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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885303

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of dual-kidney transplantation from infant donors to adult recipients.Methods:From December 2012 to November 2020 in Organ Transplant Center First Affiliated Hospital Sun Yat-sen University, rertrospective reviews were conducted for clinical data of 25 pairs of infant donors and adult recipients. The survival rates were calculated for both recipients and transplanted kidneys at Year 1/3/5 post-transplantation. And the postoperative recovery status and the postoperative incidence of adverse events of recipients were observed.Results:The survival rates of recipients were all 95.8% at Year 1/3/5 and those of transplanted kidney and dealth-cancelling transplanted kidney all 87.2%. One case died due to acute inferior-wall cardiac infarction while three others lost renal functions for vascular thrombosis, ureteral stenosis and urinary fistula. Except for loss of renal function and death, the postoperative estimated golmerular fitration rate was (99.35±21.78), (103.11±29.20) and (114.99±28.55) ml/(min·1.73 m 2) at Year 1/2/3 respectively. Conclusions:Selecting proper recipients, standardizing donor acquisition and surgical procedures and strengthening perioperative managements may expand the donor pool. The overall outcomes are excellent for adult recipients with dual-kidney transplantation from donations after infants' death.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical outcome of renal transplantation and analyze the risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival after transplantation.Methods The clinical data of 524 cases of renal transplantation between January 2007 and December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.Serum creatinine was determined,and glomerular filtration rate(GFR) was estimated.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient and graft survival after transplantation was calculated.Adverse events were recorded.Results The median follow-up time was 17.2 months.The 1-,2-and 3-year graft survival rate after transplantation was 97%,95.8% and 95.3%,respectively.The 1-,2-and 3-year patient survival rate after transplantation was 97.8%,97% and 97%,respectively.The eGFR was (67.6 ± 24.1),(68.9±24.2) and (72.7 ± 26.2) ml·min-1 ·1.73 m-2 at 1st,2nd and 3rd year after transplantation.The incidence of delayed graft function(DGF) was 20.6% (108/524).Multivariate analysis revealed donor type (P =0.005) and the terminal creatinine (P<0.001) were the independent risk factors of DGF.Elder recipients (P =0.004),recipients with diabetes(P =0.031),preoperative positivity of panel reactive antibody(PRA) (P =0.023),and donor with hypertension (P =0.046) were risk factors influencing the kidney allograft survival.Conclusion Kidney transplantation showed good outcomes at 3rd year after transplantation.The recipient age,recipient's history of diabetes,preoperative PRA and donor's history of hypertension are independent risk factors for renal graft survival.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610642

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the incidence of BK virus (BKV) infection after kidney transplantation in our center and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of conversion treatment with Mizoribine (MZR) on BKV infection after kidney transplantation.Methods The information of recipients who received BK virus screening in hospital or outpatient during 2015-02 to 2016-12 in our center was retrospectively analyzed.The recipients positive for BKV were divided into experiment group (given conversion treatment with MZR) and control group (not given MZR conversion) according to the inclusion criteria.The negative rate of BKV,AR,hyperuricemia and the function of renal allograft during the conversion treatment with MZR were observed.Results 182 recipients accepted BKV screening during 2015-02 to 2016-12 and 68 cases were positive.The positive rate of BKV was 38.5 %.The positive rate of peripheral blood specimens and midstream urine specimens was 7.1% and 36.8% respectively.Twelve recipients were positive for BKV in both peripheral blood specimens and midstream urine specimens.There were 27 recipients in experiment group and 36 cases in control group.Fourteen recipients positive for BKV became negative after MZR conversion in experiment group and the negative rate was up to 51.9%.The mean time of negative rate was 3.2 ± 2.7 (1-10) months after MZR conversion.During the conversion treatment with MZR,AR occurred in 1 case and was reversed by the impact therapy with Thymoglobulin in experiment group.The value of serum uric acid was maintained stable before and after MZR conversion under the action of uric-acidlowering drug.The renal function was kept stable in both experiment group and control group after renal transplantation.No deaths and renal allograft failure cases occurred in both groups during the research period.The 2-year survival rate for patients and kidneys was both 100%.Conclusion The incidence of BKV infection after kidney transplantation was high and the treatment scheme of MZR conversion was safe and effective.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1326-1329,1333, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604012

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the analytical performance of Mindray BS‐820 automatic biochemical analysis system used in primary hospitals in Guangzhou area for verifying whether its performance meeting the clinical requirements .Methods Accord‐ing to the EP5‐A2 ,EP6‐A ,EP7‐A2 and EP‐17A files recommended by CLSI and the Pharmaceutical Industry Standard of the Peo‐ple′s Republic of China YY/T0654‐2008 ,the precision ,linear rang ,anti‐interference capability ,sensitivity and carry‐over rate of the Mindray BS‐820 automatic biochemical analysis system were evaluated by adopting 16 routine biochemical items .Results The pre‐cision results of all 16 analyzing items conducted by the Mindray BS‐820 automatic chemical analysis system conformed to the re‐quirements .The results of 15 items showed good linear relation during the testing range (r≥0 .997 9) .In 16 biochemical items ,the anti‐interference capability of TBIL ,TP ,TC ,TG ,LDL ,HDL ,UREA and Ca to bilirubin ,triglyceride and hemoglobin conformed to or were higher than the anti‐interference capability declared by manufacturer ,but among other 8 items ,the anti‐interference capabil‐ity of 3 items was lower than that declared by manufacturer .The limit of blank(LOB) of all 16 analyzing items was less than LOB in the kit instruction .The carry‐over rate of Glu was 0 .02% ,less than 0 .50% .Conclusion This instrument has good precision , sensitivity and low carry‐over rate(0 .02% ) ,the linear range is ideal ,r≥0 .997 9 ,the anti‐interference capability basically satisfies the clinical needs .Therefore this instrument is suitable for the use in the middle‐small scale laboratory department .

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312655

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the value of quantitative analysis of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in the diagnosis and therapeutic evaluations in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>According to the staging criteria defined by the American Association of Liver Diseases, 96 patients with CHB admitted in Zhujiang Hospital were classified in immune-tolerant (IT), HBeAg-positive hepatitis (EPH), inactive carrier (IC) and HBeAg-negative hepatitis (ENH) phases. Serum HBsAg, HBV-DNA and ALT levels were quantified and their correlations were evaluated in each phase of infection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean HBsAg titers (measured in log10U/L) differed significantly between the phases of CHB (4.12 in IT, 4.02 in EPH, 2.85 in EPH, and 3.29 in ENH). The correlation coefficient of HBsAg with HBV-DNA was 0.6828 in IT, 0.5759 in EPH, 0.3280 in IC, and 0.1083 in ENH. Serum HBsAg titers were significantly higher in HBeAg-positive patients than in HBeAg-negative patients. No correlation was found between HBsAg level and ALT in each phase of CHB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The median baseline serum HBsAg levels vary between different phases of CHB in Guangzhou, suggesting the value of HBsAg in accurate classification of hepatitis B patients and evaluation of the therapeutic effect and outcomes of the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA, Viral , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Humans , Serologic Tests
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468875

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of kidney transplantation from donation after brain death (DBD) donors with terminal acute renal failure (ARF).Method The clinical data of kidney transplantation from DBD donors with ARF were retrospectively analyzed,and only standard criteria donors (SCD) were included.The results of kidney transplants from ARF donors were compared with those of kidney transplants from DBD donors with normal renal function (serum creatinine < 133μmol/L) performed from January 2012 to March 2014.Result There were 13 donors with ARF and 27 donors with normal renal function (non-ARF donors).The ARF donors had significantly higher terminal serum creatinine than the non-ARF donors (394.9 ± 176.8 vs.75.4 ± 28.6 μmol/L,P<0.001),but the initial serum creatinine (79.1 ± 17.2 vs.71.0 ± 22.8 μmol/L) and the best creatinine clearance rate (128.3 ± 33.0 vs.129.8 ± 46.8 ml/min) of two groups showed no significant difference (P>0.05).Twenty-six recipients received kidney transplants from ARF donors (ARF group) and 54recipients received kidney trangplants from donors with normal renal function (non-ARF group).There was no significant difference in the incidence of delayed graft function and acute rejection between ARF and non-ARF kidneys (0 vs.1.9%,and 11.5% vs.7.4%,respectively).The ARF group had significantly lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 1st month after transplantation (54.3 ± 16.9 vs.62.5 ± 14.2 mL·min 11.73 m 2,p =0.025),but the eGFRs of two groups were similar at 6th and 12th month after transplantation.During a mean follow-up period of 11.5 months (range 3 to 28 months),actual patient and graft survival rate for both groups were 100%.Conclusion Kidneys from DBD donors with terminal ARF have excellent short-term outcomes and may represent another potential method to safely expand the donor pool.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431245

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the methods and techniques for organ procurement from donation after cardiac death (DCD),and to evaluate post-transplant outcomes.Methods In this retrospective study,clinical data of 26 cases of DCD organ procurements were analyzed through either epigastric multivisceral organ harvesting or solitary organ harvesting.Results Twenty livers,44 kidneys and 2 multivisceral grafts were procured,followed by 24 cases of liver transplantation,42 cases of kidney transplantation,and 2 cases of multivisceral transplantation.The operations were successful and all transplanted organs were satisfactorily recovered with no primary nonfunction or other complications observed.Conclusion Our methods and techniques for organ procurement from DCD donors require experienced surgery skills,while can maximatily shorten donor organ ischemic time,guarantee procurement of high quality of organs and ensure a favourable transplant outcomes.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424171

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the feasibility and efficacy of desensitization protocol for highly sensitized renal transplant patients (HSP). Methods Thirty-five HSPs ( HLA class-Ⅰ panel reactive antibody >50 %), including 27 patients with a positive T and/or B cell cytotoxicity crossmatch (XM) and 8 patients with a negative T and B cell XM, received plasmapheresis plus intravenous immunoglobulin (PP-IVIG)treatment. Results The positive XM was rendered negative by PP-IVIG treatment in 25 of 27 (92.6 %)HSPs, and subsequent transplantation was performed. Two patients did not receive renal transplants due to persistent positive XM. In 25 patients receiving renal transplants, no hyperacute rejection occurred. There were 8 cases of acute rejection, including 5 cases of acute humoral rejection (AHR). All rejection episodes were reversed. During a follow-up period of 52 ± 26 months, the serum creatinine levels at 12th and 24th month were 112± 18 and 130 ± 38 mol/L respectively. The 1- and 3-year graft survival rate was 96. 0 %and 80. 0 % respectively. Conclusion The desensitization therapy by PP-IVIG is effective for HSP. High rate of AHR is the major defect of this protocol. The short-term graft survival rate after this protocol is acceptable but the long-term survival rate needs to be defined.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402707

ABSTRACT

[Objective]This study was designed to investigate capability of the conditioned media that originated from Renca cells to convert CIM~+ CD25~- T cells into CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells,which can exert immunosuppressive effect on effector T cells in vitro and in vivo.[Methods]The common media were mixed with the conditioned media at different ratios,and fresh enriched CD4~+ CD25~- T cells with MACS were cultured in mixed media for 7 days.At end-point of culture,the cells were collected and detected phenotypes in flow cytometer.Moreover,we detected immunosuppressive effect of converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells on effeetor T cells proliferation in one-way mixed lymphocytes reaction by using CCK-8,and we observed survival time and histology of grafts.The delayed type hypersensitivity was determined 14 days after transplantation.[Results]The mixed media could increase ratio of CD4~+ CD25~+ Foxp3~+ T cells in conditioned media ratio-dependent(P<0.05),compared with control groups,when the mixed media contained no mote than 75% of conditioned media.The converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells significantly suppress proliferation of effector T cells in vitro,and prolong survival time of grafts,which were(29.6±1.4)d in converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells treated groups(P<0.05),compared with that in untreated groups(9.8±0.6 d)or PBS treated groups(10.9±0.6 d).Moreover,delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction were conducted at day 14 after transplantation in the recipients,and the results showed that less pad swelling in the group treated with converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells than other control groups was found,according to measurement of pad swelling.In addition,progressed to complete necrosis of grafts were exhibited in the mice treated with PBS and untreated mice,whereas better healing of grafts and less lymphocytes infiltration were displayed in the mice treated with converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells,which were similar to the mice treated with natural regulatory T cells.[Conclusion]The converted CD4~+ CD25~+ T cells with Renca conditioned media play suppressive role in vitro and in vivo.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-585757

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the polymorphism of urease B gene(ureB) from different Hp strains. Methods:The sequences of ureB gene from 14 different Hp strains were amplified by PCR to analyze PCR-RFLP with HaeⅢ digestion.At the same time,the sequence of ureB gene was analyzed with biochemical software to compare the homology of nucleotide and amino acid sequence and to profile the phylogenetic tree. Results: The results of 1.7 kb ureB gene digested with HaeⅢ showed there were 2-5 band types in 14 different Hp strains and formed five distinct RFLP types.The two reference strains had the same RFLP type as 3 clinical isolates while the other clinical isolates and 3 isolates from animal model belong to 4 different RFLP types respectively.The nucleotide sequences and putative amino acide sequences of Hp ureB were compared.The various ureB sequences had high homologies(more than 96.6% and 98% in nucleotide sequences and amino acide sequences respectively) among 14 Hp strains.Particularly,there was the highest homologies(100%) between CCS9801、CCS9806、M3 and M10.Phylogenetic tree analysis showed that two reference strains and other isolates from clinical patients and Hp-infected mice model were located in two different lineage respectively in phylogenetic tree of nucleotide sequences while there were some variance in phylogenetic tree of amino acide sequences. Conclusion: Hp ureB was high conserved and homologous in the gene level as well as in the protein level.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675629

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epitope of HLA class I specific antibody in the serum of highly sensitized patients (HSP). Methods The specificities and epitopes of HLA class I specific antibody from 54 HSP were monitored continually by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results 90.7 % of HSP had public epitopes of HLA class I antibody. The common public epitopes were 163E, 142 145TTKH, 83R, 71 74AQTD, 127K, 163R, 163L, 41T, 62 66RNTRN and 41 45ASPRT. The public epitopes were stable in the course of continual monitoring, and it could reflect antibody spectrum more accurately than antibody specificity analysis. Conclusion Most HSP produce HLA class I antibodies in a fairly predictable fashion. These antibodies direct against a small number of high frequency public amino acid residues with high immunogenicity. Analysis of public epitopes of HLA antibodies is very useful to predict acceptable mismatches.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-582201

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the recombinant urease B subunit (ureB) of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) and apply it in serological detection of Hp infected patients. Methods Urease B subunit gene was amplified from the complete genome of Helicobacter pylori by PCR, and cloned into the PinPoint TM Xa Ⅲ fusion expression vector, then was sequenced. The protein of urease B subunit was expressed in E.coli JM109 and purified with affinity chromatography. 113 serum samples of peptic ulcer patients were detected by ELISA combined with purified UreB protein. Results DNA sequence analysis showed the nucleic acid sequence homology of ureB gene was 96.44% and the putative amino acid sequence homology was 99.65%. The recombinant UreB protein was composed of 571 amino acid residues and kept original immunologic reaction with corresponding antibody, and its purity was over 90% after affinity chromatography. The results of ELISA associated with recombination UreB antigen showed the sensitivity and specificity was 92%, 98.5%. Conclusion The recombinant UreB protein will be of value for clinical serodiagnosis and epidemiological study of Helicobacter pylori.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-538193

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protocol of tissue matching and anti-rejection therapy in highly sensitized patients (HSP). Method The panel reactive antibody (PRA), human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching and renal transplantation outcomes of 45 HSPs were retrospectively analyzed. Results Hyperacute rejection occurred in 2 patients. Acute rejection occurred in 9 patients and reversed by anti-rejection therapy. One year patient/graft survival rate was 95.6% / 91.1% respectively. Conclusions To avoid specific antibody through HLA matching is the key point for successful renal transplantation of HSP. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) induction therapy combined with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil therapy can decrease the rate of acute rejection and prolong graft survival.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-564812

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of injecting allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) on the cellular immunity in rat in vivo.Methods Bone marrow-derived MSCs were isolated from Wistar rats.The purity of MSCs was identified by morphological examination with microphotography,and the phenotypes were identified with flow cytometry.Twenty SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups.Different concentrations of MSCs(5?106/ml for group A,5?105/ml for group B,and 5?104/ml for group C,respectively) and PBS(for group D) were given to allogeneic SD rats via intravenous infusions.The suppressive effect of MSCs on lymphocytes proliferation in recipient rat was analyzed using mixed lymphocyte cultures(MLR) 10 days after cultivation.At the same time,proportions of CD4+,CD8+ and CD4+CD25+/CD4+ T-lymphocytes in peripheral blood and spleen were analyzed with flow cytometry.Results Proliferation rate of splenic lymphocytes in group A(5?106/ml MSCs,8.58%?0.27%) was markedly lowered compared with that in group D(PBS,24.40%?5.21%,P

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