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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1929-1945, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927828

ABSTRACT

The responsive patterns of phytochrome gene family members to photoperiod and abiotic stresses were comparatively analyzed and the favorable natural variation sites of these genes were identified. This would help understand the mechanism of phytochrome gene family in photoperiod-regulated growth and development and abiotic stress response. In addition, it may facilitate the molecular marker assisted selection of key traits in foxtail millet. In this study, we used RT-PCR to clone three phytochrome genes SiPHYA, SiPHYB and SiPHYC from ultra-late maturity millet landrace variety 'Maosu'. After primary bioinformatics analysis, we studied the photoperiod control mode and the characteristics of these genes in responding to five abiotic stresses including polyethylene glycol (PEG)-simulated drought, natural drought, abscisic acid (ABA), high temperature and NaCl by fluorescence quantitative PCR. Finally, we detected the mutation sites of the three genes among 160 foxtail millet materials and performed haplotype analysis to determine the genes' functional effect. We found that the cloned cDNA sequences of gene SiPHYA, SiPHYB and SiPHYC were 3 981, 3 953 and 3 764 bp respectively, which contained complete coding regions. Gene SiPHYB and SiPHYC showed closer evolutionary relationship. Photoperiod regulated all of the three genes, but showed more profound effects on diurnal expression pattern of SiPHYB, SiPHYC than that of SiPHYA. Under short-day, when near heading, the expression levels of SiPHYA and SiPHYB were significantly lower than that under long-day, indicating their roles in suppressing heading of foxtail millet under long-day. SiPHYB and SiPHYC were responsive to PEG-simulated drought, natural drought, ABA and high temperature stresses together. SiPHYA and SiPHYB responded differently to salt stress, whereas SiPHYC did not respond to salt stress. Re-sequencing of 160 foxtail millet materials revealed that SiPHYB was highly conservative. Two missense mutations of SiPHYA, such as single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 7 034 522C→T and SNP7 036 657G→C, led to delaying heading and increasing plant height. One missense mutation of SiPHYC, such as SNP5 414 823G→T, led to shortening heading under short-day and delaying heading under long-day, as well as increasing plant height and panicle length regardless of photo-thermal conditions. Photoperiod showed different regulatory effects on SiPHYA, SiPHYB and SiPHYC. SiPHYB and SiPHYC jointly responded to various abiotic stresses except for the salt stress. Compared with the reference genotype, mutation genotypes of SiPHYA and SiPHYC delayed heading and increased plant height and panicle length.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Photoperiod , Phytochrome/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Setaria Plant/metabolism , Stress, Physiological/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923970

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the composition and concentration of atmospheric particulate pollutants in four seasons in the industrial and clean living areas, and to provide a scientific basis for the strategy of controlling industrial pollution and atmospheric environment. Methods An industrial area dominated by the automobile industry in Shanghai and a relatively clean living area were selected. Samples were collected simultaneously in both areas and continuously for 7 days in the middle of each season. The composition and concentration of PM2.5 were determined, and the ecological risk of heavy metals in PM2.5 was evaluated by the potential ecological risk index method. Results We found PM2.5 concentration was associated with seasonal changes. The PM2.5 concentration in living areas was the highest in winter, followed by spring, and the lowest in summer. The PM2.5 concentration in industrial areas was the highest in spring, followed by winter, and the lowest in summer. The heavy metals in PM2.5 were the same, including Al, Cr, Mn, Ni, As, Cd, Hg and Pb. The content of Cr, Cd and Pb in PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The potential ecological hazard coefficient of PM2.5 heavy metal Cd in the industrial zone was the highest, up to 189.47, and it was the main component of the total potential ecological hazard index of heavy metals. According to the total potential risk grade of heavy metals, the heavy metal Cd in the industrial area had different degrees of ecological harm with seasonal changes. The ecological harm degree of heavy metal Cd was the highest in winter, high in spring and autumn, and low in summer. Conclusion Although the concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is not higher than that in the living area, the content of Cr, Cd and Pb in the PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is mainly related to seasons, industrial production and human factors. The potential ecological harm coefficient of heavy metal Cd in PM2.5 is the highest in comparison with other heavy metals such as Cr, Hg and Pb, and it is the main component of the total potential ecological harm index ofheavy metals.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923948

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the composition and concentration of atmospheric particulate pollutants in four seasons in the industrial and clean living areas, and to provide a scientific basis for the strategy of controlling industrial pollution and atmospheric environment. Methods An industrial area dominated by the automobile industry in Shanghai and a relatively clean living area were selected. Samples were collected simultaneously in both areas and continuously for 7 days in the middle of each season. The composition and concentration of PM2.5 were determined, and the ecological risk of heavy metals in PM2.5 was evaluated by the potential ecological risk index method. Results We found PM2.5 concentration was associated with seasonal changes. The PM2.5 concentration in living areas was the highest in winter, followed by spring, and the lowest in summer. The PM2.5 concentration in industrial areas was the highest in spring, followed by winter, and the lowest in summer. The heavy metals in PM2.5 were the same, including Al, Cr, Mn, Ni, As, Cd, Hg and Pb. The content of Cr, Cd and Pb in PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The potential ecological hazard coefficient of PM2.5 heavy metal Cd in the industrial zone was the highest, up to 189.47, and it was the main component of the total potential ecological hazard index of heavy metals. According to the total potential risk grade of heavy metals, the heavy metal Cd in the industrial area had different degrees of ecological harm with seasonal changes. The ecological harm degree of heavy metal Cd was the highest in winter, high in spring and autumn, and low in summer. Conclusion Although the concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is not higher than that in the living area, the content of Cr, Cd and Pb in the PM2.5 in the industrial area is significantly higher than that in the living area. The concentration of PM2.5 in the industrial area is mainly related to seasons, industrial production and human factors. The potential ecological harm coefficient of heavy metal Cd in PM2.5 is the highest in comparison with other heavy metals such as Cr, Hg and Pb, and it is the main component of the total potential ecological harm index ofheavy metals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with mental retardation.@*METHODS@#G-banded karyotyping analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray (SNP array) were used to detect the genetic variants within the family, and the origin of the variants was analyzed using UPDtool Statistics software.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 26-year-old female, was found to have a chromosomal karyotype of 46,XX,dup(4)(q28.2q31.3),and SNP array revealed a 25.71 Mb duplication at 4q28.2-q31.3. The duplication was inherited from her father, and her fetus was found to carry the same duplication.@*CONCLUSION@#The duplication of the patient probably underlay the mental retardation. The gender of the carrier and parental origin of the duplication might have led to the variation in their clinical phenotype.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Banding , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Pedigree , Trisomy/genetics
5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 295-300, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921182

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cardiovascular (CV) disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to determine the CV risk in Chinese patients with T2D based on the 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) guidelines on diabetes, pre-diabetes, and CV diseases.@*METHODS@#A total of 25,411 patients with T2D, who participated in the study of China Cardiometabolic Registries 3B study, were included in our analysis. We assessed the proportions of patients in each CV risk category according to 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines.@*RESULTS@#Based on the 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines, 16,663 (65.6%), 1895 (7.5%), and 152 (0.6%) of patients were included in "very high risk," "high risk," and "moderate risk" categories, respectively. The proportions of patients in each category varied based on age, sex, body mass index, and duration. While 58.7% (9786/16,663) of elderly patients were classified to "very high risk" group, 89.6% (3732/4165) of patients with obesity were divided into "very high risk" group. Almost all patients with a duration of diabetes >10 years had "very high risk" or "high risk." However, 6701 (26.4%) of Chinese T2D patients, who had shorter duration, and one or two risk factors, could not be included in any category (the "unclear risk" category).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In China, most patients with T2D have "very high" or "high" CV risk based on 2019 ESC/EASD guidelines. However, the risk of patients in "unclear risk" group needs to be further classified.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Humans , Risk Factors
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799254

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease is an acute, self-limited vasculitis, which mainly affects infants and children under the age of 5 years.The main complication is coronary artery disease.Untreated Kawasaki disease leads to varying degrees of coronary artery damage in about 15%-25% of patients.The incidence of Kawasaki disease is increasing year by year, which has become one of the main causes of acquired heart disease in children and has a serious impact on the quality of life for children and adults.The cause of Kawasaki disease is not clear.In recent years, it has become a hot topic for pediatric cardiomyovasculopathy.With the development of molecular biology and gene technology, more and more sensitive biomarkers of Kawasaki disease have been found.This article will review the sensitive biomarkers of Kawasaki disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863053

ABSTRACT

Congenital heart disease(CHD) in children refers to a group of clinical syndromes in which fetal heart and blood vessels develop abnormally due to various factors, which further affect normal structure and function.The clinical mortality rate of CHD in children ranks the first among non-infectious diseases, which brings great mental pressure and economic burden to the families of children.Most scholars believe that genetic factors and environmental factors alone or both cause CHD.In recent years, with the development of molecular genetics research, the genetic factors of children′s CHD have become the focus of study, mainly including single gene mutation, polygene mutation and chromosome abnormality, these mutations or abnormalities have no absolute one-to-one relationship with clinical phenotypes of CHD in children.Genetic research of CHD can provide theoretical basis for primary prevention of the disease and help prenatal counseling to reduce the occurrence of birth defects.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect germline mutation in a pedigree affected with familial renal cell carcinoma and explore its molecular pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples from the patients and her family members were collected for the extraction of genomic DNA. Sanger sequencing, real-time quantitative PCR and reverse transcriptase-PCR (RT-PCR) were carried out to detect single base mutation, small insertion and deletion, and large fragment deletion of the VHL gene.@*RESULTS@#Real-time quantitative PCR combined with sequencing of RT-PCR product showed that there was a single-copy deletional germline mutation in exon 2 of the VHL gene in the proband.@*CONCLUSION@#Loss of heterozygosity in exon 2 of the VHL gene probably underlay the etiology of familial renal cell carcinoma in this pedigree. Screening for germline mutations of the VHL gene can effectively predict the prognosis of individual patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2250-2259, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878483

ABSTRACT

Amino acids are important compounds with a wide range of applications in the food, medicine and chemical industries. Corynebacterium glutamicum is a powerful workhorse commonly used in industrial amino acid production, with the scale of more than one million tons. In addition to its efficient anabolism, the effective exporters also ensure the high amino acid production by C. glutamicum. In this review, the research progress of amino acid exporter of C. glutamicum is summarized, to provide the foundation for further improving amino acid production by C. glutamicum via metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Corynebacterium glutamicum/genetics , Metabolic Engineering
10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 302-2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780504

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of compound BAM15 on the primary hepatocyte injury induced by cold storage in rats. Methods The primary rat hepatocytes were extracted by collagenase perfusion method. According to different cell culture conditions, the cells were divided into 4 groups: group A (Hibernate cell culture solution containing 250 nmol/L BAM15), group B (Hibernate cell culture solution containing 500 nmol/L BAM15), group C (Hibernate cell culture solution containing 1 000 nmol/ L BAM15), control group (Hibernate cell culture solution). The cells of each group were cryopreserved for 12 h. The purity of primary hepatocytes was observed under fluorescence microscope. The changes in the cell proliferation ability, cell apoptosis rate and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) were measured in each group. Results The cell proliferation ability in groups B and C was significantly higher than that in the control group (both P < 0.05). The apoptosis rates in groups A, B and C were (33.7±2.2)%, (19.7±1.1)% and (28.7±1.2)%, which were significantly lower than (82.7±4.2)% in the control group (all P < 0.05). The positive rates of intracellular ROS in groups A, B and C were (11.8±4.0)%, (7.6±1.3)% and (8.9±1.6)%, remarkably lower than (27.4±4.5)% in the control group (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Compound BAM15 can effectively mitigate the primary hepatocyte injury in rats induced by cryopreservation. The underlying mechanism is probably associated with the role of BAM15 in reducing ROS generation during cold ischemia.

11.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 140-143,封3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742834

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the expression of Nrf2 in mice with viral myocarditis and to investigate the changes and effects of Nrf2 after puerarin (Pue) treatment.Methods A total of 130 BALB/C male mice aged 4 weeks were randomly divided into control group,VMC group,Nrf2 activator group and Pue group (20 mice in each group) with different concentrations.The models were made with Coxsackie B3 virus (CVB3).The mice were sacrificed on day 0,4,7,14 and 28 respectively,and blood and myocardial samples were harvested.Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry.The expression changes of Nrf2,HO-1,Fas,TGF-beta 1 mRNA were detected by real-time PCR and Western blot respectively.Statistical software SPSS19.0 was used to analyze the results.The measurement data was expressed mean ± standard deviation.The paired samples were tested with mean t test.The group data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA.A P value of less than 0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance.Correlation analysis was performed with Spearman's correlation test.Results Nrf2 mRNA and Nrf2 protein were expressed in all groups.The correlations between Nrf2 and HO-1,Fas and TGF-beta-1 were analyzed according to CPDT or Pue,and the results were consistent with each other.It showed that the relationship between Nrf2 and HO-1,Fas and TGF-beta-1 did not change with intervention measures.The transcription and protein expression of HO1 in CPDT and Pue groups were significantly increased,and were positively correlated with Nrf2 (r =0.969,P <0.01).At a certain dose gradient (< 45 mg/kg),the transcription and protein expression of HO-1 were dose-dependent;the decreased cardiomyocyte apoptosis was observed in both CPDT and Pue group,while Nrf2 and Fas were negatively correlated (r =-0.968,P < 0.01);at a certain dose gradient,the expression of TGF-beta 1 in CPDT and Pue group decreased with the increase of dose,and Nrf2 and TGF-beta 1 were negatively correlated (r =-0.753,P < 0.01).Conclusion The increased expression of Nrf2 in VMC is involved in the occurrence and development of VMC.Nrf2 has antioxidant effect in VMC by up-regulating the antioxidant enzyme HO-1,has the anti-myocardial APO effect by inhibiting the Fas/FasL signaling pathway,and inhibits myocardial fibrosis by suppressing the expression of TGF-beta 1 protein and transcription.The therapeutic effect of Pue on VMC is to activate Nrf2 to produce antioxidant,anti-apoptotic and anti-fibrotic effects.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821784

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the differences of thromboinflammatory response between healthy pregnancy and preeclampsia (PE) and provide potential strategies for diagnosis and prevention of PE. @*Methods@#The antibody microarray was prepared to detect plasma protein expression profile of non-pregnant women, healthy pregnant women and preeclampsia patients. The differentially expressed proteins were identified and analyzed. @*Results@#The levels of 37 proteins were significantly different between non-pregnant and healthy pregnant women, among which 16 proteins were increased, such as disintegrin, metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 12 and C-C motif chemokine 2, while 21 proteins were decreased, such as GM-CSF and apolipoprotein F. The levels of 27 proteins were significantly different between healthy pregnant women and preeclampsia patients, among which 16 proteins were increased, such as GM-CSF and VEGFR2 and 11 proteins were decreased, such as tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand and interferon Omega 1. Further analysis found that PE patients group presented more complicated changes compared with healthy pregnant women. PE group included more significantly increased proteins which involved in inflammation and immune responses and elevated levels of acute phase reaction, while the levels of more anti-inflammation cytokines decreased significantly. In the plasma of PE patients more proteins participating thrombosis and complement reaction increased significantly. Also, renin level was significantly dropped and VEGFR2 was elevated. @*Conclusion@#More serious inflammatory response, hypercoagulable status and imbalance of angiogenesis and anti-angiogenesis may exist in PE, which should be helpful for further improving potential strategies in diagnosis and prevention of PE.

13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 824-828, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716394

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of depression is not fully understood yet, but studies have suggested higher circulating C reactive protein (CRP) level might relate to depression occurrence. However, due to high variability of patients’ individual condition, the results to date are inconsistent. Considering CRP single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) could also regulate plasma CRP levels, in the present study, we hypothesized that inherited CRP allelic variations may co-vary with depressive symptomatology. METHODS: We recruited 60 depression patients with family depression history and 60 healthy control volunteers into this project. We detected circulation CRP level as well as genome CRP SNPs from participants of this project. RESULTS: We have found a significantly higher circulating CRP level in patients with a positive family history. Furthermore, we also identified some certain inherited CRP SNPs (A allele in rs1417938 and C allele in rs1205) could up regulate serum CRP level and distributed more in depression patients with family history. CONCLUSION: Our finding may raise new evidence that genetically increased serum CRP level through SNPs variation is likely to induce family inherited depression.


Subject(s)
Alleles , C-Reactive Protein , Depression , Genome , Humans , Plasma , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Volunteers
14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 529-533, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810040

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with different intensity conditioning regimen in the treatment of childhood aplastic anemia (AA) .@*Methods@#Thirty-seven AA patients who underwent haploidentical transplantation in BaYi Children's Hospital Affiliated to PLA Army General Hospital from January 2013 to January 2017 were enrolled. According to the dosage of conditioning regimen, 34 patients excluding 3 other conditioning regimens were divided into high-dosage group (regimen 2, 22 cases) and low-dosage group (regimen 3, 12 cases). The data of Engraftment, graft-vs-host disease (GVHD), hematopoietic reconstitution, relapse, infection, overall survival (OS) were analyzed. The comparison between the two groups was tested by χ2 test.@*Results@#A total of 35 of 37 patients achieved primary engraftment; 2 cases died of regimen-related toxicity and severe infection before the infusing of the grafts. The activation rate of CMV and EBV was 60% (21/35) . Post-transplant lymphocyte disease (PTLD) of lung occurred in one case. The cumulative incidences of acute GVHD grade Ⅰ-Ⅳ and chronic GVHD were 29% (10/35) and 34% (12/35) respectively and the incidence of extensive chronic GVHD was 6% (2/35) . The median follow-up time was 18.8 (2.9-44.1) months, the OS was 92% (34/37) .All survived patients were no longer dependent on blood transfusion and none of them had recurrence. Comparing the rates of overall survival(86%(19/22) vs.100%(12/12)) and rates of chronic GVHD(40%(8/20) vs. 17%(2/12)) in regimen 2 and regimen 3 group, there were no significant difference (χ2=1.742, 1.841, all P>0.05) . Significant difference was found at the incidence of Ⅰ-Ⅳ acute GVHD (10% (2/20) vs. 50% (6/12) ,χ2=6.200, P=0.013).@*Conclusions@#Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is effective and safe. It is suitable for patients who are not eligible for matched donor transplantation. Application of reduced dose preconditioning in haploid transplantation is worth exploring.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805906

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Compare the detection result of blood samples of severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) patients using different detection techniques, and observe the dynamic characteristics of the virus specific RNA, IgM antibody and IgG antibody, to provide theoretical basis for selection of diagnostic methods of disease.@*Methods@#Acute phase serum of suspected SFTS cases and convalescent serum samples of lab-confirmed cases were collected. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to detect the virus specific RNA, IgM antibody and IgG antibody. The detection results of different methods, the relationship between positive results and the acquisition time, and the dynamic characteristics of viral nucleic acid and antibodies were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 87 serum samples of the suspected SFTS patients were collected, the positive rate of virus specific RNA, IgM antibody and IgG antibody were 53.41%, 31.03% and 3.41%, respectively. Among 55 confirmed cases of SFTS, the consistent rate of virus specific RNA and IgM antibody detection methods was 36.36%, and the difference between the two methods was significant (χ2=6.82, P=0.009), kappa=-0.257. The sampling intervals of RNA positive samples were all within 12 days, of which the positive detection rate was highest after 7-9 days, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=10.35, P=0.016). In 34 SFTS convalescent serum samples, all the nucleic acid tests were negative, the positive rate of IgM antibody was 41.18%, which was not significantly different from the acute phase serum samples (P=1.00). The positive rate of IgG antibody was 94.12%, which was significantly higher than that of acute IgG antibody (0%). The dynamic characteristics of IgM and IgG antibody showed that IgM antibody could be detected on the second day after onset, the latest detection time was 74 days after onset, and the highest absorbance value and antibody detection rate occurred in 30-60 days. The earliest detection time of IgG antibody was 12 days after onset, and the last detection time was 100 days.The detection rate of IgG antibody and absorbance value increased rapidly after 30 days, and maintained in a high level. The detection rate of IgG antibody was 100% in 30-60 days.@*Conclusions@#Blood samples taken from SFTS suspected patients within two weeks of onset may be prioritized for detection of viral nucleic acids using Real-time fluorescence PCR or for detection of IgM antibodies by ELISA. Although IgM antibody can be detected 2 days after the onset, the peak appeared much later, so the negative result can’t rule out the diagnosis. IgG antibody has a high seroconversion rate in convalescent samples, and can be used as an auxiliary tool for disease diagnosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666161

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the clinical efficacy of self-madeQingre-Jiedu burn ointment on burn wound healing.Methods From November 2013 to October 2016, 94 burned patients in hospital were randomly divided into the observation group and control group, 47 cases each group. On the basis of conventional wound treatment, the control group was treated with compound sulfadiazine zinc coating, and the observation group was treated with self-madeQingre-Jiedu burn ointment topical coating. The analgesic effect and the clinical curative effect were observed and analyzed in the two groups. The Serum inflammatory cytokines like C-reactive protein(CRP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), growth factors [transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α), epidermal growth factor (EGF) levels and postoperative wound scar score (VSS) were compared before and after treatment.Results The rate of wound analgesic in the observation group was 85.1% (40/47) and the control group 59.6% (28/47). The difference was statistically significant (χ2=7.656,P<0.05). The total effective rate of the observation group was 93.6% (44/47) and the control group 78.7% (37/47). The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the CRP (39.85 ± 8.41ng/Lvs. 57.45 ± 11.63 ng/L,t=8.408), TNF-α (2.65 ± 0.87 ng/Lvs. 4.53 ± 1.23 ng/L,t=8.555), IL-6 (72.36 ± 10.25 ng/Lvs. 93.68 ± 12.54 ng/L,t=9.025) levels in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the TGF-α (53.69±6.51)pg/mlvs. 46.61 ± 6.51 pg/ml,t=6.192) and the levels in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusions The self-madeQingre-Jiedu burn ointments could heal the burn wound and reduce scars, and promote the growth factors.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709986

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate parity as a risk factor for autoimmune thyroid disease ( AITD) by comparing features of thyroid autoantibodies of pregnant women with different parities. This prospective cohort study included 477 women of first trimester of pregnancy in Peking University International Hospital from October 2016 to April 2017. Subjects were categorized as never parturition group ( n=287) or previously parturition group(n=190). All pregnant women in this study voluntarily signed informed consents. Thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), thyrotropin (TSH), and free T4 were measured in the first trimester of pregnancy( from 7 to 12 weeks) . Meanwhile, height, weight, blood pressure, gestational weeks and pregnancy history were recorded. Data were statistically analyzed. The positive rates of thyroid autoantibodies including TPOAb and TGAb in previously parturition group were higher than those in no parturition group(10.0%vs 5.2%, P<0.05). The previously parturition group tended to be older and had lower TSH levels than the never pregnant group( P<0.05) . TSH 2.5 mIU/L and 4.0 mIU/L were used as upper reference limits respectively. The rate of abnormality of thyroid function was higher in the never parturition group than those in previously parturition ones ( 33. 33 by 29. 5%, 21. 2% by 10. 8%) . In both previously parturition and never parturition groups, the commonest diseases of abnormal thyroidal function were SCH and subclinical thyrotoxicosis, and there was significant difference in disease of abnormal thyroidal function abnormal(χ2=15.704, P<0.05 and χ2=14.560, P<0.05). Parity was associated with AITD after adjustment for age, BMI, and gestational week [OR=2.346(1.075-5.121)]. Parity may affect AITD. Pregnant women should be monitored for thyroid function and thyroid autoantibodies even if they did not suffer from thyroid disease in the first pregnancy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619604

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of hydrogen on the endoplasmic reticulum stress during liver cold ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in rats.Methods Twenty-four SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 200-250 g,were divided into 3 groups (n=8 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),liver cold I/R group (group I/R) and hydrogen-saturated lactated Ringer's solution group (group HL).After occlusion of the liver blood flow,livers were perfused through the portal vein with 4 ℃ hydrogen-saturated lactated Ringer's solution 6-8 ml/min for 30 min.The liver blood flow was restored after the end of perfusion.At 6 h of reperfusion in I/R and HL groups or at 6 h after peritoneum closure in group S,blood samples from the inferior vena cava were collected for determination of serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) concentrations.After blood sampling,liver tissues were obtained for examination of pathological changes and for determination of cell apoptosis (using TUNEL),malondialdehyde (MDA) content (by thiobarbituric acid method),superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity (using xanthine oxidase method),expression of endoplasmic reticulum protein 46 (ERP46),immunoglobulin heavy chain binding protein (BiP) and caspase-12 (by immunohistochemistry),and expression of ERP46,BiP and caspase-12 mRNA (using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction).The pathological changes were scored.Apoptosis rate was calculated.Results Compared with group S,the serum ALT and AST concentrations,pathological scores,apoptosis rate and MDA content were significantly increased,the SOD activity was decreased,and the expression of ERP46,BiP and caspase-12 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in I/R and HL groups (P<0.05).Compared with group I/R,the serum ALT and AST concentrations,pathological scores,apoptosis rate and MDA content were significantly decreased,the SOD activity was increased,and the expression of ERP46,BiP and caspase-12 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group HL (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which hydrogen reduces cell apoptosis may be related to inhibition of endoplasmic reticulum stress during liver cold I/R in rats.

19.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 554-557, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618769

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of different flushing and sealing procedures on blood pressure fluc-tuation in patients receiving norepinephrine(NE) via micro-pump. Methods A total of 40 cases of critically ill pa-tients receiving intravenous infusion of NE via micro-pump,were randomly divided into two groups(20 cases in each group) from March to September,2016. For the experimental group,the liquid medicine in central venous catheter was sucked out,followed by flushing or sealing the tube according to conventional operation method. For the control group,conventional operation method was used to flush or seal the tube. The effects of two methods on arterial blood pressure were compared. Results Overall 423 flushing and sealing events were recorded among 40 cases in this study (209 in the experimental group and 214 in the control group). The fluctuation of blood pressure was small in the experimental group,while patients in the control group had significant fluctuation of blood pressure(P<0.05). Conclusion The new method that sucking liquid medicine out of the central venous catheter before flush-ing or sealing the tube followed by flushing or sealing using conventional operation method can reduce the risk of sudden increase in blood pressure for patients receiving small dose infusion with micro-pump.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 624-626, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different upper limb abduction angles on the occurrence of malposition of PICC into internal jugular vein. Methods Totally 210 cases of patients treated with PICCs for unilateral breast cancer of our hospital from August,2015 to January,2017 were randomly assigned to three groups with 70 cases in each group. The abduction angle of the upper limb for placement was set at 45° ,90° and 160° , respectively. We chose the basilic vein of the uninfected arm using modified Seldinger technique under the guidance of ultrasound for PICC,and malposition was confirmed by detecting the tip of PICC in internal jugular vein. Results The incidence rate of internal jugular venous dislocation in 45° group was 7.14%(5 cases) and 8.57% in 90° group (6 cases),and no internal jugular venous dislocation in 160° group. There was no statistically significant difference among 45°,90° and 160° groups(χ2=5.95,P>0.05). Significant differences of group comparisons for 45° v.s. 160° and 160° v.s. 90° were found (P0.05). Conclusion Abduction angles of 45° ,90° and 160° can all be used for PICC placement. The abduction angle can be selected according to specific situation of patients instead of being limited to the standard abduction angle of 90°.

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