Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 16 de 16
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 226-228, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884167

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed in multi-line treatments, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of a patient with refractory Her-2 positive breast cancer.The patient was initially diagnosed as Her-2 positive advanced breast cancer.After six line treatment in the outer hospital, the patient′s condition was basically in a progressive state.The breast tumor was broken and purulent, the lung metastasis increased, and the patient′s quality of life was poor.The patient was admitted to Department of Breast Surgery of Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, after MDT discussion, we gave pyrrolotinib combined with capecitabine treatment, the chest wound healed gradually, the lung metastasis gradually reduced, and the quality of life was better.A retrospective analysis of this case showed that pyrrolidine combined with capecitabine may bring hope to Her-2 positive breast cancer patients who failed to receive multi-line therapies, especially those who failed to target therapy.

2.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 524-527, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706722

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of paclitaxel or docetaxel combined with cisplatin (TP) with cyclophosphamide,pirirubicin and fluorouracil (FAC) in the primary tumor molecular typing Luminal A,axillary lymph node metastasis three negative breast cancer. Methods From January 2012 to January 2014, the clinical data of forty-nine patients with were selected. All patients were divided into two groups by balance randomization method, TP group and FAC group. Twenty-five patients were treated with TP regimen and 24 patients were treated with FAC regimen. The clinical efficacy was evaluated after six cycles of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy effects,adverse reactions and survival rates of two groups were compared. Results All patients were given intravenous chemotherapy according to the plan and were evaluated for clinical efficacy. The response rate (RR) was 64. 0% in TP group,including 4 cases of complete remission (CR),12 cases of partial remission (PR),7 cases of stable disease(SD) and 2 cases of progressive disease(PD). The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions and granulocytopenia. The median progression-free survival ( PFS) and overall survival ( OS) were respectively 12. 4 months and 34. 1 months. In FAC group,the response rate ( RR) was 33. 3%,including 2 cases of CR,6 cases of PR,11 cases of SD and 5 cases of PD. The adverse reactions were gastrointestinal reactions,granulocytopenia and premature atrial contraction. The median PFS and OS were 7. 2 months and 20. 7 months respectively. The effective rate of TP group was higher than that of FAC group (χ2=4. 608,P=0. 032),and the progression-free survival time and total survival time were longer than those of FAC group (χ2 =8. 317, 8. 563, P=0. 004, 0. 003 ) . Conclusion Compared to FAC regimen, TP regimen could improve the survival rate of patients better with breast cancer of Primary tumor Luminal A and Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis Triple negative type, and adverse reactions were tolerated, it may be an optimized chemotherapy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695454

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of gefitinib plus capecitabine in treatment of recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer.Methods From Jan.2011 to Jun.,41 patients who have recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer after treated by adjuvant chemotherapy were enrolled in this study They were divided into two groups according to their wishes.The 24 cases in the experimental group were treated with gefitinib plus capecitabine.The 17 cases in the control group were treated with capecitabine.The two groups were followed up for 12 months.They were treated until the disease progression or the toxicity could not be tolerated.Results The objective response rate (ORR) in the experimental group and the control group was 70.83%(17/24) vs 35.29%(6/17).The disease control rate (DCR) in the two groups was 91.67% (22/24) vs 64.71% (11/17).The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).The incidence rate of adverse drug reactions in the two groups was similar (P>0.05),and the reactions were tolerable.Conclusion Gefitinib plus capecitabine is an effective and safe treatment for recurrent and metastatic triple negative breast cancer with tolerable adverse reactions,and some patients were able to survive for more than 12 months.

4.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 778-781, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607752

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of HR and Her?2 in breast cancer primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Methods Four hundred and twenty?eight female patients with unilateral breast cancer combined with axillary lymph node metastasis treated in the Affiliated Suqian Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2011 to January 2016 were selected in this study. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. Results The positive rates of ER expression were 75. 9% ( 325/428 ) and 70. 3% ( 301/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The positive rates of PR expression were 61. 4% ( 263/428) and 56. 1% ( 240/428 ) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The rates of Her?2 overexpression were 20. 1% ( 86/428) in primary tumor and the positive rate of Her?2 in axillary lymph node metastasis was 22. 7%( 97/428 ) . The positive rates of Ki67 expression were 45. 6%( 195/428 ) and 39. 7%(170/428) respectively in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis. The expression of ER,PR,Her?2 and Ki67 in primary and axillary lymph node metastasis showed no statistical significance ( P>0. 05 ) . The molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis were not consistent in 31 patients ( 31/428,7. 24%) ,including 14 cases of primary tumor Luminal A,9 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 5 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Luminal B was detected in 10 cases, while 6 cases of Her?2 overexpression in axillary lymph node metastasis and 4 cases of triple negative breast cancer. Primary tumor Her?2 was overexpressed in 4 cases,while 1 case of Luminal A,3 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis. There were 3 cases of primary tumor triple negative breast cancer,while 2 cases of Luminal B in axillary lymph node metastasis and 1 case of Her?2 overexpression. Conclusion The expressions of ER, PR, Her?2 and Ki67 in primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of some breast cancer were different. Immunohistochemistry for primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis of stage II?III breast cancer patients should be routinely carried out. Based on molecular typing of primary tumor and axillary lymph node metastasis,individualized treatment plan can be developed,so that patients will benefit from it.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500106

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the method and clinical value of preservation of intercostobrachial nerve( ICBN) by fat dissolving meth-od during breast cancer operation. Methods The clinical data of 50 cases withⅠ~Ⅲa stage breast cancer from January 2013 to June 2013 were analyzed. Fifty patients were randomly divided into two groups,there were 26 patients in preservation group,whose ICBN were preserved by fat dissolving method during axillary lymph nodes dissection,and 24 patients in resection group,whose ICBN were not preserved by routine method during axillary lymph nodes dissection. Comparison of operation times,bleeding volume,the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection and upper arm sensory function of patients after operation between both groups was done. Results The mean time of operation was (102. 3 ± 15. 6) min in preservation group and(95. 6 ± 12. 4) min in resection group,while the number of axillary lymph nodes dissection was (19. 5 ± 8. 8 ) in preservation group and ( 19. 2 ± 9. 5 ) in resection group, with no significant difference between both groups (P>0. 05). Bleeding volume was (51. 2 ± 11. 5)mL in preservation group and (98. 5 ± 13. 4)mL in resection group,with significant differ-ences(P<0. 05). After postoperative one month,we observed upper arm sensory function of patients. It showed that 3 cases of sensory numb-ness or pain occurred in preservation group (11. 5%),20 cases of sensory abnormality occurred in resection group (83. 3%),mainly as sen-sory loss,numbness,pain or burning sensation,there was significant difference between both groups (P<0. 05). All patients were followed up half a year,patients with sensory abnormality in preservation group recovered,and recovery in resection group was not obvious,it still showed sensory abnormality in varying degrees. During the follow-up,no local recurrence or distant metastasis was found in both groups. Conclusion Preserving intercostobrachial nerve by fat dissolving method in breast cancer operation is based on conventional operation and made a few of improvements. It is simple and feasible. During the operation,we find that the axillary neurovascular is clearer,preservation of ICBN is easier. It does not affect the axillary lymph node dissection and operation time,while it can reduce incidence of postoperative sensory abnormality and improve the quality of life of patients,therefore it is worthy of clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434272

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the resource diversity and microbial inhibition activity of endophytic fungi from medicinal plant Plantago asiatica L. The endophytic fungi were isolated from the root, stem and leaf of the host by tissue inoculation culture and five plant pathogenic fungi and four bacteria strains used as indicating microbes to test microbial inhibition activity by agar plate antagonistic action and modified agar gel diffusion methods. The results indicated that thirteen fungal endophytic strains were isolated from the host. Most of them came from stem, then leaf, and root as the least in number. The isolated strains attribute to five genera, two fam-ilies, and two orders based on morphological characteristics. For the isolated strains, eleven of them were found to have some microbial inhibition activities against one or more indicating fungi, making up 84.6% of the total iso-lates. Six isolated strains had some antimicrobial activities against one or more indicating bacteria, amounting to 46.2% of the total isolates. Three isolated active strains, which are PAEFS001, PAEFS007 and PAEFS008, ex-hibited evident inhibition activities against five kinds of pathogenic fungi used in the trials respectively. The strain of PAEFS001 ascribed to Ozonium sp. Both strains of PAEFS007 and PAEFS008 ascribed to Aspergillus sp. One active strain of PAEFS003 showed evident antibacterial activities to Bacillus subtilis and Staphyloccus aureus, which belonged to Fusidium sp. The endophytic fungi from medicinal plant Plantago asiatica L. have evident an-timicrobial activities. Their inhibition activities against pathogenic fungi have relatively broad spectrum. And their inhibition activities to both Bacillus subtilis and Staphyloccus aureus as G+ are evident and have certain selectivi-ty. It is feasible to find new bioactive compounds associated with endophytic fungi from Plantago asiatica L. Fur-ther research and development of the endophyic fungi will be important for the integrated utilization of the host.

7.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 60-62, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417810

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the diagnosis and surgical treatment techniques for the patients with primary presacral tumor.Methods Data from 31 patients with primary presacral tumor admitted into our Department for Surgery from Jan. 1999 to Jar. 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients underwent surgical treatment,among them,10 received per-sacroiliac or per-perineum approaches to remove the tumors,18 receivedper-abdomentumorectomy, and3receivedcombinedper-peritoneumandper-perineum tumorectomy.Results Patients visited the doctor while exhibiting the compression symptoms by the the tumors.Final diagnosis could be reached with the help of rectal touch,B-mode ultrasound,computerized tomography,or magnetic resonance imaging.Complete resection was performed in 28 patients.Partial resection was performed in 3 patients.Fractionated resection was successfully performed in 2 patients with chronic infection or sinus tract.ConclusionThe primary presacral tumor should be surgically resected once final diagnosised and without surgical contraindications.Pelvic plexus should be preserved and presacral hemorrhage should be prevented.The tumor should be resected as complete as possible.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622005

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the reasons and prevention of the hoarse voice after continuity-intact recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN)operation without damage of RLN under naked eyes.Methods Data of 1871 patients undergoing thyroid surgery from Jan.2001 to Jan.2011 were retrospectly analyzed.919 patients had their RLN exposed,among whom 757 patients had bilateral RLN exposed.952 patients didn't have their RLN exposed in the surgery.Results A total of 1676 RLNs were exposed by the routine method and minimally invasive method.All the nerves were confirmed no damage and continuity intact under naked eyes.Hoarse voice occurred to 19patients after surgery,with the percentage of 2.12% (19/897).The rate of hoarse voice in the non-exposed group was 5.46% (52/952).The difference of horse voice between the RLN exposed group and non-exposed group had statistical significance(P < 0.05).Conclusions RLN without damage under naked eyes and continuity intact doesn't mean no damage of electroneurophysiology.The rate of RLN damage in the exposed group was less than that in the non-exposed group.The major causes of hoarse voice may include misoperation,heat conduction and postoperative scar adhesion.The key to avoid RLN damage is prevention.

9.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 334-337, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472492

ABSTRACT

Objective For further improving the prognosis of childhood acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) in China,the treatment efficacies, outcomes and costs of protocols for childhood APL between in developed countries and in our hospital were compared. Methods 30 cases aged <15 years were diagnosed according to the FAB classification and detection of PML-RARα rearrangement. From December 1999 to September 2004,sixteen eligible children were treated with an intensive in-house protocol including high-dose Ara-C and anthracycline for post remission treatment. From September 2004 to January 2008,14 cases enrolled were treated with a less intensive protocol modified from the PETHEMA LPA99. Results The 3.5 years EFS was 37.5 % (s-x=0.121) for total 16 patients on in-house protocol. Six patients (37.5 %) abandoned treatment,2 died of intracranial hemorrhage at diagnosis (6.3 %) and sepsis in remission (6.3 %),respectively,and 2 relapsed (12.5 %). The 14 cases treated with modified PETHEMA had a 3.5 years EFS of 79.6 % (s-x=0.136). One died of intracranial hemorrhage at diagnosis (7.1 %) and 1 relapsed (7.1 %). Patients on modified PETHEMA had a significantly higher EFS (P=0.012),lower frequency of sepsis during treatment (7.7 % vs 77.8 %; P=0.0015) and lower hospitalization cost (median,RMB 35 200 vs 150 000; P <0.0001) than those on in-house protocol. Conclusion Treatment with the less intensive protocol based on the PETHEMA LPA99 study for childhood APL successively reduced complication of chemotherapy and reduced hospitalization cost without increasing relapses, which led to decreases in treatment-related toxicity and treatment abandonment rate,thus improving overall outcome.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413708

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients whose estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor(PR) was preoperatively negative and turned positive after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods The clinical experimental study was carried out in 97 cases of breast cancer which were divided into endocrine treatment group and control group. The follow-up time ranged from 15 to 60 months. Results In endocrine treatment group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 74.5% (38/51), 60.7% (31/51), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were respectively 80%(41/51), 74. 5% (38/51). In control group, 3 and 5-year disease-free survival were respectively 54.2% (26/46), 41.7%(20/46), and 3 and 5-year overall survival were 60.9%(28/46),50%(23/46),respectively. The corresponding values were significantly higher in endocrine treatment group than in control group(P<0.05).Conclusions Remedy endocrine therapy improves the disease-free and overall survival rate in breast cancer patients with the expression of ER and PR turning positive after initial neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

11.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 761-764, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388322

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis ( IPH),and to evaluate the efficacy of maintenance therapy with dose-adjusted 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) in IPH children. Methods The diagnosis of IPH was confirmed by in-patient examination and at least 1 year follow-up to exclude secondary causes of pulmonary hemorrhage. Fifteen children met the criteria of IPH and were enrolled. The age at diagnosis was 2-13 years ( median 7 years). Prednisone was administered at 2 mg/( kg·d) for 4 weeks in acute phase of the disease followed by taper. 6MP was also started at 60 mg/( m2·d) simultaneously and continued for 3 years. Results The diagnosis was delayed in most children, which was due to the lack of initial classical manifestation of the disease. The time between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis ranged from 2 weeks to 108 months ( median 8 months) . All the patients exhibited response to the initial treatment and prednisone was successfully tapered off. Only 1 of 8 patients with relative leucopenia (3 × 109/L -6 × 109/L) on 6MP maintenance recurred while 5 of 7 others recurred (P < 0. 05) during median 6-year (range 2. 5 - 9. 5 years) follow-up. Of the latter 5 patients who recurred,4 remained recurrence-free after adjusting the dose of 6MP upwards to keep relative leucopenia. Conclusions Diagnostic delayed is still a main problem in pediatric IPH. Most IPH children in our group tolerated maintenance treatment with 6MP and achieved long-term remission, and these suggested growth retardation on long-term steroids therapy could be avoided. Because of interindividual difference in 6MP metabolism, adjusting the dose of 6MP may be necessary for treatment of IPH children and avoid under-treatment or overtreatment in some children,and thus improve the prognosis. White blood count could be a simple and useful indicator to predict clinical response in most IPH children on 6MP.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392965

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and safety of transabdominal perposterior mediastinum radical operation in the treatment of cardiac carcinoma. Methods Twenty-six cases of cardiac carcinoma invading low esophagus underwent transabdominal posterior mediastinum radical resection. Among them 9 patients received radical proximal gastroesophagectomy, and 17 cases did radical total gastroesophagectomy. Results The procedures were all successful. The mean operation time for total gastrectomy was (189±39) min, proximal subtotal gastrectomy was (153±35) min. The averge blood loss of total gastrectomy was (200±80) ml, proximal subtotal gastrectomy was (168±76) ml. The harvest of celiac lymph nodes were (23.3±7.3), esophageal lymph nodes were (4.1±2.0). Pneumonia was complicated in 4 cases and there was no anastomotic hemorrhage, leakage nor stenosis. All patients were followed up from 5 to 51 months, liver metastasis was found in 4 cases, lung metastasis in 2 patients and death in 1. There was no anastomotic stoma tumor recurrence. Conclusion It was feasible and safe to perform transabdominal perposterior mediastinum radical operation for cardiac carcinoma patients, provided that diaphragms was not involved and tumor invaded esophageal length was less than 5 cm.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622100

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant endocrine therapy on expression and significance of ER, PR, C-erbB-2 in pestmenopause breast cancer patients over 60 years old. Methods 36 patients were treated with endrocrine therapy by oral tamoxifen for 60 ~ 90 days, and the expression of ER, PR and C-erbB-2 was examined before and after the endrocrine therapy. Results In 36 patients the negative expres-sion rate of ER, PR was 16.78% and 11.11% respectively before the endrocrine therapy, compared to 50% and 33.33% after the endrocrine therapy. There was significant difference(P<0.05). The expression of C-erbB-2 was 13.8% and 16.67% before and after the endrocrine therapy, and there was no significant difference between the two figures. Conclusions The neoadjuvant endocrine therapy by tamoxifen alone can down-regulate the ex-pression of ER, PR, and can inhibit tumor growth. Some patients may get partially relieved.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398609

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship ofiliac vein, portal vein(PV) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV), explore the feasibility on application of iliac vein in extended pancreatoduodenoctomy, and observe the clinical results. Methods Portal system and iliac venous system were dissected in 20 adult corpses. The caliber, thickness and branches of iliac vein, PV and SMV were observed and compared. The application of iliac vein in extended pancreateduodenoctomy were studied in 2 patients. Results There were no branch in 30 mm near lilac vein, 1 branch in 30--50 nun and 2-3 branches in 51-70 ram. The thickness and caliber of iliac vein matched with PV's and SMV's, there was no significant difference. Only proper pro-longed operative incisions were needed and the operation time was 5-7 hours. Postoperative vascular throm-bosis, necrosis of intestine, liver failure and so on were not occurred. No evidence of vascular embolism and recurrence happened within 6-16 months' follow-up. Conclusion Uiac vein, as a choice, can be used for vasotransplantation in the pancreatoduodenectomy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-588006

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical indications and curative effects of microwave coagulation combined with submucous 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) injection in the management of early-stage lower rectal cancer. Methods Nine patients with early-stage lower rectal cancer underwent microwave coagulation with submucous 5-FU injection from January 1996 to December 2002. After the microwave treatment, a retention enteroclysis with 100~200 ml normal saline containing 1.0 g 5-FU was performed once daily for 3 days. Results In 3 patients, levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which were preoperatively increased, were reduced below normal limits after microwave treatment. No hemorrhage or other intra- or post-operative complications was observed. Follow-up observations to January 2006 showed that all the 9 patients survived. One patient survived for 3 years and 5 months, 1 patient survived for 3 years and 8 months, and 1 patient experienced a tumor relapse at 1 year and 4 months and survived for 2 years and 9 months after a Miles procedure. Among 6 patients who survived longer than 5 years, 1 survived for 5 years and 1 month, 1 for 6 years and 3 months, 1 for 6 years and 8 months, 1 for 7 years and 6 months, and 2 for 9 years. Conclusions Surgical indications for microwave coagulation combined with submucous 5-FU injection for rectal cancer included early-stage cancer, lesions located within 7 cm away from the anus, the mass type cancer, tumor diameter at 0.5~3.0 cm or less than one third of the rectum’s circumference, well differentiated tumor, and patient’s strong anus-sparing demand. This method is minimally invasive, safe, reliable, and cost-effective.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556148

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the distribution and differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the brain of neonatal rats with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Methods MSCs were isolated and purified by adhering to the culture glassware wall and prelabeled with bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) for 72 h before transplantation. The model of HIE was established. At 24 h after hypoxic ischemia, approximate 4?10 6 cells were injected into the brain of neonatal rats with HIE through the right side bregma. The Nestin, neuron specific enolase (NSE) and glial fibrillary acid protein (GFAP) were detected by immunofluorochemistry at 4 weeks after injection. Results Majority of MSCs were distributed in the cortex, hippocampus of the lesioned hemisphere. The number of MSCs was (2781?254) in the left hemisphere, but (4708?281) in the right hemisphere. There was significant difference (t=18.70, P0.05). The expression ratio of NSE was (3.79?0.95)% in the left hemisphere, but (5.69?1.48)% in the right hemisphere (t=3.404, P0.05). Conclusion MSCs are mainly distributed in the lesioned hemisphere and can differentiate into neuronal-like cells, express the mark of neural stem cells, neurons and neuroglial cells at 28 d after intracortical transplantation.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL