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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 358-362, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875695

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects and correlation of gross motor intervention on social skills of autistic children. To provide new ideas for rehabilitation intervention of autistic children s social ability.@*Methods@#Recruiting 23 autistic children through WeChat in Nanchang, randomly divided into experimental groups (n=13) and control group (n=10). The experimental group underwent 6 weeks of large muscle exercise intervention, in the control group, Test of Gross Motor Development 3 (TGMD3), Social Responsiveness Scale(SRS) and the Autism Social Skills Scale (ASSS) examined changes in social skills, and analyze the relationship between sports and social ability.@*Results@#TGMD-3 score in the intervention group before intervention was (34.31±9.79) and increased significantly after intervention (59.77±13.92)(t=-15.28, P<0.01). There was no statistical significance before and after experiment in the control group (P>0.05). The scores of SRS and ASSS in the experimental group were (96.77±15.79, 97.31±29.22) before the intervention, and (82.92±15.86, 117.62±24.93) after the intervention, and the differences were statistically significant(t=4.55, -5.61, P<0.01). The difference between the SRS and ASSS scores of the control group before and after experiment was not statistically significant(P>0.05). Both the TGMD-3 score and the object manipulation score were related to the SRS total score (r=-0.49, -0.45) and ASSS total score(r=0.54, 0.51)(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Gross motor intervention can improve the motor and social skills of children with autism, and there is a positive correlation between motor ability and social skills in children with autism.

2.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 299-302, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the level of iodine nutrition in the areas with iodine deficiency and high iodine in Anyang City of Henan Province, and to provide a basis for taking targeted prevention and treatment measures and scientific adjustment of intervention strategies.Methods:In 2019, three areas with iodine deficiency (median iodine in water < 10 μg/L) and three areas with high water iodine (median iodine in water > 100 μg/L) were selected from counties (cities and districts) in Anyang City by stratified random sampling. Children aged 8-10 and pregnant women were selected in areas with high iodine and areas with iodine deficiency, respectively. Urine samples and salt samples were collected and tested, and children's thyroids were examined by B-mode ultrasound.Results:A total of 654 salt samples were collected in iodine deficiency areas, among which non-iodized salt accounted for 1.83% (12/654). A total of 628 salt samples were collected from areas with high iodine, among which non-iodized salt accounted for 6.05% (38/628). The difference in non-iodized salt rate between the two areas was statistically significant (χ 2=15.19, P < 0.05). A total of 654 urine samples were collected from children in iodine deficiency areas, with a median of 211.15 μg/L of urinary iodine, and 628 urine samples were collected from high iodine areas, with a median of 390.50 μg/L of urinary iodine. The difference was statistically significant ( U=- 18.34, P < 0.05). A total of 300 urine samples were collected from pregnant women in iodine deficiency areas, with a median of 223.95 μg/L, and 127 urine samples were collected from pregnant women in high iodine areas, with a median of 258.00 μg/L. The difference was statistically significant ( U=- 4.07, P < 0.05). The thyroid volume of 560 children in the iodine deficient areas was detected, and the swelling rate was 1.43% (8/560). The thyroid volume of 628 children in high iodine areas was detected, and the swelling rate was 2.07% (13/628). Conclusion:The iodine nutrition level of the population in the iodine deficiency areas of Anyang City is appropriate, while the iodine nutrition level of the population in the water source high iodine areas is excessive.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of short-term prognosis, and construct a 30-day mortality risk prediction model for patients with cardiogenic shock in Xinjiang region with nomogram.Methods:The clinical data of 295 patients with cardiogenic shock from 2013 to 2019 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors for 30-day death in patients with cardiogenic shock, the nomogram was used to construct a prediction model for the risk of death in patients with cardiogenic shock, and the consistency coefficient and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the model.Results:Among 295 patients, 182 died at 30 d (death group) and 113 survived (survival group). There were statistical differences in gender, age, ICU time, systolic blood pressure, white blood cell, neutrophil count, red blood cell distribution width (RDW), prothrombin time, potassium, blood glucose, serum creatinine, total bilirubin, bicarbonate, base excess, lactic acid, brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-proBNP), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and the percentage of respiratory failure, liver disease, kidney disease between death group and survival group ( P<0.01 or<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis results showed that NT-proBNP, prothrombin time, cTnI, lactic acid and systolic blood pressure were independent risk factors of death in patients with cardiogenic shock ( OR = 1.00, 1.10, 1.30, 1.29 and 1.04; 95% CI 1.00 to 1.00, 1.01 to 1.18, 1.00 to 1.68, 1.01 to 1.65 and 1.02 to 1.07; P<0.01 or<0.05). The independent factors obtained from multivariate analysis were combined with clinical practice, Akaike information criterion (AIC) analysis was conducted to select modeling variables, and the variables included in the nomogram model were NT-proBNP, prothrombin time, cTnI and lactic acid. After 500 times of internal Bootstrap self-sampling verification of the nomogram model, the C index was 0.805, area under the curve was 0.846, and the optimum threshold value was 0.486, with a sensitivity of 78.6% and a specificity of 83.1%. Conclusions:NT-proBNP, prothrombin time, cTnI and lactic acid are the related influencing factors for the short-term prognosis of patients with cardiogenic shock, and the related nomogram prediction model is constructed, which has guiding significance for the early intervention of cardiogenic shock.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799768

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct a nursing intervention program for patients with coronary heart disease based on the theory of Omaha intervention system, and to provide evidence for the specialist nursing of patients with coronary heart disease.@*Methods@#Based on the Omaha intervention system, the specialist nursing intervention plan for patients with coronary heart disease was preliminarily established on the basis of reviewing the medical records, and was modified by the Delphi method.@*Results@#Reviewing the medical records combined with the Omaha intervention system, preliminary development of nursing intervention programs for patients with coronary heart disease. The expert inquiry letter of the intervention program was 2 rounds, and the expert positive coefficients of the 2 rounds of inquiry letters were 91.67% and 93.94%, the authoritative coefficient was 0.92, and the Kendall Harmony Coefficient was 0.34 and 0.47 respectively. The specialist nursing intervention for patients with coronary heart disease was finally determined.@*Conclusion@#The nursing intervention plan for patients with coronary heart disease based on Omaha theory has a good theoretical basis and has been unanimously recognized by experts.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of B lymphocyte induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) in peripheral blood CD4 + T cells, CD19 + B cells and labial glands of patients with primary Sj?gren′s syndrome (pSS) and the correlation of Blimp-1 with clinical features. Methods:Expression of PRDM1 at mRNA level in CD4 + T cells, CD19 + B cells and labial gland tissues were detected by RT-PCR. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to observe the distribution of Blimp-1. Correlation of PRDM1 expression at mRNA level with clinical indicators was analyzed. Results:PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in CD4 + T and CD19 + B cells were significantly higher in pSS group than in healthy control (HC) group ( P<0.01). Based on European League Against Rheumatism Sj?gren′s Syndrome Disease Activity Index (ESSDAI), the patients were classified into two groups: active group (ESSDAI≥5) and inactive group (ESSDAI<5). PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in CD4 + T and CD19 + B cells were also higher in the active group than in inactive group ( P<0.05). Blimp-1 protein accumulated around the acinus and duct of labial gland and in the germinal center in pSS patients. PRDM1 expression at mRNA level in labial gland tissues of pSS patients was positively correlated with lymphocyte infiltration ( r=0.781, P<0.001). Conclusions:pSS displayed high expression of Blimp-1. Blimp-1 might affect pSS disease activity and have clinical significance in pSS treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871267

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effects of leflunomide on salivary gland secretion hypofunction in NOD mice with Sjogren′s syndrome.Methods:NOD mice were randomly divided into four groups: prevention group, prevention control group, treatment group and treatment control group. Salivary flow rate was measured after pilocarpine stimulation. Changes in the average number and area of infiltrating lesions were compared after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The percentages of CD3 + T, CD4 + T, CD8 + T, CD44 + CD62L -CD4 + T, CD19 + B and CD138 + B cells in submandibular gland and spleen were detected by flow cytometry. The levels of TNF-α, IL-17A and IL-6 in serum were detected by CBA method. Results:The salivary flow rate ( t=-5.81, P<0.001; t=-3.61, P<0.05), the number of infiltrating lesions( t=3.95, P<0.01; t=4.94, P<0.001)and the average area of infiltrating lesions( t=3.18, P<0.05; t=2.35, P<0.05)were significantly ameliorated in the prevention and treatment groups. Moreover, CD3 + CD4 + T cells( t=2.39, P<0.05; t=3.82, P<0.01)and CD44 + CD62L -CD4 + T cells( t=3.53, P<0.05; t=3.36, P<0.05)in the submandibular gland were significantly decreased. CD3 + T( t=6.08, P<0.001; t=2.76, P<0.05), CD3 + CD4 + T ( t=3.73, P<0.05; t=2.39, P<0.05), CD19 + B ( t=5.88, P<0.001; t=4.23, P<0.01) and CD138 + B cells ( t=4.30, P<0.001; t=4.46, P<0.01) in the spleen were also significantly reduced. Serum IL-17A ( t=4.15, P<0.01; t=3.36, P<0.01) in the two groups and TNF-α ( t=4.56, P<0.001) in the prevention group were down-regulated, but no significant difference was observed in IL-6 level. Conclusions:This study suggested that leflunomide could prevent and improve salivary gland hypofunction and inhibit immune activation in NOD mice, providing reference for evaluating leflunomide in the treatment of Sjogren′s syndrome.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) during pregnancy at advanced maternal age for their second child at advanced maternal age, and to explore the relationship with neonatal outcomes.Methods:This study involved 1 965 women of advanced maternal age who delivered the second child in the Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from July 1 to December 31, 2017. Clinical data of these women and their newborns were collected through the electronic medical record information system. According to pre-pregnancy BMI, all subjects were divided into four groups: underweight group (<18.5 kg/m 2, n=139), normal weight group (18.5-23.9 kg/m 2, n=1 342), overweight group (24.0-27.9 kg/m 2, n=404) and obese group (≥28.0 kg/m 2, n=80). According to the GWG standard recommended by the American Institute of Medicine (IOM) in 2009, they were also divided into three groups: inadequate GWG group ( n=478), normal GWG group ( n=884) and excessive GWG group ( n=603). Mann-Whitey U test, Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used as statistical methods. Effects of pre-pregnancy BMI and GWG on gestational age and birth weight of the newborns were analyzed by binary and multi-class logistic regression models. Results:The median pre-pregnancy BMI of the 1 965 women was 22.1 (20.3-23.9) kg/m 2 and patients with abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI accounted for 31.7% (623/1 965). Their median GWG was 13.0 (10.0-16.0) kg and 55.0% (1 081/1 965) of them were abnormal. Compared with normal pre-pregnant weight women, overweight and obesity subjects were associated with increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.100, 95% CI: 1.398-3.156), low birth weight infants (LBWI) ( OR=3.187, 95% CI: 1.892-5.367) and macrosomia ( OR=1.758, 95% CI: 1.182-2.614); pre-pregnancy underweight reduced the incidence of large for gestational age (LGA) infants ( OR=0.476, 95% CI: 0.236-0.960). Compared with the normal GWG group, the inadequate GWG group had increased risks of preterm birth ( OR=2.316, 95% CI: 1.530-3.505) and LBWI ( OR=1.850, 95% CI: 1.103-3.104), while the excessive GWG group showed increased risks of macrosomia ( OR=1.828, 95% CI: 1.225-2.726) and LGA infants ( OR=1.955, 95% CI: 1.448-2.640), but a reduced risk of LBWI ( OR=0.359, 95% CI: 0.193-0.667) and small for gestational age infants ( OR=0.452, 95% CI: 0.240-0.852). Conclusions:Both abnormal pre-pregnancy BMI (underweight, overweight and obese) and GWG (inadequate and excessive) have adverse effects on neonatal outcomes in women of advanced age in pregnancy for their second baby. Weight management should be addressed during the whole pregnancy, including both adjusting the pre-pregnancy BMI to normal range and maintaining reasonable GWG, so as to reduce potential adverse outcomes in newborns.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870152

ABSTRACT

Sj?gren′s syndrome is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by lymphocyte proliferation and progressive exocrine gland damage. In China, standardized diagnosis and treatment for Sj?gren′s syndrome lags behind other common rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Based on the evidence and guidelines from China and other countries, Chinese Sj?gren′s Syndrome Collaborative Research Group together with stomatologist and ophthalmologist developed Standardization of diagnosis and treatment of primary Sj?gren′s syndrome. The purposes are: (1) to standardize the detection and interpretation of key indicators for the diagnosis of Sj?gren's syndrome, including serum anti SSA antibody and labial gland pathology; (2) to suggest using widely accepted disease activity index in evaluation of the disease; (3) to standardize rational management for Sj?gren′s syndrome patients with topical and systemic diseases.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868740

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of hemoglobin changes in prostate cancer patients during radiotherapy combined with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) and analyze the relationship between the hemoglobin changes and long-term prognosis.Methods:The changes of hemoglobin levels in 145 prostate cancer patients treated with radiotherapy combined with ADT in Department of Radiation Oncology of Peking University First Hospital from November 2011 to May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) was employed for conventionally fractionated radiotherapy. Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist was utilized for endocrine therapy.Results:The median hemoglobin reduction during radiotherapy combined with ADT was 8 g/L. The higher the baseline level of hemoglobin, pelvic irradiation and GS score before radiotherapy, the more obvious the decrease of hemoglobin during treatment (all P<0.001). Pelvic radiotherapy significantly increased the decline tendency of hemoglobin throughout the combined treatment (86.8% vs. 72.8%, P=0.05). The duration of endocrine therapy before radiotherapy and the hemoglobin changes during endocrine therapy alone were not significantly correlated with the degree of hemoglobin decline during subsequent radiotherapy ( P=0.53 and 0.837). The biochemical failure-free survival did not significantly differ between patients with significant and mild hemoglobin reduction ( P=0.686). Conclusions:The baseline level of hemoglobin before radiotherapy is negatively correlated with the decrease of hemoglobin during combined therapy. Pelvic radiotherapy is positively correlated with hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy. Hemoglobin reduction during combined therapy is not associated with the long-term biochemical failure-free survival of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior in patients with major depressive disorder(MDD), and the mediating role of self-esteem in childhood trauma and aggression.Methods:A total of 241 MDD patients with childhood trauma were investigated by Chinese version of the Buss & Perry aggression questionnaire(AQ-CV) and self-esteem scale (SES). Data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 24.0.Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation of childhood trauma, aggressive behavior and self-esteem.The Bootstrap method was applied to test the mediating effect of self-esteem between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior.Results:The total score of attack questionnaire, self-esteem and childhood trauma were (48.81±18.81), (24.91±5.29)and(53.87±10.43), respectively. Self-esteem of MDD patients was negatively correlated with aggressive behavior and childhood trauma ( r=-0.45, -0.24, P<0.01). Childhood trauma was positively correlated with aggressive behavior ( r=0.42, P<0.01). The direct effect of childhood trauma on aggressive behavior was 0.438(95% CI: 0.305, 0.579). Self-esteem played a partly mediating effect between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior, and the mediating effect value was 0.161 (95% CI: 0.080, 0.256), accounted for 26.9% of the total effect. Conclusion:Self-esteem plays a partly mediating role between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior.Childhood trauma can directly and through the part of mediating role of self-esteem affect aggressive behavior.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864379

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a nursing intervention program for patients with coronary heart disease based on the theory of Omaha intervention system, and to provide evidence for the specialist nursing of patients with coronary heart disease.Methods:Based on the Omaha intervention system, the specialist nursing intervention plan for patients with coronary heart disease was preliminarily established on the basis of reviewing the medical records, and was modified by the Delphi method.Results:Reviewing the medical records combined with the Omaha intervention system, preliminary development of nursing intervention programs for patients with coronary heart disease. The expert inquiry letter of the intervention program was 2 rounds, and the expert positive coefficients of the 2 rounds of inquiry letters were 91.67% and 93.94%, the authoritative coefficient was 0.92, and the Kendall Harmony Coefficient was 0.34 and 0.47 respectively. The specialist nursing intervention for patients with coronary heart disease was finally determined.Conclusion:The nursing intervention plan for patients with coronary heart disease based on Omaha theory has a good theoretical basis and has been unanimously recognized by experts.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 486-491, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810671

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease among Han, Uygur, Kazak nationality residents of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.@*Methods@#From October 2007 to October 2010,14 618 adult (aged ≥35 years) Han (n=5 757),Uygur (n=4 767) and Kazak (n=4 094) residents were selected to join this study through the four-stage stratified cluster sampling method from 7 cities and regions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease was calculated according to the 10 years ischemic cardiovascular disease risk assessment form modified with Chinese characteristics and compared among the residents of 3 nationalities.@*Results@#(1) There were significant differences in age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure,fasting blood glucose,triglycerides,total cholesterol,low-density lipoprotein,high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, smoking history, and drinking history among Han, Uygur, Kazak nationality population (all P< 0.001). (2) There were significant differences in 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease between different gender and age group including 35-39, 40-44, 45-49, 50-54, 55-59, and ≥60 years old between Han, Uygur, Kazak nationality population (all P<0.001). (3) There were significant differences in rates of 10%-20% and>20% of 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease between different gender in Han, Uygur, Kazak nationality population (P values were 0.013 and <0.001, respectively). There were no significant differences in rates of <5% and 5%-9% of 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease between different gender in Han,Uygur,Kazak nationality population (all P>0.05).(4) There were significant differences in detection rates of diabetes,hypertension,smoking,hypertriglyceridemia,and obesity in male and female Han,Uygur,Kazak nationality population with 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease ≥10% (P<0.01 or 0.05). Meanwhile,there was significant difference in detection rates of hypercholesteremia in male Han, Uygur, Kazak nationality adults(P<0.001). There were no significant differences in detection rates of elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced high density lipoprotein cholesterol in male and female Han,Uygur,Kazak nationality adults (all P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are gender and age differences in the 10 years risk for ischemic cardiovascular disease in ≥35 years old Han,Uygur,Kazak nationality adults from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 98-102, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810417

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features and results of treatment for right atrial appendage aneurysms complicated by atrial tachyarrhythmias in children.@*Methods@#This retrospective study included three children with right atrial appendage aneurysm complicated by atrial tachyarrhythmias (aged 1.0 to 5.3 years, weight 10 to 17.1 kg) who were hospitalized at the Pediatric Cardiology Department (Heart Center) of the First Hospital of Tsinghua University (Beijing Huaxin Hospital) during the period from January 2016 through April 2018. The patients′ clinical features, the results of electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography, the effects of therapeutic interventions (antiarrhythmics, radiofrequency ablation, and surgical resection of right atrial appendage aneurysm) and the results of pathological assessment were analyzed.@*Results@#Three cases of right atrial appendage aneurysm were diagnosed at 36 weeks of gestational age, 1 month and 4 months after birth respectively. In two cases, ECG showed alternating episodes of atrial tachyarrhythmias including atrial tachycardia, atrial flutter, and atrial fibrillation, and echocardiography showed aneurysmal dilatation of right atrial appendage. These two cases underwent right atrial appendage aneurysm resection. In the remaining one case of atrial tachycardia, echocardiography did not visualize important lesions in the right atrium, thus the intracardiac electrophysiologic study and radiofrequency ablation were performed; and focal atrial tachycardia originating from the apex of right atrial appendage was mapped but failed to be ablated; consequently, the patient received the right atrial appendage resection, in which the right atrial appendage aneurysm was found. Preoperative multiple antiarrhythmics showed only modest or no efficacy for all the three cases. The atrial tachyarrhythmias disappeared in all the three cases after right atrial appendage aneurysm resection. Postoperative atrial tachycardias associated with new foci of impulse formation developed in two cases. These two patients reverted to normal sinus rhythm and remained in this rhythm by using antiarrhythmics. Pathological assessment showed cystic dilation of parts of atrial cavity, fibrosis of cyst wall, generalized fibrosis of atrial myocardium combined with myocardial atrophy and cystic dilation, as well as uneven myocardial thickness with generalized myocardial interstitial fibrosis.@*Conclusions@#For patients with congenital right atrial appendage aneurysm, atrial tachyarrhythmias might develop during fetal stage or early postpartum period. Reliance on echocardiography might often lead to the missed diagnosis. These patients with atrial tachyarrhythmias responded poorly to antiarrhythmics. Radiofrequency ablation might be associated with a high risk and limited efficacy. Surgical resection of right atrial appendage aneurysm showed satisfactory results and should be highly recommended.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803429

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the feasibility of applying Omaha system theory to patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) through comparative analysis of nursing description.@*Methods@#Using content extraction analysis method, the nursing records, nursing plans and nursing measures of discharged patients with CHD were retrieved from the medical records, and then the conceptual consistency of the extracted records and the problem classification system and intervention measures in the Omaha system were evaluated by cross mapping method.@*Results@#A total of 2 609 nursing problems and intervention measures were extracted from the medical records of 68 patients with CHD. Among them, 1 844 (70.68%) records were labeled as "perfect fit", 608 records (23.30%) as "partial fit", and 157 (6.02%) recordsas "not fit at all". The total fit rate was 93.98% (perfect fit and partial fit). The most frequently reported problems were in physiological domain, followed by health-related behaviors domain, psychosocial domain and environmental domain. The nursing interventions extracted accounted for 26.67% (1 968 sentences) of directions and l00.00% (4 kinds) of categories in the intervention scheme of Omaha system.@*Conclusions@#The conceptual congruence between the medical records of patients with CHD and the Omaha System is quite high. It can help to improve nursing problems of patients of CHD in health-related behavioral domain, psychosocial domain and environmental domain, and can be applied to such patients after appropriate adjustment, so as to help clinical nursing staff to provide specialized and all-round guidance for patients with CHD.

15.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 406-409, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754909

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change and significance of regulatory T cells (Tregs) in peripheral blood in patients with acute and chronic gout. Methods Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of Tregs in peripheral blood of healthy controls, patients with acute gout and patients with chronic gout. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of transforming growth factor (TGF)-βand interleukin (IL)-1βin plasma. Then, statistical analysis was conducted to analyze the changes and significance in different stages of gout, such as F test, Kruskal-Walls H test, q test and Pearson and Spearman correlation analysis. Results ① The percentage of CD4+CD25+Foxp+Treg/CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood was (1.22±0.27)% in control group. While in patients with acute gout, it was (1.51±0.43)%, and (0.47±0.26)%in patients with chronic gout. There were statistical significant difference among the three groups ( F=101.39, P<0.05). The percentage of Tregs in acute gout group was significantly higher than that in control group and chronic gout group, while it was significantly lower in chronic gout group than in control group ( P<0.05). ②The concentration of TGF-β in plasma was (170 ±12) ng/L in control group, (214 ±77) ng/L in patients with acute gout and (179±21) ng/L in patients with chronic gout, the difference was statistically-significant (F=6.20, P<0.05). The concentration of TGF-β in plasma in acute gout group was significantly higher than the control group and chronic gout group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), while the difference between chronic gout group and the control group was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). ③The con-centration of IL-1β in plasma in the control group was (4.8 ±1.3) ng/L, while that in patients with acute and chronic gout was (10.1±8.5) ng/L and (11.50±12.57) ng/L respectively, the difference between these three groupswas stati-sticallysignificant (P<0.05). The concentration of IL-1β in plasma in acute gout group and chronic gout group wassignificantly higher than that in the control group, the difference was statistical significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference between acute gout and chronic gout (P>0.05) patients. ④ The percentage of Tregs in peripheral blood of gout patients was negatively correlated with the duration of disease and the number of gout attacks within six months (duration of disease: r =-0.381, P <0.01 ; number of gout attacks: r=-0.518, P<0.01). But there wasno significant correlation to the concentration of TGF-β and IL-1β. Conclusion Tregsincreasesin acute gout and participate in the alleviation of gout inflammation, while the persistence of chronic gout may be related to the decrease of Tregs. Therefore, Tregs play an important regulatory role in the transformation of acute and chronic gout.

16.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 139-142, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752828

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of this study was to investigate FFDM differential diagnosis between breast mastitis,benign hyperplasia and breast cancer. Methods Fifty-nine cases of non-puerperal breast mastitis,sixty-eight cases of benign hyperpla-sia and two hundred and forty cases with non-mass type breast cancer were analyzed retrospectively,which were verified by surgery and pathology by contrast with FFDM signs,pathological types,grouped and statistics processed. The observation indexes of lamellar shadow included shape,density and edge. The observation indexes of linear shadow included direction,form and diameter. Results The FFDM signs in three groups of breast diseases were statistically significant(P<0. 05):the form of linear shadow,accompanied by calcifications,the shape of lamellar shadow,the direction of linear shadow,the distribution of lesion,the sharp angle of shadow edge. χ2 segmentation show that there were significant differences between three groups(P<0. 0125):the shape of lamellar shadow,the direc-tion of linear shadow. Conclusion There have some values for the diagnosis of breast cancer by rigid form and radial distribution of linear shadow,rigid shape and segmental distribution of lamellar shadow,the polymorphic calcifications and the sharp angle sign.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752764

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility of applying Omaha system theory to patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) through comparative analysis of nursing description. Methods Using content extraction analysis method, the nursing records, nursing plans and nursing measures of discharged patients with CHD were retrieved from the medical records, and then the conceptual consistency of the extracted records and the problem classification system and intervention measures in the Omaha system were evaluated by cross mapping method. Results A total of 2 609 nursing problems and intervention measures were extracted from the medical records of 68 patients with CHD. Among them, 1 844 (70.68%) records were labeled as "perfect fit", 608 records (23.30% ) as "partial fit", and 157 (6.02% ) recordsas"not fit at all". The total fit rate was 93.98% (perfect fit and partial fit). The most frequently reported problems were in physiological domain, followed by health-related behaviors domain, psychosocial domain and environmental domain. The nursing interventions extracted accounted for 26.67% (1 968 sentences) of directions and l00.00% (4 kinds) of categories in the intervention scheme of Omaha system. Conclusions The conceptual congruence between the medical records of patients with CHD and the Omaha System is quite high. It can help to improve nursing problems of patients of CHD in health-related behavioral domain, psychosocial domain and environmental domain, and can be applied to such patients after appropriate adjustment, so as to help clinical nursing staff to provide specialized and all-round guidance for patients with CHD.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 901-906, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801018

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors after catheter ablation of accessory pathway (AP)-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in children.@*Methods@#Data were collected and analyzed on 147 consecutive pediatric patients (81males and 66 females), who hospitalized in our pediatric heart center between January 2009 and August 2018 and received catheter ablation for ventricular pre-excitation (right AP). Thirty-one children were diagnosed as AP-induced DCM and 116 children with normal cardiac function served as control. Data including clinical characteristics, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiography, electrophysiological examination (EPS), successful ablation and follow up were analyzed.@*Results@#The median age at first examination was 3.07 (0.09, 5.83) years. The pre-hospital misdiagnosis rate was 87.1% (27/31). The incidence of the AP-induced DCM was 21.1% (31/147) and the rate of right anterior free wall accessory pathway (AP) was the highest (50.0%, 10/20). AP-induced DCM was more common in right free wall Aps (41.9%, 13/31) and right anterior free wall (32.3%, 10/31). 48.4% (15/31) cases had no supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). EPS showed that 29% (9/31) of the AP did not have retrograde conduction. The median follow-up time after successful catheter ablation was 8 (2, 36) months of AP-induced DCM group, LVDd was significantly decreased ((41.6±12.8)mm vs. (45.6±13.9)mm, P<0.01) and LVEF ((56.2±11.8)% vs. (40.8±12.5)%, P<0.01) was significantly increased after ablation. Cox regression analysis showed that LVEF was the predictor of the duration of cardiac function recovery (HR=1.08, 95%CI 1.01-1.15, P=0.03).@*Conclusions@#Misdiagnosis rate is high for children with AP-induced DCM, leading to the delayed treatment. All of the AP-induced DCM occurred in right APs and right anterior free wall APs is the highest. Right free wall APs and right anterior free wall are most common in AP-induced DCM. Catheter ablation is a safe and effective treatment option for these patients. The lower the LVEF, the longer the cardiac function recovery.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 674-679, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810133

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical features and evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) guided by 3D electronic-anatomy mapping system (CARTO3 System) in children with atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT).@*Methods@#This was a retrospective case-controlled study. Data were collected from 95 children with AVNRT who underwent RFCA using CARTO3 System in the first hospital of Tsinghua University from January 2014 to December 2017. The onset age, characteristic of electrophysiology and anatomy feature of Koch triangle were analyzed. The efficacy and safety of ablation and X-ray fluoroscopy were compared with control 135 children with AVNRT who underwent RFCA without using CARTO3 System. The t test or the chi-square test was used for group comparison. Linear regression equation was established for correlation analysis.@*Results@#The onset age of the 95 children (male 55, female 40; the average age (8.0±3.6) years) with AVNRT was (0.2-17.0) years and 23(24.2%) children were less than 3 years old. Electrophysiologic study showed that 84.2% (80 cases) was AVNRT-slow fast (SF), 11.6% (11 cases) AVNRT-slowslow and 4.2%(4 cases) AVNRT-fast slow. The phenomena of atrio-Hisian(AH) jump occurred in 65.3% and the interval of AH jump was (73.0±10.6) ms. The height of Koch triangle (CSo-His) was (22.3±5.8) mm and related with the weight of children (Y=0.171X+ 16.660, r2=0.224, P<0.001).The distance between the successful ablation target and the lowest point of His zone (ABL-His) was (11.7±2.6) mm. And there was no relation with the body weight(Y=-0.005X + 11.650, r2=0.001, P=0.780) and CSo-His (Y=0.072X+9.914, r2=0.030, P=0.171). The acute success rate was 97.9% (93/95) and recurrent rate was 5.4% (5/93) during follow-up. No obvious complication was reported. Compared with control group, the fluoroscopy time ((3.3±2.5) vs. (10.7±5.8) min, t=13.190, P<0.05), radiation dose ((5.4±4.9) vs. (15.5±6.3) mGy, t=13.660, P<0.05), and dose area product (514±445) vs. (2 478±415) mGy·cm2, t=33.850, P<0.05) were decreased significantly.@*Conclusions@#AVNRT-SF was the most common type of AVNRT. AVNRT incidence in infant and toddlers is lower than that in elder children. CSo-His is correlated with the body weight. ABL-His is relatively fixed. There is no correlation between ABL-His and the body weight and also no correlation between ABL-His and CSo-His. RFCA of AVNRT in children using the CARTO3 system is safe, effective and minimizes X-ray fluoroscopy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 13-18, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809759

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The study assessed the clinical characteristics and response to acute intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in children.@*Methods@#This was a multicenter prospective descriptive study including 257 children from First Hospital of Tsinghua University, Peking University First Hospital, Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Institute of Pediatrics and Beijing Anzhen Hospital who received intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy for SVT from July 2014 to February 2017. The clinical and tachycardia features, response to intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy of these children were characterized. Statistical analyses were performed using t test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test and H test.@*Results@#The onset of SVT occurred at any age with a distribution with positive skewness, 57.6% (n=148) children<1 year, 17.5% (n=45) children1~<3 years, 10.5% (n=27) children 3~<6 years and 14.4% (n=37) children ≥ 6 years of age. The percentages of SVT types were 49.4% (n=127) for atrioventricular reentry tachycardia (AVRT), 4.3% (n=11) for atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT), 26.8% (n=69) for unclassified paroxysmal SVT and 19.5% (n=50) for atrial tachycardia (AT), respectively. Tachycardia-induced cardionyopathy (TIC) secondary to SVT developed in 30 of 225 (13.3%). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of the 27 children attacked by TIC returned to normal after successful control of SVT (41.1%±6.3% vs. 60.3%±9.2%, t=-10.397, P=0.000). Complete termination of SVT by antiarrhythmic drugs was achieved in 164 of 257 (63.8%), partial termination rate was 18.7% (48 of 257) and failure to terminate rate was 17.5% (45 of 257). Propafenone (complete cardioversion in 98 (73.1%) of 134) and amiodarone (complete cardioversion in 23 (76.7%) of 30) showed better efficacy for SVT termination than adenosine (complete cardioversion in 26 (44.1%) 59) (χ2=20.524, P=0.000). Paroxysmal SVT had a higher termination rate on pharmacological therapy than AT (67.1% vs. 50.0%, χ2=6.337, P=0.042). Patients of different age groups had significantly different response to antiarrhythmic therapy (χ2=13.904, P=0.031). Children<1 year of age showed the least response to antiarrhythmic drug therapy with complete termination in 51 (55.4%) of 92. Adverse effects occurred in 9 patients (3.5%): Four patients had severe hypotensive shock using propafenone (n=3) and adenosine (n=1), and 3 patients had sinus arrest using adenosine.@*Conclusion@#Most (57.6%) children with SVT have their first clinical episode within 1 year of age, and AVRT is the most common type. TIC occurs in 13.3% of children with SVT. Intravenous antiarrhythmic drug therapy has a 63.8% complete termination rate for children with SVT and incidence of adverse effects is 3.5%. Propafenone and amiodarone are more effective for SVT termination in children than adenosine. Serious adverse effects may occur when using propafenone.

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