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1.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 778-782, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012978

ABSTRACT

Formulating codes of ethics for nurses are not only the need of establishing nurses’ professional image and dignity, but also the demand of nursing discipline development. By combing the relevant documents of codes of ethics for nurses at home and abroad, this paper summarized the main contents and application of codes of ethics for nurses, found that codes of ethics for nurses were based on the basic principle of "patient-oriented", discussing the relationship between nurses and patients, collaborators, environment, society, specialty and personal development, and forming the constraint standard for nurses’ behavior in combination with the expectation of local cultural values for nursing industry. The codes of ethics for nurses in China need to further clarify the scope of nursing, formulate behavioral norms in various specialties, and through clinical evaluation, education, management and other aspects to promote its popularization and implementation.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the analgesic effect and postoperative recovery between multi-point and single-point ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FCIB) in elderly patients with hip fracture.Methods:From June 2019 to April 2020, 96 patients aged (71.1±5.4) years undergoing elective surgery for hip fracture in Renji Hospital were randomly assigned in multi-point block group or single-point block group, and the multi-point or single-point ultrasound-guided FCIB was performed for the two groups, respectively. The primary outcomes were the success rate for block of femoral nerve, lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and obturator nerve, and the 24 hours postoperative pain visual analog scale (VAS) score at rest and passive movement. The secondary outcomes were the onset time of sensory blocks of the above three nerves, complications of FICB, the satisfaction score of pain control during 48 hours after surgery and postoperative recovery of patients.Results:The success rate for block of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in multi-point block group was 97.9% (47/48), which was significantly higher than that in single-point block group (83.3%(40/48)) ( P=0.031). The success rate for block of obturator nerve in multi-point block group was 95.8% (46/48), which was significantly higher than that in single-point block group which was 81.3% (39/48) ( P=0.025). The success rate of femoral nerve block in both groups was 97.9% (47/48) ( P=1.000). The 24 hours postoperative VAS scores at rest and passive movement in the multi-point block group were significantly lower than those in the single-point block group ( P<0.05). The onset time for block of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve and obturator nerve in multi-point block group was shorter than that in single-point block group ( P=0.025 and P<0.01). There was no significant difference in the onset time for block of femoral nerve between the two groups ( P=0.343). The satisfaction score of patients at 48 hours after surgery in multipoint block group was higher than that in single point block group ( P=0.024). The length of hospital stay in the multi-point block group was shorter than that in the single-point block group ( P=0.042), the proportion of intravenous analgesic drugs used after surgery was lower than that in the single-point block group ( P=0.041), and the complication rate within 30 days after surgery was also lower than that in the single point block group ( P=0.026). Conclusion:Compared with single-point block, ultrasound-guided multi-point block in iliac fascia space has advantages of increasing analgesic efficacy and promoting postoperative recovery in elderly patients with hip fracture.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993718

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus Omicron variant infection can cause severe illness and even death in certain populations. Omicron variant infection may lead to systemic inflammatory response, coagulation disorder, multi-organ dysfunction and other pathophysiological changes, which are different from other Novel coronavirus variants to a certain extent, so therapeutic strategies should not be the same. The National Medical Center for Major Public Health Events invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory medicine, intensive care, pediatrics and fever clinic to develop this quick guideline based on the current best evidence and extensive clinical practices. This quick guideline aims to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of novel coronavirus Omicron infection, and to improve the disease management abilities of clinicians.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989661

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a method for the determination of four effective components in Paeoniae Radix Alba and evaluate its quality of Paeoniae Radix Alba by principal component analysis. Methods:The effective components of Paeoniae Radix Alba were extracted by ultrasonic extraction method with ethanol. Wondasil WR C18 chromatographic column (250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) was used, and the mobile phase was acetonitrile-water, the flow rate was set at 1 ml/min, the column temperature was set at 30 ℃, and the total operation time was 65 min. The mass score of active components was imported into SPSS for principal component analysis. Results:The linear ranges of Paeoniflorin, Paeoniflorin, Benzoyl Paeoniflorin and Pallyl Paeoniflorin were 0.020 1-3.820 0 μg ( r2=0.999 4), 0.015 9-2.850 0 μg ( r2=0.999 2), 0.008 2- 1.820 0 μg ( r2=0.999 1), 0.003 2-0.970 0 μg ( r2=0.999 5). The quality of the 10 batches of Paeoniae Radix Alba samples from Anhui province was the best, while that from Sichuan province was the worst. Conclusions:HPLC method was established for the determination of four effective components in Paeoniae Radix Alba, and principal component analysis and evaluation of 10 batches of Paeoniae Radix Alba. Bozhou, Anhui Province, was identified as the main production area of Paeoniae Radix Alba, which can provide reference for the quality control and preparation production of Paeoniae Radix Alba.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988741

ABSTRACT

Background Pneumoconiosis is the most serious occupational disease in China, and silicosis accounts for about half of it. Any intervention effect of physical exercise as the key and core of lung rehabilitation training on silicosis is still unclear. Objective To explore potential intervention effect of physical exercise on silicotic mice. Methods Forty SPF C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into four groups, 10 in each group, including a control group, a physical exercise group, a silicosis model group, and a silicosis model + physical exercise intervention group. Silicotic mouse model was established by using 50 μL SiO2 suspension (200 mg·mL−1). A treadmill was used to prepare mice receiving physical exercise at 0° inclination, 12.3 m·min−1, 60 min·d−1, 5 d·week−1 for 4 weeks. Pathological morphology of lung tissues was evaluated after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining; deposition of collagen in lung tissues was evaluated after Van Gieson (VG) staining; expression of p-protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) was detected by immunofluorescence staining; expressions of cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (p21) and p-p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38) were detected by immunohistochemistry. The protein expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress signal factors [p-inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (p-IRE-1α), p-PERK, and p-eukaryotic initiation factor-2α (p-eIF-2α)], senescence signal factors (p-p53, p21, and p16), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signal factors [p-p38, p-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK), and p-stress-activated protein kinase (p-JNK)] were detected by Western blotting. Results After designed acute SiO2 exposure, the images of micro computed tomography (CT) showed high density shadows in lung tissues of the silicotic mice and less shadows in lung tissues of the physical exercise intervention mice. After HE staining, the proportions of silicotic nodule area in lung tissues was (18.67±3.89) % in the silicosis model group, and significantly decreased to (8.78±1.05) % in the silicosis model + physical exercise intervention group (P<0.05). After VG staining, the proportion of collagen fiber area of lung tissues was (10.37±2.18) % in the silicosis model group, and significantly decreased to (4.35±0.89) % in the silicosis model + physical exercise intervention group (P<0.05). The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that in the silicosis model group, the expression of p-PERK increased at the location of silicotic nodules, while in the silicotic model + physical exercise intervention group, the expression of p-PERK decreased. The immunohistochemical staining results showed that the expression of p21 and p-p38 increased in the lung tissues of the silicosis model group; the expression of p21 and p-p38 decreased in the lung tissues of the silicosis model + physical exercise intervention group. The results of Western blotting showed that compared with the control group, the expression levels of p-IRE-1α (0.11±0.03), p-PERK (0.95±0.40), p-eIF-2α (3.53±0.91), p-p53 (1.78±0.07), p21 (1.98±0.10), p16 (1.26±0.17), p-p38 (0.41±0.09), p-ERK (0.42±0.05), and p-JNK (3.20±1.23) of the silicosis model group were all upregulated (P<0.05). Compared with the silicosis model group, the expression levels of p-IRE-1α (0.03±0.01), p-PERK (0.31±0.12), p-eIF-2α (0.30±0.06), p-p53 (0.76±0.08), p21 (0.18±0.11), p16 (0.70±0.24), p-p38 (0.03±0.00), p-ERK (0.19±0.03), and p-JNK (0.46±0.21) of the silicosis model + physical exercise intervention group were downregulated (P<0.05). Conclusion Physical exercise may alleviate pulmonary fibrosis in silicotic mice, and inhibit abnormal expressions of endoplasmic reticulum stress signal, MAPK signal, and senescent signal.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the occurrence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in cervical cancer cell line Siha irradiated by X-rays with clinical conventional fraction radiotherapy model and investigate the role of exosomes in this process.Methods:Siha cells were irradiated by 6 MV-X rays with 50 Gy in 25 fractions. EMT was evaluated by cell morphology, EMT biomarkers and cell migration and invasion ability. Exosomes released from cells were detected by transmission electron microscopy and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA), and its function in EMT was explored by using an exosome inhibitor GW4869 (10 μmol/L).Results:After irradiation, EMT phenomenon was induced in the survived Siha cells, including the incidence of mesenchymal phenotype, upregulation of epithelial marker E-cadherin ( t=9.66, P<0.05), downregulation of mesenchymal marker N-cadherin ( t=41.61, P<0.05), and increase of cell migration and invasion abilities ( t=6.11, 13.22; P<0.05). Meanwhile, the secretion of exosomes was also increased after irradiation ( t=7.51, P<0.05). When the cells were pre-treated with GW4869, radiation-induced exosome secretion was reduced ( t=7.28, P<0.05), so that radiation-induced EMT was reversed. Conclusions:Ionizing radiation with clinical conventional fraction radiotherapy model promotes EMT of cervical cancer cells through increasing the secretion of exosomes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957263

ABSTRACT

Since 2010, the incidence of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) has been increased. Owing the progress in diagnosis and treatment, the overall mortality of SFTS in China has decreased, while the mortality in critical SFTS patients is still high. In order to provide guidance and working procedures for clinicians to diagnose and treat critical SFTS, the National Medical Center for Major Public Health Events invited experts to discuss and formulate this consensus based on their experience and up-to-date knowledge on SFTS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923499

ABSTRACT

@#To reveal the pharmacological mechanism of 3-arylcoumarin derivative 3-(4′-hydroxyphenyl)-6-hydroxycoumarin (SJ-6) against vascular calcification, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were used to induce the calcification of human aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (HCASMCs), and calcification was identified by alizarin red staining and quantification.The effects of SJ-6 on alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, cell proliferation rate, calcium content, and total reactive oxygen species (ROS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), AGEs, and tetra methylethlene diamine proteinase factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (1L-6), interleukin-β (1L-β), runt-related transcription factor 2 mRNA (Runx2 mRNA), the receptor of advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE), nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), napdh oxidase-1 (NoX-1), protein kinase C(PKC), protein kinase b(AKT), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), and smooth muscle actin-α (SMA-α) protein expression were determined.According to our results, SJ-6 significantly decreased AGEs content, ALP activity, intracellular calcium content, ROS content, Runx2 mRNA and inflammatory factors TNF-α, 1L-6 and 1L-β (P < 0.05) and increased SOD content (P < 0.01), with similar to those of the positive control drug aminoguanidine hydrochloride (AGH).Therefore, we investigated the pharmacological mechanism of compound SJ-6, which was found to significantly inhibit the expression of RAGE, NF-κB, NoX-1, PKC, Akt, p-p38 and other essential signaling proteins in the calcified cell model (P < 0.01) and increas the expression of smooth actin SMA-α (P < 0.01).SJ-6 inhibits vascular calcification by inhibiting oxidative stress and the expression of AGEs/RAGE, Akt/PKC and NF-κB signaling pathways, suggesting that it may be a novel drug for the treatment of vascular calcification.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1207-1209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940256

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand sensory characteristics and its correlation with behavioral problems among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), so as to provide reference basis for early diagnosis and comprehensive intervention of ASD children.@*Methods@#Using cross sectional survey, 193 ASD children trained by Nantong rehabilitation institutions were recruited from September 2021 to February 2022. All children were investigated with the Short Sensory Profile (SSP) and Parent Symptom Questionnaire (PSQ).@*Results@#Among the 193 ASD children, 106 (54.9%) children had abnormal sensory characteristics, including 45 (23.3%) with possible abnormalities and 61 (31.6%) with obvious abnormalities. The abnormal rate of auditory filtering was the highest in the seven dimensions, reaching 85.0%, followed by low strength/weakness, motor sensitivity, taste/smell sensitivity, low response/seeking sensation, vision/hearing sensitivity and tactile sensitivity. The total incidence of sensory abnormalities was 93.3%. There were significant differences in six dimensions of PSQ scale scores of ASD children with different degrees of sensory abnormalities, including conduct problems, learning problems, psychosomatic disorders, impulsive hyperactivity, anxiety and hyperactivity index ( H =38.89, 38.90, 19.53, 46.34, 34.54, 54.90, P <0.01). With the aggravation of sensory abnormalities in children with ASD, the scores of all dimensions of the PSQ scale increased significantly. The total score of SSP was negatively correlated with the six dimensions of conduct problems, learning problems, psychosomatic disorders, impulsive hyperactivity, anxiety and hyperactivity index in PSQ ( r =-0.53, -0.50, -0.32, -0.55, -0.43, -0.61, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#ASD children generally have sensory abnormalities, which coincide with severity of behavioral problems. There is a positive correlation between sensory abnormalities and behavioral problems in ASD children. More attention should be paid to the abnormal sensory characteristics of children with ASD in the future diagnosis and treatment process.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939854

ABSTRACT

Early childhood caries (ECC) is a significant chronic disease of childhood and a rising public health burden worldwide. ECC may cause a higher risk of new caries lesions in both primary and permanent dentition, affecting lifelong oral health. The occurrence of ECC has been closely related to the core microbiome change in the oral cavity, which may be influenced by diet habits, oral health management, fluoride use, and dental manipulations. So, it is essential to improve parental oral health and awareness of health care, to establish a dental home at the early stage of childhood, and make an individualized caries management plan. Dental interventions according to the minimally invasive concept should be carried out to treat dental caries. This expert consensus mainly discusses the etiology of ECC, caries-risk assessment of children, prevention and treatment plan of ECC, aiming to achieve lifelong oral health.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Consensus , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Oral Health
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the trend of maternal mortality ratio (MMR) and death causes in Tianjin from 2011 to 2020 and to guide the management of maternal health.Methods:All the reviews data of 89 maternal death cases in Tianjin from 2011 to 2020 were retrospectively collected to analyze the trend of MMR, rank order of death causes, and death review results using Chi-square test. Results:(1) The average MMR in Tianjin was 7.97/100 000 during the study period, showing an overall fluctuating decline. The highest MMR was 12.61/100 000 in 2014 and the lowest was 3.85/100 000 in 2019. (2) Among the dead pregnant women and parturients, non-registered residents had higher proportion of women with advanced age, no steady occupation/unemployment, below junior college education, multipara, or without maternal health manual compared with the registered residents [33.33% (8/24) vs 20.00% (13/65), χ2=46.18; 100.00%(24/24) vs 69.23%(45/65), χ2=9.53; 87.50% (21/24) vs 64.62% (42/65), χ2=4.44; 79.17% (19/24) vs 44.62% (29/65), χ2=8.42; 75.00%(18/24) vs 13.85% (9/65), χ2=31.02; all P<0.05]. (3) Direct obstetric factors and indirect factors that caused death were accounted for 57.30% (51/89) and 42.70% (38/89). The top five death causes were postpartum hemorrhage, hypertensive disease during pregnancy, sudden death, venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, and amniotic fluid embolism. (4) In terms of the maternal death review results, 39.33% (35/89) of maternal deaths were avoidable, among which 94.29% (33/35) were caused by direct obstetric factors and 5.71% (2/35) were indirect. (5) The main influencing factors of avoidable death causes were knowledge and skills inadequacy in the health care system (62.86%, 22/35), of which 86.36% (19/22) happened in health facilities at and below the district/county level. Conclusion:It is suggested to strengthen the medical care of health facilities at and below the district/county level and the maternal health management of the non-permanent residents to ensure maternal and infant safety and to further reduce the MMR.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909133

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 157 thyroid nodules from 122 participants who underwent conventional ultrasound and CEUS examination from January 2016 to January 2017 in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, China were collected. The image features were analyzed for conventional ultrasound and TI-RADS classification. According to CEUS results, the thyroid nodules were classified by TI-RADS. Based on pathological results, the efficacy of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification versus conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was investigated. Results:The area under the curve of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification (AUC = 0.900) was greater than that of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification (AUC = 0.808). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules were 81.6% (80/98), 67.8% (40/59), 76.4% (120/157), 80.8% (80/99), 68.9% (40/58), respectively. They were 98.0% (96/98), 78.0% (34/59), 90.4% (142/157), 88.1% (96/109), 95.8% (46/48), respectively for CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification. The sensitivity of CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules was significantly higher than that of conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification ( χ2 = 12.50, P < 0.001). Conclusion:CEUS combined with TI-RADS classification is more effective in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules than conventional ultrasound combined with TI-RADS classification.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 570-575, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884945

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore whether sleep quality suffers in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease(AD)and mild cognitive impairment(MCI), and to further investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and cognitive function in these patients.Methods:In this study, 30 mild AD patients, 39 MCI patients and 43 demographically matched healthy controls were enrolled.Sleep quality was assessed by the Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI), and cognitive function was assessed by the mini-mental state examination(MMSE), the Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)and a set of neuropsychological scales.The correlation of sleep quality with cognitive function was analyzed for the three groups.Results:Differences were significant in sleep time score[0.0(1.0), 1.0(2.0) vs.1.0(1.0), F=8.18, P=0.02]and daytime function score[1.0(1.0), 1.0(1.0) vs.0.0(1.0), F=8.73, P=0.01]between mild AD, MCI and health control groups.Spearman correlation analysis suggested that scores of sleep disorders were negatively correlated with DSB( r=-0.43, P=0.02)and scores of daytime function were positively correlated with ADL( r=0.39, P=0.03)in patients with mild AD.In addition, scores of sleep quality were negatively correlated with the DSB score( r=-0.40, P=0.01), scores of sleep disorders were positively correlated with ADL( r=0.45, P<0.01), scores of daytime function were negatively correlated with DSF( r=-0.42, P=0.01), DSB( r=-0.62, P<0.01)and VFT-S( r=-0.33, P=0.04), and the total PSQI score was negatively correlated with DSF( r=-0.45, P=0.01)and DSB( r=-0.44, P=0.01)in the MCI group. Conclusions:Patients with mild AD and MCI have longer sleep time and impaired daytime function than healthy people, and sleep quality is correlated with memory, attention and daily living ability in patients with mild AD and MCI.

14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 486-494, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888741

ABSTRACT

Tocilizumab has been reported to attenuate the "cytokine storm" in COVID-19 patients. We attempted to verify the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab therapy in COVID-19 and identify patients most likely to benefit from this treatment. We conducted a randomized, controlled, open-label multicenter trial among COVID-19 patients. The patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either tocilizumab in addition to standard care or standard care alone. The cure rate, changes of oxygen saturation and interference, and inflammation biomarkers were observed. Thirty-three patients were randomized to the tocilizumab group, and 32 patients to the control group. The cure rate in the tocilizumab group was higher than that in the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant (94.12% vs. 87.10%, rate difference 95% CI-7.19%-21.23%, P = 0.4133). The improvement in hypoxia for the tocilizumab group was higher from day 4 onward and statistically significant from day 12 (P = 0.0359). In moderate disease patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions, the hypoxia ameliorated earlier after tocilizumab treatment, and less patients (1/12, 8.33%) needed an increase of inhaled oxygen concentration compared with the controls (4/6, 66.67%; rate difference 95% CI-99.17% to-17.50%, P = 0.0217). No severe adverse events occurred. More mild temporary adverse events were recorded in tocilizumab recipients (20/34, 58.82%) than the controls (4/31, 12.90%). Tocilizumab can improve hypoxia without unacceptable side effect profile and significant influences on the time virus load becomes negative. For patients with bilateral pulmonary lesions and elevated IL-6 levels, tocilizumab could be recommended to improve outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , COVID-19/drug therapy , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the rapid diagnostic value of serum novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) IgM/IgG detection in COVID-19, aiming to further improve the diagnostic and screening system of COVID-19.Methods:Blood samples were collected from 32 patients with COVID-19 (tested positive for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid by RT-PCR and presented with clinical symptoms) and 34 non-COVID-19 patients (tested negative for 2019-nCoV nucleic acid by RT-PCR and clinically confirmed as non-COVID-19 patients). Colloidal gold-based immunochromatography was used for rapid detection of 2019-nCoV IgM/IgG in these samples. The sensitivity and specificity of the test, and the correlation of serum 2019-nCoV IgM/IgG with disease course were analyzed.Results:Among the 32 COVID-19 patients, nine tested positive for 2019-nCoV IgM with a positive rate of 28.1% (9/32) and 25 positive for 2019-nCoV IgG with a positive rate of 78.1% (25/32). The total positive rate was 84.4% (27/32). Two of the 34 non-COVID-19 patients tested positive for 2019-nCoV IgG with a positive rate of 5.9% (2/34), while none of them was positive for 2019-nCoV IgM. The positive rates of serum IgM were 42.9% (3/7), 30.8% (4/13) and 16.7% (2/12) at 10-20 d, 21-30 d and 31-40 d after the patients developed the symptoms of COVID-19, respectively, which showed a decreasing tread with prolonged disease course. The positive rates of serum IgG in COVID-19 patients were 57.1% (4/7), 84.6% (11/13) and 83.3% (10/12) at 10-20 d, 21-30 d and 30-40 d after symptom onset. The rate showed an increasing trend with prolonged disease course and reached the peak in about 21-30 d.Conclusions:Serum 2019-nCoV IgM/IgG detection (using colloidal gold method) had high sensitivity (84.4%) and strong specificity (94.1%) in the diagnosis of 2019-nCoV infection. It had a great value in the diagnosis and screening of COVID-19 and could be used as a valuable complementary method to the COVID-19 diagnostic system due to its advantages of flexibility, rapidity and simplicity.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 23-26, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869318

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cognitive impairment in elderly patients with minor ischemic stroke and to analyze risk factors for stroke recurrence.Methods This was a retrospective case-control study.Ninety-five elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke hospitalized in the neurology department of Second People's Hospital of Liaocheng were enrolled from January 2016 to January 2017.Based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS),all cases were divided into the minor stroke group(NIHSS score≤3,n=62)and the medium-severe stroke group(NI HSS score> 3,n =33).After 12-month follow-up,the NIHSS,modified Rankin scale(mRS)and Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA)were used to evaluate the study subjects.Results Of the 95 patients,there were 62 males(65.3%)and 33 females(34.7%),with age of(68.3 ± 6.7) years.No significant differences were found in baseline characteristics of age,male ratio,subtypes and history between two groups(all P>0.05).But,the treatment rate of intravenous thrombolysis was lower in minor stroke group than in medium-severe stroke group [6.5 % (4 cases) vs.42.4 % (14 cases) (P < 0.01)].The scores of NIHSS[(1.0±0.5)vs.(3.2± 1.1),P<0.01],mRS[(1.6±0.7)vs.(2.4± 1.1),P<0.01] were lower in the minor stroke group than in the medium-severe group.After a mean follow-up of(12.6± 1.9)months,the rate of cognitive impairment was comparable between the two groups(P >0.05),while the rate of post stroke depression had a significant difference between two groups(P<0.05).Furthermore,there was lower rate of mortality and stroke recurrence in the minor stroke group than in the medium-severe group(0.0% or 0/62 vs.30.3% or 10/33,and 21.0% or 13/62 vs.42.4% or 14/33,P<0.05).Cox proportional hazard model showed that baseline NIHSS score,diabetes and stroke history were the risk factors for stroke recurrence in patients with minor stroke(P<0.05).Conclusions The treatment rate of intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA,mortality rate and stroke recurrence rate are lower in patients with minor stroke than in patients with medium-severe stroke,while the incidence of post stroke cognitive impairment is high.High score of baseline NIHSS,diabetes and stroke history are risk factors for stroke recurrence in elderly patients with minor stroke.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between acoustic radiation force impulse imaging(ARFI) and reserve function of liver and the feasibility of liver reserve function assessment by ARFI.Methods:According to the inclusion criteria, 74 patients were screened and 71 patients were finally enrolled from Henan Province People′s Hospital during June 2017 and June 2019. The portal vein diameter (D PV), spleen length (L SP) were measured by two-dimensional ultrasound. The liver shear wave velocity (LSWV) and spleen shear wave velocity (SSWV) were measured by ARFI. Serological markers were checked, and the indocyanine green (ICG)15-minute retention rate (ICG R15) was measured by excretion test. The patients were divided into ICG R15<10% group and ICG R15≥10% group, the difference of the measurements between two groups were calculated, the correlations of the measurements and ICG R15 were analyzed. LSWV diagnostic performance for liver reserve function was evaluated by the ROC curve. Results:There were significant differences in LSWV, D PV, SSWV, L SP, aspartate transaminase(AST), alkaline phosphatase(ALP), y-glutamyl transpeptidase(γ-GGT) and albumin (ALB) between ICG R15<10% group and ICG≥10% group( P<0.05), but no significant differences in other measurements( P>0.05). The correlations between ICG R15 and LSWV( r=0.673, P<0.001), D PV( r=0.355, P<0.05), SSWV( r=0.384, P<0.05), L SP( r=0.403, P<0.001), ALP( r s=0.245, P<0.05) and ALB( r s=-0.390, P<0.05) were statistically significant. The ROC curve showed high diagnostic performance for liver reserve function assessment by LSWV. The area under the ROC curve was 0.903 (95% CI=0.810-0.961, P<0.01), and the cut-off value was 2.15 m/s (sensitivity 84.6%, specificity 86.7%). Conclusions:The LSWV can evaluate the reserve function and it is a useful supplement to the ICG excretion experiment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the empathy of patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) and its relationship with cognitive functions.Methods:A total of 35 patients with CSVD and 26 normal controls with matching gender, age and education were enrolled.The Chinese version of the interpersonal reactivity index (IRI-C) and the multifaceted empathy test(MET) were used to assess the empathy of the participants.The montreal cognitive assessment scale (MoCA), the Hamilton anxiety scale(HAMA), and the Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) were applied to assess participants' overall cognitive function and emotional state.SPSS 19.0 software was used to analyze the differences between the CSVD group and the control group, while the influencing factors of empathy were studied by Pearson correlation analysis.Results:The total scores of IRI, perspective taking(PT), fantasy(FS) and empathy concern(EC) of CSVD patients ((37.25±11.71), (6.94±4.35), (9.45±4.68) and (16.40±4.34)) were lower than those of the control group ((50.61±11.07), (11.84±3.90), (13.23±5.01), (19.69±3.03)), and the differences were statistically significant (IRI score: t=4.506, P<0.05.PT: t=4.539, P<0.05.FS: t=3.021, P<0.05.EC: t=3.308, P<0.05). The personal distress(PD) scores of CSVD group were (4.68±4.16), while(6.00±4.69) in control group, and the difference was not significant ( t=1.154, P>0.05). The MET-C results showed that there was a difference in the correct number of empathic emotion recognition between the two groups(CVSD group: (25.08±6.77), control group: (32.30±3.42), t=4.978, P<0.05), however, there was no significant difference between the two groups in emotional empathy scores ( t=1.390, P>0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total score of IRI and PT in the CSVD group were positively correlated with education level ( r=0.374, 0.471, both P<0.05). PT was positively correlated with MoCA score ( r=0.458, P=0.006). PD was positively correlated with HAMA score and HAMD score ( r=0.521, 0.541, both P<0.05). The correct number of emotion recognition was positively correlated with education level ( r=0.600, P<0.001) and MoCA score ( r=0.665, P<0.001), and negatively correlated with HAMA score( r=-0.445, P<0.05) and HAMD score ( r=-0.421, P<0.05). Conclusion:The empathy of patients with CSVD is lower than that of the normal group, and it is manifested as a decline in cognitive empathy, which is positively related to the overall cognitive function.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of nutritional risk among hospitalized patients with gynecologic tumor and provide a reference for nutritional intervention.Methods:Hospitalized patients with gynecologic tumor in a grade A class 3 hospital in Beijing were consecutively enrolled from December 2016 to December 2017. Nutritional risk was measured by nutritional risk screening 2002(NRS 2002)within the first 24 h after admission. The relevant influencing factors were analyzed.Results:A total of 1 500 hospitalized patients who met entry criteria and obtained informed consent were consecutively enrolled. The prevalence of nutritional risk was 23.1%, and 53.1 % patients had at least one nutrition-related problem. The analysis of relevant influencing factors showed that patients of age under 30 years and over 50 years( χ2=108.014, P<0.01), malignancy( χ2=112.197, P<0.01), low differentiation pathological type( χ2=251.392, P<0.01), chemotherapy( χ2=339.999, P<0.01)accompanied with vomiting( χ2=121.402, P<0.01), diarrhea( χ2=49.920, P<0.01)had the relatively high prevalence rate of nutritional risk. Pathological stage and operation had no significant effect( P>0.05). Conclusions:The prevalence of nutritional risk among hospitalized patients with gynecologic tumor is relatively high. The main relevant influencing factors include age, kinds of diseases, pathological type, chemotherapy, vomiting and diarrhea.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 23-26, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798983

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the cognitive impairment in elderly patients with minor ischemic stroke and to analyze risk factors for stroke recurrence.@*Methods@#This was a retrospective case-control study.Ninety-five elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke hospitalized in the neurology department of Second People's Hospital of Liaocheng were enrolled from January 2016 to January 2017.Based on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS), all cases were divided into the minor stroke group(NIHSS score≤3, n=62)and the medium-severe stroke group(NIHSS score>3, n=33). After 12-month follow-up, the NIHSS, modified Rankin scale(mRS)and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA)were used to evaluate the study subjects.@*Results@#Of the 95 patients, there were 62 males(65.3%)and 33 females(34.7%), with age of(68.3±6.7)years.No significant differences were found in baseline characteristics of age, male ratio, subtypes and history between two groups(all P>0.05). But, the treatment rate of intravenous thrombolysis was lower in minor stroke group than in medium-severe stroke group[6.5%(4 cases)vs.42.4%(14 cases)(P<0.01)]. The scores of NIHSS[(1.0±0.5)vs.(3.2±1.1), P<0.01], mRS[(1.6±0.7)vs.(2.4±1.1), P<0.01]were lower in the minor stroke group than in the medium-severe group.After a mean follow-up of(12.6±1.9)months, the rate of cognitive impairment was comparable between the two groups(P>0.05), while the rate of post stroke depression had a significant difference between two groups(P<0.05). Furthermore, there was lower rate of mortality and stroke recurrence in the minor stroke group than in the medium-severe group(0.0% or 0/62 vs.30.3% or 10/33, and 21.0% or 13/62 vs.42.4% or 14/33, P<0.05). Cox proportional hazard model showed that baseline NIHSS score, diabetes and stroke history were the risk factors for stroke recurrence in patients with minor stroke(P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The treatment rate of intravenous thrombolysis with rt-PA, mortality rate and stroke recurrence rate are lower in patients with minor stroke than in patients with medium-severe stroke, while the incidence of post stroke cognitive impairment is high.High score of baseline NIHSS, diabetes and stroke history are risk factors for stroke recurrence in elderly patients with minor stroke.

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