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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence, biochemical and molecular characteristics, and gene mutation spectrum of neonatal methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) in Shaanxi province.Methods:This study involved 146 152 newborns undergoing neonatal screening for methylmalonic acidemia by tandem mass spectrometry in Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from January 2014 and December 2019. Clinical manifestations and follow-up data of newborns diagnosed with MMA and their acylcarnitine profiles and gene mutations were analyzed. According to whether they had elevated homocysteine or not, these patients were divided into two groups, the complicated group and the isolated MMA group. The control neonates were those excluded from having methylmalonic acid by re-examination. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U test was conducted for statistical analysis. Results:(1) Twenty-one cases of MMA were confirmed with an incidence of 1/6 960, including 11 cases (52.4%) of isolated MMA (isolated MMA group) and 10 (47.6%) complicated by elevated homocysteine (complicated group). Eight patients in the isolated group had symptoms within one month after birth, mainly feeding difficulties, vomiting, drowsiness, poor response and infection, and five died. Patients in the complicated group were all diagnosed before developing typical clinical symptoms, and no developmental abnormalities were reported during follow-up. (2) Blood propionyl carnitine and its ratios to acetylcarnitine and free carnitine in the isolated MMA and complicated groups were higher than those in the control group [ M (min-max), 9.26 (3.70-37.78) μmol/L and 7.27 μmol/L (3.58-13.62 μmol/L) vs 4.51 μmol/L (1.48-8.69 μmol/L), H=23.239; 1.12 (0.32-2.43) and 0.74 (0.36-1.90) vs 0.25 (0.09-0.45), H=47.061; 0.94 (0.12-1.92) and 0.56 (0.18-1.03) vs 0.17 (0.06-0.38), H=36.868; all P<0.001]. The blood methionine level in the complicated group was significantly lower than that in the isolated MMA group [7.64 μmol/L (3.40-19.25 μmol/L) vs 24.22 μmol/L (10.73-56.55 μmol/L), U=3.000, P<0.001]. (3) All 21 patients carried complex heterozygous mutations or homozygous mutations in pathogenic genes, including 15 distinct MMUT mutations and 13 distinct MMACHC mutations. In the isolated MMA group, the most common mutation was c.323G>A (p.Arg108His) in the MMUT gene with a positive rate of 13.6%, and an unreported mutation, c.1676+11A>G, with unidentified clinical significance, was also found. The most common mutations in the complicated group were c.609G>A (p.Trp203Ter) and c.567dupT (p.Ile190fs) in the MMACHC gene, and the positive rates were both 20.0%. Moreover, two unreported variants, c.430-2A>C and c.648_650delAGA (p.216_217delSEinsS), were detected and suspected to be pathogenic. Conclusions:MMA is not uncommon in Shaanxi province. Children with isolated MMA tend to be more severe clinically. The identification of hotspot mutations, including c.609G>A (p.Trp203Ter) and c.567dupT (p.Ile190fs) in MMACHC gene and c.323G>A (p.Arg108His) in MMUT gene, provides a foundation for further genetic screening, counseling, and prenatal diagnosis, and is conducive to reduce the mortality and disability rate of neonatal MMA.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828123

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonic examination is a common method in thyroid examination, and the results are mainly composed of thyroid ultrasound images and text reports. Implementation of cross modal retrieval method of images and text reports can provide great convenience for doctors and patients, but currently there is no retrieval method to correlate thyroid ultrasound images with text reports. This paper proposes a cross-modal method based on the deep learning and improved cross-modal generative adversarial network: ①the weight sharing constraints between the fully connection layers used to construct the public representation space in the original network are changed to cosine similarity constraints, so that the network can better learn the common representation of different modal data; ②the fully connection layer is added before the cross-modal discriminator to merge the full connection layer of image and text in the original network with weight sharing. Semantic regularization is realized on the basis of inheriting the advantages of the original network weight sharing. The experimental results show that the mean average precision of cross modal retrieval method for thyroid ultrasound image and text report in this paper can reach 0.508, which is significantly higher than the traditional cross-modal method, providing a new method for cross-modal retrieval of thyroid ultrasound image and text report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Semantics , Thyroid Gland
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743742

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Ureaplasma urealyticum on the level of DCXR expression and apoptosis in human spermatozoa. Methods 145 cases were in infertile group. Semen routine analysis was referred to the WHO standard method. Western blot was used to detect the level of DCXR expression in spermatozoa. The localization of the protein in human spermatozoa was determined by indirect immunofluorescent staining. The sperm apoptosis was assayed by TUNEL. Analysis the indicators of change before and after treatment with sensitive antibiotics for Uu infection. Results The expression of DCXR protein and the percentage of DCXR-positive rate were lowerin UU positive group than those in UU negative group. The expression of DCXR protein and the percentage of DCXR-positive rate were higher after treatment, than before therapy in Uu positive group (P < 0.05). The sperm apoptosis rate in Uu positive group were higher than those in Uu negative. The sperm apoptosis rate was lower after treatment than before therapy in Uu positive group (P < 0.05). Conclusion Ureaplasma urealyticum infection may affect the level of DCXR protein expression, the percentage of the DCXR-positive rate and sperm apoptosis in human spermatozoa. After effective treatment of Uu infection, the sperm protein DCXR expression and sperm apoptosis would be obviously improved.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758768

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a mosquito-borne, zoonotic flavivirus causing viral encephalitis in humans and reproductive disorder in swine. JEV is prevalent throughout China in human; however, spatiotemporal analysis of JEV in Chinese swine herds has not been reported previously. Herein, we present serological and molecular epidemiological results and estimates of prevalence of JEV infections among swine herds in various regions of China. The results suggest that JEV infections are widespread and genotype I and III strains co-exist in the same regions. Therefore, there is an urgent need to monitor JEV infection status among swine herds in China.


Subject(s)
Asians , China , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese , Encephalitis, Viral , Flavivirus , Genotype , Humans , Molecular Epidemiology , Prevalence , Spatio-Temporal Analysis , Swine
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344194

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic etiology for fetuses featuring intrauterine growth anomalies using array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine fetuses were enrolled in this study. Genomic DNA of the abortive tissues was analyzed with aCGH.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fourteen (28.6%) samples were found with chromosomal aberrations, which included 8 chromosomal aneuploidies and 6 micro-aberrations (4 with known clinical pathogenecity and 2 with unknown clinical significance).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Numerical and structural chromosomal aberrations underlie a significant proportion of fetal growth anomalies. aCGH has provided an effective method for delineating their genetic cause.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Methods , Congenital Abnormalities , Genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1444-1447, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate clinical significance of programmed cell death 5 (PDCD5) protein in serum of pa-tients with lung cancer. METHODS:80 lung cancer inpatients were selected from the First Affiliated Hospital of Shihezi University School of Medicine(hereinafter referred to asour hospital)as lung cancer group;60 healthy volunteers were selected from our hospital at the same period as normal group. ELISA was used to test the expression of PDCD5 protein,and the relationship of PDCD5 protein with clinical pathological features of lung cancer patients were analyzed. RESULTS:The expression of PDCD5 pro-tein in normal group was significantly higher than lung cancer group,with statistical significance (P0.05);it was de-creased as the decrease of tumor differentiation degree,with statistical significance(P<0.05). The expression of PDCD5 protein in patients with carcinoembryonic antigen(CEA)<5.6μmol/L was significantly higher than those with CEA≥5.6μmol/L;the expres-sion of PDCD5 protein in patients with cytokeratin 19 soluble fragment (CYFRA21-1)<5.6 μmol/L was significantly higher than those with CYFRA21-1≥5.6 μmol/L,with statistical significance(P<0.05). The expression of PDCD5 protein in patients with Ⅰ-Ⅱ stage lung cancer was significantly higher than Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage lung cancer patients;the expression of PDCD5 protein in patients without distant metastasis was significantly higher than those with distant metastasis. The expression of PDCD5 protein was in de-creasing as the increase of the number of metastasis site,with statistical significance(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:PDCD5 protein in serum of patients with lung cancer shows low expression level,which is related to tumor differentiation degree,tumor marker level as CEA and CYFRA21-1,tumor stage and distant metastasis,etc. The detection of PDCD5 protein may contribute to clinical diagnosis of lung cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509063

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of P34H gene silencing on the expression of P34H and activity of hyaluronidase (HYD) in mouse sperm.METHODS:The recombinant plasmid series of P34H targeted short hairpin RNA (shRNA) were constructed by GV248 plasmids vector.These recombinant plasmids were transformed into DH 5αcompetent cells, and the plasmids were taken from DNA sequencing analysis .The HEK293T cells were co-transfected with shRNA and lentiviral packaging plasmids .The 3 kinds of recombinant lentiviruses and negative control lentiviruses were used to in -ject into the mouse epididymis and the expression of P 34H at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blot, respectively.The location of P34H protein on the mouse spermatozoa was determined by indirect immunofluo-rescent staining using P34H antibody.The positive rate and activity intensity of HYD was detected by modified sodium hya-luronate-gelatin membrane.RESULTS:DNA sequencing analysis confirmed that the 3 P34H-shRNA sequences were suc-cessfully inserted into the lentiviral vectors .P34H expression in epididymis tissue was significantly decreased at both mR-NA and protein levels compared with those of the non-transfected and normal control vectors (P<0.05).The GV-P34H-shRNA-1 played a significant role in reducing the percentage of P 34H positive rate and the activity of HYD in mouse sperm.The silencing effect did not significantly differ between the non-transfected and normal control vectors .CONCLU-SION:Silencing of P34H significantly inhibits the percentage of P 34H positive rate and the activity of hyaluronidase in mouse sperm.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507309

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe efficacy of different acupuncture and moxibustion methods for treatment of nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. Methods One hundred and sixty-three cases were randomly divided into electroacupuncture group (42 cases), warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group (37 cases), ginger moxibustion group (44 cases) and control group (40 cases). All groups received postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Three acupuncture and moxibustion groups received electroacupuncture, warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture, ginger moxibustion to stimulate bilateral Zusanli (ST36), Neiguan (PC6), respectively, once a day. The control group was given tropisetron hydrochloride 5 mg+normal saline 100 mL, 30 min before chemotherapy intravenously, once a day to the end of chemotherapy. The number and degree of vomiting and the serum 5-HT content were tested, and the safety test was conducted. Results The complete control rate and effective control rate of acute vomiting of electroacupuncture group and warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group were higher than those of ginger moxibustion group and control group (P<0.05). The complete control rate of delayed vomiting in warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group was significantly higher than that of electroacupuncture group, ginger moxibustion group and control group (P<0.05); The effective control rate was higher than that of ginger moxibustion group and control group (P<0.05); Electroacupuncture group and Ginger moxibustion group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The scores of acute vomiting in electroacupuncture group and warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group were lower than others (P<0.05). In delayed vomiting, warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group's score was lower than other groups, with statistical significance (P<0.05); Electroacupuncture group and ginger moxibustion group were lower than that incontrol groups, with statistical significance (P<0.05). The levels of serum 5-HT in electroacupuncture group and ginger moxibustion group were higher than warm acupuncture combined with electroacupuncture group (P<0.05), but lower than the control group (P<0.05). No obvious adverse reactions were found in each group. Conclusion Different acupuncture methods had different clinical effects on acute vomiting and delayed vomiting caused by chemotherapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of target fire red-hot needling in treating articular deformity due to rheumatoid arthritis.Methods Ninety-six rheumatoid arthritis patients with articular swelling and deformity were randomly allocated to treatment and control groups, 48 cases each. The treatment group received target scattered fire red-hot needling and the control group, conventional acupuncture. After two courses of treatment, pre-/post-treatment changes in the self-reported pain score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and immunoglobulins (IgA, IgG and IgM) were observed in the two groups and the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups. Results The total efficacy rate was 89.6% in the treatment group and 50.0% in the control group; there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P<0.01). There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in ESR, CRP, IgA, IgG and IgM in the treatment groups (P<0.05). There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in ESR, CRP, and IgG in the treatment groups (P<0.05). There were statistically significant post-treatment differences in ESR, CRP, IgA, IgG and IgM in the treatment and control groups (P<0.05).Conclusion Target fire red-hot needling is an effective way to treat articular deformity due to rheumatoid arthritis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-491519

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of subchronic arsenic exposure on caspase-3 expression in Leydig cells and serum testosterone level in rats. Methods Forty SD rats were divided into four groups based on body mass (160-220 g) by random number table, 10 in each group and treated with As2O3 through drinking water at the doses of 0.0 (distilled water), 2.0, 12.0 and 60.0 mg/L for 14 weeks. Blood sample from heart was collected, serum testosterone was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the testicular tissue of rats was taken, the expression of caspase-3 was assayed by immunohistochemical staining, and its average gray value was analyzed with image analysis software (Biomias). Results There were statistically significant differences of the serum testosterone levels between groups (F= 37.99, all P< 0.05). Compared with the control group [(3.082 3 ± 0.653 0) ng/L], serum testosterone levels in middle-dose and high-dose groups [(1.694 6 ± 0.255 4), (1.350 5 ± 0.281 9)ng/L] were significantly lower (all P< 0.05). The numbers of positive cells of caspase-3 were 8.10 ± 1.91, 9.80 ± 2.15,10.00 ± 1.83 and 10.90 ± 2.38 in each vision in the 4 groups, there were statistically significant differences between groups (F=3.17, all P<0.05), compared with the control group , the middle-dose and high-dose groups were significantly higher (all P<0.05);the average gray values of caspase-3 were 135.10 ± 6.89, 130.00 ± 3.30, 117.10 ± 4.28, and 113.10 ± 5.38, there were statistically significant differences between groups (F = 41.09, P < 0.05), compared with the control group, the middle-and high-dose groups were decreased (all P<0.05). Conclusions One possible mechanism of As2O3 on male germ cell toxicity may be through up-regulation of the expression of caspase-3 in Leydig cells of SD rats and initiating the pathway of the apoptosis signal, which can lead to increased apoptosis of Leydig cells, decreased concentrations of testosterone, and damaged reproductive function in rats.

11.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015; 31 (2): 280-284
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-168001

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical significance of COX-2, GLUT-1 and VEGF expressions in endometrial cancer tissues. One hundred and eight tissue samples from the patients with endometrial cancer enrolled in our hospital from August 2011 to July 2014 were selected, including 60 normal tissue samples [normal group], 60 neoplastic tissue samples [neoplastic group] and 60 cancer tissue samples [cancer group]. All the samples were subjected to immunohistochemical assay to detect the expressions of COX-2, GLUT-1 and VEGF. The clinical data were also investigated for correlation analysis. The positive rates of COX-2 in normal group, neoplastic group and cancer groups were 3.3%, 21.7% and 55.0% respectively. The positive rates of GLUT-1 in normal group, neoplastic group and cancer groups were 3.3%, 25.0% and 70.0% respectively. The positive rates of VEGF in normal group, neoplastic group and cancer groups were 1.7%, 23.3% and 63.3% respectively. With increasing stage of such cancer, decreasing degree of differentiation and lymphatic metastasis, the positive expression rates of COX-2, GLUT-1 and VEGF proteins were raised significantly [P<0.05]. Spearman's correlation analysis showed that the expressions of COX-2 and GLUT-1 [r=0.207, P<0.05], COX-2 and VEGF [r=0.243, P<0.05], as well as GLUT-1 and VEGF [r=0.758, P<0.05] were positively correlated. COX-2, GLUT-1 and VEGF were highly prominent in endometrial cancer, especially in the patients with low degree of differentiation, late stage and metastasis. They functioned synergistically in the onset and progression of this cancer


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Glucose Transporter Type 1 , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254505

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feature of phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene mutations and provide guidance for genetic and prenatal diagnosis of patients with phenylketonuria from Shaanxi.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For 55 patients whose blood Phe concentration was over 2.0 mg/dL, potential mutations in 13 exons and flanking sequences of the PAH gene were detected by PCR and DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 98 mutations were detected in 110 PAH alleles, with the detection rate being 89.10%. Nine mutations have been identified in exon 7, which accounted for 33.67% of all. Exon 12 (14.29%) and exon 3 (12.24%) have followed. Thirty eight mutations, locating in exon2-exon12 and the flanking sequence, were detected in the 55 PKU patients. p.R243Q (24.49%) was the commonest mutation, whilstp.A47E, p.I65S and p.A259T were first discovered in China. After querying international databases including PAHdb and HGMD, the p.C334X was verified as the novel PAH gene mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The mutation spectrum of the PAH gene in Shaanxi has been identified. And a novel mutation has been identified. This may facilitate the diagnosis of PKU in the future.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Base Sequence , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mutation , Phenylalanine Hydroxylase , Blood , Genetics , Phenylketonurias , Genetics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321660

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between blood pressure variability and worsening functional outcomes of patients upon discharge from the hospitals.Methods The study cohort consisted of 404 patients who presented to Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University with ischemic stroke during March 2012-March 2013.Systolic BP and diastolic BP were measured for each patient from admission to the fifth day and coefficient of variation blood pressure calculated.Disability at discharge was measured by the modified Rankin score(mRs).Chi-square test,t-test and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed.Results After adjustment for potential confounding factors including age,sex,activity,smoking,alcohol intake,BMI,heart rate,hypertension,diabetes mellitus,stroke history,lipid parameters,homocysteine and FPG,results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that when DBP variability was greater than 9,it was associated with a significantly worse functional outcome at hospital discharge compared with those less than 9,with the odds ratio as 1.70(95%CI:1.02-2.84).When comparing the ones that DBP variability more than 10 with the ones less than 10,the odds ratio was 1.86 (95%CI:1.11-3.13).However,there was no significant association seen between SBP variability and the worse functional outcome at hospital discharge.Conclusion Blood pressure variability might be associated with ischemic stroke outcome at hospital discharge but needed more evidence to approve.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 299-303, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731553

ABSTRACT

Objective Toevaluateefficacyandsafetyoftwodifferentbiologicalsinimmunologic inductiontherapyonrenaltransplantrecipients.Methods Clinicaldataof78renaltransplantrecipientswho received biological immunologic induction therapy in Department of Urology of the 452nd Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army from June 2008 to April 2013,were retrospectively analyzed. According to different biological immunologic induction therapy,the recipients were divided into two groups,monoclonal antibody group (group A,n=35,received treatment of basiliximab)and polyclonal antibody group [group B,n=43, received treatment of antithymocyte globulin (ATG)]. And the other recipients who didn't receive immunologic induction therapy in the hospital during the corresponding period were chosen as control group (group C,n=32). The survival rates of recipient and kidney in 3 groups at 12th weeks after transplantation were analyzed.The levels of serum creatinine (Scr)of recipients in 3 groups were monitored at 7,14,30,60 d after transplantation. The occurrence rates of complications including acute rejection,delayed graft function and infectionwerecomparedamong3groups.Results At12thweeksaftertransplantation,thesurvivalratesof recipient and kidney in 3 groups were 100% and 100% in group A,97.7% and 97.7% in group B,100%and 96.9% in group C. There was no significant difference among 3 groups (all in P>0.05 ). Compared with group C,the Scr levels in group A and B decreased significantly at 7,14 d after transplantation (all in P<0.05 ). Compared with group C,the incidence rates of acute rejection decreased in group A and B(all in P<0.05 ). There was no significant difference in the incidence rates of delayed graft function among 3 groups (all in P>0.05 ). The incidence rate of infection in group B was significantly higher than those in group A and C (allinP<0.05).Conclusions Immunologicinductiontherapyissafeandeffectiveintheapplicationon renal transplant recipients.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444120

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of sub-chronic arsenic poisoning on hyaluronidase activity of rat sperm.Methods Forty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats in cleanliness grade,weighing 100-200 g,were randomly divided into four groups:control group,low-dose,middle-dose and high-dose arsenic exposure groups,10 in each group,and allotted to cages.Rats of arsenic groups were exposed to arsenic through drinking water (As2O3 was dissolved in distilled water).The concentrations of As2O3 in low-dose,middle-dose and high-dose groups were 25,50,and 100 mg/L,respectively.Body weight of each rat was weighed once a week.The rats in control group drank distilled water freely.All rats were fed for three months.After the experiment,all rats were killed and their sperms were collected.The positive rates and hyaluronidase activity intensities of the sperms in different groups were examined by the mature improved fixed-substrate film method.Results The positive rate of sperm hyaluronidase in control,low-dose,middle-dose and high-dose groups were (90.8 ± 13.2)%,(79.1 ± 15.6)%,(59.7 ± 20.3)% and (33.8 ± 14.5)%,respectively.Compared with the control group,the positive rates of the middledose and the high-dose groups were significantly reduced(all P < 0.05).The activity intensities of hyaluronidase in the sperms in control,low-dose,middle-dose and high-dose groups were (45.1 ± 24.0),(31.1 ± 21.3),(19.4 ± 15.3) and (9.8 ± 3.1)μm,respectively.Compared with the control group,the activity intensities of hyaluronidase of the middle-dose and the high-dose groups were significantly reduced(all P < 0.05).Conclusion Sub-chronic arsenic poisoning reduces the activity intensities and positive rates of sperm hyaluronidase of rat,resulting in reduced sperm fertilizing capacity.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444119

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of chronic arsenic poisoning on serum inhibin-B (INH-B) and testosterone of male rats.Methods Forty Sprague-Dawley rats in cleanliness grad were randomly divided into four groups according to body weight:high-dose,middle-dose,low-dose arsenic exposure groups and control group,10 animals in each group.Rats in high-dose,middle-dose,and low-dose groups were administered with arsenic in concentrations of 10.0,5.0,2.5,0.0 mg/kg in distilled water,respectively.Rats in control group were fed with distilled water freely.After 9 months,serum INH-B and testosterone were tested using an ELISA Kit.Results Serum INH-B and testosterone levels in the above mentioned four groups,respectively,were (66.31 ± 37.21),(75.13 ± 29.88),(119.02 ± 36.10),(133.04 ± 38.67)ng/L and (1.292 ± 0.715),(1.757 ± 0.649),(2.359 ± 0.675),(2.817 ± 0.890)μg/L,and the differences between different groups were statistically significant (F=84.88,8.214,all P < 0.05).Serum INH-B and testosterone levels in high-dose and middle-dose groups were significantly lower than that of control group(all P< 0.05),whereas no significant difference was found between low-dose group and control group (all P > 0.05).Conclusion Chronic arsenic poisoning has led to decreased concentration of serum INH-B and testosterone in male rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-456201

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:At present, biological agent-involved immunologic induction therapy gradual y became a key component in immunosuppression therapy of kidney transplantation. It can effectively prevent acute rejection and avoid the appearance of complications. OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the effect of different biological agents on immune state and functional status of transplanted kidney in immunologic induction therapy. METHODS:Clinical data of 110 recipients with kidney transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. In accordance with the conditions of immunologic induction therapy, recipients in the monoclonal antibody group (n=35) received basiliximab. Recipients in the polyclonal antibody group (n=43) underwent rabbit anti-human antithymocyteglobulin. Recipients in the control group (n=32) did not receive immunologic induction therapy. Absolute value of lymphocytes and the number of CD4+T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood were comparatively analyzed among three groups at 1, 4 and 12 weeks after kidney transplantation. Functional status of the transplanted kidney and complications of infection were evaluated at 12 weeks after transplantation.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The incidence of acute rejection was lower in the monoclonal antibody group and polyclonal antibody group than in the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of infectious complications was higher in the polyclonal antibody group than in the monoclonal antibody group and control group (P<0.05). The absolute value of lymphocytes was lower in the monoclonal antibody group and polyclonal antibody group at 1, 4 and 12 weeks after transplantation than in the control group (P<0.05). The number of CD4+T lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood was lower in the polyclonal antibody group than in the monoclonal antibody group and control group at 1, 4 and 12 weeks after transplantation (P<0.05). These results suggested that biological agents participate in immunologic induction therapy of kidney transplantation, can effectively suppress the functional status of activated T lymphocytes, and decrease the occurrence of early acute rejection of the transplanted kidney. However, the incidence of infectious complications was higher after the use of rabbit anti-human antithymocyteglobulin.

18.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2570-2572, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455249

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation with clinical features of baselines as well as serum CEA level in patients with recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods A total of 54 patients with first recurrence of advanced lung cancer who had received chemotherapy were included in this study. ADx-ARMS was performed to detect EGFR gene mutations in surgical specimens taken from the primary tumor. Serum CEA level was measured by the electrochemical luminescence method. Results The mutation rate of EGFR was significantly higher in females than in males (χ2= 11.868, P =0.006), with a total mutation rate of 60.8%in 106 patients. The rate was higher in adenocarcinoma than in other histological types(χ2=6.002,P=0.014), and significantly higher in non-smokers than in smokers (χ2= 8.502,P=0.004) and in the patients with serum CEA level over or equal to 5.0 ng/mL than those with CEA level less than 5.0 ng/mL (χ2=22.543,P=0.000). A multivariate analysis revealed that a higher serum CEA level at the time of disease recurrence was associated with EGFR gene mutations (P = 0.002). Conculsions Serum CEA level is closely associated with the presence of EGFR gene mutations in patients with first recurrence of advanced NSCLC. A higher serum CEA level at the time of disease recurrence is independently associated with EGFR gene mutations. CEA level can be used as a potential indicator to determine EGFR mutation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263927

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the physical and behavioral, microscopic and chemical characteristic traits of Brassica rapa, and supply scientific bases for establishing its quality control standard.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Microscopic identification method was adopted to observe the microscopic characters of ten batches crude drugs, the contents of water, impurity, total ash, insoluble acid ash and extractives were detected based on Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2010) , and the oil constituents were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The microscopic traits were cotyledon, palisade cells, non-glandular hairs and inner endosperm, while the palisade cells, cotyledon cells and non-glandular hairs existed in its powders. The results confirmed the contents of water, impurity, total ash and insoluble acid ash should be fewer than 6%, 4.5%, 6%, 0.7%, while the content of extractives should exceed 11%. The main oil compounds in it were erucic acid, oleic acid and gamma-sitosterol through the GC-MS analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The experimental methods were accurate and reliable, and the indexes and parameters may be thought as the quality standards for B. rapa.</p>


Subject(s)
Brassica rapa , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Quality Control , Seeds , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402261

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: the development of magnetic separation technique,it is feasibility to in vitro sort and amplify CD4+CD25+Treg cells for transplantation; however,the application dosage and immune tolerance have been less reported yet.OBJECTIVE: To investigate dose-effect relationship of CD4+CD25+Treg cells during allograft transplantation.METHODS: SD rats which were considered as the donors and Wistar rats as receptors were used to establish allograff kidney transplantation models.CD4+CD25+Treg cells were separated from splenic cells of Wistar rats and induced phenotype of donor antigenic specificity in vitro.According to the quantities of CD4+CD25+Treg cells injecting through tail vein during the operation of allograft kidney transplantation,models were rolled into four experiment groups: group 1(2×105),group 2(5×105),group 3(1×106),and group 4(2×106).The models out injection were considered as controls.Survival status of kidney was detected at day 15 postoperatively; creatinine level and pathological changes were detected at days 4,9 and 15 according to Banff Schema diagnostic standard; semi-quantitative scores were measured Watanabe technique.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The death rate was the highest in control group(83.3%),and then group 1(66.7%),group 4(58.3%),and group 2(33.3%); but rats in the group 3 were all survival.Creatinine level in experimental groups was significantly less than control group at days 4,9,and 15 postoperatively(P<0.05,P<0.01); the creatinine levels in the group1 and group 2 were significantly greater than in the group 3 and group 4 at days 9 and 15 postoperatively(P<0.05),Semi-quantitative scores demonstrated that there was no significant difference between group 2 and group 1; but the scores in the group 3 and group 4 were significantly greater than control group(P < 0.05).The results indicated that CD4+CD25+Treg cells could improve kidney function following transplantation,and prolong survival time of transplanted kidney.The 1×106 was the best dosaae for application.

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