③lung function FEV1% pred and total airway resistance: After treatment, the observation group than the control group (t=7.182;t=6.341), the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).The total effective rate was significantly higher (χ2 =4.742) after ④observation group, the difference was significant (P<0.05).ConclusionAsarone injection combined with inhalation can reduce chronic inflammation in the body in patients with acute obstructive pulmonary disease, the body adjust blood gas, improve lung function, improve the treatment of patients with acute COPD.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612781

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects of therapy to neonatal jaundice by Yinzhihuang particles.Methods72 cases from July 2015 to December 2016, were randomly divided into two groups and made all 36 cases in the control group, children in the control group given blue light therapy observation group were treated in the control group on the basis of Yinzhihuang particle therapy, follow-up and record two serum C-reactive protein (CRP), total bilirubin (TBIL), γ-alanine amino acyltransferase (γ-GT), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and free fatty acid (FFA) levels and incidence of adverse reactions, the use ofstatistical methods for data analysis.Results① observation group after treatment CRP,TBIL, γ-GT values were better than the control group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05).② observation group in the AKP, FFA values after treatment than the control group, and the difference was significant (P<0.05).③ observation group rash during treatment, the incidence of diarrhea were (0.00%, 2.78%), were lower than the control group (11.11%, 16.67%), and the difference was significant (P<0.05).ConclusionYinzhihuang particle treatment of neonatal jaundice effect is good, worthy of further research and application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512013

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of comprehensive management of cardiac rehabilitation on the quality of life of patients after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Methods A total of 60 patients with PCI were randomly divided into the rehabilitation group and the control group with 30 cases each by convenience sampling method. The control group received routine treatment and nursing care of postoperative PCI, and the rehabilitation group received cardiac rehabilitation management on the basis of the control group, including training guidance, management of double heart psychological intervention, nutritional intervention diet guidance, evidence-based medicine, and set up system etc. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale(HADS) score, 6 minutes walking distance (6MWD), coronary heart disease risk factors and Seattle Angina Score (SAQ score) were observed at 6 months after PCI. Results HADS score anxiety rate, depression rate, anxiety and depressive state at 6 months after PCI was 10.0%(3/30), 10.0%(3/30), 0 respectively in the rehabilitation group, and 33.3%(10/30), 36.7%(11/30), 13.3%(4/30) in the control group respectively, and there was significant difference between 2 groups (χ2=4.504, 5.963, 1.071. all P<0.05). 6MWD was (451 ± 48) m in the rehabilitation group and (402 ± 42) m in the control group, and there was significant difference between 2 groups (t=6.155, P=0.022). Compared two groups of coronary heart disease risk factors control level: there was significant difference in total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, body mass index, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure(t=-2.927-5.981, P<0.01 or 0.05). SAQ score in physical limitation, angina stability , angina pectoris, treatment satisfaction, disease awareness scores were (73.79 ± 6.04), (80.35 ± 7.63), (75.31 ± 8.11), (80.23 ± 5.44), (76.59 ± 14.29) points in the rehabilitation group, and (53.19 ± 5.13), (65.87 ± 18.85), (64.41 ± 6.31), (70.49 ± 8.01), (45.83 ± 8.65) points in the control group, there were significant differences between 2 groups (t=-21.630-18.959, all P<0.01). Conclusions The comprehensive management of cardiac rehabilitation alleviates the anxiety and depression of patients after PCI, reduces the risk factors of coronary heart disease, and improves the exercise ability and quality of life.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510515

ABSTRACT

Severe burn is often accompanied by multiple organ damage. Acute lung injury (ALI) is one of the most common complications, and often occurs in the early stage of severe burns. If it is not treated in time, it will progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which will be a serious threat to the lives of patients. At present, the treatment of ALI in patients with severe burn is still remained in some common ways, such as the liquid resuscitation, the primary wound treatment, ventilation support, and anti-infection. In recently, human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) have been found having some good effects on ALI caused by various causes, but few reports on the efficacy of ALI caused by severe burns were reported. By reviewing the mechanism of stem cell therapy for ALI, therapeutic potential of hUCMSCs in the treatment of severe burns with ALI and a new approach for clinical treatment was provided.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497379

ABSTRACT

A literature review of the criteria for discharge after the day ambulatory surgery includes four aspects, which are the importance and significance, the scoring system, the physical and mental exam, and the risk factors for delayed discharge. The results are the basis for the further research.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495056

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status and pathogenic characteristics of healthcare-associated infection (HAI)in cardiovascular surgical intensive care unit (ICU)patients undergoing heart transplantation.Methods Pa-tients who underwent heart transplantation in a hospital between July 1 ,2013 and June 30,2014 were performed targeted monitoring.Results Of 66 patients undergoing heart transplantation,16 developed 18 times of HAI,inci-dence of HAI was 24.24%.Incidence of HAI and ventilator-associated pneumonia(VAP)in patients undergoing heart transplantation were both higher than non-transplantation patients (24.24% vs 6.24%,χ2 =33.718;7.58%vs 1 .72%,χ2 =12.199,respectively,both P <0.001 ).The infection tyes were as follows:lower respiratory tract infection(n=7),VAP (n=6),bacteremia (n=3),superficial incision infection (n =1 ),as well as skin and soft tissue infection (n = 1 ). The isolated pathogens were fungus (n = 8 ),Klebsiella pneumoniae (n = 3 ), Staphylococcus aureus (n=2),Acinetobacter baumannii (n=2),Enterobacter cloacae (n=1 ),Acinetobacter hae-molyticus (n=1 ),and Citrobacter freundii (n =1 ).Conclusion Incidence of HAI is high in patients undergoing heart transplantation,the main infection type is lower respiratory tract infection,the major pathogen is fungus.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686530

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the sensitivity ,specificity and coincidence rate of genechip method in the detection of resistance to antibacterial agents in Mycobacterium tuberculosis(MTB) ,in order to provide a convenient ,accurate and rapid method for detec‐ting antibacterial resistance in MTB .Methods The DNA sequencing was taken as gold standard ,and antibacterial resistance of the strains of MTB isolated from sputum specimens of 250 cases of patients with tuberculosis from August to December 2014 were de‐tected by using the genechip method and proportion method for susceptibility testing at the same time .Efficacies of the two methods in detecting MTB resistance to rifarnpin and isoniazid were compared .Results The MTB resistance rate to rifarnpin detected by u‐sing the genechip method and proportion method for susceptibility testing was 3 .0% and 3 .5% respectively ;that to isoniazid was 6 .7% and 8 .2% respectively .For detecting M TB resistance to rifarnpin and isoniazid ,the DNA sequencing was taken as gold standard ,the sensitivity ,specificity and coincidence rate of genechip method was higher than those of proportion method for suscep‐tibility testing ,and the test time of genechip method was shorter than that of proportion method for susceptibility testing ,there were statistically significant differences(P<0 .05) .Conclusion Using the genechip method to detecting MTB resistance to rifampin and isoniazid has high sensitivity ,specificity and coincidence rate ,which could replace the proportion method for susceptibility tes‐ting and become an effective method .

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 799-801, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and immunoregulation of pidotimod combined with routine treatment in the children with recurrent respiratory tract infections. Methods:Totally 114 cases of children with recurrent respiratory tract infections were divid-ed into the control group and the treatment group according to the sequence of hospitalization. The 58 patients in the control group re-ceived the conventional treatment, while the 56 patients in the treatment group were given pidotimod additionally. After two-month treatment, all the children were given 1 -6-month follow-up, and the symptom disappearance time, clinical efficacy, recurrence, physiological indices and change of immunological function in the two groups were observed and compared. Results:The disappearance time of symptom and lung physical signs in the observation group was much shorter than that in the control group (P0. 05). Conclusion:Pidotimod combined with routine treatment in the children with recurrent respiratory tract infections exhibits promising efficacy, which can improve immunity effectively.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432061

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the rate of hepatitis B virus (HBV) reactivation and potential risk factors in hepatitis B surface antigen negative/hepatitis B core antibody positive patients with lung cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy without concomitant antiviral prophylaxis.Methods The records of 3280 patients with lung cancer who received adjuvant chemotherapy were retrospectively reviewed from January 2003 to December 2011.Among these patients,367 hepatitis B surface antigen negative/hepatitis B core antibody positive patients were analyzed for the HBV reactivation in this study.The HBV serology marker and biochemical tests of the 367 patients were performed.The data were analyzed by chi square test.Results Among 367 hepatitis B surface antigen negative/hepatitis B core antibody positive patients with lung cancer,14 patients suffered HBV reactivation.Univariate analysis showed that age≥70 years(x2 =13.003,P=0.019),abnormal liver computed tomography findings (x2 =11.225,P =0.026) and the amount of corticost eroids≥ 150 mg(x2 =7.008,P =0.033)were associated with HBV reactivation.However,gender and adjuvant chemotherapy regimens were not related with HBV reactivation.Conclusion HBV reactivation occurs in a proportion of hepatitis B surface antigen negative/hepatitis B core antibody positive patients with lung cancer during adjuvant chemotherapy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 16-20, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428401

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of nocturnal prolonged hemodialysis (INHD) on patients' nutrition status. Methods Thirty-two maintenance hemodialysis patients received INHD (3 times per week and 7.5 hours each session) and thirty-five maintenance hemodialysis patients received conventional hemodialysis (3 times per week and 4 hours each session) as control were observed for 6 months.The nutrition status of these patients on various aspects which concluded physical measurements,laboratory tests,and dietary record at baseline(0month) and exit (6 months) were recorded. Results (1)There were no differences in age,sex,body weight,and primary diseases between two groups.(2)The body weight,triceps skinfold thickness (TSF),and hand grip strength increased at exit point,but no statistical difference compared with the control group.Mid-upper arm circumference (MAC) increased signicantly from (27.1±4.2) to (30.5±6.1) cm (P<0.05).Compared with the control group (26.9±3.4) cm,there was a significant difference (P<0.05).(3)Serum phosphate decreased significantly from (0.5±0.5) to (0.1±0.6) μ mol/L (P=0.001) in INHD group.(4)The nutrition status were improved in INHD group evaluated by subjective global assessment (SGA)(P=0.03).(5) Dietary intake was recorded by a 3-day food record.Dietary intake of energy,protein,lipid,calcium,potassium,and phosphate increased in INHD group.None of the differences achieved statistical significance between two groups. Conclusion As compared with conventional hemodialysis,INHD can increase the dietary intake,decrease serum phosphate level,and improve patients nutrition status.

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