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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 407-411, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810014

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of EBV-positive T/NK cell lymphoproliferative diseases (EBV+ T/NK-LPD).@*Methods@#The clinical characteristics of 156 cases of EBV+ T/NK-LPD were collected from August 2002 to March 2015 at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University. Immunohistochemical staining, EBER in situ hybridization and clonal analysis of TCR gene were performed. All patients were followed up.@*Results@#There were 106 male and 50 female patients; patients′ age ranged from 1 to 75 years (median 20 years). The course of the diseases before diagnosis ranged from 2 to 540 months (median 20 months). Fever was noted in 122 patients (78.2%), 108 patients had lymphadenopathy (69.2%), and 75 patients had hepatosplenomegaly (48.1%). Thirty-three cases were grade 1, 68 cases were grade 2, and 55 cases were grade 3. TCR gene arrangement analysis was performed in 45 cases, and 33 cases (73.3%) showed clonal rearrangement. The follow-up period ranged from 1-134 months, and 44 patients (28.2%) died. There was a trend of increased death rate associated with increasing grade (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#There are many types of EBV+ T/NK-LPD, and they can be classified as systemic, relatively localized and localized. The prognosis should be based on a comprehensive analysis of pathology and clinical data. There is no significant correlation between morphological grade and mortality. An important goal of therapy is to prevent serious complications.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341604

ABSTRACT

The implantation of endovascular stents is currently one of the main treatments for cardiovascular occlusion diseases. However, the problem of arterial restenosis after implantation has not been completely solved. It has been well documented that the disturbed local blood flow and abnormal flow environment due to the deployment of the stent is one of the major causes of restenosis. Based on the principle of swirling flow in the arterial system, in this research, a spiral flow guider for endovascular stent was proposed to induce the blood flow in the stent to rotate. Then a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) method was employed to optimize the design of the guider. The numerical simulation showed that the optimized guider could create sufficiently strong spiral flow that, we believe, can efficiently subdue the adverse disturbance to blood flow by the stent so that the arterial restenosis due to the stent implantation might be suppressed.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Blood Flow Velocity , Physiology , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Coronary Restenosis , Humans , Prosthesis Design , Methods , Pulsatile Flow , Shear Strength , Stents
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2408-2412, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404974

ABSTRACT

AIM: To prepare urokinase-loaded immunoliposomes, with anti-D-dimer mouse monoclonal antibody that can selectively target to thrombotic site and test the thrombolytic effect in the rabbit model of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in early phase. METHODS: 40 New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into five groups: TBS group (TBS buffer, negative control group), urokinase (UK) group (150 000 IU/kg UK, positive control group), Lip group (Lip-UK, containing 50 000 IU/kg UK), Ab group (Ab-Lip-UK, containing 50 000 IU/kg UK) and 2 Ab group (2 Ab-Lip-UK, containing 50 000 IU/kg UK but double DDmAb of Ab group). PE model was established. Five minutes later, five solutions (TBS, UK, Lip-UK, Ab-Lip-UK, 2 Ab-Lip-UK) were transfused through femoral vein respectively. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular diastolic pressure (RVDP) were estimated within one hour. The pathological changes of lung, heart, liver and kidney were all observed. RESULTS: RVSP in TBS group had no significant changes within one hour after administration. However, RVSP had respective notable decline at 30 min, 40 min, 30 min, 20 min in UK, Lip, Ab and 2 Ab group, respectively. The means of residual emboli were as follows: 4.0±0 in TBS group, 2.4±0.9 in UK group, 3.1±0.6 in Lip group, 2.4±0.9 in Ab group and 1.9±0.6 in 2 Ab group. The lungs in each group showed scattering local congestion, effusion and swelling on the surface. Obvious hemorrhage of heart, kidney and liver was found with HE staining in UK group, no pathologic change was observed in other groups. CONCLUSION: 2 Ab-Lip-UK with early thrombolytic effect and security may be an ideal thrombolytic agent for treating pulmonary embolism.

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