Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 24
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885346

ABSTRACT

A quality assessment tool for home care is an indicator system used to evaluate the quality of home care service. The unified and standardized quality indicators for home care can not only help to judge the quality of home care service, but more importantly, it can help identify the gaps and problems in the process, so as to improve the quality of home care service. This article summarizes some of the advanced assessment tools that have been internationally applied for the home health care and to discuss the direction for development of the assessment tools in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882660

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1) in the injury of Caco-2 intestinal epithelial barrier induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods:The Caco-2 cellular monolayer barrier was established with Transwell chamber. After the Caco-2 monolayer model was established, the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) values were measured. When the TEER value reached 500 Ω·cm 2, the cells were divided into 3 groups: control group, LPS treatment group, and LPS+ ethyl pyruvate (EP) treatment group. The concentration of LPS and EP were 100 μg/mL, 50 μg/mL, separately. Then TEER values were measured at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h, and FITC-dextran permeability was detected at 24 h. The cells were seeded on 6-well plates. After cell density reached 80%, treatments were given as the above. The real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot were used to measure the changes in the protein and mRNA expressions of Occludin, HMGB1, and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Results:Compared with the control group, the TEER values (Ω·cm 2) reduced at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h in the LPS treatment group [(514.22±12.59) vs (304.96±9.69), (521.65±13.35) vs (276.21±7.82), (523.99±8.18) vs (206.64±15.85), (491.21±6.72) vs (156.33±10.83), all P<0.05]. The FITC-dextran permeability increased significantly at 24 h [(2.58±0.07) vs (1.04±0.06), P<0.05]. The expression levels of Occludin protein and mRNA were decreased (all P<0.05), while the expression levels of HMGB1 and NF-κB protein and mRNA were significantly increased (all P<0.05). Compared with the LPS treatment group, the TEER values (Ω·cm 2) increased significantly at 12, 24, 48 and 72 h in the EP treatment group [(519.00±5.66) vs (304.96±9.69), (504.69±8.57) vs (276.21±7.82), (453.65±10.74) vs (206.64±15.85), (385.28±7.57) vs (156.33±10.83), all P<0.05]. The FITC-dextran permeability decreased at 24 h [(1.23±0.11) vs (2.58±0.07), P<0.05]. The expression level of Occludin protein and mRNA were increased ( P<0.05), while the expression levels of HMGB1 and NF-κB protein and mRNA were significantly decreased (all P<0.05). Conclusions:LPS can injure intestinal barrier directly in vitro and reduces the expression of tight junction proteins between cells. The mechanism may be related to the increased expression of HMGB1 and NF-κB protein.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 231-236, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809857

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical value of multimodal navigation-based virtual reality (MNVR) in the needle biopsy of intracranial eloquent lesions.@*Methods@#From January 2016 to January 2017, 20 patients with intracranial deep-seated lesions involving eloquent brain areas underwent MNVR-aided needle biopsy at Department of Neurosurgery, People′s Liberation Army General Hospital. Preoperatively, MNVR was used to propose and revise the biopsy planning. Intraoperatively, navigation helped trajectory avoid the eloquent structures. Intraoperative MRI (iMRI) was performed to prove the biopsy accuracy and detect the intraoperative complications. Perioperative neurological status, iMRI findings, intraoprative complications, surgical outcome and pathological diagnosis were recorded. Wilcoxon rank-sum test was conducted to compare the preoperative and postoperative neurological scores.@*Results@#MNVR helped revised 45%(9/20) initial biopsy trajectories, which would probably injury the nearby eloquent structures. Navigation helped biopsy trajectories spare the eloquent structures during the operation. No statistical difference was found between postoperative and preoperative neurological status, despite all the lesions were adjacent to eloquent areas. Additionally, 20 patients totally received 21 iMRI scanning. iMRI helped revise incorrect biopsy site in one case and detected intraoperative hemorrhage in another case, both of cases were treated immediately and effectively. No MNVR related adverse events and complications occurred.@*Conclusions@#MNVR-aided needle biopsy of intracranial eloquent lesions is a safe, novel and efficient biopsy modality. This technique is helpful to reduce the incidence of surgery related neurological deficits.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694446

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) on the expression of inflammatory factors in rats with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Methods BMSC extracted from the 4-week-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats was cultivated and identified in vitro, then the 4th passage of which was used in the experimental study. Sixty SD rats were randomly(random number) divided into three groups (n=20 in each group): Sham group (SG), MODS group (MG) and BMSC group (BG). Rats in the MG was injected by 1 mg/kg lipopolysaccaride (LPS) via great saphenous vein, rats in the SG injected with the same volume sterile phosphate buffer saline and rats in the BG infused by 1×106/cells BMSCs through the tail vein at 2 h after LPS injection. The survival rate, tissue pathological changes of the lung, liver and heart by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, organ dysfunction measurement by blood gas analysis and biochemical indicators as well as the related inflammatory factors by protein microarray and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were detected 72 h post operation. Multi-group quantitative data was analyzed by one way ANOVA, paired-comparisons by LSD-t test and the comparisons of survival curves in the three groups by Log-rank test. The value of P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results The survival rate in SG, MG and BG was 100%, 60% and 80%, respectively. The survival curves showed that the survival rate of SG was higher than the MG and BG (SG vs. MG, χ2=9.798, P=0.0017; SG vs. BG, χ2=4.333, P=0.0374), but there was no significant difference comparing the BG to the MG (χ2=2.408, P=0.1207). The tissue congestion and edema, and inflammatory cells infiltration in the lung, liver, and heart of the MG were observed by HE staining, while these changes reduced in the BG. Compared with the SG, the levels of pH and PaCO2 and lactic acid (Lac) increased significantly (all P<0.01), the level of total bilirubin (TB) significantly increased [(0.801±0.501)U/L vs. (2.533±0.382)U/L, P=0.003], while the albumin(ALB) level decreased significantly[(35.471±4.015)U/L vs. (23.202±4.872)U/L, P<0.01], and creatine kinase (CK) level increased significantly in MG [(315.670±41.402) vs. (708.250±219.201), P=0.042]. After BMSC treatment, the organ function improved significantly (all P<0.05). Gamma interferon (IFN-γ) and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) were the differential expression factors in protein chips. The results of ELISA were similar to the protein chips: compared with the SG, IFN-γ and MCP-1 expressions in the MG increased significantly (P<0.01). Compared with MG, the expressions of IFN-γ and MCP-1 decreased significantly in the BG (P<0.01). Conclusion BMSC administration could modulate the inflammatory response of MODS rats by inhibiting the levels of IFN-γ and MCP-1, and improve the organ function and the survival rate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514891

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of nutritional risk on short-term clinical outcomes after laparoscope-assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer.Methods The retrospective case-control study was conducted.The clinical data of 150 patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University between June 2014 and April 2016 were collected.According to nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002),42 and 108 patients were respectively divided into the nutritional risk group (NRS 2002 score ≥3) and non-nutritional risk group (NRS 2002 score <3).Laparoscope-assisted radical subtotal gastrectomy or total gastrectomy was performed based on tumor location.Observation indicators:(1) postoperative short-term clinical outcomes:postoperative complications,duration of postoperative hospital stay,hospital expenses,unplanned readmission within 30 days after discharging.Postoperative complications meant total complications within 30 days postoperatively,grade Ⅰ-Ⅴ of Clavien-Dindo grade was complication classification.Grade Ⅱ and above of Clavien-Dindo grade were analyzed in this research.(2) Risk factors analysis affecting occurrence of postoperative complications of patients.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as x±s and analyzed using the independent-sample t test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (Qn) and analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test.Categorical variables were described as number and percentage and analyzed by the chisquare test.Ranked data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test.Univariate analysis was done by the chi-square test.P<0.1 of univariate analysis was used to multivariate analysis.COX regression model in multivariate analysis was built using progressive condition method.Results (1) Postoperative short-term clinical outcomes:number of patients with total complications,number of patients with severe complications,duration of postoperative hospital stay,hospital expenses and number of patients with unplanned readmission within 30 days after discharging were 9,2,11 days (9 days,16 days),57 825 yuan (51 894 yuan,66 908 yuan),2 in the nutritional risk group and 16,3,11 days (9 days,13 days),55 067 yuan (49 395 yuan,62 423 yuan),8 in the non-nutritional risk group,respectively,with no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (X2=0.952,0.010,Z=-1.133,-1.691,X2 =0.048,P>0.05).Results of univariate analysis showed that age was a risk factor affecting incidence of complications after laparoscope-assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (X2 =4.468,P< 0.05).Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative hypoproteinemia was an independent risk factor affecting incidence of complications after laparoscope-assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (OR =2.797,95% confidence interval:1.053-7.435,P<0.05).Conclusion There is little poor impact of nutritional risk on short-term outcomes after laparoscope-assisted radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer,preoperative hypoproteinemia is an independent risk factor affecting occurrence of grade Ⅱ and above of postoperative complications.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 294-299, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514361

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the underlying mechanism of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSC) modulating the inflammatory response during the multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS), especially the expression of inflammatory cytokines, which will provide new theoretical and experimental basis of MODS in clinic. Methods BMSC of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat (female, 4 weeks) was extracted and cultivated, and the 4th passage were used in experimental study. According to the random number table, 60 female SD rats were divided into three groups (n = 20 per group): sham group, MODS group, BMSC group. MODS model in rats was induced by lipopolysaccaride (LPS, 1 mg/kg) via femoral vein injection. Sham group was injected with the sterile phosphate buffer saline (PBS) in the same volume. BMSC group, in which BMSC infusion was started at 2 hours after 0.5 mL LPS stimulation (1×106/cells) through the tail vein. The survival rate was observed after 72 hours in each group. Abdominal aortic blood was collected for routine blood and biochemical examination at 72 hours after operation. Protein microarray was used to detect the related 34 inflammatory cytokines. Signal ratio was defined as the differentially expressed factors when it was more than 2.0 or less than 0.5. And enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was be applied to validate the significant inflammation factor. Meanwhile, the heart, kidney, intestine tissue was harvested, then their pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining.Results 20, 12, 16 rats lived in sham group, MODS group and BMSC group respectively at 72 hours after operation. Compared with the sham group, the indicators (routine blood, liver and kidney function, myocardial enzyme) were apparently unusual, and the heart, kidney, intestine tissue were injured obviously in the MODS group. After BMSC administration, the organ function was improved and tissue damaged was alleviated significantly. Protein microarray showed that interleukin-4 (IL-4) and receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) were significantly different in 34 goal cytokines. The signal ratio change of IL-4 was 0.397, 1.124, 2.826 respectively, and the signal ratio of RAGE was 6.197, 1.552, 0.250, respectively in MODS/sham group, BMSC/sham group, BMSC/MODS group. ELISA validated the result that the expression level of IL-4 decreased significantly (ng/L:3.59±1.21 vs. 29.10±5.78) and the expression level of RAGE increased significantly (ng/L: 1.09±0.04 vs. 0.11±0.03) in MODS group as compared with sham group (bothP < 0.05). Compared with the MODS group, the level of IL-4 was obviously higher than that in BMSC group (ng/L: 9.59±2.21 vs. 3.59±1.21,P < 0.01), and RAGE decreased significantly (ng/L: 0.29±0.07 vs. 1.09±0.04,P < 0.05).Conclusions BMSC administration can regulate the expression of IL-4 and RAGE in the rats subjected to MODS. Moreover, BMSC can promote the restoration of tissue and organ function, thus improve the survival rate. BMSC may be the target in cell therapy for the inflammatory disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508364

ABSTRACT

Objective We investigated the value of endoscopic evacuation and craniotomy of the hypertensive in?tracerebral hemorrhage to determine which methods are more suitable for the patients. Methods One hundred twenty pa?tients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage participated this study. They were divided into classic surgical evalua?tion group (n=60) and endoscopic surgical evaluation group (n=60) according to their corresponding surgery strategies. Each patient was assessed by the preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the mean rate and time of hematoma evacua?tion from onset to operation, the postoperative GCS, the mean time of admission in neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) and Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) at 3 month after surgery. Results The continuous (≥3 months) follow-up surveys were all completed by 120 patients. There was no statistical difference in clinical data before operation between two groups (P>0.05). However, clearance of hematoma was much faster and more efficient in endoscopic surgical group than in classic surgical evaluation group (1.5 ± 0.4 vs.3.9 ± 0.6 h, P<0.01; 95.84 ± 2.72% vs.87.48 ± 7.84%, P<0.01). The GCS scores were 10(6,12),12(8,13) and 13(10,13) in endoscopic surgical group whereas were 6(5,9),7(5,11).8(5, 12) in craniotomy group at 1,3 and 7 d followed operation. GCS scores were higher in surgical group than in craniotomy group at all time points (P<0.01). In addition, patients receiving endoscopic treatment showed a shorter NICU admission time than those receiving craniotomy (3.55±4.21d vs. 9.10±4.72d, P<0.01). The intracranial infection and hypostatic pneumonia were sig?nificantly lower in endoscopic than in craniotomy surgery group (0 vs.6 cases; 5 vs. 41 cases, P<0.05). The endoscopic treatment significantly improved the GOS score compared with craniotomy [3(3, 4)vs. 2(2, 3)] (P<0.01). Conclusion Endoscopic evacuation of hematoma for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is efficient and minimally invasive, which is superior to craniotomy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669808

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy and reliability of the ABC/2 formula for measurement of intrace?rebral hematoma (ICH) volume by comparing it with software 3D-Slicer. Methods Computed tomographic image data of 184 patients with spontaneous ICH were collected. Hematoma volumes were estimated by using the ABC/2 formula and 3D-Slicer. Based on the volume calculated by 3D-Slicer, patients were further divided into three groups. Group 1 con?tained 55 patients with volume less than 30 ml, group 2 contained 68 patients with volume of 30-60 ml, and group 3 con?tained 61 patients with volume larger than 60 mL. Shape of the ICH was divided into regular (59 cases), irregular with frayed margins (107 cases) and multilobular (18 cases). Results of these two methods were compared according to hemato?ma size and shape. Results The estimated hematoma volume was (58.85 ± 37.38) mL in the ABC/2 formula and (50.08 ± 31.10) mL in 3D Slicer. The ABC/2 formula produced a mean overestimation of 8.77 mL and the mean percent deviation was 17.23%. The mean estimation errors were 2.90 mL (16.22%), 5.89 mL (13.55%), and 17.27 mL (18.76%) in groups 1, 2, and 3 when patients were grouped by hematoma size. The estimation errors were 3.46mL (8.76%), 7.99 mL (17.26%), and 30.81 mL (38.26%) in regular, irregular and multilobular hematomas when patients were grouped by shape. Conclusions The ABC/2 formula is a rough method for volume assessment of intracerebral hematoma and produc?es significant estimation errors. The size of estimation errors largely depends on hematoma shape.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 772-775, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308483

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical efficacy of ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) assisted by neuroendoscopy and laparoscopy for treatment of communicating hydrocephalus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to January 2014, 209 cases (male 93, female 116) who suffered communicating hydrocephalus performed VPS with neuroendoscopy and laparoscopy in Department of Neurosurgery of People's Liberation Army General Hospital. The age of the patients were from 7 months to 79 years (mean 38.1 years), average duration were 20 days to 4 years (mean (2.4 ± 0.7) months). Neuroendoscopy and laparoscopy were used to help respectively to place shunt catheter to better position, both in the ventricle and peritoneal cavity. The effect of subsequent shunt system survival was analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 209 patients received 255 times of VPS. All operations were successfully completed. No craniotomy or open operation were needed for technical-related complications. Forty-six revisions were performed in all patients. After the operation, 203 patients with hydrocephalus improved at different level after surgery. Thirteen cases occurred intracranial hypotension syndrome and improved after the pressure adjusted. All patients were followed up for 1 month to 4 years, with a median follow-up time of 2.1 years, while the shunt system efficiencies were 91.0%, 86.7%, 83.9% and 82.0% respectively from the end of the 1st year to the end of the 4th year.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For VPS, neuroendoscopy and laparoscopy can respectively help to place shunt catheter to better position, both in the ventricle and peritoneal cavity. Hence, the combination of these two modalities can reduce the failure rate of shunt catheter insertion and has significant impact on shunt system survival.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Catheters , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hydrocephalus , General Surgery , Infant , Laparoscopes , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroendoscopes , Neurosurgical Procedures , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 340-344, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336631

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical value of high-field-strength intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) combined with optic radiation neuro-navigation for the resection of temporal lobe low-grade gliomas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2009 to September 2013, 65 patients with temporal lobe low-grade gliomas (WHO grade II) involving optic radiation were operated with iMRI and functional neuro-navigation. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) based fiber tracking was used to delineate optic radiation. The reconstructed optic radiations were integrated into a navigation system, in order to achieve intraoperative microscopic-based functional neuro-navigation. iMRI was used to update the images for both optic radiations and residual tumors. Volumetric analyses were performed using 3D Slicer for pre- and intra-operative tumor volumes in all cases. All patients were evaluated for visual field deficits preoperatively and postoperatively. The Student t test was used to evaluate the average rate of extent of resection between groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to assess correlations between predictors and epilepsy prognosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Preoperative tumor volumes were (78±40) cm3. In 29 cases, iMRI scan detected residual tumor that could be further resected, and extent of resection were increased from 76.2% to 92.7% (t=7.314, P<0.01). In 19 cases (29.2%), gross total resection was accomplished, and iMRI contributed directly to 8 of these cases. Postsurgical follow-up period varied from 13 months to 59 months, mean (33±13) months. Tumor progression were observed in 3 patients, newly developed or deteriorated visual field defects occurred in 4 patients (6.2%). For patients with pre-operative seizures, Engel Class I were achieved for 89.7% of them. Spearman rank correlation analysis revealed that seizure outcome (Engel Class) was related to increased excision of ratio (r=-0.452, P=0.004, 95% CI: -0.636--0.261) and larger tumors (r=0.391, P=0.014, 95% CI: 0.178-0.484).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>With iMRI and functional neuro-navigation, the optic radiation can be accurately located, while extent of resection can be evaluated intra-operatively. This technique is safe and helpful for preservation of visual field for the resection of temporal lobe low-grade gliomas involving optic radiation.</p>


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Glioma , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuronavigation , Temporal Lobe , General Surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 860-864, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349243

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of magnetic resonance three dimensional sampling perfection with application optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolution (3D-SPACE) sequences in diagnosis and surgical strategy modification for obstructive hydrocephalus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2013 to July 2014, there were 152 cases admitted in People's Liberation Army General Hospital suffered from hydrocephalus, including 88 male patients and 64 female patients aging from 8 months to 79 years. All patients were performed magnetic resonance T2WI and 3D-SPACE sequence scanning before operation. Surgical strategy was made after evaluation of 3D-SPACE sequence. Non-communicating hydrocephalus was treated with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and communicating hydrocephalus was treated with ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. According to MR images of direct observation to site of obstruction to determine the detection rate. MRI 3D-SPACE and cranial CT examination were performed in regular follow-up studies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The relevance ratio of 3D-SPACE for the diagnosis of non-communicating hydrocephalus was 98.3% (114/116), while the relevance ratio of conventional T2-weighted MRI was 72.4% (84/116). Among the 152 patients, there were 36 cases with cerebral aqueduct film obstruction, 22 cases with space-occupying lesions in pineal region, posterior part of the third ventricle, or space-occupying lesions in quadrigeminal bodies area, 10 cases with Dandy-Walker symptom, 18 cases with cyst of the anterior pool of the bridge, 16 cases with cysticercosis, 4 cases with cyst of lateral ventricle, 2 cases with cyst of fourth ventricle, 2 cases with space-occupying lesion in foramen ofmonro, 2 cases with foramen ofmonro atresia, 4 cases with craniopharyngioma, 36 cases with communicating hydrocephalus. There were 112 hydrocephalus cases (73.7%) were treated with ETV, without shunt catheter insertion in follow-up study from 1 to 18 months (average (14±9) months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For obstructive hydrocephalus, MRI 3D-SPACE sequence image has high diagnostic yield rate for providing more detailed anatomical information than conventional MRI. Hence, the advanced imaging methods are helpful for surgical treatment strategy decision making.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Craniopharyngioma , Pathology , Cysts , Pathology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydrocephalus , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Pineal Gland , Pathology , Third Ventricle , Ventriculostomy , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-748535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the applicative value of multimodal navigation combined with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging system in the treatment of complex lesions of middle skull base.@*METHOD@#Nineteen consecutive patients undergoing complex lesions resection using multimodal microscopic navigation combined with iMRI were included. Preoperative radiological images were imported into navigation planning system, based on which approach and microsurgical window were designed. Transcranial approach and extracranial approach(include trans-oral-nasal-sphenoidal approach and transsphenoidal approach) were performed in our series. After presumptively total resection were finished, intraoperative magnetic resonance (iMRI)were performed, followed by navigation images updating, and continuing resection if necessary.@*RESULT@#iMRI scan were performed from 1 time to 2 times. In 5 cases with residual seen on iMRI scan, continued resection were carried on in 2 of them. There was no iMRI-associated complications.@*CONCLUSION@#Microscopic-based neuronavigation, in combination with intraoperative magnetic resonance, could provide objective basis for resection, and improve the safety level of tumor resection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Microsurgery , Methods , Middle Aged , Neurosurgical Procedures , Skull Base , General Surgery
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 584-588, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate and explore the optimal surgical strategy for the normalized treatment of pineal region tumors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2007 to February 2012, 43 patients were treated in Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital, including 30 male and 14 female patients, with pineal region tumors and non-communicating hydrocephalus were enrolled, who were 1-52 years old, mean age was (27 ± 4) years. The clinical records, treatment strategy, and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients routinely underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and tumor biopsy as the initial treatment. Twenty-seven cases (62.8%, pure endoscopic group) with histological diagnosis of germinoma (23 cases) or pineoblastoma (4 cases) were treated with chemotherapy with/without radiation therapy after ETV. The rest 16 cases (37.2%, craniotomy group) with histological diagnosis of non-germinoma and non-pineoblastoma (5 astrocytomas, 4 pineocytomas, 4 teratomas, 2 ependymomas, and 1 pineopappiloma) had craniotomy and tumor resection after ETV. All the cases had routine follow-up at 1, 3, and 6 months after the final surgery. The clinical, imaging, and tumor markers analysis were routinely examined at follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the pure endoscopic group, 1 case had intra-ventricular hemorrhage after ETV, followed by external ventricular drainage and recovered after 1 week. Endoscopic procedure related short-term ( < 3 months) complication rate was 2.3% (1/43), while long-term morbidity was 0. All cases in the pure endoscopic group had chemotherapy with/without radiation therapy. Long-term follow-up results showed that all cases were cured or had progression free survival (PFS). In the craniotomy group, 2 cases (2/16) developed intra-cranial hemorrhage after surgery, and had to be operated again for hematoma evacuation. In the craniotomy group, the short-term ( < 3 months) morbidity rate was 6/16. At 3 months follow-up, 1 case still had homonymous hemianopia, which made the long-term morbidity rate was 1/16.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For pineal region tumors with non-communicating hydrocephalus, simultaneous ETV with tumor biopsy can be the most favorable initial diagnostic and therapeutic treatment. Second-stage treatment (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or craniotomy with tumor resection) can be selected according to the histological diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Brain Neoplasms , General Surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hydrocephalus , Pathology , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Pineal Gland , Pinealoma , General Surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventriculostomy , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254376

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the change of postoperative fatigue in rats after the effect of branched chain amino acid(BCAA) and associated antagonists on central neurotransmitter 5-HT metabolic pathway, and to investigate the role of 5-HT in the development of postoperative fatigue syndrome(POFS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group(C group, n=10), model group(M group, n=10), L-type amino acid transporter inhibitor group(L group, n=10), 5-HT uptake inhibitor group(F group, n=10) and branched chain amino acids(B group, n=10). The rats in the C group and the M group were injected with normal saline, while other three groups were respectively injected with BCH, fluoxetine, BCAA(val:leucine:isoleucine=5:3:2), on preoperative 1 h, postoperative day 1, 2, 3, 4. The rats, except for those in the C group, underwent resection of 70% of the middle small intestine with end-to-end anastomosis. General status of the rats was observed before and after surgery. Morris water maze test, including the hidden platform test and search space test (detecting the learning ability of rats) and tail suspension test (detecting physical endurance of rats) were used to evaluate the degree of POFS from postoperative day 1 to day 7. Concentration of tryptophan(TRP), 5-HT, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in different position of brain(hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus) of rats were measured by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) at postoperative day 8.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>As compared to the M group, other four groups showed better general condition and less fatigue. In the hidden platform test, M group showed the least time of crossing platform as compared to other four groups(all P<0.05). Meanwhile, M group and B group performed the longer incubation period than C group and L group(all P<0.05). In search space test, M group and B group showed less time of crossing platform, but there were no significant differences among the groups(all P>0.05). In tail suspension test, M group and F group showed lower score of physical strength than L group and B group(all P<0.05). Levels of TRP in the L, F, B groups were lower compared to the M group(all P<0.01) in brain tissue. The least concentration of striatum 5-HT was found in the C group but there were no significant differences among the M, L, F and B groups. Level of 5-HIAA in the M group, only in hypothalamus, was higher than that in the F group(P<0.05), but no significant differences between the M group and the L and B groups were found.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BCAA and associated antagonists (BCH, fluoxetine) can improve POFS by reducing the absorption of TRP that results in decreased synthesis of central 5-HT.</p>


Subject(s)
Amino Acids, Branched-Chain , Pharmacology , Animals , Fatigue , Drug Therapy , Intestine, Small , General Surgery , Postoperative Period , Rats , Serotonin , Metabolism , Serotonin Antagonists , Pharmacology , Tryptophan
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 35-38, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314747

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the techniques and efficacy of neuronavigation-guided puncture and drainage in the treatment of brain abscesses.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From February 2006 to December 2012, 31 patients with brain abscesses treated by the technique of neuronavigation-guided puncture and drainage were retrospectively analyzed. There were 27 male and 4 female patients, age ranged from 10 months to 69 years, average (34 ± 19) years.Single brain abscesses were found in 26 patients, multiple abscesses in 5 patients. The abscesses were located in eloquent regions in 19 patients. The mean diameter of the abscess was 4.1 cm (2.5-6.7 cm). The first follow-up visit was on the first month after surgery, and if residual was observed on enhanced MRI, then the patient was followed up every 3 months until the abscess disappeared completely. After residual absorbed, the patient was followed up every year.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Incisions of all patients were healed well and no infection. The length of hospital stay after surgery was 6-42 days, mean (14 ± 9) days. Bacterial culture of pus was performed regularly including aerobic, anaerobic and fungal culture after surgery. Thirteen patients had positive culture whereas the other 18 patients had negative culture. The duration of antibiotic use was 18-42 days, mean (22 ± 5) days. All the patients were followed up for 3 months to 3 years. Twenty-nine patients recovered well postoperatively, 1 case died 2 months after operation.One case was performed the second drainage after 10 days from the first surgery.Eighteen patients showed the improvement of neurological status within the first day following surgery, 4 patients got improvement in the next day, 1 patient with hemiplegia showed improvement in 10 days postoperatively, 1 patient with aphasia recovered gradually after 1 month, 1 patient with hemiplegia showed deterioration temporarily after surgery, and recovered gradually after 15 days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The technique of puncture and drainage guided by neuronavigation has many advantages to treat brain abscesses, such as small trauma, short operation time, high accuracy and safety, simple surgical procedures and good prognosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Brain Abscess , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Drainage , Methods , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Neuronavigation , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 280-284, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314710

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility, reliability and accuracy of the automated magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) guided frameless brain biopsy with intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between July 2011 and July 2013, a consecutive series of 93 patients were prospectively enrolled. All the patients had intracranial lesions which need biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. Among them, 48 patients were male, 45 patients were female. Their age range from 7 years to 76 years, the median age was 47 years. All patients underwent MRS examination. With MRS automatic fusion technique, the metabolic images were integrated into a standard navigation system (Vario Guide) to guide frameless biopsy. High-field iMRI (1.5 T) was used for target inspection, brain shift correction, and intra-operative exclusion of intra-cerebral hemorrhage and other complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For all the 93 patients, (1)H-MRS based metabolic images could be automatically integrated into a standard navigation system and average fusion procedure could be taken 5 minutes 6 seconds. For (1)H-MRS guided stereotactic biopsy of intracranial lesions, the diagnosis yield rate was 94.6% (88/93). Four cases did not get a clear pathological diagnosis, while 1 case did not match the pathological diagnosis result which obtained by following craniotomy. Technical related complication rate was 2.2% (2 cases, intra-cerebral hemorrhage), which were intra-operatively depicted with iMRI, and managed properly. Among them, 1 case with small volume (5 ml) intracerebral hematoma fully recovered 10 days after surgery without second surgical intervention. One case with large volume intracerebral hematoma (32 ml) was depicted with iMRI, followed by craniotomy and hematoma evacuation in the same session. This case had no new or worsened neurologic deficit post-operatively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>(1)H-MRS based metabolic imaging can be automatically integrated into a standard navigation system and used for frameless brain biopsy. The target can be selected according to the metabolic status of the lesion. Hence, the target can be more accurate. And the pathological diagnosis yield rate is higher. With iMRI, the method is safe, and has high clinical efficacy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Biopsy , Methods , Brain , Pathology , Brain Neoplasms , Pathology , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neuronavigation , Methods , Prospective Studies , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Stereotaxic Techniques , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the reliability and accuracy of arcuate fasciculus (AF) navigation for AF localization and reconstruction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Reconstruction of the AF and assessment of the aphasia quotient (AQ) were performed in 43 cases before and after surgical removal of lesions in the language area of the brain. The minimal distance between the AF and the lesion (D(1)), preoperative AQ (AQ(1)), the minimal distance between the AF and the surgical cavity (D(2)), and the postoperative AQ (AQ(2)) were measured. Linear correlation analysis was conducted between D(1) or D(2) and the corresponding AQ(1) or AQ(2) to assess the relationship between the AF and language function. The language function of each patient was evaluated postoperatively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AF was successfully reconstructed in all the cases. The tractography results of the identical AF generated by 3 different users showed good congruency. A positive linear correlation was demonstrated between D(1) and AQ(1) (P<0.001) and between D(2) and AQ(2) (P=0.001). Only two patients (4.7%) showed language deficits at postoperative follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AF navigation is a reliable and accurate technique for AF reconstruction and localization and helps to preserve the language function after surgical removal of lesions in the language area of the brain.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Female , Humans , Language Disorders , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Nerve Fibers , Neuronavigation , Reproducibility of Results , Young Adult
18.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 32-35,40, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-584217

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the stamina,the role of antioxidant system in severe acute pancreatitis(SAP),and the effect of fish oil treatment in rats.Methods:Thirty-six male Sprague-Dawley rats(SD) were randomly divided into three groups,including SAP group(sodium chloride treatment ) (group NSG,n=12),fish oil treatment group (group FOG,n=12),and control group (group CG,n=12).SAP was induced by intergraded injection of 3.5% sodium tanrocholate to biliopancreatic duct of SD rats in group NSG and FOG.The group NSG rats were treated by subcutaneous injection of sodium chloride,while the group FOG rats were treated by subcutaneous injection of fish oil for 7 days.Then the improved tail suspension test was observed at the first,third,fifth,seventh day.12 rats in each group were respectively sacrificed after 7 day.The activity of serum antioxidant enzymes (MDA,GSH-PH) and the concentration of serum amylase were measured in each group,and the levels of threshold on the area and the total immobility time were measured in each group.The severity of pancreatitis was analyzed according to the histopathological morphology.Results: Compared to group NSG,the severity of pancreatitis was significantly decreased in group FOG.The activity of MDA was significantly increased in group NSG than that in group CG (P<0.01) ,while the activity of MDA in group FOG was decreased than that in group NSG (P<0.05) .The activity of GSH-PH was significantly decreased in group NSG than that in group CG(P<0.01),while the activity of GSH-PH was increased in group GOG than that in group NSG (P<0.05).THE level of threshold on the area was decreased in group NSG than that in group CG(P<0.01),while the level of threshold on the area was increased in group GOG than that in group NSG.(P<0.01) The total immobility time was significantly increased in group NSG than that in group CG(P<0.01),while the total immobility time was decreased in group GOG than that in group NSG(P<0.05).MDA was associated with the level of threshold on the area and the total immobility time.Conclusion: Fish oil has a positive effect on the activity of antioxidant system and behavior character in SAP rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-386500

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutical effects of enteral nutrition (EN) combined with panaxoside Rb1 on mouse modles of postoperative fatigue syndrome. Methods Totally, 72 male Sprague-Dawley mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, EN group, EN associated with high/middle/low dose panaxoside Rb1 groups (EHP group, EMP group, and ELP group, n = 12 in each group). Changes in body weight were measured before and after interventions. Learning and memory playback abilities, physical strength,and vim state were evaluate by Morris Water Maze test and Improved Tail Suspension test. Serum transferrin, prealbumin, fibronectin, and interleukin-2 levels were measured with ELISA. Serum albumin level was assayed with Bromcresol Green colorimetric technique. CD4 + and CD8 + proportions were assayed by flow cytometry. Results The body weight grew alternately in each group without significant differences ( P > 0.05 ) except for model group.The latency period was significantly shorter in EN combined with panaxoside Rbl group than that in model group ( P < 0. 05 ) , and the frequencies of crossing platform in EHP group and EMP group were significantly higher than those in model group ( P < 0. 01 ). The areas of struggling above domain in EHP group and EMP group were significantly larger than those in model group ( P < 0. 05 ), and the accumulated static time of rest in EHP group, EMP group, and ELP group was significantly shorter than that in model group ( P < 0.05 ). Serum transferrin, prealbumin, fibronectin levels in EN combined with panaxoside Rb1 group were significantly higher than those in model group ( all P < 0.05 ). The CD4 + T proportion and interleukin-2 level in EHP group, EMP group, and ELP group were significantly higher than those in model group (both P <0.05 ); however, CD8 + T proportion was not significantly different between three panaxoside Rbl groups and model group (P > 0. 05 ). Conclusion EN combined with panaxoside Rb1 can improve postoperative fatigue syndrome in a dose-dependent way, which may be explained by the fact that it can strengthen the postoperative nutrition, restrain hypermetabolism, and increase immunity.

20.
Chinese Journal of Diabetes ; (12): 334-337, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423687

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of the level of serum C-peptide(C-P)with albumin-to-creatinine ratio(ACR)and nerve conduction velocity(NCV)in patients with T2DM.Methods The study included 132 patients with T2DM and 30 healthy controls.The NCV,ACR,fasting C-P and C-P at 2hOGTT(FC-P and 2hC-P)and plasma glucose(PG)were measured.The patients were separated into three groups of Ⅰ(45 cases),Ⅱ(52 cases)and Ⅲ(35 cases).The patients were further classified into two groups of normal NCV(70 cases)and abnormal NCV(62 cases).Results ①The differences of FC-P and 2hC-P among the ACR groups were significant(all P<0.05).②The ACR was correlated with course,2hC-P,2hPG significantly(all P<0.01).The sequence of the impact degree on ACR was from course(Beta:0.592)to 2hC-P(Beta:-0.297)and to 2hPG(Beta:0.201).③The levels of serum 2hC-P were significantly and gradually decreased in the groups of NCV(P<0.01).④The serum 2hC-P concentration was associated with ACR and NCV in different stages(P<0.01).Conclusions ①The level of serum C-P is tightly correlated with the vascular and neural dysfunction in T2DM.②Course,2hPG and 2hC-P may be the risk factors for ACR

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL