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1.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 395-401, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907450

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in laparoscopic radical resection of bladder cancer and ileal bladder surgery under modular operation procedures.Methods:A retrospective selection of 42 cases of laparoscopic radical radical resection of bladder cancer and ileal bladder surgery performed by the Department of Urology, General Hospital of Southern Theater Command from January 2017 to December 2019 were divided into two groups according to the different management methods adopted during the perioperative period: ERAS management group and conventional management group, each with 21 cases. Among them, patients in the ERAS management group were managed by ERAS during the perioperative period, and patients in the conventional management group were managed by conventional management during the perioperative period. The postoperative hospital stay, first exhaust time, first defecation time, first time to get out of bed, first liquid food time, postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, as well as transferrin, upper arm circumference, body mass index, plasma albumin, total protein, and total protein were compared between the two groups of patients after surgery. The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the in dependent t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data of non-normal distribution were expressed as the median (interquartile range) [ M( P25, P75)], the independent sample Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test was used for comparison of enumeration data between groups. Results:The postoperative hospital stay in the ERAS group was (8.9±1.8) d, the first exhaust time was (33.4±3.2) h, the first defecation time was (60.3±7.8) h, the first time to get out of bed was (23.1±6.7) h, the first liquid food time was (82.7±18.5) h and postoperative VAS was (1.3±0.6), that were significantly reduced compared with the conventional treatment group [(12.3±2.3) d, (51.4±5.2) h, (73.0±8.1) h, (34.7±8.2) h, (109.7±21.6) h, (3.6±0.8)], the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the ERAS group, the decreased value of transferrin was [0.8 (-0.4, 2.2) g/L], the decreased value of body mass index was[1.61±0.73], the decreased value of plasma albumin was [3.5±1.5 g/L], the decrease value of total protein was[10.1±5.6 g/L] and the decrease value of prealbumin was [90.5±11.3 mg/L] were significantly lower than those of the conventional management group[(1.9(0.9, 3.6) g/L, (2.32±1.05) kg/m 2, (9.6±2.0) g/L, (16.3±4.9) g/L, (131.3±7.4) g/L], and the difference were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Modular laparoscopic precision resection of bladder cancer and ERAS concept after ileal bladder surgery is beneficial to shorten the hospital stay, reduce postoperative pain, have less impact on the patient′s body loss and immune function, and can speed up the patient′s postoperative recovery.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the outcomes of standard endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with complex neck anatomical features.Methods:Clinical data of AAA patients received standard EVAR from Jan 2004 to Dec 2018 were retrospectively collected. Based on pre-operative computed tomography angiography (CTA) data, patients were divided into complex neck group and non-complex neck group to compare the results between them.Results:There were 88 patients (66.2%) in complex neck group and 45 patients (33.8%) in non-complex group. There was no significant difference in peri-operative characters (blood loss, contrast volume used, hospital stay time, technical success rate) and follow-up results (late re-intervention, late endoleak, aneurysm enlargement, survival rate),all P>0.05.Multivariant logistic regression analysis revealed neck diameter larger than 31 mm was related with late re-intervention ( OR=24.975, P=0.02). Conclusion:Standard EVAR for AAA with complex neck characters does not cause higher perioperative complications and less favorable long term survival rate.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical results of different endovascular thrombus reduction techniques in the treatment of acute lower extremity arterial thrombosis.Methods:The clinical data of 96 consecutive patients with acute femoral popliteal arterial thrombosis who were treated with catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) and mechanical thrombus aspiration system (PMT) between Jan 2016 and Dec 2018 at Cangzhou People's Hospital and Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Ninty-six patients underwent thrombolytic surgery,including 36 with CDT thrombolysis, 28 with AngioJet aspiration alone and 32 with Rotarex aspiration alone. Angiojet thrombus aspiration reduced thrombus rate by 89.3% (25/28) and clinical success rate by 92.8% (26/28).The thrombus reduction rate of Rotarex group was 87.5% (28/32), and the clinical success rate was 96.8% (31/32). In the CDT thrombolytic group, the thrombolytic reduction rate was 61.1% (22/36), including 8 patients who underwent thrombectomy and 6 patients with PMT, with a clinical success rate of 86.1% (31/36). The rate of distal arterial embolization, puncture point and local subcutaneous hematoma and vascular rupture was 21.4%, 10.7% and 2.1%, respectively. There were no amputation cases reported during a mean 13 months follow-up.The survival rate was 97.9%. The first-stage patency rate of 67.8%, while the second-stage artery patency rate of 85.7% during the follow-up.Conclusion:Compared with CDT, PMT has higher efficiency and lower complication rate in the treatment of acute lower extremity arterial thrombosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with concomitant severe carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous CEA and CABG at Peking University People′s Hospital from Jan 2011 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The mean ages was 69 years old.The operation adopted the strategy of CEA first and then CABG. Conventional CEA with carotid arterial shunting was performed. The primary composite end points were perioperative cardiovascular and neurological adverse event rates, as well as the late follow-up outcomes. The technical success rate was 100%. There were no adverse cardiovascular events during the perioperative period. Ischemic stroke occurred in 2 patients. No early death was observed. Seventeen cases were successfully followed up for 1-103 months. One patient developed cerebral infarction after 8 months, one developed acute myocardial infarction 43 months after surgery. No cases suffered from carotid artery restenosis. The 5-year overall survival rate was 91%.Conclusions:Simultaneous CEA and CABG treatment for patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease is safe with few perioperative cardiovascular events and no deaths.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882695

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between previous bleeding history and poor prognosis of patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding.Methods:This study was a prospective multicentre real-world study (Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Real-word study, AUGUR study). The data of patients with UGIB who were admitted to the emergency department of 20 tertiary hospitals in China from June 30, 2020 to February 10, 2021 were collected. According to the number of previous bleeding history, the patients were divided into three groups (0 time, 1-3 times, and≥4 times). Based on the patient’s demographic data, clinical characteristics, laboratory data, treatment, and outcomes, univariate and logistic regression analysis were performed to investigate the correlation between the number of previous bleeding and the 90-day mortality and rebleeding of patients with gastrointestinal bleeding.Results:A total of 1 072 patients with acute UGIB were included in this study. The all-cause mortality and rebleeding rate of all patients were 10.9% (117/1 072) and 11.8% (129/1 072), respectively. Among them, 712 patients (66.42%) had no previous bleeding, 297 patients (27.71%) had previous bleeding 1-3 times, and 63 patients (5.88%) had previous bleeding≥4 times. In univariate analysis, age, vital signs and consciousness on admission, history of liver cirrhosis, onset with hematemesis, admission hemoglobin, varicose veins bleeding, peptic ulcer bleeding, red blood cell infusion, tracheal intubation and the use of vasopressors after admission were risk factors for the 90-day mortality and rebleeding rate. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients with previous bleeding≥4 times had a higher risk of the 90-day mortality ( OR=2.17, 95% CI: 1.04-4.57, P=0.040) and rebleeding ( OR=2.32, 95% CI: 1.19-4.53, P=0.013). Conclusions:The history of previous bleeding≥ 4 times can be used as an independent risk factor for the 90-day mortality and rebleeding in patients with acute UGIB.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867960

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical treatment of large segmental humeral defects with unilateral external fixation and bone transport.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 9 patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics, Shenzhen People's Hospital for large segmental humeral defects from September 2017 to June 2019. They were 5 males and 4 females with an average age of 29 years (from 21 to 41 years). Their defects were caused by trauma in 2 cases, by chronic osteomyelitis in 6 cases and by bone tumor in one case. The length of bone defect ranged from 4.2 to 9.0 cm, with an average of 5.9 cm. A unilateral external fixator was placed in operation, and adjusted regularly 7 to 10 days after operation for bone transport and bone lengthening to restore the length of humerus gradually. The external fixation bracket was removed after 3 to 4 layers of cortex were observed on X-ray films. Recorded were length and rate of humeral lengthening, fracture healing time, time for carrying external fixator and complications; the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores were compared between preoperation and 15 months postoperation.Results:All the patients were followed up for 15 to 36 months (mean, 19 months). The length of lengthening averaged 5.9 cm (from 4.2 to 9.0 cm) with an average lengthening rate of 26%, the healing index 31 d/cm, the bone healing time 8.3 months, and the time for carrying external fixator 10.8 months(from 8.0 to 13.5 months). Their average DASH scores improved significantly from 25.0 ± 2.4 preoperation to 12.0 ± 1.8 at 15 months postoperation ( P<0.05). Good correction of large humeral defects was achieved in all but one case who reported temporary radial nerve paralysis. There were no such complications as neurovascular injury. The shoulder and elbow functions were basically normal after operation. Conclusions:In the treatment of large segmental humeral defects, unilateral external fixation plus bone transport can quickly repair the defects and recover the upper limb function of the patients.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 727-730, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867312

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the efficacy and safety of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in incomplete spinal cord injured (SCI) subjects affected by neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms.Methods:Clinical data of 36 patients with incomplete spinal cord injury who underwent SNM from February 2015 to April 2019 were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into group NUR (16 cases neurogenic urinary retention group) and group NOAB (20 cases of neurogenic bladder overactive group). If at least 50% clinical improvement occurred, the patient would undergo a permanent SNM procedure. The patients were evaluated by using bladder diary, postvoid residual volume measurement, frequency of clean catheterization and urodynamic parameters before and during the test, and after the permanent SNM.Results:Among the 36 patients, 21 cases (58.3%) were tested effectively and received permanent stimulator implantation, 7(19.4%) in NUR group and 14(38.9%) in NOAB group. The residual urine volume of bladder, the average number of catheterization and the average number of urination in NUR group were improved in different degrees. After operation, the symptoms of frequent urination, urgency of urination and incontinence in NOAB group were relieved to varying degrees. During the follow-up, 2 patients with urinary retention failed the treatment. After the Ⅰ phase of the contralateral S3, the curative effect was recovered. A patient were infected after operation, and the wound healed after removal of the infection.Conclusions:The SNM is safe and effective in the treatment of neurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms in some incomplete spinal cord injury patients, and is helpful to protect renal function in patients with spinal cord injury. SNM can not improve all symptoms at times, but the SNM can be considered in patients with ineffective or intolerant traditional treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756114

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes in neutrophil immunophenotypes in neonates with late-onset sepsis and their clinical significance.Methods A total of 42 neonates with late-onset sepsis were enrolled prospectively as sepsis group from Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to October 2016,which included 26 preterm infants and 16 term infants.Another 33 neonates without infectious diseases consisting of 20 preterm infants and 13 term infants were selected as control group.According to the severity of sepsis,neonates in the sepsis group were further divided into severe (n=11)and mild sepsis (n=31) subgroups.Expression of CD16 and CD62L on neutrophils was measured by flow cytometry to determine the distribution of neutrophil subsets in neonatal peripheral blood.Differences in the distribution of neutrophil subsets between the two groups and two subgroups were compared using Wilcoxon rank-sum test.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between neutrophil subsets and the severity of neonatal sepsis.Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the diagnostic value of neutrophil subsets for the severity of sepsis.Results Four neutrophil subsets were identified in neonatal peripheral blood,including early-stage neutrophils (CD16-/CD62L-),immature neutrophils (CD16-/CD62L+),mature neutrophils (CD16+/CD62L+) and activated neutrophils (CD16+/CD62L-).Activated [preterm:61.1% (20.2%-79.4%),term:47.6% (15.2%-70.1%)] and mature neutrophils [preterm:35.7% (19.9%-75.8%),term:52.0% (25.6%-82.8%)] were the dominant subsets in the control group.In preterm infants,the proportion of early-stage [3.5% (1.7%-9.4%) vs 1.9% (0.6%-4.0%),Z=-2.501,P=0.012] and immature neutrophils [6.3% (0.7%-45.5%) vs 0.4% (0.3%-0.7%),Z=-3.878,P<0.001] were higher,but that of activated neutrophils [8.3% (2.3%-49.2%) vs 61.1% (20.2%-79.4%),Z=2.991,P=0.002] were lower in the sepsis group than those in the control group;same differences were found in the absolute counts of each neutrophil subsets.Among term infants,more immature neutrophils were found in the sepsis group than those in the control group [49 (18-200) vs 13 (5-36)/μl,Z=-2.193,P=0.028].The proportion and the absolute counts of early-stage and immature neutrophils in the severe sepsis subgroup were all higher than those in the mild cases [early-stage neutrophils:5.8% (3.4%-17.8%) vs 3.0% (1.4%-7.3%),304 (137-1478) vs 158 (53-321)/μl;immature neutrophils:23.0% (6.3%-47.0%) vs 0.9% (0.5%-6.8%),1003 (487-2818) vs 85 (18-275)/μl;all P<0.05].Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the proportion of early-stage neutrophils was associated with the severity of sepsis (OR=1.2,95%CI:1.0-1.4,P=0.012).In addition,the diagnostic value of the proportion of early-stage neutrophils for severe sepsis was the highest when the cut-off value was 3.3%,with the area under the ROC curve was 0.7 (95%CI:0.6-0.9),sensitivity of 81.8% (95%CI:48.2%-97.7%) and specificity of 62.3% (95%CI:42.2%-78.2%).Conclusions There are four neutrophil subsets in the peripheral blood of neonates and autoactivation of neutrophils may exist.With the onset of sepsis,neutrophil subsets react differently between preterm and term infants.The proportion of early-stage neutrophils may be correlated with the severity of neonatal sepsis,which may have a predictive value for severe sepsis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756101

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the long-term effects of regular exercise during pregnancy on overweight and obese gravidas. Methods This study was based on a previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) regarding Effect of Regular Exercise Commenced in Early Pregnancy on the Incidence of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in Overweight and Obese Pregnant Women conducted at Peking University First Hospital from December 2014 to July 2016. Totally 265 women whose prepregnant body mass index (BMI) ≥24.0 kg/m2 were enrolled in the RCT and were randomly assigned to exercise group (n=132) and control group (n=133). This study was a follow-up of all the participants at one year after delivery from March 2016 to August 2017. Body weight, body fat, fasting and 2 h glucose level in 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), insulin resistance index and lipid profiles were compared. We also evaluated their physical activities with International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), their dietary habits with modified Adult Dietary Behavior Assessment Scale and depression condition with Postpartum Depression Screen Scale (PDSS). Two independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. ResuLts The overall follow-up rate was 51.7% (137/265), while 64.4% (85/132) in the exercise group and 39.1% (52/133) in the control group. No significant difference in body weight loss [2.3 ( - 6.0 to 5.0) vs 1.0 ( - 1.3 to 4.7) kg], body fat percentage [(38.04±4.54)% vs (37.51±4.90) %], 2 h glucose level in 75 g OGTT [(7.30±2.80) vs (7.32±1.61) mmol/L], abnormal glucose tolerance ratio [30.0% (9/30) vs 28.8% (17/59)] or insulin resistance index (2.92±1.77 vs 2.86±1.92) was found between the control and exercise group (t or Z= - 0.940, 0.312, 3.415, 0.005, 1.743, all P>0.05). However, the fasting blood glucose in 75 g OGTT was higher in the control group [(5.53±0.92) vs (5.28±0.43) mmol/L, t=9.268, P=0.003]. The two groups showed no significant difference (exercise group vs control group) in physical activity level [219 (99-504) vs 195 (99-351)], total score of dietary habits [79.00 (72.50-87.50) vs 76.00 (70.00-82.00)] or PDSS score of depression [55.00 (41.00-77.00) vs 70.00 (46.25-84.75)] at follow-up (Z=-0.808, -1.822, -1.620, all P>0.05). Moreover, there was no significant difference in the level of serum triglyceride [(1.25±1.04) vs (1.42±0.85) mmol/L], total cholesterol [(4.56±0.71) vs (4.40±0.67) mmol/L], high density lipoprotein-cholesterol [(1.32±0.29) vs (1.22±0.21) mmol/L] or low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [(2.67±0.56) vs (2.55±0.52) mmol/L] between the exercise and control group (t=0.001, 0.020, 3.255, 0.303, all P>0.05). ConcLusions Regular exercise during pregnancy has no long-term effect on maternal health in the absence of continuing lifestyle intervention after delivery. Therefore, postpartum follow-up and continued education on healthy lifestyle should be emphasized.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 517-520, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755482

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the results and reality of transurethral resection of bladder tumor with preexcitation of electric cutting loop in the prevention of obturator nerve reflex.Methods The clinical data of 186 patients with bladder tumors admitted from January 2015 to August 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 112 males and 74 females aged 35 to 83 years,average (59 ± 11)years.76 patients were admitted because of intermittent gross hematuria and 110 patients were admitted because of physical check-up.All patients underwent ultrasound,CT (plain scan/enhancement) and cystoscopy before operation.The pathological diagnosis of cystoscopy biopsy was bladder urothelial cell carcinoma.There were 105 cases clinical stage Ta stage,81 cases of T1 stage.There were 103 single cases and 39 multiple cases of non-muscular invasive bladder.According to the different surgical techniques,the patients were divided into two groups:the pre-excitation group and lateral incision group.There were 142 cases in pre-excitation group.In the pre-excitation group,the tumors were removed routinely by the resection ring.When the resection ring was far away from the tumors,the pedal switch was pressed to excite the resection ring.The resection ring was moved to the location of the tumors,and the tumors were cut to the muscular layer.The operation was completed after 2 cm electric cauterization around the wound and hemostasis.In the lateral incision group,the tumors were removed routinely by the electric resection ring.The operation time,incidence of obturator nerve reflex,incidence of bladder perforation,amount of bleeding,retention time of catheter,pathological grading,risk grading,hospitalization time and recurrence rate of tumors at 6 months after operation were compared between the two groups.Results The operation was successfully completed in both groups,and there was no transition to open operation.In the pre-excitation group,the operation time was 10 minutes to 56 minutes,with an average of (28 ± 12) minutes,and the intraoperative blood loss ranged from 5 ml to 70 ml,with an average of (35 ± 15) ml.In the lateral incision group,the operation time was 15 minutes to 65 minutes,with an average of (28 ± 11) minutes,and the blood loss was 10 ml to 80 ml,with an average of (40 ± 15) ml.There was no significant difference in operation time and blood loss between the two groups (P > 0.05).There were only 3 cases of obturator nerve reflex in preexcitation group,the incidence was 2.1%.There were 13 cases of obturator nerve reflex in lateral resection group,the incidence was 29.5%.There was significant difference of nerve reflex incidence between the two groups (P < 0.05).Conclusions In transurethral resection of bladder tumors,the method of pre-excitation of plasma resection ring can effectively decrease obturator nerve reflex and make the operation safer.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752876

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: At present, there is no uniform standard for the treatment time of chemical reagents for surface treatment of glass fiber posts. Therefore, studying the effect of treatment time of glass fiber post surface treatment reagents on the bond strength between fiber posts and resin cements is of great significance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two chemical agents on the bonding strength of glass fiber post and resin cement after surface pretreatment of glass-fiber posts at different times. METHODS: Forty-eight glass fiber posts were randomly divided into eight groups according to different surface treatment methods, six in each group. Group A received no special treatment; group B was treated with silanization for 1 minute; group C1 underwent a 30% hydrogen peroxide surface treatment for 5 minutes prior to 1-minute silanization; group C2underwent a 30% hydrogen peroxide surface treatment for 10minutes prior to 1-minutesilanization; group C3 underwent a 30% hydrogen peroxide surface treatment for 15 minutes prior to 1-minute silanization; group D1 underwent a 35% phosphoric acid surface treatment for 30 seconds prior to 1-minute silanization; group D2 underwent a 35% phosphoric acid surface treatment for 60 seconds prior to 1-minute silanization; group D3 underwent a 35% phosphoric acid surface treatment for 90 seconds prior to 1-minute silanization. The surface morphology of the treated glass fiber posts was observed under scanning electron microscope. The glass fiber post was bonded to the resin cement to form a cylindrical resin block and cut into a thin sample. The sheet was placed on a universal testing machine for micro-extrusion experiments. The failure mode of the specimens was observed under a stereomicroscope. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Scanning electron microscope: the surface of the fiber post had different degrees of matrix dissolution and fiber bundle exposure after hydrogen peroxide and phosphoric acid treatment, but did not destroy the integrity of the fiber bundle. (2) Micro-extrusion experiments: the order of the bonding strength was as follows: group C3 > group C2 > group C1 > group D2 > groupD3 > groupD1> group B > group A, and there was significant difference between groups (P< 0.05) except for groups A and B, groups C2 andC3, and groups D2and D3. (3) Stereo microscope: the failure mode in the groups A and B was almost destruction in adhesion. The other six groups showed destruction in adhesion, but the cohesive failure and mixed failure were increased, and the failure mode changed from destruction in adhesion into cohesive failure and mixed failure. (4) These results indicate that the optimal treatment time of 30% hydrogen peroxide is 10 minutes, and the optimal treatment time of 35% phosphoric acid is 60 seconds. 30% hydrogen peroxide solution treatment of fiber post surface for 10 minutes has great clinical application value.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752714

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality at home and the influencing factors in patients with colorectal tumor after enterostomy. Methods Using convenience sampling method, during March 2016 to December 2017 in Anhui Provincial Cancer Hospital wound and stoma outpatient, choose 276 patients with enterostomy (including temporary enterostomy and permanent enterostomy), using self-made general questionnaire ostomy, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and self nursing competence scale to investigate them. Results The total PSQI score of enterostomy patients was 6.39±4.07, among which 150 patients (57.0%) had poor sleep (PSQI>7). The score of the 7 dimensions of PSQI from high to low was sleep time (1.22 ± 1.05), sleep time (1.12 ± 0.98), subjective sleep quality (1.00 ± 0.92), sleep disorder (1.02±0.95), sleep efficiency (0.95±0.43), daytime dysfunction (0.83±0.76), hypnotic drugs (0.25± 0.24).There were statistically significant differences in sleep quality among patients with different ages (Z=-2.937), duration of stoma (t=3.450-3.896), types of stoma (t=3.998-4.011), whether or not they had a history of leakage within 1 month (t=3.454-6.774), whether or not they had bloating bags (t=3.230-4.001), stoma complications (t=2.976-3.582), enterostomy self-care knowledge (Z=-3.202,t=3.971) and nursing skills (t=3.061)(P<0.05). Conclusions The present study shows that the sleep quality of patients with enterostomy is generally poor, and targeted measures should be taken to reduce its incidence or to intervene in time.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752629

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of rhythmic breathing on pain in burn patients. Methods A total of 100 patients with burns in Tangshan Workers Hospital were randomly selected from August 2015 to August 2017. They were randomly divided into control group and experimental group by random number table method, with 50 cases in each group. Baseline variables were recorded for each patient, and pain scores for each patient was scored on the fourth day after admission by the pain scale questionnaire score. At the same time, from the fourth day of admission, each group began to give sterile dressings to treat burns. The control group only used a conventional care mode that included dressing coverage therapy. The experimental group added rhythmic breathing on this basis. The pain scores were scored on the 5th day, the 6th day, and the 7th day after admission. The pain scores of the 3 days in each group were compared, and the difference in pain scores between the 2 groups was compared. Results In the experimental group, the pain scores on the 5th day, the 6th day and the 7th day of admission were (1.53 ± 1.90), (1.68 ± 1.37), and (1.97 ± 1.18) points, respectively, and the control group was (3.64 ± 0.85). (3.74±0.78), (3.85±0.81) points, there were significant differences in pain scores between the two groups (U=5.76, 8.65, 7.79, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in pain scores on the 5th day, 6th day and 7th day in the observation group (P>0.05). There was statistically significant difference in pain scores between the control group on day 5, day 6, and day 7 (χ2=6.83, P<0.01). Conclusions Rhythmic breathing relieves pain after burns.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745824

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the mid-and long-term results of chimney-endovascular aneurysm repair (Ch-EVAR) on efficacy and durability.Methods Data of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) patients receiving Ch-EVAR were retrospectively collected and analyzed.Results From Jan 2011 to Dec 2016,21 patients received Ch-EVAR in our institution including 18 males and 3 females with the average age 74.0 ±6.31 years.One patient died and 20 patients were followed up for an mean period of 53.2 months.During EVAR procedures 14 patients received left renal artery chimney stents,6 patients had right renal artery chimney stents and one did bilateral renal artery chimney stents.Technical success was achieved in all patients (100%).Differences between preoperative and one-week postoperative value of serum creatinine (P =0.639) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (P =0.804) showed no statistical difference.The differences of maximum sac diameter between preoperiation (60.1 ± 13.1 mm) and follow-up (59.2 ± 13.5 mm) was not significant (P =0.826).Six patients died during follow-up and none was aortic events related.All chimney stents were patent.One patient developed late type Ⅱ endoleak and refused reintervention regardless of aneurysm expansion.Conclusion For short hostile neck AAA patients with considerable surgical risk Ch-EVAR may be an effective and durable alternative.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745805

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of left subclavian artery (LSA) coverage on ischemic stroke complications in thoracic aortic cavity repair (TEVAR).Methods The clinical data of 69 patients undergoing TEVAR with LSA coverage from Jun 2013 to Jan 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.Results There were 56 males and 13 females,average age of S1.1(32-76).Perioperative mortality was 4.3% (3/69) and stroke related mortality was 1.4% (1/69).There were 2 cases (2/66,3.0%) of symptomatic stroke in perioperative period and 5 cases (5/66,7.6%) of cryptogenic stroke,inclucling 2 cases of anterior circulation ischemia (2/66,3.0%),3 cases of posterior circulation ischemia (3/66,4.5%),and 2 cases of multiple ischemia (2/66,3.0%).48 cases (72.7%) of vertebral blood steal were grade Ⅰ,15 cases (22.7%) were Ⅱ and 3 cases (4.5%) were Ⅲ.No new stroke related deaths happened in 6 months,there were 3 cases of symptomatic stroke (3/66,4.5%) and 13 cases of cryptogenic stroke (13/66,19.7%).There were 3 cases of anterior circulation ischemia (3/66,4.4%),8 cases of posterior circulation ischemia (8/66,12.1%) and 5 cases of multiple ischemia (5/66,7.6%)respectively.Conclusion The compensation mechanism of LSA itself reduces the serious ischemic stroke risk caused by LSA coverage.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743613

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occurrence of moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) around the stoma in patients with colorectal tumor after enterostomy. Methods Using convenience sampling method, during March 2016 to December 2017 in Anhui Provincial Cancer Hospital wound and stoma outpatient, choose 276 patients with enterostomy (including temporary enterostomy and permanent enterostomy), using self-made general questionnaire and ostomy self nursing competence scale to investigate them. Results Totally 276 cases of enterostomy patients, including 119 cases (43.1%) underwent colostomy, 157 cases ileum ileostomy (56.9%). There were 92 cases (33.3%)of patients with MASD , the binary classification Logistic regression analysis showed that enterostomy time (P = 0.004), the type of enterostomy (P=0.009), height of enterostomy (P=0.001), enterostomy self-care knowledge (P=0.012) and nursing skills (P=0.002) were MASD influence factors. Conclusion The present study shows that MASD is widespread in patients with enterostomy, and targeted measures should be taken to reduce its incidence or to intervene in time.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824796

ABSTRACT

Hyperglycemia during pregnancy is associated with many maternal and infant complications,hence strict blood glucose control during pregnancy is of great importance.Glycosylated hemoglobin Alc (HbA1c),glycated albumin (GA),self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) are four main measures to assess sugar level during pregnancy.GA level is a reflection of blood sugar level in the past 2-3 weeks and is unlikely influenced by various factors,therefore holds great potential in better control of blood glucose to help improve maternal and fetal outcomes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734867

ABSTRACT

Objective Todiscuss the causes and treatment of intimo-intimal intussusception in endovascular repair of aortic dissecting aneurysms.Methods This retrospective study included 7 patients with intimo-intimal intussusception who underwent endovascular repair of aortic dissecting aneurysms from January 2017 to June 2018.There were 5 males and 2 females aged 34 to 64 years (mean 47.1 years),with a clinical course from 8 hours to 3 months.Six cases presented with acute chest pain and 1 had abdominal pain.Preoperative CTA was performed in all patients to confirm the diagnosis.Six patients received thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) and 1 receivedfenestration.Results The endovascular repairs were successful without converting to open surgery in all patients.Pathological classifications were 1 type Ⅰ,5 type Ⅱ and 1 type Ⅲ.Four patients received another aortic stent at distal segment to cover the intimo-intimal intussusception and 1 patient at proximal site.One patients received another bare stent in the superior mesenteric artery,and 1 case received abdominal aortic stent implantation.Balloon was used in 2 cases to dilate the stenosis of aortic stents.The death occurred in 1 case at 3 days after surgery for metadata object description schema,and 1 patient needed continuous renal dialysis after discharge.The postoperative conditions (from 7 to 21 days) of other patients were normal without paraplegia,bowel necrosis,lower limb ischemia or arterial rupture.Conclusions The results indicate that the intimo-intimal intussusception in endovascular aortic dissecting aneurysms repair is rare and it is a severe complication.Re-endovascular aortic repair is a safe and reliable surgical approachbased on the type in early phase.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734340

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the optimal thresholds of the passing rate with different gamma measurement criteria (percent dose difference/DTA) based on the Delta 4 three-dimensional dosimetric verification system in the verification of volumetric modulated arc-therapy (VMAT) plan for cervical cancer.Methods Thirty clinically-approved dual-arc VMAT plans using the RapidArcTM (Varian Medical Systems Inc.) for cervical cancer were randomly selected.The gamma analysis and dose-volume histogram (DVH) evaluation were performed using Delta 4.All the plans were classified according to the following two criteria:1.If the absolute percentage dose errors of all specific dosimetry indices on the DVH were less than 5%,the plan was regarded as clinically acceptable.2.If the gamma passing rate was 90% or 95% under the criteria of 2%/2 mm and 3%/3 mm,the plan was regarded as acceptable.The sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted based on the classification results and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted.By calculating the Youden Index,the optimal thresholds under different Gamma criteria (global and local 2%/2 mm and 3%/3 mm) were investigated.Finally,the ability of distinguishing the plan was clinically acceptable or not between the conventional and optimal thresholds was quantitatively compared according to the sensitivity and specificity analyses.Results The optimal thresholds under the global 3%/3 mm and 2%/2 mm criteria were 98.3% and 87.05%;and 97.55% 、86.05% for the local gamma analysis.Compared with the conventional thresholds,the sensitivity of the optimal thresholds was 0.93 by using the global and local gamma analyses under the 3%/3 mm criterion.Under the 2%/2 mm criterion,the sensitivity of the optimal thresholds was 0.65 and the specificity was 0.49 by using the global gamma analysis.The sensitivity was 0.7 and the specificity was 0.46 by using the local gamma analysis,suggesting that the sensitivity and the specificity were more balanced under the 2%/2 mm criterion.Conclusions Application of the optimal thresholds in the verification of VMAT plans can maintain the balance between the sensitivity and specificity,prevent the harm of clinically unacceptable plans to patients to certain extent and reduce the probability of increasing the daily work load for physicists due to the misjudgement of clinically acceptable plans.

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