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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637087


ObjectiveTo study the diagnostic value of sonographic “Leopard pattern” sign in breast hyperplasia.MethodsTwo hundred and twenty-three female patients in Beijing Friendship Hospital from October 2012 to April 2013 were choosen. All the cases were diagnosed as mammary gland hyperplasia clinically, and their breast ultrasound images show the breast imaging-reporting and data system (BI-RADS) grad was 0 or 1. These patients were divided into 3 groups according to their age, Group A: 20 to 35 age (36 cases), Group B: 36 to 50 age (102 cases), and Group C: order than 50 year-old (85 cases). The pathological diagnosis were obtained by ultrasound guided breast biopsy. With pathological diagnosis as the gold standard and “Leopard sign” as ultrasound diagnostic criteria, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value were calculated. The consistency between the ultrasonic and the pathological diagnosis were analyzed by Kappa statistical test.ResultThe diagnostic consistency test of the total sample of 223 cases: in terms of the ultrasonic Leopard sign” for the diagnosis of breast hyperplasia, the sensitivity was 69% (59/85),the specificity was 46% (64/138), the accuracy was 55% (123/223), the positive predictive value was 44% (59/133), the negative predictive value was 71% (64/90), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.14,P<0.05). Group A:the sensitivity was 90% (18/20), the specificity was 50% (8/16),the accuracy was 72% (26/36), the positive predictive value was 69% (18/26), the negative predictive value was 80% (8/10), the consistency was good (Kappa=0.42, P<0.05);Group B:the sensitivity was 70% (33/47), the specificity was 49% (27/55),the accuracy was 59% (60/102), the positive predictive value was 54% (33/61), the negative predictive value was 66% (27/41), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.19,P<0.05); Group C: the sensitivity was 44% (8/18), the specificity was 43% (29/67), the accuracy was 44% (37/85), the positive predictive value was 17% (8/46), the negative predictive value was 74% (29/39), the consistency was poor (Kappa=0.08,P<0.05).Conclusion“Leopard pattern” sign is not suitable as an independent standard in diagnosing breast hyperplasia disease.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 540-543, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441148


Objective To explore the value of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) in diagnosis of thyroid nodules.Methods The clinical data of 395 patients with thyroid nodules who underwent ultrasound-guided CNB were retrospectively analyzed,and the results of CNB pathology of 278 patients who endured surgery were compared with postoperative wax pathology results.Results All patients completed CNB successfully and satisfaction rate for tissue samples was 100%.Local hematoma occurred in one case and relieved by conservative therapy.The CNB pathology results of 278 cases of patients were as follows:92 cases were malignancy,including 91 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma,lcase of medullary thyroid carcinoma; 182 cases were benign,including lcase of parathyroid adenoma,48 cases of adenoma,and 133 cases of nodular goitre and other nodular affection.In 278 patients who underwent surgery,the CNB pathology results in 273 cases,including 90 malignancy cases and 183 benign cases,were consistent with postoperative wax pathology results and false positive occurred in 1 cases,ambiguous occurred in 4 cases.So the accuracy,sensibility,specificity,missed diagnosis rate,and misdiagnosis rate of ultrasound-guided CNB for differential diagnosis of thyroid malignant nodules from benign nodules were 98.20% (273/278),95.79% (91/95),99.45% (182/183),4.21% (4/95) and 0.55% (1/183).Conclusion Ultrasound-guided CNB has important value on differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules.It is safe and effective.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418106


Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasonography (USG) and contrast-enhanced computer tomography (CT) for thyroid carcinoma.MethodsThe results of the review of the preoperative CT and those of the original US reports were compared with the histopathologic results in 73 cases of thyroid carcinoma who underwent radical operation and central compartment dissection from November 2009 to November 2011.ResultsThe final diagnostic rate of thyroid carcinoma with USG was 69.9%,CT of that was 80.8%.There were no significant difference between them (P =0.077).The diagnostic rate of metastatic lymph node in the central compartment with USG was 61.6%,positive predictive value was 64.0%,negative predictive value was 60.4%.The diagnostic rate of metastatic lymph node in the central compartment with CT was 67.1%,positive predictive value was 61.7%,negative predictive value was 76.9%.There were not significant difference between them(P =0.848,P =0.152,P =0.489).Conclusion There was no significant difference between USG and CT in The final diagnostic rate of thyroid carcinoma and its lymph node metastasis in the central compartment.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 605-608, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421511


ObjectiveOne hunred and twenty-four To probe into application value of ultrasound guided Catheterization in internal jugular vein. MethodsOne hundrel and twenty-four guided by ultrasound puncture holder, single-channel or three-channel catheter was embedded into jugular vein. ResultsThe catheter was inserted successfully by only one procedure in all the 124 patients. There was no complication. ConclusionsThe catheterization becomes safer, convenient and quickly with ultrasound puncture holder guidance, decreasing failure rate and complication of the procedure.

Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1048-1050, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397288


Objective To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced uhrasound(CEUS)for liver fibrosis.Methods Ninty-two chronic hepatitis B patients with histology diagnosis and fifteen health control were detected by CEUS,dynamic images and the time-intensity curve were analyed.Results Hepatic veinartery transit(HV-ATT)became shorter in the early hepatic cirrhosis patients [(7.5±2.1)s]compared to the control[(11.8±2.7)s].However,there was no difference between the fibrosis patients [(13.0±2.2)s]and the control.Furthermore,HV-ATT of the fibrosis patients with S1 to S3 stage were(11.7±2.7)s(S1),(11.8±3.0)S(S2),(11.8±2.3)s(S3)without significant difference.Conclusions CEUS is valuable in diagnosing earlier hepatic cirrhosis,but not fibrosis.