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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1074-1085, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927764

ABSTRACT

To investigate the cellular target selectivity of small molecules targeting thioredoxin reductase 1, we reported the construction and functional research of a stable TrxR1 gene (encode thioredoxin reductase 1) knockout HCT-116 cell line. We designed and selected TrxR1 knockout sites according to the TrxR1 gene sequence and CRISPR/Cas9 target designing principles. SgRNA oligos based on the selected TrxR1 knockout sites were obtained. Next, we constructed knockout plasmid by cloning the sgRNA into the pCasCMV-Puro-U6 vector. After transfection of the plasmid into HCT-116 cells, TrxR1 knockout HCT-116 cells were selected using puromycin resistance. The TrxR1 knockout efficiency was identified and verified by DNA sequencing, immunoblotting, TRFS-green fluorescent probe, and cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity detection. Finally, the correlation between TrxR1 expression and cellular effects of drugs specifically targeting TrxR1 was investigated by CCK-8 assay. The results demonstrated that the knockout plasmid expressing the sgRNA effectively knocked-out TrxR1 gene within HCT-116 cells, and no expression of TrxR1 protein could be observed in stable TrxR1 knockout HCT-116 (HCT116-TrxR1-KO) cells. The TrxR1-targeting inhibitor auranofin did not show any inhibitory activity against either cellular TrxR1 enzyme activity or cell proliferation. Based on these results, we conclude that a stable TrxR1 gene knockout HCT-116 cell line was obtained through CRISPR/Cas9 techniques, which may facilitate investigating the role of TrxR1 in various diseases.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Gene Editing , Gene Knockout Techniques , HCT116 Cells , Humans , RNA, Guide/metabolism
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1247-1252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910287

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility in evaluating segmental extracellular volume (ECV) using dual-layer spectral detector CT in patients with heart failure with various percentages of delayed hyper-enhanced volume, using MRI as a reference.Methods:Twenty-seven patients with heart failure in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were prospectively enrolled in this study from July 2019 to January 2021. All the patients underwent both CT late iodine enhancement and MR late gadolinium enhancement imaging within a week. According to percentages of hyper-enhanced volume on cardiac MR image, myocardial segments were classified into 3 groups: 0-4% (group A), 5%-49% (group B) and 50%-100% (group C). ECV images were independently observed by 2 experienced radiologists. The correlation and agreement between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV for the whole myocardial assessment and for the segmental assessment were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. Inter-observer agreement was assessed using the ICC.Results:Of the 27 patients, 432 segments were analyzed, with 199 segments in group A, 151 segments in group B and 82 segments in group C. In the whole myocardial analysis, the CT-ECV and MRI-ECV were 32.25% (28.04%, 34.28%) and 32.27% (28.35%, 34.77%), respectively. A good correlation was found between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV ( r=0.969, P<0.001). Bland-Altman analysis between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV showed a small bias (0.4%), with 95% limits of agreement of -6.9% to 7.8%. as for the segmental myocardial assessment, the CT-ECV was 28.23% (26.18%, 29.92%) for group A, 33.29% (30.16%, 35.96%) for group B and 40.22% (34.06%, 46.70%) for group C. There was statistically significant difference in ECV among three groups (all P<0.001). Good correlations between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV were found in group A ( r=0.614, P<0.001), group B ( r=0.852, P<0.001) and group C ( r=0.953, P<0.001). Bland-Altman analysis between CT-ECV and MRI-ECV showed a small bias 2.0% (95% limits of agreement:-17.6%-21.6%) in group A, a small bias -0.4% (95% limits of agreement: -13.8%-12.9%) in group B and a small bias -1.8% (95% limits of agreement: -17.4%-13.9%) in group C. The ICC values between 2 observers were 0.877 and 0.945 on CT-ECV and MRI-ECV, respectively. Conclusions:The larger percentage of hyper-enhanced volume on cardiac MR image, the stronger correlation are between the CT-ECV and MRI-ECV. CT-ECV may be taken as an alternative tool for quantitative evaluation of myocardial tissue in patients with heart failure.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907362

ABSTRACT

Mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) is a pseudokinase with a kinase domain, which plays an important role in the regulation of necroptosis. After cerebral ischemia, MLKL, as the substrate protein of the receptor-interacting protein 3, undergoes oligomerization and phosphorylation, and then translocates from the cytoplasm to the plasmalemma, causing mitochondrial division and cell membrane rupture. MLKL can also mediate the inflammatory response after cerebral ischemia by inducing necroptosis and directly activating inflammasomes, thereby aggravating brain injury. Therefore, to clarify the biological characteristics of MLKL and its role and mechanism in cerebral ischemia is very important for the treatment of cerebral ischemia.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1660-1662,1667, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of satisfaction with thyroid nodule fine needle biopsy (FNA).Methods:The ultrasonic images of 88 patients with thyroid nodules (95 nodules) in Dongguan Binhai Bay Central Hospital from September 2016 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. According to Bethesda cytological classification standard, Bethesda class Ⅰ cytological specimens were defined as unsatisfactory, and Bethesda class Ⅱ-Ⅵ cytological specimens were defined as satisfactory. The thyroid nodule location, composition, internal echo, morphology, aspect ratio, calcification, blood supply mode and American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System(ACR TI-RADS) classification on the satisfaction rate of thyroid nodule FNA samples were evaluated, and then the meaningful influencing factors were analyzed by logistic regression.Results:The overall satisfaction of the sample in this study was 84.2% (80/95). The results of univariate analysis showed that the location, aspect ratio and ACR TI-RADS classification of thyroid nodules were the related factors affecting the satisfaction of FNA specimens of thyroid nodules, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the aspect ratio of thyroid nodules was an independent factor affecting the satisfaction of FNA specimens of thyroid nodules ( OR=13.5, P=0.02). Conclusions:The main factor affecting the satisfaction rate of FNA specimens of thyroid nodules may lie in the characteristics of the aspect ratio of the nodules themselves. Optimizing the puncture route may help to reduce the dissatisfaction rate of FNA specimens of thyroid nodules.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798640

ABSTRACT

To analyze the difficulty, distinction and result of the first national public health practice skills competition among college students, it showed the general situation of this competition, and discussed the present situation, problems and countermeasures of skills training for students majoring in preventive medicine. Based on such competition, educators can promote teaching reform and post competency training.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 514-520, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility of high concentrated contrast media combined with monochromatic images to improve image quality with double low scanning in dual-layer spectral coronary CT angiography.Methods:Fifty-six patients with suspected coronary artery disease were enrolled and randomly separated into two groups. All patients were scanned at 120 kVp in step-and-shoot mode using a dual-layer detector CT (IQon spectral CT). Patients were either injected with 18 ml high concentration contrast medium(400 mgl/ml) at 2 ml/s (group A) or 45 ml contrast medium (370 mgl/ml) at 4 ml/s (group B). Forty to 80 keV monoenergetic images with 10 keV increment and conventional image (group A2) were reconstructed for group A, conventional poly-energetic image was reconstructed for group B. Region of interest was placed on aorta root (AO), middle segment of left anterior descending (LAD), left circumflex (LCX) and right coronary artery (RCA) to measure the attenuation and noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Image quality was assessed by two reviewers independently with a 4-point scale on image quality (1-undiagnostic,4-excellent). The objective and subjective image evaluation were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The Steel Dwass was used for multiple comparisons between monoenergetic images in Group A and conventional images in Group B, after the Kruskal-Wallis test.Results:There were significant differences among the attenuation, noise, SNR and CNR of group B, group A2, and monoenergetic images(all P<0.001).The CT value in the aortic root was significantly higher at 40-50 keV monoenergetic images than that in group B(all P<0.05), and similarly, the CT value in LAD,LCX and RCA at 40 keV were superior than that in group B(all P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the noise of the aortic root among 40 keV image, group A2 and group B(all P>0.05),while the noise in the 50-80 keV monoenergetic images were significantly lower than that in Group B(all P<0.001). The SNR and CNR in the aortic root were significantly higher at 40-60 keV monoenergetic images than that in group B(all P<0.001).The SNR in LAD and RCA at 40,50 keV and the CNR in LAD and RCA at 40-60 keV were higher than that in group B(all P<0.01).The SNR at 40-60 keV and CNR at 40-70 keV in LCX were superior than that in group B(all P<0.05). There were significant differences among the subjective image quality score of group B, group A2, and monoenergetic images(all P<0.001).The subjective image quality score of 40,50 keV images were not significantly different from that in group B (all P>0.05),while the score in 60-80 keV image and group A2 were lower than that of Group B(all P<0.001). Conclusion:40,50 keV low monochromatic images derived from dual-layer spectral detect CT combined with high concentrated contrast media can provide comparable or superior image quality with double low scanning in CCTA study.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733343

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization (PCR-RDB) gene membrane chip technique in genetic diagnosis of hereditary non-syndrome deafness in children.Methods The blood samples(2 mL)were collected from 38 children with congenital deafness,excluding high-risk factors for deaf-ness at Dongguan Rehabilitation School,and then genomic DNA extracted.By using self-designed multiplex-PCR combined with PCR-RDB gene chip technology,20 hot-spot mutations of 4 pathogenic genes of common deafness in Chinese population were detected.Sanger sequencing was used as the gold standard to corroborate the positive samples. Results Among 38 subjects,deafness gene mutations were detected in 16 cases,with a detection rate of 42.11%,and they were all verified by family study.Among 16 cases,6 cases of GJB2 gene mutation(3 cases of homozygote,3 cases of heterozygous),4 cases of SLC26A4 mutation,2 cases of MTRNR (m.1555A>G)mutation,4 cases of compound muta-tion,but none of GJB3 gene mutations.And their detection rates were 15.79%,10.53%,5.26%,10.53%,and 0,re-spectively.DNA samples from 16 children with deafness gene mutation were corroborated by Sanger sequencing,and the compliance rate was 100%.Conclusions For 20 hot-spot mutations of 4 common deafness pathogenic genes,the matc-hing PCR-RDB gene membroine chip technology was designed and the susceptible gene of congenital deafness children was detected.This technique has some advantages like high detection rate,fast,accurate and economical.It is an ideal method for gene screening on hereditary non-syndrome deafness children and has good clinical application prospects.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700640

ABSTRACT

Virtual simulation experiments use the virtual simulation technology to simulate the exper-imental process and experimental instrument,which is intuitive, sharing and cost-saving. Due to the single form of traditional experiment of sanitary chemicals in cosmetics testing and the limitation of experimental time, place and funding, this paper attempts to apply the virtual simulation experiment to sanitary chemicals in cosmetics testing experiment teaching. From the aspects of optimizing experimental items, organizing virtual simulation experiments and evaluating teaching effects, this paper discusses the application of virtual simulation experiment in sanitary chemicals in cosmetics testing experiment teaching.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700173

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the different goal-directed fluid therapy(GDFT)strategies on the recovery of tissue perfusion and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing hepatectomy. Methods Ninety patients undergoing hepatectomy with ASA physical status Ⅱor Ⅲ were divided into three groups based on fluid treatment by random number table method:control group(conventional fluid therapy), observation group Ⅰ(GDFT filled with colloi) and observation group Ⅱ(GDFT filled with crystalloids),with 30 cases in each group.The ScvO2,Lac and Glu were tested at 5 min before anesthesia induction(T1),5 min before hepatectomy(T2),5 min after hepatectomy(T3)and the end of operation(T4). The duration of operation,fluid requirement,urinary output, bleeding volume and the use of vasoactive agent were recorded. The exhaust time, ambulation time and postoperative hospital stay were recorded. Preoperative and postoperative liver and kidney function tests and postoperative complications were followed up.Results Compared with that in control group,the amount of crystalloids[(1408.5 ± 348.4) ml vs. (1 819.4 ± 315.1) ml],the amount of colloids [(468.6 ± 193.4) ml vs. (1 009.7 ± 440.9) ml],the total volume[(1 867.3 ± 370.4)ml vs.(2 821.3 ± 264.6)ml]were all lower,first flatus time[(51.8 ± 8.5)h vs.(63.6 ± 9.2) h], ambulation time [(3.4 ± 0.7) d vs. (4.3 ± 0.7) d] and postoperative hospital stay [(7.8 ± 1.7)d vs.(10.5 ± 2.9)d]were all shorter,ScvO2at T3,T4was higher,Lac at T2-T4were lower,Glu at T3,T4was lower, and ALT and AST on the third day and the fifth day after surgery were lower in observation groupⅠ(P<0.05).Compared with those in observation groupⅠ,the amount of crystalloids [(2 014.7 ± 388.2)ml vs.(1 408.5 ± 348.4)ml]was increased,and the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting[33.3%(10/30)vs.10.0%(3/30)]were significantly higher than those in observation groupⅡ(P<0.05). Conclusions GDFT using colloids in hepatectomy probably improves the microcirculation and tissue oxygenation, protects liver function, promotes gastrointestinal function recovery and shortens postoperative hospital stay. It has a much lower incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting, compared with crystalloids.

10.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1938-1941, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697860

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and the mechanism of nifedipine on oxidative stress trip-ping by iron-overload of HK-2 cells. Methods The cells were divided into 4 groups,blank group,iron overload group,nifedipine group and FAC with nifedipine co-treatment group. Cells were treated with FAC or/and nifedipine for 24 hours,and then malonaldehyde (MDA) content,superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) activity,glutathione (GSH) content,intracellular iron content and expression of DMT1 and FPN1 protein were evaluated. Results Compared to the iron overload group,both nifedipine treatment and co-treatment decreased the content of MDA (P < 0.05),increased the activity of SOD(P < 0.05),increased the content of GSH(P < 0.05),reduced the intracellular iron content(P<0.05),increased the expression of DMT1(P<0.05),and increased the expression of FPN1(P < 0.05). Conclusion Nifedipine plays a protective role against oxidative stress induced by iron-overload in HK-2 cells,and it is related to promote DMT1 and FPN1 protein expression and reduce intracellular iron content.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667052

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the reason of the problem, which are caused by pretreating reused medical instruments after usage in each hospital clinical departments;ensure the washing quality for the reused medical instruments and prolonging the working life of them. Methods The execution rate, washing quality, damage of which pretreating reused medical instruments in clinical departments were counted The Clinic of Infection, Nursing Department and Central Sterile Supply Department observed and adopted questionnaire for information, and then formulated targeted guidance and improvement according to the information. Results The execution rate of pretreating reused medical instrument after usage reached from 64.6% to 99.4%, the qualified rate of instrument washing had improved from 93.0% to 99.7%,the damage rate of instruments had decreased from 1.84% to 0.74%,and there were significant differences(χ2=9 413.8,38 160.6,2 820.2,all P<0.05). Conclusions Pretreating reused medical instrument after usage correctly and timely,can not only ensure the washing quality for the medical instruments, but also prolong the working life of them. It ensures the application value of the medical instruments.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502137

ABSTRACT

Human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) is a major causative agent of hand,foot and mouth disease.Children infection with HEV71 can lead to series of neurological complications including aseptic meningitis,cerebral ataxia and even fatal outcomes.During recent decades,epidemic of hand,foot and mouth disease have occurred in many countries and regions in the world,which has become a major public health problem for children's health.There are no specific antiviral drugs for HEV71 infection,so it is necessary to develop safe and effective vaccine.In recent years,the research on HEV71 vaccine has made a breakthrough,and this article reviews the research progress of the vaccine.

13.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 109-112,118, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603251

ABSTRACT

Deafness is a seriously disabling disease affecting the quality of human life and genetic fac-tors account for a large proportion in the pathogenesis of newborn deafness.With the development of genomics technology,molecular genetics of hearing loss has become a cutting-edge field under investigation in otology. Molecular diagnostic technique plays an important role in exploring the pathogenesis,assisting clinical diagnosis and the prenatal diagnosis.In this review,we introduce the common pathogenic gene mutations and the diagnosis of non-syndromic inherited hearing impairment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488265

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of detecting HCMV-DNA in urine in the diseases of newborn babies ,by comparing the result between HCMV-DNA in urine and HCMV-IgM antibody in blood in different diseases of the newborn babies .Methods The urine and blood samples were collected from 1 520 infants who were in hospital of the neonate department from January 2013 to December 2014 .The HCMV-DNA in urine was examined by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(FQ-PCR) .And HCMV-IgM antibody in blood was examined by the method of chemiluminescence(ECL) .Results In the 1 520 cases ,153 had de-tectable HCMV-DNA in their urine samples with a positive rate 10 .07% ,while only 4 cases were positive of the HCMV-IgM anti-body in blood with a positive rate 0 .27% .The two groups was statistically significant difference (P<0 .05) .In the infant diseases of 1 520 cases ,the positive rate of HCMV-DNA in urine was 82 .6% of the hepatitis syndrome while the positive rate of HCMV-IgM antibody in blood was 3 .85% .The positive rate of HCMV-DNA in urine was 8 .95% in the jaundice symptoms ,while the posi-tive rate HCMV-DNA in urine was 4 .62% in the pulmonary infection .Each group of disease was statistically significant difference in the positive rate of HCMV-DNA (P<0 .05) .Conclusion The detection of HCMV-DNA in urine is more beneficial to the diag-nosis of HCM V infection of infants than the detection of HCM V-IgM antibody in blood ,especially in hepatitis syndrome ,neonatal jaundice and pulmonary infection .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487847

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F (TwHF) combined with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 2~3 of IgA nephropathy. Methods 109 patients were randomized into the observation group and the control group. On the basis of taking RAS blockers, patients in the observation group received TwHF, and patients in the control group received methylprednisolone. The proteinuria, renal function and adverse effect were observed during treatment. Results At 3, 6, 9 and 12 months of treatment, proteinuria in the two groups was lower than the baseline(P 0.05). Besides, there was no significant difference in terms of proteinuria, eGFR and effective rate in the two groups. The occurrence rate of adverse effects was 9.8% vs 27.4% and there was significant difference in the two groups (P < 0.05). Conclusions TwHF combined with RAS blockers can decrease proteinuria, protect renal function and have less adverse effects, and it is a useful therapeutic options for CKD stages 2 ~ 3 of IgAN.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486608

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively analyze the result of HCMV‐DNA of breast milk and urine of neonatal hyperbilirubi‐nemia and evaluate the effect on screening neonatal hyperbilirubinemia .Methods Collected 461 cases of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia from January 2014 to December 2014 in our hospital ,which fed with breast milk as observation group ,at the same period collected 450 cases of healthy newborn in our hospital as control group .Tested the their level of HCMV‐DNA in breast milk and urine with Fluorescent Quantitative PCR ,recorded the testing results .Results 239 cases with positive HCMV‐DNA urine were detected in observation group ,accounting for 51 .8% .There were 89 cases of positive HCMV‐DNA urine in control group ,which accounted for 19 .8% ,the comparative difference was statistically significant(P< 0 .01) .There were 367 cases of positive HCMV‐DNA breast milk in observation group ,accounting for 79 .6% .The positive HCMV‐DNA breast milk were detected in 137 cases in control group ,which accounted for 30 .4% ,the comparative difference was statistically significant (P<0 .01) .Conclusion The breast milk of HCMV infection was an important way of neonatal HCMV infection ,the HCMV‐DNA detection of breast milk and urine was of great significance to the diagnosis of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia .

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72757

ABSTRACT

Cystic echinococcosis (CE) treatment urgently requires a novel drug. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are a family of Ser/Thr protein kinases, but still have to be characterized in Echinococcus granulosus. We identified a 1,107 bp cDNA encoding a 368 amino acid MAPK protein (Egp38) in E. granulosus. Egp38 exhibits 2 distinguishing features of p38-like kinases: a highly conserved T-X-Y motif and an activation loop segment. Structural homology modeling indicated a conserved structure among Egp38, EmMPK2, and H. sapiens p38α, implying a common binding mechanism for the ligand domain and downstream signal transduction processing similar to that described for p38α. Egp38 and its phosphorylated form are expressed in the E. granulosus larval stages vesicle and protoscolices during intermediate host infection of an intermediate host. Treatment of in vitro cultivated protoscolices with the p38-MAPK inhibitor ML3403 effectively suppressed Egp38 activity and led to significant protoscolices death within 5 days. Treatment of in vitro-cultivated protoscolices with TGF-β1 effectively induced Egp38 phosphorylation. In summary, the MAPK, Egp38, was identified in E. granulosus, as an anti-CE drug target and participates in the interplay between the host and E. granulosus via human TGF-β1.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , DNA, Complementary , Echinococcosis , Echinococcus granulosus , Echinococcus , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Protein Kinases , Signal Transduction
18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3426-3428, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To conduct supplementary study for quality standard for Compound vaccariae tablets. METHODS:TLC was used for the qualitative identification of Vaccariae;HPLC was used to determine the contents of vaccarin and anthranilic acid. The column was YMC-Pack Pro C18 with mobile phase of methanol- 0.3% phosphpric acid(gradient elution)at the flow rate of 1.0 ml/min,the detection wavelength was 280 nm,column temperature was 35 ℃ and volume size was 10 μl. RESULTS:The chromatographic spots were clear and well-separated without interference from negative control. The linear range was 0.055 7-2.228 7μg(r=0.999 9)for vaccarin and 2.011 4-40.227 9 μg(r=0.999 9)for anthranilic acid;RSDs of precision,stability and reproduc-ibility tests were no more than 1.01%;average recoveries were respectively 99.69%(RSD=1.11%,n=6) and 99.84%(RSD=1.18%,n=6). CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,rapid and accurate with good reproducibility,and can be used for quality control of Compound vaccariae tablets.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 283-287, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469629

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the image quality of iterative model reconstruction algorithm (IMR) compared with hybrid iterative reconstruction algorithm (iDose4) for hypovascular hepatic metastases.Methods Medical history and pathological results of 33 cases with primary malignant tumor were retrospective analyzed.Follow-up with enhanced CT or enhanced MRI at more than 3 months confirmed hypovascular metastases in these patients.All patients underwent abdominal CT scanning and dynamic enhanced CT scanning.Portal vein phase of low dose scanning data were taken as the research object.According to the different tube currents and reconstruction algorithm,the images were divided into 4 groups.Group A included images with tube current of 175 mAs and IMR post-processing (17 cases).Group B included images with tube current of 175 mAs and iDose4 post-processing (17 cases).Group C included images with tube current of 125 mAs and IMR post-processing (16 cases).Group D included images with tube current of 125 mAs and iDose4 post-processing (16 cases).In the cases with multiple lesions,the largest lesion was selected to evaluate.For each image of the objective evaluation [including noise,the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),contrast to noise ratio (CNR)] and subjective evaluation (including lesion sharpness,necrosis interface and diagnostic confidence).The CT dose index of each scanning was recorded.The objective evaluation,subjective evaluation indexes were compared by paired samples t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test.Results The tube current of Group A and Group B were (7.7± 1.8) and (12.8±3.7)HU,while CNR were 10.3 ±2.6 and 5.6± 1.4,SNR were 13.2±3.2 and 8.1 ± 2.2,and the differences were statistically significant (t values were 9.966,12.670,9.203;P<0.01).The tube current of Group C and Group D were (7.2±1.3) and (9.9±1.8)HU,while CNR were 7.4±2.0 and 3.7±0.9,SNR were 13.9±2.9 and 9.8±1.9,and the differences were statistically significant (t values were 9.209,12.320,9.628;P<0.01).The lesion sharpness score of Group A and Group B were 4.95±0.24 and 4.29±0.59,while the necrosis interface score were 4.76 ± 0.36 and 3.68 ± 0.30,diagnostic confidence score were 4.94± 0.24 and 4.44 ±0.56,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).The lesion sharpness score of Group C and Group D were 3.94±0.68 and 3.56±0.63,while the necrosis interface score were 3.91±0.64 and 3.03±0.50,diagnostic confidence score were 4.19±0.40 and 3.94±0.44,and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).CTDIvol of 175 mAs group and 125 m As group were (11.83±0.28) and (8.44±0.24) mGy respectively.Conclusion Compared with iDose4,iterative reconstruction technology IMR significantly reduces the image noise and enhances image quality of hypovascular hepatic metastases.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469071

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a prospective,randomly controlled trial,evaluating the combination of tacrolimus,corticosteroids and entecavir for the treatment of adult patients with biopsyproven hepatitis B virus-associated membrane nephropathy (HBV-MN).Methods A total of 38 patients with biopsy-confirmed HBV-MN were randomized to the tacrolimus group (n=19) and the control group (n=19).Patients in tacrolimus group received combination therapy of tacrolimus (0.05 mg·kg-1 · d-1),corticosteroids (prednisone acetate,0.5 mg· kg-1 · d-1) and entecavir (0.5 mg/d),whereas patients in control group received entecavir mono-therapy (0.5 mg/d).The primary end point was the percentage of patients reaching complete remission (CR) or partial remission (PR).Results The probability of remission in the treatment group was 88.89% and 94.44% after 6 and 12 months,but only 38.89% and 58.82% in the control group,respectively.The decrease in proteinuria was significantly greater in the treatment group.Entecavir was used for the treatment of hepatitis in all patients,which caused the disappearance of serum hepatitis B viral DNA(HBV-DNA) and the normalization of ALT and AST levels in 3 months.Notably,two patients in the control group and one patient in the treatment group reached the secondary end point.One patient in the tacrolimus-treated group showed a relapse during the taper period.Conclusion This treatment protocol not only can control the replication of HBV-DNA but also can reduce proteinuria and preserve renal function,it is one of useful therapeutic options for patients with HBV-MN.

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